« <U. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair and continued cold tonight and TViq /vnlir _
tomorrow; lowest temperature about 26 "tlly evening paper
degrees; gentle to moderate northwest 111 Washington with the
winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 36, Agsneiatorl XT
at i p.m.; lowest, 27, at 6 am. Associated rress News
Full report on page A-2. and Wirephoto Services.
Closing New York Markets, Page 22 “ '—
--^1—WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1937 -FORTY PAGES. *** on M«.n. A.*oci,ted Pre... TWO CENTS.
FROM G. M. PLANT
ON MARTIN’S PLEA
“Wildcat” Sit-In Ended Aft
er Union Leader Speaks
. to Men.
VOTE TO EVACUATE
Labor Chief Disregards Threat of
Violence to Enter Struck
^ Approximately 500 men began
“wildcat’’ sit-down strike at Gen
• eral Motors’ Fisher body plant at
Pontiac, Mich., last Wednesday.
The strike, not authorized by
United Automobile Workers, a C. I.
O. affiliate, is in protest of lay-offs
and allegedly excessive speed de
manded of workers on conveyor
By the Associated Press.
PONTIAC. Mich., Nov. 22.—Strikers
who had held the General Motors
r isher body plant here since Wednes
day evening marched out at 11:30
s m. today, led by Homer Martin, in
ternational president of the United
. Automobile Workers of America.
Martin, who entered the plant at
10 a m . said when he emerged that
the strikers had voted unanimously
to evacuate the plant.
He said the company would be noti
fied at once that the men had left
end that he would attempt to open
negotiations on grievances which
caused the strike.
Ending Is Unexpected.
The strike, which began without
warning when a few hundred mem
bers of t.ie night shift refused to
work because the company insisted
upon the suspension of four men
whom it blamed for a previous un
authorized strike, ended just as un
The men had refused to heed ap
peals of the international officers and
of the International Executive Board,
W'hich was summoned into emergency
session yesterday by Martin. The
board recessed at 9:30^.m. until 3 p m.
after issuing a statement describing
the strike as “unauthorized and un
sanctioned.” That statement came
after 23 hours of nearly continuous
Although one striker, guarding an
entrance to the plant, said the men
would “turn a fire hose” on Martin if
he should appear, Martin and his
secretary. Miss Vivian Fox, went
directly to the plant in a taxicab from
the board meeting. Leonard Netzorg,
Detroit U. A. W. A. attorney who ac
companied them into the plant, said
he understood the strikers had invited
Martin to appear before them.
Martin and his secretary were ad
mitted immediately they reached the
The international president was re
ported to have told the men that their
■trike “jeopardized the very life" of
Netzorg said the men gave Martin a
respectful audience, but asked numer
ous questions when he completed his
When he emerged, Martin said that
“the men are ready to go back to
work at an;- time; it is up to the
corporation when they want to start
He declined to say whether he had
promised the strikers that the union
would fight for the retention of their
jobs and for the reinstatement of four
men whose suspension the company
demanded for alleged leadership in a
previous unauthorized strike.
Meeting Is Called.
He said all members of the Pontiac
local would attend a mass meeting
Shortly before Martin reached the
plant, the strikers permitted a dozen
company officials, who had been in
the plant overnight, to depart.
H. J. Klingler, president of the
Pontiac Motor Co., whose plant closed
Thursday because automobile bodies
were not available from the struck
Fisher plant, said that several days
might be required to resume oper
ations. He said that “We may be
able to open by the latter part of
the week ”
The Fisher and Pontiac plants to
gether currently are employing 14,721
Netzorg disclosed after the evacu
ation that he had acted unofficially as
(See LABOR, Page A-3.) ”
DISTRICT LOSES DAY
Palmisano Unable to Call Up Any
of Four Local Meas
The District lost its first legisla
tive day of the special session of
Congress in the House today be
cause Chairman Palmisano was not
prepared to call up any of the four
local bills on the calendar.
Without a definite program for the
day, Speaker Bankhead had an
nounced the District could have time
for consideration of the four bills
that were placed on the calendar at
the last session of Congress. When
the House convened at noon, Majority
Leader Rayburn made the following
"This is District of Columbia day,
but Mr. Palmisano informed me he
Is not ready to proceed.”
One of the bills would establish a
five-day, 60-hour week in the Fire
Department. Another would permit
police and firemen to retire at the
age of 60 after 25 years of service.
A third, which already passed the
Senate, would make semi-annual me
chanical inspection of motor vehicles
compulsory. The fourth would give
tke Commissioners and the Health*
department increased authority tc*
regulate barber shops. f
t idelity Dividend rayment
Held Until After Christmas
Justice O’Donoghue Feels Appraisal
Should Be Made Because of Large Sum
of Money Involved in Settlement.
Fidelity Building & Loan As
sociation closed July, 1936. Nego
tiations, long drawn out, some
times blocked, finally presented to
court a proposal agreed to by
Treasury and Federal Home Loan
Bank Board officials for First Fed
eral Savings & Loan Association
to buy Fidelity assets and make
available a single and final divi
dend o/ 85 per cent.
Action by Justice Daniel W. O’Don
aghue in District Court today pre
cluded possibility that shareholders of
the closed Fidelity Building & Loan
Association will receive their expected
85 per cent dividend by Christmas, as
was predicted two weeks ago by Con
troller of the Currency J. F. T. O'Con
The justice said he felt the court
should appoint appraisers to evaluate
the association’s assets.
It was expected that the appraisal
would require several months.
Justice ODono^hue told Attorney
George P. Barse, representing the
Controller of the Currency, that he
had no doubt the valuation furnished
by James H. Nolan, receiver of the
association, was accurate, but that he
felt that since such a large sum of
money and so many persons were
involved that each piece of property
should be appraised by persons des
ignated by the court.
There are approximately 790 pieces
of property which must be appraised.
Then attorneys for the association
and the controller must come into
court and obtain approval of the plan
by which the association’s assets will
be taken over by the new First Federal
Savings & Loan Association.
The reorganization plan was pre
sented to the court more than two
weeks ago and Justice O’Donoghue
ordered it be published so that any one
who objected might voice his objec
tion to the court. Not a single stock
holder or creditor demurred w'hen the
question of approval of the reorganiza
tion came up this morning.
The reorganization plan involves
about 18.000 Fidelity stockholders and
approximately $4,400,000 stock liabil
The First Federal has proposed to
pay all Fidelity shareholders 85 cents
qn the dollar either in cash or in its
According to the plan approved by
the controller, the First Federal would
take over all Fidelity assets at a price
equal to 85 per cent of the share lia
AT CREECH’S TRIAL
U. S. Marshals Are Feaful of
Violence Outbreak in
Senate Civil Liberties Commit
tee has been engaged for more than
year in probing instances of labor
espionage, intimidation and other
interferences with rights of work
ers to organize. Harlan County,
one of blackest spots in country as
far as violation of individual rights
is concerned, was subject of weeks
of investigation and hearings last
(Pictures on page A-3.)
Fearful of courtroom gun play, a
reinforced squad of United States
deputy marshnls searched all wit
nesses and spectators appearing to
day in District Court for the trial
of Ted Creech, husky mine superin
tendent from Harlan County, Ky„
charged with perjury before the Sen
ate Civil Liberties Committee.
As several relatives and friends of
Creech, two, former deputies from
“bloody Harlan” and two organizers
for the United Mine Workers in Ken
tucky appeared for the trial, all were
searched carefully by a marshal sta
tioned outside the courtroom. Al
though no guns were found, several
fnen appearing evidently as specta
tors left the courthouse on perceiv
ing the search.
Inside the courtroom, at least six
deputy marshals were on duty at all
times as both prosecution and de
fense attorneys wrangled over the
make-up of the jury. With both
sides exercising numerous challenges,
the panel was still incomplete as the
court recessed at 12:30 p.m., aftej
two and one-half hours of examina
tion of prospective jurors.
Creech produced a battery of
Washington and Kentucky legal tal
ent for his defense, including Wil
iam E. Leahy and William J. Hughes
>f Washington and Walter B. Smith
ind Cleon K. Calvert of Kentucky,
rhe prosecution was being handled
)v Assistant United States District
Attorney David Pine.
Appearing as principal witness
igainst the defendant was Richard
Tackett, slight gray-haired Ken
uckian who admitted before the
:ommittee last spring that he had
cnown about efforts of the Harlan
x>al operators to intimidate organ
zers of the United Mine Workers by
shootings and dynamitings.
Arrested Last April.
Son of one of the Harlan mine
iwners, Mr. Creech was arrested last
April 20 as he left the Senate Office
Building on a warrant sworn to by
Mr. Tackett and United States Deputy
Marshal Robert L. Bonham. Released
under $2,000 bond after a hearing be
fore Police Court Judge John P. Mc
Mahon, he was later indicted.
The alleged perjury by the mine
official, who had testified defiantly in
the early days of the inquiry into
terrorism and violence in Harlan, cen
tered around a conversation which he
had with Mr. Tackett during a lunch
eon recess in the hallway outside the
Senate committee room.
Tells of Threats.
As the afternoon session opened
Mr. Tackett took the stand to tell of
being threatened by Mr. Creech.
Marshal Bonham, who had Mr
Tackett in custody at the time, sup
ported his prisoner’s testimony on the
witness stand and the committee
called upon the mine superintendent
for his version. He denied the threat
and told a story conflicting directly
with that of the other two.
The committee then referred the
case to the United States district
PRINCESS BA*. WED
Daughter of Sarawak Rajah Mar
ried to Wrestler in London,
LONDON, Nov. 22 (A*).—Princess
Baba, youngest daughter of the Brit
ish Rajah of Sarawak, was married
today to her wrestler boy friend, Bob
Gregory, despite her father’s threat
to disinherit her.
The marriage, previously postponed
several times when the 21-year-old
princess failed to show up, was per
formed in the Marylebone registry
HANG TO YIELD
Note Is Dropped at Nanking
by Air Fleet—China Gets
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Nov. 22.—Japan urged
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek today
to surrender. A message was dropped
to him by Japanese airmen making
their first flight over Nanking since
the government announced its trans
fer from the capital to Chungking,
about 1,000 miles farther inland.
No bombs were dropped—only the
message urging cessation of hostilities.
It was released from a plane flown
by Lt. Mochifumi Nango, one of
Japan's ace pilots.
Chinese pursuit planes attacked the
Japanese flyers, nevertheless, engaging
them in spectacular dogfights over
Nanking. One Chinese plane crashed.
The Japanese airmen, apparently
trying to determine the strength of
the remaining Chinese air force, were
taken by surprise. The aerial de
fenses, however, included little anti
aircraft fire, which was interpreted
as a possible indication some batteries
bad been shifted to Chungking and
Hankow to protect the new govern
ment headquarters in those cities
Chinese Get New Planes
The new Chinese fighting craft re
sembled their Japanese foe more than
the types of Chinese planes seen until
now. They were so new, apparently,
that puzzled ground defenses and
siren operators mistook them for
Japanese. The danger signals wailed
long after the raiders had gone.
With 50 new fighting craft known
to have been flown to China's in
terior from Russia, it was believed
this was the debut of reinforcements
for China’s shattered air forces.
The high-speed newcomers, some
quarters thought, were only part of a
fleet of replacements and might in
licate that China was preparing to
challenge Japan’s supremacy in the
lir. The populace, which had ex
pected again to be bombed, appeared
End of Resistance “Advised."
The mysterious message “advised”
Shiang to end China's resistance and
•o surrender himself to the Japanese.
* Japanese spokesman acknowledged
'hat a “personal message” had been
iropped at Nanking but would not
iisclose its text.
Although the Japanese sought to
:loak the maneuver in secrecy, for
eign observers regarded it as an effort
o win a bloodless capitulation of the
ivacuated capital and the generalis
READY FOR WORK
Also Is Near.
WITH PARTY LEADERS
Regional Planning Appears to
Have Chance of Receiving At
tention at Special Session.
Called back to consider in special
session a four-point emergency pro
gram including legislation for farm
aid, reorganization, regional plan
ning and wage-hour regulation.
Congress spent most of last week
in a filibuster against the anti
lynching bill. Two resolutions were
passed, one asking the Department
of Agriculture for information
about sulfanilamide elixir and the
other granting use of Capitol pic
tures in an art exhibit.
By the Associated Press.
Congress was ready—almost—to get
down to work today on crop control
Both Senate and House continued
the same sort of wordy debate that
produced no action during the first
week of the special congressional ses
sion, but the Senate had a farm bill
to start on tomorrow.
A w-eary House subcommittee also
wound up its discussions over an agri
culture bill to establish an "ever
normal granary" and stabilize fatm
Majority Leader Rayburn said word
from the committee was that the
legislation would be ready for the
House by tonight, "certainly tomor
row.” He predicted debate would be
gin by the end of the week.
Complies With Command.
The measure drafted by the Senate'
Agriculture Committee had no rev
enue-raising provisions, but committee
members said it complied with Presi
dent Roosevelt's command not to in
crease spending without compensating
Senator Pope. Democrat, of Idaho
said the final draft could hold costs
within $500,000,000 already budgeted
to the farm program. Some other
committee members disputed this, pre
dicting it would increase the Federal
outlay for agriculture by $150,000 000
Senator Pope explained the bill pro
vides payments equal to or greater
than those being made under the
present soil conservation act. “If only
a certain amount of money is avail
able,” he said. “Then payments to
farmers will be scaled down.”
Action by the farm committees was
not the only sign that the Democratic
leadership planned to get Congress
to buckle down to the President’s
four-point special program of legisla
tion on agriculture, wages and hours
executive reorganization and regional
Confer With President.
Vice President Gamer. Speaker
Bankhead and Majority Leaders
Barkley and Rayburn of the Senate
and House, respectively, conferred
with the President on speeding up
Regional planning, an item that ap
peared lost in congressional confusion
last week, appeared to have some
chance of getting before the House
before the short special meeting of
Mr. Bankhead said a House commit
tee. revising the President’s planning
proposal, might complete its work
earlier than anticipated. He pre
dicted the bill would provide chiefly
(See CONGRESS, Page A-4.)
Codos Establishes Record.
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina, No
vember 22 UP).—Paul Codos, French
trans-Atlantic flyer, piloted his big
four-motored plane to a landing at
Airfrance Airdrome today to estab
lish a record for the flight from Paris
to Buenos Aires.
'Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page. :
Amusements .B-8 Radio ._B-9
Comics ..B-14-15 Short Story..A-17 '
Editorials ...A-12 Society_B-3
Finance _A-21 Sports A-18-19-20
Lost & Found B-ll Woman's Pg. B-10
Japanese planes drop "advice” to
Chianf to yield. Page A-l
Windsor settles libel suit for "substan
tial sum.” Page A-2
French pretender opens campaign to
"recognize” throne. Page A-4
Officers search courtroom crowd at
Creech trial. Page A-l
Roosevelt suggestions to help business
are indicated. Page A-l
Senate gets farm bill; Roosevelt man
date disregarded. Page A-l
Martin induces strikers to quit G. M.
G. M. C. plant. Page A-l
Coroner’s jury fails to fix cause of
Coffin death. Page A-2
Death of boy, 16, laid to "wnite lie”
of girl. Page A-2
More oratory awaited in anti-lynching
bill filibuster. Page A-3
Coughlin asks “friends” to halt broad
cast agitation. Page A-8
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
Allen orders inquiry into Ruhland’s ■
Glenn Dale policies. Page A-l
Court action balks Christmas Fidelity :
dividend. Page A-l
Supreme Court rejects another attack !
on Justice Black. Page A-l
President postpones departure for 1
Warm Springs. Page A-l
Court attaches search spectators at <
Creech trial. PiPe A-l
Chest drive brings in 78.91 j*r cent !
of quote. Page A-l
•line injured, several seriously, in week
end traffic. ■ Page A-4
•’ires rout families, damage two build
ings. Page A-5
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. .Page A-12
rhis and That. Page A-12
Answers to Questions. Page A-12
Washington Observations. Page A-12
David Lawrence. PageA-13
rhe Capital Parade. PageA-13
Dorothy Thompson. Pag* A-13
Constantine Brown. Pagfe A-13
Lemuel Parton. Pag^ A-13
Bonds hesitant (table) A-21
Cotton outlook clouded A-21
Stocks go down (table) A-22
Curb shares mixed (table) A-23
Walgreen net declines A-23
Steel rate still drops A-23
City News in Brief. Page B-6
Dorothy Dix. Page B-10
Betsy Caswell. Page B-10
Bedtime Stories. PageB-11
Nature’s Children. PageB-11
Cross-word Puzzle. PageB-14
Letter-Out. Page B-14
Winning Contract. Page B-15
Shipping News. PageB-16
3ig Hoya-Terp crowd brightens future
for classic. PageA-18
ihtt looms as California Rose Bowl
lavy ready for Army despite rout by
Princeton. Page A18
*itt, Fordham lead in all-Eastem
team selections. Page A-19
Slants’ defeat of Packers put pressure
on Redskins. JfcageA-19
1500 In prizes await bowm in Star
tourney. Pag* A-20
> Now You
Change in Holiday Plans
Made on Advice of Doc
tor and Dentist.
By J. RUSSELL YOUNG.
Because he has not fully regained
his strength after extraction of an
abscessed tooth. President Roosevelt
today canceled plans to spend Thanks
giving at Warm Springs, Ga.. but made
plans for a week of fishing in the Gulf
of Mexico later.
The change in plans was made on
advice of Dr. Ross T. Mclntire, White
House physician, and Lt. Comdr.
Arthur Yando, Navy dentist, who ex
tracted the President's tooth and who
has since been treating the gums.
From all accounts the President's
abscess was a particularly bad one and
draining is being continued. Other
wise, the President’s physical condi
tion is represented as being good. His
temperature is normal and all trace
of the gastro-intestinal disorder from
which he suffered during the tooth
ache has disappeared.
Confers With Leaders.
The President feels well enough u> do
a certain amount of business in his
study and will receive a limited num
ber af callers in his study each day in
addition to disposing of other routine
The President early today had a
long conference in his bedroom with
Senate and House leaders, includfhg
Vice President Garner, Senate Ma
jority Leader Barkley, Speaker Bank
head and House Majority Leader Ray
burn. to discuss the general legislative
Also, during the forenoon, he con
ferred with Frank Walsh of the State
Power Commission of New York,
Frank Walker, former head of the
National Emergency Council, who has
frequently been mentioned as a pos
sible successor to Postmaster General
Farley, and James H. R. Cromwell,
student of economics and husband of
Doris Duke. It was possible the Presi
dent later in the day will confer with
Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau
and Director of the Budget Bell, con
cerning the budget estimates to be
presented to Congress in January.
In postponing his Thanksgiving
visit at Warm Springs, Ga„ and the
fishing cruise on the Gulf of Mexico
afterwards, the president has worked
out a tentative schedule which will
be somewhat the reverse of his origi
Will Go to Maine.
It is thought the President’s dentist
and doctor will permit him to leave
either late this week or early next
week and that he will be away from
Washington not more than a week or
As the schedule now stands, the
President will go by special train to
Miami, Fla., where the presidential
yacht Potomac will be waiting to take
him around the southern point of
Florida to the Gulf of Mexico. It is
thought that after three or four days
of fishing in those waters the Presi
dent will go ashore at St. Petersburg
or Pensacola, Fla., and then go by
train to Warm Springs, Ga., where
he will join with the infantile paralysis
patients at the Warm Springs Founda
tion in a belated Thanksgiving dinner,
He will remain in Warm Springs
only a day and a night and then go
to Gainesville, Ga., where he will par
ticipate in ceremonies celebrating the
rehabilitation of that town following
the destruction done by a tornado two
years ago. He will make a speech
dedicating a park laid out in Gaines
ville named in his honor. The town’s
rehabilitation and the building of the
city park was accomplished with
$2,500,000 of public works funds.
From Gainesville the President will
come directly to Washington and re
sume his duties here.
By Joseph Alsop
Starts Today on P&e A-13
Birth on Plane
Held Cause of
11 Air Deaths
Bj the Associated Press.
BRUSSELS, Nov. 22.—The newspa
per Midi-Journal said today a Bel
gian inquiry into last week's airplane
disaster at Ostend indicated the pilot
attempted to land because the Grand
Duchess Hesse bei Rhein, one of the
passengers, was giving birth to a
The plane, carrying Grand Duke
'George Donatus von Hesse and mem
bers of his family to the London
wedding of the grand duke's brother,
crashed in a fog, killing all 11 of its
occupants. Five members of the for
mer German royal family were killed.
The body of the new-born infant
was found in the wreckage.
Also Agrees to Review Case
Involving Picketing to
Bv JOHN H. CLINE.
The Supreme Court, in a brief ses
sion today, rejected another attack on
the validity of the appointment of As
sociate Justice Hugo L. Black, and
agTeed to review a controversy involv
ing the right of colored persons to
picket Sanitary grocery stores in the
District in an effort to force the com
pany to engage colored help.
The attack on Justice Black was
made by Robert Gray Taylor, chair
man of the Philadelphia Court Plan
Committee, and Elizabeth L. Seymour.
Although admitting they had no di
rect interest in the matter, they
sought permission to question the val
idiy of Mr. Black’s appointment. The
court, without comment, refused to
The litigation involving the Sani
tary Grocery Co. was brought to the
high court by the New Negro Alliance
Inc. The lower courts had refused to
permit members of the alliance to
picket the grocery stores, asserting no
labor question was involved in the
effort to compel employment of colored
clerks in some of the stores.
The court also granted a request
from the National Labor Relations
Board for a review of a Circuit Court
ruling refusing to inforce an order
of the board directing the Pacific
Greyhound Lines to withdraw recog
nition from a company-dominated
union. The same question is involved
in a case affecting the Pennsylvania
Greyhound Lines and the disputes will
be heard together.
In another order, the Supreme Court
refused to review certain questions of
law sent up from the lower courts in
a suit seeking to enforce a gold clause
in a lease. The case was sent back to
the lower court for decision, after
which another appeal may be taken to
the Supreme Court.
After today’s session, the court re
cessed until December 6 to prepare
Workers, Howevei, Are
Short of Goal Set for Final
Falling short of the goal they had
set for themselves, Community Chest
volunteers, at the final report lunch
eon meeting at the Willard Hotel
today, turned in a total of $220,865.
This increased the campaign total to
$1,624,906, or 78.91 per cent of the
The Special Assignment Unit in
creased its leadership, turning in
$65,371 to boost its total to $508,412,
or nearly 89 per cent of its quota.
The largest amount turned in today
was $71,490 from the Governmental
Unit, completing 79.3 per cent of its
The campaign will close officially
with a mass report meeting at 8:30
pm. tomorrow in the Willard ball
room, at which time the success or
failure of the drive for $2,059,000 with
which to finance the work of 69 Chest
agencies during 1938 will become
Members of the Tenth Anniversary
Campaign Committee and of the
Executive Committee were called to
gether today at the Willard Hotel
headquarters as a Board of Strategy
to outline plans for completion of a
final intensive drive today and to
The Campaign Committee is com
posed of 32 leading Washington busi
ness and professional men who have
held the highest positions in the
Chest campaign organizations of past
years and who were called back to
duty this year.
Arthur Hellen, counsel for the Chest
and member of the Campaign Com
mittee, was designated presiding officer
at today’s closing report luncheon.
He has given many years of service
to the Chest since 1928, when he aided
in establishing the organization here.
The report luncheons this year have
been uniformly the most enthusiastic
in the history of the local Chest move
ment. All of them have been broad
cast. Famous speakers and special
"stunts” have added color, and today's
final meeting was to be no exception.
Although these report luncheons
appear to the casual observer at first
glance to be a bedlam of crowds and
voices, the smooth machinery under
(See CHEST, Page A-10.)
BACK IN HOSPITAL
Basil Ryan Readmitted—Authori
ties Silent on Illness.
By the Associated Press.
HICKORY, N. C„ Nov. 22.—Basil
(Pat) Ryan, wealthy young New
Yorker, who married Miss Martha
Barkley, 21, of Morganton, N. C„ the
night of November 4, was readmitted
to a hospital last night after having
been out of the institution a week.
Hospital authorities declined to dis
cuss his condition.
When he left the hospital a week
ago Ryan said he had no recollection
of having married Miss Barkley.
Inquiry Is Ordered by Allen
After Glenn Dale Murals Roiv
commissioner ueorge j£. Alien to
day ordered an inquiry into both the
merits and the legality of the policy
announced several weeks ago by
Health Officer George C. Ruhland
that the children’s and adults’ build
ings of the Glenn Dale, Md.. Sana
toria be operated as one institution.
The inquiry is an outgrowth of the
dispute over the Mother Goose murals
which were painted on the walls of
the children’s building by a W. P. A.
artist. There have been informal sug
gestions that officials of the Health
Department wished to eradicate the
Mother Goose characters because they
might not seem appropriate since
adult persons now are being hos
pitalized in the children’s building.
The children’s sanatorium at Glenn
Dale was built as a separate institu
tion. later Congress authorized the
construction of a tuberculosis sanato
rium on the same tract. The san
atoria were under the Jurisdiction of
the Board of Public Welfare until
last July 1, when the administration
of all District hospitals was transferred
to the health officer.
As one of the major changes in ad
ministration adoptettby Health Officer
Ruhland after he fame into super
vision over the sanatoria, he directed
that the two buildings be operated as
a single institution. At the time he
announced this would mean that if
there were more adult persons than
could be housed in the adult building
they would be placed in the children’s
building, providing space was available
There now are some 17 adults quar
tered in the children’s building. Per
sons who have objected to this policy
suggest that child patients not suffer
ing from pulmonary types of tubercu
losis might be subjected to danger
from that type of disease if adult per
sons afflicted with the pulmonary type
were housed in the children’s building.
Commissioner Allen said he had not
previously questioned the new policy
announced by Dr. Ruhland, since he
believed in not interfering with the
technical phases of his department
heads unless there was some reason
to review their decisions. He said, in
view of the question raised as to the
admixture of adult and child patients
at the “merged” institution, he would
have a study made of the merits of
the policy and also would ask Cor
poration Counsel Elwood H. Seal to
check the legality of running the two
institutions as one. Dr. Ruhland was
busy in conference this morning and
could not be reached for comment.
NEW R. F. C. LOANS
TO AID BUSINESS
I/lay Send Suggestions to
l Congress to Push Hous
m toairoiect. f
F. H. A. Requirements May Be
Liberalized to Encourage
Builders of Homes. >
Turning to private capital and
leadership /or help as the current
business recession threatened seri
ously to impede the program o/ his
administration, President Roose
velt recently has sought to stimu
late a boom in private residential
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt, informed offi
cials said today, may send to Congress
this week some suggestions for stimu
lating private building.
He is understood to have considered
several proposals for handling this
phase of his program to check the
One was reported to be authoriza
tion for loans from the Reconstruction
Finance Corp. to mortgage companies
organized to furnish capital for large
scale housing projects. The R. F. C.
would match dollar-for-dollar funds
put up by private capital.
Another was an increase in the per
centage of the cost of a small home
which may be financed through a
mortgage insured by the Federal Hous
F. H. A. Financing Plan.
Advocates of this program contend
many prospective home-builders are
deterred by lack of funds from making
the 20 per cent down payment now re
quired for F. H. A. financing. They
would increase to 90 per cent the
amount which could be insured by the
F. H. A.
A high government official said the
President had indicated favor for the
R. F. C. proposal. There has been no
report of his attitude toward F. H. A.
Along with this eflort to stimulate
industry, the President is expected to
call in heads of leading utilities com
panies to discuss a possible vast con
struction program in this field.
Some economists have estimated
that more than $3,000,000,000 in pri
vate utility construction has been held
up because of uncertainty created by
the Government's power policy.
This construction would be under
taken. utility spokesmen have said, if
there were assurances the administra
tion would erect no “competing”
plants, ease the Public Utilities Hold
ing Company Act and make other con
New Power Plants Needed.
Both sides acknowledge that hun.
dreds of new power plants, count
less transmission lines and other equip
ment are needed.
But each has been sparring for
concessions from the other. The
President recently offered the utili
ties his co-operation—on condition
that they change their methods of
fixing rates to the consumer. Instead
of valuing their property on a basis
of what they paid for it and what it
would cost if built now', he said, they
should follow common law principles.
This, it was indicated, meant “pru
dent investment;” that is, what was
"reasonably and honestly” invested in
properties “used and useful” in tha
Some utilities spokesmen replied
that the industry would not need
Government aid if “restrictions” were
removed. The trouble, they declared,
was that investors lacked confidence
in the future of utilities because of
the “fixed punitive policy” of the
Speculation Over Taxes.
Reports that Mr. Roosevelt would
send Congress a message outlining
possible means of stimulating resi
dential building aroused speculation
over the question of whether he would
The United States Chamber of
Commerce’s housing conference last
week asserted the undivided profits tax
was retarding building. Wide senti
(See BUSINESS, Page~A^j
DUE TO CONTINUE
Continued Clear and Cold Fore
cast—Mercury Falls to
low of 27.
After a wintry week end Washing
ton can look forward to continued
clear, cold weather, the official fore
caster said today.
More sub-freezing temperatures were
predicted for tonight, with a low of
around 26 degrees and moderate
Today’s early morning low tem
perature, 27 degrees, recorded at 6
a.m,, was 2 points above yesterday’s
minimum of 25 at 5:30. The highest
mark Sunday was 37 at 4 p.m. By 9
a.m. today, however, the mercury had
risen to 31, and indications were it
would go considerably higher.
Virginia felt the coldest week end
of the season, with minimum tempera
tures ranging from 27 in Richmond
to 10 at Marion, where Holston River
An inch of snow feU at Bristol and
the mercury dipped to 18. the Asso
ciated Press reported.
At Roanoke it was literally cold
enough to freeze a brass horn. The
Salvation Army found that out when
it attempted to hold its usual street
service. During the playing of a
hymn, the hc£ went mute, their
valves frozen. 4frhe service was dis
missed. The temperature was 19.
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