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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 03, 1937, Image 4

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McKellar Measure Assailet
by Merit System’s
la two strongly worded minorlt
reports. Senate advocate* of the mcrl
■yatem for postmasters today de
nounced the McKellar bill, now await
lng Senate action. While authorlz
Ing civil service examinations, i
retains the four-year limit on term
and confirmation of appointees b
the Senate.
One report, filed by Senator
O'Mahoney, Wyoming, and Logan
Kentucky, Democrats, and La Fol
lette. Progressive,'of Wisconsin, de
dared the pending bill and the alter
natives favored by the minority "rep
resent a clear-cut issue between th
patronage system on the one han
and the merit system on the other.
A separate minority report by Sen
ator Bridges. Republican, of Net
Hampshire, asserted the McKellar bll
“will again saddle the Post Offici
Department with the spoils system
It 1* merely a perpetuation of thi
patronage method and spoils systen
at its worst."
Favors Rams peck Bill.
Although the McKellar bUl Is on th
calendar with a favorable report fron
the majority of the Poet Office Com
mittee, when it is taken up th
minority group is expected to make i
fight to substitute the Ramspeck bill
already passed by the House, placini
postmasters under civil service am
doing away with the four-year liml
and Senate confirmation.
"The theory that members of Con
greRs should be permitted to appoln
postmasters is in violation of our eon
atitutional system,” one of the minorit;
reports declared. It had reference t<
the system of allowing members o
the House to recommend appointee,
for postmasterships except that mem
bers of the Senate should have th
right to name postmasters in thei
home cities.
Individual Opportunity.
Referring to the opportunity unde
the minority bill for clerks in th'
postal service to work their way up b;
promotion to the rank of postonastei
the O’Mahoney-Logan-La Follette re
port declared that every employe wh
enters the postal service "should fee
that by diligence and ability he couli
obtain a postmastership."
The same report emphasized tha
President Roosevelt has given proo
of his desire for civil service method
of appointment by the executive orde
he issued last year extending th
merit system to selection to first, sec
ond and third class postmasters afta
Congress had failed to pass pendln
civil service bills. Although the ex
ecut.ive order established the meri
system of selection, action will be nec
essary by Congress to do away wit!
the remaining features of four-yea
limit on service and Senate confirma
--- --
Two Men. First Arrested Her
Under New Law, Enter Pleas
of Not Guilty.
The first two men arrested in Wash
lngton under the new law making it i
Federal offense to use ‘'sluga"in i
public telephone demanded a jur;
trial and were released on *1,000 bom
each when arraigned in Police Cour
today before Judge Edward M. Curran
Both pleaded not guilty.
The men—John M. Murphy, 51, a
the 300 block of V street N.W., am
Anthony Willgoose, 63, of the 110<
block of M street N.W.—were arrestee
by Detective Sergt. J. K. Baker yes
terdav on the tip of a quick-wittec
telephone operator.
Callers are required to place thi
foins in the phone box prior to beinf
-plugged in” with their long-distanw
connection and the operator detectec
the false ring of the slugs and callec
Detective Baker sped to the seem
and arrested Murphy as he left thi
booth. The slugs then were releasee
by the operator. Willgoose was stand'
tng outside the booth, Detective Bakei
— —-• ---
Former Premier Dies.
BRUSSELS. Dec. 3 (A*).—Viscoun
Prosper de Poullet, former premlei
and leader of the Catholic Democratli
party, died today at Louvain. He wai
premier of the Socialist Catholii
coalition cabinet in 1925 and latei
represented Belgium at Geneva. Hi
was a prominent international jurist
Fined $2
18-year-old messenger, who
today forfeited the 82 collat
eral he posted yesterday
after Policeman E. A. Horsley
arrested him for riding his
bicycle the wrong way on a
one-way street. The youth,
who lives at 334 Twelfth
street S.E., was on his way
to answer a call for a mes
senger. -Star Staff Photo.
Center of Adoption Fight
r Four-year-old Shirley Jean Clements gets a hug from her
[ foster mother. Mrs. Minnie Clements. Her real mother. Mrs.
Elizabeth Matthis. 24 (inset), asked a Cincinnati court to restore
custody of the child to her, charging she was induced by fraud
to give her up. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephotos.
1 i
; Marines
;_(Continued FYom FMrst Page.)
’ Municipal Council was to undertake
, to deal with the incident itself, ac
! cording to this agreement.
As a precaution against possible
Japanese invasion, FYench troops
were placing sandbag redoubts and
r barbed wire barriers in the Siccawei
• Creek area, dividing the FYench con
r cession from Nantao, occupied by Jap
, anese.
Price reminded the Japanese com- !
> mander that Japanese troops had ad
11 vanced three blocks into the American
l : defended sector, which could not be
i tolerated.
t Japanese Express Regret.
f I In a spirited interview, the Japan
s; ese officer assured Price that he had
r been unaware hts forces had marched
S within the American sector. He ex
■ pressed regret and ordered his troops
r to withdraw. He also ordered removal
? of barbed-wire barricades as far as
-1 Yuyaching road.
i A Japanese spokesman disclosed that
- ' Japanese had decided as a result of
i today's incident to cancel a second
r parade, planned for tomorrow. The
. line of march would have been
through the French Concession.
The spokesman disclosed that French
had told Japanese it was against con
cession ordinances to allow armed
■ troops to march through their streets.
. He said today’s procession had been
• ordered by Gen. Matsui.
He added that the Shanghai Mu
nicipal Council •'undoubtedly will .not
, attempt to avoid responsibility” for
today's Incident.
Hundreds of Japanese troops were
marching along Nanking road, in the
heart of the Settlement, when the
• bomb exploded in their midst. Those
i near the explosion broke ranks im
i mediately, taking cover in doorways
r of the rich department store section.
Frightened Chinese civilians stam
peded. A rifle cracked. Japanese
. troops rushed to the spot where the
rifle was flred and found that an
' excited Japanese soldier had dis
[ charged his gun.
Bayonets gleaming, the brown war
riors of Japan surrounded the dis
trict. Order was restored. The pa
rade re-formed. The bomb exploded
shortly before 1 p.m. and by 2 p.m.
. the last Japanese marchers had
passed over Garden Bridge to the
, Japanese area of the city.
Japanese Civilians Retire.
; Hundreds of Japanese civilians who
had crossed into the heart of the
. Settlement to see the victors parade
, before the vanquished streamed back
into Japanse Hongkew.
Back on Nanking road, Japanese
opened an inquest over the sheeted
body of the bomb thrower. Grim
officers declared the edad man was
a young, fanataical student. They
stood in the middle of the street,
only a short distance from the Sincere
and Wing On department stores
where hundreds were killed by bombs
, August 23.
! While the conquerors paraded, the
war went on. Chinese asserted their
troops still held Kiangyln forts, the
Yangtze River barrier Japanese must
take in order to bombard Nanking
from naval vessels.
• Under State Department orders,
the American Embassy issued writ
ten warning to all Americans to
leave Nanking as soon as possible
and proceed up the Yangtze to a
place of greater safety. Remaining
Americans were asked whether they
desired to take refuge aboard the
gunboat Panay when the Embassy
so advises, "probably withing the
next few days.”
The Kiangyin forts, Chinese said,
held out despite the hammering of
more than 2.000 shells from Japanese
warships. Chinese also reported that
their troops were advancing in a
counter-attack south of Lake Tai.
Japanese Army spokesmen claimed no
Deny Loss of Planes.
Chinese denied Japanese asertions
that 13 Chinese planes were shot
down at Nanking yesterday. They
said Chinese anti-aircraft guns de
stroyed four Japanese craft.
When Japanese troops took charge
of Nanking road for two blocks on
either aide of the Sincere store they
stopped all traffic and treated rough
ly several photographers and report
ers. Revolvers In their hands, they
pushed back settlement police as well
as civilians.
Officially, the Japanese described
the parade as a transfer of troops
from the Jessfield Park to Hongkew
areas. Japanese officers, however, said
the march was symbolic of Japanese
fonquests and Japanese might.
They said the planes were not be
ing transferred, but added it was
necessary to have them in the air
because of a Chinese attempt to bomb
Japanese positions yesterday.
Before the parade started, British,
Sikh and Chinese police lined the
route. Patrol cars were stationed at
A truckload of infantrymen, with
machine guns mounted, led the pro*
cession. Next came a long line of
automobiles bearing high Japanese
officers. Companies of infantry and
machine gun detachments followed.
When the parade passed the British
outpost a squad of British troops pre
sented arms in accordance with usual
military custom.
Blocks Japanese
* Continued From First Page.)
could not actually direct farmers’ ac
"Let's get over this fool idea that
the farmers of the United States
don’t know how to run their farms,”
Senator Borah shouted In reply, strid
ing back and forth behind his desk.
"They are the best farmers on the
face of the earth.
"They know what to produce, how
to produce, and when to produce. I
don’t propose to put over them some
body who knows nothing about farm
Senate veterans said the farm bill
attack was one of the longest
speeches Senator Borah had made on
the Senate floor In years. It lasted
1 hour and 30 minutes. Senators on
the Republican side turned their
chairs toward him in a semi-circle to
House Debate Begun.
House debate began with a general
discussion of suggestions that Con
gress fix a maximum amount for soil
conservation payments.
Representative Andersen, Repub
lican, of Minnesota proposed to limit
the individual farmer's benefits to
*5,000 annually. Representative Pat
man, Democrat, of Texas suggested a
*10,000 maximum. They agreed finally
on a limit of *7,500 and the House
accepted that figure.
The Boileau amendment In the
House would withhold Federal benefits
from farmers who planted dairy feeds
on acreage withdrawn from cultiva
tion under terms of the farm bill. The
amendment will come un for a second
vote just before the House ballots on
the complete measure.
Representative Jones said Congress
has no intention of upsetting the dairy
Industry by turning cotton fields into
row pastures, Representative Boileau’s
amendment is “too strong,” he said.
The House adopted another amend
ment, governing acreage allotments
for newcomers in the cptton raising
business, as it inched the farm bill
along. Sixteen amendments were of
fered during consideration of the first
eight pages of the 86-page measure.
The Senate, making even slower
progress, heard arguments against
Secretary Wallace's criticism of de
tails of its “ever-normal" granary
“I like Secretary fWallace,” said
Senator Bankhead, Democrat, of Ala
bama. “He's a fine nan. I think he
is sincere. But I don't think he knows
anything about cotton.”
Swing is declared to be “the thing”
for London dancers this winter.
Daladier Rejects Request
for Reduction in Two-'
Year Service.
Br the Associated Press.
PARIS, Dec. 3.—The French Cham
ber of Deputies by unanimous vote
today approved the 1938 army budget
after the minister of national de
fense, Edouard Daladier, flatly re
jected a Communist request for re
duction pf the two-year compulsory
military service.
The regular 1938 budget credits
8,628,942,143 francs (about *218,755,
090) to the army, leaving more than
8.530,000 francs (about $183,150,
C00) additional In the extraordinary
budget for later Chamber approval.
A number of credits were trans
ferred to the extraordinary budget
before passage of the regular budget.
Without these transfers the regular
budget would have run around 7,373,
737,136 francs (about 8243,333,325).
Powder Factories Funded.
The Chamber, after a brief ad
journment, adopted special budget
credits of 1,121,936,140 francs (about
*37,023,892) for state powder fac
tories and 182,000,000 francs, about
16,006,0001 for the budget to the Le
gion of Honor.
These allotments, by show of hands,
brought total credits for the army
ministry under the regular 1938 budget
to 7.932,878.285 francs (about $261,
784.983 c
The ordinary budget allotment, to
the army for 1937 was 6,531,373,054
francs (about *216,195.310), while the
armv extraordinary budget totaled
4,413,496,710 francs (about *145,645,
Reduction Held Impossible.
In rejecting the Communist request
lor a reduction in France’s two-year
military service system, Daladier said !
it was ■‘impossible.”
The defense minister told the
crowded Chamber that 387,000 soldiers
of France face 1,000.000 men on the
northeast (Germany) and 300,000 on
the southeast (Italy).
Daladier. confronted with attacks
from the Extreme Left and Right on
his direction of France's defenses, rose
to review the nation's position in re
armed Europe.
Rightists charged that nationaliza
tion of French armament factories
August 11, 1938. had slowed up pro
duction of war materials.
Daladier countered with the state
ment that nationalization, on the con
trary, permitted the war ministry to
increase production and efficiency. He
said this was best shown by produc
tion of anti-aircraft guns, which was
far ahead of figures before nationaliza
In reply to the Communists plea for
reduction of required military service,
Daladier said he could be ' the most
popular man In France” If he did so,
but declared that it was impossible to
reduce this service and maintain ade
quate forces for the nation's defense.
One of the deputies again brought
forward the question of France's de
fenses in the Jura Mountains of Alsace,
near the Swiss border. Daladier said
France already had spent 50.000.000
francs (about $1,650,000) on author
ised defenses in that region.
He assured deputies the government
was preparing to maintain adequate
troops and war equipment In that
Passes Bill Raising Wages.
The French Senate, with 212 votes,
unanimously passed the government
bill raising wage* of government em
ployes. It already had been passed
by the Chamber of Deputies Novem
ber 26.
(Premier Camille Chautemps
won a vote of confidence from the
chamber November 26 on the bill
earmarking 1,745.000.000 francs
(about $59,260,000) for pensions
and wage increases for government
employes. The opposition had
fought the bill on the contention
Us benefits were not in proportion
to living cost Increases.)

Gen. Pershing and Gen. de Cham
brun to Attend Rites at
Cathedral Monday.
Gen. John J. Pershing and Ma],
Gen. Adelbert de Chambrun will rep
represent the United States and
France, respectively, at the dedication
of a memorial to Norman Prince at
Washington Cathedral at 11 am.
The Right Rev. James E. Freeman.
Bishop of Washington, announced
last night that the family of the La
fayette Escadrille flyer, killed when
returning from a raid over German
lines in October, 1916, will be repre
sented at the service by his brother,
Frederick H. Prince, jr„ and the lat
ter s wife, brother and sister-in-law.
Brought to Washington from Paris
last May, the body of the aviator has
rested in the crypt of the Cathedral.
The memorial has been constructed
in the Chapel of St. John on the
south side of the Cathedral Choir.
Invitations to the dedication service
have been extended to members of
the diplomatic corps representing the
allied nations during the war, mem
l>ers of the President's cabinet and
other Government officials and rank
ing officers of the Army, Navy and
Marine Corps.
Each of the speakers will place a
wreath on the tomb of the young
aviator at the conclusion of his re
marks. The Cathedral Choir will
sing, under the direction of Robert
Barrow, and the guests will be wel
comed by William R. Castle, former
Undersecretary of State.
:ss- ^ .. i... ... . —««
They’re Thankful for Aid
^umpieieiy nappy jot ine jirsi lime since ne lost his job
more than six months ago, William Preston was pictured at his
home, at 704 Third street N.W., today with his wife and 12-year
old son Donald shortly after hearing that Commissioner Melvin
C. Hazen had found him another job. It was the arrest of
Donald Wednesday for selling shoestrings that brought the
'Unemployed construction worker’s plight to public attention.
More than 100 sympathetic Washingtonians offered to aid the
family._,~Star Staff Photo.
_(Continued Prom Plrst Page )_
they had been slashed when appro
priations Anally were made. The
largest cut in the Oallinger estimates
was shown to be in the Ascal year
1933 when the board requested item*
totaling $1,588,642 and when the ac
tual appropriation W'as but $631,400.
Mr. McReynolds stated: "If the ap
propriations which were recommended
by the Board of Public Welfare had
been made in full, there is no ques
tion but what Oallinger Hospital now
would be in good shape and the diffi
culties which have recently been de
scribed in the public press would not
have appeared.
"Those difficulties are entirely due
to Inadequate personnel, inadequate
maintenance fund and to lack of space
for the care of patients, all of which
would have been rectiAed if the appro
priations recommended by the Board
of Public Welfare had been approved
by the various authorities through
whose hands the District appropria
tion proposals must pass.
Praise* Dr. Borock.
“The board ha* the utmost confi
dence in Dr. Edgar A. Bocock, su
perintendent of Gallinger Hospital,
whom it regards as one of the ablest
hospital administrators in the United
State*, who has accomplished marvels
with inadequate funds and Inadequate
personnel. Typical of what he was
able to accomplish with practically
no funds at all was the rebuilding of
many of the obsolete and condemned
wooden or ancient brick structures
around the institution which had
been abandoned but which were re
constructed for emergency use by the
continually cordial co-operation of
the C. W. A. and the W. P. A. In
addition, vast improvement* in streets,
walks and grounds were m»de in the
same way.”
When new spa pier stories displayed
the shortcoming* of the hospital facil
ities, questions arose as to who was
Health Officer George C. Ruhlapd,
who was given jurisdiction over the
hospital last July 1. said that Gal
linger's difficulties were due to an
accumulation of items of neglect; that
the appropriation act for this fiscal
year had been passed, that the Dis
trict must live under that and he
hoped for more liberal appropriations
In the future.
A quick retort came from Repre
sentative Ross Collins, Democrat, of
Mississippi, chairman of the subcom
mittee of the House Appropriations
Committee in charge of District esti
mates, who protested that he had
given the Health Office Increased
appropriations and added that he
hoped he would not find the confi
dence he had displayed in Dr. Ruh
land misplaced. Dr. Ruhland wrote
to Mr. Collins explaining he had not
intended to imply that the responsi
bility lay with Mr. Collins or solely
with Congress. Up to today the Wel
fare Board had kept out of the
History of Appropriations.
Mr. McReynolds, citing the history
of appropriations since 1933, explained
that the board had won approval of a
request for appropriations for con
struction of a contagious disease ward
at Gallinger. For the fiscal year 1936,
he said, the board sought construction
of an obstetrical ward, but this had
been denied. The next year, he con
tinued, the board urged a sum for the
operation of Columbia Hospital for
women as an obstetrical ward for Gal
llnger. This was denied.
For this fiscal year, the Welfare
Board asked funds for the operation
of the old tuberculosis hospital on Up
shur street as an obstetrical ward for
Galllnger. This was denied. Mr. Jitc
Reyonlds added:
“Requests were continually made
for additional orderlies, nurses, social
service workers and other personnel
beyond the amounts which were ap
In another section of the statement,
Mr. McReynolds said, "In effect, Gal
linger Hospital has been asked to
make bricks without straw. The ap
propriations continually have been
too small to do properly the increasing
Job of caring for the indigent sick of
out-growing community.”
In an interview today, Surg. Gen.
Parran, who is thoroughly familiar
with local conditions, visualized the
most acute problem in Washington as
one of reducing the “rather distress
ing” mortality rates which he said
do not compare favorably with many
other cities.
inrant Mortality Rate.
He referred particularly, he said,
to infant mortality and death* due
to communicable disease*, especially
tuberculosis and syphilis.
Commissioner Allen is expected to
return from New York tonight and
it was understood that he will at once
make a formal request in writing for
the Public Health Service inquiry.
Not that this Is especially required In
the present case but merely for the
“'record." It was known, and so Dr.
Parran understands, that the Com
missioners want a very complete sur
vey of conditions.
Dr. Parran said that the task would
be an "easy one,” much easier than
in most cases.
"There will be no heed of going back
of the survey which Dr. Preble con
ducted 'here in 193*." he said. Dr.
Parran himself participated in that
“It will be necessary only to revise
that survey by bringing It up to date
and add to It the Information gained
from a study of more recent develop
The Surgeon General Indicated also
that the Public Health Service would :
co-operate willingly with the press by ;
way of keeping it in touch with de
velopments in the survey. Prom now
on I’ll turn the press over to Dr. Rob
ert Olesen. Assistant Surgeon Oeneral
who will be in charge of the survey,”
he said.
Dr. Olesen will have the assistance
of the Division of Public Health
Methods, the Surgeon Oeneral pointed
out, as well as the trained experts in
the National Institute of Health.
"We have a number of persons avail
able who have had years of experience
in conducting such surveys.” he said.
"They will have also the co-operation
of every medical and public health
division in the service.”
Dr. Parran indicated that the sur
vey would go more into questions of
personnel and medical services rather
than fiscal matters. While a study of
health conditions would indicate needs
for which more adequate expendi
tures would be the principal remedy,
the persons to make such fiscal rec
ommendations, he felt, are the District
Commissioners and Congress.
It was to be expected, he said,
that all hospitals maintaining clinics
supported by District funds, would
come within the scope of the survey.
Man’s Death in Mexico, Mo.,
May Be Linked to That
of Society Matron.
»» the Associated Press.
MEXICO, Mo., Dec. 3.—County
officers and State patrolmen today
wr.e Investigating (he death of Wil
liam Balse, 45-year-old unemployed
man, in his home across the street
from the scene of the Thanksgiving
Eve slaying of Mrs. A. S. Mortimer.
Prosecuting Attorney Letney Barnes
said the examination was "to see If
the man’s death had any connection
with the Mortimer case.”
Balse was found slumped in a
kitchen chair, a .22 caliber bullet
wound In hla head. The prosecutor
said "It apparently was a case of
The Bal.se home Is a small building
located on the rear of the Hardin
College campus less than 200 yards
from the spot where Mrs. Mortimer
was attacked.
"Baise had been questioned among
others living nearby,” Barnes said.
He said the dead man's fingerprints
had been taken for a check with those
found on the gun. Fingerprints also
were found on a purse Mrs. Mortimer
carried at the time she was attacked.
Police found a bloody club believed to
have been the death weapon.
Col. Marvin Casteel of the Stata
highway patrol declared he believed
both sex and robbery motives played
a part In the brutal attack on the
socially prominent matron.
Rewards totaling $2,400 have been
posted for capture of the killer.
Japan may order a change in the
type of dance hall music.
* difference good bowel ■
habit* can maker To keep food
waste* soft and moving, many
doctora recommend Nujol.
• r>
\ i ■ uiy
I handles the
best grades of
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