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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 02, 1937, Image 31

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1937-12-02/ed-1/seq-31/

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Shale at Gettysburg Reveals
Valuable Clues on Dinosaurs
Dr. C. W. Gilmore, curator of vertebrate paleontology, is
shown pointing to the footprint which is said to have been
made 190,000,000 years ago. —Star Staff Photo.
A 180,000,000 - year - old dinosaur
pasture within a few miles of
the Gettysburg battlefield has
just been investigated by
Smithsonian Institution paleontolo
Here, presumably on the mud-cov
ered shore of an ancient lake, some
of the earliest known of these fantastic
reptiles left five-toe footprints. The
mud became, in the course of millions
of years, the Gettysburg shale of
This summer rock was being quar
ried for a bridge on the battlefield.
The quarrymen called the attention of
the footprints they uncovered to El
mer R. Haile, Department of Agricul
ture engineer, who recognized them as
dinosaur tracks, and now is at work
on a scientific description of them.
Some of the choicest slabs have been
deposited in the United States National
f- ^ -
Museum. Othen have been distributed
to other paleontological museums.
Dawn of Reptile Age.
The footprints date from the Trias
sic geological period, the beginning of
the age of reptiles. Here the first
creatures which can definitely be iden
tified from their fossil remains as dino
saurs made their appearance. They
were of all sizes from a chicken to a
horse. The monsters of the dinosaur
race, the largest animals ever to appear
on earth, were a few millions of years
in the future.
The tracks near Gettysburg are
from a half inch to six Inches in
length. ,The longest stride is approxi
mately 30 inches, indicating an animal
about the size of a man. The creatures
were more primitive and generalized
than the later dinosaurs, says Dr.
Charles W. Gilmore, Smithsonian In
ititutlon paleontologist, but were in
every respect perfect dinosaurs.
Appeared Suddenly.
This constitutes one of the paradoxes
pf paleontology. Like man himself,
he dinosaur race seems to have ap
peared on earth almost fully developed.
It has no know ancestry. In the
Permian geological period which pre
cedes the Triasslc by a few million
years, only quite questionable dinosaur
remains have been found. Abundant
were the great amphibians, giant fore
•unners of the toads and frogs of to
lay. Unquestionably the dinosaurs
were derived from them in some way,
nit the intermediate steps are almost
jompletely lost. Yet, Mr. Gilmore
points out, it must have taken millions
>f years of evolution to have made
such a perfectly good reptile as a
linosaur out of an amphibian.
The Gettysburg dinosaurs seem to
lave been lords of all they surveyed.
Some rather amomalous footprints in
he Gettysburg shale indicate that
some small creatures of another reptile
Family may have lived among them.
No traces of vegetable life have been
Found in the shale, yet it is reasonable
So believe that it must have been there.
n»e dinosaurs ordinarily were bipeds,
walking upright on their hind legs and
cerhaps roughly comparable to kanga
roos. In Triasslc beds elsewhere, tracks
}f the front limbs of the animals are
Found only rarely.
Show Traces of Claws.
At Gettysburg, however, the reptiles
seem to have been engaged in leisurely
feeding. They often dropped fore
ward so that their front feet were im
pressed in the mud. Most of the front
feet tracks show traces of claws. Their
makers very probably were flesh
eaters, perhaps grabbing their living
prey from the lake shore ooze. But
some show no evidence of claws. They
may have been plant browsers, the
forerunners of the herbage-eating
dinosaurs which developed into the
titans of the race.
Altogether about 150 tracks have
been found in the shale. Also the rock
bears traces of ancient raindrops fall
ing on the soft mud and many water
ripple marks are found. There are
also sun cracks, made when the mud
became baked hard under the hot sun
of 180,000,000 years ago. The area
appears to have been intermittently
The find constitutes an important
addition to early dinosaur material.
Other important Triassic sites are in
the Connecticut Valley and in Loudoun
County, Va„ where a porch at Oak
Hill, former home of President James
Monroe, is floored with slabs contain
ing dinosaur tracks.
~ Welcomes Jail.
CHESTER, 111., Dec. 3 (JP.—Re
marking that “conditions on the out
side are terrible, I’m sure glad to be
back," John Ketchmark surrendered
at the Southern Illinois prison yester
day and told a story of wandering
I. ..-■_ «
since he walked away from the prison
quarry in March, 1920.
Warden Joseph Montgomery said
Ketchmark, nor 52, must serve seven
more years to complete his sentence
for burglary and larceny.
Emporium of Pets, Inc.
712 12th St. N.W.
Beautiful Hendryx cage and
stand with singing male
canary. Stand and cages in
merry colors.
A Deposit Will Reserve a
Bird & Cage Until Xmas
Love Birds—Green
Parrakeets_5.00 pr.
Love Birds—Yellow
Parrakeets_6.00 pr.
Love Birds—Blue
Parrakeets_7.00 pr.
European Goldfinches, 5.50 ea.
Venezuela Red Siskin
Mules-20.00 ea.
Double Yellow Head f
Parrots -25.00 up I
African Grey
Parrots-75.00 ea.
Puppies of all kinds__7.50 up „ , MEt. 7113
Persian Kittens-5.00 up WeDAW^rVr^?"*
IT -—1—ssssssss—
From Biggs Old-Fashioned
At Savings Up to 20%
There is no gift more appreciated than a desk with
spacious drawers. The beautiful lines and fine work
manship in this solid mahogany Queen Anne Desk by
Biggs will make it doubly appreciated. Regular price
$172.50. Special Christmas Price $142.50.
Foot Stools, solid mahogany frames_$4.50 to $17.50
Solid Mahogany End Tables_ 9.00 to 45.00
Occasional Chairs_ 30.00 to 135.00
Drop-Leaf Tables- 49.50 to 150l00
Mirrors- 22.50 to 150.00
Brass Candlesticks- 2.25 to 20.00
Coffee Tables- 20.00 to 30.00
Candelabra with cut crystal prisms_ 27.50 to 35.00 pr.
Reproduction Sheffield Chop Dishes_10.50 to 25.00 '
And dozens of other Gifts of permanent beauty and
value that will be appreciated throughout
the years to come,
There is no time like the present and no
Finer Present than a Biggs Reproduction.
Convenient Terms May Be Arranged
Connecticut BIGGS
Gift Furniture
from Henderson I
At Moderate Prices
J.JERE at HENDERSON'S you will find a great va
riety of Tables, Chairs and Lamps and a choice
selection of Bedroom, Dining Room and Living Room
Suites that will make ideal Christmas Gifts.
Two Good Examples:
A lovely Duncan
Come in Now and Make Your Selection—
Purchases Will Be Held for Future Delivery
James B. Henderson
-1108 G St. N.W.- j
Au Revoir
December I
To April I, 1938 i
When in Florida
Visit Olney Inn
Miami Beach
1045 Dade Blvd.
Our First
Distinctive fashions
Drastically reduced
14 Dresses, were $19.95 to
$25 (misiet only) &Q
lilkt and wools; choice., t'
10 Dreuei, were $19.95 to
$29.75 (miiiet only), £ I A
now reduced to_T * •
A group of Better Dreuei for
merly $29.75 and up; now
Vk to Vi off
All Cottume Suits, were $59.75
I to $495
at Vi off
Connecticut at Calvert
- --—— ■
1Spurt Keep a paekaga -
Ready* handy in
. you’ll yaui refrigerates «
Inc., Distributor.
• z
and other Higher-Priced Shirts I
Usually 1.65 to 1.95
• Celanese lined non-wilt
or soft collars!
• Some have extra button
on the sleeve facing! *
• Some have convenient
hanger on the yoke! ,
• *
E all know good shirts are not made over night. It takes
years of patient guidance and painstaking care to develop
any shirt to a resonable degree of quality. It took 60 years i
to develop the IMPERIAL SHIRT!
For years stores everywhere have approached this" famous house for
permission to place their shirts on sale below their standard prices
and advertise the name. Thumbs down has usually been the case.
Now Lansburgh’s does what was almost impossible before! But only
because the makers found they had over-produced . . . had more
shirts on their shelves, at the height of the season, than they could
use. We stepped in and purchased a large quantity. The same
shirts that would have gone into exclusive men’s shops all over the
country to sell at 1.65 and 1.95.\ Tomorrow come, to Lansburgh’s
with the biggest Christmas list you ever prepared! When you see
them you’re going to want these shirts by the half dozen . . . yes,
even bvthe dozen! Sizes 14 to 17 i
These Fine Fabrics
• Fancy woven broadcloths, light or
dark grounds.
• Fancy woven madrases, light or dark
* • White on white Dobby broadcloth.
• Heather tones in end-to-end madrases,
• Lustrous white broadcloth.
• Fast color—printed fabrics.
Three Collar Styles
1. Soft built-up collars
2. Celanese Rayon lined
non-wilt collars
3. British style tab collars
Lamburgh’*—Modernized Men’* Shop—Street Floor

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