Newspaper Page Text
Clash on Press
Freedom Is Denied Labor Board Looking Into Distribution of Anti-Union Article. By DAVID LAWRENCE. ON THE surface it looks as if the National Labor Relations Board has inf ringed on the freedom of the press—the right to criticize board actions—but actually the case that has developed the newest phase of the controversy is based on an alto gether different point and one that will bear ex amlnation because it goes to the root of em ployer - employe relations. It's trtie the La bor Board ordered a magazine editor to appear before a trial examiner and bring books and records and it's true the ed- _ . , , ... David Lawrence, itor had written an article criticizing the board. The purpose of the subpoena, however, was not to discuss the merit of the article but its distribution. The Labor Board recognizes full well that it has no right to tell editors what to say or to scold them for their criticism, and nowhere does it appear that the board assumed any such right. The board, on the other hand, draws no distinction between the written , word and the spoken word if such words are used by the employer to Interfere with the rights of self-organ ization of his employes. What the board apparently wants to find out is whether copies or leaflets containing the article complained of were distrib uted by the steel company at Weirton directly or whether the magazine in question did the distribution after reaching some understanding to that effect with the steel company. Seeks Employer’s Motives. What difference does it make, it will be asked, whether information of a printed nature came to employes through the medium of a magazine or through an employer, who sent re prints to his men indirectly through the medium of the publication? The board, judging by previous cases, does not take the view that the magazine has done anything wrong, but it does hold that evidence tending to show the employer motivated the distribution of anti-union literature is a material fact which may aid the board in determin ing whether an "unfair labor practice" within the meaning of the law has qccurred. To put it another way, there is nothing in the law which would pre vent an employer from distributing reprints or written information of any kind to his employes, but it might be a contributory piece of evidence of an unfair labor practice if an em ployer gave his employes over a period of time only literature which criticized Unions and nothing else. There have been cases before the board in which, for instance, an em ployer made a speech to his workmen in which he frankly pointed out the disadvantages of union membership even though conceding that the work men had a right to choose for them selves whether they wanted to join. Had the incident stopped at that point, there would have been no ac tion taken by the Labor Board, but later on when employes were dis missed, as it was alleged, for union activity, the fact that the employer had made the speech in question was coupled with the dismissal of the em ployes. Actually the dismissal of the employes was held to be the “unfair labor practice’’ and the distribution of the literature was cited as tending to prove that hostility existed between the employer and the union which happened to be trying to organize the Workmen in his plant. Distribution Itself Harmless. The assumption of the board has been that the act of distribution of the literature was in itself harmless unle.ss coupled with overt or secret attempts of other kinds to coerce, or intimidate, or influence workmen in their bargaining rights. But the board does feel that its powers of investiga tion under the law are broad enough to compel an editor, or writer, or busi ness manager, or anybody else con nected with a magazine or newspaper to furnish testimony as to what part, If any, was played by the employer who happens to have a labor dispute. Thus it will not be damaging to the magazine editor to tell whether or not reprints of his article were sent of hi* own free will to the Weirton em ployes, but it would be damaging to the cause of the Weirton company if It were testified that the literature was ordered to be distributed in re print form by the steel company. The question probably will go to Air Headli ners I Afternoon Programs 3:00 p.m.—W J8V, Harvard Guardian Conference. 5:15 pjn.—WMAL, Evening Star Flashes. Evening Programs 7:00 p.m.—WJSV, Swing Club. 7:30 p.m.—WOL, Music Album. 8:00 pjn.—WOL, The Barn stormers. 8:30 p.m.—WJSV, Johnnie Pre sents; WRC, Jack Haley; WMAL, Linton Wells. 9:00p.m.—WMAL, National Barn Dance; WJSV, Prof. Quiz. 8:15 p.m.—WOL, Chicago Sym phony Orchestra. 8:30 p.m.—WJSV, Saturday Serenade. 10:00p.m.—WRC and WMAL N. B. C. Symphony Orchestra; WJSV, Your Hit Parade. Short-Wave Programs 7:20 p.m.—LONDON, “Sports men Talking,” GSP, 19.6 m., 15.31 meg.; GSD, 25.5 m., 11.75 meg.; GSB, 31.5 m., 9.51 meg. 1:30 p.m.—CARACAS, Popular Music, YV5RC, 51.7 m., 5.8 meg. 8:30 pjn.—LONDON, “In Town Tonight," GSD, 25.5 m., 11.75 meg.; GSC, 31.3 m., 9.58 meg.; GSB, 31.5 m„ 9.51 meg. ^ .A The Capital Parade Direct Aid, Additional Moneys Seen Favored to Meet Expected Huge Unemployment Increase. By JOSEPH ALSOP and ROBERT KINTNER. ABOARD the presidential yacht Potomac, somewhere in the pleasant Caribbean, a decision will be reached intimately affecting the welfare of the millions of men and women to whom the depression has brought, or will bring, renewed joblessness. When the November business index of the Federal Reserve Board is published later this month, it will stand close to 92. The last time the in dex was as low as that, there were 12,000,000 unemployed in the United States. Although there is some lag in unemployment in a depression so sudden as the present one, the problem of unemployment will loom hor ribly big by the end of this month. By January the moat optimistic ex perts look for 2,000,000 additional rnemployed and 1,000.300 more with inadequate part-time work. One of the unannounced reasons for the presidential fishing ex pedition was to get away for a long, quiet discussion of approaches to the new unemployment problem with Works Progress Administrator Harry L. Hopkins and Public Works Administrator Harold L. Ickes. Of course, it’s impossible to predict what the result of the talks abeard the Potomac will be, but opinion among the stay-at home presidential advisers gives insight into the alternatives. The most interesting thing is that it is distinctly possible that the great New Deal principle of work relief will be partly abandoned. There may be a temporary resort to the much-abused direct relief or dole/ There is no question at all that more money will have to be provided to meft the new unemployment problem. It can be spent in three ways— on the W. P. A.'s moderately expensive work relief, or the P. W. A.'s costly but business-stimulating public works, or in large grants to the States and municipalities for distribution as direct relief. Or some combination of the three can be worked out. The President has a strong dislike, for direct relief with no return in work. Yet some of his least conservative advisers are betting that he will choose the State grant method, supplementing it with extensions of the W. P. A. and P. IV. A. programs. The advantages of this way of giving direct relief at second hand are that it is cheaper, and well suited to meet a “temporary” and suddenly serious situation. * * * * Whatever decision the President reaches, the facts of new unem ployment are too serious to be blinked. The Bureau of Labor Statistics study for October showed a net increase in joblessness since the booming summer of a mere 80.000. But now figures privately compiled by Govern ment relief experts show that in the last week of November 1,000,000 men and women who had jobs on Labor Day were jobless, and that 750,000 more were half starving on part-time work. During the last depression industry learned the technique of the lay off by undesired experience. Now lay-offs are coming infinitely more rapidly than they did after the crash of October, 1929. So promptly have workers been discharged, and on such a scale, that many Senators have received letters accusing the business men of a plot to wreck the New Deal. Of course, this is nonsense. The real answer is that inventories are swollen, orders down to nothing and production impossibly risky under the cir cumstances. * * * * The results may already be observed in their most dramatic form in such towns as Lawrence, Mass., which was -enjoying a lair prosperity until recently, and now has 10.000 new jobless. In other places, the full picture of the unemployment that will come has not yet been disclosed. WWW* One reason is that Christmas is coming. Until after Christmas the retail trade will enjoy something of a boom, although a boom far less prosperous than had been expected. And then real unemployment will be upon us. Experts at the Bureau of Labor Statistics expect the in dustrial employment index to drop to 85 by January, which will ac count for 1.000,000 of the expected new jobless. The other 1,000,000 will come from the retail and service trades, while the 1,000,000 workers on part time will be largely in manufacturing. Gloomier prophets here are even predicting that the total of new jobless will reach 3,000,000 without counting part-time workers. On the basis of the W. P. A. unemployment figures, 2,000,000 additional jobless would bring the unemployed total to 10,000,000, while 3,000,000 would make it 11,000,000. * * * * The present Federal relief set-ifa has no funds to meet increased unemployment. In many of the cities, the situation is already desperate. With 10.000,000 or 11.000,000 unemployed in the districts, Congress will not balk long before voting additional funds. Here again the only question is, "Hoio will the money be spent?” * * * * Among many of the budget-balancing conservatives a resort to the cheaper dole system will be welcomed. Public works, w’hich are the most tangible sort of candy for the voters, will command a large following The liberals will call for more work relief. At present it looks as though the President -will get his way whatever his choice may be. (Copyright, 1P07, by the North American Newspaper Alliance. Inc.) the courts for decision because a magazine editor might take the posi tion that where he wants to circulate his magazine or reprints is his busi ness, fully protected under the con stitutional freedom of the press and that his list of subscribers or his pro motion of circulation is his own affair and not subject to inquiry by any Federal agency. The legal problem is, however, not a simple one because the courts have ruled in certain types of cases that information has to be furnished by the press when sought in criminal cases though, to be sure, information as to the source or origin of news has usually been exempted from Federal court inquisition. (Copyright, 1837.) ILLUSTRATED ADDRESS The Rev. A. P. Wilson to Talk on “Solomon's Temple.” At Columbia Heights Christian Church tomorrow evening the topic of the Rev. A. P. Wilson will be "Despair and Faith.” In the evening he will give an illustrated address on "Solomon’s Temple.” Mrs. B. J. Waldo will lead the prayer meeting.Thursday. Her topic will be “The Deepest Desire of Humanity.” On December 10 there will be a dinner for the official boards of the Disciples of Christ of the Capital area. The speaker of the evening will be Dr. J. W. Rustin. Capitals Radio Program TODAY’S PROGRAM DECEMBER 4, 1937 PH-IWMAL—630k.[ WRC—950k. 1WOL—1,310k’, WJSV—1,460k. 12:00 Call to Youth News—Music Theater Row Captivators (2:15 News Bulletins j Allen Leater's Orch. News—Music H. B. Derr 12:30 Farm & Home Hour jCollege Debate Dance Music Lehigh Glee Club 13:45 _I " _Pet ClubGeorge Hall’s Orch. 1:00 Farm and Home Hour College Debate Elinor Sherry George Hall’s Orch. 1:15 " " " " " " John Strugess 1:30 Club Matinee Campus Capers Dick Stabile's Orch. Buffalo Presents 1:451 _" _Wakeman's Sports _ 2:00 "Manon" Buffalo Is Host Wakeman's Sports Madison Ensemble 2:15 " .... Three Graces Ann Leaf 2:30 " To Be Announced Wakeman's Sports 2:45 _ ." " " " _ Tours in Tone 3:00 "Manon" To Be Announced News Bulletins Harvard Conf. 3:15 " .... Wakeman's Sports 3:30 " Music Fashions " " World's Waltzes 3=45 "_ " " " " Bridge Tourney 4:00 "Manon" Music Fashions Wakeman's Sports Dictators 4:15 " 4:30 " To Be Announced Rhythm Orchestra Martin Chauncey 4:45 _Wakeman’s Sports Four Clubmen 5:00 "Manon” Sundown Revue Cocktail Capers Frank Dailey's Orch. 5:15 Evenino Star Flashes " " " " 1 Evening Rhythms 5:30 Bible lesson Kindergarten " " Arch McDonald 5:45 Rokov's Orch._" _" _Music and Flowers ‘6:00 Dinner Hour News—Frolic Sports Resume News—F^sic 6:15 Sports—News Dinner Dance News Bulletins Arch McDonald 6:30 Dinner Hour News—Music Dance Music Eddie Dooley 4:45 _Dinner Dance_" _Musical Moments 7:00 Israel Message Wm. Scotti’s Orch. Volga Boatmen Swing Club 7:30 This and That On Foot Ball Music Album Vitality and Salb 7:45 Caballeros_ To Be Announced" _Labor News 8:00 Harry Lewis' Orch. Robert Ripley Barnstormers Maxim Lowe Orch. 8:15 " " " " " Gypsy Minstrel 8:30 Linton Wells Jack Haley Union Mission Johnnie Presents 8:45 Melody lime s _" _" " 9:00 Barn Dance Post Anniversary "From London" Prof. Quiz 0:15 " " " " Chicago Symphony 0:30 " " " " " * Saturday Serenade 0:45Anniversary—News * _" _ 10:00 N. B. C. Symphony N. B. C. Symphony Chicago Symphony Hit Parade ’ 10:15 " " " " Howard Orchestra 10:30 " " ” - Long Ago " " 10:45 * "" "'y " Fighting Crime 11:00 N. B. C. Symphony N. 8. C. Symphony Art Brown Frank Masters' Orch. 11 ■ 15 ” " " ” •* •• •• »• 11:30 News Bulletins Midnight Frolic Horace Heidt's Orch. News—Weather 11:45 Jim McGrath_" " _Ben Goodman's Orch. 12:00 Jim McGrath Eddy Rogers' Orch. Isham Jones' Orch. Sammy Kaye's Orch. 12:30 " " Joe Reichmae's Orch. Wayne King's Orch. Orrin Tucker’s Orch. 12:45 » •• « « $i t§ 1:tO|Jim McGrath 1 hr. Sign Off Dance Music 1 hr, IStgn Off THE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not __ ™c**sarilv The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides o/ questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may he contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. Two Authoritarian Bills Crop Control and Wage-Hour Measures Lead to • Undemocratic Fascism. « By MARK SULLIVAN. THE business before Congress has narrowed down to mainly two measures, the crop control bill and the wage and hour bill. For measuring both, as for measuring every development in Washington, the most important yard-stick is that which tells us how far these bills would take us away from the Ameri can form of so ciety and govern ment in the di rection of the au thoritarian con ception exempli fied by Germany, Italy and Russia. Who wrote the wage and hour bill, 'I do not know. But I have a statement irom M»rk gniiiTsn. an official of the American Federation of Labor, who is familiar with such matters, that the bill was not written in Congress. In deed, the statement goes farther. It says that the two members of Con gress whose names the bill bore as introducers, Representative Connery in the House and Mr. Black of Ala bama in the Senate, had no part in its preparation. Since I do not know who wrote the measure, I cannot know what was in their minds and cannot fairly char acterize them. But whatever the in tention. the effect of the wage and hour bill, as originally written, would be to carry America far toward au thoritarian government, particularly toward the Nazi variety of it. Be cause authoritarian government is ruthlessly jealous of everything with in the state except the state itself, because authoritarian government de mands that there shall be no institu tion or organization within the state, except itself, to which the citizen can give allegiance, it follows that author itarian government rigidly controls or stamps out labor unions and local units of government (as well as churches and other organizations and Institutions). i urbt stale Auinorur. The wage and hour bill, as origi nally written, tends to reduce the au thority and the functioning of the 48 separate States. This is now under stood and accounts for the opposition by those who irize the continued ex istence of the States. The bill tends toward destroying labor unions. This accounts for the opposition by the American Federation of Labor, at its Denver convention in October, adopted resolutions against the bill. Even more clearly does the crop control bill carry us in the authori tarian direction. Some four years ago, when the New Deal was getting under way and when Prof. Tugwell had power in the Department of Agri culture. he had as his assistant a young gentleman, a passionate acolyte, who does professional writing under the name "Jay Franklin.” Mr. Franklin, just before he become Prof. Tugwell’i assistant, wrote a book called “What We Are About to Receive.” In that proclamation of promise Mr. Franklin wrote: "Sooner or later, we shall discover— as the Roman Church discovered, as England discovered, as Soviet Russia discovered—that the pagan, the landed proprietor, the kulak, Is simply so much mud in the path of progress and must be swept aside if society is to ad vance.” “Kulak” la the Russian word for farmer* who own and operate their own farms—or who chce did, for there are no kulaks left. It is the farm owner and operator who is “mud in the path of progress” and "must be swept aside.” That was, it seems tenable to say, a fair interpretation of the attitude of Prof. Tugwell toward the American farmer who owns his own land and farms it according to hi* own Judg ment. And though Prof. Tugwell has departed, his ideas remain in the De partment of Agriculture. That ob jective—the ultimate reduction of pri vate ownership or private operation of farms—is the distant objective, or distant effect, of the farm legislation that has emerged from the New Deal. What it contemplates, or tends to ward, ultimately, is the wiping out of private ownership or private operation of farms, the reduction of all farmers to the staus of employes of the sate. The carrying out of this policy in Russia Involved, at a late stage, after the Russian experiment had been under way about 12 years, the execu tion of thousands of farmers who clung to the ancient conception of private ownership of farms, and the exile of many thousands of others from their farms to the mines of Siberia. Fascism the game. The Russian Communist attitude toward private ownership does not differ materially from that of Naz ism in Germany and Fascism in Italy. The essential Identity of these three systems exists not only with respect to private ownership of farms, but in practically every other respect. Naz ism and Fascism, when they begin, proclaim themselves as enemies of Communism, as antidotes to it. They proclaim that they will preserve the principle of private ownership. But quickly they move toward the Com munist ideal. The principle common to all three is the authoritarian gov ernment, the subjection of the in dividual to the will of the state. That principle underlies the present crop control bill. This bill does not, yet, go as far as the Russian practice about the kulaks. It does, however, go about as far as Nazi-ism has gone in the same direction. In the present status of farming in Germany, the farmer mast raise what crops the gov ernment tells him to raise, and as much of each crop as the government dictates. If the farmer does not come up to the government quota, he is re moved from his farm and upon it the Nazi government puts a man more willing and able to do what the gov ernment demands. A person who is exceptionally familiar with the Nazi regime says that “the Senate farm bill might be copied from the agricultural regulations of Nazi Germany.” With blithe carelessness on the part of some, with blindness on the part of many—and with cunning deliberate ness on the part of a few, America is being carried step by step toward the authoritarian society and the one man government.' These few who know what they are doing, who “planned it that way.” are not in Con gress. They have their leverages of power in the executive departments and many of them have access to the Whit* House. There are not in Con gress 20 persons, out of the total of 531, who would consciously take Amer ica to the status of Germany, Italy and Russia. Yet the chief business about to be done by Congress has Just that effect. (Copyrlsht, 3 9S7.) Conducts at Debut of New N. B. C. Orchestra Tonight. Artur rodzinski, conductor of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra, begins his series of guest appearances with the N. B. C. Symphony tonight when he leads the newly formed organization In a concert to be broadcast by WRO and WMAL at 10 o'clock. Mr. Rodzinski, who won fame in his native Poland and throughout Europe before com ing to the united States to conduct the Philadelphia Civic Opera, is re garded as one of the outstanding con temporary conductors. The program: "Water Music’’_Handel-Harty ‘‘Symphony No. ft" _Beethoven "Pohjola's Daushter"_8ibeliua Nocturnes: Debussy a. “Nuases." b. "Petes." "Triana" _Albsnis rPHE Chicago Symphony Orchestra is heard in a concert of popular classics over WOL at 9:15. Glazounow’s ‘‘Carnival Overture” and three move ments from Franck’s ‘‘Symphony in D Minor” are to be played. T5ILLY AND ELSA NEWELL, veteran vaudeville team, who appeared in the first radio command performance for King George VI of England, re turn to the National Barn Dance with another Oay Nineties sketch—WMAL at 9 o'clock. rpOMMY DORSEY and his orches tra are the principal guests on the Swing Club—WJSV at 7 o’clock. QHARLEB COWART, former mem ber of the ground crew of the dirigible Akron, who was rescued as he rangled from a guide rope 1.000 feet in the air, trill be presented over WRC at 8 o’clock. 1 |^IR JAMES H. MacBRIEN. commis sioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, speaks on the Fight ing Crime program, a WJSV feature heard at 10:45. J>AT BARNES and his Barnstormers, including the singing comedienne, Helen Ford, and Paul Roberts, bari tone. take position on the Saturday schedule beginning tonight—WOL at 8 o’clock. QHARLES KULLMANN, tenor of the Metropolitan Opera Co., is the guest artist on th$ Hit Parade pro gram—WJSV at 10 o’clock, SCIENCE SERVICE ON AIR The Columbia Church of the Air period, to be heard over Station WJSV from 1 to 1:30 p.m. tomorrow, win pe devoted to Christian Science. The program, which will originate in De troit, will be presented by Arthur A. Kelkenney, a former first reader of First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Detroit, and will be under the super vision of the Christian Science Com mittee on Publication for the State of Michigan. 0 Consult The Eberly Plan For the same reason a sieve won’t hold water you can’t keep in the heat you are paying for with expensive fuel unless you caulk up the cracks and crevices around the windows and doors. That is one of the 40 Services of The Eberly Plan—and you will be surprised what a difference it will make. Go a step farther—and let us INSULATE the entire house—then you can control all temperatures, summer and winter. t' ■ 1108 K N.W. Our 88th Year District 6557 ?. We, the People A -Harvard Scholar Says the New Deal Is No Revolution. By JAY FRANKLIN. HEN Harvard doesn’t bite Franklin D. Roosevelt—that’s news I Heresy has reared its ugly head in the home of lost endow ments at Cambridge. Mass., and we humble workers in the historical vineyard who have been pointing out that the New Deal was as American as com on the cob and as inevitable as turkey at Thanksgiving, have received aid and comfort from .the brainstorm center of the anguished ^Tories, the cultural citadel of the economic royalists, unfair Harvard 1 Here are the heart-rending facts. Mr. Samuel Eliot Moriaon, professor of history at Harvard University, and Mr. Henry Steele Commager, profes sor of history at New York Uni versity, have written a book called "The Growth of the American Republic,’’ published by the ultra conservative Oxford University Press. Harvard looks to Oxford, Just as the sunflower turns to the sun. Of Mr. Morison’s orthodoxy there can be no doubt. He was exchange professor of history at Oxford, is the author of the Ox ford History of the United States of America and is a blue-blooded New Englander with impeccable social connections and academic distinction. * A. A. Now he has spilled the pork and beans. He does not regard, the New Deal as a revolution; he does not mince words over the old order which it replaced; he is not alarmed about the Supreme Court proposals or about the future; he says we are never going back to the •‘rugged individualism” which ground out tliO.OOO.OOO worth of endowment for the university which he serves. 4 * * * * The cold, clear light of his history records that Warren G. Harding gave the country a “spectacle of corruption and maladministration.” Of Coolidge he observes, “his frugality Indicated no distrust of wealth,” and "the Yankee traits left out in Coolidge were Idealism, a desire to make the world better, and a fighting devotion to a cause.” So much for “normalcy" and “have faith in Massachusetts” as substitutes for wise public policy. He discusses Hoover’s fiasco as “the last stand of rugged individualism and the beginnings of a socialized economy—a watershed between the old and the new,” a convincing proof that “government in a democracy 1s not primarily an administrative but a political task.” As for the New Deal— “It will be easy to see how deeply rooted in the American tradition was the Roosevelt philosophy and how familiar the Roosevelt methods.” It was “an attempt to catch up with the political lag of well nigh 20 years and articulate Government to economy.” It contained nothing which had not been “accepted by conservative Englishmen. Germans and Scandinavians for a generation” and had not been foreshadowed by generations of American legislation. * * * * This is the unkinde.it out of all. "The New Deal,” says the professors, ‘‘in one form or another, was inemtable: it was directed toward preserving capitalistic economy rather than substituting another system, and the methods employed were in the American tradition.” And he quotes a wise old American philosopher of a century ago: “There are periods when the principles of experience need to be modified, when hope and trust and instinct claim a share with prudence in the guidance of affairs, when, in truth, to dare is the highest unsdom.” * * * * And the 1936 campaign is dismissed with a phrase for which I myself was soundly condemned at the time: "No more impressive vote of confi Ftts j dence has ever been given a candi couanY msimsonv date, no more unmistakable man wdoar date to continue policies already J adopted.” Professor, how could you? President Conant will have to , rush into the breach or do some pretty quick explaining to the Harvard Board of Overseers, but it is too late. The poison has been introduced into our educa tional system, the minds of coming generations of students will be tainted with the belief that F. D. R. is not a traitor to his class," that the New Deal is not an unprincipled borrowing from European Communism and Fascism, and that things will not be all rosy if only Government stands aside and lets big business do as it will with the people and resources of this continent. America's highest educational authority has spoken. In future when cornered by perspiring republicrats and disillusioned taxpayers ail that we New Dealers need to do is to quote Prof. Morison and Prof. Commager as authority for our simple belief that there is nothing in the American Constitution which prohibits democracy, and nothing in North American conditions which cannot be solved by Channing's great principle that There are periods when to dare is the highest wisdom!” (Copyright. 1937.) CHURCH IN PETWORTH TO END CELEBRATION Rev. H. J. Smith and Rev. F. p. Langhorne Will Preach at 8pecial Baptist Services. The close of the twenty-fifth an niversary services of Petworth Baptist Church will be in the form of special sermons tomorrow morning by the Rev. Henry J. Smith, pastor, and in the evening by the Rev. F. Paul Lang home, former pastor, now of Berwyn. IU. Mr. Smith’s subject will be the "Stark Orandeaur of Life.” Com munion services will be celebrated and new members received. Honor will be paid at the morning service to Mrs. Anna M. Watkins, who will be 92 years old that day. The Yaden Bible Class will have its president as presiding ofllcer, Harold King, who has been absent for four weeks on a trip to Puerto Rico. The class will hold a business and social meeting December 8. DUMBARTON AVENUE COMMUNION SERVICE “Starting Wrong” Junior Sermon Topic—Musical* Will Be Given at 8 P.M. At the Dumbarton Avenue M. E. Church tomorrow the Rev. Walter Franklin Atkinson will administer the sacrament of holy communion and receive new members. The junior sermon topic will be -Starting Wrong.” At 8 p.m. the senior vested choir will render a musicale. The guest speaker will be the Rev. Harold Swipe, executive secretary of the Goodwill Industries, Washington, D. C. On Tuesday evening a meeting of the Church School Board will be con ducted in the parsonage. On Thurs day evening the Sunday school lesson will be taught by Mrs. Rovilla Pry Atkinson. The minister will continue his addresses on the topic “The Back ground of Bible Truth.” Headline Folk and What They Do Cornell Professor Pro duces 'Cyclopean Mon sters’ in Laboratory. BY LEMUEL F. PARTON. WE MUSH along through a managed economy Into a managed biology. A new, and presumably totalitar ian, “glandoeracy” is blue-printed by Dr. Charles R. Stockard. for 28 years professor of anatomy and biology at Cornell University. He invites the economists In. He finds that the endocrine Influences “reach wit be yond the single individual to integrate behaviors between the sexes and among the different life periods in perpetuating the vast social scale.” He thinks "these integrating mech anisms are of deep concern not only to neurologists and general physicians, but also to sociologists, political econ omists and all of us.” Dr. Stockard is a distinguished leader of the geneticists and biolo gists who. in recent years, have dis covered that the life plasm is ex ceedingly plastic and that it might be worked up into some interesting variants from the late model homo sapiens. That might be a good idea, but, in his laboratory’, Dr. Stockard produces "Cyclopean monsters,” in his own phrase, and, judging from Homer's account of those one-eyed cannibals, it might be just as well to forget about them. Dr. Logan Clendenning has written that geneti cists easily could produce a race of people with pink scales and bright plumes on their heads, but adds, “What's the use? People are funny enough as they are ” The profoundly serious import of Dr. Stockards address before the New York Academy of Medicine is that any advance in effective social controls must be measured by improvement in the raw material of society—individual human personality. He thinks the endocrine glands, in their functioning, provide a clue to the mechanics of per sonality and effective personal adjust ments to society, and. therefore, finds profoundly important social deriva tives of his laboratory work. He has always been intent on the social implications of his research. In the days when other schoolmen were dutifully booting John Barleycorn around, and It wasn’t any too safe to do anything else, he maintained to all comers that, moderately used, alcohol had food value, was a useful stim ulant and Increased resistance to dis ease. He is the son of a country doctor, bom in Washington, Miss., in 1879, and educated at the Mississippi Agri cultural and Mechanical Arts College. Columbia, the University of Wurzberg! where he obtained his doctor's degree, and the University of Cincinnati. “The physical basis of personality,” pub lished In 1931, is one of the most in teresting of his many books, treatises and special studies. (Copyright, 1937.) HAWES ON WAY HERE Says Filipinos Do Not Wish Im mediate Independence. SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 4 Filipinos do not wish immediate in dependence, former Senator Harry B. Hawes, co-author of the Hawes Cutting bill that opened the way for Philippine independence in 1946, de clared here today on his arrival from Manila. Filipinos, he said, fear Japanese oc cupation after full independence. Hawes, counsel for the Philippine Comonwealth, is en route to Wash ington, D. C. I | “A Child in the Temple” |J WJSV Sunday, 1 :3 0 P.M. H Convliments— I1; Washington Flour I I Who Wag Washington’s Last Mayor? t Matthew galt emery, the man who "cut and laid the corner-stone of the Washington Monument," was the last Mayor of D. C. He became Mayor in 1870 and in 1871 Washington became "a territory with Governor and House of Congress." Later, in 1878, the city assumed its present form of government. What Beer Comes “First” in D. C.? BEER • ju Senate is Washington’s favorite beer be ”4, cause it’s brewed to- please local tastes. , ig Time blends the malt and other grain in ympAJUf gredients with the hops to produce Senate's mellow flavor. Time has proved that Sen ate Beer is “FIRST” in the Nation's Capital. CHR. HKIRICH BREWING COMPANY, WASH., D. C.