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THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor WASHINGTON, D. C. MONDAY.January 3, 1938 Tha Evening Star Newspaper Company Main Office: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ava. Naw York Office: 110 East 42nd 6t. Chicago Office: 435 North Michigan Ava. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban Regular Edition Evening and Sunday.65c per mo. or 15c per week The Evening Star_45c per mo. or 10c per week The Sunday Star _5c per copy Night Final Edition Kleht Final and Sunday Star.._70c per month Night Final star - .. 55c per mouth Collection made at the end of each month or each week. Orders may be sent by mail or lele phona National 5000. Kate by Mail—Payable in Advance Maryland and Virginia Dally and 8unday—1 yr., $10.00; 1 mo., 85c Dally only-1 yr„ Srt.00; 1 mo.. 5uc Sunday only_1 yr., 54.00; 1 mo., 40c All Other States and Canada Dally and Sunday-l yr.. $12.00; l mo., Sl.oo Dally only-1 yr., $8.00; 1 mo., 75c Sunday only-1 yr., $5.00; 1 mo., 6oc Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use lor republication oi all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited m this paper and also the local news published heroin. All rights oi publication ol special aispaiches herein also are reserved. Only One Remedy. The District Commissioners have strad dled the local tax question again, as they did last year, merely forwarding to Congress without recommendations of their own the separate programs favored by the citizens’ committee and by their committee of District officials. Representative Nichols of Oklahoma, chairman of the subcommittee which will prepare a District tax bill, indicates that regardless of what the Commis sioners may recommend—if they recom mend anything—his subcommittee will write the sort of tax legislation that he believes Congress will approve. In other words, the wishes of the Dis trict taxpayers amount to nothing. The wishes of the District taxpayers, as voiced by the committee the Commis sioners designated to represent the tax payers, marie little if any impression on the committee of District officials which drew up a separate tax program. The wishes of the District taxpayers made little if any impression on the Commis sioners. who continue to avoid the op portunity for leadership and regard themselves merely as liaison agents be tween the community and the Congress. And Mr. Nichols himself seems to attach no importance to what the community may have to say about local taxes. The important views are those of the four ‘ hundred and thirty-five Representatives and ninety-six Senators, representing i every community in the United States j except the District of Columbia. Those of our citizens who have been | lukewarm on the subject of representa tion for the District in Congress should find fresh food for thought in a condition under which they face annual, blistering increases in taxation and are deprived j not merely of all voice in deciding how j their tax revenues are to be spent, but are ! denied in addition the privilege—no mat- j ter how painful it may be—of deciding how they are to be taxed. Beginning this week two separate com- | mittees of the House will function for the i District taxpayer, one of them preparing a bill to spend his tax revenues as the committee and other Federal office holders decree; the other devising new ways to soak him with heavier taxes. The taxpayer can squirm and submit to another dose of increased taxes on top of the large dose of “emergency” taxes ad ministered last year, or he may under take to do something about it. And the only thing he may reasonably expect to do about it, under conditions which be come more intolerable each year, is to Identify himself energetically with the groups now working for the right of national representation for the District end crown that work with success. Taxation without representation is as tyrannical today as it ever was. It will continue to exist in the District—as it has continued to exist elsewhere—as long as the taxpayers swallow it. The fact that it is becoming increasingly hard to swallow should by now be generally ap parent. New York is a great old town. So is Jersey City. If there is any little thing the big town ^ liable to forget, Mayor Hague will undertake to make it clear even if he has to give up the ease of present surroundings in order to move Into the U. S. Senate. Sports still count for a great deal in American life. The defeat of Alabama in football means more to numerous citizens than the political tests some of her prominent people are compelled to meet. Sound Proposals. Like the voice of one crying in the wilderness, statements on the Govern ment’s fiscal policies by Senator Byrd of Virginia are heard periodically above the New Deal’s babel of tongues. During the past week he has twice pointed to dangers in the administra tion’s policies and plans. As the old year neared its close Senator Byrd urged retention of the office of controller gen eral in its present status. Elimination of an independent audit of Federal ex penditures, as proposed in the Federal reorganization plan, would make spend ing easier at a time when economy should be the watchword, he contends. It would further mean a surrender of more congressional power to the Execu tive Department, in his opinion. Senator Byrd marked the advent of the New Year by calling for “a major operation” to end "the extravagances and luxuries of government,” at the same time announcing he would support President Roosevelt’s proposed reduction In the Federal appropriation for roads 1 and any other program for the reduction of executive expenditures. The Virginia Senator articulates the views of thousands when he says the myth of spending ourselves into pros perity has been exploded. Noting jthat the Nation now is in the eighth con secutive deficit year, he calls the situa tion facing the country “perilous” and points to the possibilities of huge savings through elimination of waste and ex travagance due to overlapping and dupli cated activities of hundreds of Federal bureaus. Senator Byrd is no mere theorist. He was largely instrumental in keeping Vir ginia on a pay-as-you-go basis—much to that State’s advantage. When he ap peals for the ax for Federal expendi tures and the continued application of fiscal brakes through the controller gen eral, one wonders why the rightness of his proposals does not prevail without debate. The fact that they are subject to controversy indicates the power of the bloc in Congress willing to try new and questionable theories. Amid the hue and cry over monopo listic evils and the alleged sins of America’s “sixty families,” Senator Byrd’s utterances come as sane warnings of real dangers. The steps outlined would be quickly taken by any well-managed business firm or private family faced with a comparable financial crisis. They may not be pleasant, but in previous emergencies they have been proved to be sound. The Rumanian Danger. Few weekly citations of “Fifty Years Ago in The Star” ever afforded a more graphic example of history' repeating itself than yesterday's reproduction of a review of the European situation pub lished on January 2, 1888. Half a cen tury ago, it was the aspirations of Austria-Hungary and Germany to com pel a “rectification” of Russia's western frontier that filled the Old World "with gloomy uncertainty worse than war itself.” Today, due to a sudden whirFof the Rumanian kaleidoscope, Europe rocks with alarms and forebodings no less ominous than those generated by Hun garian Premier Tisza's plot to strip Russia of about a quarter of her finest European territory. Now, as then, Con tinental peoples and governments shud der over the prospect of a clash of ten million armed men representing the forces of the old triple alliance—Ger many, Italy and Austria-Hungary—and their satellites, on one side, and those of France and Russia on the other. International alignments differ some what from those of 1888, but underlying conditions are fundamentally the same. Establishment of a Germanophile, anti French and generally pro-Fascist regime at Bucharest, has impelled Paris to take drastic measures to quench a I^iropean conflagration in the making. France has proclaimed a virtual embargo on arma ment shipments to her allies, Rumania and Yugoslavia, because of their growing friendship with Germany and Italy. The third member of the Little Entente, Czechoslovakia, seat of the great Skoda munitions works at Pilsen, has been urged by the French also to shut off that source of military supplies, on which both the Rumanians and the Yugoslavians have long drawn. Since France in 1922 began forging her chain of Central Euro pean friendships as a bulwark against a revenge-seeking and territory-hungry Germany, Paris has loaned the Bucharest and Belgrade treasuries nearly $1,000, 000,000. Much of it was in credits for purchase of French munitions. Money talks, and it is not improbable that French francs will speak to King Carol's new anti-Semitic premier, Oc tavian Goga, in tones that will induce him to watch his step before swinging Rumania into the Nazi orbit. Paris neatly times its admonitory action to coincide with German Air Minister Goering’s impending arrival at Bucharest. An arms embargo is likely to give similar pause to Yugoslavian Premier Stoyadinovltch's flirtations with Italy. Thus, King Carol's lust for dictatorship on -Hitler-Mussolini lines, plus his ex ploitation of the intrigues and fanatical Jew-hatred of Rumania’s political gun men, sets alight new fires of anxiety and suspicion in Europe. Besides its peril to peace and that fragile structure called collective security, reaction at Bucharest aims another blow at the harassed dem ocratic powers. It looks suspiciously as if recent events having demonstrated that they are unwilling or unable to check aggression by Far Eastern expo nents of Fascist ideology, the Berlln Rome axis, with its Central European branches, thinks it safe to risk similar ad ventures in Europe. It would be a bold prophet who would say the gamble is destined to fail. Politicians sometimes seem puzzled, but Mr. Bernard Baruch manages to retain the patient smile of the man who has a pretty clear idea of what is going, to happen. When Kipling wrote “Lest We Forget” he made no reference to the intention of the Japanese to keep us thoroughly reminded. Edward J. Neil. The death of “Eddie” Neil from thirty four wounds suffered in the explosion of a loyalist shell at Teruel, Spain, which took the lives of two other newspaper men, removes from the American journal istic stage a fine reporter and a colorful figure. His name joins a long roll of newspaper men who have died in action while bring ing to the American public enlightenment and knowledge of the world. Without such men, who ignore their own safety so that millions of readers might have the news of the day, the working of the great American democracy would be impeded. They serve peace by describ ing the horrors of war, which must be seen and felt to be appreciated. Unlike most of his craft who remain anonymous to the public, "Eddie” Nell’s i name was known throughout the coun try for his brilliant dispatches from the war front in Ethiopia and Spain. His by-lined “Typewriter Snapshots of the War,” written during the Italian invasion of Ethiopia, and “Notebook Pieces” from Spain appeared in The Star. His work won him honorable mention for the Pulitzer Prize in 1932, but his enduring monument rests in the flies of hundreds of Associated Press member newspapers throughout the country'. The Numbers Racket. A series of articles on the "numbers game” which began yesterday in The Sunday Star is designed to throw light on the operations and ramifications of what has become one of the Nation's largest and most widespread rackets. The citi zen who plays a nickel a day or a dollar a day on the numbers game may feel that he is indulging an innocent fondness for gambling without injury to himself or anybody else*. The Star articles are not related to that phase of the mat ter. What interests The Star and should interest public officials is the growth of an unlawful and fantastically profitable racket in Washington, with attendant influences for corruption and crime. If the numbers racket, with Its hood lums and "big shots,” can survive and grow fat in Washington—which seems to be the case—it will not be long before other and more vicious rackets are taking their tribute. And if our public officials are powerless to smash the numbers racket, they will be equally impotent in dealing with its accompaniments. Why is Washington considered a "soft spot” among the cities where the numbers game thrives? Can the numbers game in Washington operate without the "protec tion” that has been shown elsewhere to exist? Are the hands of public officials in Washington tied by the lack of ade quate laws dealing with the numbers game, or is the lack of adequate laws merely put forward as a comfortable alibi? These and other questions in connec tion with the numbers game should in terest citizens and the members of Con gress who possess the exclusive power of local government. The calculation indicating that sixty American families have been getting all the money does not seem so formid able when the stock ticker brings a truthful reminder of the many more families that have been in vigilant pur suit of a share, for the purpose of using it in defense of the national integrity. Chang Kai-shek resigns as premier in order to concentrate his attention on fighting. His successor is Dr. Kung, who has two American college degrees which suggest abilities in contest as well as the accomplishments of the student. Sun spots are mentioned in accounting for high prices. There are things that nobody asked for and nobody thoroughly understands and cannot be taken into account in the management of earthly affairs. The President reads words of “Tiny Tim,” but he also has some things of his own to say in indicating the pros pects for the year of 1938. Shooting Stars. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. The Little Pine Tree. Along the starlit road we rolled, When holida- s were through. A small pine traced an outline bold, Still flourishing anew. It has a fine and sturdy grace - While braving sleet and snow And hoping to attain a place ’Mongst merry lights aglow. Out in the cold, neglected quite, With but a rugged bloom, It stands where far stars shine so bright To cheer it in the gloom. Perhaps for sparkling gems it yearns And song and laughter gay, As an expectant fancy turns Unto a holiday. And, like the humblest of us all, A chance it seems to see That fortune may send him a call To be a Christmas tree. Keeping Before the Public. "Why do you insist on getting into this argument?” "I’ve got to contribute my share of talk,” said Senator Sorghum, “in order to avoid being overlooked. Statesmanship now requires publicity, same as any other line of activity.” Jud Tunkins says it’s wrong to gamble, but there’s no use at all in trying to per suade a recent winner to repent. No Further Backsliding. Perhaps he was erratic In his New Year contributions. He resolved in terms emphatic To make no more resolutions. As Nature Takes Its Course. "Children are very destructive.” "Which is rather fortunate,” said the nervous lady. “Soon all the drums and other noise-making devices will be broken and cleared away.” . “I have concentrated sd much on try ing to say wise things,” said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, “that I often became absent-minded and did foolish things.” Drop in Prices. We now observe with glad surprise Occasion to economize. The dinner charges, we perceive, Are less than those on New Year eve. “Talk ain’t de bes’ way to git attention foh good advice,” said Uncle Eben. “When de traffic officer blows a whistle •varybody stops an’ listens.” i A Conquest of China Will Mot Satisfy Japanese To the Editor of The Stir: Are the American people completely blind to the certain results of Japanese success in China? Is it not evident that, -should the 'military clique now in the saddle win this war, it intends to slam the door of trade with one-fourth of the world’s population in the face of Amer ica and all others? And this at a time when the Chinese people are rapidly working toward a higher standard of living. , Is it not also plainly evident that the same military clique knows exactly what it will eventually do with its enormous surplus of population in the near future? Having taken over the mines, steel, iron and coal of China, having developed Chinese cotton until it no longer is de pendent on America, having then the re sources and wealth to match America ship for ship, where else could the teeming millions be sent except to North or South America? China is already over-populated. Manchuria is inhospi table. America, North and South, is the land of their dreams. Here they even tually expect to build a great colonial empire. Here are millions upon millions of acres of unused land which could support a hundred million Japs in better circumstances than is possible in the home land. True, there is the Monroe Doctrine, but what is that to the milita rists? Some of us remember all too dis tinctly that the military clique of the Kaiser declared openly the Monroe Doc trine had to go, and go it would have, if the Potsdam gang had wron. What regard would the ruthless militarists of Japan have for the Monroe Doctrine once they felt able to disregard it? No body wants to go to war with Japan. Those of us who have had opportunity to know these people as individuals, know also that as a people no more charming, cultured and neighborly people exist on the top side of the earth. But we know also that politically and spiritually they are children. They have not achieved self government, and a few mercenary, cynical leaders have run amuck worse than the Potsdam gang ever dreamed of doing. We have learned the folly of war, but they haven't. Fortunately, weapons to teach them are in our hands. Let every American quit at once the purchase and use of anything made in Japan. Let us adjust our agricultural situation to a long range program independent of these military enemies. Let the Japanese mil lions feel the pinch of American dis approval of their horrible military ma chine—the abomination of desolation of the twentieth century. When and only when the kindly but misguided Japanese people learn that their military despots are ruining their country instead of forwarding its interests will they take things into their own hands and remove this modern Frankenstein from the pic ture. Weakness on our part now means ps surely as day follows night that some day we will pay through the nose for our supine smugness and lack of suf ficient moral fiber to see the danger and act accordingly. Joseph McDowell. Bail on Trade With Japan May Stop War To the Editor of The Stir: Though an incident has passed and official tension lessened, nothing has been done to stop the war in China. It still rages. And many thousands of in nocent persons are being killed and wounded. Thousands are being driven from their humble homes. Why? To satisfy the lust for power of the im perialist war machine. High-speed airplanes, and the radio make China our neighbor. Most Amer icans realize this and are highly sympa thetic with China. But, sympathetic as we are for China, we have no desire to fight her battle by going to war our selves. We learned in the last World War that going to war to save democracy may result in something entirely differ ent than the achievement of noble ideals, j China has been invaded by a foe that takes no prisoners, and just at a time when national unity was being achieved under Gen. Chiang Kai-shek. Americans do not seem to realize that as long as Americans buy Japanese goods and sell the Japanese war machine the materials for the conduct of the unde clared war. China is really having to fight Americans! It was stated recently in Washington that a consumers’ boycott of Japanese goods is really war. Nonsense! Con sumers don't declare war by refusing to buy Japanese goods. Rather, such a boycott may be a means of averting war. It might also have the effect of bringing the Japanese people to their senses and release them from the power of the Jap anese military machine,, It has been said that a boycott of Jap anese goods might cost us the loss of our cotton export market to Japan. It must be presumed that if Japan controls China she will grow cotton»there in competition'with American plantations. Persons who favor peaceful means in stead of war may learn through such a procedure how to avoid war and keep democracy while doing it. J. CLARK WALDRON. “Peace at Any Price,” Even If It Must Be Fought For To the Editor of The Star: In view of the many discussions of pacifism and militarism and the silly Ludlow resolution introduced in Con gress. I would like to say a few words in the cause of peace. To begin, I want to state that I am a pacifist and I believe in "peace at any price,” even if we have to fight for it, and the surest way to have peace is to be prepared and ready to fight for it. If the United States had joined with the other nations of the world in the League of Nations after the World War, and given notice to the world that it was prepared and ready to fight for peace, in all probability, the affairs of the world would not be in such a state of unrest and on the brink of a general world war as they are today, and the Panay would not have been sunk.* E. M. BLACKWELL, U. S. N. Humane Diplomacy. Prom the New York Sun. Reception of a new Minister from Nicaragua reveals that formal speeches are now swapped without being read. Somebody must have pointed out the clause in the Constitution about cruel and unusual punishment. The Dentist's Reassurance. Prom the Cleveland News. In fancy we hear the dentist saying to a certain President of the United States: “This Isn’t going to hurt. We have nothing to fear but fear.” Russia's Election. Prom the Williamsport Sun. No one in Russia had to stay up all night to learn the outcome of the election: An Unhealthy Region. Prom the South Bend Tribune. It seems that Japan isn’t the healthiest pl*f In tbs jrarld lor a pacifist. I THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. Templeton Jones has a pardonable pride in learning how to carry a tray. Jones is not a waiter, of course, but he always had wondered how they managed to balance a tray full of food. He, himself, had a little experience at carrying a cup of coffee in restaurants, mostly with disastrous results to his nicely shined shoes. Dripping hot coffee down his pant’s leg was one of his favorite diversions. An advocate of plenty of cream in his cup, he had filled each to the brim, hence the overflow. * * * * A believer in the old motto, "If you don’t succeed at first, try, try again,” Jones kept watching the cup on the tray as he walked. The harder he tried to balance the affair, the more he failed at it. Then, one day, his attention diverted, he discovered that he had not spilled a drop. He had learned at last how the waiters do it. By not looking, of course. It is as easy as that, evidently. Maybe a great many things in life are easy enough, if one would stop watching, looking, even trying. This was the idea behind John Bur roughs good poem, “The friends I seek are seeking me.” It is the point of many philosophies. It is the nub of the individual universe, in a great many cases. Just teeter along with the tray, watch your step, but not the cup, and you'll come out all right. * * * * It's rhythm, of course, which does the work. There are many rhythms; the one used in balancing a tray is that of the feet, as surely as in tap dancing, although in a much different way. The rhythm of walking is an interest ing one. If you have ever watched a column of soldiers on the march, you will recall the up-and-down movement which results. It is the same when one is walking, but it is not so apparent. When the waiter balances his big tray of food, he steps forward confidently, because he is not consciously worried about the plates and cups. They are there and they just go along with him. * * * *. Let him stop to take a look, however, and he may spill the whole thing. He consciously tries to balance and counter-balance*, he realizes the motion of walking, he attempts to hold the tray steady, etc. The only result is confusion. Instead of the tray following easily the motions of his walking, it is pulled first one way, then another, and may be go ing up when the motion of the walk is going down. Templeton Jones, investigator, realized as he never had before just why he could never carry- a full cup of coffee without spilling it before. Now watch him. if you happen to be in a restaurant, and see the cup of cof fee get to its proper table with scarcely a drop spilled. * * * * There can be little doubt that in many situations too much thought is not good. Let us put it that way, rather than to say it is bad. Consider walking a white line on the floor. Any one can do it, because no thought at all is given to the matter. One just walks forward, and there he Is, all the time directly on the line, not missing it for a single step. Raise that line, making it wire, as little as a foot, and not one person in a hundred could walk more than th-ee steps without falling off. Raise it to 10 feet and not one person in a thousand could walk more than one step. Raise it to 100 feet and most people would fall at the first step. Tney would be so frightened, and think so terribly hard of the difficulty, that their very thinking would make them miss their footing. The same thing might be worked out with a plank a foot in width. On the floor, nobody would be unable to walk it. Raise it a foot in the air, and every body still w'ould be able to walk briskly and sure. The higher it got, the more people would think about the difficulty, until at a certain height not more than one in ten would attempt it. “There is nothing either good or bad,” said Shakespeare, "but thinking makes it so.” Boethius, Roman statesman, rather got the jump on the bard, however, by stating: "So nothing is wretched unless when you think it.” Probably that is exactly where the writer we call “Shakespeare” got his in spiration, in the given case. Whoever he was, he was a devoted student of an tiquity, and knew all the books. * * * * How to carry a tray was not exactly in Shakespeare's line, but it well might have been, for it is a curious investigation, and he loved them. It is passible to so worry one's self with life that it becomes not worth the living for very perplexity. It is here that such a motto comes in very neatly. It is in all such cases, whether physical or mental, or partly both, that the difference between good thinking and bad thinking counts a great deal. Sometimes by taking too much thought, whether in carrying a tray, or trying to help a friend, we overdo, and cause the very catastrophe we fear. Often it is better to go one's way, and let the matter right itself, as it so often does. This is the elemental wisdom of the race, which, widely applied, turns what might seem the merely callous into tri umphant overcoming. Trust all in God's care— Let go— Let slide— However one chooses to put it. there is much healing and soothing in the very idea. The balance somehow is kept truer, if we do not strive too mightily for a desired result, if we carry our head high and let the tray take care of itself. WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. When President Roosevelt delivered his message to Congress this noon, the United States went to war—radio war. By ar ranging to have the foreign affairs passages of his address broadcast in six languages—English, French. German, Italian. Spanish and Portuguese—F. D. R. formally entered the intensive world wide competition to influence interna tional opinion through the ether. The latest battle of the wave-lengths was also due to set in today, when the British fired the opening gun in retaliation for the propaganda campaign Italy has been waging against them in the Near East. Mussolini launched that particular com bat more than a year ago. when Italian stations began bombarding Palestine and Arabia with Fascist broadcasts designed to foment anti-British unrest. France has also accused 11 Duce of polluting the air to stir up troubles in her North African colonies. Britain will now reply to the Italian challenge by daily broadcasts to the Near Eastern area in native Moslem languages. Mr. Roose velt's purpose in short-waving his mes sage to Congress overseas is to make sure that the latest expressions of America's aversion to non-demoeratic ideals breaks through the barriers of censorship to dictatak-ridden nations which would otherwise never hear of it. The President's chief hope is that his address will reach a multitude of Latin American ears, long the victims of Italo German radio propaganda. Oppression of Rumanian Jews on the merciless scale just ordained by King Carol's anti-Semitic new government has twice before evoked official American protest. In 1870, Hamilton Fish, Presi dent Grant's Secretary of State, ad dressed a vigorous remonstrance to the Bucharest government. In 1902, Secre tary John Hay, during the first Theodore Roosevelt administration, in a note to Rumania, pointed out the tendency of its anti-Semitic legislation to produce an abnormal stream of emigration to the United Statfs. Hay said: “The teachings of history and the experience of our own Nation show that the Jews possess in a high degree tfce mental and moral quali fications of conscientious citizenhood. * * * The United States offers asylum to the oppressed of all lands, but its sym pathy with them in no wise impairs its just liberty and right to weigh the acts of the oppressor in the light of their effects upon this country and to judge accordingly. * * * Whether consciously and of purpose or not, these helpless people, burdened and spumed by their native land, are forced by the sovereign power of Rumania upon the charity of the United States. This Government cannot be a tacit party to such an inter national wrong. It is constrained to protest against the treatment to which the Jews of Rumania are subjected, not alone because it has unimpeachable ground to remonstrate against the re sultant injury to itself, but in the name of humanity.” * * * * If anybody cares to know what Carter Glass, the Nation’s eightieth-birthday child, thinks about the state of the Union, attention is called to the Vir ginian’s rejoinder to this observer’s recent greeting. To the salutation: “Senator, I hope you’re well and happy,” the noblest Roman of them all replied, with that in imitable drawl which habitually emerges from the southwestern corner of his mouth: “I’m well!” j » * * * From the White House there’s expected to reach the Senate today or tomorrow a batch of new and important diplo matic appointments. Surprise announce ment will probably be the promotion of Norman Armour, Minister to Canada, to be Ambassador to Chile, filling the VMNUg created by the retirement of H Hoffman Philip. Armour is one of the brilliant younger career men of the for eign service, with a 22-year record to his credit. Born of American parents in England, he’s an A. B. of Princeton, an LL. B. of Harvard, and married to a Russian princess. Other diplomatic plums to be announced will include the am bassadorships to Great Britain 'Joe Kennedy) and to Germany (Hugh Wil son', and the ministerships to Canada. Colombia and Austria, all vacated by death, retirements or transfers. That great diplomat-traveler, Joe Davies, now and then of Moscow, may be on the list. ♦ * * * Among various higher administrative changes brought by the New Year is the chairmanship of the Interstate Commerce Commission, which falls by rotation to Walter Marshall William Splawn of Texas, appointed in 1934. An economist and lawyer, his job in private life is that of professor of economics and director of social science research in the University of Texas, from which he is on leave of absence. Prof. Splawn is an authority on railroad problems and has written books dealing with consolidations and with Government ownership and operation. Under his chairmanship, the I. C. C. will presently come to grips with the vital issue of increased rates so insistently raised by the carriers. Because of the Far Eastern crisis and the Panay fracas, more than ordinary international significance attaches to the visit which a United States naval squadron is about to pay to Australia. Under command of Rear Admiral Julius C. Townsend, commanding the cruiser division of the Battle Force, the 7.500-ton cruisers Trenton, Milwaukee and Mem phis and the new 10.000-tonner Louis ville, flagship, will leave the West Coast this week. The squadron will cross the Pacific via Honolulu and Panga-Panga, Samoa, and reach Sydney about January 26. to take part in the naval pageant celebrating the 150th anniversary of the Australian commonwealth. Thirty years ago this winter Uncle Sam's battleships, on their famous trip around the world, tarried for several weeks in Australia’s hospitable waters. Our cousins "down under,” who have'a healthy fear of Jap anese expansion in the South Pacific, are preparing an equally hearty welcome for Uncle Sam's ships and sailors this month. * * * * Gov. James V. Allred of Texas was a holiday week luncheon guest at the White House. As the first Lone Star executive ever to aspire to a third term, Washington political speculation cen tered around the theory that Allred wanted to swap views with another pos sible third-termer named. Franklin D. Roosevelt. Asked about that aspect of the Governor's visit, the President wise cracked that Texas, having once been a republic by itself, probably has its own independent views on third terms, as well as other subjects. Allred is expected to be a candidate for the United States Senate in 1940 against Tom Connally, who, viewing that prospect with appro priate alarm, is said to look with favor upon the idea of appointing Gov. Allred to one of the new Texas Federal judgeships. * * * * Representative Hamilton Fish of the Roosevelt Hyde Park congressional dis trict will take the air next week with a blast on New Deal responsibility for the business recession. His talk will be called: "We Planned It That Way.” (Oopyrifht, 1938.) Cell Rent. Prom the Columbus (Ohio) Dispatch. Los Angeles County supervisors now want Jail prisoners to pay rent for their ™»ii»- it they refuse will they be evicted? ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Evening Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. How much money did Gene Tunney make in the prize ring?—J. Z. A. Mr. Tunney participated in more than 70 battles during his career, but un til he met Dempsey in Philadelphia, in 1920, his income was not large. He earned only three purses of consequence during his career, but those were very worth while. He was paid $200,000 for the Philadelphia fight with Dempsey, $990,445 (world's record) for their return match in Chicago and ended his ring ca reer by receiving $525,000 for the Tom Heeney fight in 1928. The grand total was $1,715,445 for the last three engage ments. Q. How wide is Long Island, N. Y„ at its widest point?—P. B. A. Long Island is 23 miles wide at its widest point in the western third of the island, approximately at the Nassau-Suf folk County line. Q. What were the 40 and 8 box cars?— S. R. A. They were box cars used in France to transport troops. Their capacity was 40 men and 8 horses. Q. How many amendments to the Con stitution have the States refused to rati fy?—M. M. A. There are only five constitutional amendments which have been submitted to the States for ratification and which have not become a part of the Constitu tion. These are: Two of the originally proposed amendments, on relating to the apportionment of Representatives and the second relating to the compensation of members of Congress; Congress pro posed in 1810 an amendment relating to titles of nobility and in 1861 the so-called Corwin amendment to prohibit inter ference wdth slavery. The fifth is the child labor amendment, proposed in 1924. The last named is still under considera tion. Q. Have any of the new superliners sailed to South American ports?—N. J. A. The first cruise of one of the big passenger ships will be that of the Nor mandie, going from New York to Rio de Janeiro in February. Q. Can other plant leaves be marketed as tea?—C. C. W. A. Teas may be made from the leaves of many plants. The Government limits the single word tea to the plant thea. Any plant other than thea offered for sale under the name of tea would be sub ject to seizure and the manufacturer would be subject to prosecution for false labeling. Q What is the story of Black Beautv? —J. B. A. It is an imaginary autobiography of the horse, Black Beauty, by Anna Se wall 11877). Black Beauty Is accustomed to gentle treatment, but when a drunken groom breaks his knees, he is sold and enters upon a life of misery with many vicissitudes. Eventually he comes into the hands of a considerate master and friend, an old coachman for a family of ladies. Q. Is water found in the stomach of a person who has been drowned?—S. J. M. A. Water is frequently found in the stomach of a person who has been drowned. This water has no part in the drowning, but is merely swallowed. Drowning occurs through water taken into the lungs. Q. Why is biscuit tortoni so called?— W. N. A. Biscuit, in this sense, is pronounced biskwe and means a rich ice cream. When covered with ground almonds or macaroons, it is biscuit Tortoni from the name of a Paris restaurant of the last century, where it was served. Q Has Maury Paul CCholly Knicker bocker) ever written under any other name?—W. H. A. He has written society columns using the pen names Dollv Madison, Polly Stuyvesant and Billy Benedick. Q. Does the baobab tree bear fruit?— C. R. A. Baobabs bear woody, gourdlike fruits. Each fruit contains 8 or 10 cells filled with pulp which has an agreeable flavor and is eaten by the natives. It is also a favorite monkey food and the Negroes call the baobab the monkey bread tree. A beverage is also prepared from the pulp. Q. When did the American flag have 44 stars?—P. M. A. The United States flag with 44 stars was in use between July 4, 1891, and July 4, 1896. Q. What are halogens?—W. P. A. The name means salt-forming and is given to the group of similar chemical elements consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine. Q. What is the name of the peninsula in Greece inhabited by monks where no woman has ever visited?—J. H. A. Mount Athos. a peninsula of Greece, is inhabited entirely by monks and lay brothers. The only woman who has ever visited there is Queen Elizabeth of Ru mania. Special police guard the point where the peninsula joins the mainland. Q. Who plays the shadow in the radio thriller?—J. K. A. Orson Welles, the actor and pro ducer of the current Broadway success, "Julius Caesar,’’ plays the role. Q. How large is a newly born octopus? —L. M. A. When hatched, the baby octopodes are about the size of a garden pea. A Rhyme at Twilight By Gertrude Brooke Hamilton. Untimely Jag King Winter, grown weary of icy sway, Decided to take a short holiday. Chickadees chirped in the bright sun shine, Gay rivulets sang to the fragrant pine. The flowers awoke in the wanning earth And wondered if now they might come to birth. Then the Monarch of Storm In the froz^ji North A furious message radioed forth; Sent Sleet and Hail, with their biting sting. To arrest the flight of the recreant king. The chickadees flew to their sheltered nooks, Hushed was the song of the caroling brooks, King Winter resumed his icicle reign. And the flowers all went to sleep again.