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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 03, 1938, Image 2

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OF
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, Man Held for 17 Hours as
“Drunk” After Hold-Up Is
Due to Recover.
After being locked up in the fourth
precinct station for 17 hours as a
’‘drunk” following examination and
treatment at Gallinger Hospital,
Thomas P. Gallagher, 47, of 629 P
street S.W., lay in a semi-conscious
condition in the municipal institution
today from a brain concussion that
had caused his drunken-like stupor.
Police found Mr. Gallagher lying
Unconscious in front of 333 Virginia
avenue S.W. at 1:50 am. Saturday
and it was not until about 7:30 a.m.
yesterday that it was discovered he
had been Injured severely, the victim
of a beating and robbery.
Dr. Edgar A. Boeock, superintendent
Of Gallinger, said Mr. Gallagher ap
peared better today, and there was
every indication he would recover.
Two colored men and a colored
woman, said by police to have ad
mitted robbing and beating Mr. Gal
lagher, were held at the fourth pre
cinct. They were booked as Ola
Haston, 25, and Willie Dorsey, 25,
both of 333 Virginia avenue S.W.,
and Edward Keyser, 29, of 1112 P
ftreet N.W.
Treated at Hospital.
Policemen W. W. Knox and E. M.
Gorely, who found Mr. Gallagher in
the street, put him on a stretcher and
took him to Gallinger in the fourth
precinct patrol. There he was treated
by Dr. Jack Sullivan, a staff physician,
for "bruises over the forehead and in
toxication,” according to the police
report.
Still semi-conscious, Mr. Gallagher
Was returned to the precinct station
and locked in a cell early on New
Year Day.
Meanwhile, Mrs. Gallagher became
frantic over her husband's unusual
absence from home. She said he got
off from work about midnight at the
Benning road plant of the Potomac
Electric Power Co. She expected him
home about 1 a m., and, when he did
not come, she sat up all night at the
front window waiting for him.
After dawn Saturday, Mrs. Gallagher
began calling police stations and hos
pitals. She said she called the fourth
precinct station about 9 a m. and was
told no person named Gallagher was
held there. She then described her
.husband as wearing high boots and
corduroy breeches, and was told no
one of that description was there, she
said. Later in the morning she said,
a friend went to the police station and
got the same response.
Posted $10 Collateral.
Mrs. Gallagher said she called the
police station again about 7 p.m. and
was told to come and see if she could
identify her husband. She found him
lying in a cell, his eyes open but unable
to speak. She posted S10 collateral
for his release on the drunk charge.
'' “I don’t know how I got him home,”
* Mrs. Gallagher said, "but we got there
somehow. I laid him on the sofa and i
• pulled off his boots. He lay there in i
►a stupor all night,”
About dawn yesterday Policeman!
Gorely and Knox went to the Gal- I
lagher home to get Mr. Gallagher to '
identify the three accused of robbing
him. When they saw his condition
they advised Mrs. Gallagher to call
a doctor.
£ Mrs. Gallagher summoned Dr.
George R. Sorrell from across the street
tTand he immediately sent the injured -
man back to Gahinger.
Dr. Bocock said the Gallinger staff
was amazed at the circumstances. He
said that, according to the physician
who treated Mr. Gallagher early Sat
urday, he ‘‘obviously had been very
definitely intoxicated.” The symptoms
of alcoholism completely masked the
•ymptoms of the brain injury, Dr.
Bocock said. He added that in dis
missing Mr. Gallagher the physician
had told the policemen to bring him
back if he did not come around in
three or four hours.
Can’t Believe It.
Oapt. Jeremiah A. Sullivan said
*1 can’t believe it happened,” when
Informed that Mrs. Gallagher had
been turned away while her husband
waa locked in a cell there throughout
Saturday.
Policeman Knox said he and Officer
Gorely arrested the three colored
persons within an hour after they had
found Mr. Gallagher. Although the
Injured man had not been able to
complain of the robbery, the police
men acted on other evidence, includ
ing the fact thas his trousers had been
Cut around the hip, obviously to get
at his wallet, which was missing, Mrs.
Gallagher said she did not believe her
husband had more than $5 in his
pockets.
Police did not explain how they
Connected the colored persons arrested
with the robbery. Capt. Sullivan said
they were arrested on the basis ‘‘of a
little information here, and a little
there.” After questioning Saturday,
they admitted ‘‘robbing and striking
Gallagher on the head,” according
to the police report.
Mrs. Gallagher said she had been
Informed that her husband stopped
tHth some friends at a tavern at Fif
teenth and H streets N.E. after leaving
work and drank two or three glasses
<Sif beer. She surmised that he then
pad walked toward home. She said
he worked for the power company for
pearly 20 years.
* In Portuguese bull fights the bull’s
horns are humanely encased in blunt
leather sheathes packed with lead.
TYDINGS ATTACKS
MREFERENDUM
Senator Tells Town Hall it
Is Potential Invitation
to Aggression.
The Ludlow war referendum bill
was castigated by Senator Millard E.
Tydings of Maryland last night before
Town Hall as a potential invitation to
aggression against the United States
and as a strait-jacket upon the Gov
ernment in protecting the lives of
American nationals abroad.
The Maryland Senator coupled his
attack upon the Ludlow proposal, for
which 218 members of the House of
Representatives have signed a petition
to discharge the House Judiciary Com
mittee, with a demand that Congress
act to curb Japan.
His three-point plea that Congress
forbid continued extension of credits
to Japan—bar Japanese goods from
the United States, and prevent sale of
American goods to Japan—evoked
rounds of applause. »
He was speaking in place of Aldous
Huxley and Gerald Heard, who were
to have debated “Roads to Peace."
Illness prevented Mr. Heard's appear
ance here and indefinitely postponed
the debate.
Emphasizing that there is no royal
road to peace, Senator Tydings
launched into an assault upon the
Ludlow plan to amend the Constitu
tion with a challenge to the theory of
ts sponsors that the American people
ire less likely to vote for a foreign war
han is Congress.
He agreed with the peaceful motive
if the Ludlowites, but insisted upon
a is right as a member of Congress to
rote for or against a declaration of
war.
Envisaged Dangers to Safety. I
Mr. Tydings envisaged grave dangers '
for the safety of the country in de
lays, which he considered inevitable,
in obtaining an expression of popular
approval of a war, and found a possible
negative result of the referendum to
be a bid to aggressive forces to attack
the United States.
The threat of force implied In the
American protests to Japan over the
Panav sinking, he declared, might
have been absent if the referendum
were a part of the Constitution, and
this weakness would have made Japan
less willing to give this country satis
faction.
“As long as foreign governments are
uncertain of the tenor of our people,”
he declared, “things can be accom
plished which would be impossible if
the people have registered their in
tention not to go to war. The threat
of force is a preventive against inter
national crime just as policemen are
preventives against local crime.”
He cited the President's constitu
tional power to control American for
! eign relations and declared this proper
because of his superior facilities for
! knowing what is happening abroad,
and added:
“The President would be in a weak
and pitiable position in conducting
foreign relations if it were supposed
| the people might not be in accord
j with his actions.”
Three-Point Propotal.
Japan has broken a treaty with the
i United States by invading China, he
' asserted in advancing his three-point
proposal for congressional action
against that country.
"If the United States, the biggest
consumer of Japanese ailk, were to
turn to the use of cheap substitutes
Japan would never regain that market.
Japan is one of our biggest customers
for cotton, and we would lose this
market, but we could absorb our loss
a thousand times better than Japan
could absorb hers,” he said.
The speaker was cross-examined by
a panel composed of Harold Hinton of
the New York Times, Representative
Hamilton Pish of New York, and Col.
Sherman Miles, U. S. A. Edward
Keating, editor of Labor, presided.
Col. Miles took exception to eco
nomic boycotts as the imposition of
American political will upon a foreign
nation which might lead into, rather
than avoid, war.
Representative Pish saw danger
rather than avoidance of foreign war
in selecting aggressors and termed the
Neutrality Act an attempt to change
international law.
Mr. Keating objected to the conclu
sion that the Neutrality Act has
failed before it had ever been tested.
The program of Town Hall for the
next two weeks has been altered, with
Henry Pratt Fairchild scheduled to
speak January 9 on “The Recent Busi
ness Recession and the Way Out,” and
Gen. Hugh Johnson following him
January 16 on a topic which has yet
to be announced.
90,000 PUPILS END
CHRISTMAS VACATIONS
Return to Schools Today While
Workers Generally Go On
Normal Schedules.
With the holiday vacations over,
Washington workers and school chil
dren attempted to return to normalcy
today by getting back to work.
More than 90.000 pupils in the
public schools reported to classes
this morning. Repairs to several
heating plants throughout the school
system had prepared all buildings for
cold weather.
Pupils in the public schools had
a 10-day vacation, which began De
cember 24. Government workers had
a three-day vacation over Christmas
j week end, and both Saturday and
I Sunday for New Year.
ART PICTURES
Seta Number 1. 2, 3, 4. 6, 6, 7, 8, 9. 10, 11 and 12
Now Available
ANY one is entitled to one week’s set of Four
Pictures in the Art Appreciation campaign
of The Star upon payment of only 39c at the Art
Counter in the Business Office of The Evening
Star.
By mail—inclose 46c (stamps not acceptable),
addressed to the Art Appreciation Counter, The
Evening Star.
Indicate desired set—No. 1—2—3—4—6—6—7—8—9—10—11—13
Name_.........__...
Address_____......._.....
Age (if student)___Years,
As Final Session of Seventy-Fifth Congress Opened Today
■"Mj—."1 .-. -n.... , I - .— ___
A general view of the rostrum, of the House of Representatives, made today
as the Rev. James Shera Montgomery, chaplain, led the members in prayer at
the opening of Congress. Standing directly behind the chaplain is Speaker Bank
head. The vacant chair beside him was reserved for Vice President Garner dur
ing President Roosevelt’s address before a joint session. In foreground members
of the House can be seen with heads bowed during the prayer. —A. P. Photo.
ARE FATAL TO NEIL
...
A. P. War Correspondent Is
Dead of Hurts Received
New Year Eve.
Bl the Associated Press.
ZARAGOZA, Spain, Jan. 3.—Ed
ward J. Neil, jr., Associated Press
war correspondent with the Spanish
insurgent armies, died yesterday of
shrapnel wounds he suffered while
reporting the insurgent counter offen
sive on the Teruel front.
The 37-year-old, white-haired war
correspondent failed to rally after
blood tranfuslons, administered at the
Red Cross Hospital here, 100 miles
north of Teruel.
He was the third to die of wounds
caused when a 75-millimeter shell
struck an automobile in which four
correspondents were seated at the
tillage of Caude, five miles from
Teruel.
Bradish Johnson, Harvard graduate
and correspondent of the Magazines
“Spur" and “News Week," was killed
outright and E. R. S. Sheepshanks
of Reuters (British News Agency},
also brought to Zaragoza, died Friday
night. Harry Philby of the Times of
London was injured slightly.
Transfusions Given.
For a time Sunday, Mr. Neil had
seemed out of danger. He had been
given one blood transfusion at Caude
before being brought to the hospital
here. Other transfusions followed, in
cluding one from a Catholic priest,
who was with the newspaper man
when he died.
Specialists who had done their ut
most to save him. fellow journalists,
and insurgent press department offi
cials were with Mr. Neil at his death.
He had suffered 34 wounds in his
legs and abdomen and fracture of
one leg.
Insurgent Generalissimo Francisco
Franco, who had telephoned Zaragoza
to inquire of Mr. Neil's condition, ex
pressed deep sympathy when Informed
of his death.
The correspondent, who earlier in
his career became known to millions of
sports fans for his vivid accounts of
sport's events, had covered the Ethio
pian War and since May Spanish in
surgent battlefronts.
Watched Teruel Battle.
With the other correspondents, he
had gone to Caude for a first-hand
view of the insurgent offensive which
resulted in recapture of Teruel in the
greatest battle of the Spanish civil
conflict.
Two days before he was injured, Mr.
Neil had cabled what was to be his last
story, telling of successful defense of
the Teruel Seminary by a garrison of
beleaguered Insurgents. He had told
how "foreign newspaper men, circulat
ing freely” on the insurgent front, saw
war planes assault the government
lines.
He had seen the conflict in many
parts of Spain. In June, on the night
of the fall of Bilbao, he scored a beat
of two hours by sending his story from
a cable station which then was under
fire. Bullets struck a wall a few inches
from his head, and he remarked: “The
story has gone! If I’m going, I would
rather go with the story on the wire
than unwritten.”
While in Zaragoza Hospital, before
there was any indication of how ser
iously he was wounded, Mr. Neil said:
“Well, I guess the war is over for
me.”
Mass in Cathedral Today.
A mass was arranged for Mr. Neil in
Zaragoza Cathedral today. His body
will be taken to the United States.
Dwight L. Pitkin of the Associated
Press Paris Bureau will accompany
his casket out of Spain.
Claude G. Bowers, United States
Ambassador to Spain, sent his per
sonal bodyguard here from Hendaye,
France, to facilitate transportation of
the bodies of Mr. Nell and Mr. John
son.
GOMEZ TO GO TO RENO
Pitching Ace Anxious to Have
Divorce Hastened.
HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 3 (A*).—Vernon
(Lefty) Gomez, pitching ace of the
New York Yankees, planned today to
set up residence in Reno, within a
stone's throw of the busy divorce court.
"If I'm gomg to get a divorce, I’ve
got to hurry," Gomez said of his
estrangement from June O’Dea, New
York actress.
“It'll take six weeks the shortest
way you can figure it, and by that
time I’ll be due at the Yankees’ train
ing camp down in Florida. I'm going
to Reno right away,"
He and Miss O’Dea parted last April,
Oomea said.
A. P. Tribute to Neil
American Newspaper Man Went to Spain With
Idea of Doing a Job and Not Merely for Sake
of Adventure, Says Kent Cooper,
WORDS which come to us flu
ently in reporting the news
of the day completely fail
us in expressing the depth
of our sorrow at the loss of a fellow
worker in such circumstances as be
fell E. J. Nell.
His proud boast was that neither he
nor his father ever had any other
employer than the Associated Press.
Neil did not undertake this assign
ment for the mere sake of exciting
adventure.
He was a competent, sensible re
porter who went because there was
a task to be done. He wanted to do
it. He did not go as a ‘‘visiting jour
nalist” who does not venture beyond
where comfort and safety are assured
and who returns quickly to capitalize
his ‘‘trip to the front” on the radio
or platform as a ‘‘war correspondent.”
Like the assignment In Ethiopia
ARMY OF 800.000
New Troops to Reinforce
Approximately 900,000
Now in Field.
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Jan. 3.—China's crack
military leader—Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek—stripped himself of civil
administrative responsibilities today
and concentrated his efforts on ef
fectively resisting the Japanese in
vaders.
It was made known simultaneously
that China Is training, behind the
lines, a new army of 800,000 men to
support the 90 divisions—approxi
mately 900,000 men—trying to hold
back the Japanese horde today.
Chiang Kai-shek became commander
in chief of the army and temporarily
took charge of the navy while Finance
Minister H. H. Kung, succeeding him
as president of the executive yuan, as
sumed the nation’s highest civil ad
ministrative functions. Other im
portant changes in key posts and
ministries were made.
The government decided to abolish
all reformatories for political offenders
and to release all inmates.
On far-flung battle fronts the Japa
nese were still smashing relentlessly
ahead, resisted but not halted in their
; which he saw through to the end
he volunteered to say to me he would
like to stay it out In Spain as long
as it or he lasted.
One who served with such distinc
tion and such steadfast devotion to
duty surely will have proper recogni
tion in the hearts and memories not
only of his associates, but of the read
ing public he served through danger
so faithfully and so competently.
Finally, it might be said that the
tragedy of his death may contribute
something to the newspaper reader's
understanding of the danger some As
sociated Press men incur when they
undertake these most difficult tasks of
covering the news of strangely tangled
war events in strange lands.
Memory of Eddie Neil w’ill be treas
ured as long as the A. P. lasts.
KENT COOPER,
General Manager.
campaign to hammer China into sub
mission.
Latest Japanese gains were in rich
Shantung Province, where the in
vaders captured the important city of
Taian on the Tientsin-Pukow Railway.
Chinese air activity, resumed after
a long lapse, was marked by an at
tack on Nanking, Only vague details
were learned.
At Canton, city officials threatened
to destroy the populous port rather
than surrender it to Japan's threat
ened South Cl\ina offensive.
Information reaching Shanghai sup
ported reports that Japanese peace
overtures to China had been rejected.
The Chinese pointed out that they
were anxious to negotiate, but said
the Japanese terms were impossible.
In line with Chiang Kai-shek’s ef
forts to strengthen China’s defense,
the country has been divided into
seven war zones.
U. S. LIQUOR VIOLATIONS
EXCEED DRY ERA TOTAL
B) the Associated Press.
The annual report of Attorney Gen
eral Cummings disclosed today that
more persona were sent to prison for
Federal liquor law violations last year
than in any prohibition year.
Prison commitments for liquor law
violations reached a high of 5,390 In
the fiscal year ended June 30, 1937.
The highest during any year of prohi
bition was 5,045, in 1932.
Officials said the chief offense now
and during prohibition was posses
sion and sale of liquor on which the
1 Federal tax had not been paid.
HEADED BY RELIEF
Nine Legislatures to Hold
Regular Sessions in Next
Few Weeks.
By (he Associated Press.
CHICAGO, Jan. 3.—Relief financ
ing, termed by one lawmaker as
"public headache No. I," will receive
prime attention from State Legisla
tures during 1938, a survey disclosed
today.
There are numerous other problems,
tax revision, finances, school aid, labor,
liquor control, prisons, but relief ap
pears to top the list.
The "public headache-’ characteriza
tion came from Charles E. Loizeaux,
president-elect of the New Jersey
Senate.
Legislatures of nine States have
regular sessions scheduled, but only
two States have special sessions in
progress. It is a legislative off year
in at least 21 States where no sessions
are due until 1939.
Controversy in Ohio.
Ohio’s special session began Novem
ber 29 and gives promise of continuing
long into 1938, with an estimated
$15,000,000 relief bill involved In an
urban-rural controversy. The Ohio
Senate began a sweeping graft In
vestigation.
Georgia’s special session began
November 22 and today resumed work
on Gov. E. D. Rivers’ tax revision
program and proposed reorganization
of prison administration and parole.
Legislatures of Kentucky, Mississippi
and Rhode Island are to meet tomor
row; Massachusetts and New York on
Wednesday; New Jersey and South
Carolina, January 11; Virginia, Jan
uary 12; Louisiana, May 9.
Relief Headaches.
Relief or welfare “headaches" were
reported In New York, New Jersey,
Rhode Island. South Carolina and
Virginia. Michigan. Nebraska and
Idaho, with no regular sessions sched
uled, may call special sessions on re
lief matters.
Kentucky contemplates a whisky
control bill. Rhode Island legislators
may take up Gov. Robert E. Quinn’s
proposal that voters again pass on
horse race betting, now permitted.
Physicist to Make Address.
Dr. Paul R. Heyl, physicist of the
Bureau of Standards, will address the
National Capital Amateur Astron
omers' Association at a meeting in
the National Museum, Constitution
avenue and Tenth street N.W., Sat
urday night. He will discuss “What
Is Gravitation?”
Total Unemployed or on Emergency Work
Totally unemployed and Working at W. P. A., N. Y. A.,
State wanted work C. C. C. or other emergency work
Total Male Female Total Male Female
United States total.5,821,035 4,163,769 1,657,266 3,001,877 1,662,444 3,394,433
Alabama . 150,145 98,942 51,203 38,739 30,782 7,957
Arizona .-. 12,948 10,220 2,728 8,476 7,176 1,300
Arkansas .^. 92,149 67,832 24,317 34,254 29,037 5,217
California ..-. 258,005 182,466 75,539 91,055 68,674 22,381
Colorado. 44,272 33,967 10,305 20,829 15,621 5,208
Connecticut. 69,576 48,183 21,393 18,206 15,776 2,430
Delaware .—.-__ 8,907 6,493 2,414 2,429 1,883 546
District of Columbia_ 37,600 19,073 18,527 9,765 6,960 2,805
Florida . 73,479 42,924 30,555 33,151 25,491 7,660
Georgia.....-. 130,803 78,715 52,088 36,587 27,573 9,014
Idaho .- 18.641 15,819 2,822 7,239 6,171 1,068
Illinois .. 338,055 246,732 91,323 121,683 106,270 15.418
Indiana. 133,136 97,724 35,412 53,267 47,865 5,402
Iowa .-.-.. 61,531 46,760 14,771 23,765 20.324 3,441
Kansas .-. 64,575 49,361 15,214 35,038 27,926 7,112
Kentucky . 143,031 98,240 44,791 54,352 44,838 9,514
Louisiana _ 97,317 69,410 27,907 33,160 27,026 6,134
Maine .- 37,814 27,534 10,280 I 6,050 5,226 824
Maryland ..—.-.-. 58,288 41,518 16,770 12,947 11,237 1,710
Massachussetts.-. 248,484 162,052 86,432 § 79,135 62,428 16,707
Michigan ___-. 195,016 147,445 47,571 f 64,172 47,914 6,258
Minnesota . 98,495 75,568 22,927 ff 45,684 38,937 6,747
Mississippi .-. 89,584 60,654 28,930 T 29,377 22,455 6,922
Missouri . - 191,873 133,573 58,300 f 65,109 55,333 9,f78
Montana. 28,390 22,867 5,523 ? 20,203 17,515 2,688
Nebraska . 44,872 33,446 11,426 v 25,850 22,044 3,806
Nevada . 3,091 2,571 520 * 1,757 1,385 372
New Hampshire. 25,311 16,219 9,092 ? 6,628 5,305 1,323
New Jersey. 217,176 156,371 60,805 70,354 60,155 10,199
New Mexico. 21,162 18,232 2,930 9,428 8,313 1,115
New York. 763,322 537,007 226,315 206,518 178,974 27,544
North Carolina. 94,711 55,270 39,441 31,030 22,471 8,559
North Dakota. 26,962 22,340 4,622 18,707 15,531 3,176
Ohio —. 304,682 223,254 81,428 105,185 92,375 12,810
Oklahoma -.-.. 114,114 85,596 28,518 58,725 48,212 10,513
Oregon . 58,557 46,673 11,884 14,634 12,414 2,220
Pennsylvania. 566,437 440,692 125,745 184,014 157,882 26,132
Rhode Island.. 43,654 27,453 16,201 14,889 12,487 2,402
South Carolina. 73,227 44,268 28,959 29,401 20,694 8,707
South Dakota- 26,002 20,533 5,469 23,680 19,323 4,357
Tennessee. 116,142 76,266 39,876 31,956 27,609 4,347
Texas . 229,254 163,223 66,031 76,355 55,643 20,712
Utah. 18,848 14,959 3,889 10,945 9,223 1,722
Vermont. 10,197 7,619 2,578 4,128 3,362 766
Virginia._. 84,487 53,373 31,115 28,112 20,329 7,783
Washington . 89,871 71,196 18,<75 31,078 26,574 8,504
West Virginia- 86,449 69,315 17,134 34,061 29,194 4,867
Wisconsin- 112,728 87,467 28,261 46,574 40,172 6,402
1. Wyoming - 7,665 6,368 1410 8,191 2,336 666
AiDAGAINSTGOGA
Former Premier Also Asks
Place in Rumanian
Peasant Party.
By the Associated Press.
BUCHAREST. Jan. 3—A message
from former Premier Nicolas Titulescu
offering aid in combatting the new
government of Premier Octavian Goga
and any Fascist Tendency created a
sensation in Bucharest today.
Titulescu, who recently refused to
accept membership in the peasant
party, also asked in the message tc
Julius Mani, party president, that he
be considered a member now.
Circles close to Mani said if h<
and the former premier could reach
a working agreement it would con
stitute the strongest possible check on
any Ultra-Fascist program.
Titulescu, suffering from a throat
ailment, indicated he planned to re
turn to Bucharest in January.
The head of the government press
department, meanwhile, officially de
nied foreign reports that France was
forbidding arms shipments to Ru
mania.
Officials at Paris said Saturday the
French government had ordered a
virtual embargo on armament ship
ments to Rumania and Yugoslovia,
long Prance's allies, because of their
growing friendship with Italy and
Germany.
Premier Goga Saturday sent to
Premier Benito Mussolini a telegram
expressing hopes for close Italian
Rumanian friendship.
It was reported reliably that Mme
Magda Lupescu, friend of King Carol
had left Rumania. She was believec
to be on her way to Paris.
GEN. OGLETREE’S RITES
Services to Be Held in Louisiant
for Confederate Veteran.
LOGANSPORT, La., Jan. 3 UP).
Funeral services were arranged hen
today for Lt. Gen. W. E. T. Ogletree
89, who served as adjutant genera
and chief of staff of the United Con
federate Veterans in 1935.
NOTE ON BUDGET '
New Session Begins, With
Estimates on Length
at Odds.
I A new session of Congress, expected
by some to be briefer than usual and
anticipated by others as long and
bitter, started today:
With the President's message de
livered, the legislators anxiously
awaited his next important document
—next year's budget estimates—which
probably will be submitted either to
morrow or Wednesday.
The Congress assembling at noon
was the same one which, in two ses
sions last year, revolted against such
administration measures as the Roose
velt court bill and the Black-Connery
wrage-hour bill. ^
But this time it was meeting under
fundamentally different circumstances.
When It convened a year ago business
was booming and the President had
just won the biggest election in the
Nation’s history.
Now, however, Congress faced na
tional elections a few months ahead
and official figures showing unemploy
ment once more- on the cflimb.
A cleavage in Democratic congfes
sional ranks still existed as a result
of some of the Chief Executive's 1937
legislative proposals. Many political
observers said the President's course
would determine whether Democrats
would fight shoulder-to-shoulder or
face-to-face in the November elections.
Comment of Snell.
Republican Leader Snell of the
House said:
"If the administration wants to work
with Congress for a co-operative ap
proach to our problems, it will get
somewhere. If not, the session will'
end up like the recent special session
with little done.”
Senator O'Mahoney, Democrat, of
Wyoming commented that "the people
don't want any social warfare, they
want social construction.”
But Senator Norris. Independent, of
Nebraska, a Roosevelt supporter, de
clared:
"There Is a lot of opposition where
there ought to be none. The unem
ployment situation has got to be met.
I don't believe we can balance the
budget in the next year undess we
increase the suffering of the unem
ployed.”
Forecast by Byrnes.
Senator Byrnes. Democrat, of South
Carolina forecast the session would
complete the pending farm bill, act on
Government reorganization and tax
revision, and probably make some
amendments to the anti-trust laws.
“The appropriation bills are far
enough along in the House Commit
tee,” he added, “to permit adjourn
ment earlier than in previous years.”
Despite Senator Byrnes' forecast,
many leaders foresaw a long and bit
ter session because of the number of
controversial issues pending.
First, Congress must agree on the
farm and housing bills which it sent
to conference committees in the re
cent special session.
The Senate will begin consideration
Thursday of the anti-lynching bill,
which heretofore has been defeated
by Southern filibusters. Opinion was
divided on whether it would encounter
similar opposition tactics this tune.
Reorganization Measure.
Back of the anti-lynching bill is the
administration's Government reorgan
ization measure, which some Demo
crats are fighting. Even opponents
forecast, however, that it eventually
would pass. Another holdover item
on the Roosevelt program is establish
ment of seven regional planning
boards.
While the Senate deals with these
measures, the House will begin work
on the annual appropriation bills.
Before the end of January, leaders
expect to pass and send to the Senate
a tax revision bill, which is expected
to modify the undistributed profits
and capital gains levies.
Aside from taxes and relief spend
• ing, the major issue of the session
may be anti-monopoly legislation.
Attorney General Cummings proposed
l today an investigation preliminary to
legislation, but ran into immediate
congressional opposition.
THE WEATHER REPORT
District of Columbia—Pair with lowest temperature about 28 degrees
tonight; tomorrow mostly cloudy and warmer; light variable winds becoming
southerly.
Maryland—Slightly warmer in extreme west portion tonight: tomorrow
mostly cloudy and warmer; probably light rain or snow In extreme west
portion.
• Virginia—Fair and slightly warmer in west portion tonight; tomorrow
increasing cloudiness and warmer.
West Virginia—Fair and warmer tonight; tomorrow cloudy and warmer;
probably light rain tomorrow afternoon or night.
The Atlantic Coast disturbance has*
moved northeastward to the Gulf of St.
Lawrence. Anticosti Island. Quebec. 29.82
inches, and a broad trough extends thence
southwestward to Florida and the Eastern
Gulf of Mexico. Tampa. Fla . 30.02 Inches.
The nodthwestern disturbance is moving
east-northeastward over Hudson Bay with
a trough extending thence south-south
westward to the Texas Panhandle. Chester
field District of Keewatin. 20.22 inches,
and Elk City. Okla.. 29.98 Inches. The dis
turbance that was over California Sun
day morning has moved east-southwest
ward to Arizona. Flagstaff. 29.80 inches.
These disturbances have been attended
by precipitation in the Lake region and
portions ol the North Atlantic. South At
lantic. and East Gulf States, the southern
plateau and Southern Rocky Mountain re
gions. and Northern California. Pressure
remains low over Alaska, Yukon and the
lower Mackenzie Valiev. Kodiak. Alaska,
29.18 Inches. High pressure prevails over
all other sections: Kamloops. British Co
lumbia. 30.firt inches; Elkins. W. Va., 30.34
inches and St. Georges. Bermuda 30.20
inches. The temperature has fallen In
the Ohio Valley, the Middle Atlantic. South
Atlantic, and East Gulf States, and the
Northern Rocky Mountain and northern
Dlateau regions, while It has risen from
Minnesota and Wisconsin southwestward
to New Mexico.
Report for Last 48 Hours.
Saturday— Degrees Inches.
Temperature. Barometer.
4 D.m. _ 49 29.8ft
8 p.m. - 4ft 30.01
Midnight _ 44 30.02
Sunday—
4 a.m. _ 43 30.05
8 a.m._ 3fi 30.07
Noon _ 4ft 30.05
2 p.m. _ 49 30.02
4 p.m. _ 49 30.03
8 p.m. _ 44 30.10
12 midnight _ 37 30.17
Today—
4 a.m. _ 33 30.24
8 a m. _ 31 30.31
Noon _ 3ft 30.30
Record for Last 24 Houra.
(From noon yesterday to naan today.!
Highest. 51. 3 p.m. yesterday. Year
ago. 52.
Lowest, 30. fl:30 a.m. today. Year
ago. 39.
Record Temperatures Thla Year.
Highest, 51. on January 2.
Lowest. 30. on January 3.
Humidity for Last 24 Hours.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.!
Highest. 75 per cent, at noon yester
* Lowest. 49 per cent, at 3:50 p.m. yes
terday.
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear
at Harpers Ferry; Potomac clear at Great
Falls todav
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High 8:5ft a.m. 9:34 a.m.
Low 3:39 a m. 4:14 a m.
High 9:15 p.m. 9:51p.m.
Low 3:44 p.m. 4:19 p.m.
The Sun and Moon.
Rises. Sets.
Sun. today- 7:27 4:68
Bun. tomorrow_ 7:27 4:59
Moon, today-8:22 a.m. 7:03 p.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
OBO-haif hour after russet.
1-— I
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation In Inches In tha
Capital (current month todate):
Month. ■ 1 93R. Ave. Record.
January -0.34 3.5ft 7.83 37
February _ _ 3.27 6 84 '84
March__ 3.75 8 84 '91
April-- 3.27 P.13 '89
May -- 3.70 10.89 '89
June-- 4.13 10 94 '00
July -- 4 71 10.63 ’86
August _ _ 401 1441 'or
September __ 3.24 17 45 '34
October __ 2 84 8 81 '37
November__ 2 37 8 89 '89
December ___ 3.32 7.56 ’01
Weather in Various Cities.
Temp. Raln
Stations. Baro.H'h.Low.rail. Weather.
Abilene, Tex. _ 30.04 5R 46 Cloudy
Albany. N Y.. 30.24 34 26 0.01 Cloudy
Atlanta. Ga.__ 30.1ft 54 32 _ Clear
Atlantic City.. 30.26 44 30 _Clear
Baltimore. Md._ 30.30 52 30 _Clear
Birmingham 30.12 54 32 . _ Clear
Bismarck. N. D. 30.28 32 18 Clear
Boston. Mass... 30.12 38 28 0.04 Clear
Buffalo. N. Y. 30.26 28 22 0.01 Cloudy
Charleston. S.C. 30.16 54 48 _Cloudy
Chicago. 111. 30.22 24 18 _Cloudy
Cincinnati. Ohio 30.28 38 2« Clear
Cleveland. Ohio 30.28 28 2#_Clear
Columbia S. C. 30.22 64 34 _Clear
Denver. Colo... 30.28 62 32 0.01 Cloudy
Detroit. Mich.. 30.28 28 22 _ _ Cloudy
El Paso. Tex.29.P6 82 48 _Rain
Galveston. Tex.. 30.16 68 62 _Clear
Helena. Mont.. 30.42 40 22 _Clear
Huron. S. Dak.. 30.26 30 23 _Clear
Indianapolis __30.es 28 22 . Clear
Jacksonville .130.12 64 62 1.84 Rain
Kansas City... 30.10 46 34 _Cloudy
U>s Anteles . 30.on 64 64 _Cloudy
Louisville, Ky._ 30.30 36 26 _ Cloudy
Miami. Fla. . 30.06 80 66 0.01 Clear
Mpls.-St. Paul. 29.98 26 10 ... Cloudy
New Orleans . 30.16 66 44 _Cloudy '
New York. N T. 30.24 44 30 ... Cloudy
Oklahoma City. 30.06 68 44 _Ratn
Omaha. Nebr... 30.08 36 30 _Cloudy
Philadelphia . 30.28 42 30 ... Clear
Phoenix. Arls.. 29 86 68 62 _Cloudy
Pittsburgh. Pa.. 30.28 34 26 . Cloudy
Portland, Me. 30.08 34 22 0.04 Cloudy
Portland, Oreg. 30.28 40 38 _Clear
Raleigh. N. C. 30.24 64 34 ... Clear
Salt Lake City 30.08 40 28_Cloudy
San Antonio 30 14 611 44_Clear
San Diego. Cal. 20.OR 86 64 Clear
San Francisco 30.118 68 48 0.24 Cloudy
St. Louis Mo . 30.20 32 28 _ . cloudy
Seattle. Wash. 30.30 60 36 _ Cloudy
Spokane. Wash. 30.60 32 24 Clear
Tampa. Fla. _. 30.02 76 82 0.10 Rain
WASH.. D. C. 30.28 61 30 ... Clear
FOREIGN STATIONS.
(7 a.m.. Greenwich time, today.)
Temperature. Weather.
London England_ 35 Cloudy
Parts. France _ 30 Cloudy
Vienna, Austria_ 18 Cloudy
Berlin, Germany_ 23 Clouoy
Brest. France _ 41 Cloudy
Zurich. Switzerland_ 21 Cloudy
Stockholm, Sweden_ 21 Cloudy
Gibraltar. Spain 47 Rain
1 Noon. Greenwich time, today 1
Horta (Fayali. Azores 60 Cloudy
(Current observations.)
St. Georges. Bermuda 68 Cloudy
San Juan. Puerto Rlc# 74 Cloudy
Havana. Cuba_ 08 Clear
Colon, Canal Zona_ 80 Cloudy

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