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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 03, 1937, Image 15

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1937-12-03/ed-1/seq-15/

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Association Poll Favors
Vandenberg Amendment
Sf the Associated Press.
• CHICAGO, Dec, 3.—The American
Bar Association announced last night
Its members, in a Nation-wide ref
erendum. voted. 7,(113 to 6,126. In favor
of » child labor amendment to tile
The referendum, taken on five sub
mitted questions, attracted 14,388 bal
lots. about half the association’s mem
bership of 29,616.
The association's Board of Elections
reported the 7,513 answered "yes" to
this question:
"Should the conditions produced by
the labor of children be dealt with by
an amendment to the Constitution of
the United States, granting to the
Congress power as defined In such
Oppose 1924 Amendment.
The association’s opposition to the
child laoor amendment submitted to
the States in 1924 and unratlfled was
approved by a vote of 10.840 to 2.743.
The 1934 proposed amendment pro
vided that Congress could regulate and
prohibit the labor of persons under 1>
years of age.
The board reported members
showed a preference for the proposed
Vandenberg amendment? Instead of
the 1924 proposal, by a vote of 11,254
to 1,797. The question prescribed the
Vandenberg amendment as giving
Congress "power to limit and prohibit
the employment for hire of persons
under 16 years of age, etc.”
On the fourth question, whether
members favored ratification of the
Vandenberg amendment, the vote was:
Yes, 7,729; no, 5,777.
The enactment of the Wheeler
Johnson bill in its present form was
' disapproved by a margin of only 560
The vote wm 6,847 for enactment and
6,907 against it.
Results Interpreted.
A statement issued by the associa
tion said “the results of the vote on
the five questions, taken together, may
be regarded as denoting and ex
pressing the preference of lawyers for
the amendment method of orderly
constitutional change, rather than the
impairment of constitutional limita
tions by reconstituting the courts or
by judicial reinterpretation under
’ pressure from the other branches of
Government.” •
Last March the association reported
its membership voted 16,132 to 2,563
against President Roosevelt’s proposal
to reorganise the Supreme Court.
Flood of Letters Suggest
Possible Ways of Expend
ing- $1,200,000.
Bj the Associated Press.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Dec. 3—A
rising stack of mall today bore wit
ness to the interest of hundreds
throughout the Nation in a punier
facing Harvard University's official
family—disposition of the Nieman
Fund for Better Journalism.
Stacks of letters from all sections
of the country, containing a variety
of suggestions for the use of 11,200,000,
are flooding the university. They
came closely upon word that the will
of Mrs. Agnes Wahl Nieman, widow
of Lucius W. Nieman, founder of the
Milwaukee Journal, had cleared the
Mrs. Nieman left the bulk of her
estate, once estimated at about $$,
000,000, to Harvard. After payments
of various taxes, Harvard officials
said they would finally be given ap
proximately $1,200,000. Of this more
than $700,000 already has been re
One proposal with a flock of ad
herents called for fellowships for col
lege graduates who have shown ai
interest in some phase of Journalism
Other circles have advocated a Har
vard school of Journalism, but Har
vard officially frowned on that idei
shortly after the will was made publi
in February, 1936, a few days afte
Mrs. Nieman died. Her husband die<
in October, 1935.
Other proposals being discussed li
Harvard circles favored a separat
undergraduate department in the ool
lege, price awards similar to th
Pulitser prises or establishment of
department for research into som
element of Journalism.
Harvard officials declined to com
ment on the discussion, except t
say no decision would be reache
for several months, probably not until
next spring. They have said they
i welcomed suggestions, however.
Mrs. Nleman asked In her will that
■ the bequest be known as the "Lucius
■ W. Nleman and Agnes Wahl- Nleman
i Fund.” She specified that it be used
: to "promote and elevate the standards
■ of journalism In the United States and
I educate persons deemed especially
qualified for journalism.’’
i The university was given "broad
» est discretion" in the application of
. the fund. ,
e The will provided lor awards of
k prizes to writers or students or to
e newspapers or magazines and for es
tablishment of scholarships, fellow
- ships or other stipends to aid persons
5 deemed epecially qualified for Jour
II nalism.
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