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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 31, 1937, Image 1

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<U. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Occasional rain tonight and probably
tomorrow morning; slightly warmer to
night. lowest temperature about 42; bolder
tomorrow night. Temperatures today—
Highest, 44, at 1 p.m.; lowest, 37, at 4
a.m. Pull report on page A-2.
Late New York Markets, Page 10
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
C£fU VTT A T? XT^ Q1 0*10 Entered as second class matter
OOtll X iliiXXi. JX O. post office, Washington, D. C.
0« Maana Aaaociatad Praaa. TWO CENTS.
Measures Allow Sweeping
Dispossession Exceeding
Hitler Policies.
Restraint Would Hit at Many
Who Fled Russia, Reich and
Poland After World War.
Jews were granted rights equal
to those of Rumanian Christians
only after World War, when the
allies in Paris forced government of
John Bratiano to abolish all racial
discrimination among its citizens.
Constitution was then amended
to permit such change. Now the
Nazi government of Rumania is
seeking to cancel amendment and
to drive all Jews out of the coun~
Bs the Associated Press.
BUCHAREST, Dec. 31.—Rumania’s
1.200.000 Jews faced the new year with
gravest anxiety today as stringent
measures imposed by the new govern
ment of Octavian Goga for “regula
tion of foreigners” made them fear
loss of homes and fortunes.
If utterances of the more zealous
leaders of Goga’s National Christian
party are to be accepted at face value,
Rumania is about to take measures
more stringent even than those intro
duced by Adolf Hitler in Germany.
These leaders are demanding that
all foreigners who became Rumanian
citizens after 1920 be expelled from
the country or be so strictly limited
In occupation privileges that they be
reduced to poverty.
Such restraints would hit squarely
at thousands of Jews who fled from
Russia, Poland and Germany after
" the World War.
Jews, desperately contemplating
flight now to a new haven, asked'
“Where to?"
Borders Are Closing.
Borders around them are closing.
Bulgaria has indicated she would not
permit any great influx of fugitives.
Little welcome was expected in Hun
gary or Yugoslavia. Even the gov
ernment of tolerant Austria—where
thousands of political refugees have
found security—paid attention to a
newspaper campaign “to close the
gates against foreign Jews—we have
In Bucharest today blue-shirted
Lancers (the Rumania equivalent of
Nazi Brown Shirts and Fascist Black
Shirts) paraded the streets maintain
ing order and recruiting a force to
carry out policies of the new nation
alist government as soon as its pro
gram is definitely made public.
There was order in the streets, but
extreme tension in Jewish quarters.
Observers pointed out that action
to "liquidate the Jewish problem” in
f Rumania would affect the state more
vitally and concern more persons than
it did in Germany.
Of Rumania’s 18,1.00,000 population,
1.200.000 are Jews, many of whom
have played important parts in recent
industrial and commercial expansion
of the country. Thus, many leading
citizens appeared destined to be hit
by the impending regulatory measures.
Await Radio Talks Tonight.
The country anxiously waited radio
talks tonight by Goga and King Carol
for full explanation of these meas
ures, which were semi-officially said
to call for confiscation'of Jewish land
holdings, revocation of citizenship of
all Jews who entered the country since
1920 and dismissal of all Jews In
public service.
In addition it was disclosed the
government plans to create a com
mission for "control of foreigners.” It
was expected Jewish physicians would
be obliged to produce diplomas, with
the possibility of revocation of licenses
granted since 1919. Similar regula
tion of engineers was expected.
Unverified reports said theaters and
moving picture shows would be sub
ject to national control and that to
effect centralization of authority, mu
nicipal government would be abol
Goga said “We are anti-Semitic in
principle—we don’t hate Jews. We
propose merely to recover Rumania
Xor the Rumanians."
The cabinet was considering strict
price control in the country’s vast
,-f road-building and country-wide meet
ings to make the national program
popular. Masses will be celebrated
tonight for King Carol and Goga.
Seek Sale of Properties.
Rumanian Blueshirt squadrons pa
trolled sections of three cities to keep
Many Jewish storekeepers and busi
s ness men were trying to find means
of selling their enterprises and leav
ing the country. Foreign diplomats
were being asked by their home gov
ernments as to how the expected Jew
ish emigration would affect their
The Blueshirts walked the streets
of Bucharest, Arad and Sibiu to “keep
a close watch everywhere and see that
all government measures are re
A closer relationship between Ru
* mania and the Rome-Berlin axis and
a possible break with Rumania’s tra
ditional friend, France, was seen in
the reported selection of Dr. Hie
Radulescu, Goga intimate and man
ager of an anti-Semitic paper, as Am
bassador to Rome.
Music Teachers Pick D. C.
Music Teachers’ National Association,
closing its four-day annual convention
today, selected Washington, D. C., for
4 its sixtieth convention in December,
7 1938.
Edwin Hughes, New York concert
pianist and teacher, was named pres
ident, succeeding Earl V. Moore of the
University of Michigan. .
a *
Alley Describes Bombing
Norman Alley, newsreel cameraman fright), shown talking
with Assistant Secretary of the Navy Edison at the Navy De
partment today. Mr. Alley was interviewed in connection with
the official showing of the films he made of the sinking of the
Panay. _—Associated Press Photo.
Alley Tells of Panay Sailors
. Risking Death to Save Ship
Stuck to Guns as Winged Doom Dived
in Attacks, Says Cameraman, Who
Recorded History.
(This is the second of a series of stories graphically describing the
Japanese attack on the Panay and the massacre of the Chinese in Nan
king. written by the newsreel cameraman whose pictures recorded the
attack and the sinking of the American gunboat.)
Tlie preliminary part of an air raid is a feature sometimes truly fas
cinating. I refer to the moment or two when you know vou are going to be
bombed and you gaze up in uncomprehending wonder at the tiny little speck
from which death is about to hurl. I have seen thousands with up-craned
necks at moments like this, stock-still and dumb. There, high in the blue
you see the plane, very small, very harmless looking. Perhaps it turns in the
sunlight—and it was bright sunlight •> ---
when they bombed the Panay—and
there’s a glint on the metal wings,
like silver. It is impossible to conceive
that this little thing could do any one
the slightest harm.
Then, from under the plane, a black
dot appears. It is infinitesimally small.
You just about see it. You can’t take
your eyes off it. As it is darting to
ward you it becomes larger, bit by bit.
Then there is a shape to it. A second
later, as you watch with baited breath,
it becomes a pear-shaped plummet,
streamlined for speed, trailing off in
a fishtail. Hell from heaven, this
plummet is a roaring bomb, for some
of us it was a hundred pounds of
frightful death. Then it is almost
upon you. You realize you have been
hearing a moaning whistle getting
louder and louder—now it is a terrify
ing shriek. It is then that you are
assailed by a frightful fear that wants
you to go, to move, to run, to escape
its murderous destruction.
Grinds Camera Unconsciously.
You run, or you don't. You scream
or you are struck dumb. You just
do one or the other, and either one
involuntarily. You, yourself, have
little control about it. It is something
to be remembered by every American
that under this inhuman strain there
—action on the sailors aboard the
Panay was to scramble to their guns
and fire. I have brought back pic
tures that prove I must have shot my
scenes during the terrible 10 minutes
the pelting bombs fell upon us. And
I need these pictures to prove it to
myself, if not to any one else. Because
I don’t remember my minutes of film
ing under fire half so vividly as I do
the gripping fear of imminent death
that squeezed my heart till it pained
all during the attack. Those sailor
boys must have had all the fortitude
a human being can possibly muster,
because they did things they did not
have to, in their efforts to defend the
They shot their machine guns right
in the face of planes so close they
must have felt the blast of wind from
the propellers as they roared by. It
is almost inconceivable that man will
do this when bombs come hurtling
down. And do it repeatedly after
experiencing what happens when the
bombs hit. When they hit the effect
is like a volcano blasting into your
face. The whole world seems to turn
into one blinding curtain of scream
ing flame and suffocating smoke. The
air is whipped by the whizzing spat
ter of the fragments of the bomb.
Everything seems to collapse tn that
thunderous shock, and if you’re on
a ship the chances are that most
everything does collapse. And while
you’re trying to pull yourself together
after that, you look up to the sound
like the snarling of a whole zoo full
of tigers and panthers and see that
plane, a moment ago a tiny dragon
fly no bigger than a man’s hand in
the sky, diving at you again as big
as a full-grown dragon, spitting pel
lets of lead whose touch is death.
First Bomb Hits.
Well, that gives a faint idea of
what happend to us that afternoon
aboard the Panay. It was 1:40 p.m.
Sunday, December 12, a day and hour
I'll never forget, when the first bomb
hit us. I had been in the officers’
mess room, right off the deck, stow
ing away a good load of nourishing
Navy grub, very badly needed, I can
tell you, after my days in Nanking,
where a square meal was as hard to
find as a peaceful scene. About the
only restful sight I had witnessed
since going to China from our Los
Angeles office was right there on that
little gunboat.
Before that first bomb hit was a
bright, sunshiny day. Visibility was
perfect if you didn’t happen to look
downstream toward the smoke pall
over Nanking’s burning fires. The
whole vista was peaceful and soothing,
not a beautiful picture, perhaps, be
cause the muddy, lazy Yangtze never
was a decorative river."
The Panay looked more like a
yacht than a gunboat, with its white
paint, shining brass and polished
woodwork. The little craft was of
shallow draft, drawing only 9 feet
of water, so she could chase pirates
into low water if necessary and in
spect them, or to create a respect for
(See ALLEY, Page A-9.) |
(alley tells navy
Cameraman Gives Officials
First-Hand Account of
Norman Alley, ace Universal cam
eraman, who filmed the bombing of
the U. S. S. Panay, today gave Navy
officials a first-hand account of the
disaster in connection with the firs'
official showing of the disaster films.
Acting Secretary of the Navy Charles
Edison was told the first hit of the
aviators was a direct one, but there
were others that smashed the gunboat
Sees Film for First Time.
Mr. Alley visited Admiral William
D. Leahy, chief of naval operations,
and his assistant. Rear Admiral James
O. Richardson. He then went to see
Mr. Edison and was accompanied by
the Acting Secretary to the movie pro
jection room in the Navy Department,
where an all-day newsreel show was
planned to accommodate the large
number of officers assigned to see the
In addition to Mr. Alley’s 3,000 feet
of film. Fox Movietonews exhibited
1,000 feet of the Panay sinking, taken
by Eric Mayell. Metro-Goldwyn
Mayer, which produces “News of the
Day," showed 800 feet of celluloid
descriptive of the Panay sinking, also
taken by Mr. Mayell, who, by agree
ment, worked for both concerns.
Print Given War Department.
The combined newsreel aggregated
nearly 5,000 feet of film.
Arthur A. De Titta, Washington
representative of Movietonews, Inc.,
made arrangements to have a special
print of the Panay sinking film given
to the War Department. This was
scheduled td be exhibited in the pro
jection room of the Army Signal Corps
in the Munitions Building at 2 o’clock
this afternoon. Lowell Thomas is
commentator for this film.
All the films for the sinking of the
Panay reached the United States by
way of the China Clipper and were
rushed to New York and Washington
by transcontinental plane.
After conferring with Navy officials
Mr. Alley left for the White House.
Jobless Compensation Agency
Seeks to Open Its Records to
Social Service Unit.
Ei the Associated Press.
HARRISBURG, Pa., Dec. 31.—The
State turned to its Department of Jus
tice today in a move to avoid “chisel
ing” on relief and unemployment com
Ernest Kelly, chief of the Division of
Unemployment Compensation and
Employment Service, asked Attorney
General Charles J. Margiottl for an
opinion on whether he could permit
the use <?f his records by the Depart
ment of Public Assistance.
This, he pointed out, would prevent
a person from obtaining both unem
ployment compensation and relief
above a living standard.
Kelly said he expected Mfcrgiottrs
decision early next week. Mow unem
ployment compensation rpoords must
be held entirely confidential except
for Federal agencies.
Loyalist Left Yields as 200
Planes Grapple for Air
Insurgents Concentrate Strength
in Engagement That May Bring
War to Conclusion.
By the Associated Press.
MADRID, Dec. 31.—More than 200,
000 insurgent and government troops
and 200 airplanes today were thrown
into the greatest battle of the civil
war, outside Teruel.
The bitterness of the fight developed
from a powerful insurgent counter
offensive to take that city, into which
the government fought its way last
More tanks, airplanes, artillery and
men than in any previous single battle
were thrown together in the conflict
which began on Wednesday.
Government lines on the right and
center of the front were reported
holding under terrific pressure. The
government gave ground on the left,
however, losing some positions which
were considered here to be unim
Thirty insurgent tanks participated
in one engagement along the railroad
line yesterday. Government observers
counted more than 190 insurgent air
planes in the air at one time.
Bombers Protected.
About 150 insurgent pursuit planes
were sent up to protect 40 bombers
harassing government positions north
and west of Teruel and the city itself.
This powerful concentration of air
craft. described as the greatest mass
ing of planes in the war, outstripped
air activity on the Guadalajara front
last February when 120 warplanes
were used.
Scores of heavy artillery pieces also
were employed by the insurgents as
their forces advanced toward Concud
across open terrain and from Fezas
toward Campillo. Intense hand-to
hand fighting developed in many
Government commanders estimated
twice as many men were engaged as
were ever used before in a single civil
war battle. They said the insurgents
brought shock troops from other
fronts along with practically all equip
ment used in the Asturias campaign.
Few Prisoners Taken.
It was reported government troops
occupied the Bank of Spain Building
in Teruel yesterday after mining it.
They took few prisoners, the report
said, as a majority of the defenders
were killed in the fighting and the
explosion. A short-wave radio trans
mitter was found.
Latest advices said government
troops captured the whole front part
of a block of houses overlooking Plaza
San Juan. The insurgents still were
holding various civil buildings and a
uovernmeni troops broke into the
courtyard of the Convent of Santa
Clara, where a water reservoir had
been blocked earlier. The insurgent
defenders were reported to have re
treated through the convent basement
to underground passages. The con
vent was afire.
Battle Peak Near.
HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron
tier, Dec. 31 i&).—Spanish insurgents,
in the greatest concentration of the
17-month civil war, pounded Muela De
(See SPAINTPage A-3.)
By the Associated Press.
time "shooters clubs” worked in secret
today on brilliant costumes for the
1938 Mummers’ parade, Philadelphia’s
traditional welcome to the new year.
Climaxing months of preparation,
.the celebrators will emerge from
quarters throughout South Philadel
phia tomorrow morning and pass up
Broad street in a 10-mile procession
of fun and frolic.
George B. McClemand, who moved
up to director of the pageant from
the ranks of the marchers, spoke mys
teriously about the stunts the various
clubs have perfected behind locked
and closely guarded doors.
Some 20,000 men and boys will
march in costumes that Mr. McCler
nand estimated cost $100,000.
Foreign Vigilantes Use Clubs
to Keep Order After
Wreckers March Out.
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI. Dec. 31—Chinese dev
astation squads marched out of Tsing
tao today, leaving undefended the
once-rich North China seaport marked
for conquest by advancing Japanese
A corps of foreign vigilantes armed
with clubs “'.tempted to maintain or
der in the city, from which an exodus
of Americans and other foreigners was
under way.
When Chinese police started leaving,
however, looters ran into the Japanese
business section. They ransacked what
Japanese property had not been de
stroyed in nearly two weeks of sys
tematic dynamiting. Chief aim of the
foreign vigilantes was to prevent dam
age to foreign property. »- !
The departing Chinese units started
a dozen new fires. A Japanese silk
factory and a Japanese tobacco com
pany building were among the struc
tures in flames.
Japanese Forces Awaited.
TJ^re were no new explosions dur
ing the day, and the foreign vigilantes
expressed the belief that all Chinese
dynamiters had fled.
Arrival of Japanese forces was ex
pected momentarily.
Only two hours before the devasta
tion squads of soldiers and marines
followed Gen. Shen Hung Lieh out of
the city, word reached Shanghai that
Chinese legions 100 miles to the west
were fighting desperately to stem the
Japanese advance long enough for de
struction of Japanese Tsingtao pro
perties to be completed.
A heavy engagement was reported in
progress near Weihsien, important
railway point. Once Japanese occu
pied that city their entry into Tsingtao
itself was expected to come within a
short time.
Chinese forces under Christian Gen.
Feng Yu-hsiang fought to hold White
Horse Mountain and the Mountain of
a Thousand Buddhas, in the path of
the Japanese advance southward from
Tsinan, conquered Shantung Province
capital. The major Chinese force had
withdrawn from the Tsingtao area to
the southwest.
On the Chekiang Province front
south of Shanghai other Chinese
(See TSINGTAO, Page A-3.)
DENVER, Dec. 31 (/P).—Gov. Teller
Ammons today suspended the Colorado
Tax Commission as a step toward
meeting an impending $4,000j)00 State
budget deficit.
The three members of the commis
sion each draw $300 per month. Gov.
Ammons said the commission’s func
tions would be carried on under James
A. Savage, secretary.
The Executive power act allows the
Governor to suspend any department
for 90 days.
Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page.
Amusement* Radio_B-4
A-4-5 Serial Story _.B-8
Comics -B--6-7 Short Story . A-9
Editorials_A-6 Society ..B-S
Finance ..A-10-11 Sports ...A-12-13
lost & Found.B-4 Woman’s Pg..A-12
Jews in Rumania face utter ruin under
new laws. Page A-l
Chinese devastation squads leave
Tsingtao undefended. Page A-l
200,000 men, 200 planes locked in bat
tle at Teruel. Page A-l
Farouk’s new premier pledges co-oper
ation with Britain. Page A-2
Tale of murder and piracy told by
survivors of cruise. Page A-l
President says attacks on business di
rected at minority. Page A-l
Early showdown seen on President’s
legislative program. Page A-2
Cameraman Alley tells Navy officials
of Pansy bombing. Page A-l
Capital to greet new year with parties,
devotions. Page A-l
Line forms before daylight in rush for
auto tags. Page A-l
Two physicians "on trial" for Group
Health activities. ^Page B-l
Death to New York brings D. C. traffic
toll to 106. Phge B-l
McCarran cites Capital's need for
stadium. Page B-l
Editorials. Page A-6
This and That. Page A-6
Answers to Questions. Page A-6
Political Mill. Page A-6
Washington Observations. Page A-6
David Lawrence. Page A-7
The Capital Parade. Page A-7
Dorothy Thompson. __ Page A-7
Constantine Brown. Page A-7
Lemuel Parton. , Page A-7
Odds on Bears, ticket prices take Mg
drop at Pasadena. Page A-12
Sleuths capture basket ball tourney
and Star Trophy. Page A-lt
Shenos and Mrs. Hays loom as winners
in Star pin tourney. Page A-1S
Shipping News. Page A-7
Nature’s Children. Page A-7
City News in Brief. Page A-7
Bedtime Story. Page A-7
Vital Statistics. Page A-8
Betsy Caswell. PageA-lS
Dorothy Dix. Page A-it
Cross-word Pussle. Page M-6
Letter-Out. Page B-6
Winning Contrast. * Page B-T
3c per copy
The price of The Evening Star will be 3c per copy
beginning Saturday, January 1, 1938.
This is made necessary in order to cover in part
the further heavy increase in the price of print paper
which goes into effect tomorrow.
There will be no change for the present in the
subscription price for the delivery of The Star in the
City and Suburbs.
Named Acting Prosecutor
to Fill Vacancy Left
by Garnett.
Chief Assistant United States At
torney David A. Pine was designated
today by the justices of the District
Court to act as United States attorney
until the appointment of an in
cumbent by President Roosevelt. He
was sworn in early this afternoon by
Chief Justice Alfred A. Wheat.
The resignation of Leslie C. Garnett
becomes effective at the close of busi
ness today, and the justices considered
it necessary for legal reasons that the
office should not be vacant at any
time. Previously it had been indicated
an acting district attorney would not
be appointed unless the White House
failed to send a nomination to Con
gress Monday.
Associate Justice F. Dickinson Letts
disclosed that the court has ascer
tained from Attorney General Cum
mings that Mr. Pine’s designation was
acceptable to him.
To the inquiry whether the Attorney
General had said he would recom
mend Mr. Pine be given the post
permanently, Justice Letts would only
answer that "the Attorney General
had no announcement to make at
this time.”
Mr. Pine entered the office of United
States attorney as chief assistant in
February, 1934. He is 46 years old
and a native of the District of Co
lumbia. His experience consists In
extensive service in the Department of
Justice and later in private practice.
Mr. Garnett was feted last night
at dinner by his entire staff and was
presented with an onyx desk set and
clock. Mr. Pine was toastmaster.
The affair was held in Harvey’s
It's 40 Below in Maine.
CARIBOU, Me., Dec. 31 (^.—Un
official thermometers recorded 40 de
grees below aero here today.
Many at Traffic Bureau Be
fore Daylight as Final
Rush Begins.
(Picture on Page B-l.)
A procrastinating public shivered
In an unbroken half-mile-long line
at the Traffic Bureau today as the
deadline drew near for 1938 auto
mobile tags.
Although the new plates were being
issued at the rate of 1.000 an hour,
many thousands will be forced to
leave their machines idle tomorrow
because they waited until the last
minute to get their licenses.
A possibility that a period of ‘ grace”
—for the benefit of those without their
new tags who stay out late tonight—
would be extended was seen by police
officials. This was done last New Year
Eve, when motorists were allowed to
drive until 7 a.m. the first day of the
year on “dead” plates. An announce
ment on this policy is expected to be
made this afternoon.
Those who don’t get their tags by
tomorrow and don’t have garages wiU
be in something of a dilemma. They
won’t be "ticketed” for leaving their
cars parked on the street with 1937
tags, unless they leave them there
all day, then they will be violating
the 18-hour parking law.
Petty Racketeering Noted.
Already harassed by the rush, bu
reau officials found themselves heckled
by a new problem—forms of petty
racketeering being carried on by
persons with “pull.”
One racket, it seems, is being
“worked” by a few fast-talking "hang
ers-on” who for a small consideration
volunteer to help those near the tail
end of the line get their tags.
"I know a fellow in there, lady,”
one of these fast talkers was quoted
as saying. “Gimme your application
and the money and I'll be right back
with your tags.”
Several unsuspecting tag-seekers
(See TAGS, Page A-9.)
Roosevelt Watches Big Apple
And Finds It Lacks Rhythm
The big apple is interesting but it
lacks rhythm, President Roosevelt de
clared today. He had watched this
year’s dance sensation performed by
his guests at the White House party
given last night in honor of Mrs.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., and Miss
Anne Clark of Boston, fiancee of John
The White House party was a part
of the holiday celebration which has
brought 7,000 season’s greeting cards
to the White House. At the rate they
are arriving, it is likely that several
thousand more will be received in the
next 24 hours.
The President said this morning
that he and Mrs. Roosevelt were
greatly pleased to receive these re
membrances and requested that he
be allowed to use the newspapers to
make his acknowledgement.
Hie President was asked If he had
made any New Year resolutions. He
replied that he always did that, but
that his resolutions were no different
than those of the average man.
The President said that no particu
lar plans had been made for celebrat
ing the passing of the old year other
than the members of the household
sitting up to watch the old year go
out and the new year come in. It was
his opinion that he would be compelled
to worked the greater part of New
Year Day on his annual message,
which he will read in person before the
Joint session of Congress at 1:30 pm.
Monday. The Prudent hopes to have
the message completed late Sunday
The President also is laboring hard
to have his budget estimates for the
next fiscal year, with his accompany
ing budget message, ready to transmit
to Congress by Tuesday or Wednesday
of next week. He conferred again
today with Secretary of the Treasury
Morgenthau and Daniel W. Bell, act
ing director of the budget.
The President will put aside his
message writing tor an hour or so to
morrow, when he talks informally with
Speaker Bankhead, whom he has in
vited to be a luncheon guest at the
White House. The President on Mon
day morning will hold another con
ference with the Senate and House
leaders for the last-minute check-up
on legislative matters before the con
vening of Congress Monday afternoon.
In the group will be Vice President
Garner and Senator Barkley of Ken
tucky, majority leader of the Senate:
Speaker Bankhead and Representative
Rayburn of Texas, majority leader of
the House.
The White House had a slim calling
list today. Besides conferring with
Mr. Morgenthau and Mr. Bell the
President had brief conferences with
C. T. Wang, Chinese Ambassador to
the United States; Representative Lea
of California and Myron Taylor, bead
of the United States Steel Corp.
Asked if he had seen the Panay
newsreels, the President said he ex
pected to have them shown at the
White House safe time next week.
Indicates by Parable That
All Business Is Not
Some Members of Congress Dis
agree and Call for Co-opera
tion in Secession.
President Roosevelt, at odds with
business throughout his first term
except for a brief “breathing spell,"
appeared last fall to be changing
his attitude in an effort to ease the
country out of a fast-developing
slump, in recent weeks, however,
administration spokesmen have in
dicated another change of heart,
this time concentrating to some
extent on “monopolies." The
latest anti-monopoly barrage was
started by Assistant Attorney Gen
eral Jackson.
President Roosevelt indicated with
a parable today that anti-monopoly
attacks on business by administration
officials were directed at only a small
minority in the business world.
He was asked at his press conference
to comment specifically on two speeches
by Assistant Attorney General Robert
H. Jackson and one by Secretary Ickes.
Mr. Ickes charged 60 wealthy families
with instituting a strike of capital
against the administration, while Mr.
Jackson also hit at “big business.”
The President recalled a speech by
Theodore Roosevelt in which he spoke
of some individuals as malefactors of
great wealth. The President empha
sized the word individuals.
He then added that a certain ele
ment of people charged his distant
relative with calling all wealthy peo
ple malefactors. He said this was not
the case.
The President told the reporters
they could call his comment a sequel
to the parable he started on Christmas
At that time he quoted at length
from a newspaper column which told
the story of Jesus' forgiveness of all,
including his betrayer, Judas Iscariot.
Asked if Henry Ford and General
Motors were to be held responsible for
j the recession, the President suggested
letting his parable stand, adding it
was a pretty good illustration.
Congress Members Reply.
Meanwhile, Secretary Ickes’ conten
tion that a finish fight must take place
between America’s millions and the
“60 families” drew quick rebuttal to
day from several members of Congress
The Secretary said in his radio ad
dress last night that “economic power
in this country does not rest in the
mass of the people as it must if a
democracy is to endure.”
"Here in America.” he said, "it is
the old struggle between the power of
money and the power of the demo
cratic instinct.
"In the last few months, this irre
concilable conflict, long growing in
our history, has come into the open
as never before, has taken a form and
intensity which makes it clear that it
must be fought through to a finish—
until plutocracy or democracy, until
America’s 60 families or America's
120,000,000 people—win.”
Some legislators expressed agree
ment with Secretary Ickes’ views, but
others in both major parties, com
menting on his speech, called for
greater co-operation between Govern
ment and business.
The address followed two denuncia
tions of “big business” by Assistant
Attorney General Jackson, head of the
Justice Department's Anti-Trust Di
vision, who, with Secretary Ickes, was
a guest on President Roosevelt’s recent
shing trip off the Florida Coast.
speculation Widespread.
These addresses have created wide
spread speculation over what Presi
dent Roosevelt would say in his an
nual message to Congress Monday.
One cabinet member, after a White
House meeting yesterday, said the
message—unless changed during the
week end—would be plainly worded,
but would be more temperate toward
business than the Ickes and Jackson
In the background of all speculation
over the President’s attitude was the
current business downspin, and what
it may mean politically to those who
support and those who oppose admin
istration recommendations.
The Ickes speech brought the com
ment from Senator Logan, Democrat,
of Kentucky, often an ardent Roose
velt supporter, that if the administra
tion is to attack "big business’* it also
should turn attention to some labor
"Labor has become just as tyran
nical and just as arbitrary as big
business,” he declared.
Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of
Montana said there is a "struggle for
power" between "certain politicians
(See ICKES, Page~T-3lj
Sidestepping direct responsibility
in indorsing a definite tax program
of their own, the Commissioners
decided today to send to Congress
with their “approval” the conflict
ing recommendations of the Cltl*
sens’ Advisory Tax Committee and
the Commissioners' Tax Committee
“for consideration as suggestive
sources of new and additional taxes
in the District.”
This was done, it was stated, on
the assumption there will be a for
mal hearing before the House Dis
trict Committee to consider revenue
legislation. Until then, the Com
missioners indicated they would
withhold comment on the tax sit
(Earlitr tag taorg as page M-l-l

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