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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 21, 1937, Image 10

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THE EVENING STAR
With Bandar Morning Edition
THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor
WASHINGTON, D. C.
TUESDAY_December 21, 1937
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
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the use for republication of all news dispatches
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All rights of publication of special dispatches
herein also are reserved
Wire-Tapping.
Wire-tapping, long struggling under
the stigma of prohibition era abuses,
has been dealt a death-blow by the Su
preme Court.
Starting out as a justifiable means of
outwitting the criminal, the eaves
dropping-by-wire crime detection tech
nique came upon evil days when pro
hibition agents adopted it. A cry arose
against it as an invader of personal pri
vacy. It became a symbol of uncon
• stitutional snoopery, of governmental
espionage extended into the very homes
of the citizenry.
Law enforcement authorities debated
its merits, congressional committees in
vestigated its use by Federal agencies,
victims of wire-tapping evidence con
tested its validity—but the lower courts
and finally the high tribunal upheld the
practice as constitutional.
Under this legal sanction, Federal law
enforcement agencies, following the de
mise of prohibition, strove to give wire
tapping a semblance of respectability.
It began to prove of value in checking
the incomes of gamblers and other
racketeers who were evading income tax
payments. Smugglers, counterfeiters and
a variety of other law violators found
themselves trapped by tapped wires.
The G-men were chary in using the
listening-in technique, chiefly because
their chief, J. Edgar Hoover, was never
enthusiastic over wire-tapping. He was
on record before a congressional commit
tee as holding the method to be “un
ethical'’ except under exceptional cir
cumstances. He authorized the tapping
of wires only in so-called "life-and
death” cases, including kidnapings, and
then merely as a source of clues, not as
trial evidence.
It is said a number of dangerous kid
napers might be at large today, instead
of on Alcatraz Island, but for “leads”
obtained by G-men by tapping gangland
telephone lines. Mr. Hoover has felt it
was not unethical to invade the privacy
of a kidnaper’s telephone wire, especially
when the life of a victim was at stake.
Justice Sutherland, in his dissent from
the majority opinion, feels the same way
about it. He points out that now “the
most depraved criminals” will be secure
in the knowledge that they may plan
their crimes by telephone without fear
of Federal interloping.
The thought is somewhat disturbing.
Congress should give serious considera
tion to this phase of the question—pos
sibly with a view to amending the Fed
eral Communications Act so as to per
mit wire-tapping for investigative pur
poses in kidnaping and other heinous
crimes.
Lowell Mellet.
To all newspaper men who know him
as a fellow member of the craft and to
the community which has come to know
him through his newspaper, the resig
nation of Lowell Mellet as editor of the
Washington Daily News is a matter of
real regret. He is a first-class news
paper man, a rich personality and a
valued citizen. He has exercised an in
fluence for good in this city which will
not be soon forgotten.
Whatever may be the new duties
which call him from active newspaper
work, The Star ventures to speak for
many in wishing him happiness, health
and prosperity. Whatever he does, one
may be assured that it will be done
honorably and well.
Santa Claus is a smooth old gentleman,
who speaks with eloquent persuasion in
every dialect. It is confidently expected
that he will be trained to understand
even the sound of the submarine boat or
the noise of the airship.
One big job that a military official
must face is that of really being as great
in thought and influence as the uniform
he is sometimes compelled to wear would
indicate.
Ambassador Bingham.
Robert W. Bingham was not well
known in Washington. He had played
a quiet part in national affairs for many
years, but perhaps it was his choice to
avoid the brighter limelight. In any
event, the Capital respected him without
being intimately acquainted with him.
Born in North Carolina, Mr. Bingham’s
career was more particularly set against
the background of Kentucky. As pub
lisher of the Louisville Courier-Journal
and the Louisville Times he exercised an
Influence of dynamic character in the
State of his adoption and, indirectly,
throughout the country. His views were
liberal, and because he was possessed of
a natural endowment of courage he
found himself, on occasion, among the
leaders of reform. But he was not a
dogmatic radical. Even with regard to
free trade, he professed a willingness to
listen to reason.
Yet the principal motive power of Mr.
Bingham’s life was not logic. Rather,
it was a brave and frank idealism predi
cated upon sentiment. He loved what
he loved passionately and without apol
ogy. His heart was big, his instincts
generous, his enthusiasms uncompromis
ing in their intensity. He could not pre
tend a tolerance which he did not feel.
Neither was he capable of pallid intellec
tualized emotions. His opinions were
rigid, and he altered them only when
his spirit—not merely his mind—had
been convinced.
Patriotism, as might have been ex
pected, meant much to Mr. Bingham
always. Devotion to Louisville, to Ken
tucky, to the South, to America and hon
orably to England dominated him. His
biography could be written in terms of
the affections he cultivated and main
tained. A lengthy chapter necessarily
would be required to tell of his services
to journalism, especially to the Asso
ciated Press.
But the moment, of his passing is too
early to appraise Mr. Bingham ade
quately. He rests, yet he is not gone.
His example, if nothing else, remains.
On both sides of the Atlantic he is
mourned and will be remembered. When
the annals of his generation are com
piled he will have his place in them as
an Ambassador of the American people
to their British friends as well as of the
United States to the Court of St. James.
Crisis Near in Spain?
As Spain's civil war faces its third
calendar year, with the military situa
tion in its seventeenth month of dead
lock, Loyalist lortunes have suddenly
taken a turn for the better, which may
possibly be of decisive character. After
a long succession of almost uninter
rupted Insurgent victories like the cap
ture of Bilbao, fully two-thirds of the
country, north, west and south, is in
Franco's hands. But he has been seriously
checked at Teruel, easternmost salient of
the drive to split government Spain.
The ancient city, protected by medieval
battlements and lying some 140 miles
east of Madrid, is the spearhead of
Franco's plunge deep into Aragon. Sur
prised by a Loyalist enveloping move
ment of between 50.000 and 70.000 troops,
Teruel is now undergoing an assault that
threatens momentarily not only to de
stroy it but to entrap the formidable In
surgent army which had been set the
task of tightening Franco's “starvation”
hold on the government lifeline between
Madrid and Valencia. Final attack on
Teruel has been withheld by the Loyal
ist command only long* enough to per
mit the civilian population to flee to
safety. The city's fall will constitute
the greatest government victory since
the shattering of Franco's Italian legions i
at Guadalajara.
Its capture may prove the beginning
of the Insurgents' end. Indications of
their possible approaching doom have
been accumulating since fall, in conse
quence of the repeated postponement of
Franco’s much-advertised “decisive of
fensive.” For mysterious reasons, this
has not come off. Rebel aircraft have
spasmodically raided Madrid, Valencia
and Barcelona, but mass military move
ments against the Loyalist strongholds
in Catalonia and throughout the area
north and south of the old capital to
the Mediterranean have never been
launched except in the form of bluster
ing manifestos.
Two theories are current. One is that
Franco’s allies—Mussolini and Hitler
have tired of waiting for Insurgent vic
tory, and no longer think the Spanish
game is worth the candle. Italy, in par
ticular, though II Duce only recently re
affirmed devotion to Franco's cause, re
veals diminished interest in it. Another
explanation of the rebels’ failure to en
force decisions supposedly within their
grasp is the effectiveness of the Anglo
French Mediterranean patrol, which has
largely nullified the Insurgent blockade.
Joint Italo-German anxiety for improved
relations with Great Britain, too, has
cooled the ardor of Franco's Fascist
confederates.
All existing conditions, international
as well as military, suggest the immi
nence of decisive events. The rival
forces are now approximately equal,
though the Insurgents, with superior air
strength, hold an advantage which may
turn the tide in their favor.
An alliance between the two great
English-speaking nations is often men
tioned. Numerous historic instances may
be cited to show that it already exists.
There is romance in a flve-and-ten
cent store but the old folks have to work
it out to an intelligible and satisfactory
finish.
-s --
Privilege vs. Right.
While not unexpected, the Supreme
Court’s indirect approval yesterday of
the authority of the District Commis
sioners to revoke or suspend the driving
permits of motorists who violate cer
tain regulations was welcomed by local
officials upon whose shoulders rests re
sponsibility for reducing traffic hazards
in Washington. The high court’s action
came in the form of a refusal to review
a decision of the United States Court
of Appeals for the District, which had
held that the Commissioners did not ex
ceed their authority in authorizing the
suspension for fifteen days of the oper
ator’s permit of a motorist who had
pleaded guilty to a speeding charge. This
amounts to approval by the Supreme
Court of the action of the Commis
sioners.
The motorist affected, although rec
ognizing the difficulties inherent in traf
fic regulation and the potency in ‘this
respect of the power to withdraw driv
ing permits, contended that the statute
conferring the authority on the Com
missioners was unconstitutional because
it represented an illegal delegation of
power by Congress, that it deprived him
of property and rights without due
process of law, and that it contemplated
A
the imposition of a cruel and unusual
punishment for a misdemeanor.
In reply to these assertions, the Corpo
ration Counsel, acting on behalf of the
Commissioners, told the justices of the
Supreme Court that they had ruled in an
earlier case that ‘‘an automobile is,
potentially, a dangerous instrumental
ity, as the appalling number of fatalities
brought about every day by its opera
tion bear distressing witness.” With
these facts in mind, the Corporation
Counsel continued, it should be remem
bered that the operation of an automo
bile is “a privilege and not a right,” and
that properly constituted authorities,
conferring the privilege, can take it
away, provided their action is not ar
bitrary or capricious.
There can be no dispute with the
proposition that the sanctioning of this
position by the Supreme Court will be
of material aid to local authorities in
their determination to eliminate the
motorist who proves himself to be a
menace to public safety.
L**t the Blind Alone!
Just why it should be necessary for
the Government to step in and “super
vise”—for a price—nine stands in Fed
eral buildings here which have been a
source of livelihood for blind operators
for the last four years is beyond compre
hension, even in a day when government
takes many unusual turns.
Here are eight men and one woman
who, under the direction of the Colum
bia Polytechnic Institute for the Blind,
set themselves up in business, let their
wares speak for themselves, and asked
favors of none.
Now, because of a law passed eighteen
months ago and designed to improve the
economic condition of the blind by open
ing Federal buildings to their sales ven
tures, the nine stands that predated the
legislation are to be taken under the
protective wing of the Office of Educa
tion in the Interior Department and
their operations controlled by the Wel
fare and Recreation Association, along
with othe>- Government concessions.
Instead of the conductors of these
enterprises being permitted to keep all
profits, as under the present system, the
new plan, to be effective January 1, will
exact a fee figured by the operators as
twenty per cent of their net. This is for
the item of supervision, which also is
understood to entail an expansion pro
gram. Along with it, their independence
goes.
When, despite the tragic handicap of
blindness, men and women are able to
go along on their own, they deserve more
than a bureaucratic ball and chain.
This is going to be a wonderful holiday
season, though not altogether joyous as
the Mikado attains to a definite realiza
tion of his personal importance when a
warlike situation is disclosed on the
east coast of Asia.
It now becomes a duty to study
Alcatraz to decide whether as an escape
proof prison it is only another of those
failures.
Shooting Stars.
BY PHILANDER JOHN80N.
Guardianship.
The small boy is a'friend so true;
The small girl is an ally, too.
They bravely bring their forces out,
Defying every gloomy doubt.
They call from yonder dusty shelves
The gnomes, the fairies and the elves,
Who gather round, once more, in glee,
As guardians of the Christmas tree.
The boy and girl now bid us look
Once mor% upon the story book,
And hail the forces as they come
With music set to horn and drum,
While we obey—and are content—
A leadership so confident,
And earnestly rejoice to see
These guardians of the Christmas tree.
Disappointments Inevitable.
“Of course, some holiday wishes must
be disappointed.”
"Yes,” answered Senator Sorghum. “It
is beyond the power of human benevo
lence to give everybody precisely the kind
of relief he desires.”
Jud Tunkins says a boy with a Christ
mas horn and another with a drum can
make a jazz orchestra sound musical by
comparison.
Brotherhood.
I value his successes new
Which Fame is happy to discuss.
And his mistakes I value, too—
They prove he’s human, just like us.
Points of Interest.
“Did you enjoy thp scenery?"
“We missed the best of it,” said Mrs.
Chuggins. “Our new car travels so fast
that we had to give most of our atten
tion to gas tanks and police stations."
“To be overgenerous with advice,” said
Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, “will
leave only the regretful remembrance of
making thankless gifts.”
Salesman de Luxe.
Friend Santa Claus, with zeal immense,
Helps to assuage our cares,
And holds a helpful influence
In practical affairs.
The Christmas saint our praise must win
Upon each annual trip.
Old Santa is a leader in
The art of salesmanship.
"Perseverance is all right,” said Uncle
Eben, “unless it keeps you busy makin’
de same old mistakes."
Feathering and Fluttering.
From the Schenectady Ouette.
Sketchy picture of the world, 1937:
Three nations grimly feathering their
nests; the others fluttering around like
frantic old hens.
In Training.
From the Illinolc State Journal.
Why rail at the employe who watches
the clock? He may be in training for
promotion to the Job of night
V
I THE POLITICAL
MILL
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Coalition raised Its head openly in the
Senate yesterday. Senator Bailey, Dem
ocrat, of North Carolina; Senator Van
denberg, Republican, of Michigan and
others who have been at work for sev
eral weeks on plans for a combination
in the Senate dedicated to putting an
end to the present business recession,
told the Senate and the world just what
they were aiming at. They believe that
the time has come for Democrats and
Republicans to get together in an effort
to reassure business and industry in this
country. If this means a coalition
against some of the administration’s "re
forms,” as undoubtedly it does, it can be
regarded as a forerunner of fierce bat
tles to come.
How far the coalition movement will
go it is impossible to say with certainty.
It assuredly has possibilities. The pub
lication a few days ago of plans for the
proposed coalition seemed to take the
starch out of the movement for the
time being. The Republican leader of
the Senate, Senator McNary of Oregon,
frowned quickly upon the movement,
saying that those who joined would be
regarded as merely a new set of "Liberty
Leaguers.” After the matter had been
aired in the Senate yesterday, however,
it took on a different complexion.
Senator Vandenberg, who is fre
quently mentioned as the next Repub
lican presidential nominee, started talk
ing coalition months ago, declaring he
was ready to join with Democrats who
stood willing to put an end to the steady
growth of bureaucracy and the concen
tration of powers in the hands of the
President. It was not at all strange,
therefore, to find him one of the prime
movers in this Democratic-Republican
coalition in the Senate. It is frankly
his opinion that alliance of the anti
New Deal forces is as certain by 1940 as
death and taxes.
A A A *
Whether the coalitionists obtain a
large number of signatures to their plan
or not is immaterial if they can get the
votes in the Senate. One of the biggest
fights in the coming regular session of
Congress will be over the appropriation
bills—over how much money is to be
appropriated and how it is to be han
dled after it is appropriated. Many
members of Congress are aroused over
the manner in which appropriations
have been handled by some of the ex
ecutive agencies. Big lump-sum appro
priations, for whatever cause, will be
resisted vigorously. There will also be
a determined effort to cut down the size
of the appropriations for many of these
newly created Government agencies, as
well as for the older departments and
bureaus. While the budget has not yet
been made public, most of it has been
laid before the Appropriations Commit
tee of the House so that it could begin
work, through subcommittees, on the an
nual supply bills.
It Is reported that the appropriations
for many of the Government agencies,
in the budget, have been increased in
stead of decreased. This is not in line
at all with the desires of many of the
anti-New Deal Democrats or even with
those who have gone along happily with
the administration. The storm clouds
are growing darker and darker. With a
congressional election coming on, the ad
ministration leaders are talking glibly
about getting all the appropriation bills
through Congress and such other legis
lation as is necessary and adjourning in
April or by May 1. They are due for a
rude awakening, however, if the contests
over the money bills develop as they now
threaten to do.
There are many Democrats in the Sen
ate and House who have taken their
stand against the President, either on
the old court bill, the wages and hours
bill, or some other measures. They have
heard from Senator Guffey of Pennsyl
vania and from other administration
followers that they should be cut down
and slaughtered politically. These gen
tlemen will not look w’ith particular
favor on large appropriations of money
to be used by the administration as it
sees fit in their States and congressional
districts. That is the kind of appro
priation that might be used to ham
string each and every one of them.
* * *
The special session, now about to wind
up, has been productive only of dis
sensions. Instead of bringing the Demo
crats more strongly together, back of
the President, it has been the means of
new entering wedges. The President has
not obtained his wages and hours bill.
The crop control bill cannot be put
through, if it is ever put through, until
some time in the regular session which
opens next month. Nothing has been
done about his bill for the reorganization
of the executive agencies of the Govern
ment, nor about the regional T. V. A.’s,
which he has proposed for the various
sections of the country. The defeat of the
wages and hours bill in the House, while
it may be attributed to a strange coali
tion of members who dislike this legisla
tion and others who believe, with the
American Federation of Labor, that it
does not go far enough, was neverthe
less a majqr reverse for the White
House. It is almost in a class with the
defeat which the President met at the
hands of the Senate during the last ses
sion, when his court reform bill was
recommitted. '
Administration leaders are saying that
the special session was beneficial in that
it really gave Congress a chance to get
a lot of debate out of the way. so that the
regular session, opening January 3.
can go ahead. But can it go ahead?
That is just the point. The discussion in
the Senate yesterday by the would-be
coalitionists indicates that the adminis
tration is in for hard sledding unless it
is willing to go ahead along lines dis
tinctly designed to aid business, rather
than reforming it. The speed with
which the House and Senate have dealt
with the President’s recommendations
for housing legislation, intended to aid
industry, is indicative of the spirit of
Congress today—Just as the action of
the House when it turned down the
wages and hours bill and sent it back to
committee is indicative that many mem
bers are fed up with Government domi
nation of thfe ordinary affairs of the citi
zens.
* * * *
Although both houses have put
through a crop control bill—that passed
by the House differing greatly from that
which the Senate finally voted—not
many members know or could say ex
actly what these farm bills contain or
will do or will cost. That legislation
still has a considerable distance to go.
But the farmers seem assured of sub
stantial subsidies—even if they are ac
companied by a compulsory system.
Republicans outside of the thin blue
line in Congress are trying to stir up
things. They have been at work on a
committee of one hundred to draft a
declaration of principles. The Repub
licans in Congress do not think much
of this kind of work. But then the Re
publicans outside of Congress do not
think highly of the l^epablicans in Con
gress—some of them. When former Gov.
Alf M. Landon of Kansas, 1930 standard
' bearer, announced recently he would not
be a candidate again for the presidential
nomination, he undoubtedly did it with
a hope that former President Hoover
would make a similar statement, and
ekar the atmosphere.
X
THIS AND THAT |
BY CHARLES E. TRACED ELL.
“Dear Sir:
“Here in the heart of the city we have
a large and constant window ledge
bird clientele.
“For the past six days we have neither
seen nor heard a bird of any kind.
(Pigeons excepted.)
"Not even a sparrow has been sighted.
We are beginning to fear they may have
frozen to death during the cold snap.
“Or do they hide away somewhere
until warmer days come?
“If you can shed any light on the sub
ject will you do so?
“Sincerely, M. P. C.”
* * * *
No one need fear that birds will freeze
if plenty of food is provided.
That is the purpose of feeding them, to
keep them from freezing to death.
If they get plenty to eat they will live
through the severest cold.
When they suddenly disappear from a
place they have been feeding happily,
one may feel sure that something has
happened in the neighborhood to drive
them away for the time being.
Rest assured that they have scouts out,
keeping an eye on the situation.
* * * *
It is unfortunate that these quick
disappearances often happen just at
Christmas, when so many persons be
come interested for the first time in
bird feeding.
One plop out of a Christmas air rifle,
and every single bird will leave a feed
ing station.
Where before from two dozen to a
hundred songsters were feeding con
tentedly, there will be only an expanse
of well-trodden ground, covered with
scattered seed and husks.
Unusual noise or intrusion of any sort
at the feeding place will have much-the
same effect, but if it is removed the cun
sumers will return shortly.
It is different with the air rifle.
All birds recognize this instrument as
the real thing, the great enemy of bird
life.
This type of gun is as deadly, In many
ways, as its larger cousin, the .22 caliber
rifle.
Many persons have the idea that these
guns are not deadly, but either can put
out an eye or kill.
Just how the idea ever got abroad
that these make good Christmas presents
is difficult to say.
Surely it is unfortunate that the birth
of the Prince of Peace should be cele
brated with gifts of rifles to little chil
dren.
* a * *
The birds are canny.
They understand only too well the
danger to ’hem, so they fly away, and
do not come back, sometimes for the
duration of the entire holidays.
This is particularly unhappy for all
who feed the birds, for there is no time
they would rather have the feathered
folk with them.
Somehow it seems highly appropriate
that, in the Christmas festivals, we think
of the birds, and let them share with us
some of the good things of the world
that come our way.
They cannot share many things, but
foods are "right down their alley."
Breadstuffs of all sorts, fruit, nuts, old
breakfast foods and meals, oats, corn—
these and many others strike the birds
as just right for the Christmas feast.
Especially if there is snow on the
ground, the picture of the feeding birds
is one never to be forgotten.
It is all the more distressing, there
fore, to have this interesting sight
broken, and the birds deprived of their
dinner as the result of carelessness and
thoughtlessness.
* * * *
Owls and various hawks must be kept
in mind, too, when birds suddenly leave
a windowsill or other place where they
have been feeding.
The former is not so likely to be found
in the city, but various small hawks, in
cluding the species commonly called the
pigeon hawk, often invade the city.
Old time Washingtonians will recall
the hawk which lived in the old Post
Office Department Building tower.
Next to a rifle of any kind, hawks are
mo6t feared by the smaller birds.
The entry of one of these predacious
fellows into the picture means the exit
of every bird.
Nor will they show up again for at
least two or three hours, despite the
fact that the hawk may have left a
minute after he arrived.
* * * *
When birds thus suddenly leave, for no
apparent reason, their feeder should
look around and try to find the reason.
Often the hawk may be spied, sitting
on a tree limb high above the feeding
ground.
The silhouette of this bird is unfor
getable.
Small birds never overlook it.
One glimpse of that silent figure, and
they are gone, and nobody can blame
them.
A cat may or may not run birds away,
but he wouldn’t keep them away.
There are cats and cats, Just as there
are people and people.
Cat haters believe that all cats catch
birds, but the friends of cats, of whom
there are many (and among the finest
and moat artistic of people) know better.
They realize that some cats are bad
bird catchers, and that others actually
ignore them.
Cat haters would have been interested
in seeing Tigey asleep in the border
about 10 feet from 50 English sparrows
eating seeds.
The happy clatter of their chirping
stirred the cat to cast a sleepy eye in
their direction, but it was solely a look
of interest, not malice.
It was just as if he were saying, ‘‘Oh,
what's the use? I couldn't catch them
if I tried.”
And he couldn't, of course.
* * * *
Birds which suddenly leave a feeder
do not really hide anywhere.
They simply leave, maybe fly miles
away, where they try to find another
feeding place.
Nowadays thousands of city and sub
urban people are interested in feeding
them.
It is easier for them today to find an
other station well supplied with seeds
and grains than it would have been
five years ago.
To the extent that people use soap,
and feed the wild birds, they are civi
lized.
Keep seed out. if the birds disappear.
Some happy day they will come again,
and bring with them chirps of re
joicing.
■ . ■■ 1 .. "■ 1 ■■■■■■
STARS, MEN AND ATOMS
-- #
Notebook of Science Progress in Field,
Laboratory and Study.
BY THOMAS R. HENRY.
Mitogenetic rays—supposed ultraviolet
radiation given oil by living organism*—
probably don't exist.
At least they can’t be detected by the
most delicate methods known to science.
Such is the substance of a report to
the Committee on Radiations of the Na
. tional Research Council by Drs. Alex
ander Hollander and Walter D. Claus of
the University of Wisconsin.
For the past ten years a great deal
has been written about this supposed
radiation from the tissues of plants and
animals which was supposed to stimu
late the growth or cell division rate of
other organisms in its path.
Several European investigators claim
to have detected it. Many biologists have
accepted it as a fact. Quack doctors
especially have made much of it—going
so far as to claim that every organ of
the body emits radiation of a different
wave length and that the condition of
the organ can be deduced from the vary
ing strength of its output. Even sound
medical investigators have turned to the
phenomenon as a possible clue to the
abnormal growth encountered in malig
nant tumors.
American scientists have remained, on
the whole, rather dubious. The exist
ence of mitogenetic radiation was one of
those things which neither could be
proved nor absolutely disproved, like
mental telepathy or the canals on Mars.
The methods required were very delicate
and left a good deal of room for the
personal equation in interpreting re
sults.
It was to set at rest this question, if
possible, that the National Research
Council supported the University of Wis
consin investigation. Even their results,
the two investigators report, do not ab
solutely settle the question, but they do
establish that the existence of the hypo
thetical radiation cannot be proved by
any methods now known to science.
Various “senders” were used which
were asserted to have given off these
rays in the past—potato tubers, onions,
blood, and various cultures of bacteria.
Cultures of bacteria whose cell division
rate can be nicely demonstrated were
used as receivers. No results whatsoever
outside the limits of observational error
were found.
A second type of experiment was to
try to detect the rays with a Geiger
Muller counter, an extremely sensitive
radiation recording device which should
have been effected by anything of the
supposed strength of this phenomenon.
The counter proved obdurate. So far as
it was conceded the rays were not there.
Still a third line was to determine
whether artificial radiation of the same
strength and wave length actually pro
duced the growth effect. It did not.
Thus the results of the test are en
tirely negative. Mitogenetic radiation no
longer can be naively accepted on some
body’s word. The experiment, however,
produced one positive result which ap
parently reveals a hitherto unknown
natural phenomenon and one which may
be of considerable importance. After
demonstrating to their own satisfaction
that artificial radiation within the same
strength range as the hypothetical
mitogenetic rays did not produce a
growth effect, the two experimenters
bombarded the plants with ultraviolet
radiation with several million times
greater energy than was ever claimed
for the tissue rays. They found a quick,
marked and inexplicable stimulation of
growth.
* * * *
The Aleutian Islands and Alaska ap
parently constituted a nursery of races,
according to Dr. Ales Jpdlleka, Smith
soman Institution curator of physical
anthropology, who has just returned to
Washington after his ninth summer jn
the Far North.
The region today. Dr Hrdlicka says,
presents five distinct, although basically
related, strains:
The long-headed Eskimo of Point Bar
row and eastward along the Atlantic
Coast to Labrador and Greenland.
The broad-headed Eskimo of the Bering
Sea coast.
The Aleuts of the Aleutian chain,
broad-headed with low skull vaults.
The Alaskan Indians.
The oblong-headed pre-Aleuts, whose
remains he found in the Aleutian Is
lands this summer.
Individuals of all five of these races
have shaded into each other, Dr.
Hrdlicka says.
No Time to Hate.
Prom the New York Ttmei.
Almost as great a menace to peace as
the power of Irresponsible dictatorships
is the reaction those dictatorships bring
out in democratic countries. Nationalism
stirs up nationalism, hate stirs up hate,
violence stirs up violence. The progres
sion from one to the other is of deadly
simplicity.
Excesses of violence are, after all. only
only one phase, and a transitory one, In
human nature. The deeper we go into
fundamental emotions the more nearly
alike the human race becomes. Great
praise or great blame for any one frac
tion of it is likely to be equally mistaken.
The love of parents for children and of
children for parents, the seeking for a
meaning in life which inspired religion,
the arts, the sciences—all are interna
tional, all mark the race, not the nation,
and certainly not the accidental political
jurisdiction.
If events now taking place or In the
making drive us to a popular or even a
governmental condemnation of the pol
icies of certain governments, it will be
well for us not to condemn peoples—not
to condemn the peasant or the city work
er who is herded into some firing line
against his inclinations, and not to con
demn the wife or mother who prays for
his safe return.
When this fit of the world's madness is
over, there must be a reconciliation
among peoples and a recognition of the
constructive forces that exist in all coun
tries and all civilizations. Let us con
tinue to remember the kindliness, the
courtesy, the gracious and idealistic
qualities of nations which happen at the
moment to be under a domination of
which we do not approve and which
seems dangerous to the world’s peace.
We can condemn outrages against hu
manity without condemning humanity
Itself.
Cutting Up a Fortune.
Prom the Richmond Neva Leader.
Do you approve the tax laws under
which the widow and daughter of the
late Senator James Couzens, motor mag
nate and wise investor, will receive just
$14,000,000 of his estate of $34,000,000?
The Senator, you remember, at one time
was worth at least $44,000,000. In April,
1929, he gave $10,000,000 of this for child
welfare. Now that State and Federal
taxes are to claim $20,000,000 of what is
left, his life account of thirty-three years’
labor must be set up as follows: For him
self and his family, a good living, much
worry and $14,000,000; for the public,
$30,000,000. Perhaps your deepest eco
nomic sympathies will come to the sur
face when you answer the inevitable
question, Was that a fair split?
ANSWERS TO
QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. HA SKIN.
A reader eon get the answer to any
question of fact by writing The Keening
Star Information Bureau, Frederic J.
Haskin, director, Washington, D. C.
Please inclose stamp for reply.
Q. How many bus** are there In the
United States?—J. B.
A. The total number In 1936 was
120,504.
Q. How much wood can a man chop
between sunrise and sunset?—C. C. W.
A. Mr. Peter McLaren, America's
champion chopper, says that It is rather
difficult to gauge the proper amount
because in most cases it has been over
exaggerated. Also the time from sun
rise to sunset will vary according to the
section of the country as well as the
time of the year. >lr. McLaren further
advises that a man chopping 2 cords
of wood a day or 12 cords for a week
would have produced a good day's work,
and a man chopping 4 cords of wood
from sunrise to sunset would be out
standing.
Q. Who was it who said, Lafayette,
we are here?—A. H.
A. The phrase Is taken from a speech
delivered July 4, 1917, at Picpus Ceme
tery, Paris, by Col. C. E. Stanton.
Q. Did the ancient Egyptians divide
the year into 12 months?—T. M.
A. As long ago as 4241 B.C. the Egyp
tians divided the year into 12 months
of 30 days each with 5 feast days at
the end of each year.
Q. Which President was the last to
wear knee breeches at his inaugura
tion?—H. W. G.
A. James Monroe was the last Presi
dent to wear knee breeches at his inau
guration in 1821. John Quincy Adams,
his successor, wore a plain suit of black
homespun.
Q. Who is called the poet of American
industry?—K. W.
A. Carl Sandberg has been so called.
Q. W'as the material for the corona
tion robe of Queen Elizabeth made in
England?—S. J.
A. The velvet for the coronation robes
of Queen Elizabeth and the royal
duchesses was made from silk grown,
spun, dyed and woven in England. The
silkworms were raised in Kent by Lady
Hart Dyke, who found many practical
difficulties to overcome, but after four
years of experimenting, she now has an
output of 20 pounds of raw silk a week.
The velvet was woven in Essex and the
quality is said to be exquisite.
Q. Has Vatican City its owm coinage?—
A. C.
A. A complete coinage was struck In
1931.
Q. What was Mabel Willebrandt's work
in the Department of Justice?—J. M. B.
A. She was appointed Assistant At
torney General of the United States on
September 27, 1921. She was in charge
of all cases arising out of Federal tax
laws, prohibition, and the Bureau of
Federal Prisons. She resigned in May,
1929.
Q. Does Italy celebrate Armistice
Day?—R. M. H. «
A. Italy celebrates on November 4. the
day of the separate treaty between Italy
and Austria-Hungary. In Italy it is
known as La Vittorta, the victory.
Q. How many employes are there in
the Empire State Building?—H. S.
A. There are approximately 6,500.
Q. Was Henry Clay a Mason?—
H. B M.
A. Henry Clay passed through the
various degrees of Masonry until he be
came a member of the Grand Lodge in
Kentucky in 1820.
Q. Who Invented friction matches?—
J. C.
A. The first true friction match was
not invented until 1827 by a man named
John Walker of Stockton-on-Tees, Dur
ham, England. Ignition of sulphur and
phosphorus by friction was discovered
by Godfrey Haukwitz in 1680 and it was
150 years before this discovery was ap
plied to matches.
Q. Are many people killed by fireworks
celebrating the Fourth of July?—
V. H. D.
A. Statistics made public in 1936 by
the United States Conference of Mayors
indicated that there were more people
killed in celebrating American independ
ence than there were colonists killed in
winning that independence. Only 4.044
Americans were killed in the Revolu
tionary War, while 4.290 persons have
been killed by fireworks from 1900 to
1930.
Q. Can a waSp sting more than
once?—M. A. W.
A. The wasp's sting is in the end of
the abdomen. The sting may be used
many times.
Q. What winter did Gen. Washing
ton spend at Valley Forge?—W. McC.
A. On December 7, 1777, Washington
and his Army encamped for the winter
at Valley Forge. On June 18, 1778,
Washington abandoned the camp and
reoccupied Philadelphia.
1938 Household
Budget Booklet.
Plan your expenditures and keep a
record of them. Then you will begin to
save. Get a copy of the HOUSEHOLD
BUDGET BOOKLET, 1938, prepared by
our Washington Information Bureau.
It tells how to make the best uses of
money, how to spend and to save, and
how to make your money work for you.
Thirty-two pages on special paper.
Twenty pages of thrift hints aijd twelve
ruled accounting pages for keeping a
daily record of expenses and income.
The special paper will preserve your
daily records, in either ink or pencil.
Every household needs this useful serv
ice booklet. Order your copy today.
Ten cents, postpaid.
Use This Order Blank.
The Washington Evening Star,
Information Bureau,
Frederic J. Haskin, Director,
Washington, D. C.
I enclose herewith TEN CENTS In
coin (carefully wrapped) for a copy
of the 1938 HOUSEHOLD BUDGET
BOOKLET.
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