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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 27, 1937, Image 9

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Issues Behind
the Ford
Employer’s Right to
Freedom of Speech
* Held Involved.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
WITHOUT attempting in any
way to prejudge the cane
which the National Labor
Relatione Board ha* made
againat the Nord Motor Car Co.
on the ground that the latter ha*
toed "coercion" to interfere with the
f1*hu of aelf-or
(tniattton of
the board's ctn
F o r d employes,
phasfs on elreu
* lam and other
p r onounoementt
by the company
Mttotstnir labor
union* will no
doubt attract
«- much attantion.
There hare
been recently
many instances
In which the
Labor Board has
referred to utter
0**14 Uvrniti.
•nee*, spoken or written, by employers
In connection with ruling* and many
observers have wondered whether the
employer's right to free speech Is not
In some way being impaired by these
new rulings.
Home limitation there ha* always
been in labor dispute* as to the right*
of both unions and employers to say
anything they please about each
«, other's business. Thu* employes who
attempt a secondary boycott directed
against customers of an employer have
found themselves restrained by court
Injunctions from speaking or writing
anything in derogation of an em
ployer's business.
But the new point which ha* been
evolved by the National labor Hala
tions Board and one that will bear
watching, for it will come up again
and again in the relations of employers
and employes, is concerned with the
connection that the board forges as
between a written or spoken pro
nouncement and the intimidation or
coercion of employes or their dismis
sal for union activities.
The Employers' Rights.
Tn most every case thus far. the
Labor Board does not say that, the
employer cannot expiesa hi* views as
* he please* on any subject but merely
that the fact of such expression may
be taken as contributory evidenre of
his hostility toward self organisation
of his employe* in the event that overt
act* are committed such as discharge
of union agitators or organisers.
* It has seemed to me desirable to
ascertain on what legal or constitu
tional argument the Labor Board bases
• Jts contention that a public statement
br an employer or an employer group
on behalf of its members may be con
sidered as evidence leading toward a
conclusion that the Wagner law gov
erning "unfair labor practices" may
have been violated.
The answer, according to Labor
Board attorney*, given me quite in
formally Is to be found in a unani
mous decision of the Supreme Court
of the United States rendered on May
26, 1630, the opinion being written by
* Chief Justice Hughes. The case was
known as the Texas A Orleans Rail
road Co. vs. the Brotherhood of Rail
way A Steamship Clerks and came
up in connection with the collective
bargaining and non-coercion clauses
of the Railwsy Labor Act of 1926.
The part that "motive" played in find
ing the employer guilty of interference
with the right of self-organisation was
described by the Supreme Court as
follows:
"Both the District Court and the
Circuit Oourt of Appeals approached
the consideration of the evidence ae
to intimidation and coercion, and re
solved such conflicts as the evidence
presented in the light of the demon
stration that a strong motive existed
on the part of the railroad eompany to
oppose the demands of the brother
hood and to promote another organi
sation of the clerical employes which
- would be more favorable to the Inter
ests snd contentions of the company.
"Both courts found the explanation
of the company's attitude in the letter
addressed by H. M. Lull, executive vice
president of the railroad company, to
A. D. McDonald, Its president, under
date of May 24,1927. shortly before the
activities of which complaint wae
made in this suit.
"Motive is a persuasive interpreter
of equivocal conduct, and the pett
ttonera are not entitled to complain
because their activities were viewed
in the light of manifest interest and
. purpose* '
Influence «n employes.
In the same case was an interesting
passage which sheds light on what the
Supreme Oourt has said about mflu
enee exerted upon employee or their
organ nations by employers or their
agents. The Railway Act of 1926
happpened to have in it a prohibition
not only against ‘ coercion" and “in
timidation" of employes, but the very
word “influence." Bald Chief justice
Hughes:
“The intent of Congress is clear
with respect to the sort of conduct
that is prohibited. ‘Interference’ with
freedom of action and ’coercion’ refer
to well-understood concepts of the
law. The meaning of the word ‘influ
_ enee’ may be gathered from the con
text.
“The use of the word is not to be
taken as interdicting the normal re
lations and innocent communications
which are a part of all friendly inter
course, albeit between employer and
employe. ’Influence’ in this context
plainly means pressure, the use of the
-> authority or power of either party to
indue# action by the other in deroga
tion of what the statute calls 'self
organisation.’ The phrase covers the
abuse of relation or opportunity so as
to corrupt or override the will, and
it is no more difficult to appraise con
duct of this sort in connection with
the selection of representatives for the
purposes of this act than in relation
to well-known applications of the law
with respect to fraud, duress and un
due Influence."
Issue in the Ford Case.
The Ford case will turn, when it gets
to the Circuit Court of Appeals, al
most wholly on questions of fact. The
Wagner law itself says that “findings
Of fact” by the Labor Board are con
clusive, but that those accused may
present to the Federal courts addi
tional evidence or testimony in refuta
tion of alleged facts. Did the Ford
Motor Car Oo. directly or Indirectly In
terfere with the wishes of a majority
of its employes or with any of its em
ployes who sought to advancf among
their fellow workmen the cause of
“•unionisation? The riots at the gates
of the company come properly for
permanent purposes under Michigan’s
The Capital Parade
Pint Complete List of Important Roosevelt and Sar
gent Accounts Is Presented.
By JOSEPH ALSOP and ROBERT KINTNER.
JAMBS ROOSBVBLT, oldest son of the President, is in the insurance
business. Up to a year or so ago, he was an active member of the
Boston Arm of Roosevelt dr Sargent. He is still a partner in the
Arm, and derives some income from his partner's share in its proAts.
Since the beginning of th* New Deal, there has been talk about Mr.
Roosevelt's insurance business. Bager tongues have whispered that he
offered more than the ordinary
services of an Insurance broker,
although not one particle of evi
dence to this effect has ever been
produced. Of late, since Mr. Roose
velt has become his father's secre
tary and an important figure in
the administration, the talk has
increased greatly.
It is time to bring the matter
into the open, and that is why
there Is presented herewith the first
Wr
T'M MS*f4
complete list of the important account* of Roosevelt & Sargent.
* * * •
The list requires only this preface. It will be quite obmous to
any one who reads the list that some of the corporations on If hoped
for political favors when they became Roosevelt * Sargent clients.
At the same time, careful Investigation uncovers no hint that Roose
velt A Sargent accounts were ever solicited on the basis of political
favors to come. '
What i* more, investigation produces no evidence that political favors
ever were forthcoming at any time. On the contrary, Mr. Roosevdt’s Arm
appears to satisfy it* clients by giving an excellent insurance service. At.
least four of its largest account* were procured after the Arm had offered
especially advantageous insurance plans not previously suggested to the
corporations concerned, by the testimony of the corporation officials
themselves.
The list follows:
Armour At Co. (marine insurance, on Armour shipments from South
America to Europe).
Air Reduction Co.
Columbia Broadcasting Co. (group insurance, with special features not
before offered).
Commercial Credit Co. (an insurance survey, some time ago).
Consolidated Oil Co. (pension plan). <»
Domestic Finance Co. (business Insurance),
Eastern Steamship Co. (general lrwurance).
Esquire-Coronet Co. (life insurance policies on the executives, taken
out when this publishing Arm was reorganised i.
First National Bank of Boston (general insurance).
Goodyear Tire Ac Rubber Co. (marine insurance on foreign shipment).
Hayden, Stone dr Co. (general insurance).
George Washington Hill (life insurance).
Keechin Transportation Co. (group insurance).
lehman Bros, (former clients on one general insurance contract),
Merrimac Hat Corp. of Boston.
National Distillers Co. (general insurance).
National fihawmut Bank of Boston (general Insurance),
New England Power Co. (group Insurance with retirement features).
North American Co. (insurance surveys for subsidiaries, done some
time ago*.
Transcontinental At Western Airways.
West Indies Sugar Co.
* * * *
To repeat, it's perfectly evident that a number of these companies
must privately have hoped to get something more than insurance policies
from Roosevelt and Sargent. Too many of them are somehow or other
under Federal jurisdiction to make the inference escapable.
Yet what was Mr. Roosevelt's position? He waa offering no political
favors and giving none. He was in business to support himself and his
family. As the sons of powerful men always have found, he found business
somewhat easier for him than for others. He knew he was offering service
worth his client*1 money for Itself. He had the choice of shutting up shop
completely—since there are very few men and corporations who cannot
hope for something from the Government—or of continuing in business.
Rather naturally, he continued in business, until he found something
else to do.
Before the list of Mr. Roosevelt's clients can he fully understood,
moreover, there are several special cases to he noted. For example,
Mr. Roosevelt's cousin. Frederick B. Adams, has a large influence in
tn the sugar company and the air reduction company. No dnuht Mr.
Adams gave the business to Mr. Roosevelt, just as relatives have
given business to young cousins since the Dark Ages.
* * * *
Again, officials of the two power companies in New England will tell
you that Roosevelt and Sargent prepared for them a group insurance plan
with retirement features they could get nowhere else. National Distillers
went to Roosevelt and Sargent before 1932. when Mr. Roosevelt s Arm made
them the Arst, offer of Insurance at reasonable, less than prohibition
high rates. There are other surh instances.
This is not intended to be an argument for or against Mr. Roosevelt.
Clearly, he has made a lot of money from his insurance business, if there
DonC Cl
1b tv«jt (5
XulHit* Te^M/
is anything wrong m money-mak
ing. He must have cleared *25.000
Just from the *2.500.000 life insur
ance policy he sold George Wash
ington Hill of the American To
bacco Co —once more, well before
1932.
This is merely intended to be
an examination of the record as it
stands now, offered for what it is
worth. It may be added that, when
the talk about Mr. Roosevelt's buxl
nan* first gained momentum, the late Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer of Boston
conducted a similar examination.
Mrs. Thayer, one of the bast-known women in Boston, made her in
quiry as a friend of the Roosevelt family, although she happened also to be
Republican national committeewoman from Massachusetts. Through her
connections she had every opportunityato find out the truth. She followed
downs of stories to their sources. And she emerged with the conclusion
that the stories about Mr. Roosevelt were wholly unjustified.
(Copyrlsht, 1937, by the North American Newspaper Alliance, Inc.)
own police power, but the details of
what happened are eonatdered by the
Labor Board as throwing light on the
alleged coercion of or alleged interfer
ence with fiord employes in their
union activities.
Incidentally, there has been as yet
no Circuit Court of Appeals review
of any Important case involving a
complicated set of facta, such as is
embraced in the Ford episode. Even
in the Jones and Laughlin case and
the Associated Press case upon which
the Supreme Court ruled when it up
held last April the constitutionality of
the Wagner law, there had been no
threshing out of the facts as to motive
for dismissal of employee.
If, as the Ford Motor Car Co. may
contend, that the employes were dis
missed for inefficiency or other cause
and not for union activity, it will be
necessary for the Circuit Oourt of Ap
peals to receive evidence proving con
clusively that the Labor Board drew
wrong inferences from the circum
stances surrounding the dismissals.
For It will be noted that the Supreme
Court itself has expressed from time
to time and Secretary of Labor Perkins
has Just reiterated in her annual report
that employers may dismiss for “Just
cause.”
Hence, while the Labor Board w ’
seek to prove that the motive for the
dismissals was anti-unionism, the Ford
company doubtless will seek to prove
that its right to hire and fire is con
stitutionally so broad that it may dis
miss union members or organisers even
when inefficiency coincides with union
activity.
(Copyrlsht. 1*37.)
—■ ' • -
TEACHERS TO MEET
Foreign Language Instructors
Gather at Northwestern XL
Dean Henry Orattan Doyle of Co
lumbian College, George Washington
University, is scheduled to preside
at a meeting of modern foreign lan
guage teachers under auspices of the
National Federation of Modern Lan
guage Teachers at Northwestern Uni
versity this evening.
Wednesday he will serve as co
chairman of another meeting with
Prof. Howard Mumford Jones of Har
vard university after making his
annual report as managing edited of
the Modern Language Journal to the
Executive Committee on Tuesday.
RESORTS.
Miami Beach, fla.
T E M PI RAT HE II
WUamL £sac/t^ f 2°
K M
INDIAN PROGRAM
GIVEN APPROVAL
First Steps Will Be Taken to Aid
Blackfoot Tribe Through
Irrigation Flam.
Indian Commissioner John Collier
has approved the first step in a pro*
gram to rehabilitate the Blackfoot ir
rigation project as a means of lifting
this tribe to a “level of economic self
sufficiency,” according to an an
nouncement today by the office of
Secretary Ickes.
A joint Federal-tribal enterprise,
the program will be financed by a
total of 1169.500 of Federal and tribal
funds. The program was initiated by
the Blackfoot Indians themselves,
acting through their tribal business
council.
One of the major aims of the pro
gram is to eradicate a "shacktown" at
Browning, principal town on the
Blackfoot Reservation. It it inhabited
by Indians driven into destitution by
years of drought and depression and
who now exist meagerly on chance
ment and relief. It is planned
,ve between 20 and 30 Blackfoot
families to the irrigated lands which
are to be placed in production as the
result of the new program.
By unanimous vote of its council,
the tribe has agreed to use 127.000 of
it* own tribal funds and $30,000 bor
rowed from the revolving credit fund
set up under the reorganisation act to
assist in rehabilitating the canal sys
tem on the Two Medicine Unit of the
irrigation project. For its part the
Indian Affairs Office has agreed to use
not less than $60,000 to purchase lands
now owned by whites, which pre
viously had belonged to the Indians
and which lie within the area of the
irrigation project.
Locked in Movie House.
PHILADELPHIA. Dec. 27
Nine-year-old James Mason, tired
from playing all Christmas Day with
hie new toys, went to the movies yes
terday, fell asleep and was locked in.
He heard the telephone ring, an
swered it and a policeman told him
how to unlock the doors and get out.
Ken|amm Moore Points
Devoe dr Reynolds Paints
922 N. Y. Av* National 8610
'pHK opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not
necessarily The Star's. Such opinions are presented in
The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of Interest to its
readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among
themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s.
Dr. Dewey’s Statement
His Plea to Abandon Jesuitism of Current Times
Called Most Important Point in Interview.
By DOROTHY THOMPSON.
THE remarkable articles of Alex
andre Barmlne which are ap
pearln* now In the New York
Time* and The Wa*hln§ton
Star further reveal a condition of
affair* in the Soviet Union which it is
of immediate and historic Importance
to take note of. Under the Russian
dictatorship, as
under the Fascist
d i c t a t o rships,
truth is sup
pressed and dis
torted cut of all
reason, both for
foreign and do
mestic consump
tion. But eventu
ally, it seems, as
long as there are
any instruments
of free opinion
left anywhere in
the world, facts
will come out.
Barmine was
Dorothy Thompson.
former Soviet Charge d'Affalres in
Athena. He resigned and fled to
Parts. He debated for a long time
with himself whether he should not
suppress what he knew.
But he came to the conclusion that
he must speak—on behalf of the work
ing classes of the whole world: that
he must warn them, that what exists
In Russia is not socialism but "a mys
terious power,” which is rapidly
liquidating every vestige of socialism,
in behalf of an incredibly brutal
tyranny—in behalf, one might say, of
Russian Fascism.
Barmine reveals that old leaders
are now being executed without even
the pretense of trial: Leo Karakhan
and Avel Yenukidre are the latest.
Alksnis. creator of the Soviet Air
Force, has been shot. He la the last
of the four secretaries of War Minister
Voroshilov to disappear, the others
having been Tukachevsky, Gamarnlk
and Orloff. A vast and horrible
counter-revolution is under way.
There is nothing else to be deduced,
not only from these, but many other
reports.
Borin* Into Movement.
All thi* would be of no particular
immediacy to Americana, were it not
for t.he fact that there are, in thl* j
country, a small but extremely fanatic I
group of Communists, who are boring
into the labor government, particularly
into the C. I. O,, and into the Ameri
can Labor Party, and threaten to de
stroy both of them. The methods of
these people are beneath contempt and
beyond description. They work with
a ruthlea# assassination of character.
The men who went to Mexico to try to
find out, for historic reasons, if no
other, something of the truth about
the fantastic Moscow trials, were pil
loried in such Communist party publi
cations as ‘'The Daily Worker,” wuth
charges amounting to the grossest
libel. Mr. Benjamin Btolberg, for in
stance. wa* called a Journalistic "stool
pigeon." I have known Mr. Btolberg
for years, as a convinced Marxian and
Labor journalist, who happens to care
something for intellectual honesty.
The implication in the charge Is
extremely significant. It is that any
one who knows anything about the
Communist party has the duty to
suppress the truth, unless it serve*
the policy, otherwise he is a traitor.
This is exactly the attitude of an
underground conspiracy—carried on
while the Communist party is per
mitted to organize and even present
a candidate for President of the
United States.
John Dewey, our most distinguished
MAN BURNED TO DEATH
IN EXCELSIOR BARREL
HI* Elbows Wer# Wedged In *
Hoop—Coroner's Jury Holds
It Accidental.
By the Associated Press.
TALLAHASSEE. Els.. Dec. 27.—
A. E. Matson. 53, was burned to death
here yesterday in a freak accident that
puzzled investigating officers.
His body was discovered head for
ward in a barrel of blazing excelsoir
on a downtown sidewalk, and was re
moved only after the fire had sub
sided. The elbows were tightly wedged
In a steel hoop of the barrel.
A coroner's jury reported to County
Judge w! May Walker the death was
accidental.
Reports of investigators to Sheriff
Frank Stoutamire indicated Matson
might have leaned forward to reach
for something in the barrel, igniting
the loose packing material with his
cigar. They said he probably suc
cumbed to the flames in a Anal strug
gle to right, himself.
Matson operated a taxi company.
--•
APPEALS FOR PEACE
Archbiahop of Canterbury Calls
for Democracies’ Aid.
LONDON, Dee. 27 (JP).—The Arch
bishop of Canterbury in a radio ad
dress yesterday urged citizens of
democratic nations to work as individ
uals to promote world peace.
The apeech was delivered on the
first anniversary of the ‘‘recall to re
ligion" which the archbishop pro
claimed after the abdication of King
Edward VIII.
Democracies, the archbishop said,
rest upon the responsible rule of each
individual citiaen, and he asked each
to "rid his own mind of the fears and
Jealousies which disturb the world."
----ft
Urges Citisens to Arm.
HOLLANDALE, Miss., Dec. 27 (#).—
Mayor E. W. Scott issued a procla
mation yesterday urging that every
able-bodied citlsen "take up arms" to
check an epidemic of robberies here.
"I do hereby deputiae every law
abiding citiaen in the town of Hol
landale to carry a pistol for his own
protection," the proclamation read.
rmA'ra®'
Season’s Greetings and
Thanks for the Year.
I. J. FEBREY fr CO.
CONTRACTORS * ENGINEERS
American philosopher, now in his
doth year, who took the wear
ing trip to Mexico in behalf of his
toric accuracy and light, and whose
lifetime spent in behalf of decency
and Justice entitle* him to respect, i*
denounced In gutter terminology by
people who call themaelve* American*,
pretend to love American democracy
now that Moscow tell* them to—and
are completely under the thumb of the
tribe of brigand* who now rule the
Soviet Union.
And then actually seek-our (-elabo
ration on the ground of a common
front against Fascism!
We shall not be misled by this.
Deeply as we detest Fascism, some
thing very, very strange Is happen
ing in Russia, under a regime which
pretends to call itself Communistic,
and Is a blood brother, as it turns out,
of Fascism Itself. At present the
apostles of barbarism are divided.
They may not always be.
fiignlflrant Conclusion.
John Dewey's interview with Mr*.
Agnes Meyer in the Washington Post
a few days ago i* one of the most
important public statements and
analyses to have been made In a long
time. For Mr. Dewey, analysing
the rol)ap«e of socialist Ideal* in the
world'* first socialist republic, comes
to the most important possible con
clusion. '
"The Russian experiment proves,"
he say*, “that when violence is used
to bring about economic and political
reform, the method of force must
be employed to keep the new govern
ment in power.”
(Wasn't it Machiavelli, who said
a long time ago, that regime* al
ways kept themselves in power, by
the same means by which they got
there?)
"Such revolutions . . . can only
retain their political supremacy by a
combination of two methods: Partly
by making concessions to the many
. . . partly, as the Rtallnist regime
has done, by suppressing all opposi
tion, even within the party . . . The
dictatorship of the proletariat must
lead ... to a dictatorship over the
proletariat.”
After these words. Dr. Dewev can
certainly not be accused of being pro
Trotsky! He is pro-human, pro-free
dom, pro-moral, anti-dictator.
Important Plea.
Th my mind, the most important
thing in Dr. Dewey's important in
terview la his plea to abandon the
Jesuitism of current times, and begin
to re-emphasiae the importance of
means, rather than ends. Dr. Dewey
is not alone in observing that this
willingness to sacrifice truth, hon
esty, decency, hnumanity and civil
behavior to causes la the curse of
this revolutionary age. Aldous Huxley
has Just written a very important
book on this theme.
It Is not only the extreme left which
seeks progress at any price, that is
careless about the means it uses; the
tendency pervades our whole public
life, and vitiates every effort we make
in the direction of progress. At the
extreme right. Mayor Hague of Jersey
City is an example of a completely
cynical and arbitrary point of view.
The political opportunism of the ad
ministration, which destroys its own
objectives by Its methods, is an ex
ample.
The whole public morality of the
American people is way below their
private morality. And under the lat
ter approximates the former, all our
reform is going to prove to be an Il
lusion.
tCoprrisht. 1937, New York Tribune. Ine.)
SHIP SURVIVES REEFS
VICTORIA, British Columbia. Dec.
27 (fl*).—Listing heavily to port, the
gale-battered Panamanian freight
er Beulah fought clear of reefs
after losing a man overboard and pro
ceeded toward this port today under
her own power.
Two Coast Guard cutters and a
salvage t.ug convoyed the 1.389-ton
vessel, which had 22 men aboard.
The vessel encountered heavy seas
Christmas night after clearing Van
couver for the 8outh Sea Islands, she
battled the storm for more than 20
hours.
, This Changing World
Japanese Observers Are Having More Difficulty in
Reporting Military Secrets to Tokio Headquarters.
»y CONSTANTINE BROWN.
HENCEFORTH the Japanese ‘'unofficial observer*" in the United
States will have a tough time to send their elaborate report* beck
to the Tokio military and naval intelligence bureau*.
Their work ha* gone on unhandicapped for many year*. The
country wa« full of individual*—Japanese and national* of some white
race*—who were reporting on all activities of the United State* Gov
ernment.
These days the spy work is not confined merely to learning
military and naval secrets. Intelligence offices demand much more
than that.
It 1* important for a government which ha* In mind »n eventual
conflict with another nation to know (1) all about the Industrial war
preparation* of the other country;
»2) a* many detail* a* can he ob
tained about the military, naval
and air atrength of their poaalble
foe; 13) the economic and finan
cial realatance; <*> the paychol
ogy of the maaaea; (5) a well
prepared propaganda to prove
that peace at any price la the only
mean* of obtaining happlneaa.
* * * *
The Japanese have been ac
tive in thia country since 1931. frequently they have been so indiscreet—
because there are no stringent espionage law* in this country in time of
peace—that they have been caught. Thus, back in 1832, two Japanese
naval officer* who were studying at an important Eastern university had
an automobile accident on the West Coaat. They were investigated by
the local police and a number of sketches of our naval base* were found
in their possession. In other instance* long report* were discovered deal
ing with the morale of the Navy and the way* to undermine that morale
through communist activities, etc.
Japan, being a war-minded nation, hat established an elaborate
espionage tervlce in thlt country ever since we had the fint trouble*
with the Nipponese Empire after Congrett patted the Kxlutlon Act.
Their work went on unhandicapped for many years, and at the time
when we were their associates in the World War it was further strengthened.
* * a *
Without dramatising the many incident*—some given to the press,
others kept secret—which have occurred in the last few years, there is no
doubt that there are few Important station* in this country which have
not been under the eyes of Japanese ‘ observers" all the time. Their work
is being cut short now. There are a number of short-wave stations on the
coast* of the United States from where these observers send their com
munication* to Japan. Most of these are known, and if the operators are
allowed to continue their work it la because it is more important that they
ahould remain in complete ignorance that their activities are known to
the proper authorities.
* * • •
The "sea espionage" is more important, however. There are Jap
anese Ashing trawler* in the waters of the Philippines, around Alaska and
In Southern California. These
small veaaela are manned mostly
by officers and crew's belonging to
the active or reserve corps of the
imperial navy. They are equipped
with Diesel motors and carry on
board instruments which are not
usually used for tuna or herring
and salmon fishing. They have
sounding instruments and. accord
ing to people who have had a
chance to take a peek Inside their
hold*, carry also torpedo tube* which could be mounted In * few hours
on the decks of these trawlers.
* * * *
These might, constitute a real menace for the United State* Nan- In
the event our relations with Japan become more strained
It 1* for this reason that destroyer* have been ordered to keep a
watchful eye on the Japanese fishing vessel*. Measure* are now being
taken to round up these vessels in the event of an emergency.
EDISON PRODIGY
TURNS EVANGELIST
Boy Geniu* Abandon* Science to
Become Worker for Ox
ford Group.
the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO.—The “boy gen
ius” selected In 1929 by Thomas A.
Edison has turned his back on science
and Invention in favor of religion.
Picked by Edison after a Nation
wide investigation. Wilber Huston of
Seattle was sent to the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology to be groomed
as a possible successor to the great
electrical wizard. He did brilliantly,
and after graduation established him
self as a consulting engineer.
But now he declares the world can
get along without his contributions to
science. He will devote his life to the
Oxford group, a world-wide movement
to bring religion home to the indi
vidual.
“Instead of building bigger and bet
ter bridges and machines.” he ex
plains. “the need is to build better in
dividuals. Today there is a real hun
ger on the part of the people for
spiritual values.”
A lot of disastrous things—wars, de
pressions and so forth—have occurred
since young Huston was catapulted to
fame as the probable “second Edison."
He admits these have Influenced his
decision.
Huston is only 25 years old, and
looks forward to a long and useful
career in personal evangelism. He
believes Edison would have approved
his change in plans.
IT’S entirely up to you to decide — do you want to
become bald (or remain bald) or do you want to have
a good head of hair? If you want to be without hair,
you need only to continue to neglect your hair or to
punish it with alcoholic cure-alls.
If you want to retain the hair which you have and
grow more hair on the thin or bald spots — see a
Thomas expert today. He can adapt the IS year
proved Thomas' treatment to stop your abnormal
hair fall, end your dandruff, or promote hair growth
for you on the thin or bald spots. Call
today for a complete scalp examination
?without charge.
I SUITE 1050-51 WASHINGTON BUILDING
(Cornet N. Y. Avenue end 15th St. N.W.) NAT. 9562
<Separate Departmentt for Man ant Women i
HOURS—® AM. to 7 PM. SAIUBDAY to 1:3# PM.
MANILA GETS MAIL
1.800 Backs, Delayed by Ground
ing of Liner Hoover, Delivered.
MANILA. Dec. 27 if).-—Christmas
mail delayed by the grounding of the
liner President Hoover on Hoiahoto
Island, near Formosa, wa* distributed
here today.
The 8. 8. President Grant arrived
yesterday with 1.500 sacks of mail
taken off the $*.000,000 Hoover, which
grounded December 10.
Some of the *5 Hoover sailor*
brought here by the President Grant
said the Hoover wa* cracked amid
ships. had a 20 degree list, and had
awung broadside to the open sea.
U. S. School, Chinese Head.
Tsing Hun Oollege. Peiping, also
known as the American Indemnity
College because built with the Boxer
indemnity money America returned,
has a Chinese president but a large
American ataff.
Headline Folk
and What
They Do
" t ■■■ •
Joseph C. Grew Became
Diplomat Because T. R.
Liked His Book.
By LEMUEL F. PARTON.
THERE was a tiger in an open
door in China, the door of a
cave, and not John Hay'* open
door. Young Joseph Cl*rk
Grew crawled in and killed it. That,
plus a derision over a very tough bear.
»o delighted, even enraptured, Then
no re Roosevelt
that he made the
young man a dip
lomat.
That waa In
1904. In Tokln,
Ambassador Grew
relaya note* and
apologia* bark
and forth, as an
A mbassador
would at a time
like this, but his
job is a lot more
important than
that and his
q u a 1 i f i r atlons
murh greater. He
Joseph C. Grew.
is a singularly shrewd, tactful and
aeasoned career diplomat. In the
State Department, it is apparent that,
as Gov. Landon said, "polltira stops
at the water's edge,” and Mr. Orew,
a Hoover appointee, has in his ex
perienced hands the furtherance of
the President's policy in the Far East
at a time of possibly critical tension.
He and Franklin D, Roosevelt hart
a casual acquaintance at Groton anti
Harvard. The young Bostonian, get*
ting his sheepskin, lost no time ini
heading for Singapore to get himseli
a tiger akin. He took on all comera
in the Jungle in any kind of milling
they wanted, some of it bare-handed
rough-and-tumble. For two years he
hunted big game in Southern Asia
and then wrote a book about it,
"Sport and Travel in the Far East.”
He had vague ideas then about when
he wanted to do when he finished hi
jungle engagement, but was inclined
toward writing. The bear story, a
red-hot pulp magazine splash, caught
T. R.'a eye when he was browsing
through young Drew's book, A youth
who could get a half-Nelson on an
angry bear was T R a idea of e
diplomat. As soon as the cables were
open the next morning, they were
routing Joseph dark Orew, the hear
| wrangler, into a lifetime of rarrer
; diplomacy, via a post with the Egvp
, tisn Consulate-General at Cairo
I Without a single foot-slip hp moved
on up, through 33 years in posts at,
| Mexico City, Petrograd, Berlin,
; Vienna, Copenhagen and Berne. He
j was secretary of the Ameriran dele
| gation at, the Versailles Peace Confer
| enee and a member of many govern
| mental missions and conferences.
He is 87 years old. tall, weathered,
graying, with a heavy gray mous
tach. amoklng an old drop-stem pipe,
rapping out his onion-skin reports to
the President on his own similarly
durable career typewriter. Mrs. Gr»w
is a granddaughter of Commodore
Perry, who. for good or ill. opened
Japan to the West, and viee versa
in 1833. Living with them at the
embassy is their daughter, Mrs. Cecil
Lyon, and her two children.
Diplomats are always getting an
earful of something or other, and one
ear failed to stand the strain. Bu\
with his one good ear, Mr. Grew
hears plenty and pegs out eonclse,
always dependable, reports to the
President.
I _ ___
China Leads in Camel Ship*.
China has the greatest number of
camel ships of the desert, according
to a recent survey, with Siberia, Brit
ish Somaliland and North Africa sec
1 ond, third and fourth.
$f)C ftjcning §lnf
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