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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 05, 1937, Image 4

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What Improvement There Is
Comes From Arms
PARIS, Dec. 4.—More serious as a
threat against peace than the most
spectacular International complica
tions is the fact that there is not
an important country in Europe whose
financial and economic condition is
healthy. There is not one, indeed,
whose situation is improving or can
be honestly said to show any promise
of improvement.
Certain statistics may create the
Impression that conditions are get
ting better. For example, the volume
of business done shows a considerable
increase in most countries, but what
is left out of account is the fact that
the increase in most cases reflects
nothing more than the depreciation
of the currency. Actual production
of goods—except war materials—has
increased very little, if at all. Con
sumption, in spite of rising prices,
which usually favor business, is lag
Arms Have Spurred Trade.
It is not going too far to say that,
but for the enormous government ex
penditures on armaments all over
Europe, economic conditions would
be worse today than at the lowest
P°iiit—1932—of the world depression.
Armament appropriations, by creating
employment and demand for raw ma
terials, have created currents of trade
and have established purchasing
power. It is almost terrifying to think
what would have happened if the
Geneva Disarmament Conference had
succeeded in reaching an agreement
and if the world had actually begun
to limit armaments.
It is equally disturbing to reflect
that there is a limit, even in arma
ments, and that a time must come
when governments will begin curtail
ing their national defense appropria
tions. That time, many observers
believe, is now very near, as seems
to be indicated by the slump in
prices of raw materials.
What will happen on the day when
most of the great nations say: "We
now have about all the arms we can
possibly use, and henceforth our ap
propriations for defense will be lim
ited to maintenance, replacements
and keeping up to date"? The ces
sation, whether sudden or gradual, of
the orgy of spending must mean In
evitably that all prices will begin to
decline and that a period of disas
trous deflation will begin.
Near Fill of Misery.
Americans should reflect that
Europe cannot stand very much more
misery than it has got now. From
personal observation. I should say that
France has about the highest standard
of living among all the greater nations
of the continent. There is relatively
little unemployment and very little
really adject poverty. But the income
of the average French family living
by wages is about $30 a month. Many
skilled laborers do not earn more than
that, and even public servants, who
are commonly thought of as a privi
leged class, are in the great majority
paid less in a month than the average
American white collar worker gets
In a week.
Such are the cold facts about this
relatively prosperous country'. What
the conditions are in less favored parts
of the continent may be surmised.
Now knock away the prop that is
supplied by the armaments expendi
tures. It is not hard to see that the
situation of the wage earner, just
barely tolerable today, will become
What will the governments be able
to do about it? Even with the sub
stantial relief they have been able to
get by successive devaluations of cur
rency. none of them has been able to
balance its budget, and nowhere has
a responsible statesman so much as
proposed a plan for putting govern
ment on a basis of solvency.
War Prosperity Promoter.
It is a small wonder that war talk
persists. It is not because anybody
In a responsible position wants war.
But it is a fact that war has proved
in the past to be a great promoter of
prosperity. Millions of dollars worth
of property is destroyed every day, and
must be replaced. Business booms,
wages rise, and everybody is im
mensely better off than in peace time.
Everybody, that is. except those in
the trenches.
Thus, even if there were no such
thing as territorial ambitions, as
racial hatreds, as lust for power, as
International rivalry, the war danger
would still be acute, simply because
the best brains that the world has yet
raised to power have been unable to
figure out a way of making peace
profitable. And the same observation
applies to the countries that have
fallen into the grip of dictators, as
well as to those that have chosen their
leaders through the ballot box.
Many will recall that in 1914 emi
nent financiers and economists said
war—or at least a long war—was im
possible because the nations could not
finance it. Today it is bitterly true
that peace is more difficult to finance
than war, and that the maintenance
of peace may prove to be luxury be
yond the world's means.
~ 1 ■■ >
Stephens Alumnae to Meet.
The Stephens College Alumnae Club
will meet at the home of Miss Ruth
Strasser, 3317 Seventeenth street N.W.,
at 8 p.m. Wednesday. Several book
reviews will be presented.
Open Pan-American Parley
Dr. Adrian Recinos.
Sumner Welles.
Don Manuel de Freyre
y Santander.
_^Continued From First Page.)
to result in definite recommendations
for improvement. It was brought
about primarily by current criticism
of conditions at Gallinger Municipal
Hospital, where officials admit it is
impossible to provide proper treat
ment for all indigent patients because
of shortage of personnel, space and
Described as Disgrace.
The Gallinger shortcomings were
described as a disgrace to a modern
city in a resolution adopted by the
Federation of Citizens’ Associations
last night. The federation called on
Congress to grant more adequate
funds for the hospital operation,
without increasing total appropria
tions for the District.
Pointing out that the “full review”
of District health problems would in
clude the tuberculosis control pro
gram, Dr. Ruhland indicated tnat he
believed it would be advisable to
j awa>t the Public Health Service rec
ommendations before fixing a per
manent policy for operation of the
Glenn Dale Sanatorium.
"I am perfectly willing to be guid
ed by the advice of others,” he said.
“We hope to be guided also by com
I mon sense and experience. There
would be no point in doing anything
I now that would not stand ud in the
| light of experience In dealing with
questions of this kind.”
Seal Studies Charges.
At the request of Commissioner
George E. Allen, who has supervision
over the Health Department, Corpo
ration Counsel Seal is studying
charges by some critics of Dr. Rutl
and's original policy at Glenn Dale
that it was illegal for adult patients
to be treated in the children's build
ing because of restrictions in the
act appropriating funds for the chil
drens unit. Mr. Seal has not yet
ruled on this question.
The Glenn Dale controversy arose
shortly after opening of the adult
building in mid-September, when Dr.
; Ruhland announced that the two units
would be operated as one institution
with beds in either building being
utilized for either adults or children
as the need arose.
A temporary shortage of nurses for
the adult building caused a score or
more of adult patients to be hospital
ized in the children's building almost
immediately. In the resulting storm
of criticism, it was charged that there
was no provision for effective segre
gation of the communicable adult
cases from those suffering from the
non-infectious childhood type of tu
Findings in Conflict.
Authorities on tuberculosis, includ
ing Dr. J. A. Myers, president of the
National Tuberculosis Association,
said it was the national policy in
fighting the disease to segregate child
and adult patients in separate build
i ings whenever possible.
The local Tuberculosis Advisory
Committee announced last night, how
ever, that its investigation showed
that “adult cases of tuberculosis were
housed in the children’s pavilion after
due consideration and provision for
practical segregation of adult from
juvenile cases of tuberculosis had been
Asserting that the adult building
was inadequate to care for all the
j cases needing hospitalization and that
j the provision for children “is in ex
j cess of reasonable needs,” the com
i mittee added:
“It is our opinion that the most
i rational and economic way of utiliz
' ing the present facilities would*be
I to keep the hospital for adults full
i to capacity and to set aside a por
j tion of the hospital provided for chil
dren as a part of the adult hospital.
; “This, naturally, should be done
only after proper provision for segre
gation of cases was provided and
| when both portions of the hospital
facilities utilized by adult cases could
be run as one unit. This combined
unit should be entirely separated from
the portion used by patients suffering
from the childhood type of infection.”
Back Dr. Ruhland'x Policy.
Reporting that in its opinion Dr.
Ruhland had properly carried out the
principle of protecting children from
contact with communicable tuberculo
sis cases, the coremittee concluded that
his actions had been "in the best in
terests of the community for the con
trol of tuberculosis.”
The committee is headed by Dr. Wil
liam Charles White, chairman of the
Medical Research Committee of the
National Tuberculosis Association.
Other members are Dr. William H.
Hough, past president of the District
Medical Society and former chairman
of the Health Committee; Dr. James
G. Townsend, president of the Dis
trict Tuberculosis Association and di
rector of the Health Division, Bureau
of Indian Affairs; Dr. Roy D. Adams,
consultant in tuberculosis, United
States Veterans’ Bureau; Dr. John L.
Minor, former chairman of the sub
committee on tuberculosis of the Dis
trict Medical Society, and Dr. Lewis
Christian, assistant surgeon general
of the United States Public Health
Service, in charge of the Hospital
Against Increase in Funds.
In urging the need of more funds,
for Gallinger hospital, the Federation
of Citizens’ Associations clung to its
already announced position that the
appropriations for the next fiscal year
should not exceed those for this year,
which are payable out of the general
fund revenues. It insisted that the
necessary extra funds for Gallinger
be allocated from requested funds for
other services.
Dr. Charles B. Campbell, chairman
of the Public Health Committee, who
offered the motion, declared that Gal
linger's difficulties were due primarily
to the fact .that it was an institution
built to care for 600 patients and cur
rently had a patient load varying from
900 to 1,000. He explained that more
than 130 physicians of high standing
were giving free service to the institu
tion, that some of its divisions even
now were operated in an entirely satis
factory fashion. However, he stressed
the lack of sufficient nurses, orderlies
and internes and lack of adequate
space, especially in the medical de
partment, which has (he largest call
for service.
Text of Resolution.
This resolution requested funds for
starting construction of a new ward
building, but no amount was specified.
His resolution stated:
“Your committee has studied the
condition and operation of Gallinger
Municipal Hospital. It is Inadequately
housed and overcrowded with pa
tients and is a disgrace to a modern
“This has been brought about from
two causes, namely: Large influx of
patients in all the departments and
lack of buildings in which to give them
proper treatment.
“There is an urgent demand for
more internes, nurses and orderlies.
If sufficient appropriation was made
by Congress this condition could be
William McK. Clayton, delegate
from Brightwood, and several others
voiced sympathy for conditions at
Gallinger, but warned that if the
door to increased appropriations was
opened the federation would lose the
force of its argument against any in
crease in the 1939 general fund ap
propriations over the $46,000,000 total
granted for this year. •
Mrs. Elizabeth T. Sullivan, delegate
from the Progressive Citizens' Associa
tion of Georgetown, declared "If we
are not to favor any of these needed
appropriations merely for fear of an
Increase in taxes, we might as well
take a vacation.”
M. M. McLean of Brookland and
several others Insisted they were in
favor of better treatment for Gallinger
even if taxes had to be increased.
Harry N. Stull of Stanton Park,
S. J. Plickinger of Friendship and
others then insisted that to support
the needs for Gallinger would not con
flict writh the federation position on
the budget and this view prevailed.
On motion by Edwin S. Hege of Chevy
Chase the motion was amended to
call for a transfer of funds from other ■
services to Gallinger if necessary to
prevent a hike in the 1939 budget.
In regard to the general health
situation. Dr. Ruhland said it was
agreed that the best plan would
be to co-ordinate the private group
studies and the District’s own con
sideration of the hospital needs with
1,400 Persons Expected at
Services Sponsored by
G. W. U.
More than' 1,400 persons are ex
pected to attend the Pan-American
Conference opening tomorrow night at
the United States Chamber of Com
merce auditorium under auspices of
the Inter-American Center of George
Washington University.
Speeches by American and Latin
American diplomats at the opening
session of the three-day conference,
designed to further closer accord
among the nations of the Americas,
will be broadcast throughout the
United States and South America.
Immediately following the broadcast in
English. Senor Antonio Alonso of the
university faculty will rebroadcast the
speeches in Spanish.
Those to address the opening ses
sion tomorrow include Undersecre
tary of State Sumner Welles, Ambas
sador Manuel de Frere y Santander of
Peru, Minister Adrian Recinos of
Guatemala, Dr. Leo S. Rowe, director
general of the Pan-American Union,
and Dr. Cloyd Heck Marvin, president
of the university.
Tuesday afternoon there will be a
panel discussion of the cultural and
educational aspects of Pan-Ameri
canism by Dean Charles G. Maphis,
director of the Institute of Public Af
fairs at the University of Virginia.
Tuesday evening, under the chairman
ship of Leslie Buell, president of the
Foreign Policy Association, the group
will discuss law and political relations.
George Howland Cox, director of
the Inter-American Center at the uni
versity, will be general chairman of
the conference.
.. •
By the Associated Press.
John Carson, consumers’ counsel of
the National Bituminous Coal Com
mission. asked the commission yes
terday for a public hearing on mini
mum soft coal prices and to produce
the mining and marketing data on
which the prices were established.
Mr. Carson suggested the hearing
might be arranged to accommodate
some 300 representatives of coal con
sumers’ organizations invited to meet
here Thursday to examine the com
mission's minimum price schedules.
The prices for all coal-producing
areas east of the Mississippi River
became effective December 16. and
are calculated to return coal operators
at least the cost of production.
Mr. Carson said that up to now
the commission has failed to supply
him with the information on which !
the commission acted in fixing prices.
the survey to be made under the
direction of Surg. Gen. Thomas Par
ran of the Public Health Service.
The Commissioners as yet have
not complied with the necessary re
quirement that they make a formal
petition for a Public Health Service
survey before one is started, but this
was due to the absence from the
District of Commissioner Allen. The
request is to be made this week.
Invites Leaders to Parley.
Finding no need to delay informal
plans, however, Dr. Ruhland in
vited a number of medical leaders to
the Friday conference, among these
being Dr. Robert Olesen, assistant
surgeon general of the Public Health
Service, who has been designated
by Surg. Gen. Parran to conduct the
Others invited to the conference are
Dr. Sterling Ruffin of the District
Medical Society; Dr. Sterling Mead,
representing dentists; Dr. Christian,
Miss Ashby Taylor, representing Chil
dren's Hospital; Dr. William Charles
White, chairman of the District Tu
berculosis Advisory Board, and Joseph
H. Himes, president of Columbia Hos
pital, who was one of the original
sponsors of the group hospitalization
Still others may be invited. Dr. Ruh
land said, although he added it was
not intended to have all members of
all of the survey committees attend
this meeting, so long as the various
groups were represented.
Aristocratic Army Tradition
Appears Passing in England
Voice for Figkten Seen
in Shake-up of
Ur the Aasociated Press.
LONDON, Dec. 4.—War Minister
Leslie Hore-Belisha tonight told
British soldiers his shake-up of the
army council would give “our best
fighting men,’’ a real voice in the
higher military policy.
The minister, who reorganized the
army council with younger men and
made Gen. Viscount Gort chief of the
imperial stall, explained the motives
and goals of his recent drastic re
organization. He spoke at the pres
entation of prizes to the Manchester
Regiment's 9th Battalion at Ashton
Pays Tribute to Sacrifices.
He paid tribute to the "graceful
sacrifice" of older generals who re
tired “to facilitate the promotion of
younger men.”
Meanwhile, other competent sources
explained that general officers hold
ing the principal home commands now
will act as ex-officio members of the
council, the scope of which eventu
ally may be widened to compare with
the French War Council.
These men will be summoned to
discuss with the council matters of
peace-time training and war-time field
operations. Now the council han
dles purely administrative subjects.
The whole army promotion system
apparently Is to be revamped, in favor
of more democratic procedure. The
aristocratic regimental tradition also
may give way with officers encour
aged to seek promotion outside their
—Wide World Photo:
own regiment* If progress there Is
Merit and Ability Standard.
“The government desires that merit,
character and ability shall be the
main entitlement to promotion and
reward,” Mr. Hore-Belisha declared.
Mr. Hore-Bellsha, who has increased
the regular army recruits already,
showed that a territorial or citizens’
army is close to his heart, saying,
”By such men have great empires
been won—by such men in the last
resort have they been defended."
He stressed the fact that the British
Empire of some 493.000,000 inhabi
tants now has a regular army of only
212.000 men.
Father and Four-Tear-Old Daugh
ter Are Victims.
hit-and-run driver killed a father
and his 4-year-old daughter tonight
as he walked down United States
Road 40, west of here, with the child
in his arms.
Noah Russell, 24. of near Bridge
port and Margaret Russell were killed
as Russell's 22-year-old wife, Omie,
and another daughter, Myrtle, 2,
looked on.
Onlookers said the driver of the
automobile, a woman, went or* down
the road a mile, then turned and
passed the scene in the other di
Autos “Delicensed.”
Many auto owners in Czechoelo- i
vakia are "de-licensing” their cars to
avoid taxes and operating costs. i
The Senate yesterday heard an echo
of the controversy which raged over
the National Recovery Act when Sen
ator Russell, Democrat, of^Georgia
introduced a bill to reimburse the
Georgia Marble Co. of Tate Ga., for
*12,861 in "increased cost of labor
and materials" In construction of the
Nashville (Tenn.) Post Office because
of the N. R. A. code.
■ i
The faculty and students of the
Graduate School of American Uni
versity were entertained at 1901 F
street N.W. last night by members of
Phi Delta Gamma and Chi Psl
Guests were received by Chancel
lor and Mrs. Joseph M. M. Gray,
Dean and Mrs. Ernest 8. Griffith. Dan
Da hie, president of Chi Psl Omega; *,
Mrs. Emmett Sebree, president of 1
the National Society of Phi Delta
Gamma, and Mrs. P. W. Crocker, pres
ident of Alpha Chapter of Phi Delta ■*
Gamma. Assisting were Mrs. Herbert •
Walter, Mrs. Arthur Fleming, Mrs.
Clyde B. Aitchison, Mrs. Eugene An
derson, Mrs. Ben Arneson, Mrs. Ru
dolph Clemen, Mrs. Ernest Correll,
Mrs. Lewis Hunter, Mrs. Howard
Piquet and Miss Lucille Stockberger.
_ 3709 B. 1. An. N.B.
M 711 G St. N.W.
ISpecial SALE 9
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|l| Semi-Antique Herix, 12x15.4_$495.00 $195.00 1
|| Bidjar, 8.3x11.10 - 375.00 250.00 I
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H Kirman, 9x12 (only one)_ _ 375.00 255.00 1
I! Antique Chinese, 9.9xll.5-_ _ 150.00 75.00
U Beloujistan, 2.6x5 - 22.50 15.00 |
H Hamadan, 2.4x4_ 25.00 16.50 1
H Sarouk, 3.6x5.2 (only five)_ 65.00 39.50 I
|i Shiras, 4.2x6 - 85.00 55.00 I
Hi Kazak runner, 3x14.6_ 125.00 69.50 1
S J1508 Wisconsin Ave. N.W.
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