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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 19, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(U. S. Weather Bureau Forecaat.)
Cloudy; probably snow tonight and snow
or rain tomorrow; 3lowly rising tempera
ture; lowest tonight about 24. Tempera
tures today—Highest, 23, at 2 p.m.; low
est 19, at 6 a.m.; 22 at 3 p.m.
Full report on page A-2.
Closing New York Markets, Page 16
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
Sfith YE A T? Nn 34 231 Entered as second class matter
OOU1 X JiA.O.. O. OyOI. post office, Washlnston, D. C.
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1938—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. ***
OF) Maana Aaaoclatad Praia. THREE CENTS.
D. C. INCOME LEVY
ON ALL SALARIES
Nichols Will Fight Plan When
Full Committee Gets
It, He Says.
BUSINESS PRIVILEGE
TAX ALSO FAVORED
Assessment Would Be Applied to
Pay of Congressmen and All
Federal Employes Here.
BACKGROUND—
Seeking legislation ta raise
$5,000,000 additional revenue to
meet the 1939 District budget, now
far out of balance. Fiscal Affairs
Subcommittee of House District
Committee yesterday received two
income tax plans. Business privilege
tax, enacted last year, raised city
wide complaint from taxpayers and
citizens' associations. and failed to
produce the anticipated $3,000,000
in revenue.
By DON S. WARREN.
Decision to impose an income tax
on all incomes earned in the District,
in addition to continuing in effect
the business privilege levy and the 25
cer.t ‘'emergency'’ hike in the realty
tax rate, was announced today by the
Fiscal Affairs Subcommittee of the
House District Committee.
The action was taken over the pro
test of Representative Nichols, Demo
crat, of Oklahoma, chairman of the
subcommittee. He declared he would
fight the threefold plan when it
comes before the full membership of
the House District Committee for ac
tion.
The plan approved by the majority
of the subcommittee is to apply the
income levy to members of Congress
and to all Federal employes earning
their salaries in the District. Repre
sentative Nichols announced. These
points, among others, last year caused
Congress to reject a proposed District
income tax as a part of this year's
emergency tax program.
Congressional Exemption.
If the program reaches the floor
of the House it is expected there will
be a revival of the arguments that
members of Congress should be exempt
and that application of the levy to
Federal employes generally will defi
nitely raise a constitutional question.
The rates to be incorporated in the
Income tax portion of the bill were
not discussed at today’s session. They
are to be determined later. Chairman
Nichols called another meeting of
the subcommittee for 10 a.m. next
Tuesday.
Voting for the suggested plans were
Representatives Dirksen. Republican,
of Illinois; Cole. Republican, of New
York, and Wood, Democrat, of Mis
souri. Representative Nichols voted
against each motion in the plan of
fered by Representative Dirksen. The
fifth member of the subcommittee, i
Representative Arnold, Democrat, of!
Illinois, who is an advocate of a gen- i
eral sales tax, was not present.
Sitting with the subcommittee were |
Corporation Counsel Elwood H. Seal.'j
Jo V. Morgan, his special assistant in ,
charge of tax matters; Tax Assessor
Fred D. Allen and Leslie Gillis, stat
istician employed to make a revenue
survey for the members of the Com
missioners' Tax Committee.
The decisions were reached in ex
ecutive session.
In announcing the action of the
Subcommittee, Mr. Nichols declared:
‘‘I believe this is a mistake. Such
a tax program will raise more revenue
than the District will need next year.
I think we should select only two of
the three tax plans, not all three of
them. For this reason I shall oppose
adoption of the program when it
comes to the full committee.”
Upsets Tentative Plans.
The action of the subcommittee
upsets tentative plans announced
last week by Mr. Nichols, who reported
the group had reached tentative agree
ment to suggest continuation of the
business privilege tax measure, with
revisions to remove its obvious in
equities, and continuation of the
present $1.75 tax rate on real estate
and tangible personal property.
Last week, however, it was made
known that this program was being
delayed by advocates of an income
tax measure of some kind. Two dif
ferent kinds of an income levy had
been reported under consideration.
One of these would have taxed all
persons whose incomes fvere earned in
the District. The other would have
exempted all Federal workers and
members of Congress.
Apparently the subcommittee has
decided to carry a fight at least to the
full House District Committee for
adoption of an income levy that would
apply to members of Congress and to
(See INCOME TAXTPage A-4.)
JOB FUNDS SOUGHT
FOR RAILROAD BODY
Johnson Seeks $850,000 to Rehire
850—Dismissals Hart Operation
of Act, He Contends.
Br th* Associated Press.
Representative Johnson, Farmer
Labor, of Minnesota yesterday sought
an $850,000 deficiency appropriation
to permit immediate re-employment
of 350 Railroad Retirement Board em
ployes, dismissed because of lack of
funds.
This amount, Representative John
son said, would carry the board until
the end of the current fiscal year. He
said dismissal of these employes not
only was “an injustice,” but would
“seriously cripple operation of the
Railroad Retirement Act.”
“This would mean that the pensions
to which thousands of men are en
titled would be postponed indefinitely.
The board now has 90,000 applications
for pensions pending.”
18 Naval Bombers Complete
Record Hop to Pearl Harbor
2)570-Mile Flight Is Made in 20 Hours
and SO Minutes—First of 42 Planes
to Be Flown to Hawaii.
By the Associated Press.
HONOLULU, Jan. 19.—Eighteen
big Navy bombing planes from Cali
fornia swooped down through bright
tropical moonlight into the glare of
spotlights before dawn today and
alighted on Pearl Harbor, completing
the greatest mass flight in aviation
history in record-breaking time.
The first plane touched the water
at 8:48 a.m„ Eastern standard time,
20 hours and 30 minutes after the
“official takeoff”- at 12:18 p.m.
(E. S. T.) yesterday from San Diego,
Calif.
The second plane, the blue flames
of its exhaust flashing in the darkness,
alighted 2 minutes later and the other
craft followed in rapid succession.
The official flight time for the 2,570
Baltimore Doctor Casts
Doubt on Story D. C.
Auditor Killed Self.
Evidence that John A. Weaver. 37,
General Accounting Office auditor, who
was found shot to death on the out
skirts of Baltimore late yesterday, may
have been murdered was reported to
day by Dr. Howard Maldeis, Baltimore
I past mortem physician.
Doubt was cast on the police theory
that Mr. Weaver killed himself when
Dr. Maldeis reported he found in addi
tion to a pistol wound through the roof
of the mouth, what appeared to be a
second bullet wound in back of the
! head.
These further suspicious circum
stances were reported by the physician:
A small laceration on the throat.
A long blond hair held in the fingers.
Mr. Weaver’s hair was gray.
Inquest Is Postponed.
When this new evidence was re
ported, Coroner Paul Schenker ordered
an inquest scheduled for today post
poned until tomorrow. Meanwhile, an
exhaustive autopsy will be performed.
Police planned to check Mr.
Weaver’s movements after he left his
home at 2200 Nineteenth street N.W.,
early yesterday.
Dr. Maldeis said his superficial
examination had shown sufficient
possibility of murder to justify a
thorough investigation.
Mr. Weaver’s body was found In
Herring Run Park. A pistol, which
lay between his legs, had been fired
twice and a third cartridge had been
struck by the firing pin, but not ex
ploded. Fifteen cartridges were found
in the dead man’s pocket.
Second Bullet Missing.
The second bullet fired from the
gun could not be found, and this cir
cumstance puzzled police. They the
orized, however, that the gun might
have misfired the first time, and Mr.
Weaver fired a shot in the air to test
the weapon before sending the bullet
into the roof of his mouth.
Mr. Weaver’s widow said he left
home early in the morning without
saying where he was going. He had
applied for leave from the General
Accounting Office, it was learned
there.
Tentative identification, established
by letters, was made certain when
William R. Tighe of Baltimore, a
cousin, viewed the body.
Mrs. Weaver went to Baltimore
today. A 6-year-old daughter also
survives. Mr. Weaver had been em
ployed at the General Accounting
Offic since last October. He previously
had been employed in a Washington
hotel for six years.
/ ___
LIGHT SNOW FALLS;
MERCURY HITS LOW
Season Record of 19 Is Two De
grees Under Previous Coldest.
To Be 24 Tonight.
A light snow began falling today
after the mercury had dropped to 19
degrees, two points below the winter's
previous lowest temperature, recorded
December 12.
The forecaster’s first prediction this
morning was for "cloudy and prob
ably snow tonight and snow or rain
tomorrow, accompanied by slowly ris
ing temperatures.” The minimum
temperature tonight is expected to be
about 24.
The temperature today was climbing
slowly into the lower COs under a
cloudy sky. The maximum yesterday
was 1 degree below freezing.
Meanwhile most of the Eastern sea
board was experiencing bitterly- cold
weather in the wake of heavy snows.
Subzero temperatures were general
in the Northeast and ice-coated streets
and highways caused many accidents,
the Associated Press reported.
The continued cold today had failed
to freeze the Reflecting Pool at Lin
coln Memorial to a sufficient depth for
ice skating. Park police said there
would be no skating in the parks
today or tonight.
The oddest weather of the year
greeted Baltimore today, the tempera
ture dropping to 17 degrees at 4 a.m„
11 degrees below the normal minimum
for this date.
New York’s minimum was 6, Phila
delphia's 10, Boston’s 2 and Albany’s
16 below zero. Hagerstown reported
a minimum of 16 degrees at 7 am.
Midshipmen at Annapolis shivered
about the Academy grounds, where the
temperature was 21 near reveille and
only 1 degree higher at 9 a.m
Diesels for National Limited.
Diesel locomotives will soon be put
in use on the Baltimore & Ohio’s
National Limited between here and
Washington, Ind., it was announced
by the road yesterday in Baltimore.
The National Limited runs between
New York and St. Louis.
miles bettered the previous naval
mark of 21 hours 25 minutes, set by a
squadron of 12 planes in another
"routine transfer” from San Diego
nine months ago.
Only 100 spectators lined the smooth
waters of Pearl Harbor’s channel to
watch the planes roar high over Hon
olulu, head straight for the harbor
and come down quickly in orderly
fashion behind Lieut. Comdr. S. H.
Warner.
Comdr. Warner said the squadrons
flew through unfavorable weather on
the first third of the trip.
The planes climbed to 15,000 feet
and edged more than a hundred miles
south of the charted course to
escape a "cold front” of clouds, rain
(See FLIGHT, Page A-4.)
Seek Foreign Assistance for
Resettlement in Friend
ly Areas.
BACKGROUND—
Advent of Octavian Goga. Na
tional Christian party leader, to
premiership in Rumania nearly
three weeks ago inaugurated drive
against Jews icho immigrated into
Rumania since the tear. Jewish
newspapers and shops hate been
closed as part of drive to keep
"Rumania for Rumanians." Bucha
rest government warned by other
powers against violation of minori
ties treaties signed after war.
Br the Associated Press.
BUCHAREST. Jan. 19. — Several
thousand Rumanian Jews sought
havens abroad today while 16 political
parties launched campaigns for new
elections that were expected not to
affect the government's anti-Semitic
course.
King Carol's dissolution of Parlia
ment and orders for new elections
March 3 gave Rumania a chance to
approve or disapprove-«f the anti
Jewish, semi-Fascist policies of Pre
mier Octavian Goga.
A coalition of other parties with
identical anti-Jewlsh platforms was
indicated, however, should Qoga fail
to rally parliamentary support. He
controlled only 9 per cent of votes in
the dissolved Parliament.
Exodus Move Accelerated.
Efforts of Jews to organize an ex
odus from Rumania were accelerated
as the government proclaimed new
measures to restrict “unwanted for
eigners.”
Committees of Jews visited the
Mexican, Brazilian, Italian. French
and British Consulates to ask about
possibilities of mass migrations to
Mexico, Brazil, Ethiopia, Madagascar
and Australia.
At Consulates both here and at
Constanza, Rumania's chief port, the
Jews asked two questions:
“Where may we go?”
-How?”
Several legations in Bucharest re
ferred inquiries to their governments.
But the problem of “how” has been
made extremely difficult for would-be
emigres by a finance ministry order
forbidding Jews leaving the country
to take any money with them.
Legations’ Aid Sought.
Jewish leaders asked ministers of
foreign nations whether cash might
be paid to their Bucharest legations
and then be restored to Jews when
they reach their future homes.
One Jewish leader said Mexico ap
peared somewhat receptive to a lim
ited migration. He pointed out, how
ever, that in any case escape was open
only to comparatively wealthy Jews—
that the poor must stay unless help
comes to them from abroad.
A new decree by the interior min
istry prohibited the extension of resi
dence permits to Jews who were not
citizens and who founded businesses
in Rumania after 1915. They will be
allowed a reasonable time to liquidate
their affairs.
AT WHITE HOUSE
President Says He Will Talk
on Any Subject They
Desire to Bring Up.
EXPECTED TO DISCUSS
ALL PHASES OF SLUMP
Chief Executive Telli Reporters
Progress Has Been Hade
in Conferences.
BACKGROUND—
With both business and Govern
ment deeply concerned at threat of
another long-time depression. Pres
ident has had several conferences
in recent weeks with leaders of in
dustry. Participating also have been
spokesmen for labor. Thus far no
tangible programs have resulted,
although there have been indica
tions of business pick-up since the
beginning of the month.
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt, reporting
progress in his conferences on eco
nomic problems, called together today
the 50 members of Secretary Roper’s
Business Advisory Council—the larg
est group he has met.
The Chief Executive told reporters
he would talk on any subject the
council wished to take up at the late
afternoon gathering.
It was generally expected the group
would consider broadly all phases of
the recession, although the top-rank
ing industrialists who belong to the
council gave no advance indication.
There has been some talk of ap
pointing a council committee to dis
cuss industrial stabilization with labor
leaders and other interested persons.
The council, headed by W. Averell
Harriman of the Union Pacific Rail
road, has been active since 1933. Its
reports on economic matters seldom
have been made public, but informed
persons have credited these surveys
with having considerable influence
on administration policies.
All sections of the country are rep
resented an the council, among whose
members are Republicans and others
in fundamental disagreement with the
Preiident’s program.
Answers Questions.
Mr. Roosevelt answered several eco
nomic inquiries at his press conference
to elaborate on his statement of last
week that he favored the abolition of
all holding companies.
After he was told the Securities
Commission had declared there were
all kinds of holding companies, the
President was asked whether he had
in mind all of them or specified types.
He replied it would be difficult to
give a definition which would cover
all fields. As soon as a definition
was given, he added, some persons
would try to put certain companies
in the holding company category,
while others would endeavor to keep
other companies out.
Mr. Roosevelt said he was getting
along well in his series of meetings
with business ment Utility managers
were the first on the list, having talked
with the President about the Govern
ments power policy and the possi
bility of expanded utility construction.
Many Leaders in Conference.
Just a week ago Alfred P. Sloan, jr„
chairman of the General Motors Corp.,
and five other business leaders talked
at the White House for an hour and
a half about industrial conditions.
After that conference Mr. Sloan
said he expected Increased co-opera
tion between Government and indus
try.
John L. Lewis, Committee for In
dustrial Organization chairman, and
another business group that included
Thomas W. Lamont, Morgan partner,
called on Mr. Roosevelt last Friday to
discuss the recession. That group, the
President said, did not ask him for
any specific program.
The President will confer Friday
with several leading automobile manu
facturers and the heads of several
automobile finance companies on the
possibility of stabilizing car produc
tion.
Summary of Today's Star
Page.
Amusements A-8-9 Society .B-3
Editorials ..A-10 Radio _B-7
Obituary ...A-12 Serial Story-B-9
Woman’s Pg..A-14 Lost & Found B-9
Finance -A-15 Comics ..B-14-15
Sports_A-18-19
FOREIGN.
Rumanian Jews organise exodus with
foreign aid. Page A-1
Soviet cabinet reorganised; action
against Japan pledged. Page A-t
Japanese to use Tsingtao as base for
Suchow drive. Page A-4
Groundwork laid for pact of England
and Ireland. Page A-4
Chautemps cabinet faces new labor
disturbances. Page A-5
NATIONAL.
Social Security, rail retirement costs
exceed income. Page a-1
Bur lew hearing turns to probe of
Amy finance clerk. Page A-1
President confers today with Business
Advisory Council. Page a-1
U. S. requests interview with Mrs.
Rubens in Moscow. ' Page a-1
18 naval bombers reach Pearl island
safely. Page A-1
Anders is quizzed in other kidnapings
by G-men. Page A-2
No early showdown on anti-lynching
»>U1 Ukely. Page A-2
Cromwell urges ultimate repeal of all
forms of income tax. Page A-12
Forty-five dead or missing in school
Page A-5
Portland printers urged to arbitrate
differences. Page A-5
WASHINGTON • AND VICINITY.
Income tax on all D. O. salaries asked
by House group. Page A-1
New evidence points to murder in
Weaver shooting. Page A-l
Lack of police blamed for crime
here. Page A-l
House group kills bill to liberalize
liquor regulations. Page A-3
Price proposes sweeping changes in
Virginia government. Page A-3
Three hurt in traffic here; Maryland
victim dies. Page A-3
Search pushed for missing Woodrow
Wilson student. Page A-3
Smith bill held likely to settle airport
controversy. Page B-l
Civil Service head hits Bulow’s merit
criticism. Page B-l
Three colored youths indicted for rob
bing clergyman. Page B-l
SPORTS.
Orover Alexander colorful figure in
Hall of Fame. Page A-18
Braddock peeved by boxing critics.
Page A-18
pnnagan plays unique role at Co
lumbia Country Club. Page A-18
Eastern steps lively in high school
basket series. Page A-19
FINANCIAL.
Bonds unsettled (table). Page A-15
Stocks weaker (table). Page A-18
Curb tilts lower (table). PageA-17
J. M. Johnston re-elected D. C. Stock
Exchange head. Page A-17
MISCELLANY.
Vital Statistics. Page A-6
Shipping News. Page A-9
Betsy Caswell. Page A-14
Service Orders. Page B-5
Bedtime Story. Page B-7
Nature’s Children. Page B-9
Dorothy Dix. Page A-14
Letter-out. Pag* B-14
Cross-word Pussle. Page B-14
Winning Contract. PageB-15
City News in Brief. PageB-18
/ IF HE FEINTS WITH \
/ his right; boys,wve \
\GOT TO WATCH OUT »r)
. \Hg Left hook! J
Benefits Paid Are More Than
$294,681,000 Over
Income.
B» the Associated Press.
The Treasury revealed today that
the social security and railroad retire
ment programs cost, up to January 1,
$294,681,343 more than the income
from the taxes imposed to finance
them.
The total expenditures were given as
$960,975,659 and receipts. $666,294,316.
An official Treasury statement—the
first of a monthly series on these new
Federal undertakings — emphasized,
however, that such a condition was
not to be considered permanent.
Social security taxes, the statement
said, were designed primarily to build
up a reserve for old-age pension bene
fits. whereas in the initial stages they
have been applied widely to other uses,
chiefly grants to States to aid in get
ting their security programs started.
Such grants accounted for about half
the reported expenditures.
Jobless Insurance Starts.
While several phases of social secur
ity, including old age assistance, aid
to dependent children, various health
services and aid to the blind, were
started before the first of the year,
one of the biggist—unemployment in
surance—did not become generally
operative until that time.
The Labor Department reported that
1,152.000 persons in 21 States and the
District of Columbia filed claims for
such insurance during the first week.
The total included 8.857 claims in
Wisconsin which had begun its pay
ments earlier.
The Treasury statement gave this
breakdown of income from social se
curity and rail retirement taxes:
Old-age taxes, $516,980,591.25: un
employment. $80,649,267.86; railroad
retirement. $68,661,556.14; unclassi
fied, $2,900.70.
How Money Was Spent.
Here is how the money was spent:
Administrative, $28,436,410.41: grants
to States, $326,537,805.98; investments
for old-age reserves and railroad re
tirement account. $606,000,000; un
classified. $1,442.82.
The grants to States included: Old
age assistance, $236,617,900.58: aid to
dependent children, $28,697,981.10;
aid to the blind, $8,429,804.34; for ad
ministration of State unemployment
insurance laws. $26,428,055.01: ma
ternal and child health services, $6,
001,270.88; crippled children, $3,966,
693.94; child welfare services. $1,795,
187.97: public health, $14,600,912.16.
Social Security officials estimated
that about one-fourth of unemploy
ment insurance claims were not valid
for various reasons set forth by the
laws. A majority of those filing had
been employed until the last quarter
of 1937.
Work Applications Grow.
It also was reported by the depart
ment that work applications filed with
the United States Employment Service
in December totaled 452,035, the
highest number since December; 1935.
The service had 4,874,924 persons on
its rolls last December 31.
In another branch of social security,
the old-age division reported the pay
ment of $1,277,516 to 53,237 claimants
during the first year’s operation.
The payments, averaging $24, went
to wage earners who had reached the
age of 65 and to the estates or relatives
of those who had died.
O’CONNOR WILL RUN,
CALIFORNIANS HEAR
Controller of Currency to See
President This Week on Gov
ernorship Pace.
B» the Associated Press.
Reports went the rounds of Cali
fornians yesterday that J. P. T.
O’Connor had definitely decided to
resign his post as controller of the
currency and seek the Democratic
gubernatorial nomination in their
State in the August primary.
Actual announcement of his can
didacy, informed persons said, awaited
only a conference with President
Roosevelt later this week.
Mr. O’Connor himself hinted this
was true, disclosing that he expected
to call on the Chief Executive and
that the question of his candidacy
would be discussed.
Pressed to state whether he had
not already determined, to enter the
race, he replied only that he was
"very near a final decision.'*
Bill Asks Jail
For Refusal to
Hire Men of 40
Bl the Associated Press.
ALBANY, N. Y., Jan. 19—An em
ployer who dismisses or refuses to
hire a person 40 years or over be
cause of his age could be jailed under
a bill introduced today in New York’s
Legislature.
The measure, sponsored by Demo
cratic Assemblyman Daniel Flynn,
New York City, fixes penalties of $50
to $200 fine or imprisonment for 20 to
30 days. It would place investigation
of such cases with the State Labor
Department.
The Legislature is already consid
ering a proposal that w-ould require
employers dismissing persons over 40
to pay them a sum equal to their last
monthly wage for each year of the
employment.
(I. S. ASKSCONTACT
Moscow Interview Sought
by Envoy on Hull In
structions.
B? the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Jan. 19—The United
States Embassy has asked Russian
authorities for permission to visit
Mrs. Marie Rubens of New York City
in prison, a reliable source Indicated
today.
The Embassy Charge d'Affaires went
to the foreign office at noon, on in
structions from the State Department
in Washington, to ask an interview
with the woman who presumably is
in Lubianka Prison, a block from the
foreign office.
It was not ascertained whether the
request was granted.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull an
nounced yesterday the request was
decided upon after the Soviet gov
ernment informed the United States
that Mrs. Rubens was under arrest
in Moscow on suspicion of espionage.
Counsel for Miss Constance Boerger
of New York, sister of Mrs. Rubens,
announced she would ask the Secre
tary of State to arrange if possible
that the prisoner be represented by
counsel of her choice.
Overjoyed at word that her sister—
long missing—still was alive, Miss
Boerger said in New York:
“I know she’s completely innocent
of any espionage. If she is involved,
I am sure it was entirely without her
knowledge.”
WOMAN IS FOUND DEAD™
IN GAS-FILLED KITCHEN
Alfred Hansen, Commerce Depart
ment Clerk, on Business in Pitts
burgh, Is Notified.
Mrs. Leona Hansen, wife of Alfred
Hansen, Commerce Department clerk,
was found dead today in the kitchen
of her gas-filled apartment at 2700 Q
street N.W. Mr. Hansen was notified
in Pittsburgh, where he has been on
a business trip, friends said.
. - --• .
Hull Indorsed for Prize.
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras, Jan. 19
(/P).—The government of Honduras
announced yesterday it had proposed
United States Secretary of State Cor
dell Hull to the Norwegian govern
ment for the 1938 Nobel Peace Prize.
MORE POLICEMEN
HELD NEED IN D. a
Brown and Thompson Deny
Increase of Crime Despite
Lack of Men.
Police officials said today their In
tensified war on hold-up men, burglars
and other thieves is holding in check
threats of a crime wave here, but many
more policemen are needed to cope ef
fectively with the situation.
Maj. Ernest W. Brown, superin
tendent of police, and Inspector Ber
nard W. Thompson, chief of detectives,
said the current crime rate was not
unusually high and cited records show
ing an actual decrease In some crim
inal activity this month.
Police records listed 32 hold-ups,
housebreakings and other thefts, in
volving total loot of $2,120, here yes
terday and last night as one-third of
the day police force worked overtime
in efforts to curb them. These
reports included 3 hold-ups. in which
colored bandits collected $243, and 11
housebreakings, 0 thefts from parked
automobiles. 3 purse anatchings, 2
pocket pickings and 4 bicycle thefts.
Force Works Overtime.
Maj. Brown said the reinforcement
of night police patrols by requiring
officers on day duty to work over
time was ordered as a "precautionary
measure” because of a gradual in
crease of crime throughout the Na
tion, but added that "in my opinion
there is no actual crime wave here.”
He cited statistics showing only 60
hold-ups, purse-snatchings and other
"robberies from the person” were re
ported here from December 16 to
January 16, as compared with 79
such cases from November 16 to De
cember 16.
He also pointed to records show
ing a total of 69 hold-ups and other
robberies through January 17 of this
year, as compared with 146 during the
month of January last year and 150 in
January of 1936.
Inspector Thompson, declaring that
“If crime has come into the public
qye in the District. It is because there
are not enough policemen, and there
are not enough policemen because we
have Insufficient appropriations,” de
fended efficiency of the Detective Bu
reau.
"We need more men to cope with
the situation, but we are not ashamed
of our record,” the inspector said. He
cited records showing 249 arrests by
the Detective Bureau so far this
month, with a total of 402 arrests
during December. 485 in November,
469 in October and 418 in September.”
Heavier Sentences Urged.
Commissioner Ha sen agreed that the
District’s greatest need to curb crimi
nal activity is for additional police
officers, as requested in budget esti
mates. He also suggested that heavier
sentences for major crimes, a kidnap
law and strengthening of the parole
system would aid in checking crime.
The Commissioner explained he did
not blame any laxity in the parole
system for the current crime situation,
but believed the Parole Board's staff
should be increased to make possible
more thorough investigation of pris
oners up for parole.
Wilbur La Roe, Jr„ chairman of the
District Parole Board, said it would
be "absurd” to suggest that parole is
in any substantial degree responsible
for crime. He said paroled prisoners
commit less than 10 of the approxi
mately 9,000 felonies reported here an
nually.
Meanwhile, a bill to give juries the
option of imposing the death penalty
in hold-up and robbery cases was in
troduced in the Senate by Senator
Bilbo, Democrat, of Mississippi. A
(See ROBBERIES, Page A-4.)
Science Called to Decide
if Mother Bore Boy or Girl
Br the Associated Press.
SHAMOKIN, Pa., Jan. 19.—Modern
science was given the problem today
of deciding whether a coal miner’s
wife bore a son or a daughter.
Trustees of the Shamokin State
Hospital and State officials, preparing
for a conference, said they hoped the
findings of physicians, fingerprint ex
perts and other investigators would
convince Mrs. Lawrence E. Sanders
that the infant girl she cradles in her
arms is her own—or discover her real
baby.
Mrs. Sanders for a week has claimed
that the girl could not be the child
she bora In the hospital Deoamber to.
Nurses told her on several occa
sions. the mother said, that her child
was a boy. Not until she left the hos
pital at the end of 10 days did she
learn, she maintained, that the child
she took was a girl.
As proof for her belief that her
child was a son, she pointed to the
State birth certificate that the hos
pital gave her. It read: “Ellis, Jr.,
male.”
But the hospital physicians as
serted the mistake was only a matter
of registration. Footprints and finger
prints taken Immediately after birth
of the baby coincided, they said, with
those of the child Mrs. Sanders now
hafc __iAj
TURNS TO INQUIRY
OF m OFFICE
Senators to Investigate Dis
charge or Retirement
of Clerk.
LINK IS SUSPECTED
WITH $80,000 FRAUD
Nye Want* to Question Maj. Gen.
Heed—Pittman Desires to
Summon Ickes.
BACKGROUND—
For nearly four years, Reno
Stitely, employe of National Parks
Service, presented forged vouchers
to the Army Finance Office and
received checks made out to myth
ical emergency conservation work
ers in Shenandoah National Park.
The i80,000 fraud was discovered
last April, when Stitely was ar
rested. Indicted, he pleaded not
guilty, but later changed his plea
to guilty. Senate Public Lands
Committee began exploring Stitely
case in studying administrative fit
ness of Ebert K. Burlew, nominated
to be Assistant Secretary of the In
terior.
By REX COLLIER.
The Senate Public Lands Commit
tee today decided to investigate the
“discharge or retirement” of a clerk
in the Army Finance Office to deter
mine if the action was taken in con
nection with the recent $80,000 em
bezzlement of Emergency Conservation
Corps funds.
Reno Stitely, Interior Department
employe, has pleaded guilty to forgery
of fictitious pay roll vouchers made
out to non-existent “blister rust check
ers” in the Shenandoah National
Park. The funds were paid by the
Army Finance Office.
Senator Nye, Republican, of North
Dakota, a member of the committee,
said he wishes to question Maj. Oen.
Walter L. Reed, inspector general of
the Army, and other War Department
officials regarding the dropping of the
finance clerk, whose name he declined
to make public pending the inquiry.
Gen. Reed Investigating.
Gen. Reed testified yesterday that
his office is investigating all circum
stances attending the payment of
checks to Stitely on the fraudulent
vouchers, with a special view to as
certaining whether proper steps were
taken to check the authenticity of the
vouchers.
Members of the committee have in
dicated surprise that Stitely waa able
to operate his scheme undetected by
the War Department. They have re
quested Gen. Reed to advise them
what precautions have been taken
since discovery of the fraud to pre
vent a recurrence. Chairman Adams
announced that Gen. Reed and other
War Department representatives will
appear for further questioning tomor
row.
Meantime. Senator Pittman, Demo
crat. of Nevada told the committee
he desires to have Secretary of the
Interior Ickes called to the stand, as
he has a number of additional ques
tions to ask him in connection with
developments at the hearings.
He refused to specify, but in the
Senate later, he asserted the commit
tee had received “astounding revela
tions in regard to the laxity and in
efficiency, if not criminal carelessness”
in the Interior Department.
Senator Pittman addressed the Sen
ate before Southerners resumed their
filibuster against the anti-lynching
bill.
He said that while Secretary Ickes
was primarily responsible for the In
terior Department, Mr. Burlew has
been his administrative assistant and
also has served as budget officer and
personnel officer.
Mr. Burlew, Senator Pittman as
serted, has “the extraordinary power”
of signing any orders issued in the
Interior Department and signs “most
of Secretary Ickes’ letters if not all of
them.”
The hearings are being held to de
termine the qualifications of Ebert K.
Burlew to serve as Assistant Secretary
of the Interior, a post to which he
was nominated recently.
Senator Nye told the committee to
day he had "good reason to believe” a
derk in the Finance Office of the
Army was let out just prior to the
arrest of Stitely last April.
“I don’t know whether this was in
connection with the Stitely case or
not,” Senator Nye said, “but I do think
we should learn all the facts.”
Later Senator Nye told reporters he
could not believe that Stitely could
(See BURLEW, Page-A^V)
PHILIPPINES PROBE
JAPANESE LEASES
Quezon Asks McNutt to Discuss
Davao Land Holdings With
Roosevelt.
By the Associated Press.
MANILA, Jan. 19.—The Manila
Bulletin said tonight the Philippine
government had taken the first for
mal step to determine legality of large
holdings of land by Japanese in Davao
Province.
The paper said President Manuel L.
Quezon asked Paul V. McNutt, United
States high commissioner, to discuss
the matter with the State Department
when he reaches Washington early
next month.
Mr. McNutt will leave Manila about
January 29 by plane to report to
President Roosevelt.
Philippine government reports indi
cate Japanese hold 63,800 acres under
legal leases and 77,000 acres illegally.
The latter leases were ordered can
celed some time ago, but the Govern
ment never acted on the recommenda
tion of its Interior Deportment.
Through holdings in Davao Prov
ince, Japanese control hemp farming
and much of the general business of
Davao City.

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