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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 15, 1937, Image 4

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Japanese Say 18 Americans
Remain in Captured
China Capital.
By th» Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Dec. 15.—The Japa
nese Embassy said today 27 foreigners
—including 18 Americans—who were
within the walls of Nanking when
Japanese troops stormed and captured
the Chinese capital city, were all re
ported safe in & message from Nan
king.
Beside the Americans, there were
six Germans, two Russians and a
Briton who chose to remain in the be
leaguered city, rather than evacuate
on a river boat as many other endan
gered foreigners did.
The Embassy report said there were
150,000 Chinese in the "safety zone.”
Embassy Undamaged.
There were no foreign diplomatic
officials remaining in Nanking, ac
cording to the Japanese information.
The Japanese Embassy was reported
to have escaped damage, but the
Japanese said they were uninformed
about how other diplomatic establish
ments had fared in the fighting.
Sketchy reports from the war front
Indicated hard fighting was in progress
beyond Nanking where the Japanese
Army, driving steadily into the in
terior. was combating Chinese along
a new defense line established ap
proximately 5 miles northwest of the
fallen capital.
Survivors of the Panay bombing told
of the area along the Yangtze being
embroiled in large-scale battle. The
Chinese apparently rallied about 140,
000 men on the new line at Puchen
in a desperate effort to halt the Japa
nese advance.
Japanese Establish Base.
Gen. Iwane Matsui. commander of
the troops conquering Nanking, set up
field headquarters there and reorgan
ized his forces for speedy continuation
of the interior campaign.
The Chinese forces were reported
throwing up fortifications along the
Tientsin-Pukow Railway, across the
Yangtze River frotn Nanking.
Nanking forces still were mopping
up in the war-ravaged city, according
to the meager advices filtering through
to Shanghai, and the casualties of
the hand-to-hand struggle for Nanking
apparently were enormous.
Yangehow Captured.
Spearing out 35 miles northeast of
Nanking last night, a Japenese force
surprised Chinese defending Yangehow
and captured the walled city.
The Yangehow onslaught followed
a defiant rejection by Gen. Mah Siao
chen, commanding the Chinese force
there, of Gen. Matsui's request that
he surrender.
Another Japanese column advancing
along the Yangtze River captured for
tifications and 22 large guns outside
Nanking.
A Japanese Army spokesman here
said that while Nanking was in Japa
nese hands, occupation of the area
was not complete because Chinese
guns ^t the Lion Hill forts had not
been silenced and other batteries in
the western hills still were firing.
Great Celebration Tonight.
The Japanese announced a great
celebration today in the fallen capital
with Vice Admiral Kiyoshi Hasegawa
and other high army and navy officers
participating. Hasegaw’a commands
the Japanese naval forces in the Chi
nese campaign.
Proclamations signed by General
Matsui plastered the walls of build
ings in Nanking, urging Chinese civil
ians to return to the homes where
their ancestors lived and prospered.
The proclamation declared the ob
jective of the Japanese forces was
to exterminate anti-Japanese troops
and not to harm peaceful persons. It
threatened severe punishment for any
who hindered the Japanese operations
or harmed Japanese soldiers.
MENKEN REPORTS TO YARNELL.
All Foreigners Safe in Nanking, U. S.
Admiral Informed.
By the Associated Press.
Admiral Harry E. Yamell, Asiatic
Fleet commander, informed the Navy
Department today that A. B. Menken
of the Paramount News Reel organiza
tion had reported via the Japanese
Consulate that all foreigners were safe
in Nanking.
The Navy also was advised by the
commander of the American gunboat
Oahu at 1 p.m. (Shanghai time) Wed
nesday that she was departing for
Shanghai in company of the British
gunboat Ladybird and the Japanese
gunboat Hodzu. The gunboats have
aboard survivors of the Panay, Ameri
can gunboat that was bombed and
sunk Sunday.
Admiral Yarnell's advices included
a report from Japanese naval head
quarters at Shanghai that five Ameri
can and British newsmen, including
Mr. Menken, made inquiries aboard
the Japanese gunboat Seta at 3 p.m.
(Nanking time) yesterday as to the
best way to reach Shanghai from Nan
king.
The four other newsmen were C.
Yates McDaniel of the Associated
Press, A. T. Steele of the Chicago
Daily News, Tillman Durdin of the
New York Times, and Smith of the
Reuters (British) agency.
The Japanese commander said they
were informed they could go by a
Japanese naval vessel if they desired.
He added that all were staying at the
American Embassy, which apparently
was unharmed.
Yarnell said the Japanese com
mander made no mention of casual
ties to Americans or other foreigners
at Nanking.
Control Heavy Industries.
To control heavy industries in
Manchuria a company has been organ
ized with nearly $150,000,000 capital.
Missing “Robinsons” Provide
International Mystery Case
- i,-.
Nantes on Passports
Those of Children
Dead for Years.
By the Associated Press.
The American family Robinson—
“Donald Louis Robinson” and “Ruth
Norma Robinson,” who disappeared
I In Mcwcow recently—was providing
Government officials with a baffling
international mystery today, after
State Department officials declared the
names on the couple’s passports were
those of children who died years ago.
The passports, issued to the couple
by this country on April 6, 1936, bore
names evidently taken from New York
tombstones, the department said, and
nothing actually is known of the real
identity or nationality of the pair.
Numbered 265019 and 265020, respec
tively, the passports were issued on
birth certificates carrying the assumed
names.
Thus, what began as the mystery
of two Americans who disappeared
from a Russian hotel had deepened
into an international enigma with even
more spectacular ramifications.
Who are they? What prompted
them to go to Russia and to use Il
legally obtained passports? Why did
they drop out of sight in Moscow?
Where are they now?
“Taken to Hospital.”
These are questions for which the
State Department set out to find
answers while it prepared to turn the
case over to the Justice Department in
routine manner.
As Mr. and Mrs. Robinson, the
couple was said to have arrived in
Moscow on November 6 to witness
the celebration of the twentieth anni
versary of the Bolshevik revolution.
The interest of the American Em
bassy there was aroused when “Mrs.
Robinson” told callers last week that
her husband had been taken to a
hospital on December 2 suffering
from pneumonia, but that she did not
know the name of the institution.
The next day, acquaintances found
that she, too, had disappeared from
the hotel without a trace.
The Embassy sought the aid of the
Soviet foreign office in locating the
couple, but received no information
concerning them. Whether they are
in the hands of Soviet authorities who
wish for some reason to keep the mat
ter secret, has been a question for
speculation.
Tombstone Names.
Its suspicions aroused by the lack
of information, the State Department
began delving into their passport
records in the hope that relatives in
this country might throw some light
on their disappearance. Investigators
failed to find any record of family
connections. Then they began comb
ing the documents used as evidence of
citizenship.
This evidence consisted of birth
certificates certified by the New York
Vital Statistics Bureau. Birth records
showed that a Donald Louis Robinson
was born on March 25, 1905. and that
a Ruth Norma Birkland was born in
Brooklyn on December 28. 1909. “Mrs.
Robinson" gave her maiden name in
her passport application as Ruth
Norma Birkland.
Special agents discovered that these
two persons actually had died five
years after their births and are now
buried in New York City cemeteries.
Starting from an old apartment
house in West Forty-sixth street, in
New York City, Federal Investigators
sought to determine whether interna
tional intrigue lay behind the disap
pearance.
When they applied for passports,
they had directed that the documents
be mailed to them in care of M.
Marshall
(Continued From First, Page.)
railroad track. He had stumbled upon
another American who told Hodge:
“It is every man for himself.”
“I just did not see things that way,”
declared Hodge. “So I put Marshall
on my back and hiked along; I do
not know how many hours.”
Sitting tonight in a dressing gown,
waiting for the doctor, Marshall point
ed to his shoes. “There are my only
possession,” he said. Hodge admitted
that the shoes he wore were not even
his own.
Hodge’s Story.
Simply stated, Hodge’s story was as
follows:
“I was on the bridge of the Meiping
with three others, including the cap
tain, when we heard Japanese planes
roaring overhead. They circled over
at a considerable height as though
taking sights. Then the next thing
I knew the Meiping bridge was hit.
All of us fell face down.
“Fortunately 1 was at the bottom
of the pack and escaped with only a
slight wound in the left leg, but the
man next to me—I believe it was the
Soconv manager—had a head which
was one huge wound.
"The captain ordered me to dash
below. There I filled my pockets with
first-aid equipment in a cabin beneath
one mass of broken glass and furnish
ings. Then I regained the bridge and
say planes swooping over the Panay.
Machined-Gnnned.
“We turned to and managed to get
the fires out, then began steering the
Meiping to the beach of the northern
bank of the Yangtze River. As we
approached Japanese Army machine
gunners turned their guns on us, so we
steered over to the southeci bank.
“I found myself all alone and
started walking along the railroad
track towards Wuhu, when I came
upon Jim Marshall sitting half un
conscious on the railroad tracks. I
tried to give him first aid, then up
came some foreigner, whose name I
did not know, who said, ‘Every man
for himself.’ He breezed off, so I
picked up Marshall and carried him
along.
“Time? I had no conception of
time. But I came to a Chinese farm
house which had been thoroughly
looted—no food, nothing. We passed
the night there, shivering, both of us
half naked, for on leaving the Meip
ing somebody tore off half of my un
dershirt to bind up the Socony chief’s
head wounds, while I tore oil the
other half to bind up Marshall's neck.
’’Next day we walked to Taiping, 13
miles away, and came to a French
Catholic mission, but found it de
serted. Then we came across three
Japanese Army officers who took us
to their quarters. They gave us
brandy, bread and good food and even
surrendered their beds to us, which
were gratefully accepted.
“Next day they drove us by auto
truck into Wuhu, where we went to
the American Missionary Hospital.
There Dr. Brown attended us. In the
morning a Japanese seaboat came and
picked us up and brought us to
Shanghai. I guess that is all there is
to it.”
Marshall was too weak to talk much.
He added that he was aboard the
Panay when the vessel was bombed
and tried to get onto the Meiping, but
the Meiping swung around and side
swiped the Panay. The Standard oil
vessel Meian was alongside and Mar
shall jumped onto it and helped haul
up the anchor since “the whole deck
crew of the Meian had been blown
overboard.”
(Copyright, 1937.)
FOREIGN LIQUOR SUPPLY
ADEQUATE FOR HOLIDAYS
By the Associated Press.
Holiday supplies of foreign liquor
in the United States should be—ade
quate.
The Treasury announced today that
imports of such liquor declined in Oc
tober, but for the first 10 months of
the year were far ahead of the similar
period last year.
JAPAN CONSIDERS
I). S. FLAGSALlfTE
Military Honors for Slain
Americans Also Are
Weighed.
By the Associated Press.
TOKIO, Dec. 15.—Japan, already
having apologized and offered Indem
nity for warlike attacks on the United
States gunboat Panay and three
American-owned steamers, was pre
pared today to go “even further If
necessary” to meet the diplomatic
emergency, government officials said.
As an additional gesture of regret, it
was said, a national salute to the
American flag and military honors for
the Americans killed Sunday in the
Yangtze River incident were under
consideration.
The general public was deeply con
cerned, although the Japanese press
published little concerning the senti
ment in Washington or the United
States and refrained from editorial
comment.
Headquarters Statement Published.
The newspapers, however, did print
a long statement of the Imperial Head
quarters, the highest Japanese mili
tary and naval organ, in which it was
charged that three gunboats among
the several vessels attacked by naval
flyers fired on the Japanese warplanes
when the Panay was sunk.
The headquarters statement declared
that the Japanese airmen had re
ported the vessels “carried no flags”
and that “many soldiers, apparently
Chinese, were sighted aboard them.”
The press also carried Foreign Min
ister Koki Hirota's note to United
States Ambassador Joseph C. Grew in
which Japan tendered "sincere apolo
gies,” promised “indemnifications for
all losses” and to “deal appropriately
with those responsible for the inci
dent” and announced “strict orders”
had been issued to prevent a recur
rence of the incident.
A foreign office spokesman, saying
that “nobody is qualified to say any
thing about the Emperor,” declined
to confirm or deny a report that Hiro
hito would grant an audience to the
foreign minister for presentation of
a memorandum from Prescident
Roosevelt.
Earlier a high Japanese official said
that the gist of the Roosevelt mem
orandum had been delivered to the
Emperor.
Regarding Japan's next moves In
the tense diplomatic exchange, the
foreign office spokesman replied to all
questions: “We are still gathering in
formation. Hence it is too early to
discuss procedure.”
Citizens Display Regret.
The display of Japanese regret at
the attack on the Panay and three
Standard Oil steamers took turns
which wTere strange to Occidental
eyes.
A delegation of seven schoolgirls In
their 'teens and their teacher visited
Ambassador Grew to express sorrow.
Their spokesman said, “The Japanese
women have no words to apologize
sufficiently” and voiced a hope that
Japanese-American relations would
not be affected.
Mr. Grew thanked the group and
promised to relay the girls’ sentiments
to Washington.
Another group of high school girls
called at the navy ministry and left
a sum of money to be sent to the
United States “for the relief of the
unfortunate Americans aboard the
Panay.”
New Mile-a-Minute Tank Tested
MBMataatnnaBa—aa ... . ,4
A mechanic has just abandoned the controls of this six-ton tank in which he roared over a
meadow near Westfield, N. J., at 51 miles per hour. The tank, invented by J. Walter Christie,
70, was tested at the airport yesterday ana is destined for the British Tank Corps. It is 4 feet
high, is powered with a 430-horsepower airplane engine, and is armored with 11-16-inch steel.
It is 18 feet long and 7 feet wide. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Panay Writer
Has Visited in
Capital Lately
Jim Marshall, the Far Eastern cor
respondent of Collier’s magazine, who
was injured in the sinking of the
gunboat Panay, has visited Washing
ton on several occasions in the last
two years with his wife, Mrs. Peggy
Marshall.
While here he wrote two features
on life in the Capital, one an “ex
pose” of alleged rackets of social
“dictators” who supervise debutante
parties of out-of-town girls, and an
other, a humor story about seeing
Washington from a ’’rubber-neck’’ bus.
For a score of years before his as
signment with Collier’s, Mr. Marshall
was a newspaper columnist in Seat
tle. Last spring, the son of Mr. and
Mrs. Marshall, an only etiild, died of
pneumonia on the West Coast a day
before the boat bearing the parents
arrived in the home port from the
Far East.
The son was the managing editor
of a weekly newspaper.
Diplomatic
(Continued From First Page.)
administration is ready to protect
its interests in the Far East with all
the might it has at its disposal. But
the task of the administration would
not be easy if public opinion was not
behind the government. And with
great wisdom the Japanese govern
ment decided that a quick apology and
the payment of an indemnity would
satisfy the rank and file of the Amer
ican people.
Details Kept Quiet.
Details of the steps of the Japan
ese government can be kept quiet in
Japan. That is to say, the foreign
office can give out to the Japanese
press only those points which would
satisfy the people that their govern
ment has done everything possible
to repair an “unfortunate mistake.”
Once the American 'government is
compelled to accept the full apology
of the Japanese—the Chinese will not
be impressed by this because they
know the Japanese methods—the task
of Japan to establish its puppet gov
ernment in the conquered provinces
will be easy and when the second in
cident occurs the American people
might react less violently than they
have reacted now.
This, it is believed in well-informed
quarters, is the reason for the attack
of last Saturday and the quick apology
which followed it.
It is because of this situation that
President Roosevelt requested that any
guarantee demanded from the Jap
anese that such an incident will not
reoccur should come directly from
Emperor Hirohito himself. The civilian
government means nothing in Japan.
But an assurance from the Emperor
himself whose word cannot be ques
tioned by the army leaders, means a
real guarantee. It is for the same rea
Panay Victims
ONE KILLED IN BOMBING OF
U. S. GUNBOAT.
CHARLES L. ENSMINGER,
Storekeeper aboard the U. S.
gunboat Panay, who was
killed when the vessel was
bombed and sunk near Nan
king. He was from Ocean
Beach, Calif.
CECIL BERNARD GREEN,
Seaman aboard the Panay,
who suffered shoulder wounds.
He is from Tulsa and in a re
cent letter to his parents made
light of Oriental marksman
ship. »
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
son that the incident will remain open
until such an assurance—the form in
which it comes is immaterial—is re
ceived in Washington.
Shanghai
(Continued From First Page.)
with United States flags everywhere
on them when the Japanese planes
appeared,” he said.
"I was standing on the deck, watch
ing the craft zoom over, reconnoiter
ing. They wheeled and began lining
up for the bombing.
"I knew what was coming. I ran
inside and dived under a table, which
action I believe saved my life, as it
broke the force resulting when the
shrapnel and bombs came.
"The Japanese attacked repeatedly,
flying low and loosing explosives.
There could be no doubt that they
saw the American flags waving from
the ships and painted on their decks.
I managed to get ashore, where Japa
nese soldiers gave first-aid treatment
to my wounds.
“Accompanying Marshall, who also
was wounded, and Hodge, I walked
20 miles and got to Taiping Monday.
Japanese soldiers supplied a truck to
take us to Wuhu.”
A report spread among survivors still
at. Hohsien that two Japanese war
ships struck mines while steaming up
river after the bombing and that both
were sunk or beached. This could
not be confirmed, but it was known
that there were many mines in the
river.
Mr. Vines was given an anti-tetanus
injection immediately after his arrival
in Shanhai.
“I still hear the roar of planes
power-diving over the Panay,” he
sttid, "and then the horrible scene
when the bomb crashed and the ter
rific explosions.
"I can't bear now to think about
what we went through. I can hardly
remember just what happened except
that the entire affair was a night
mare.”
All foreigners involved in the inci
dent, except three known dead, were
reported safe and either aboard the
vessels or ready to embark. The United
States cruiser Augusta listed 16 wound
ed in the tragedy. Other reports gave
names of two more wounded.
r
453 Debark From McKinley.
Liner Refloating Is
Doubted.
B> the Associated Press.
MANILA, Dec. 15.—Laughing and
cheerful, 453 passengers from the
shipwrecked Dollar liner President
Hoover were landed in Manila today
by the President McKinley.
A cosmopolitan crowd of Americans,
Filipinos, Japanese and Chinese—all
of them much more concerned than
the shipwrecked refugees—was at the
dock.
Plates Feared Ripped.
While salvage experts in Manila ex
pressed the opinion the President
Hoover never would be refloated, sal
vagers from Hong Kong were expected
alongside the liner today. It was
feared bottom plates of the Hoover
were ripped open when she grounded
on the jagged reef Friday midnight.
Clothing of many passengers was
spotted by oil dumped overboard from
the Hoover to calm seas while they
were put ashore.
Passengers Uninformed.
The passengers knew little about the
grounding of the Hoover. Several said
they heard officers had discovered the
vessel was off its course.
All agreed the huge ship did a
smooth Job of piling up. They said
the vessel went ashore with only three
slight bumps.
Capt. George W. Yardley, com
mander of the Hoover, and his officers .
were lauded by the refugees for the
manner in which they landed their =
passengers under hazardous condi
tions.
FRANCE, REICH TO SIGN
TREATY ON FRONTIERS
Ceremonies to Be Held Tomorrow
at Foreign Office In Paris.
Officials Silent.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, Dec. 15.—The foreign of
fice today announced an agreement
between France and Germany con
cerning frontiers would be signed to
morrow at the French foreign office.
Officials declined to comment on
details of the agreement.
DONTIAr
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RUTH NORMA ROBINSON.
S DONALD LOUIS ROBINSON.
—A. P. Photos.
Deutsch, 12 West Forty-sixth street.
Inquiry at the building showed that
Martin Deutsch, a sculptor, now liv
ing in Hollywood, had a one-room
studio apartment in the building but
was not in the city at the time of the
passport applications.
A. J. Robertson, renting agent, said
that in Deutsch's absence the apart
ment was occupied by a family named
Friedlander. They remained there
about 10 months, leaving last April.
Deutsch, in Hollywood, disclaimed
all knowledge of the “Robinsons,”
adding that apparently "some one
knew I was away and used by name
and address to receive mail.”
The renting agent said there was
no resemblance between the man he
knew as Friedlander and “Robinson.J
but the picture of “Mrs. Robinson”
bore some resemblance to Mrs. Fried
lander.
Before the passports were mailed,
Robinson requested the State Depart
ment to address them to him at the
Drama League Travel Bureau, which
was the address he used in Moscow.
No one could be found at the travel
bureau who knew the Robinsons.
As long ago as last August Soviet
authorities were on the watch for
Americans named Robinson. When
the Swedish-American liner Grips
holm docked at Leningrad on August
10, Soviet police went aboard inquir
ing for Robinsons, and three persons
of that name were denied permission
to land. At the offices of the ship line
here, however, it was said that none
of them was named Donald L. Robin
son.
ITALY’S ’39 BUDGET
RAISED $66,661,047
One-Fifth of Increase Approved
by Cabinet Is for Arms—Total
Estimates $1,301,825,561.
By the Associated Press.
ROME, Dec. 15.—The Italian cabi
net today approved an estimated in
crease of 1.266.559.890 lira <$66,661,
047) in the ordinary budget for the
fiscal year 1938-9. About one-fifth of
the increase was for armaments.
The proposed budget totaled 23,
035,106.948 lira ($1,301,825,561). Es
timated receipts indicated a budgetary
surplus of 37,422,466 lira ($1,945,968 i.
The war ministry budget was placed
at 2,591,066,946 lira ($134,735,481), an
increase of 100,000,000 lira ($5,200,
000) over the current fiscal year.
| ,
The same Famous
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cite that we have han
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priced low for cash and car
ried FRFE directly into your
bins without dumpinr on curb.
White Ash Stove, $12.80
E«__ *12.80 Nut *12.80
Pea-*11.00 Bckwt.SU.25
Virginia Anthracite—
Hard Stove, *10.25: Nut, *10
Pea, *8.00: Soee. S.&P., *9.00
Pocahontas—
The finest aoft coal mined for
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Stove. $10.75: Nut. tlO.OO.
Md. Smokeless Egg, $9.75
Fairmont Egg_$8.75
Clean Coal, Full Welfht
FREE STORAGE * e • *
B. J. WERNER
1937 5th N.E, NOrth 8813
AUCTION SALE
Monday and Tuesday
December 20th and 21st at 1 P. M. Each Day
Period and Modern
Furniture and Furnishings
Oriental Rugs. China and Silverware.
Bric-a-Brac*, Art Objects
ON EXHIBITION
Thursday, Friday, Saturday From 9 to 6
December 16, 17, IS
UUflSH?nGT0n @3lL€RI€S
and XAjubuimt lAxtxnnl inc
722 13m SI. \.w . “HAS?*

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