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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 27, 1937, Image 5

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Eight Killed, 60 Wounded
by Insurgents in Last
48 Hours.
the Associated Press.
MADRID, Dee. 21.—Spanish insur
gent artillery batteries continued to
day to shell Madrid, still shaken from
a Christmas week end bombardment,
the worst and most prolonged the
capital had suffered in a month. Offi
cial figures said that in the last 48
hours 400 shells had poured into the
city, killing eight persons and wound
,.lng 60.
" One of the insurgent projectiles
• ahattered Madrid's 70-year-old Big
Ben clock in the Ministry of Home
Affairs Building, where Madrilenos
traditionally gathered on New Year
eve to welcome the new year by eat
ing a raisin with each stroke of the
Clock’s chimes.
Three persoas were killed and eight
. Injured when a shell scored a direct
hit on a street car in the center of
the city, where most of the insurgent
fire was concentrated.
A government dispatch reported
four insurgent warships had bom
barded Castellon and Vinaro* on the
Spanish east coast Sunday without
Inflicting much damage.
The shelling of Madrid followed one
last night in which two theaters were
partly destroyed, two persons killed
and 12 wounded.
Occupy Two Flaming Strongholds In
„ Captured Teruel.
HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron
tier, Dec. 27 (£*).—Insurgent troops and
civilians held out in two flaming cita
dels today against Spanish govern
ment attackers in control of the rest
of the ancipnt Aragon city of Teruel.
Government advices said the massive
Teruel Seminary and the Bank of
Spain, both on fire, still housed a
defiant group of Italian officers, Ger
man officers and Spanish sympathizers
of insurgent Generalissimo Francisco
The attacking forces had tightened
their grip on the strategic city, 135
miles east of Madrid, by successfully
storming the Civil Guard Barracks,
leaving only the two strongholds to
be conquered.
Beleaguered remnants of the Insur
gent garrison fought to prolong the
* siege in the hope that shock troops
under Gen. Miguel Aranda could ham
mer through government lines to re
lieve them.
Neutral observers concluded govern
ment capture of Teruel improved
chances of ultimate victory over in
k surgents. The government reported a
slight advance today both on the
upper Aragon and southern fronts.
British Monarch Acts After Talk
ing to Privy Council—Princess
Frederika Is Kin.
Bt the Associated Press.
* George VI last night gave his assent
to the wedding of Prince Paul of
Greece, heir presumptive to the Greek
throne, and Princess Frederika Luise
Of Brunswick.
The King acted, after a meeting of
the Privy Council, under the royal
marriages acts which requires his per
mission before any member of a
branch of the royal family may be
The 20-vear-old daughter of the
Duke of Brunswick is a great-great
granddaughter of Queen Victoria. The
35-year-old prince, a distant cousin
of the princess, Is also related to the
* British royal family.
Their wedding will take place Janu
ary fl in the cathedral in Athens,
What's in a Name?
- RICHMOND, Va., Dec. 27 l/Pi.—
Dewer Dye was among those who ap
plied to the State Industrial Com
mission for accident compensation this
month, Examiner W. L. Robinson re
ported. Other applicants were: Ear
nest Workman, Holly Berry, Sam
Raspberry and Chappel Service.
Science 1
_* Continued Prom First Page.)
llized world today, and is believed to
*' be on the increase.
The discovery, it was stressed by
Dr. Walter L. Bruetsch of the Indiana
University Medical School, who pre
sented an exhibit of pathological ma- I
ferial, lends weight to the growing!
belief that mind-splitting actually is j
a group of diseases with different
causes but similar syndromes. Dr.
Bruetsch first noted, he says, that an
unusually large number of dementia
precox victims who die in the hos
pitals showed evidence upon autopsy
of having had at some time a chronic
rheumatic infection which had seri
ously damaged the heart and kidneys.
In an ordinary hospital such cases
range from loss than 1 to 4 per cent.
More than 8 per cent of the split
„ mind patients showed these rheumatic
Microscopic examination of the
* brains of these victims showed in al
most every case specifically rheumatic
" lesions of the blood vessels of the en
velope and cerebral cortex of the brain
with small areas of scar tissue where
the blood supply had failed. Without
microscopic examination the brains
seemed normal.
Similar autopsy studies c the brains
of persons dying in State hospitals for
the insane, he said, showed that at
least 4 per cent of victims of all mental
diseases showed similar rheumatic le
Rheumatic Infections.
- “One may raise the question,” he
’. said, “'whether the changes may not
have occurred years after the onset of
the psychosis, or even shortly before
¥ death. There is no way to prove that
they were coincident with the begin
ning of the mental disease. But long
familiarity with tissue changes, he
•tressed, leads him to believe that
most of the alterations were of long
standing and others of varied ages.
Chronic rheumatic infections have a
tendency to occur in repeated attacks,
separated by years of relative qul
These patients did not show any
signs of * rheumatic Infection while
they were under treatment for the
mind disease. In every case where
„ rheums tic damage to the heart was
found the characteristic lesions were
found in the brsin. There is evidence
that the condition sometimes follows
Fire Destroys $100,000 Chapel
-4 fire of unknown origin destroyed the $100,000 Graham Tyler Memorial Chapel, at Park Col
lege. Parkville, Mo.. Saturday night. A gift of $80,000 by Miss Mary G. Tyler of Philadelphia in
memory of her father, a Philadelphia merchant, started the fund for the building, which was
erected in 1932. The fire is shorvn at its height. —Copyright, A. p’. Wriephoto.
Two of Four Indiana Victims
Can’t Pick Out Picture of
Two Fugitives.
! Kidnapers last Friday night
seized John L. Bryan, jr., 3, his
j mother, his nurse. Miss Norma
Schroy. 17, and Julian Dunbar,
grocery clerk, and took them away
in two automobiles. The four were
released later in separate places
after kidnapers demanded $3,300
ransom for the boy.
B» the Associated Press.
RICHMOND, Ind., Dec. 27 —Sheriff
Arthur Quigley said early today au
thorities had failed to establish iden
tity of two gunmen hunted in three
Midwestern States for a bizarre
Christmas Eve kidnaping of four per
sons, including 3-year-old John L.
Bryan, jr., son of a Centerville (Ind.)
bank cashier.
Sheriff Quigley said Julian Dunbar,
grocery clerk, and Miss Norma Schroy,
nurse, were taken to Indianapolis last
night to view Rogues’ Gallery photo
graphs at police headquarters there,
but failed to pick out the fugitives'
‘ We have several leads we're work
ing on." the sheriff said, as State
police of Ohio and Illinois joined in
the search for the desperadoes.
Quigley admitted he and other of
ficials were puzzled by the fact the
demanded ransom was an odd sum—
$3,800—instead of in -ound numbers,
but declined to theorize on the rea
son pending further investigation. The
ransom was not paid, he said.
The bullet-riddled black sedan of
the elder Bryan, stolen by one of the
gunmen to abduct Mrs. Bryan and
Dunbar, was found meanwhile by a
farmer near here, about * miles from
the point where the two unwill
ing passengers were released. The
bullet holes in the car were made by
Bryan, who fired a revolver in a vain
attempt to halt the automobile as it
j sped from his home.
The Bryan boy and Miss Schroy
were driven away in a green sedan
by the second kidnaper, and also were
released later near here.
Mrs. Bryan was at her husband's
office when the two men entered the
Bryan home Friday and ordered the
nurse to telephone their demand for
ransom to the bank official's wife.
Mrs. Bryan returned home imme
diately and was abducted while her
husband called several men to form
a posse.
childhood attacks of chorea, or St.
Vitus' dance.
He described a typical case as that
of a girl who began to show signs of
going crazy at 18, after having had
St. Vitus' dance at 6. She imagined
persons were conspiring against her,
became seclusive, and had occasional
outbreaks of swearing. Taken to the
Insane hospital, she spent most of her
time mumbling and laughing to her
self. At times she refused food.
The case was diagnosed as dementia
precox. Under treatment she im-!
proved and was discharged. Six years
later she was brought back in a worse
condition that ever. Nothing could be
done for her. She remained in the
asylum for 26 years, when she dropped
dead of rheumatic heart disease. Au
topsy showed evidence that the rheu
matic condition had flared up every
now and then since the childhood at
tack of chorea and that these recur
rences were probably coincidental wit a
her mental crises.
Psychiatrists at Odds.
The experimental work was f on
ducted under a grant from the Scottish*
Rite Masons, who are financing in
tensive studies of dementia precox
all over the United States. Psychia
trists are badly at odds over /what
causes the condition. Many say that it
results from the failure of the indi
vidual to meet the complex situations
of modern civilization, others that it
always has some organic cause.
If it is simply a mental escape from
trouble. Dr. Bruetsch said, It should
have increased markedly during and
after the World War in Central Eu
rope. Recent study of the records by
European psychiatrists have failed to
show any such increase and they
have largely abandoned the theory.
He believes other chronic Infections
besides rheumatism may he shown
to lead to a similar syndrome, that in
some cases the disease may have a
hereditary factor, and that in others
the whole mechanism may be mental.
More Patent Rat Poison.
A rat poison, relatively harmless
to dogs, cats and men, which is 100
times more toxic than the powder
ordinarily used, was described to the
association today by Dr. Ployd J. La
Blanc of South Dakota State College.
The most popular rat poison is a
powdered form of the bulb of an Eu
ropean plant, red squill. This is
sprinkled over food and placed around
a rat-infested building. It ean be
eaten by a child or dog with relative
“ Y” Is Only Clue
In Mattson Case,
Year Old Today
B» the Associated Press.
TACOMA. Wash.. Dec. 27—A
scrawled letter "Y” today was the
single clue leading United States law
officers on the year-old trail of the
kidnap-killer of Charles Mattson, 10.
In the State Capitol at Olympia,
Federal Bureau of Investigation agents
thumbed through a mountain of rec
ords, hoping to find among automo
bile license applications, tax returns
and labor records another "Y” corre
sponding to a letter in a ransom 1
Charles' beaten and nude body was
found December 27. 1936. near
Everett. Wash., after attempts to pay
the $28,000 ransom had failed.
Hundreds of suspects have been ar
rested. but no one has been charged
with the crime. Charles was the son
of Dr. and Mrs. W. W. Mattson.
-— •
Appeals Bench Takes Body to
Task for Refusal to Grant
Radio Permit.
The Federal Communications Com
mission was taken to task today by
the United States Circuit Court of
Appeals for ' arbitrary and capricious”
action in ils denial last spring of an
application for a broadcasting station
in Cheyenne, Wyo.
The commission found that the ap
plicant, Paul R. Heitmeyer, did not
possess sufficient financial qualifica
tions to Justify it in granting his re
quest for a station construction per
mit. This was based on the fact that
the station was to be built with bor
rowed funds which had to be repaid
within five years.
The court, in an opinion written
by Associate Justice Justin Miller,
termed this action an unreasonable
restriction on business.
Censuring the commission also for
the failure to file an adequate finding
of fact following its decision, the
court remanded the case to the com
mission for further action.
Mr. Heitmver was represented by
Attorneys James W. Gum and Clar
ence C. Dill.
30 Actors Godparents.
HOLLYWOOD. Dec. 27 Eddie
Cantor, Deanna Durbin and Glenda
Farrell stood as godparents for Bar
bara Jean Wallington, daughter of
Radio Announcer James Wallington,
impunity. It sends rats into paralysis
and convulsions which end in death.
The difficulty is that if one dose
does not kill a rat it will never touch
food sprinkled with the powder again.
By a series of chemical extractions,
Dr. LeBlanc reported, he obtained an
extract of the red squill powder which
would kill with less than 1 per cent
of the dose hitherto required.
Waking is from the head down, go
ing to sleep from the tail up.
Experiments With Rats.
Experiments with placing white rata
under anesthetics, which may have.
far-reaching philosophical and prac- j
tical implications, were reported by!
the American Association for the
Advancement of Science, meeting here
today, by Dr. Albert C. Cornsweet,
psychologist of the University of
North Carolina.
His results throw doubt on a gen
erally accepted theorem of surgery
that an anesthetic first puts the top of
the brain out of commission, thus
abolishing consciousness, and then
works down to lower levels of the
nervous system as heavier doses are
given. Careful tests* with his rats,
Dr. Cornsweet said, show that the
route of unconsciousness with ether,
nitrous oxide and cyclopropane is up
the spinal cord from the tail to the
brain. This is the way movement
stops when different parts of the body
are stimulated. Long after the legs
cease to respond to a touch, move
ments of the head can be produced.
When the animal comes out of the
anesthetic, he said, the head move
ments come first, and there is a con
siderable interval before the lower ex
tremities can be made to move. Hu
man beings presumably would show
the same sequence.
mi imm MMtn mi «M«*-«Mn» m nm «i»«m i
the Turn Peanut Storei
"ftW • 18th ST. N.W.
(Between Peonies Drue
end Postal Telegraph)
U»1« r ST. N.W.
(Opposite Woodward * Lothropl
Several Thousand Autos |
Cross Point-of-Rocks Span
During Day.
F? the Associated Press.
POINT OF ROCKS. Md , Dec. 27.—
A State Roads Commission Inspector
pulled down wooden barriers yester
day and the Potomac River Bridge
here, first to be rebuilt since the 1936
floods, was opened to traffic.
Opening of the eight-span, toll-free i
structure was completed without any |
formal ceremony. Charles Smith, the '
inspector, just removed the barriers 1
at 6 a.m. and traffic began moving. j
The bridge is an important part j
of United States Rouie 15, North-1
South highway from New York to
Several thousand automobiles crossed
during the day.
Potomac River bridges at Harpers
Ferry, Shepherdstown and Hancock
also were destroyed in 1936. but have
not been rebuilt as yet. Negotiations
are under way, however, for erection
of toll-free spans at those points.
The new bridge here is considerably
higher than was the old one. lessening
danger it will be destroyed in future
Construction of this bridge was de
layed by difficulties in securing right
of way and by details of construction.
$1,500,000 DAMAGE CASE
Court Issuea Order After 17 Years
of Litigation in Action In
volving Landslide.
F» th» Associated Press.
PITTSBURGH. Dec. 27.—After 17
years of litigation the City of Pitts
burgh had an order from court today
to face trial on a case for $1,500,000
damage claimed by the Pennsylvania
Railroad in connection with a land
slide of 255 carloads of dirt onto
the company's tracks.
"It seems intolerable that the court
should be obliged to hear and de
termine a suit involving a claim for
such vast damages more than 17
years after the cause of action aroae,”
wrote Judge Elder W. Marshall, add
ing that under the law, however, he
lacked the right to halt the suit.
The dirt rolled down from Bigelow
boulevard in 1920. Three years later
the railroad filed its claim, contend
ing the city should have had a better
retaining wall.
— . - •
Flying Boat Takes Off Wednesday
to Begin 4-Day Service From
New Zealand.
Br the Associated Press.
AUCKLAND, New Zealand. Dec. 27.
—Crewmen overhauled the flying boat
Samoan Clipper today for a take-off
Wednesday to inaugurate four-day
mail and express service between the
Antipodes and the United States.
The 19-ton Pan-American Airways
plane, skippered by Capt. Edwin C.
Musick, arrived here yesterday after
a three-stage journey from Honolulu.
The clipper skimmed more than 4,400
miles via Kingman Reef and Samoa
In a little more than 31 hours flying
time. By fast boat the time is around
12 days.
Passenger service will be put into
effect later with new 42-ton flying
boats. Great Britain's Imperial Air
ways soon will open service between
Auckland and Sydney, Australia.
Purchasing' Power Holds.
Argentina believes that reserves and
savings accruing during prosperous
1937 will help to maintain the general
purchasing power of the country
through the threatened 1938 depress
Planning Commission Secre
tary to Speak at Prince
Georges Meeting.
By a Staff Correspondent ot The Star.
HYATTSVILLE, Md., Dec. 27.—An
elaborate plan lor transforming a
large portion of metropolitan Prince
Georges County, in the vicinity of
Bladensburg, into a park, a project
which will realize the dream of flood
control in the area, will be unfolded
at the meeting of the Prince Georges
Chamber of Commerce at College Park
next Monday, it was declared today.
The plan, which calls for the pur
chase of approximately 1,000 acres of
land along the northeast and north
west branches of the Anacostia River,
will be pressed for immediate action,
according to C. D. Anderson, secre
tary of the chamber.
Thomas 8. Settle, secretary and
legal counsel to the National Capital
Park and Planning Commission, has
been invited as the principal speaker.
He is expected to have a plan for the
development of the area.
Provision for Funds.
Mr. Anderson said today that pro
visions already have been made to
permit Prince Georges County to se
cure $750,000 under the Capper
Cramton Park Act. Of this amount
$250,000 would be an outright grant
and $500,000 would be repaid within
eight years without interest. The
funds derived from an addition of
7 cents to the suburban area tax levy
would be used to repay the loan.
Approximately 50 acres already
have been bought by the Maryland
National Park and Planning Commis
sion along the branches and the pro
posed purchase of 1.000 acres would
amply provide for an extensive park'
and also for flood control, Mr. An
derson asserted.
Under the plan to be considered at
the chamber meeting, most of the
buildings along the two branches
would be cleared out for the develop
ment of a parkway extending from
the District line to Wells avenue in
Edmonston. It also entails raising of
the business section of Bladensburg
several feet.
Seven Years Behind.
“Prince Georges County is Just
about seven years behind schedule on
park development,” Mr. Anderson de
clared. “If this project had been
started when it. should, the land could
have been purchased for less than half
of what it will cost now, and we could
have had the advantage of the Ci
vilian Conservation Corps workers to
develop it.”
Mr. Anderson called attention to the
rapid progress made by Montgomery
County in park development aad said
that Prince Georges County should
be given an equal opportunity for ad
At a recent meeting of the county
Board of Commissioners it was voted
to approve the 7-cent increase in
taxes, but it was pointed out that the
initiative would have to be taken
by the Park Commission and not by
the county board.
Mr. Anderson declared the entire
responsibility for putting the flood
control and park plan into effect
rests with the park and planning
group, since the Army engineer has
indicated that acquisition of the land
is all that is delaying a cost survey,
which must be made before construc
tion can start.
By the Associated Press.
MANILA. P. I.. Dec. 27—Three
wounded survivors of the American
gunboat Panay, sunk by Japanese
bombing planes in the Yangtze River,
arrived here today aboard the de
stroyer Peary.
Lt. John W. Geist, engineer officer
of the Panay, and Arthur P. Anders, i
executive officer, were taken to the ;
Canacao Naval Hospital for treatment
of shrapnel wounds.
J. Hall Paxton, secretary of the
American Embassy at Nanking, was
| treated for a wounded knee. Mr. Pax
ton said he expected to leave for the
United States by Pan-American Clip
per Wednesday on vacation.
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