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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 30, 1938, Image 4

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II. a CO-OPERATION
INCHINAAIDURGED
Britain, France and Russia
Reported Determined to
Extend Help.
By the Associated Press.
GENEVA. Jan. 29.—Great Britain,
France and Russia sought co-opera
tion of the United States tonight in
a move to extend economic and finan
cial aid to China in her war with
Japan.
Competent League of Nations cir
cles reported the three major powers
had decided to take such action either
with or without approval of the League
Council.
Koo Threatens Attack.
The decision closely followed a
threat by Dr. V. K. Wellington Koo,
Chinese delegate, to attack the League
and its leaders at Monday’s Council
meeting if Poland persisted In block
ing a League plan to aid China.
Koo had hoped French and British
backing would put through a resolu
tion recommending that League mem
bers give all possible assistance to
China even though a unanimous Coun
cil vote would be necessary.
But the Polish delegate, Foreign
Minister Joseph Beck, informed French
Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos Poland
would not vote for the measure—
similar to last October's League As
sembly resolution denouncing Japan.
Jewish Petitions Sidetracked.
Joseph Avenol, secretary general of
the League, decided not to adopt ur
gency procedure on petitions of various
world Jewish organizations to the
League to take action on behalf of
Rumanian Jews.
The petitions will be turned over to
Rumania’s anti-semitic government for
observation while British and French
delegates study the situation with
the president of the Council.
Hull Opposed to Plan.
By the Associated Press.
Secretary Hull indicated yesterday
the United States would continue its
policy of permitting arms shipments
to both Japan and China and would
not join in the reported agreement
of Britain. France and Russia to
assist China.
He said at his press conference he
had no dispatches on the reported
understanding of the three countries
to aid China and to ask the United
States to collaborate with them.
Also, he said, the United States had
no new foreign policy on this sub
ject. This Government has refrained
from Invoking the neutrality act and
thus banning arms shipments to both
China and Japan. It has forbidden
shipment of arms to either country
In Government-owned vessels, how
ever.
Chairman Pittman, Democrat, of
Nevada, of the Senate Foreign Rela
tions Committee, told reporters that
aid by this Government would "be
absolutely contrary to the President's
policy of non-intervention.”
He added any agreement with other
nations to aid China would "be inter
preted as a military alliance against
a government with which we are still
at peace."
“It is perfectly lawful for the people
of the United States to do anything
they please,” Pittman continued.
NAZIS CELEBRATING
FIFTH ANNIVERSARY
Hitler Plans for Future Unknown
With Cancellation of Reichs
tag Session.
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN. Jan. 29.—Brown and black
uniforms will predominate on Ger
man streets tomorrow as the Nazi
movement celebrates the fifth anni
versary of Adolf Hitler’s rise to power
with the question "What next?” left
unanswered.
Those who hoped for an anniversary
answer to what the unpredictable
Reichsfuehrer's plans might be were
disappointed. Arrangements for a Sun
day Reichstag session, such as Hitler
frequently used as occasion for dra
matic announcement of policy changes,
were called off suddenly without ex
planation.
Domestically, however, National So
cialists could be pleased with their ac
complishments since the portentous
January night in 1933 when Hitler
became Chancellor.
Vienna Nazis Celebrate.
VIENNA, Jan. 29 (JP).—Nazis, whose
party was outlawed in 1934, were ac
tive tonight on the eve of the fifth
anniversary of Adolf Hitler’s assump
tion of the chancellorship in Germany.
Streets in some districts of Vienna
were plastered with leaflets in which
"revenge” for the recent arrests of
Nazi leaders was forecast.
Police headquarters announced, how
ever, they had had advance knowledge
that minor demonstrations would oc
cur and they expected they might con
tinue throughout Sunday in celebra
tion of the Nazi anniversary in Ger
many.
Rubber Firm Official Dies.
AKRON, Ohio, Jan. 29 <A>).—S. S.
Miller, board chairman of the Mo
hawk Rubber Co., died today. Just a
week before a celebration which was
to have marked his 82d birthday anni
versary and the 25th anniversary of
the Mohawk Co. he helped found.
Miller was associated with the Good
year, Old India and Kelly-Springfleld
companies.
Zog to Inform
Parliament of
Wedding Plans
BJ the Associated Press.
IRANA, Albania, Jan. 29.—
King Zog will inform the Al
banian Parliament at a spe
cial session. Monday that he
plans to give his country a queen of
American blood by taking Countess
Geraldine Apponyi as his wife.
Official confirmation of the betrothal
came as the Albanian press service
announced that Parliament had been
summoned in accordance with the con
stitution for the announcement.
The 22-year-old countess is the
daughter of the former Gladys Virginia
Stewart of New York, who was mar
ried in Geneva July 29,1914, to Count
Julius Nagy-Apponyi, member of the
old Hungarian families of Apponyi
and Karolyi.
Counts Charles and Louis Apponyi,
uncles of the bride-to-be, and Mme.
Virginia Debagl, her younger sister,
already are in Tirana for the an
nouncement of the engagement.
Hie date for the wedding has not
bvn announced- • .
Niagara Bridge Wreck Draws Tourists
For the first time in a auarter of a century tourists were allowed on the ice below Niagara
Falls yesterday to see the fallen “Honeymoon Bridge.’’ Tourists have been barred from the ice
since it collapsed February 4, 1912, with a loss of three lives. —Copyright, A P. Wirephoto.
Defense Considered More
Significant Than City’s
Capture Dec. 21.
By the Associated Press.
MADRID, Jan. 29.—Military ob
servers tonight saw the Spanish gov
ernment’s successful defense of Teruel
against two powerful Insurgent coun
ter-offensives as even more significant
than the government's capture of the
strategic Eastern Spanish city.
Latest reports indicated the in
surgents’ second determined drive to
recapture the city, lost by them De
cember 21, had dribbled out three
days ago, leaving government forces
firmly entrenched along the Teruel
salient. The government has main
tained its grip on Teruel against the
strongest war machine Generalissimo
Francisco Franco mustered.
Aerial bombardments on an un
precedented scale of Spain's largest
cities, both by insurgents and gov
ernment airmen, have been so costly
of civilian lives the government has •
proposed an air-raid armistice to stop
the “shedding of innocent blood.’’
The insurgent high command ha$
not yet indicated its stand. The gov
ernment threatened to bomb an in
surgent city for every government city
bombed if the proposed armistice were
not accepted.
Hundreds Reported Slain.
HENDAYE, France, Jan. 29 <£>).—
Spanish insurgent headquarters today
announced hundreds of government
soldiers were mowed down in ma
chine-gun Are that met them in two
assaults on Celadas in the mountains
north of Teruel.
Report* from the insurgent side
said government losses yesterday
were so heavy commanders asked and
were granted a 2-hour truce in which
to gather up their wounded.
Loyalists Reported Repulsed.
SALAMANCA, Spain, Jan. 29 .—
An insurgent communique said gov
ernment forces launched new attacks
in the Teruel sector today, but were
repulsed with great losses.
The insurgents said they captured
315 government soldiers during today’s
engagement and picked up 415 enemy
bodies on the battlefield.
British Speed Armed Forces
To Singapore for Maneuvers
10,000 Soldiers, 24 Warships and 8
Squadrons of Planes to Participate
in Six-Day War Games.
jay inr ANMicmira rrcsa.
SINGAPORE, Jan. 29.—Great’Brit
ain swiftly moved land, sea and air
forces today across her vast empire
•shuffleboard" toward a rendezvous at
this vital new Par Eastern naval base.
Ten thousand soldiers, 24 warships
and eight squadrons of planes were
selected for a part in the mass move
ment. For six days,' beginning Febru
ary 2, they will carry out mock bat
tles and combined training in large
scale, closely guarded maneuvers.
The mass activity was announced
officially to be “with a view to testing
the various defenses at Singapore,”
the Gibraltar of the Far East, be
cause of its dominant position as guard
of the Malacca Straits, main high
way between the Indian Ocean and
the China Sea.
$150,000,000 Investment.
The Chinese-Japanese conflict has
given added importance to her giant
sea fortress, which will represent an
investment of *150,000,000 when com
pleted two years hence.
The speed with which strong squad
rons of planes have been rushed from
Austrians Seek
Czech Help in
Fascist Threat
Vienna Papers Call
for Bloc With
Hungary,
Br the Associated Press.
VIENNA, Jan. 28 —Pleas to Czecho
slovakia for help against growing
German-Italian Influence in Central
and Eastern Europe were carried to
day by three of Vienna's leading news
papers.
The burden of editorials in the
powerful Neues Wiener Tageblatt,
semi-official Reichspost and influ
ential Christlicher Staendestat was:
That the Rome-Berlin axis was'
India and Iraq for the maneuvers
has demonstrated Singapore’s poten
tial power in time of war.
As 10 Indian and five Iraqian Royal
Air Force stations were thus depleted,
it was explained they could be easily
reinforced from 11 Near Eastern sta
tions with headquarters at Cairo.
These. *in turn, could be filled in from
Britain.
Secrecy Shrouds Maneuvers.
The official secrets ordinance has
been invoked for the maneuvers, for
bidding photographs and sketches of
certain parts of the armed island.
The warships are to remain here
for the formal opening February 14
of the $45,000,000 drydock which forms
a major part of Britain’s great naval
base on the north side of the island.
Three United States warships will
be present for the opening of the
drydock, which officially will inaugu
rate the naval base.
Acres of jungle swamp were re
claimed to build the base, which in
cludes dry and wet docks, under
ground fuel and ammuption stores,
giant workshops and several miles of
railroad.
crushing the system represented bv
the France-supported Little Entente
(Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Ru
mania) and that the moment was
ripe for Praha to co-operate with
Vienna and possibly Budapest to
maintain Europe's balance of power.
Faced with a changing order lr. the
Danube Valley, where Rumania, Yu
goslavia. Bulgaria, Hungary and Aus
tria have been struggling to find se
curity in new combinations, Austrian
Chancelor Kurt von Schuschnigg
long has been convinced of the de
sirability of a Czech-Austrian alliance.
-»—
N. I. R. B. Hits Georgia Mills.
ATLANTA. Jan. 29 OP).—The Na
tional Labor Relations Board in a de
cision today said the Globe Cotton
Mills of Augusta had engaged in un
fair labor practices and ordered the
company “to bargain collectively in
good faith” with the Textile Workers'
Organizing Committee.
THIS NEW AND MARVELOUSLY VOICED KIMOALL CONSOLETTE
POSSESSES AMAZING TONAL SUPERIORITY
RECOGNIZED INSTANTLY DY SIMPLEST COMPARISONS
SMALL AND GRACEFULLY DESIGNED
RIGHTLY CALLED 'THE PIANO OF TOMORROW"
MUSICALLY, IT WILL DELIGHT THE MOST CRITICAL
SEE IT—LISTEN TO IT—PLAY IT
mSSL stop in today demonstrations
1938 KIMBALL PIANOS AT PRESENT FACTORY PRICES
SURPASS IN VALUE ANY EVER BEFORE OFFERED BY
THIS WORLD'S LARGEST PIANO MANUFACTURER
GRAND NEW PIANOS IN ALL STYLES MAY DE RENTED
RENTAL PAYMENTS CAN BE APPLIED ON SALE PRICES IF PURCHASED LATER
EASY PAYMENT TERMS ENTIRELY FREE
FROM FINANCE COMPANIES, EXCESSIVE INTEREST CHARGES
W. W. KIMBALL COMPANY
ESTABLISHED SO YEARS
FACTORY BRANCH STORE-721 ELEVENTH ST. N.W.
JUST NORTH OF PALAIS ROYAL
JAPANESE CRAFT
GUARDED IN PORT
Boston Police Post Guard,
Block Chinese Sailors’'
Move for Fight.
Bt the Associated Press.
BOSTON, Jan. 29.—Warned that
"something might happen,” Boston
police posted a strong guard around
two Japanese ships today and
squelched an attempt by Chinese sea
men to light Japanese sailors without
weapons on the wharf.
Police Comlasioner Joseph P. Tlm
llty dispatched 20 men to the Army
base to guard the freighter Kelyo
Maru, under charter of the N. Y. K.
Line, after the line’s local agents,
Patterson, Wylde & Co., relayed the
threatening report to police.
The N. Y. K. Line operates the Hiye
Maru, which escaped bombing In
Seattle, Wash., last week.
Later the detail, composed of harbor
and, land police, was broadened to in
clude another Japanese boat, the
Kansai Maru, but police would not
say whether there were anv threats
against It.
After the Japanese ships unloaded
their cargoes, police boats escorted
them down the harbor without inci
dent. The land guards were with
drawn after the ships sailed late today.
Inspector Benjamin Goodman, chief
of the Boston Police Radical Squad
stopped the battle "dare” hurled by
members of the crew aboard the
steamer Saleier, tied up astern of the
Kelyo Maru at the Army base.
The challenge, formally written out,
was taken from a stevedore before it
could be delivered to the Keiyo Maru.
The Chinese sailors, in the note,
called on the Japanese to choose 25
of their best men to light 25 of the
Chinese on the wharf without
weapons.
Shortly afterward, as the Saleier
was ready to sail, customs agents
swooped down and reported seizing
narcotics and pipes.
No arrests were made, but the ship
was given lines totaling almost *500.
She sailed late in the day.
Both Japanese ships arrived today
from Par Eastern ports.
CRAIGAVON AND 13 AIDES
UNOPPOSED IN ELECTION
31 Seats in Ulster Parliament to
Be Contested in Balloting
on Pebruary 9.
Er the Associated Press.
BELFAST. Northern Ireland, Jan.
29 —Fourteen members of Parliament
and all but one cabinet officer won
unopposed nominations today for the
February 9 election, called to obtain
an expression from the electorate on
the government’s stand against union
with Ireland
Lord Craigavon, prime minister of
Northern Ireland, and 13 members of
his party were returned, along with
six nationalists and one labor party
member. Sixty-four candidates were
nominated for the remaining 31 con
tested seats.
8ir Dawson Bates, minister of home
affairs, was the only cabinet member
who will have a contest for his seat.
Flees From Threats
Threats against the life of her 5-year-old son Jerry caused
Mrs. Joseph Fainer to flee with him from Los Angeles to
Honolulu. She is the wife of the special prosecutor named to
investigate bombing of Harry Raymond, private vice investi
gator. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Carol Denies Rumania Severs
Ties With France and Britain
Only Trying to Make Netv Friends
Along With the Old9 He Says—Jews
Reassured Against Pogroms.
By the Associated Pres*.
BUCHAREST, Rumania, Jan. 29.—
King Carol gave assurance today that
Rumania is “clinging to her old friends,
although the country is trying to make
new ones." In addition, the King
declared Jews need have no fears of
violence in Rumania.
The monarch of 18.000,000 Ru
manians emphasized his government
had no intention of dropping Prance
and Great Britain from its list of
old friends.
Fears Abroad "Mistaken."
"Any uncertainty abroad in this
matter is a mistaken fear,” Carol
said in a half-hour interview.
"In some quarters there seems to
have been a little uneasiness because
we have approached somewhat closer
to some others (presumably Germany
and Italy).
“But I assert positively there is no
thought of change in Rumania's for
eign policy. Perhaps it might be said
that Rumania has acquired some new
friends without discarding the old.”
The King's desire that Rumania
find her destiny in the company of
' old friends," among whom he named
Prance, Great Britain, the Balkans
and the Little Entente, is reflected by
Octavian Goga, Rumania's new na
tionalist, anti-Semitic premier.
Jews Reassured Against Violence.
Carol declared there need be no fear
of a Jewish pogrom in Rumania.
“A Jewish problem? Yes, we have
one and we are wrestling with it,”
he said. “How, ultimately, the prob
lem is to be met is not altogether
clear, but the first and important
point of our policy will be that there
shall be no violence to Jews. Of that
we are certain . , .
“It is understandable that the
United States should be interested in
developments here because you your
self have many Jews, certainly more
than we.”
Asked whether there was prospect
of mass deportations or of coloniza
tion of Jews in some other regions
of the world, Carol said that matter
had not received the detailed study
of the government.
New Moves Against Jews.
Meanwhile, the anti-Semitic gov
ernment of Premier Goga made two
moves against Rumanian Jews. They
were:
1. The labor minister decreed res
taurants, coffee houses, bars and pas
try shops were to discharge Jewish
help.
2. Minister of Culture Ion Lupas
announced civil marriages of Ru
manians and Jews soon might be de
clared illegal unless the Jews became
Orthodox Christians and remarried
in church ceremonies.
Lupas declared he was preparing
a decree by which 30 days would be
allowed for Jews in mixed marriages
to decide what they would do. The
culture minister, who is an Orthodox
priest, added the measure also would
prevent intermarriages of Jews and
Christians in the future.
Jewish circles estimated more than
10,000 Rumanian Jews would be
obliged to be baptized or else dissolve
their marriage unions if the proposal
became effective.
-•
Progress Club to Elect.
The Progress Club will elect offi
cers at its meeting Tuesday night
in the Hamilton Hotel at 8:30 o’clock,
it was announced yesterday.
LAID TO FASCISTS
Political Prisoners Undergo
Medieval Punishments,
Says Italian Count.
Political prisoners in Italy today are
given the hot iron in the approved
medieval style, according to youthful
Count Massimo Salvadori, who visited
wasmngton yes
terday.
The 29-year-old
doctor of political
science from the
University of
Rome said he
spent a year as a
political prisoner
in Rome, Naples
and on the Island
of Ponza In 1933
for carrying on
anti-Fascist ac
tivities.
“I saw one of
my friends beaten
into unconscious
Count Salvador!.
ness with 60 blows on the soles of his
feet with a steel bar,” he said, his
face clouding as he recalled the inci
dent. ‘‘Another one I saw lifted with
ropes and let down on hot plates. One
usually associates these things with
medieval days, but they are going
on right now.”
General treatment of political pris
oners, he said, is much worse than
that accorded criminals.
After his year was ended, Prof. Sal
vadori was warned to stay out of the
big cities, he said, and so decided to
leave the country—illegally.
"That Is,” he explained, “I didn't
get an official passport.”
The count, who has made his home «
In England recently, said his father,
Count Guglielmo Salvador!, Is being
held incommunicado at his home in
Fermo because of his anti-Fascist
opinions.
Asked if he intends to return to
Italy, the young lecturer, who has
been both in East Africa and Spain,
and who lectured last night at the
Continental Hotel on "Hitler and
Mussolini Over Spain,” laughed.
“Do you know what the penalty Is
for speaking against the Fascist state
in a foreign country?" he demanded.
"Twenty-four years in prison.” '
U. S. FRAUD ORDER HITS
CONCERN IN ST. LOUIS
Based on Finding Firm Was Sell
ing Through Mails on False
Representations.
Bt the Associated Press.
The Post Office Department an
nounced yesterday issuance of a fraud
order forbidding the delivery of mail
and the payment of money orders to
General Institute, Inc.; General In
stitute and their officers and agents
at St. Louis, Mo.
The fraud order was based on a
finding of Post Office Department
Solicitor Karl A. Crowley. The de
partment said it showed that this
concern was selling "so-called civil
service correspondence courses through
the mails upon false and fraudulent
representations.”
WHEN WEST HAS A SALE-IT’S A REAL SALE
Announcement Extraordinary!
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, *

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