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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 22, 1937, Image 1

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WEATHER.
<U. 8. Weather Bureau Ftorecait.)
Rain and slightly wanner; lowest tem
perature about 40 degrees tonight; tomor
row rain; probably turning to snow and
colder. Temperatures today—Highest,
56. at 3 p.m.; lowest, 32, at 7 a.m.
Pull report on page A-2.
Closing New York Markets, Page 22
86th YEAR. Ro. 34,203. Sarattr.! WASHINGTON, D. C.. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1937-FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. »»» Tw0 0ENTa
U. S. SHIPS READY
TO EVACUATE 300
IN TSINGTAO PORT
Japanese Bombers Roar
Over City as Fear of New
Attack Grows.
AMERICANS ADVISED
BY OFFICIALS TO LEAVE
Outer Mongolian Dispatches Say
Soviet-Influenced Government
Will Aid China.
BACKGROUND— i
Japanese, having extended their
conquest to Nanking and south to
Hangchow Bay, are now engaged in
cleaning up spots In north which
had not been captured during
northern drive. Sunday the pros
pect of a Japanese attempt to en
ter Tsingtao caused two American
warships to be dispatched to north
ern port to protect 300 Americans
in Tsingtao consular district.
Chinese had threatened to destroy
$300,000,000 oj Japanese property
there.
B» tPe Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Dec. 22. — Japanese
bombers roared today over the indus
trial seaport of Tsingtao, where three
United States warships stood by to
evacuate the 300 Americans there, if
necessary.
United States consular authorities
advised Americans to leave as fears
Increased that Japanese would attack
the city in retaliation for destruction
of Japanese cotton mills by Chinese
troops. The United States cruiser
Marblehead, the destroyer Pope and
the gunboat Sacramento were in the
harbor of the city, which is 390 miles
north of Shanghai.
Reports that 30,000 Japanese troops
had left Shanghai for an unknown
destination and that 80 transports
were ready for additional troops gave
Impetus to fears that Tsingtao, as well
as other of China's coastal cities,
would be attacked.
The Japanese planes, apparently
making a reconnoitering flight, dis
appeared shortly and had not returned
later in the day. Tension caused by
their appearance, however, remained
high.
Chinese Plan Resistance.
Chinese set fire to dormitories con
nected with the cotton mills. Authori
ties repeated that they intended to
resist Japanese to the utmost In case
of an attack.
A Japanese Army spokesman an
nounced that he “hoped" Japanese
would capture Hangchow, seaport
south of Shanghai, before New Year
Day, and expressed the wish that
Chinese would withdraw from the
city to prevent possible destruction of
its famous religious structures.
United States authorities at Shang
hai and Tokio notified Japanese that
a flag-decorated train carrying 300
foreign refugees, some of whom were
Americans, would leave Hankow for
Canton tomorrow. The train was due
at Canton from the interior city on
Christmas Day.
There were persistent Chinese press
reports of impending aid for China
from Soviet Russia. One report said
800,000 laborers were building a new
highway through Chinese Turkestan
to permit China to bring in military
supplies from Russia despite severance
of old caravan routes through Japa
nese occupation of North China.
In Hankow, one of the three Chinese
temporary capitals, newspapers pub
lished Outer Mongolian dispatches
saying the Soviet-influenced govern
ment there had decided to assist
China because Japanese operations in
Inner Mongolia menaced Soviet In
terests.
Tokio to Issue Statements.
After describing their version of the
rede played by the Japanese Army in
the Japanese attacks December 12 on
the United States gunboat Panay and
three Standard Oil vessels, Japanese
officials said that henceforth state
ments on the incident would be issued
only at Tokio.
The army, navy and Embassy
spokesmen said army general head
quarters still was conducting an in
vestigation, but that findings would
be disclosed at the Japanese capital.
The army spokesman said that be
fore the bombing of the Panay on the
Yangtze River above Nanking, army
authorities had notified the navy that
Chinese vessels were fleeing upstream
from Nanking and requested that navy
planes strafe them.
American sources reported that Col.
Kingoro Hashimoto had been replaced
as commander of Japanese forces at
Wuhu, but it was not known where he j
had been transferred.
The Japanese Army spokesman said
he had no information as to whether
Hashimoto or any other officer had
been recalled as a result of the Panay
Incident.
U. S. Probe Near End.
Sources on the U. S. flagship Au
gusta said the United States inquiry
on the Panay bombing was nearly
finished. It was understood the find
ings would be messaged to Wash
ington.
Chinese survivors of the bombings,
most of them suffering from exposure,
arrived in Shanghai.
One of three Japanese columns
approaching Hangchow, seaport south
of Shanghai, broke through Chinese
lines at a point only 30 miles from the
city. The only Japanese announce
ment on progress of hostilities said
Japanese planes bombed a Chinese
airdrome at Lanchow, in Yunnan,
and destroyed 14 planes, said to be
of Soviet manufacture.
The British cruiser Capetown, pro
ceeding down the Yangtze from Han
kow, repealed it had on board 1 man,
21 women and 26 children refugees.
It was believed here that all were
British.
Text of former Secretary of State
Mtimson's letter expressing concern
about the Ludlow war referendum
resolution on page A-4.
A ^
Held in Tokio
(Story on Page A-2.)
BARONESS SHIZUE
ISHIMOTO,
Who was seized in Tokio in
what police declared was a
Communist plot against the
government, shown while she
was in Boston last February
on a lecture tour.
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
■ KONG FORCE
1 Great Britain Sends Battal
ion and 16th Note of
Protest to Japan.
Br the Associated Press.
LONDON, Dec. 22.—The war office
announced today that the British gar
rison at Hong Kong would be strength
ened as the government dispatched the
sixteenth protest it has made to Japan
since the outbreak of the Par Eastern
conflict.
Sir Robert Leslie Craigie, British
Ambassador to Tokio, was instructed to
protest a Japanese attack on and
seizure of a Chinese customs vessel in
territorial waters off the British col
ony of Hong Kong, December 11.
The double action followed a 2 Vi
hour review of the Oriental situation
by the cabinet this morning, and yes
terday’s assertion from Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain in the House of
Commons that Japan should not be
deceived by British patience.
The troopship Dunera prepared to
leave Southampton to take aboard the
second battalion of Royal Scots at
Bombay who will go to Hong Kong,
lying off Canton in South China,
which reports have indicated the
Japanese will attack shortly with a
major offensive. The Royal Scots
were scheduled to reach their new post j
January 28.
Note Demands Respect.
The protest also requested assur
ances that Japan would respect Hong
Kong and its territorial waters in
the future.
A Japanese vessel was reported to
have fired on a Chinese boat frofb
outside the territorial waters. When
the boat was beached, Japanese
sailors entered the territorial waters
by motor boats and towed the vessel
away.
The Ambassador was told to ask
that Japan’s naval forces be instructed
strictly to respect the British port
henceforth.
The government is apprehensive
over the southward turn of the
Chinese-Japanese hostilities which en
danger the rich crown colony.
The government announced in April
it planned to spend $40,000,000 to
strengthen Hong Kong’s defenses.
The cabinet also was believed to
have approved preliminary plans for
sending more warships to the Far
East if developments should warrant
such a move. The admiralty was un
derstood to have advised that mini
mum defense requirements in the
Orient demanded dispatch of six cap
ital ships to Chinese waters.
Britain already has 34 naval units
in the Far East.
Cabinet Reaches Decision.
At its last session before the Christ
mas holidays the cabinet was under
stood to have- decided what steps
should be taken in the event of further
incidents in China.
Meanwhile, the government’s atti
tude was to await proof of Japan’s
“determination and ability” to prevent
these incidents in the Orient and at
the same time to keep in close contact
with Washington.
Fresh from the cabinet meeting,
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told
the House of Commons that the pos
sible spread of hostilities in Kwang
tung Province, in South China, was
“being carefully watched.”
He gave assurance that "all possible
protection is being and will be afforded
to our trade interests in South China."
First Lord of the Admiralty Alfred
Duff Cooper indicated, in response to
a question, that the British Navy was
ready for whatever contingency might
arise.
Consider Defense Methods.
Meanwhile, the British cabinet, re
assured by President Roosevelt’s new
statement on foreign policy, considered
possible strong defense measures for
the empire’s Far Bast interests and
possessions.
The President’s message to former
Gov. Alf M. Landon of Kansas saying
the United States owed “some measure
of co-operation and even leadership”
in world affairs took precedence in the
British press over Prime Minint^r
Neville Chamberlain’s address in Com
mons,
Britain’s desire for friendship and
co-operation with the United States
was one of the outstanding features
of yesterday’s Commons session, in
which Chamberlain cautioned Japan
against being deceived by British
patience over Infringement of British
rights.
French to Co-operate.
Foreign Secretary Bden told the
cabinet that he had been assured of
French co-operation in the Mediter
ranean in order to relieve some of the
British ships on duty there.
France also was repotted to bate
offered to let British ships use Indo
Chinese ports which are nearer to the
British crown colony, Bong Bong,
a
CONGRESS HEADED
HOME WITH LURE
DONE IN 5 WEEKS
Adjournment Comes Quickly
After Senate Passes
Housing Bill.
AUTHORITY IS RESTORED
FOR REPAIR MORTGAGES
Prevailing Wage Amendment Also
Is Made in Final Hours
of Debate.
By J. A. O’LEARY.
Members of Congress today were
heading home for Christmas after a
five-week special session in which no
major legislation was completed, al
though the farm and housing bills
reached conference stage.
Democratic Leader Barkley asserted
the session had clipped from six weeks
to two months off the regular 1938
session. The Republican leader, Sen
ator McNary of Oregon, predicted the
regular session would end in May “if
the President doesn’t keep sending new
recommendations to Congress."
Senator McNary, however, asserted
the special session was a failure and
that it “did not in any way carry out
the program of the President."
Adjournment came unexpectedly at
5:12 p.m. yesterday following swift
Senat passage of the housing meas
ure, on which there was less than
five hours of debate.
During that brief period, however,
the Senate reversed its Banking Com
mittee by restoring Federal Housing
Administration authority to insure
repair and modernization mortgages
as well as new home construction.
The committee had knocked repair
work from the House bill.
Other Last-Minute Changes.
Other last-minute Senate changes
in the bill were:
Inclusion of a requirement that
prevailing wages in the community
be paid to workers on housing porjects
insured by F. H. A. This was adopt
ed, 50 to 17, on motion of Senator
Lodge, Republican, of Massachusetts.
Adoption of an amendment by Sena
tor La Follette, Progressive, of Wis
consin definitely laklng farm prop
erty eligible for F. H. A. mortgage in- !
surance under specified terms.
An amendment by Senator Ship
stead, Farmer-Laborite, of Minnesota
making co-operative croups eligible,
the same as limited-dividend cor
poration or other private applicants
for Insured mortgages.
Some supporters of the bill pre
dicted today the prevailing-wage re
quirement would be eliminated in con
ference. They expressed fear building
construction to create employment
would be delayed if the prevailing
wage in every community where F. H.
A. insures a mortgage had to be ascer
tained and approved by the President.
There was little trace of the cus
tomary adjoummeent day rush and
excitement at the Capitol. In fact,
up to the hour of convening yester
day it had been indicated the two
houses might remain in session until
(See CONGRESS, Page AS.)
D. C. POLICEMAN FINDS
BROTHER SHOT DEAD
Body of William Orendes Discov
ered in Bedroom of His
Southeast Home.
William F. Arendes, 48, was found
shot to death this afternoon in a
second-floor bedroom of his home at
610 G street S.E.
Shot in the right side of his head,
and with a .44-caliber revolver lying
nearby, Mr. Arendes was discovered
by his brother, Joseph G. Arendes, a
policeman attached to the seventh
precinct.
Friends of the family said Mr.
Arendes had been despondent since
the recent death of his mother, Mrs.
Delia Arendes, active in charity work
in the Southeast section.
Policeman Arendes said he found
his brother when he returned home
at 12:15 p.m. after about an hour’s
absence. He summoned a Casualty
Hospital physician, who pronounced
his brother dead.
Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page.
Amusements. C-8 Lost Si Found C-3
Christmas Obituary-A-14
Story_A-19 Radio .B-14
Comics _C-6-7 Society _B-3
Editorials ...A-12 Sports-C-l-2
Financial ...A-21 Woman’s Pg. B-15
FOREIGN.
Britain sends new troops to Hong
Kong; 16th protest sent. Page A-l
Chinese fear attack on Tsingtao, as
U. S. warships stand by. Page A-l
Teruel falls before assault of Spanish
government troops. Page A-2
Communist plot held bared by arrests
in Tokio. Page A-2
NATIONAL.
Special session ends with no major
legislation completed. Page A-l
President to make bid for confidence in
January message. Page A-l
Labor warfare heads into new phase of
recriminations. Page A-2
Autopsy ordered in Ted Healy’s
death. Page A-9
WASHINGTON AND NEARBT.
Frank B. Kellogg to be buried in
National Cathedral. Page A-4
Collapse of case against lawyer and
bondsmen forecast. Page A-S
Detective captures burglar after 5
block chase. Page A-14
Transfer of budgetary control over
courts to be considered. Page B-l
Nichols predicts retention of $1.75 real
•state tax rate. Page B-l
D. C. In final stages of Christmas
preparations. Pim a.i
Workers In four Federal agencies to
Join group health. Page B-l
AFTER AN ENTHUSIASTIC REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT ON THE ACCOMPLISH
MENTS OF THE EXTRA SESSION!
WIRE-TAP VERDICT
IS SEEN LIMITED
Evidence May Still Be Used
in D. C. Cases, Belief
of Cummings.
Attorney General Cummings, ex
pressing doubt the Supreme Court's
wire-tapping decision is as sweeping
as some persons at first thought, de
clared today it is possible wire-tap
ping evidence is still admissible in
intra-State criminal cases in the Dis
trict of Columbia.
Mr. Cummings told reporters at a
press conference that "apparently the
court's opinion applied to Federal in
terstate cases only."
Moreover, he said, he is doubtful
that the court intended by its decision
to ban completely tapping of wires by
Federal officers exclusively for inves
tigative purposes. He indicated there
would be no change in the present
policy of special agents of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation in employing
wire-tapping to obtain clues in kid
naping and other major crimes.
It always has been the policy of the
Department of Justice not to present
wire-tapping evidence in court. Fed
eral agencies outside the Department
of Justice have not been under such
a restriction, however.
The Attorney General said a cursory
survey has shown that less than one
half of 1 per cent of criminal cases
have involved the use of wire-tapping
technique and that only 5 per cent of
such cases have required presenta
tion in court of evidence obtained
through wire tapping. Most of these
court cases, he pointed out, involve
narcotic, kidnaping and other "re
volting cases."
Mr. Cummings said he does not be
lieve the court was attempting to lay
down a general policy against wire
tapping, but was considering only the
particular case in hand, which orig
inated in the Treasury Department.
“There is, it is true, a prejudice,”
Mr. Cummings said. “The criticism,
however, is not of its use but of the
possibility of its misuse at some time
in the future. In fact, we frequently
refrain from from doing useful things
in this country for fear that by so
doing we might set a precedent for
some future wrong-doing."
DAMAGED LINER IN PORT
BALTIMORE, Dec. 22 OP).—'The
Baltimore Mail Line announced to
day word had been received from
Hamburg, Germany, of the return
there of the liner City of Hamburg,
damaged in a collision in the North
Sea yesterday.
Officials of the company expressed
the opinion the ship would be in dock
there for at least two weeks for ex
tensive repairs.
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Washington Observations. Page A-10
Editorials. Page A-12
This and That. Page A-12
Answers to Questions. Page A-12
David Isiwrence. Page A-13
The Capital Parade. Page A-13
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-13
Constantine Brown. Page A-13
Lemuel Porton. Page A-13
SPORTS.
Bears go lightly training for ’Bama
bowl battle. Page C-l
Peathers top charity ring card here
tonight. Paga C-l
"Cash in,” parents urge Amateur
Tennis Champion Budge. Page C-l
Rookies cop most National League
pitching honors. Page C-2
Lucky Strike sets goal of 500 for Star
pin tourney. Page C-2
FINANCIAL.
Narrow movements characterize
bond market. Page A-21
Leaders slip noticeably after slow start
(Hi Wall Street. Page A-22
Bank call approach stirs interest in
deposits. Page A-22
Cufb list gains about balance losses in
early deals. Page A-23
MISCELLANY.
Bedtime Stories. Page B-C
Nature’s Children. Page A-15
Vital Statistics. PageA-19.
Shipping News. Page B-16
City News in Brief. Page B-13
Dorothy Dix. ' Page B-15
Betsy Caswell. Page B-15
Cross-word Puaaia, Page C-5
Letter-Out Pace C-5
Winning Contract. Page C-l
President Puts
Holiday Cards
Into Collection
President Roosevelt was revealed as
a collector of Christinas cards, as well
as stamps and things nautical, at Mrs.
Roosevelt’s press conference today.
His interest in cards dates many
years back, Mrs. Roosevelt declared,
and each holiday season he selects
for preservation a few of the cards
he thinks are representative of the
period.
Many of the cards sent to the White
House are later distributed among
hospitals, after the names have been
taken off. she said.
Mrs. Roosevelt also disclosed at her
conference that the presentation of
the "Big Apple" planned by Eddie
Duchin for the White House dance
December 30 will be her first intro
duction to the dance.
She declined to promise that she
will take part in the dance herself.
ROSS SENTENCED
TO 10-YEAR TERM
Ex-Marine Withdraws Plea
for New Trial for Slay
ing Davidson.
Br the Associated Press.
FREDERICKSBURG. V*.. Dec. 22.
—Walter L. Ross, 17, former member
of the U. S. Marine Corps, was sen
tenced to 10 years in the State Peni
tentiary by Judge Frederick W. Cole
man today for the murder of Elmer J.
Davidson, Washington attorney, after
Frank P. Moncure, counsel for Ross,
withdrew his motion to have the jury’s
verdict of guilty set aside.
In pronouncing sentence. Judge
Coleman termed the crime for which
Ross was convicted at Stafford on
December 4 as a “diabolical murder,”
and said: “It is perfectly obvious that
your youthful age in no little degree
influenced the jury in fixing your
punishment.”
Judge Coleman reminded the youth
that with good behavior his prison
term would be cut to five years, and
expressed the hope that upon his re
lease Ross would “take a new lease on
life and follow the straight and nar
row path.”
Ross made no statement, but his
mother, Mrs. Walter J. Ross of Aber
deen, Md„ told the court that she con
curred in dropping the motion for a
new trial and agreed that judgment be
entered as prescribed by the jury.
Mr. Moncure was indisposed at his
home and conveyed his views to Judge
Coleman by letter. His request that
Ross be paroled was refused by Judge
Coleman.
Ross was returned to the Fredericks
burg Jail after sentence. He will be
transferred to the State Penitentiary
as soon as commitment papers are
completed.
NEW KANSAS CITY
VOTE FRAUD PROBED
Apparent Attempt to Pad Regis
tration Rolls Reported by
Prosecutor.
By the Associated Press.
KANSAS CITY, Dec. 22.—Apparent
attempts to pad Kansas City's vote
registration rolls—discovered in the
midst of a new procedure designed
to end such frauds—brought the Im
mediate prospect of a grand jury In
vestigation today.
Fining 20 persons In one ward giv
ing Identical dates and places of birth
and the same period of residence in
Kansas City, Prosecutor W. W.
Graves said It could mean nothing
but padding.
“There’s no question that some
thing Is wrong,” he said, and added
that the numerous coincidence* obvi
ously called for a county grand Jury
investigation.
A new Board of Election Commis
sioners, bi-partisan, adopted stringent
regulations under a new law providing
for permanent registration—all at a
consequence of wholesale fraud in the
goneral election last November, for
which more than. 10S persons were
Indicted.
a
1939 Bill to Include Funds
for Survey of Elevated
Toll Road.
The 1939 District appropriation bill
will provide funds looking toward con
struction of a high-speed elevated
highway through the District as a by
pass for through North and South
bound traffic, it was disclosed today by
Chairman Collins of the House Sub
committee on District Appropriations.
The funds, according to Mr. Collins,
will provide for an extensive engineer
ing survey to determine the location,
design and cost of the highway.
The proposed elevated highway
would start in the vicinity of Highway
Bridge and connect with U. S. Route
No. 1 near Bladensburg road and the
District line.
It is Mr. Collins’ plan to have the
elevated road similar in design to the
famous Pulaski Skyway leading into
New York City from Jersey City. He
said such a project is urgently needed
in Washington to alleviate traffic con
gestion.
"I believe an elevated highway which
would keep through traffic from the
North and South out of the congested
section of the District would be one of
the greatest contributions to solution
of the present traffic problem,” he said.
The highway, according to Mr. Col
lins, should be financed by a bond
issue. A nominal toll fee not in ex
cess of 25 cents, he said, should be
charged to retire the bonds.
“I don’t think any person who is
now forced to travel through Wash
ington’s traffic-congested streets would
object to paying a 25-cent toll fee to
escape this condition,” he declared.
Mr. Collins said the elevated high
way should have sufficient ramp con
nections to enable residents of Wash
ington to use it if they desired.
BARE QHANCE OF SNOW
SEEN FOR CHRISTMAS
forecaster Says Day Probably
Will Be Moderately Cold—Bain
and Warmer Tonight.
The possibility of a "slightly white”
Christmas was seen today by the
weather forecaster, who consented, in
view of the approaching holiday, to
peer a bit further into the future than
usual.
The immediate prospect, however, is
for "rain and slightly warmer weather
tonight, with a low of about 40 de
grees; tomorrow rain, probably turning
to snow and colder, with the wind
shifting from southwest to northwest.”
The temperature got down to a low
of 32 degrees early today, but was
mounting high into the 40s under a
bright sun early this afternoon. The
high yesterday was 42 degrees.
As to Christmas weather, the fore
caster said: “The chances are it will
be moderately cold, and there is a
bare possibility that snow will be on
the ground Saturday."
Police Cars Rush on Mission
Of Mercy for Christmas Needy
Eleventh-Hour Effort Being Made to
Collect Sufficient Food, Clothing and
Toys for Cheerless Families.
Police badges sparkled through last
minute shopping throngs today like
stars as members of the Metropolitan
Police Department worked tirelessly to
gather enough funds and food to make
their seventeenth annual Christmas
party a success.
Squad cars and patrol wagons mak
ing their way through holiday traffic
with armed officers at their wheels
sometimes contained, not offenders of
the law bound for jail, but packages
of sugar and flour, bams, bread, canned
foods, dolls, toy trucks, shoes end
small sweaters—all bound for Christ
mas baskets now being prepared lor
needy families of the city.
Abort-wave radio listeners may have
The only evening paper
in Washington the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
3,400,000 Letters
In Day Set All-Time
Record for District
An all-time letter record for
the Washington City Post Office
was established yesterday, ac
cording to Postmaster Vincent
Burke.
The Post Office handled 3,400,
000 letters during the day, Mr.
Burke said today. This ex
ceeded by more than 400,000 the
previous record for a single day,
established a year ago. Today’s
total was expected to approach
the 3,000,000 mark, and the flood
of Christmas mall to recede after
midnight tonight.
Postmaster Burke issued this
warning to Washingtonians:' ‘‘If
you haven’t mailed your Christ
mas cards yet, be sure to get
them in a mail box before mid
night tonight.” Collections will
be made from every letter box In
the District at midnight or later
tonight.
SEVEN COUNCILMEN
INDICTED BY JURY
Inquiry Into Buffalo’s Municipal
Affairs May Be Prolonged
by Panel.
B? the Associated Press.
BUFFALO, N. Y„ Dec. 22.—The
possibility of a prolonged inquiry into
the municipal affairs by a special
grand Jury loomed today as the result
of recommendations by a grand jury
which indicted seven of the 15 mem
bers of the City Council.
The councilmen and six other men
were indicted on charges ranging from
forgery to perjury, falsification of rec
ords and obtaining proceeds from
fraudulent vouchers.
The grand jury’s final report, urg
ing appointment of a special prose
cutor and impaneling of a special
grand Jury to carry on the “gigantic
task,” recommended the inquiry be
extended to the county government.
Supreme Court Justice James E.
Norton ordered the report of the grand
jury, which indicted 13 persons in all,
forwarded to Oov. Herbert Lehman
“to take any action as he sees fit.”
LIQUOR “FLOOR TAX”
FIGHT LED BY DAVIS
Democratic Candidate Against
Coolidge Argues Pennsylvania
Law Is Unconstitutional.
By the Associated Press.
HARRISBURG, Pa , Dec. 22.—John
W. Davis, Calvin Ooolidge’s opponent
for the presidency, was aligned against
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
today in its suit to collect a liquor
“floor tax” from several major distil
lers.
Davis argued yesterday in Dauphin
County Court that the law, which im
posed a levy of $2 a gallon on liquor
in storage in Pennsylvania at the time
of prohibition repeal, was unconstitu
tional.
The white-haired Democratic leader
of the 20s appeared in court as counsel
tor <Hie of the distilling companies.
Subject to a constitutional test.
Judge William Hargest a week ago
awarded the State $9,117,886 against
the A Overholt Co., Inc., successor
to the large distilling company, and
Joseph S. Pinch & Co., subsidiary of
the Schenley Distillers’ Corp.
PEACE PARLEY IS CALLED
IN NEW YORK CAB STRIKE
Drivers Prepare to Picket Hack
Stands in Downtown Area.
Clashes Reported.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Dec. 22—A peace
conference, the first official move to
restore tranquillity to New York’s taxi
cab operations, was called today while
striking cab drivers prepared to picket
hack stands in the Times Square and
shopping districts.
The strike, called by the Transport
Workers Union, spread to the last
eight companies of the 24 associated
with the Sunshine Radio System yes
terday. There were scattered reports
of fist fights in garages between strik
ers and non-strikers.
The union figured that 2,285 cabs
and 4,345 men were idle. Otto Gut
freund, general manager of the cab
company, said “only a couple hun
dred” cabs were running.
RED PLOT FOILED
ASUNCION, Paraguay, Dec. 22 (£>).—
The government announced today that
a group of Communists, headed by for
mer Maj. Joel Estigarribia, made an
unsuccessful attempt last night to
overthrow the military guard at Campo
Grande.
Maj. Estigarribia was killed, the an
nouncement said, and Lt. Rogelio
Fiore, cdmmander of the guard, was
seriously injured.
been startled with strange announce
ments following the dramatic signal,
"Calling all cars”—instructions, per
haps, to go to at once to the home
of Mrs. Blank, who says she has a
check and an attic full of clothing
and toys for the police Christmas
party.
At the National Guard Armory, col
lection headquarters for the affair,
guardians of the law tamed guardians
of the unfortunate as they sorted con
tributions for baskets to be distributed
from precinct bouses Christmas Bve.
Loaded revolvers lay forgotten as po
licemen of the District flung aside
.(flee TOT CAMPAIGN, Vtm A-S ^ 1
MAN MS WIFE
AND THEN HIMSELF
WITH GUN IN HOME
Daughter, 22, Hears Shot,
Finds Parents’ Bodies
on Floor.
MAN’S HAND CLUTCHES
.32-CALIBER REVOLVER
Father Suffered Nervous Break
down Some Time Ago, Offi
cers Are Informed.
Fatally wounded and grasping a re
volver, Edgar L. elites, 39, manager
of a chain grocery meat department,
was found this morning lying partially
across the body of his dying wife,
Florence, 37, who also had been shot
through the head, in their apartment
at 1635 R street N.W.
Mr. elites died at 9:20 a.m. in
Emergency Hospital, while his wife
died almost immediately after she
arrived there in the same ambulance.
A certificate of murder and suicide
was issued by Coroner A. Magruder
MacDonald this afternoon. Police had
learned that Mr. elites had suffered
a nervous breakdown after an acci
dent some weeks ago and frequently
had threatened suicide.
Investigators said Mr. elites obvi
ously shot his wife before turning his
gun on himself. The weapon, a long
barreled .32-caliber revolver, was
found clasped in the right hand of the
dying man, police were told.
Shota Awaken Daughter.
The daughter of the couple, Mb,
Louise elites, 22, was asleep in an ad
joining room about 8 a.m. when awak
ened by two shots in the bedroom of
her parents, she ran into the room
and found her mother and father
lying on the floor, both shot. The
frantic girl summoned assistance.
The couple apparently had risen and
dressed about 7:30 a.m. A tenant in
an apartment on the floor above said
she heard loud talking shortly before
the two shots came. Neither Miss
elites nor a girl roomer, who had lived
with the family for several weeks,
heard anything unusual, they told
police, until the shots awakened them.
Another Hears Woman’s Cries.
One occupant of a nearby apartment
said that after the shots aroused him
he heard a woman’s voice exclaim,
"Oh. my baby—my baby!” The mother
apparently had referred to her daugh
ter shortly before losing consciousness.
The daughter told Detective Sergt.
John Wise that on one occasion she
had heard her father urge her mother
to agree to a suicide pact. Mr. elites
was quoted as having said to his wife:
"If I kill myself, will you kill your
self?”
Mrs. elites was said to have replied
Indignantly:
“You’re crazy! Of course, I won’t
kill myself, and neither will you.”
Detectives were told that Mr. elites
had been in failing health and ex
tremely despondent since the acci
dent, in which he injured his arm.
After that time, it was said, he often
walked the floor at night, or discussed
suicide with his family.
The elites family moved to Wash
ington about 18 months ago from
Johnstown, Pa. .
WEAPONS REPORTED
GIVEN FORD WORKERS
Striker Testifies at N. L. It. B.
Hearing: That Blackjacks Were
Made at Plant.
B? the Associated Press.
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 22.—A striking
member of the United Automobile
Workers of America testified today
at a National Labor Relations Board
hearing that blackjacks were made
and distributed to “loyal” employes
in the Ford Motor Co.’s St. Louis
plant.
Louis Jarvis, who signed a Ford
“loyalty” pledge, said he was handed
a lead-filled blackjack last month by
an inspector, who told him, “I’ll give
you $2.50 for each union man you
knock on the head with this.”
The witness said he joined the
strike called November 24 by the
union and turned the blackjack over
to Delmond Garst, union leader. The
weapon was admitted as an exhibit
in the hearing.
The union’s application cards and
dues records were produced by Frank
Gruswitz, its financial secretary. The
union claimed 800 members.
Gruswitz testified there never was
any threat of a sit-down strike at the
plant. He asserted Milton N. Johnson,
the manager, told members of a union
committee they were “housebreakers”
and that “the Ford company does not
need this plant.”
The company, which has denied th*
charges, was accused of refusal to bar
gain collectively, interference with em
ploye self-organization, discrimina
tion against union members and for
mation of a “company” union.
FIVE DIE IN FIRE
Blaze at Pennsylvania Farm Home
Follows Blast.
CONNELLSVILLE, Pa.. Dec. 22 (IP).
—Five persons perished today in
flames which destroyed their isolated
farm home 12 miles east of this South
western Pennsylvania coal town while
they slept.
The dead: William Yothers, 71; his
sister, Annie Yothers, 69; Wilmer D.
Crow, Jean Crow and Annabelle Crow,
all under 16 years old.
Frank Crow, 45, father of the chil
dren, and another son, Melvin, 10,
were burned seriously. Neither could
give a coherent story of the tragedy.
The fire followed an explosion due
to an nnitatowntnert cause.

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