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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 01, 1938, Image 3

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IN “"
New Year Eve Observance
Is Marked With Cus
tomary Gayety.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Jan. 1.—Manhattan’s
millions shed their worries last night
and welcomed the new year with tra
ditional revelry, at a shade less than
the cost of last year’s celebration
Amid the gay bedlam at midnight,
there was also the traditional quiet
note. Hundreds of churches opened
their doors for "watch night’’ services
to usher in the new year with prayer.
A light drizzle early in the evening
did not dampen the usual revelry at
Times Square—scene of New York’s
greatest throng every New Year eve.
Many Police On Duty.
There were 1,376 policemen assigned
to duty in the area, and 176 firemen
to guard against flalse alarms.
Cover charges remained about the
same as last year at most of the mid
town hotels and supper clubs, but the
consensus was that patrons got more
for their money.
Only a few night spots boldly in
creased their price over last year.
Prices ranged from 50 cents minimum
in restaurants to $15 a person in the
more lavish places.
Many of the better known clubs
and hotel ballrooms reported complete
sell-outs.
Among the novelties—every New
Year eve brings a new crop—were a
free shave on New Year morning, of
fered by one night club which en
gaged a barber for its top-hatted pa
trons, and a special New Year eve
cocktail called "Let Us Be Gay.”
Many Visitors.
Thousands of visitors arrived on
special trains to take part m the
metropolitan party. Other thousands
departed—one large group boarded
the liner Hamburg for a four-day
cruise to Bermuda and prepared to
toast 1938 at sga.
Hundreds of winter sports enthusi
asts took trains for upper New' York
and New England to spend New Year
Day skiing and skating.
On one airline passengers booked on
a Newark to Chicago flight to cele
brate the New Year twice—once by
Eastern standard time and once by
Central standard time.
-——«-.
Not Used to It, Maybe.
COLUMBIA FALLS, Mont. (^P).—
Twice within a week local volunteer
firemen had to race on foot with
chemical tanks on their backs.
When the fire engine failed the
first time it was discovered an open
pet-cock drained out all the gas.
When the tank was refilled they forgot
to turn it on.
Ickes
(Continued From First Page.)
hands should start rocking the boat.”
Sarcastically, Mr. O’Connor said he
appreciated the political hazard of
wishing an employer or a business
man a Happy New Year. In the in
terest of 60,000.000 people who are
employed by the 5,000.000 employers,
Mr. O'Connor said he would at least
wish the employers "a prosperous New
Year."
Senator Copeland, Democrat, of
New York also criticized recent ad
ministration speeches. Deploring such
attacks on 'big business,” Senator
Copeland said:
"I sincerely hope the President does
not take this view. * * * If the busi
ness world is reassured and actually
believes that there is a sincere desire
on the part of the administration to
co-operate, recovery will begin at
once."
Attributed to Administration.
Notwithstanding Mr. O'Connor’s ex
pression of disbelief that the speeches
of Mr. Jackson do not reflect the views
of President Roosevelt, the drive to
place the blame for the business re
cession on big business has been at
tributed to the administration, and
continues to be so attributed today.
The drive has its roots in two primary
desires.
The first is the desire of the Presi
dent to have written into law the
Wages and hours bill and the crop
control bill—both of which failed to
be enacted in the recent special ses
sion called to consider them. The
second is the desire of New Dealers
to avoid blame themselves for the
business recession—a strictly political
desire.
The President and some of his
advisers regard big business as the
6t,umbling block in the way of the
enactment of the wages and hours
bill. Other Democrats, and some of
them in important position, believe
that the real opposition to the wages
and hours bill comes from smaller
business men who believe they might
be harder hit by it.
Revenue Call Sounded.
As for the crop-control bill, which
has passed both houses and awaits
conference action, the President has
given warning to Congress that if it
provides for Government spending in
excess of the budget requirements.
Congress must provide the additional
revenue. The bills that have been
written go beyond the budget limita
tions—far beyond those limits, it is
said—and neither house of Congress
has sought to provide any new rev
enue. It is said that Congress in
tends to stand pat, and pass the buck
to the President in this matter. The
President is reported to be ready to
veto the bill, if no provision is made
for revenue to pay all the benefits to
the farmers.
Right here is where the President
Is said to regard business as the source
of his trouble over the farm bill.
Business is opposed to re-enactment
of processing taxes take care of the
additional revenue needed to finance
the crop-control bill.
About the politics of the situation:
New Deal leaders do not Intend to
let the blame for business recession
be pinned on them and their New
Deal laws and New Deal administra
tion. They are undertaking, there
fore, to accuse business and capital
of “striking” against the Government,
of forcing a recession and unemploy
ment. They are looking forward to
the congressional election this year
and to the presidential election in
1940.
Bid for Labor Vote Seen.
Attacks on big business and wealth
In recent campaigns have been effec
tive. the New Dealers believe. They
are going to try it on again. They are
intent on keeping with them the great
mass of the labor vote—even if they
have to sacrifice more conservative
Democratic votes. They hope that the
conservative Democrats, in the end,
will come along with them, impelled
by party loyalty.
In their desire to hold the labor
Rose Bowl Opponents Relax Before Big Game
(Story on page A-l.) |
Just before the Rose Bowl Game against California today these Alabama footballers found
humor in a viagazine article. Left to right, rear: Carey Cox, Charlie Boswell and Joe Kilgrow.
front: Vtc Bradford, Henry Cochran and Leroy Monsky.
-—————————————^
j The California Bears held little thought of the big game today as they played cards last
I night. Left to right: Ralph Sauer, Sam Chapman, Johnnie Meek. Jud Callaghan and "Pcrke"
i>tone-__—Copyright, A. P. Wirephotos. \
vote, the New Dealers are planning to
nominate candidates thoroughly ac
ceptable to labor. That means can
didates this year for the Senate and
House and for Governor—as for ex
ample, in New York. To meet the
New York situation, the New Dealers
are endeavoring to persuade Senator
Wagner to take the Democratic nomi
nation—the father of New Deal labor
1 legislation. In New York, the situation
' Is complicated by the American Labor
party—which may have a candidate
of its own for Governor. A real divi
sion in the labor vote might give the
Republicans a chance to elect a Gov
ernor.
When 1940 rolls around, the New
Dealers are figuring also on a candi
date who will command the support
of labor for President. Despite a de
mand that President Roosevelt run for
a third term, the best information
seems to be that the President will not
j seek to break the anti-third term tra
. dition. If he does not choose to run,
| the President's first choice may be
Robert H. Jackson, the Assistant At
i torney General spearhead of the at
! tacks on business. Indeed, it is re
j ported that Mr. Jackson is his first
choice today, provided Mr. Jackson
! can be built up into a national candi
date. That may mean, as a starter,
the election of Mr. Jackson as Gov
ernor of New York this year, in which
event the effort to win Senator Wagner
over to seeking the gubernatorial office
would be abandoned.
Kennedy Reported Second Choice.
Next to Mr. Jackson, it is believed
that the President would be willing to
take as a presidential candidate "Joe”
Kennedy, who is to be Ambassador to
Great Britain, or Gov. Frank Murphy
of Michigan. He would not balk at
Senator Barkley of Kentucky, the ma
jority leader of the Senate, or at Gov.
Earle of Pennsylvania or former Gov.
McNutt of Indiana.
Without minimizing the fact that
business and capital have become
afraid, some members of the admin
istration are hopeful that in the next
three months Congress will have so re
written the tax laws and given a clear
indication of what industry may ex
pect in the way of legislation that un
certainty will have ceased. Uncer
tainty, they believe, is what has caused
the spread of fear. Once that is re
moved the country will move ahead.
At the same time there are others
who point out that the two measures
particularly desired by the President,
the wages and hours and crop control
bills, both are bound to have the effect
of raising prices. The administration
j is now demanding a reduction in prices
of many commodities. The charge has
j been made that prices of steel, for ex
i ample, have increased far beyond the
i s^e of the increase in labor costs,
i This is denied, however, by authorita
tive sources. It is declared that the
increase in labor costs and taxes in the
third quarter of the year in United
i States steel far outstripped price in
crease of that commodity, and that
this fact can readily be ascertained.
Republicans Charge Alibi.
Republicans are seizing on the Jack
son and Ickes speeches. Senator Mc
Nary of Oregon, Republican leader of
the upper house, has charged they
are merely seeking an alibi, a way to
avoid blame for the business recession.
Representative Snell of New York,
minority leader of the House, last
night said:
‘‘Ickes has pronounced the New Deal
benediction for 1937—‘Let us hate!’
"His speech is a black page in the
history of the United States. It’s vio
lent and demoralizing demagogury
will one day symbolize the entire ad
ministration of Franklin D. Roose
velt.
"The people have not forgotten that
as recently as eight months ago an
army of Democratic National Commit
tee salesmen were distributing to some
of Ickes’ 60 families, at $250 per copy,
campaign books personally auto
graphed by the President of the
United States. That adventure in good
will among the monopolities since has
been pronounced by Attorney General
Cummings to have been not a viola
I
tion of the Federal Corrupt Practices
Act.
Recalls Campaign Aid.
"Big business is advised by Ickes to
'wash in strong disinfectants so that
it can come into the court of public
opinion with clean hands.’ I wonder
if he remembers that many of these
men whom he now denounces so vio
lently were those who furnished large
amounts of money to elect President
Roosevelt in 1932 and to continue him
in office in 1936? Did not some of
these corporations’ contributions help
give Ickes his job? Did he denounce
j them in 1932 and 1936? If they are
bad now, they were bad then.
"Did all these monopolies come into
existence since the President sent his
great peace-with-business message to
Congress on November 15? Mr. Roose
velt has had absolute and unlimited
power for five years. What has he
done to curb monopoly? This whole
campaign today is nothing but a smoke
screen to shield from public view the
colossal failure of the New Deal.
"The truth about the Roosevelt de
pression is well understood by the
American people. For five long years
New Dealism has sapped the very
roots of thrift, enterprise and per
sonal industry. Until these funda
mental energies of production and dis- j
tribution are permitted again to assert
themselves freely our economic sys
tem will remain crippled. ,
"Ickes would bring recovery by a
class war against 60 families. I sug
gest a more effective approach to the
problem would be to dismiss four or '
five official crackpots in Washington.”
BACK AT HOSPITAL
KEARNY, N. J„ Jan. 1 W.—
“Smiling Joe” Thomas, the big col
ored man who fled in his nightshirt
from West Hudson Hospital Monday
three days after the tip of a knife
blade had been removed from his
heart, came back yesterday.
“Well, here I am,” he said to
startled hospital attaches. “I’m sorry
I *went like I did. But I had to. It [
was necessary.”
Taken to the X-ray room, he was
found in excellent condition and was
told he’d be readmitted for only a
few days. Doctors had expressed
fear for his life after he disappeared.
Thomas was wounded in a brawl
Christmas eve, a 2,-..-inch piece of
knife blade breaking off inside him
when he was tabbed.
Senator Reiterates Boycott
Stand to Prevent Aiding
in a “Murder.”
By the Associated Press.
Senator Norris, Independent, of
Nebraska, sole remaining Senator who
voted against America’s entry into
the World War, said yesterday he had
become convinced that the United
States should maintain a strong Navy
"because Japan is gunning amuck.”
Though he has been a critic of
armament appropriations for many
years, Senator Norris said he had
come to feel that “we must not de
crease our naval expenditures.” He
made this remark in commenting on
President Roosevelt’s intimation that
additional naval construction may be
sought.
Senator Norris advocated a firm
stand for the maintenance of rights
of American citizens in China, de
claring Japan is intent on seizing
all of that country.
“If China should tell us to get out
of China, that would be her own busi
ness and we should get out. But if
any third power orders us out of
China, then we should stand on our
rights,” the Nebraskan declared.
Urges Boycott. ■
He said he realized that in taking
this stand he probably would receive
a great deal of condemnation, "while
others will write me to say they never
knew I was a great man until now,”
he added with a twinkle in his eye.
He was bitter, however, in his con
demnation of what he termed “Japa
nese aggression.” He recalled that he
had read reports that 250,000 Chinese
had been killed by Japanese invaders.
“A great many of them have been
women and children,” he said. “Many
Chinese soldiers who surrendered and
laid down their arms have been killed
by the Japanese. This has been
nothing but murder.
“I don't see how any civilized na
tion could pursue such a policy as
this. Japan is running amuck.”
At the same time, the Senator urged
a boycott of “anything and everything
that comes from Japan,” in replying to
a letter from Earl Constantine, New
York City, managing director of the
National Association of Hosiery
Manufacturers.
Contribution to Murder.
Mr. Constantine had written Sena
tor Norris protesting the latter's boy
cott stand on the grounds that it
would be harmful to American manu
facturers of silk goods, who get a
major portion of their raw silk from
Japan, and that it would bring unem
ployment to their workers.
"I cannot give my approval to any
patronage which might go to the
Japanese government, or the Japanese
people under present circumstances.”
the Senator wrote. ‘'Even though silk
stockings may be extremely • desirable,
so far as the women of America are
concerned. I do not see how any one
can contribute in any way to Japan,
knowing that the money going to Ja
pan will be used to destroy innocent
human lives.”
He said he could not agree that the
American lass or inconvenience arising
from a boycott would be as great as
Mr. Constantine had described in his
letter.
Senator Norris said he believed that
"if Japan succeeds in her conquest of
China, she soon will be producing her
own cotton and will purchase no more
American cotton whatever."
*-•
ACTION OVER GARBAGE
HOUSTON, Tex., Jan. 1 OP).—'The
United States and the steam tanker
Edward L. Shea went to Federal Court
yesterday over three buckets of gar
bage.
The Government charged some one
poured three pails of refuse over the
side of the tanker December 16 with
out permission of the Secretary of War.
The Government asks for $833.33 a
bucket—$2,500 in all.
tZa (P/cu c/Ze/te^
{/tie/cut year AaS written a mem
oratte /aye in t/ie /liitory, ■ c/ {//to I
.//efrt Z/tateiy/t.
{for your /riendty and yencrcui 1
Ju/t/iert tee are de'e/ty yrate/ut.
Seer nund/it </' cur res/onsititi
tiej as a {/test in cur community, we |
/tedye our continued sincerity c/
fuir/cie.
Casualties
(Story on page A-l.)
BRAD1SH G. JOHNSON, Jr.,
Correspondent for Spur and
News Week magazines, who
was killed by shell fragments
when the car in which he was
riding was hit during the
fighting near Teruel.
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
EDWARD J. NEIL,
Associated Press correspond
ent, who was wounded in the
thigh. —A. P. Photo.
CHILEANS ARE JAILED
Champion Jockey, Trainer Vic
tims of Newly Enacted Law,
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 1 (/P).—R.
Olguin, champion jockey of Chile,
and Jose Cueyvas, Chilean race horse
trainer, remained in jail here today
following their detention by Federal
immigration authorities upon arrival
from Chile Monday.
They brought Lawrence Barker's
Chilean horses, Sumatra III Plutarco
and Gandhi II. The newly enacted
law under which they were detained,
it was explained, makes it illegal for
them to work here except under a
permanent visa.
Efforts of Barker and the Chilean
Consul to effect their release have
been unsuccessful.
U. S. FRIENDSHIP
HOPE OE JAPAN
Set Forth as Cardinal Policy
of Cabinet for New
Year.
By the Associated Brass.
TOKIO, Jan. X.—Maintenance of
friendly relations between the United
States and Japan was set forth as a
cardinal policy for 1938 by the Japa
nese cabinet today in its annual New
Year greetings to the empire.
The New Year messages, to which
all members of the government con
tributed, dealt primarily with foreign
affairs, and the easy optimism of pre
vious years was lacking.
A realization that Japan must pre
pare for prolonged warfare by making
all necessary sacrifices pervaded the
greetings.
Resistance Threatened.
Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye
declared Japan’s actions today had a
world-wide effect, directly influencing
the world for peace or war. Japan,
he said, while trying to march ahead
as peacefully as possible, would offer
strong resistance to nations believing
in the existing status.
His statement was echoed by Com
munications Minister Ryutaro Nagai,
who said he considered the Japanese
must "work for redistribution of the
natural resources of the world, thereby
preventing the majority of the world's
population from falling into the depths
of despair.”
Foreign Minister Koki Hirota said
the Empire’s foreign relations had be
China
(Continued From First Page.)
several blocks. Several Chinese were
picked up in police vans and taken
to stations for questioning.
While Japanese authorities sought
to round up the Shanghai terrorists
a mighty segment of the Japanese
war machine maneuvered in Shantung
Province, some 400 miles to the north
west, to complete the domination of
the Tientsin-Pukow Railway and iso
late the province.
Detouring around Taian to avoid
severe fighting about 200 miles west
of Tsingtao, two Japanese columns
captured Pingyin and Feiching to
the east of the important railway
and were reported converging south
ward on Yenchow, also called Tseyang.
Planes Bomb Chinese.
Another force was moving east
along the Tsinan-Tsingtao Railway
toward Tsingtao and the coast.
Japanese warplane; tried to soften
the fierce Chinese resistance in bomb
ing forays. Twenty missiles were
dropped on Hsuchow, junction of
the Lunghai and the Tientsin
Pukow Railways, damaging , consid
erable trackage and destroying a post
office.
Since the operations started against
Taian more than 700 bombs had
been dropped there and several tem
ples at nearby Taishan, the sacred
mountain, had been destroyed, along
come difficult and delicate. He re
gretted relation* with Great Britain
were no better and acknowledged
Britain'* legitimate concern In the un
declared war between China and
Japan.
Hirota pledged Japan not to disturb
Britain’s Interests In China and asked
for reliance on Japan’s intention of
maintaining peace and checking Com
munism in the Far East.
Refers to Panay Incident.
The amicable settlement of the
sinking of the United States gunboat
Panay by Japanese warplanes was a
means of promoting friendship between
Japan and America, Hirota said.
“We are looking forward to main
tenance of a friendly policy on the
basis of the good neighborliness of
the United States led by President
Roosevelt and Secretary of State Hull,’’
Hirota declared. “I am convinced
friendly relations between America and
Japan more and more will be pro
moted."
Japan’s diplomatic future, based on
the anti-Communism pact with Italy
and Germany, he described as bright.
“The friendly attitude of Germany
and Italy In supporting Japan since
the outbreak of the Chinese incident
overwhelms the Japanese nation with
gratitude,” Hirota said.
15 MISSING IN WILDS
MOOSONEE. Ontario, Jan. 1 (Ca
nadian Press).—Grave fears were felt
here today for a survey party of 15
men, believed lost 100 miles southeast
of Ruperts House on James Bay.
An Indian search party went out
from Ruperts and a Canadian Airways
plane started from here to seek the
men. It was understood here a food
cache left for the men had not been
touched.
The party was making a survey line
from Evans Lake, Quebec, to the On
tario-Quebec boundary.
with many houses. Civilian casualties
were reported as 200 killed or wounded.
Meanwhile, at Tsingtao, seaport
prize for which the Japanese were
fighting in Shantung Province, Samuel
Sokobin, the United States Consul,
said there was no apprehension for
the safety of American lives and
property.
180 Americans Left.
Two hundred and fifty-one Ameri
cans had remained in the city while
Chinese devastation carried out two
weeks of systematic destruction of
Japanese property, pursuing the
strategy of leaving for the con
querors only "scored earth and broken
tile.”
The last of the wreckers marched
out of Tsingtao Thursdc., after burn
ing and dynamiting mills and other
Japanese properties. But in their
wake there was looting, for the Chi
nese police force had begun to dis
integrate. The mayor, Admiral Shen
Hung-lieh, and his force of marines
had departed, but the city was quiet
today.
The United States destroyer Pope
sailed from Tsingtao toward Shanghai
with a load of American evacuees—
mostly women and children—while
foreign volunteer vigilantes tried to
preserve order in the city. About 180
Americans remain there.
In Shanghai preparations were
made to take British and German
diplomatic representatives up the
Yangtze River to Nanking in a few
days to reopen their embassies.
American Security
AND TRUST COMPANY
WASHINGTON, D. G
Condensed Statement of Condition
as of December 31, 1937
RESOURCES
Cash on Hand and Due from Federal
Reserve and Other Banks.....$16,494,939.0(
U. S. Government Obligations, Direct
or Fully Guaranteed. 21,402,258.91
State and Municipal Bonds. $323,448.03
Stock in Federal Reserve Bank. 204,000.00
Other Securities.. 2,860,639.82
_ 3,388,087.8'
Loans and Discounts.....,. 14,260,774.6(
Accrued Interest Receivable. 272,690.31
Banking Houses, Vaults, Furniture
and Fixtures and Other Real
Estate Owned. 3,137,718.1(
Other Resources.,... 47,710.6(
Total Resources .$59,004479.4*
LIABILITIES
DeP°sits. $50,377,121.64
Reserve for Interest, Taxes,
Expenses, etc. 154,649.7]
Reserve for Dividends Payable Jan
uary 10, 1938 . 136,000.0C
Capital Stock..$3,400,000.00
Surplus. 3,400,000.00
Undivided Profits. 1,282,464.80
Reserve for Contingencies .. 253,943.33
Total Capital Funds... 8,336,408.13
Total Liabilities... $59,004,179.48
FIVE CONVENIENT BANKING OFFICES
Main omci: Fifteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue
CENTRAL BRANCH SOUTHWEST BRANCH
7th and Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Seventh and E Streets, S. W,
NORTHEAST BRANCH NORTHWEST BRANCH
Eighth and H Streets, N. E. 1140 Fifteenth St., N. W.
Capital, Surplus, Undivided Profits and Reserves
$8,336,408.13
UrnnStr fiBim BireiiT insurance corporatism
VIBRRAl, RESERVE . SYSTEM

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