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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 29, 1937, Image 8

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THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition
THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor
WASHINGTON. D. C.
MONDAY....November 38, 1937
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herein also are reserved.
Too Many Taxicabs.
The fact that nearly 5.000 taxicabs are
being operated daily on the streets of
Washington is a striking commentary
on the plight of a city that is not per
mitted to regulate its own affairs. For
years, city officials, trade and civic or
ganizations and the majority of taxicab
operators have urged that the number
of taxicabs be reduced to a reasonable
figure and that those allowed to operate
be compelled to carry some form of
liability insurance. But Congress, the
only agency that can execute this badly
needed reform, has seen fit to do noth
ing.
umb ixiuixieieiice anu a
misconception of the facts is responsible
for the failure of Congress to act. Per
haps those members of the House and
Senate who seem content to keep hands
off the problem do not feel that 5,000
cabs is an unduly large number for a
city as big as Washington. If that be
the case, their attention should be
called to the fact that the District has
more taxicabs than the combined totals
of Chicago, Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Richmond, San
Francisco and Los Angeles. In those
cities approximately 10.000,000 persons
are served by about 4,750 taxicabs. In
Washington, with an estimated popula
tion of 619.000, there are 4.818 taxicabs.
Can more be needed to convince Con
gress that the proper District officials
should be given the power necessary to
effect a reduction?
It is true, of course, that Washington
needs more taxicabs than other cities
of comparable size. The Capital is a
mecca for visitors from all sections of
the country and they should have ade
quate and cheap transportation to the
various places of interest in the city.
There is also the fact that Washington,
because of its unusual physical layout,
makes the transportation of workers to
and from the downtown section difficult.
But the Public Utilities Commission has
not lost sight of these and other factors,
and has recommended that it be author
ized to reduce the number of taxicabs
to 2.500 by means that would not work
any hardship on persons now driving
cabs. This would still leave the city
with about 1,000 more cabs than are
operated in Chicago.
That this proposal is fair and reason
able cannot be disputed. Nor can any
one deny that the existing situation is in
tolerable. But mere recognition of these
facts will accomplish nothing. Immediate
action is urgently needed, and this action
should take the form of a determined
and concerted effort on the part of
every one interested in the welfare of
Washington to secure enactment of the
needed legislation when Congress meets
next January—not at some vague future
time.
A pood reporter does an Immense
amount of hard first-class work trying
to keep a poor lawyer from making a
Bhabby exhibition.
“Tokio Slightly Shaken.”
KUSATSU, Japan, Nov. 27.—After
a five-year silence, volcanic Mount
Shirane, in Central Honshu, broke
into rumbling eruption today, Tokio
was slightly shaken, but there were
heavier shocks in regions closer to
the volcano. Neither casualties nor
damage were reported.
—Associated Press Dispatch.
This news from Japan is seismographic,
not political. Yet the recorded event, in
eluding the hour of its occurrence and its
effects, have a certain aspect not unlike
diplomatic eruptions in Washington and
London the same day. While volcanic
Mount Shirane was bursting forth, both
the United States and Great Britain
were lodging identical protests in Japan
affirming that they “could not look
with equanimity” on her attempts to
tamper with the Chinese maritime cus
toms.
Secretary Hull directed Ambassador
Grew to notify the Japanese that the
American Government would be “very
much concerned” if the conquerors of
Shanghai Interfere with a service that
handles half of our annual commerce
with China. The United States is fur
ther disturbed by the possibility that
other coastal cities through which our
exports pass may now be treated like
the interior customs depots taken over
In the Japanese conquest of Manchuria.
Since then, foreign traders have been
able to enter the Manchurian market
only with minor categories of goods
which Japan herselt cannot supply. The
•open door” has been shut.
If Anglo-American protests regard
ing Shanghai are confined to formal
representations by Sir Robert Craigie
and Mr. Grew, It may safely be assumed
that the effect will be precisely what
happened when Moun£ Shirane vomited
vacuously on Saturday. Tokio, no doubt,
will be "slightly shaken” and "neither
casualties nor damage” are likely. Mere
diplomatic eruptions, familiar manifesta
tions there, cause no Japanese political
earth to quake. There is even another
analogy between the volcanic "rumbling”
and the timing of the Hull-Eder remon
strance. It happens also to be five years
since Anglo-American statesmanship
last "erupted” in Japan, anent Man
churia, when, likewise, Tokio was only
"slightly shaken.”
Until Tokio is shaken more than
“slightly” by some rebuke of what Vis
count Cecil has just called "international
brigandage,” China’s subjugation to the
Japanese yoke and complete obliteration
of Western rights in the Far East are
merely matters of the speed into which
the aggressor's juggernaut is thrown. Re
ports have been published that the
directors of American naval strategy are
persuaded the dispatch of the United
States Fleet to Hawaii, if matched by
the sending of only four British capital
ships to Singapore, would not be with
out moral influence in Tokio. It would
be a gesture carrying probably less peril
of warlike reprisals by Japan than eco
nomic sanctions. In any event, it would
indicate that Western patience with
Japanese pretensions might, after all,
reach the breaking point. Another
Roosevelt dared such tactics exactly
thirty years ago this winter, with his
toric results.
Crisis on the Rails.
Spearhead in a move by transporta
tion agencies generally to improve their
finances, the railroads today began to
offer argument before the Interstate
Commerce Commission in behalf of their
application to raise freight and pas
senger charges by approximately $508,
000.000 annually.
Intervening in this case, the inter
coastal ship lines, Government-operated
barge lines and American Transit As
sociation, spokesman for electric rail
ways, ask increases proportionate to
those sought by the rails, while cor
responding action is looked for from
the American Trucking Associations,
Inc., representing the highway carriers,
who also have entered an appearance.
In a separate proceeding, the Pullman
Company seeks a ten per cent increase
in all charges.
The railroads, asserting their plight
is critical, bolster the plea with impres
sive figures.
Prices of necessary supplies, it is
pointed out, have gone up forty per cent;
taxes, twenty-five per cent, and wages,
eighteen per cent.
The other side of the picture pre
sented is a decline in freight and pas
senger rates to the point where the
revenue for hauling a ton of freight one
mile is less than one cent, and for
carrying a passenger a mile, less than
two cents. The same story, more or
less, is told by other carriers.
To meet this situation, the railroads
ask a fifteen per cent horizontal increase
in freight rates, with special charges
on coal and a few other items designed
to raise an aggregate of $460,000,000.
An advance from two to two and one
half cents per mile for coach fares is
proposed by Eastern lines, while those
in the South and West intend to take
advantage of the present two-cent
maximum, previously having charged
less. The additional passenger revenues
are estimated at $48,000,000.
The commission undoubtedly will ex
pedite the matter as much as possible,
but at the best, three or four months
will elapse before a decision is reached.
Exhaustive hearings are in prospect,
with all who have an interest afforded
full opportunity to present their views,
and the wide attention that the case
xo am ailing x» cviucmcu u v me nuuu
of communications that has descended
on the commission since the rail appli
cation was filed three weeks ago. Much
of this has been favorable to the car
riers, but with so much added cost at
stake, vigorous opposition is inevitable.
The I. C. C. adopted a sympathetic
attitude toward the railroads when
granting recent increases in heavy com
modity rates calculated to produce $47,
500,000 annually, and can be counted on
to weigh carefully all the elements enter
ing into this case. It is not far-fetched
to say that the future of the industry
easily may turn on the findings.
At Lebanon, Pa., Dr. William M. Guil
ford celebrated his 105th birthday yes
terday by smoking an extra cigar. The
cigarette has been wholly relieved of an
ancient suspicion and radio is deemed
remiss in not being able to carry Its
perfumes along with its cogitations.
Parole Administration.
Recent developments in two kidnaping
cases serve to focus attention again on
the parole problem.
In West Virginia three men are await
ing trial for the ruthless abduction and
slaying of an aged clergyman. Finger
printed by G-men, it was found two
of them were on parole and the third
had been pardoned early this year after
serving ten months of a five-year sen
tence for attempted rape.
In New York, three desperadoes are
back in jail, under long kidnaping t
sentences, after a sensational break for
freedom that netted them a brief period
of liberty. One of the trio, with a
twenty-year record of crime, has been
freed by parole boards at least three
times. His companions have records
showing many arrests and convictions,
but relatively few years behind bars.
Only a few days before these two
cases broke into the news, J. Edgar
Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation, had delivered a speech
citing some significant figures with
respect to the parole problem.
He disclosed that the Public Enemy
File, in which the F. B. I. keeps finger
prints of nearly 14,000 of the more dan
gerous criminals, shows that thirty per
cent of these men—kidnapers, bank rob
bers, racketeers and other notorious
hoodlums—have been recipients of clem
ency from one^to as many as ten times.
Moreover, seventy-six per cent of those
released on parole were recidivists—
“repeaters,” in other words. Two-thirds
of the parolees were rearrested for such
major crimes as murder, rape, robbery
and kidnaping.
Mr. Hoover is particularly aroused be
cause all but one of his G-men who
have been killed in recent years were
victims of paroled outlaws. But he is
not alone in his concern over the
maladministration of parole in many of
the States. The New York Prison As
sociation, after a Nation-wide survey,
reported that "not more than six or
seven States and the Federal Govern
ment have what can be termed suitable
or scientific parole methods.”
Parole, as a theory, is indorsed by all
informed authorities. Mr. Hoover in
sists he has no fault to find with the
principle involved—that of giving first
offenders, those worthy of leniency, an
other chance to make good. The indis
criminate release of hardened criminals,
who are past reforming, has become a
real menace, however.
Friends of the parole should take stern
and positive action to eliminate these
evils, if public confidence in the system
is to be maintained.
Youngsters appreciate Santa Claus.
The old folks at home are sometimes
inclined to adopt formula in his stead,
but it requires genuine Mother Goose
sentiment to revive the old spirit which
finds treasures in the rag bag as well
as in the Jewel purse. It needs youth
and the years that understand its
thought to restore old Santa to mature
comprehension.
Dexter Fellows, the circus advance
agent, is dead. He is kindly remembered
by many a youngster who recalls him
as the man who never faltered when he
faced the question, ‘‘How many?” It
would be strange if Dexter Fellows was
not loved by children, so many of whom
have learned to hold him in deepest
gratitude.
The technical removal from office of
Dr. H. H. G. Schacht, Reich minister of
economics, brings him expressions of
gratitude from many sources. It was
evidently regarded by Hitler as a pleas
ant privilege to extend good wishes and
congratulations, to say "auf wiederschen”
instead of "farewell forever.”
One good thing about old friend Kris
Kringle is that there has never been
any real argument against him in any
language that makes the slightest appeal
to ears on our continent.
Few people remember why Burleson
was criticized as a Postmaster General.
His passing recalls many fine traits
of character which should not be easily
forgotten.
New books are offered for two or three
dollars each, while old ones dealing with
profound topics are circulated for five
cents a copy. We are still price conscious.
As Christmas trade is considered,
assurances are given that 1938 will be
generous with credit facilities while
taking care of debts as they arise.
Greenbelt has shown enthusiasm In
assuming responsibilities of the ballot
and may yet set an example to sister
communities.
A Greyhound lends his name to a 'bus,
which shows how rapidly it can course
through a strike.
Shooting Stars.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Yearning for Power.
In early ambition
I envied position
Which called on the world to obey.
I longed for a station
Which brought admiration
Because of my wonderful sway.
But now lam humble,
No longer I grumble.
The man who is promptly obeyed
Is the cop at the crossing,
With arms wildly tossing.
I can’t hold the job, I'm afraid.
His Motto.
‘‘I noted that you invariably preserve
a kindly manner, even when you have
to disappoint a friend.”
"I do,” answered Senator Sorghum.
"In some lines of business you can ‘treat
’em rough,’ but in politics my motto is
‘treat ’em smooth.’ ”
Jud Tunkins says we’re getting better
and better every day. The great trouble
is that we’ve got to hear the bad news
about conditions we're tryin' to im
prove.
Giving People What They Like.
The old-fashioned monarchs are standing
perplexed.
On dictators people insist.
A superdictator perhaps will be next
Upon the political list.
Other People’s Business.
“Why don’t you mind your own busi
ness?”
“My business is minding other people's
business. I’m an efficiency expert.”
“There are two kinds of conversation,”
said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown. "In
one we seek to learn from each other
and in the other we try to deceive each
other.”
The Perpetual Smile.
If you can always wear a smile
No matter what goes wrong;
If you can wear a jaunty smile
And jolly folks along;
If you can volubly contend
That life h6lds no misfit,
You’ll soon become a Saint, oh, Friend—
Or else a hypocrite.
"De man dat talks a heap,” said Uncle
Eben, “is liable to git so busy wif his
conversation dat he aln’ got time to
mind fyi facte.” £
Washington’s Heroic
Pedestrians Admired
To the Editor of The Star:
May a visitor to Washington express
profound admiration for an outstanding
and outdaring group, of its residents—
its heroic pedestrians? With gay non
chalance, with intrepid gallantry, they
stoutly refuse to be intimidated, even
influenced, by the threat of rapid motor
traffic and the possible imperfection
of drivers. Hour after hour, minute
after minute, they boldly contend for
the right of way, red light or green
light, standing in the street outside
the curb or, with an assurance and a
seeming indifference to bodily safety that
is awesome, calmly, unhurriedly, traverse
crossings in a manner which must make
the angels hold their breaths.
I walk down Sixteenth street in the
morning, timid, hesitant, eyes on the
signals, and marvel at Washington’s
walking hosts pursuing their blithe way
as if automobiles didn’t exist or were
invisible. Let the automobiles look out
for themselves, let them weave in and
out and pull up on rear wheels, it is
their own fault if they get walked into
and get damaged. Washington's doughty
pedestrians do not concede one inch.
They believe they have the right of way
at all times and act on that belief. It
is appalling, but it is sublime.
Fear not a concentration of power in
the executive, fear not the subordination
of the States to the National Govern
ment, fear not restriction of the press,
fear not dictatorship—democracy in
America is safe when the Capital’s walk
ing population, representative of a
cross section of all the people, retains,
in infant and grandparent, the old in
dependent spirit and willingly, fore
thoughtedly, continually faces maiming
or death in maintenance of its right to
do as it pleases and go as it pleases so
long as it injures no man in his person
or his property through fault of its own.'
Of course, if a car does happen to
make contact with a pedestrian—but
that is the car’s lookout.
THOMAS J. MALONE,
—1 ■ ttr i
Blames the “Recession”
On Labor's Tactics
To the Editor of The Star:
The story on the front page of The
Star of November 23, "Farmers Boycott
U. A. W. Products,” from Lovettsville,
Va., expresses the sentiments of millions
of people in the United States, and it
may be like the Mecklenburg resolution
before our Revolutionary War.
There is a feeling throughout the
country that the unreasonable demands
of the labor unions upon all industry has
created the present business "recession.”
The raising of wages one week and the
rise of the cost of products the next
to meet the raise, and then a re-raise in
wages and a re-raise in prices can result
only in economic downfall. There is no
end to such a vicious circle except
ruin. Farmers cannot buy in such mar
kets, nor can they raise their prices
to meet such costs. It is already cheaper
for those union workers on high wages
to import food from abroad than to buy
locally.
The boycott which the president of the
Lovettsville Farmers’ Club suggests
against union products is already silently
in force by millions of people. People
have a feeling that articles produced by
sore-headed laborers are inferior—that
sabotage is practiced, etc. Workers on
higher wages and under better work
ing conditions than ever before in his
tory, are turning out the worst products.
CORLEY McDARMENT.
Defective Legislation
On Realty Licensing
To the Editor of The Star:
The Star of November 21 carried an
article on the subject of realty licensing
that doubtless brought consternation to
hundreds who knew nothing about the
subject before, and who are disastrously
affected by this cock-eyed monstrosity.
Your November 20 paper carried one
or more ads of positions offered, which
if accepted by your readers, any one of
them, will subject them to penalties of
this law.
Quoting from Sunday's Star:
"A reader suggested to The Star that
a janitor paid in cash or living quarters
or both, who showed people apartments
and perhaps received rent payments for
the owner or agent would require a
license as a real estate salesman.
"Officials pointed out, however, this
section of the act:
" Persons employed by a licensed real
estate broker in a clerical capacity, as
collectors, or in similar subordinate and
administrative positions shall not be re
quired to obtain licenses.’
“This apparently covers the case of
the janitor who helps out the agent, but
whether it also would exempt the resi
dent manager who devoted all his time
to such transactions is a question passed
up to corporation counsel.”
It would appear that a schoolboy
should be able to interpret this plainly
stated law. to say nothing of the admin
istrator of the law. The exception
quoted above from the law, is very plain.
Is the employer the man who hires a
man or the man who pays him? The
yardmaster hires a spike driver; who is
that man’s employer, the yardmaster or
the railroad company which pays both?
Is it hard to determine whose employe
the Janitor is? Does the licensed rent
collector pay the janitor out of his earn
ings? If not, is the janitor an employe
of the rent collector? Ask the apart
ment house owner who pays the janitor,
and if he has a broker’s license?
This realty law was lobbied through
the past Congress by the Washington
Real Estate Board and the Better Busi
ness Bureau, and according to investiga
tions so far, it is the opinion of many
that misstatement of facts and discred
itable representations were made in the
effort to secure its passage. Now, they
have the law; let them and all others
live strictly up to it. Perhaps there are
those who will gladly assist, if necessary,
in seeing to it that it is lived up to.
E. M. PETERSON.
New Deal Control of Crop
Of Ginkgo Trees Suggested
To the Editor ot The Star:
After reading so much in the past few
years about “crop control.” I would
suggest that the Powers that Be should
set out to control the crop from the
Ginkgo trees, those beautiful; trees that
line our curbs and sidewalks in many
sections of our city. These Ginkgo
trees are most beautiful in the spring
and the summer, but oh!—the fruit
thereof!
Just at this time of the year this
fruit, that hangs on the tree like small
plums, is beginning to fall, covering the
sidewalks and street, making a disagree
able and offsensive deposit; but the
worst of the matter is that as the
pedestrians trample and crush the soft,
ripe fruit it emits a stench to such a
degree that many people hold their
noses until they get past the droppings
from the trees; so disgusting is thr
smell that the neighborhood “kids” MU
the fruit “stink balls.”
I would suggest that the A. A. A. try
to correct and abate this disagreeable
nuisance. They might study a way and
means of sterilizing, so that these beau
tiful trees may blossom without fruiting.
I have wondered if Mother Nature, in
giving this Ginkgo fruit sucttuan odor.
THIS AND THAT |
BY CHARLES 2. TRACEWELL.
About this time every year Templeton
Jones steps out for his annual walk.
Jones is a great believer in walking for
other people.
Nothing is better for the health of
body and mind, he says, than a nice,
long walk.
Especially, he says, when autumn
brings brisk days.
No time of the day is better than early
morning, the earlier the better.
Jones says that shortly before 7 a.m.
is the best time to begin this self-pro
pelled Journey into the familiar.
* * * *
At least once a year he manages to
work up enough stamina to really try it
himself.
It is great for the circulation, he con
tends, as well as for the disposition.
People who walk a great deal are likely
to be sweet tempered—or are they?
Temperament, alas, isn’t as simple as
that, else marching soldiers would be the
best men alive.
Templeton Jones is such a mild man
nered, calm fellow, that he needs no
walking at all, as far as such qualities
are concerned.
Sweetness and light beam from his
eyes.
* * * *
A little walk is good for the soul.
Also for those famous liver and lights.
Many people, realizing these benefits,
determine to walk as often as they can.
Doctors often prescribe walking, just
as they do medicine.
The drawback to the prescription of
pedestrianism is the obvious fact that
patients do not have to take it if they do
not want to. It is easily seen, too, how
often the other affairs of life interfere
with this prescription.
Something is always coming up. One
means to get in the daily walk, but
something more important arises which
prevents it.
The next day one does not feel in the
mood.
One's precious mood, evidently, is a
capricious thing, but never any better
than in getting one out of that vaunted
but really tiresome daily walk.
The first thing one knows the walk
ing prescription, with the best will in the
world, has gone by the board. The doc
tors medicine out of a bottle is easy, but
this pedestrianism business takes too
much leg work.
* * * *
Jones was about to begin his annual
walk.
Down the road, the beautiful road he
loved so much, but saw so little of. thanks
to the constant threat of the whizzing
automobiles.
It used to be fun to walk down the
road.
Even seven years ago it was a pleas
ure. Then, day by day, traffic got worse.
In time it became a danger to walk
that road.
Occasionally now it is possible to catch
the road in one of its minor moods,
stretching away in its pleasant curves,
beneath its great trees, bordered by man
sions and homes.
Occasionally one may walk its mile
without meeting a single car, and it is a
great day when that happens.
0 * * *
It was so that morning.
The thermometer on Jones’ porch reg
istered exactly 20 degrees. Always about
4 degrees lower, summer and winter,
than in the city.
Jones carefully took two steps to a
second. He had on his pedometer, which
he had purchased 20 years ago for
his famous vacation in the Zoo. That
summer he covered considerably more
than 100 miles walking in the park dur
ing his two weeks’ vacation.
A pedometer is an interesting instru
ment which measures the distance one
walks, provided it is set correctly to cor
respond with the length of step one
takes.
Once set properly, it measures off the
miles and divisions thereof accurately,
also provided the walker takes the same
length step.
That is where a good, swinging walk
comes in.
Walking about two steps per second,
at whatever is one’s natural stride, sends
one over the ground at a pace which is
called standard, and which, kept up for
a mile or more, causes a slight perspira
tion, coursing blood and general elation
of spirits.
* * * *
The road was still in semi-darkness
when Templeton Jones set out.
His fate, in past years, when he went
on his walk, was that no sooner had he
hit the road than some kind motorist
picked him up.
If he really wanted a lift, nobody of
fered it. He had stood in the cold and
snow and sleet for hours, without ever an
offer, but let him start on his walk down
the road, somebody was sure to stop and
offer him a lift.
It was the same this morning.
Just as he had hit his stride, and begun
to feel the elation of the open road, then
along came a fellow in a big, shiny car.
He slowed down, in pity. Jones thought,
for it was cold, and the frost was smok
ing from his no6e like a chimney, he
knew full well.
The motorist wanted to do him a
favor.
Should he succumb.
No, he should not. He was going to
walk, and nothing should stop him.
He pointed down the road, and shook
his head.
"That way; that way.” he gestured.
The motorist grinned, and went his
way.
* * * *
Jones went on.
The great trees sighed and snapped
above him.
The shoulder of the road, in lieu of
sidewalk, did very well, since few cars
were abroad that early.
Jones was glad it still was possible for
one to get ahead of them.
He walked briskly, and at the end of
his mile, to the rhythmic tock-tock-tock
tock of his pedometer, ' was warm
through.
Too warm, in fact. Jones’ constitution
was that way. Too warm. Walking was
all right, but it got hir* too warm.
Whew!
WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
| BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE.
If there was ever any doubt of Presi
dent Roosevelt's 100 per cent recovery
from his late bout with the dentist, he
dispelled it at his first regular post
extraction press conference on Friday.
His starboard Jowl, described only a few
days previous as rivaling the dimensions
of a grapefruit, was back to normalcy
and wreathed in the billion-dollar presi
dential smile, as F. D. R. quipped and
quirked with 150 newshawks bursting
with questions on almost all subjects
under the New Deal sun. In every way
Richard seemed himself again, and he
started for the Southern fishing grounds
Saturday night in old-time holiday trim.
Mr. Roosevelt assured farewell callers
at the executive offices that he expects
to return to the White House next week
as “good as new,’’ or even better, espe
cially as his recent enforced diet and
Inactivity enabled him to drop consider
able ballast in the shape of superfluous
avoirdupois. Wall Street rumors a few
days ago had the President in grave
physical shape. Like most stock market
tales, they were sheer bunk.
* * * *
There was gentle but unmistakable
irony in the President’s semi-serious
reply to questions about congressional
demands for immediate tax revision.
Indicating that such legislation is ex
clusively the dish of House and Senate,
he intimated, with a merry twinkle in
his eye, that the administration wouldn’t
dream of rushing matters by sending
“undigested legislation" to the Hill, to
be passed by a "rubber stamp" Congress!
While it is thus sought to convey the
impression that the White House isn’t
standing in the way of prompt relief
from burdensome business taxes, it is,
of course, everybody’s secret that the
so-called leadership in both branches of
Congress is generally responsive to
wishes or pressure from the other end
of Pennsylvania avenue, and moves or
stagnates according to the wind blow
ing from that direction. On the other
hand. Congress has the power, even
though it frequently lacks the will, to
override presidential preferences, if it
thinks these run counter to the national
good. Events should presently show
whether members possess the initiative
plus the intestinal investiture to exercise
their vaunted prerogative at this witch
ing hour.
* * * *
Here’s the brand newest scheme for
balancing the budget. It’s suggested that
every time somebody damns Roosevelt up
hill and down dale, a fine of five dollars
should be assessed. Estimates, doubtless
of economic royalist origin, are that
Mr. Morgenthau would climb out of
the red in twenty-four hours, if the
culprits could be rounded up and duly
mulcted.
* -Jr * *
Emil Ludwig, distinguished European
biographer, has just revisited Washing
ton on his final X-ray of Mr. Roosevelt
for the new “life” of the President, which
Ludwig will now proceed to finish at
his home in Switzerland. It is being
written in German and translated into
English for American publication next
fall. This observer asked Dr. Ludwig
what he’s going to say about Roosevelt
and a third term. “I never discussed it
with the President,” was the reply,
“but I shall venture a private opinion
It is to the effect that if the next World
War, which I expect will break out
any time during the next three years,
is raging in 1940, the American people
will demand that Mr. Roosevelt be re
nominated and re-elected as the one
man capable of steering the United
States through that perilous period,
whether your country is in the war or
not.”
* * * *
It’s Just been disclosed that for the
did not intend toicall our attention to
a benefit to mankind that may be hid
den in ita little green pUuns.
AXEKNQUI8T.
first time a radio station has abandoned
the position of political neutrality tradi
tional in broadcasting. In the recent
Boston mayoralty campaign, resulting
in the election of Maurice J. Tobin,
Democrat, the Yankee and Colonial
Networks are said to have given the
full support of their news service broad
casts to a single candidate, who emerged
victorious. Question having arisen as
to whether this constituted violation of
section 315 of the 1934 Communications
Act, requiring equality of broadcasting
opportunity for all political nominees,
officials of the chains in question ex
plain that "the party to which a candi
date belongs is not a factor in our con
siderations. Each contestant for high
office is investigated to the best of our
ability and judged on his past record
as to honesty, ability and courageous ad
herence to public duty. The decision as
to whether or not to support a particular
candidate is based entirely upon the
facts, as we are able to ascertain them.
In case two or more candidates seem
equally worthy, we do not attempt to
make any selection.”
* * * *
Bus strikes in sixteen States draw at
tention to the fact that since September
1 all buses engaged in interstate traffic
have had to obtain Interstate Commerce
Commission license tags at Washington
and display them, in addition to local
numbers. Some 160.000 I. C. C. emblems
have already been distributed. About
40.000 are still to be given out. The
tags are designed to facilitate identifi
cation. They cost twenty-five cents
apiece. President Roosevelt was asked
the other day whether he would utilize
the opportunity of tomorrow's message
to Congress, recommending curtailment
of road-building programs, to remind
the country of the mounting menace to
life on the Nation's highways. He said
it is "an awfully important subject,”
but could hardly be dealt with adequately
on the present occasion. Last year there
were 38,800 highway fatalities of auto
mobile origin or cause, and roundly
1.000.000 injuries. Both figures represent
peaks.
T T ^
Mrs. Carroll Miller, a three-dimen
sional New Deal resident of Washing
ton—sister of Senator Guffey, wife of
Interstate Commerce Commissioner Mil
ler and Democratic national committee
woman from the Keystone State—stole
the show at a repeal meeting In Sym
phony Hall, Boston, five or six years
ago. when she was supposed to play
second fiddle on the speaking program.
“Ladies and gentlemen.” she said, "I
am a Pennsylvanian. Pennsylvania has
presented the republic with two great
sons—Albert Gallatin of Switzerland and
Benjamin Franklin of Massachusetts”
That brought down the house, for it
appeared there were countless citizens
even of the Hub, who didn’t realize
that Franklin was not a native of
Penn’s Woods, but was born at Boston.
* * ± *
One of Washington’s most incorrigible
political wisecrackers, wrho calls himself
a Carter Glass Democrat, says that if
the White House doesn’t watch its
step, it’ll wake up some morning to dis
cover that Congress has quit being
Charlie McCarthy and decided to be
Bergen.
Hats Off—a Gentleman
Prom the Philadelphia Bventne Bulletin.
Local court rules picking flowers for a
woman golfer is part of a caddy’s job. If
he didn’t, he’d be only a cad.
Bid for Tax Mine
Prom the Sioux Oity Tribune.
II Duce is inviting foreign capital to
enter Italy. And that 10 per cent cor
porate capital levy he made recently ex
plains why/T
A
ANSWERS TO
QUESTIONS
tr FREDERIC 1. HASKI.V.
A reader can get the answer to any
Question of fact by writing The Evening
Star Information Bureau, Frederic J.
Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C.
Please inclose stamp for reply.
Q. How many inhabitants has Nan
king, China, normally?—W. M.
A. About 1,000,000.
Q. Is there a book which gives the late
developments in all kinds of scientific
work?—H. N.
A. “The Advancing Front of Science”
is a new book giving a layman’s picture
of what is being done at present in
many scientific fields.
Q. Is Woodbine Willie, the fighting
parson, still living?—E. B. G.
A. Rev. G. A. Studdert-Kennedy, who
was given this name, died in Liverpool,
March 9, 1929. He was famous as a war
chaplain during the World War. and it is
estimated that he distributed 5.000 pack
ages of cigarettes in the trenches every
week.
Q. Why was Gen. Hugh S. John
son's scheduled talk on social diseases
banned?—L. B.
A. The talk was not given because ra
dio officials felt -that the radio could not
contribute to the campaign against so
cial diseases without seriously embar
rassing the family group.
Q. For whom are the Baumes laws
named?—E. H.
A. The criminal statutes of that name
are so called for Senator Caleb H.
Baumes of New York State. The Baumes
laws went into effect in New York on
July 1, 1926, after a year's survey of the
Liiiiir auuaiiuii uy me ooilll ljPgi.>l&llY6
Investigating Committee of which Sena
tor Baumes was chairman.
Q. How much rubber is used in Amer
ican industry in a year?—C. S.
A. About 1,250.000.000 pounds.
Q. Will there be a Child Labor Day
this winter?—L. T.
A. January 29. 30 and 31 are the davw
when special attention will be directed to
the task of arousing public opinion
against the employment of child labor.
Q. What is the subject for the present
Gorgas Memorial contest?—P. R.
A. The subject is "The Achievements
of William Crawford Gorgas and Their
Relation to Our Health." All students in
the third and fourth years of high school
(eleventh and twelfth grades; are eligi
ble to compete in the contest. The con
test will close on January 21, 1938.
Q. What newspaper in the United
States carries the largest amount of
grocery advertising?—W. J.
A. The Chicago Daily News has the
largest amount of grocery advertising.
The Washington Star is second.
Q. What is a superman?—E. W.
A. Generally the term refers to an
ideal man. The word plays an impor
tant part in the philosophy of Nietzsche
who is responsible for its wide use.
Q Where did the tango originate?—
E. H.
A The dance originated with the
African Negroes.
Q. In what year was Anna Case, the
singer, married to Clarence Mackay?—
E. J.
A. Miss Case was married in July, 1931.
Q. What is the oldest tapestry?—W. R.
A. The earliest specimens of tapestry
which can be accurately dated were
found in the year 1903 in the tomb of
Thutmosis IV (1420-1411 B.C.l at Thebes.
They are now in the Cairo Museum.
There aee three small examples, woven
in colored linen threads.
Q. What is bathstone?—W. J.
A. It is a building stone used in Eng
land on account of its beauty and taken
from quarries in the Lower Oolite, in
Wiltshire and Somersetshire. Fine
grained and of a rich cream color, it is
composed of about 94'j per cent of car
bonate of lime and 21* per cent of car
bonate of magnesium.
Q. What statesman referred to a pcv
litical opponent as a sophisticated
rhetorician, inebriated with the exuber
ance of his own verbosity?—W. H.
A. Disraeli, in a speech in London on
July 27, 1878, referred to Gladstone in
those words.
Q. What are the "Pastoral Epistles?"
—S. C.
A. The title has been given to two
New Testament epistles purported to
have been written by St. Paul to Timothy
and one to Titus. They bear especially
upon church work and orders.
Q. How long have cross-word puzzles
been made?—E. M. W.
A. Puzzles similar to the cross-word
puzzles were known to the ancients.
What is believed by some authorities to
be the oldest cross-word puzzle was
made by a Cretan about 2.000 years ago,
a copy of which now lies in the archeo
logical museum at Johns Hopkins Uni
versity, Baltimore, Md. The puzzle is
called the Phaestus disk, and was found
on the Island of Crete by an expedition
many years ago. The first genuine cross
word puzzle of the modern type was com
posed by Arthur Winn and appeared in a
supplement of the Sunday New York
World on December 21, 1913.
Q. Who were the Petroleuse?—W. R.
A. This was a name given to the wom
en of the French Commune of 1871, be
cause they burned public buildings by
igniting petroleum.
Q. Is Queen Elizabeth of England of
royal birth?—C. W.
A. She is not. She is of noble birth,
the daughter of the Earl of Strathmore.
Q. When was Tuskegee Institute
founded?—M. V.
A. It was begun In 1881, In an old
church with 30 students, by Booker T.
Washington, a Negro teacher from
Hampton Institute. The same year the
Alabama Legislature passed an act per
mitting the establishment of a normal
school at Tuskegee and made an annual
appropriation of $2,000.
Q. How many school children were
furnished with lunches by the W. P. A.
last year?—E. J.
A. Approximately ' one million needy
children were benefited by the Works
Progress Administration school lunch
projects. Lunches were served dally in
19,000 schools.
A Tie Score
Prom the Burlincton Hawkeye Gazette.
Last spring labor was striking, and this
fall, according to some authorities, capi
tal is striking. The results are about the

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