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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 15, 1937, Image 1

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Closing New York Markets, Page 22
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
85th YEAR. No. 34,196. STS" TrS&SK“g
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1937-SIXTY-TWO PAGES. ***
I_ : I :.■ - -
Meant Aeeociated Preae. TWO CENTS.
PANAY FOUGHT TO LAST
AGAINST JAPANESE, SAY
SURVIVORS AT SHANGHAI
_ ^ >
Trio Asserts Flags
Plainly Marked
Gunboat.
GUNS BLAZED
AS SHE SANK
12Bombs Launched
by Low-Flying
Planes.
By th« Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Dec. 15.—Three
American survivors of the Panay
bombing arriving here today de
clared the United States gunboat
vigorously returned the Japanese
aircraft fire and that the Panay
was plainly marked with Amer
ican flags.
The survivors, two of them badly
wounded and the third suffering from
shock, were brought here by a Japa
nese plane from Wuhu.
Their condition caused fears that
many of the refugees en .route from
the scene of the bombing on Amer
ican and British gun boats might be
suffering similarly from shock and ex
posure.
“Kept Guns Blazing.”
Jim Marshall, Far Eastern cor
respondent for Collier's magazine, as
serted the Panay opened fire on the
Japanese planes at the beginning of
the attack and “kept her guns blaz
ing until the last minute."-'
Mr. Marshall was wounded by
Shrapnel in the neck, stomach,
shoulder and chest.
F. Hayden Vines of Roanoke. Va„
also wounded, said both the Panay
and the three Standard Oil vessels
attacked with her were well marked
and "there could be no doubt that
they (the Japanese) saw the Ameri
can flags waving from the ships and
painted on their decks.”
(Japanese statements said the
attacking flyers reported they
could see no flags or other mark
ings to show the vessels were not
Chinese.)
Hodge Sent to Hospital.
The third American survivor to
reach here. John L. Hodge, Panay
fireman, was sent to a hospital im
mediately.
The three men were accompanied by
Flag Capt. O'Donnell of the British
gunboat Ladybird Capt. O'Donnell
suffered a shell-splintered arm when
the Ladybird was bombed Sunday.
“The Japanese firing was disgrace
fully poor, otherwise they would have
»unk us,” he said.
Meanwhile, the United States gun
boat Oahu and the Ladybird, accom
panied by Japanese mine-sweepers,
arrived just below Nanking with addi
tional survivors of the Panay bombing
and anchored until dawn. The Oahu
reported they expected to arrive in
Shanghai Friday afternoon.
Mr. Marshall had made his way to
Wuhu after the attack which destroyed
the Panay and damaged three Stand
ard Oil Co. ships Sunday.
"The Japanese planes dropped 12
bombs around the Panay and the
Standard Oil vessels,” the writer re
lated.
“They came so low’ it was impos
aible for them not to know the Panay
Was a foreign ship.
“The visibility was excellent.
“The first bomb hit the forecastle.
When the ship began sinking the cap
tain ordered her abandoned.
“All passengers and crew members
Jumped overside.
“I landed on the deck of the Meian
(one of the Standard Oil vessels) and
helped the captain pull up anchor to
get under way.
"I was on the Meian when I was
(truck in the shoulder by shrapnel.
Anders Critically Wounded.
“After the gun crew fired until the
last, Anders (Lt. Arthur F. Anders),
who was wounded and unable to talk,
took a piece of white chalk and scrib
bled on the side of the ship: ‘Take
to boats. Stay as close to shore as
possible. Then swim and send boats
back.'
“When the Meian was sunk, I
•truggled ashore. Hodge helped me.
We walked with Vines 20 miles before
we were picked up.
“The first night we slept in a Chinese
farm house, where we were royally
treated. The second night we slept in
the quarters of Capt. Yone Masuda.
Japanese artillery officer at Taiping,
,, who provided us with a truck for
Wuru.”
Flags Everywhere on Ships.
Mr. Vines, who was on board the
Standard Oil steamer Meian when the
attack occurred, gave a vivid account
Of the bombing.
“The Standard Oil Co.’s ships and
the Panay were clustered together,
(See SHANGHAI, Page A-4.)
WARMER WEATHER,
SLEET OR RAIN DUE
Temperature Expected to Bise to
Freezing Mark Tonight—81
Becorded This Morning.
Warmer weather accompanied by
sleet or rain was in prospect today
after a week of intense cold in Wash
ington and throughout most of the
United States.
The forecast said: “Sleet or rain
this afternoon and possibly tonight;
slightly wanner, with a low of 32 de
grees tonight; tomorrow mostly cloudy
and warmer.”
The mercury got down to 21 degrees
early this morning and was mounting
gradually today. The maximum yes
terday afternoon was 34 degrees.
The temperature hovered at freez
ing this afternoon, and there was a
prospect that out-of-town highways
might be coated with ice by nightfall
V S-_
I
Marshall Was Carried to Safety
On Panay Fireman’s Shoulders
* | 1 1
Crew Member Discov
ered Writer Passed
Out on Tracks.
By REGINALD SWEETLAND.
By Cable to The Star.
SHANGHAI, Dec. 15.—James Mar
shall, Collier's correspondent,
and John L. Hodge, fireman,
first class, U. S. N., arrived in
Shanghai this evening aboard a Jap
anese naval flying boat with the story
of the bombing of the Panay and their
later escape.
Marshall and Hodge both were
wounded. Tonight they were showing
! the signs of their terrific experience.
| Stretched out in a hotel room, Marshall
was hoarse, due to his neck wound,
! while Hodge was in a near state of
1 exhaustion.
Hodge, a Panay fireman, who is from
Salura, Ala., was aboard the Standard
Oil vessel Meiping. which was moored
close to the Panay and used for a
’ naval recreation club. Marshall was
| on the Panay when the vessel was
i bombed. Hodge, a lanky, fair-haired,
JIM MARSHALL.
blue-eyed 26-year-old, played a hero’s
part.
! "He saved my life,” Marshall
huskily told me.
Hodge agreed that he found
Marshall, passed out, sitting on a
tSee MARSHALL, Page A-4.)~
TOKIO GUARANTEES
SOUGHTBYBRITAIN
Eden Desires Definite Ac
tion to Prevent Recur
rence of Attacks.
Bv the Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 15.—Foreign Secre
tary Anthony Eden informed Com
mons today that Great Britain is seek
ing definite action by Japan to guard
against recurrence of attacks on Brit
ish shipping.
He said the Japanese government
realizes the recurrence of such inci
dents in the Far East must impair
relations between the two countries.
Would Define Attitude.
The note being dispatched today
would define the British government's
attitude "toward the whole series of
incidents, emphasizing the serious
ness of the situation thus created and
requirements which, in their judg
ment, flow from it,” Mr. Eden said.
The foreign secretary added that
the note would further draw attention
to "aspects of recent grave incidents
not covered by the note of the Jap
anese government.”
Japanese Note Read.
In reply to a question by Clement
Attlee, the Labor party leader. Mr.
Eden read a Japanese note tendering
an apology for attacks on British ships
and saying immediate steps were
being taken to prevent further at
tacks. The note said the Japanese
would deal suitably with those re
sponsible for recent attack.? and pay
necessary compensation for damage.
The British cabinet, in a general
review of the danger to empire in
terests arising from the Japanese
Chinese conflict, has considered send
ing more warships to the Orient. The
cabinet specifically studied the ques
tion of w’hether Hongkong, . crown
colony on the South China Coast, was
threatened.
-•
HEIRS OF O’NEIL, OIL
FIGURE, ASK $2,500,000
Son and Daughters of Man In
volved in Teapot Dome Scan
dal Charge Losses to Bank.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Dec. 15.—A son and
two daughters of the late James E.
O'Neil, a storied figure in the oil in
dustry and one of those involved in
the Teapot Dome scandals, are de
manding $2,500,000 from the National
City Bank, claiming it was neglectful
in managing the $5,000,000 trust fund
left by their father.
Counsel for the O’Neil heirs—
Wayne Vincent O’Neil, Mrs. Teresa
Snyder Tauney and Mrs. Mary Tourky
—contends the bank by its failure in
1929 to sell certain stocks on a high
market had deprived the estate of some
$2,500,000.
The bank, through its attorneys,
claims it had no right to sell the stock
without O’Neil’s written permission.
O’Neil died in France in 1931, an
expatriate who had been sought un
successfully as a witness in the Teapot
Dome lease inquiry.
BINGHAM’S CONDITION ,
“FAIR” AFTER OPERATION
Bt the Anoclatee Press.
BALTIMORE, Bee. 15.—The con
dition of Robert W. Bingham, United
States Ambassador to Great Britain,
who underwent an operation at Johns
Hopkins Hospital yesterday, was re
ported ’.'fair” today.
Dr. Winford H. Smith, hospital su
perintendent, said the envoy’s general
condition was good after an explora
tory operation, and that no further
operation was contemplated.
The surgeon, Dr. William F. Rein
hoff, Jr, said the operation disclosed
"an inflammatory condition in various
parts of the abdominal cavity, in some
of the glands, but there was no
evidence of malignant tumor.”
Prolonged treatment would be're
quired, Dr. Smith indicated.
BOMBING BELIEVED
ORDERED By JAPAN
Officials Here Say Tokio
Wanted U. S. to Lose
Face With Chinese.
Bv CONSTANTINE BROWN.
Eye witnesses’ reports regarding the
sinking of the U. S. S. Pana.v and
the bombing of two other American
ships begin to reach Washington. All
the witnesses who are telling the
story of the drama are men whose
word is beyond question. And so far.
their stories indicate the action of
the Japanese flyers was without any
doubt premeditated and that the air
men followed orders.
Although the statements of the
witnesses have not been officially con
firmed, American officials in close
touch with the situation are of the
opinion that the bombing of the
American ships was ordered by high
quarters. The reason for this is be
lieved to be that the Tokio govern
ment wanted to make us lose face
with the Chinese and at the same
■ time frighten Americans living in
China and compel them thus to leave
the country where they have been
established for more than half a cen
tury.
At present the Japanese govern
ment is endeavoring to set up a
puppet state in the newly-conquered
provinces.
Despite the failure of the Brussels
Conference and the passive attitude
of the W'estern powers regarding the
invasion of China, the majority of
the Chinese leaders still believe their
only hope is an intervention by the
European powers interested in the
preservation of China’s integrity.
“Dummies” Hard to Find.
This makes it somewhat difficult
for the agents of the Tokio govern
ment to find the necessary dummies
to place at the head of China’s affairs.
If America was slapped in the face
violently, it wras thought in Tokio, a
feeling of despair might take hold
of the Chinese and they might give up
all resistance.
The haste with which the Japanese
government has apologized to the
American Government is considered
by many officials in Washington as a
splendid piece of propaganda work
and intelligent diplomacy.
There is no doubt that, the Tokio
government ddis not want a conflict
with this country. It is also true that
the Japanese government knows the
(See DIPLOMATIC, Page A-4.)
CHIEFS CONFIDENT
OF BEATING ATTACK
ON WAGE MEASURE
Bankhead Plans Night Ses
sions if Necessary for
Final Action.
AMENDMENTS RULES
MAY BRING LONG DELAY
\
House Group, Meanwhile, Calls
Off Hearings on War Refer
endum Proposal.
By thr Associated Press.
House leaders expressed confidence
today they could defeat an impend
ing move to send the wage and hour
bill back to committee for revamp
ing.
Speaker Bankhead said he was sure
the leadership would prevail and an
nounced his intention to hold night
sessions, if necessary, to complete
action on the measure this week.
Dallying tactics, however, kept the
House from considering amendments
to the bill. A quorum call was de
manded and ordered, when only a
handful of members gathered for
the day's work.
More Involved parliamentary weap
ons were in the hands of those en
deavoring to sweep the administra
tion's measure into discard. Rules re
garding amendments made possible an
indefinite delay in obtaining a vote
on it.
The House Judiciary Committee,
meanwhile, called off hearings on a
measure requiring a national referen
dum before any war could be declared.
Points to Petition.
Chairman Sumners, pointing out
that by signing a petition members
had ordered direct House action on
that resolution, said the committee
‘ decided under all the circumstances
it would not at this time proceed with
hearings.”
The Senate, like the House, was
threatened with night sessions. Ma
jority Leader Barkley was consider
ing whether to order a meeting to
night to continue debate on the farm
bill. One of the first matters to come
up today was a new demand by Sen
ator Vandenberg. Republican of Michi
gan, for a limitation'on expenditures
to be made under the measure. A
similar Vandenberg proposal was de
feated yesterday.
These are details of the complicated
situation confronting the House at
noon:
Chairman Norton of the Labor
Committee wanted to substitute a re
printed version of the bill, containing
several committee amendments, for
the draft originally offered last sum
mer. Democratic chieftains are back
ing yie committee legislation.
Substitutes Ready.
Under the rules, any other substi
tues had to be voted on before the
Norton proposal was disposed of. At
least six members, all from the North
or West, had substitutes ready. Adop
tion of any one of them would sup
plant the committee bill.
All but two of the substitutes would
Impose uniform wage-hour standards
on all Industries in Interstate com
merce and leave enforcement either
to the Department of Justice or the
Federal Trade Commission.
One of them, introduced by Repre
sentative Dockweiler, Democrat, of
California, had the indorsement of the
American Federation of Labor. It
provided for a flat 40-cent-an-hour
minimum wage and a 40-hour week.
The committee’s bill, however, con
tained flexible provisions empowering
a Government authority to fix mini
mum wages up to 40 cents an hour
and a work week of 44 hours or more.
It would permit consideration of local
economic conditions, living costs and
freight rates in determining such
standards.
Denounced and Praised.
The House heard both denunciation
and praise of the legislation yesterday.
Neither the opposition nor the support
was confined to sectional groups, some
Southern members having finally
agreed to support the administration
measure because of its wage dif
ferentials.
Republican Leader Snell of New
York asserted the country was deter
mined to relax Government restric
tions on business and declared Con
(See WAGE-HOUR, Page’ A-3.)
Summary of Today's Star
page. page.
Amusements B-12 Lost & Found D-4
Christmas Obituary ...A-14
Story _B-7 Radio _D-4
Comics . D-10-11 Society _B-3
Editorials ...A-14 Sports_D-l-3
Financial ...A-21 Woman’s Pg. .C-4
FOREIGN.
Tokio guarantees are . sought by
Britain. Page A-l
Marshall is carried to safety by Panay
fireman. Page A-l
Panay fought to last, survivor de
clares. Page A-l
Japanese willing to salute American
flag. Page A-4
Future U. S. rights in China in ques
tion. Page A-5
453 Hoover refugees are landed in'
Manila. Page A-4
U. S. considering naval demonstration
against Japan. Page A-l
Missing "Robinsons” provide interna
tional mystery. * Page a-4
NATIONAL.
U. S. officials believe "high command1’
ordered bombing. Page A-l
More rigid wage-hour bill sought by
militant House blocs. Page A-l
Madden defends Labor Board after
Burke’s charges. Page A-2
Hungary expected to make partial pay
ment on war debt. Page A-2
WASHINGTON AND NEARBY.
Drastic parking ban approved in traf
fic safety drive. Page A-l
Woman, 83, kills great-great-grand
son, 2; tries suicide. Page A-l
D. C. gets $3,000,000 few slum'clearance
program _ ^age A-l
District grand jury returns vz indict
ments. Page B-l
Health Service begins check of mental
hygiene here. Page B-l
Train victim “didn’t know what he was
doing,” says coroner. Page B-l
Death of woman 70 brings traffic toll
to 98. Page B-l
Bar Association tables stricter stand
ards issue. Page B-l
SPORTS.
Pro grid teams held lacking in fun
damentals of defense Page C-l
Honey rolls set of 715 to take lead in
Star tourney Page C-2
Louis believed to have been asleep at
Schmeling fight Page C-3
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. Page A-14
This and That. Page A-14
Answers to Questions. Page A-14
Washington Observations. Page A-14
David Lawrence. Page A-15
The Capital Parade. Page A-15
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-15
Constantine Brown. Page A-15
Lemuel Parton. Page A-15
MISCELLANY.
Service Orders. Page B-15
City News in Brief. .Page C-2
Bedtime Story. Page C-2
Nature's Children. Page C-3
Dorothy Dlx. Page C-4
Betsy Caswell. Page C-4
Men's Fashions. Page- D-4
Shipping News. Page D-4
Vital Statistics. Page D-4
Cross-word Puzsle. Page D-M
Letter-Out. Page D-H
Winning Contract Page D-ll
n •
_THE WEEK BEFORE CHRISTMAS!
FLEEI MAY RUSH
Show of U. S. Strength May
Be Made in Manila or
Even Shanghai.
By WILLIAM A. MILLEN.
The Roosevelt administration Is
considering a naval demonstration
against Japan, it was learned in
Washington today. It may take the
form of advancing the fleet maneuvers
in the Pacific, now scheduled for
March and April.
Secretary Swanson and Admiral Wil
liam D. Leahy, chief of naval opera
tions, were silent on the subject, for
as yet the Navy officially has no plans
other than the fleet maneuvers in the
spring It is known, however, that
the problem has been discussed in
formally among naval officials.
Questioners at the Navy Depart
ment were referred to the State De
partment and to President Roosevelt,
who must—in the last analysis—decide
on any special naval demonstration
apart from the war games. It would
be a drastic step and almost a last
resort, short of actual warfare, to im
press on the Japanese government that
Uncle Sam means business after the
sinking of his gunboat Panay.
Britain Unlikely to Help Much.
Among the possibilities under con-'
sideration are the sending of the fleet
to Honolulu, to Manila, or even to
Shanghai, where the United States
Asiatic Fleet, comprising some 41 ves
' sels, has its headquarters. A joint
naval demonstration by the United
States and Great Britain has been
under discussion for some time, but it
is considered dubious here that the
London government would send its
main fleet away from troubled Europe
at this critical time. Great Britain
might, however, join the United States
in such a show of power by adding its
warships now on duty in the Orient.
Admiral Arthur J. Hepburn, com
mander in chief of the United States
Fleet, left Washington a few days ago
with plans for the new war games in
his pocket, after his recent duty on
a selection board at the Navy De
partment. Naval authorities empha
size that the war games, officially
know-n as “Fleet Problem No. 19,"
have been planned for the past six
months. Admiral Hepburn consulted
with Secretary Sw’ansoi and Admiral
Leahy and went into details with the
War Plans Division of the Office of
Naval Operations.
The forthcoming war games call for
the United States Fleet to be split up
into two rival groups—usually des
ignated the “Black” and the "Blue”—
with orders to proceed to certain des
ignated points to test the mettle of
men and ships, under war conditions.
As now planned, the war games are
to be held from the middle of March
to April 24, in the area bounded by
Alaska, Hawaii and Samoa, which is
considered to be a “major strategic
defensive area.”
f amous worm Cruise Recalled.
In past war games by the fleet in
the Pacific, especially in the region
of Hawaii, some Japanese newspapers
and public figures have found fault
with Uncle Sam’s battleships ap
proaching so near to Nippon. But
the United States Government has as
sured Japan that the war games were
long considered, had no hostile intent
and that the warships would not pass
westward of the 180th meridian. The
forthcoming war games in the Alaska
Hawaii-Samoa area would not pass
westward of this line, officials pointed
out, but the holding of the maneuvers
in January and February would be
calculated to impress Japan with re
spect for the American fighting ma
chine and duplicate President Theo
dore Roosevelt’s move, directed at
Japan, when he sent the fleet around
the world, starting just 30 years ago
on Thursday.
The dispatching of the fleet around
the world was the climax of a series
of irritations,
40 U. S. SHIPS IN ORIENT
Officers and Men of Asiatic Fleet
Number 4,850.
by the Associated Press.
Forty warships of the Asiatic Fleet,
including six river gunboats of the
type of the bombed Panay, were in
Chinese and nearby Philippine waters
today, Navy records' showed.
American commercial vessels in the
Far East included the stranded liner
President Hoover, ashore off the coast
of Formosa, and several other liners
plying their regular routes to Japan
(See DEMONSTRATION, Page A-3.)
-!
President Bans
Formalities in
Receiving Envoy
President Roosevelt will establish
another precedent this afternoon when
he receives informally in his office
Scnor Don Leon De Vale, newly ap
pointed Minister from Nicaragua.
This means that the formal Blue
Room of the White House will r.o
longer be used for such occasions and
that both the President and the diplo
mat will be attired in informal clothes
instead of the customary wing col
lar. cutaway coat and pin-striped
trousers, formerly worn on such oc
casions.
Moreover, the President and his
visitor will laugh and chat while they j
sit and smoke instead of standing
stiffly as has been the custom in the ;
past. Mr. Roosevelt, several years i
ago, abolished the old custom of ex- j
changing diplomatic speeches when'
receiving foreign representatives for j
the first time. His custom has been i
since to receive the letters of credence i
from the foreign representative and !
hand to the latter his prepared speech
and receive from the visiting foreigner
his speech in return, thereby doing
away with the vocal delivery of these
stereotyped, formal utterances.
j
SLUM CLEARANCE
- I
$3,000,000 Grant to Aid
Work in All Sections
of District.
Reinforced with a $3,000,000 grant
from the United States Housing Au
thority, the District of Columbia Al
ley Dwelling Authority was prepared
today to push ahead with the slum
clearance program on which it al
ready has embarked, Director John
Ihlder said today.
The grant was announced late yes
terday and more than half is to be
expended before July 1, under present
plans.
The work is to be carried out in all
sections of the city, Mr. Ihlder ex
plained, adding that the program al
ready devised by his organization
calls for the reconstruction of 176
squares. The grant will not be suffi
cient to care for all of this, however.
Already, the authority has expended
$860,000 in reclaiming all squares, he
said.
Larger Areas Objective.
Limited funds heretofore available
have prevented the Authority from go
ing ahead in the larger areas where
housing congestion exists, and it was
indicated that these now will be the
objective.
It was explained, too, that the Dis
trict contributes its share to the
building program just as do those
municipalities which are expected to
make a 10 per cent contribution* to
the housing fund when taking adven
tage of its provisions.
When rentals are fixed for the liv
ing quarters set up they include a
basic figure which provides amortiza
tion and interest charges; insurance
and taxes as figured on the District
(See HOUSING, Page A-3.)
WOMAN, 82, SLAYS
Fearful of Custody Loss, She
Kills Child With Razor,
Then Tries Suicide.
A constant fear that the 2-year-old
child she had raised from birth was
to be taken away from her led an
82-year-old colored woman to slash
her great-grandson to death today
with a razor and then attempt to
take her own life.
The alleged murder and attempted
suicide occurred when officers went
to the home of Mrs. Emma Horton,
1621 Thirteenth street N.W.. where
they found her great-grandson dead,
his throat cut. Mrs. Horton's throat
also had been slashed and she was
bleeding profusely.
At the time, the woman was sched
uled to appear in Juvenile Court at
a hearing to determine whether the
child, Frederick Horton, a ward of
the Board of Public Welfare, should
be recommitted to the care of that
agency.
Officials of the Child Welfare Divi
sion of the board said they could not
explain w’hy she was fearful that the
child was to be taken away from her,
as they had expected to ask the Juvenile
Court to commit him to their care
for another year.
Mrs. Horton was taken to Gallinger
Hospital, where, after being treated
for injuries, she was committed to the
psychopathic ward for mental observa
tion.
She said the boy’s mother died the
day after he was born. On a petition
of destitution, the Juvenile Court
placed Frederick under supervision of
the Board of Public Welfare when
he was only a few weeks old. and the
board placed him in the care of Mrs.
Horton and an aunt of the child,
Katherine Horton.
About three weeks ago, the thin,
aged woman said, “some one came to
my home and made me sign several
papers, and I didn't know what they
were.”
"A welfare worker shoved some pa
pers under my face and told me to
sign them. I didn't know what they
were, and when I asked, she wouldn't
tell me. I thought they were going to
take the child away.
"I didn’t want them to take Fred
erick.” she said in a quivering voice.
“I loved him like my own.”
Child welfare officials said they
couldn’t explain to what papers she
was referring, but suggested they
might have had some connection with
the old-age pension Mrs. Horton has
been receiving under the Social Se
curity Act
PNEUMONIA PARLEY
Dr. Ralph L.'Fischer, chairman of
the Committee on Control of Pneu
monia of the American Osteopathic
Association, conferred with Surg. Gen.
Thomas Parran, jr., of the United
States Public Health Service yester
day in connection with a crusade
against pneumonia.
Dr. Fischer said after the confer
ence that his committee stressed the
need for Government aid in making
typing-serum available to private phy
sicians. hospitals, clinics and research
institutions for wide use in more com
plete diagnosis of pneumonia.
Society Will Present Show
In Christmas Toy Campaign
“The Smiling Minstrel99 Will Be Given
Saturday Afternoon—Many Or
ganizations Join Drive.
Tune in Radio Station wmal at
6:30 tonight and hear Lee Everett
of the National Broadcasting Co.
staff, who has an appealing Christ
mas message for you.
Members of the diplomatic set,
Washington cave dwellers and debu
tantes—all of society in the Nation’s
Capital, in fact—will be present when
a Christmas play, "The Smiling
Minstrel,” is presented Saturday after
noon at 5 o’clock at the Mayflower
Hotel for The Star-Wamer Bros.
N. B. C. Christmas campaign. Some
of them will be stage hands behind the
scenes, some will be before the foot
lights and others will be in the audi
ence. But they’ll all be there.
Miss Nancy Loiter, business man
Hk
f i
ager for the show, reported today that
'tickets are going fast and that the
financial success of the play seems
assured. Cash proceeds will be divided
between the Parent-Teacher Associa
tion and Metropolitan Police Depart
ment, to be used to give the needy
folk of Washington a merry Christmas.
Gary ' Cooper, Laurel and Hardy,
Mickey Mouse and Joe E. Brown—
these are some of the film stars who
will entertain you Saturday morning
at toy matinees in 14 Warner Bros,
theaters. This is the seventh year the
toy matinees, where a new toy or
article of clothing is the only price of
admission, have been given just before
Christmas, and this year Washington
society Joins them in offering enter
(See TOY C UGN, Page A-8.)
PARLEY ON SAFELY
FAVORS RIGID BANS
ON O.jJARKING
Program Includes Crowded
Areas and Prohibition
Effective at Night.
ACTION BY CONGRESS
WARNED BY SCHULTE
Group Is Aroused Over 98 Deaths
in Traffic—Says “Slaughter”
Must Be Stopped.
A prohibition against all automo
bile parking in the congested section,
adoption of a pedestrian control reg
ulation plan and a ban on all-night
parking constitute the paramount fea
tures of a far-reachifig traffic safety
program approved today by a group
of members of the House District
Committee and police and traffic of
ficials.
Unless the District Commissioners
take prompt action to put this pro
gram into effect, according to Repre
sentative Schulte, Democrat, of In
diana, Congress will do it by specific
legislation. Mr. Schulte believes the
Commissioners have the needed au
thority without new legislation.
The program was worked out at a
conference called by Mr. Schulte, who
two years ago served on a special sub
committee of the House District Com
mittee which made an exhaustive
study of Washington's traffic situation.
Aroused over the 98 traffic deaths so
far this year, Mr. Schulte announced
at the outset of the conference he did
not propose “to sit idly by as people
are slaughtered in traffic."
Determined to Take Action.
“We are determined to take drastic
action to stop this slaughter," he de
clared. “Our aim is to make 1938 a
deathless year from traffic in the Dis
trict. People have got to stop jay
walking. Motorists have got to stop
driving wild.”
The conference was attended bv
Representatives Arnold of Illinois and
McGehee of Mississippi. Democrats,
both members of the District Commit
tee: Police Supt. Ernest W. Brown.
Traffic Director William A. Van Duzer
and Police Inspector William E.
Holmes.
Another conference will be held
i early next week to which the Com
l missioners and Corporation Counsel
Elwood H. Seal will be invited.
| Mr. Van Duzer pointed out that set -
; eral years ago he recommended a
I pedestrian control regulation, but it
: was pigeon-holed at the District
Building. He declared pedestrians then
and now were largely responsible for
the present high traffic death rate.
He submitted a statistical report
showing that of the 98 deaths this
year, 40 of the victims were pedes
trians who did not cross at street in
tersections.
Approves Pedestrian Laws.
Mr. McGehee said he approved a
pedestrian control regulation. "I ja>
wralk myself." he declared, "but I
wouldn't do it if I knew I would be
arrested.”
"One of the first things that must
be done to make the streets safe is to
eliminate downtown parking." Mr.
Schulte said. "You police and traffic
officials can tell the Commissioners we
want it done. We will accept the re
sponsibility. We attempt to legislate
for the majority, not for a vicious
minority that might oppose a parking
ban. The streets are designed for the
movement of traffic, not as a storage
space for automobiles.”
Prior to adoption of a regulation
forbidding all-night parking, Maj.
Brown said he would have the police
department make a survey of all va
cant property in the District where
cars could be stored at night. Mr.
Schulte proposed to pay the owners of
these lots for their use. either through
an appropriation for that purpose or
relieving them of the annual real
estate tax payment.
Increase in Patrol.
In addition to the proposed new
regulation, the secondary part of the
safety program approved at the con
ference includes:
1. A substantial increase In the
motor cycle patrol force.
2. An increase in appropriations for
traffic signs and markers.
3. A prohibition against parking
within 50 feet of an intersection or 20
feet behind a building line. Cars now
(See SAFETY, PagiTaTT)
FIRM’S TAXES EQUAL
TO WAGESJOR 6,500
Westinghouse Official Says levies
Have Jumped $13,500,000
in Two Years.
By the Associated Press.
PITTSBURGH, Dec. 15.—A. W.
Robertson, chairman of the board of
the Westinghouse Electric & Manu
facturing Co., said today the increased
taxes the company has paid since 1935
would be sufficient to pay wages of
6,500 unemployed men.
In a protest against increased taxa
tion, telegraphed to Chairman Pat
Harrison of the Senate Finance Com
mittee, and Chairman Fred Vinson
of the House Subcommittee, Robertson
stated;
“It is well to remember that money
paid in taxes cannot be paid in
wages."
He said the Westinghouse company’s
taxes have increased 600 per cent
since 1934; from $2,500,000 four years
ago to more than $16,000,000 in 1937.
The Increase since 1935, he said, has
been more than $11,000,000.
"Perhaps taxes we are collecting
to pay for relief are the very things
causing unemployment,” the manu
facturer said.
"Money can be spent only once.
Tax money is lost to employment."
He listed the Westinghouse com
pany’s yearly tax bill for the past
four years as; 1934, $2,500,000; 1935,
$5,000,000; 1936, nearly $9,000,000, &n4
1937, more than $16,000,000.
9
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