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WEATHER. . .
(0. a. Weather Bureau Forecast.) Probably snow or rain tonight; tomor- rrn,- _ row generally fair; not much change in llie Only evening paper temperature; lowest tonight about 32 de- U1 Washington with the at 3 p.m.; lowest, 34, at 8:30 a.m.; 36 at ASSOCiated PreSS NeWS 10:30 am. Puu report on page A-2. and Wirephoto Services. Closing New York Markets, Page 22 _ _ ___ 85th YEAR. No. 34,183. gaaSSaSS.TS WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1937-SIXTY PAGES. *** m M..„. TWO CENTS. NEW GROUP-PLANS HEALTH UNIT HERE TO CARE FOR 5U Several Government Ex perts, Headed by Dr. Pear son, Will Meet Today. PROJECT WILL INVADE CONTROVERSIAL FIELD Proposed Co-operative System Is Separate From Body Opposed by Medical Society. ■ * BACKGROUND— Organization of Group Health Insurance, Inc., a few months ago to.serve employes of Federal Home U6an Bank Board agencies pre cipitated storm of criticism and praise. Chief Criticism comes from medical society on principle that development of "socialized med icine" programs will harm medical profession. By HAROLD B. ROGERS. Headed by Dr. Paul M. Pearson, former Governor of the Virgin Islands, a group of Government experts from several departments and establish ments plan to meet late this afternoon to consider preliminary plans to establish a “co-operative association for medical care," which might build up a membership of 40,000 or 5JI.000 persons. It would be separate from the em battled Group Health Association of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, now under fire from the District Med ical Society, but, according to one of the leaders of the movement, would be built along the general lines of G. H. A. The group to meet this afternoon is a special subcommittee of the Com mittee for Co-operative Medical Serv ice for Federal Employes.” It was formally organized last May as an outgrowth of several separate groups of Government people in different parts of the Federal service. Some of these groups, including that from the Department of Agriculture, have been studying the problem' for years. Enters Controversial Field. Coming in the midst of a hot battle over Group Health Association, the new project entered today a contro versial field which appeared bound to stir both strong support and strong opposition. Group Health Association is the sub ject of an inquiry now on at the office of Corporation Counsel Elwood H. Seal. Briefs have been submitted by the Medical Society, in opposition to G. H. A. and by officials of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board in its support. Mr. Seal has indicated that he is studying these briefs, with a view to deciding whether G. H. A. is a corpor ation engaged in the insurance busi ness, in which case it should be lic ensed as an insurance company, or whether it is a corporation engaging in the practice of medicine. If he de iv so wic lattci, mi. ucdi xiad indicated he will turn the problem over to District Attorney Leslie H. Gar nett. G. H. A. officials deny both charges, insisting that G. H. A. is a corporation licensed by the District of Columbia government engaged in selling "service.” Use of taxpayers money to finance G. H. A. has been attacked by both Senator McCarran of Nevada and Chairman King of the Senate District Committee. Several preliminary problems in volved in the prospective set-up of a new interdepartmental association for medical care were to be surveyed by the subcommittee of Government ex perts late today. The question of finances appears to be one of the up permost problems faced by the new movement, according to A. C. Ed wards, who is secretary of the com mittee. Finances Discussed. Several important persons have been consulted on this question of finance, Mr. Edwards explained, and there are encouraging Indications for establish ment of the new association and its clinic. Individual subscriptions to build up a substantial fund to launch the program may be one of the items considered. Generally, however, Mr. Edwards predicted: “I think we will work out a co-operative association for medical care along the lines of Group Health Association. It may take some time to do it.” « When it sits down to its task shortly after close of the Government business day, the subcommittee will have before it a mass of data, col lected from many sources, including the Department of Agriculture Com mittee, which has been studying the problem for about two years. The Agricultural group, Mr. Ed wards explained, has an official re • port, prepared by an expert hired by it some time ago. The expert made a study of the operation of the largest and most successful group clinics in fha rrvnnfrv Another Meeting Soon likely. If the special committee makes suf ficient progress in its consideration of the problem today, it was indicated by Mr. Edwards, a meeting of the whole Committee for Co-operative Medical Service for Federal Employes may be called some time in the near future, probably Saturday. In this group of the whole commit tee there are about 90 people, includ ing personnel directors of several Gov ernment departments and'establish ments. A few of them are: Miss Mary Anderson, director of the Woman’s Bureau, Department of Labor; Dr. Warner W. Stockberger, personnel di rector of the Department of Agricul ture; Theodore S. Wilson, Jr., person nel director of the Farm Credit Ad ministration; Morris Copeland, execu tive secretary of the Central Statistical Board; Otto S. Beyer, National Medi ation Board; John Carmody, rural electrification administrator, and many others. This is not the first time that the (See HEALTH, Page A-14.) * i Plans Announced by U. S. Unit For D. C. Public Health Survey Work Can Be Started as Soon as Com missioners Make “Official” Request, Dr. Draper Says. BY NELSON M. SHEPARD. The United States Public Health Service is prepared to make its sur vey of Washington's health conditions and medical services "just as thorough and extensive as the Commissioners desire," Acting Surg. • Gen. W. P. Draper said today. It was disclosed that the study or survey would be undertaken by Dr. Robert Olesen, assistant surgeon gen eral, with the co-operation of the States Relations division. Surg. Gen. Thomas Parran, Jr., who is in New York City, designated Dr. Olesen for the task before he left Washington late yesterday. According to Dr. Draper, the only thing that prevents the survey from being launched immediately is the ab sence of an official, written request from the Commissioners. This is form which guides the Public Health Serv ice in all surveys of the kind under taken at the request of States or mu nicipalities. Commissioner George E. Allen made a telephone request for such a survey in Washington yesterday morning and the Surgeon General responded fa vorably. As yet the request has not been received "officially.” it was said Mr. Allen was out of town today. Need Be No Delay. In conducting the survey. Dr. Draper made it clear that the Public Health Service would be guided en tirely in its scope by the wishes of the . Commissioners. "The personnel and • facilities are at hand and there need ; be no delay.” he explained i He indicated also that it probably i- - would cost the District government nothing. When the Public Health Service studies conditions in other cities, it was pointed out, office accommoda tions must be provided as well as traveling expenses and such other in cidentals. In Washington these needs do not exist. Dr. Parran will return to the city tomorrow, by which time it was ex pected the official "go” signal would be given. The length of the survey, Dr. Draper said, would be a matter of sev eral weeks or several months, de pendent entirely on how far the Com missioners wish matters inquired into. May Request Detailed Study. Until further information is re ceived on that point, of course, there is no telling whether the survey would extend to all hospitals receiving public funds or merely to Gallinger and the Glenn Dale Tuberculosis Hospital. The Commissioners may request a de tailed study of the entire Health De partment, all the medical services in the District, a study of sanitation and diseases. ”We can go as far as they wish,” Dr. Draper said. Dr. Parran indicated yesterday be fore his departure that he wished to pick up where the Preble report of 1929 left off. This was a study of the local Health Department, in which Dr. Parran participated personally. Some of the recommendations made in the 1929 report have been put into effect, including transfer to the Health (See 8URVKY, Page A-14.) SIGHT PARACHUTE NEAR CRASH SCENE Ground Parties’ Report Re vives Hopes for Survival of D. C. Flyer. Sighting of a parachute about a mile inland from the scene of last night’s naval airplane crash just off Virginia Beach gave hope today that at least one of two Navy flyers, one a resident of Washington, survived the accident. A report that flares had been seen early,today above a marshy area in land of the crash scene sent ground parties into the swamps. At H ajn., a report reached the naval base at Norfolk that ground parties had sighted a parachute on the shore of Fresh Pond, about a mile from the place where the airplane crashed into the surf. Working parties were strug gling toward the spot. The missing men are Aviation Cadet James J. Jones, 26, son of Judge George P. Jones, Special Assistant At torney General, who lives at the Broadmoor, 3601 Connecticut avenue N.W., and Troy Blanton, machinists’ mate, of Lafayette, Ala. After a night of searching and drag ging in the vicinity of the crash, just off Virginia Beach, a combined air, sea and land search was begun at dawn. The search ashore was started shortly after 8 a.m. today, according to an Associated Press dispatch from Norfolk, after a resident of Virginia Beach reported to the naval base that he had seen a series of rockets fired from the marsh at 6:50 a.m. Planes Aid in Search. Several trucks loaded with search ers left the base and Joined civilian parties at the marsh. Three Navy airplanes were assigned to aid in the search of shore and water areas. Credence was given to the rocket re port at the Navy Department, which explained that Very pistols are part oi me equipment oi ail Navy air planes on night flights and that frequently pilots carry the pistols strapped to their bodies. One wing and a part of the fuselage of the scouting plane washed ashore shortly after the forced landing at about 7 o’clock yesterday evening, and other sections of the airplane were cast ashore by breakers during the night. The occupants wore life jack ets which would have kept them afloat indefinitely. Cadet Jones and Machinists’ Mate Blanton were flying as part of a for mation sent out for night training from Bombing Squadron 5, attached t« the U. S. S. Yorktown, new Navy airplane carrier, now at the Norfolk Navy Yard. It is believed Cadet Jones was forced out of the formation by engine trouble at about 6:30 p.m. Residents of the Virginia Beach area reported hearing an airplane, apparently with motor trouble, and several eyewitnesses of the forced landing gave conflicting testimony as to the probable distance from shore of the landing. Because of the short interval between the crash and the beaching of wreckage, however, Navy officers believed the landing was made just outside the breakers. vsuuei; Junes oegan ms wavy train ing at the Anacostia Naval Air Station here about 14 months ago. After a month of “elimination” training here he was sent to Pensacola, Fla., for a year of flight and ground train ing. He then was assigned to the Yorktown for active duty. Cadet Jones starred in football and basket ball at the University of Mon tana from 1931 to 1933. He later at tended North Dakota State College, leaving there about two years ago to take a post here in the Treasury De partment. He resigned to enlist in naval aviation last year. The missing cadet’s father was notified of the accident by telegraph last night at Springfield, 111., where he has been engaged for several weeks as representative of the Justice De partment in a pending coal case. He was expected to arrive in Washington today. Cadet Jones’ brother John was taken to Norfolk today in a Navy airplane from the Anacostia Naval Air Station to aid in the search. I k SI. ELIZABETH'S FIDE PEI CITED Old Buildings Stressed in Report—Bed Shortage More Acute. Crowded conditions at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital, where a shortage of 440 beds is aggravated by the need of replacing 530 other beds in semi-permanent buildings "at once.” were cited in its annual report to Secretary of the In terior Ickes which. was made public today.for the first time. These semi-permanent buildings not only constitute a fire hazard, the re port emphasized, but the summer heat in them is almost unbearable. St. Elizabeth’s is one of the Gov ernment institutions in Washington that is due for an early administrative survey by the Budget Bureau, which already has gone carefully into its needs for the 1939 fiscal year. The report was compiled for the year ending June 30, last, and was submitted by Dr. Roscoe W. Hall, the then acting superintendent. In Octo ber, Dr. Winfred Overholser, a widely known authority in psychiatric fields, was appointed superintendent by Sec retary Ickes. New Building Needs Cited. "Conditions at St. Elizabeth’s are not so serious as they are at Gallinger but there are many improvements, espe cially new buildings, which should be provided,” Dr. Overholser commented. Dr. Overholser believed a survey made at St. Elizabeth’s would be help ful in calling attention to conditions .(See HOSPITAL, Page~A^T) GADSDEN DATA BULKY GADSDEN, Ala., Dec. 2 (/(>).—A voluminous record of testimony was in the hands of a National Labor Relations Board today for considera tion of charges of unfair labor prac tices against the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. of Alabama. Over 8,000 typewritten pages of testimony and several hundred pamphlets and other exhibits were included in the material. The hear ing was concluded late yesterday. It opened August 19. JAPANESE PLANES KILL INJURE 110 1,100 Houses in Hsiaoshan, Near Hangchow, Razed in Air Raid. SHANGHAI CONQUERORS PLAN VICTORY PARADE' Procession Through International Settlement Arranged Despite U. S.-British Protest. —i BACKGROUND— * Reports of Russian assistance to Chinese heard after conclusion of Russo-Chinese non-aggression paet in summer, but no concrete evi dence of armed help found until recently. Chinese air force inactive for more than month as Chinese troops have retreated before on slaughts of Japanese, first at Shanghai and subsequently along Yangtze River delta, along which legions of Nippon are advancing to capture Nanking. Ej the Associated Press. SHANGHAI, Dec. 2.—Chinese dis patches from Hangchow today said more than 1*000 civilians were killed and wounded in a Japanese air raid on Hsiaoshan. about 12 miles south east of Hangchow. Five hundred dead and wounded non-combatants were reported found in the ruins of buildings destroyed by Japanese incendiary bombs. Those buried in the wreckage were not im mediately extricated. .Scores were made homeless by the destruction of 1,100 houses in Hsiao shan. Chinese raid fo4T at Shanghai. Two. Chinese airplanes raided Jap anese positions at Shanghai earlier today in the first aerial attack by Chinese in more than a month. One bomb dropped near the former anchorage of the Japanese flagship Idzumo, near the Japanese consulate, but did no damage. Japanese said the Chinese planes operated at a height of 10,000 feet, successful^ evading pursuit craft. They declared, however, that in an air battle near or over Nanking six Japanese planes shot down 13 of China’s new Soviet-built airplanes. China was said to be massing a fleet of 300 Russian-built warplanes for a renewal of aerial attacks on Japan’s advancing armies. Meanwhile the Japanese conquerors of Shanghai made preparations for a victory parade through the Inter national Settlement tomorrow in de fiance of the Shanghai Municipal Council and the representatives of foreign governments. Municipal authorities received notice that six battalions of Japanese troops will march through the Settlement. The Shanghai Municipal Council told Japanese authorities that such a demonstration at this time is inad visable and tends to create dangerous incidents. Police planned to guard the line of march of the conquering invaders. Foreign observers, however, feared a possible hostile “incident” with armed Japanese parading through the streets of the city where nearly 3,000,000 Chinese live. Enters Through British Lines. The Japanese procession is to enter the Settlement through British defense lines and proceed along such well known streets as Nanking road. Bub bling Well road and the Shanghai Bund. Maj. Gen. A. P. D. Telfer-Smollet, commander of British forces, was un derstood to have ordered his troops to remove a portion of their defense bar ricades to permit passage of the parade and to salute the Japanese in accord ance with military custom. The tentative route indicated the parade would not pass through the American defense sector nor the French concession. It was learned that wherf the Jap anese approached French authorities concerning a similar parade through the French concession Saturday they were told the question was too serious (See SHANGHAI, Page A-ll.) Summary of Today's Star Page. Page. Amusements, Lost & Found D-4 A-18-19 Obituary_A-12 Christmas story, Radio.D-8 B-12 Society_B-3 Comics C-6-7 Sports_D-l-3 Editorials ..A-12 Woman’s Pg. B-19 Financial ...A-21 FOREIGN. Japanese kill, injure 1,000 Chinese civilians. Page A-1 Delbos leaves this evening on Central European tour. Page A-7 NATIONAL. McNary urges farm bill go back to committee. Page A-1 House leadership breaks wage-hour tyll deadlock. Page A-1 Jesse Jones terms new housing meas ure “sound.” Pfurp a.2 Eleven indicted in attack on bus driver. * Page A-2 Senate group asks Prof. Bdgerton to face quit Page A-2 Prank and Hanes may be named to Securities Commission. Page A-3 Strike on Greyhound bus lines is ended. Page A-3 Gov. Lehman orders Tammany boss to 1 answer Dewey’s charges. Page A-14 Telegraph companies face monopoly charges. Page A-2» WASHINGTON AND NEARBY. Plans for public health survey are announced. Page a-2 Formation of new co-operative medi cal group discussed. Page A-1 Report cites fire peril in Sf. Elizabeth’s old buildings. Page A-1 D. C. naval cadet missing off Virginia Beach. Page A-1 State seeks to establish robbery mo tive in Ross trial. Page A-1 32 individual Chest drives still in progress. Page A-4 Brookings report hits single civil serv Im administrator plan. Page B-l 1 w • Injunction to bar liquor sales in Co lumbia Heights. Page B-l Board of Examiners set-up hit by teachers’ union. Page B-l Transit company probe due in Janu ary. Page B-l Pole vaulting injury proves fatal to former C. U. athlete. Page B-l EDITORIAL AND COMMENT. Editorials. Page A-12 This and That. Page A-12 Answers to Questions. Page A-12 Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-12 David Lawrence. Page A-13 The Capital Parade. Page A-13 Mark Sullivan. Page A-13 Jay Franklin. Page A-13 Delia Pynchon. Page A-13 FINANCIAL. Federal bonds improve (table). Page A-21 Clearings slump. Page A-21 Inventories cut sharply. Page A-21 Stocks sell off (table). PageA-22 Pepco profits lag. Page A-22 Curb shares lower (table). PageA-23 SPORTS. Nats having tough time swinging good trade at meeting. PageD-1 Armstrong is rated greatest fighter in many years. Page D-2 East’s foot ball is declared on par with other sections. Page D-3 MISCELLANY. Shipping News. PageA-17 Bedtime Stories. Page B-8 Vital Statistics. Page B-l* Nature's Children. PageB-13 After Dark. Page B-14 City News in Brief. Page B-18 Dorothy Dtx. f Page B-19 Betsy Caswell. Page B-19 Cross-word Puzzle. Page C-8 Letter-Out. Page C-8 Winning Contract. . Page c*7 Men’s Fashions. Page D-4 A __SPEAKING OF CUTTING DOWN EXPENSES! 45 Drug Stores to Be Depots In Toy Collecting Campaign Making Gifts to Washington’s Needy Children to Be Easy as Well as Joyous Task. Forty-five drug stores in Washing ton will act as toy-collection agen cies during the Christmas campaign of The Star, Warner Bros.’ Theaters and the National Broadcasting Co., it was announced today. They are the District units of the Peoples Drug Store chain, which will co-operate in the drive with the Metropolitan Police, the Parent-Teacher Associar tion and the Federal employes. The drug stores' entrance into the drive was marked by a broadcast last night from the store at Eleventh and Q streets N.W., at which Thomas Burke, chief of the Specialties Division of the Bureau of Foreign and Do mestic Commerce and co-ordinator of the Government division of the Christmas campaign, outlined the program developed by him and his lieutenants as “an investment In the happiness of future America." During the broadcast over Station WMAL of the National Broadcasting Co. it was brought out that next Mon day a toy box will be placed in each of the 45 drug stores for the con venience of those eager to help the children who, though needy, look for Joy December 25. The toys collected in the boxes will be distributed through Warner Bros., the Parent Teacher Association and the police to those homes which otherwise on ' (See~Tdy CAMPAIGN, Page A-3.) LEWIS AND era IN PEACEPARLEY Rival Labor Leaders Meet in Effort to End Union War. BACKGROUND— ■ The American labor movement split in November, 1935. Since then it has grown to record strength in spite of its division, with both A. F. of L. and C. 1. O. claiming about 3,500,000 members. About six weeks ago, efforts to effect reconciliation were launched and conferences have been under way between special committees since that time. Little progress was made until Tuesday, when it was decided twA factional leaders should enter picture personally. BULLETIN. Peace negotiations between the A. P. of L. and the C. I. O. recessed at 1:30 p.m. until 4 o’clock. Emerg ing from the conference room John L. Lewis barked curtly: “General conversations—no con clusions.” Leaving the conference room a minute later, William Green said: “We held a satisfactory meeting and had a most interesting confer ence. We arrived at no conclu sions.” By JOHiq C. HENRY. John L. Lewis and William Green met across a conference table this morning for their first face-to-face effort in two years to bring unity’ to the American labor movement. Walking into a record barrage of newspaper and motion picture camera men, the two individuals most con spicuously identified with labor’s civil war arrived at the Willard Hotel within a few minutes of each other. Appearing first, Mr. Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, was accompanied by George M. Harri son, his colleague in this latest stage of negotiations. Declining to pose for photographers, both hurried imme diately into the conference room. About two minutes later, just before 11 o’clock, Mr. Lewis and Philip Mur ray, chairman and key official, re spectively, of the Committee on Indus trial Organisation, approached the room from a back corridor. Both stopped while their pictures were taken. Senator Berry Arrives. Scarcely had the principals of the conference met when Senator Berry, Democrat, of Tennessee, long prom inent in the labor movement, arrived at the hotel and hurried into the con ference suite. Emerging within a few minutes, the Senator said: “I’m very much interested in seeing this internal discord in labor’s house composed and to express my hope thy* the matter will be adjusted. Continu ation of this strife not only affects in dustry and labor, but actually endan gers the Nation. I called' merely to pay my respects to the conferees.” It was learnec) that Senator - Berry visited the conference on his own initiative and did not actually see the four negotiators during his brief stop at the hotel. Anxiously watching developments of | (See LABOR, Page A-4.) ’ A _ E State Seeks to Establish Robbery Motive in David son Killing. bulletin. STAFFORD COURT HOUSE, December 2.—The State rested to day after attempting to establish a robbery motive against' Walter L. Ross at his trial here on a charge of murdering Elmer J. Davidson. The defense announced Ross probably will go on the stand this afternoon. By W. H. SHIPPER, Jr., Staff Correspondent ot The Star. STAFFpRD COURT HOUSE, Va., Dec. 2.—The State moved swiftly to day to establish a robbery motive against Walter L. Ross, 17-year-old marine, on trial here on a charge of murdering Elmer J. Davidson, 82, well-to-do Washington attorney. Harry Klotzman, Baltimore pawn broker, identified Floss in court as the man who pawned a man’s white metal wrist watch at his place on the night of October 6. Assistant Commonwealth Attorney W. W. Butzner told the court he will attempt to show the watch was Da vidson’s. FClotzman said he later was taken to Alexandria by Sergt. E. J. McDer mott of the Virginia State police and in a jail there identified Ross in a line-up as the man who had pawned the watch for $8. Questioned by Judge Frederick W. Coleman. FClotzman said the watch was redeemed several weeks after it was pawned by a person of whom he had no record or recollection. The State brought out. through testimony of Edward Oreen, Mont gomery County jeweler, who had re paired Davidson's watch several times, that the numbers of the watch pawned in Baltimore corresponded with those in the wrist watch of David son. Earlier, Lt. John M. Fowler, bal listics expert of the Washington police force, testified that a bullet taken from Davidson’s brain had been fired (See ROSS7 Page A-4 ) ■ REVISE FARM BILL, M’NARY PROPOSES Redrafting Along Lines Sug gested by Wallace Urged by Senator. BACKGROUND— When Congress left Washington last, summer it , was pledged to make farm-aid legislation its first major objective on returning. Through recess, Senate committee studied problem, but no bill was ready when Congress returned last month. After week of frenzied ef fort. bill teas drafted and is now ready for consideration despite much criticism of its provisions. By the Associated Press, Senator McNary of Oregon, the Re publican leader, asked the Senate to day to send the Pope-McGill farm bill back to the Agriculture Committee for redrafting along lines suggested by Secretary of Agriculture Wallace. Senator McNary made the proposal after Mr. Wallace’s letter to the authors of the bill. Senators Pope, Democrat, of Idaho, and McGill, Dem ocrat, of Kansas, was read to the Senate at the Republican leader's re quest. rux; we \aj luuuw uie recommenaa tions of the Secretary of Agriculture?" Senator McNary asked. "If so, it cannot be done well on the floor of the Senate; it must go back to com mittee.” Senator McNary forecast that if the bill was passed in its present form it would be vetoed by President Roose velt “for two reasons.” The bill would cost more to admin ister. Senator McNary said, than the President had indicated he would ap prove. He added that the President also had called for voluntary control with “no coercion." Mr. Wallace's criticism prompted Majority Leader Barkley to revise his predictions that the measure would be enacted this week. Senator Barkley clung to his de mand, however, that the Senate begin considering a score of amendments to the measure, which it has been debat ing for nearly two weeks. Secretary Wallace declared in a letter yesterday to Senators Pope and McGill that the Senate bill does not safeguard consumers against high pnces and might lead to further losses in the export market. The legislation as it stands he said, fails to provide sufficiently large reserves of wheat and corn for the ‘ever-normal granary” which he has advocated. Describing the measure as “more restrictive than necessary,” he said it would result in frequent imposition of marketing quotas. The cabinet member asserted that several provisions would tend to raise prices of cotton and wheat far above (See FARM, Page A-14.f~ King George Braves Flood. TAUNTON, England, Dec. 2 (JP)._ Flood waters went over the running boards of King George’s automobile today, the second of his tour of the royal Cornwall estates. First reigning monarch to visit Cornwall in three centuries, the King visited the royal farms and saw his cows milked mechanically. For a Happier Christmas— Secretary of Commerce Indorses The Star’s Campaign “It affords me great pleasure to again commend The 8tar-Warner Bros.-N. B. C. Christmas Toy Cam paign. Christmas would lose its most vitalizing force if we fail to endeavor to make children happy on that occa sion. The Christmas, spirit has long , captivated the imagination and sat isfied the charitable spirit of our American people. May we never lose it! “Many thanks to The Washing ton Star for its Christmas Toy Cam paign and may its promoters be en couraged by the thought that they are rendering the community a distinct service. “DANIEL C. ROPER, “Secretary of Commerce." - ft WAGE BILL FREED FROM COMMITTEE BY BOUSE PETITION Needed Signatures Assure Its Being Considered Dur ing Next Week. MANSFIELD OF TEXAS • LAST TO AFFIX NAME Fish Charges “Everything Except “Capital” Was Swapped—Move for Inquiry Blocked. BALKLrKUUND— Wage-and-hour legislation, spon sored by administration, was blocked in last session of Congress by faction of House Rules Commit tee. This fall, it was listed as one of four measures desired during special session, but opposition group still blocks consideration. Re sorting to petition method to bring bill from committee, friends of measure are nearing number re quired. By the Associated Press. The House leadership broke the pro longed deadlock over wage-and-hour legislation today when the 218th mem ber signed a petition to force a vote on the measure by mid-December. Representative Mansfield. Democrat, of Texas rolled up on his wheel chair to be the gnal signer, amid a roar of cheers. Just before Mr. Mansfield put down his name, Representative Smith, Dem ocrat, of West Virginia had jotted down his signature—No. 217. They were preceded by Represent ative Connery. Democrat, of Massa chusetts, brother of the late William P. Connery’, co-author of the w’age hour bill; Representative Kennedy, Gambrill and Goldsborough, all Mary land Democrats, and Champion, Democrat, of Illinois. Before the final signature, the House heard a Republican demand for in vestigation of statements that backers of the bill “swapped everything but the Capitol’’ to insure a vote on it at the special session. Fish Asks Inquiry. Representative Fish, Republican, of New York, asked for the Inquiry be cause. he said, of statements attributed to Representative Dies, Democrat, of Texas, a leading opponent of the waffp-hmir hill a.nri R^nw»«pntatk’o Robertson, Democrat, of Virginia. As soon as the Kish inquiry resolu tion was read in the House Majority Leader Rayburn asked that it be ta bled, but the New Yorker objected anc! forced a roll call. The vote to table was 281 to 94. After the petition was completed, Chairman Norton of the Labor Com mittee and other backers of the bill pressed up to shake the hands of Rep resentative Mansfield, who for many years has been forced by illness to use a wheel chair. It was minutes before the House calmed down. Sponsors of the measure, with suc cess in sight, had soft-pedaled their talk of removing cotton provisions from the crop-control bill. They had threatened such action unless South ern Representatives helped get the wage-hour bill to the floor. Few Southerners Sign. A few Southerners were among the members who added their names to the petition yesterday. Most legislators from that region, however, have op posed the bill on the ground it would harm industry in the South by re moving North-South wage differen tials. Representative Martin, Republican, of Massachusetts, assistant minority leader, said completion of the peti tion would be the signal for attempts to keep out any such differentials after the bill reaches the floor. Even if the House should pass the measure there was no assurance it would get to the White House before the special session ends during Christ mas week. The Senate passed a wage hour bill last summer and differences between the two measures would have to be composed. This might be a long process. Neither was there assurance that any of President Roosevelt's other rec ommendations could be enacted dur ing the brief session. Wallace Is Critical. The Senate farm bill, on which leaders had pinned their chief hopes for a concrete accomplishment, was criticized by Secretary Wallace. He wrote Senators Pope, Democrat, of Idaho and McGill, Democrat, of Kan sas that it would not safeguard con sumers against high prices and might lessen export marketing. The House got down to considera tion of amendments to its own farm bill after three days of general debate. Leaders forecast the measure would pass by the end of the week, marking the first final vote in either House on any of the President’s recom mendations. A compromise will have to be worked out between House and Senate measures. Completion of farm debate might clear the way for House action next week on housing legislation, if the committee can get it ready in time. Possibility of Senate action on hous ing, however, was clouded by the fili buster expected on the anti-lynching bill after disposal of the farm bill. Senator Van Nuys, Democrat, of Indiana, co-author of the anti-lynch ing bill, said he would oppose laying it aside to consider the housing bill or anything else. Efforts to act during the special ses sion on President Roosevelt’s other recommendations—Government reor ganization. regional planning and re duction in road appropriations—vir tually had been abandoned by con gressional chieftains. Administration spokesmen also said there was no chance for revision of corporate taxes before the regular ses sion beginning in January. A House subcommittee was working daily, however, with a view to making it the first order of business at that time. A.