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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 06, 1938, Image 33

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Barry place, looking west from Georgia avenue. This picture shows a bit of old Cowtown.
" *■*- —
tiy John Clagett rroctor.
Although the houses in
Washington were numbered as
far back as nearly 84 years
ago, yet for many years the
city was so sparsely settled that the
people largely depended upon the
names given certain localities—gen
erally by common consent—in order
to And any particular person or build
ing. And this was easily done after
the locality was reached by simply
inquiring for the one you were look
ing for, since all the residents of a
given community knew one another,
end any dwelling wanted could eas
ily be pointed out or its location de
ter ibed.
The present system of house num
bering went into effect about 1868,
end this took the place of a system
that came into existence about 1854,
end prior to this signs were placed
on the houses at certain cross-streets
to direct those not familiar with the
city. But to those iyho had lived
here any length of time Burchs Hill,
Foggy Bottom, the Island, the Navy
Yard. Capitol Hill, the Six Buildings
end many other locality names meant
1 more than house numbers.
However, so far as the present or
younger generation is concerned, these
old names, now quite obsolete, can
mean but little, and were we to ask
•ny one but an old-timer the location
of Hell's Bottom, Swampoodle or Cow
town we would mast likely discover
their unfamiliarity with early Wash
ington history.
The two first-named places were
within the old city limits, while Cow
town wa»s beyond Florida avenue,
or Boundary street, as this thorough
fare once was called. Grant avenue,
row Barry place, was probably con
sidered as its southern line and it
extended north for a thousand or more '
feet. On the east it was bounded by
Seventh street road, or as we now j
call it Georgia avenue. Its western
line was Sherman avenue, except
for a small section of Barry place
that extended to Florida avenue.
pOWTOWN was not a large place
nor was it entirely built up when
the writer first knew it, and in recent
years many of the buildings which
formerly stood on the Georgia avenue
side of this section have been re- 1
moved for the Banneker Swimming
Pool and Community Center. And so
it can be seen that the place nas
been greatly changed from what, it
was in days gone by, when it was
•bout as independent a community
«s there was in the District of Co
Here every home owner had,one or
more cows and as many pigs and geese
as they could afford to keep, and as
for dogs and goats it would have taken
some one with a tabulating machine to
have arrived at the correct number. I
There were many horses, too, in this •
Community, for where a few peddled !
their milk by hand, the vast majority,
with very large routes, w'cre compelled
lo rely upon teams.
People who lived in Cowtown were
generally as law abiding as any of our
citizens, but when the occasion arose
they did know how physically to pro- i
teet their own interests, and never
hesitated to do so. In this connection.
It was always an interesting day—and
that day was a frequent one—when
Poundmaster Sam Einstein swooped
down on the animals running at large
tn this neighborhood. They then for
got their loyalty to government and
It was generally a case of "may the
test man win."
Up until 1871. when the territorial
form of government, went into effect,
the Levy Court looked after the wel
fare of the County of Washington,
which included Cowtown, and until
that time animals were permitted to
run at large—under certain restric
tions, of course. After Gov. Cooke
came into office, however, things took
on a different turn, and animals were
not permitted to run at large anywhere
Within the District.
This idea of justice did not strike
the residents just over the border line
es being right or fair, and every time
Einstein put in an appearance he had
to fight every inch of the way through
the place. He rarely came alone, but
usually stopped by the old station
house on Georgia avenue, a little north
pf the base ball park, on the opposite
•ide of the street, where he secured one
or two mounted policemen for protec
tion. In this way he usually carried
off a wagonload of animals which their
owners or some of their neighbors were
Unable to prevent being captured. But
tt was not unusual for the poundmaster
to have his head cut by a flying brick
or bottle, nor was it out of the ordinary
If a few arrests were made for resisting
the majesty of the law.
vv T THIS period the city itself was
not overly blessed with good
streets, and the county was consider
ably worse off. Before Sherman ave
nue was brouhgt to its present grade
It was rather a step hill, as one can
eee by the cut made alongside the
hospital property. This avenue then
terminated at Barry place and did
not run through to Florida avenue
as it does now. In wet weather it
was very muddy, and teams had
much difficulty in negotiating the
grade. Upon one occasion the writer
recalls seeing a wagon with a load
of hay stuck to the hubs at the bot
tom of the hill. It was intended for
eome one living near the top of the
hill, perhaps Owen Shugrue, who had
a number of cows and conducted an
extensive dairy business with the
help of Mrs. Shugrue, who did most
of the work.
When the wagon became stuck
there were but two horses hitched to
it, but gradually sympathizing by
standers added to this number from
their own stables until six or eight
horses were strung out in a line, al
ternately jerking and tugging away—
working as some people do, without
any concerted action or co-operation.
Seeing the mess that neighbors were
making of the predicament, John P.
Alcorn, who kept a grocery store at
the southeast corner of Barry place
and Florida avenue, went to his stable
and brought out two fine white mules,
which he said would pull the load up
the hill. The horses were all re
moved from the wagon and the two
mules substituted, and when Alcorn
said "Get up" they bent forward
with their bodies almost touching the
ground, and as the load began to move
they straightened up and carried it
up the hill on a run. It was Indeed a
mast beautiful sight.
Being steep, this hill made won
derful coasting when there was snow
on the ground, although it required
much skill to swing the sled into
Barry place, since houses then lined
the south side of the thoroughfare,
where the avenue now continues on
to the city.
In addition to the mule episode an
other thing which occurred there that
the writer will never forget was a
colored boy, in his bare feet, par
ticipating in the sport of coasting
down this hill. A few years later this
same boy was shot and killed, for
which his assailant was afterward
acquitted in court.
P'lPTY years ago Ninth street was
not cut through above Barry place
and Eighth street was called Wright
street. Down this street, or perhaps
paralleling it in places, ran Reedv
Branch, along which a number of
slaughter houses were located. This
stream had its source somewhere to
the north and flowed down the east
side of Sherman avenue in a narrow,
deep rut it had made. At about Eu
clid street it turned almost abruptly
into Eighth street, passing close to
where once stood the National Home
for Destitute Colored Women and
Children, which institution was erected
some 60 or more years ago.
One of the sights one will never for
get is the great droves of hogs, sheep
and cattle which were driven through
the streets of Washington to the j
slaughter houses that lined Reedy!
Branch, sometimes even spreading out
beyond the curb line onto the side- ;
walks. Legislation finally cured this j
evil, and everybody was better off and !
happier thereby. One of the sights,
however, which many will recall while
these slaughter houses were still in op
eration was the large number of oxtails
rommonlv seen thrown over the shoul
ders of the colored men who helped
to do the killing. No doubt they were 1
given them as part of their pay, but
now they are sold for making oxtail
soup, considered by many as a del
Another common sight around Cow
town in the early days was the cutting
of ice by the butchers for their ice
houses, and the writer recalls the large
quantities gathered by Henry Ruppert,
who had two meat stands, one in the
Center Market and another in the
Northern Liberty Market. His slaugh
ter house and residence occupied a
large piece of ground at the northeast
corner of Barry place and Sherman
avenue that extended to the top of the
hill. His home was of brick and was
one of the largest residences in this
neighborhood, and several ferocious
looking bloodhounds guarded the place
and kept away Intruders.
Nearly all of this area is now oc
cupied by colored families, and the
pioneer Irish and the few German
families that once lived hereabout
have long since moved elsewhere, and
many have passed into the great
beyond. However, many of their
descendants are still living in Wash
ington. Indeed, the writer went to
both private and public schools with
some of the sons and daughters of
this settlement and always found them
to be good and loyal friends. Many I
became prominent in various walks of i
life, and those who are still with us
and holding positions of trust may
be justly regarded as of the first
families of Washington.
gOUNDARY STREET—as many an
old Washingtonian still insists
upon calling Florida avenue—was,
with few exceptions, for many years
only covered with gravel, just like all
the streets in and around the city,
Picturesque Neighborhood Name Ranks
With Swampoodle and Hell’s Bottom
in Local Annals.
—- _
The original Government Printing Office.
automobile, was just as reckless and
needed just as much watching as the
careless and Inconsiderate automobile
driver does at present, and about the
only difference, if any, was that only
people of means had horses and car
riages, while now most any one can
afford an automobile.
It was then against the law “'to
drive any horse mare or gelding in
or on any street, avenue or alley of
this city at a pace faster than a
moderate trot or gallop, or to make
any attempt or trial of speed between
two or more horses.” If any one was
injured during a violation of this law.
the driver was subject to a fine of $20
and incarceration in the workhouse for
not less than 30 nor more than 90
Florida avenue proved a great
As the writer first knew the second
precinct on Seventh street road, It had
opposite it the Park Hotel, removed
only a few years ago and which at
one time was known as the Maryland
House, and where the ball grounds
are now was Beyer’s Park.
This was a well-wooded area con
taining many sturdy oaks of the forest
primeval. The amusements included
a dancing pavilion, bowling alleys, a
merry-go-round (that didn’t break
down) and other attractions. Upon one
occasion the writer witnessed foot
races there, and no doubt other sports
were included from time to time. Like
the Schuetzen Park a half mile farther
up the road, beer seemed to be the
greatest attraction, and the clang of
Sicampoodle prior to 1876, shoiving the section between North Capitol and First streets N.E.
Through the arch and under the bridge flowed the Tiber. The houses face H street.
but along in the 70s it was macadam
ised and became one of the best
stretches of roadway within the Dis
There has probably never been a
time when Washington has been
without its speeders, even in the
horse-and-buggy days. And thus it
has always had its speed regulations.
However, the man with a fast trotter
or pacer, before the advent of the
temptation to a man with a Rood
stepper, and many a driver contributed
to the city's exchequer for trying to
lower the record of Maud S.
Lt. James Johnson was then in
command of the old second police
precinct, and here the speeders were
taken by one of the well-mounted
police officers, who were always on
the lookout for lawbreakers, just as
the traffic police do today.
the big triangle which was struck
every time a new keg was tapped
could be heard for quite a distance
{luring the Civil War these grounds
in part were included in the territory
occupied by Campbell Hospital. After
the war the buildings were transferred
to Gen. Howard and were used for a
long time as the Freedmen's Hos
St. Aloysius Parochial School, built in 1866 at I street between North Camtol ana tirst szreerx * r.
►---ft A-'
'T'O THE north of the old station
were the Metropolitan Railroad
car bams, and a block to the west
ran Reedy Branch, in a southerly
direction. It was an open stream, at
least until 1871 or 1872, when it was
converted into a sewer. It was quite a
large stream at one time, and where
it crossed Florida avenue at Eighth
street a hand bridge was placed for
the use of pedestrians.
When quite young, the writer loved
to gather the beautiful pebbles and
stones to be found in this branch,
j and for many years the old parlor
what-not bore evidence of this child
ish delight.
When the Boundary sewer was com
pleted Reedy Branch was diverted into
it. This sewer was begun in 1879, and
when finished was the largest cylin
drical sewer in the world. At its
starting point at E street between
Seventeenth and Eighteenth streets
N.E. it is 22 feet in diameeter, inside
measurement. It extends along Flor
ida avenue from its Northeast start
ing point to about Eighth street N.W.
It was one of Washington's greatest
engineering feats and was construct
ed under the direction of Maj. Hoxie.
Swampoodle, of which much has
been written, had no exact boun
daries but may be said to have ex
tended in a general way several blocks
to the east of North Capitol street
and north and south of H street,
with the larger part lying to the
north of the latter thoroughfare.
The name with which this section \
was dubbed suggested itself, mast
naturally, by the swampy land on
either side of Tiber Creek, which
crossed H street about midway between
North Capitol and First streets N.E.
Much has been said, in a joking
way, of the early residents of this
part of the city, but seriously, the
worst anyone might say about them
would be that many of them were
poor, but hard-working people who
minded their own business and saw
to it that everybody else did the
same. They did not like the dog
catcher, nor did anyone else, and
they did not care for the policeman,
for they preferred to settle their dif
ferences among themselves without
any outside interference.
GENERALLY speaking, Swampoodle
was not eompased of teetotalers,
nor were the people here strictly of
the reverse tendency, though if called
upon to vote, would probably have
cast a wet ballot, and yet. as a mat
ter of fact, they probably did not
indulge in strong drink to any greater
extent than did the people of other
sections of the city. That they sent
their children to school and educated
them is evident, since many of them
became representative Washington
men and women, and this conclu
sively shows that they were not as
The original second precinct
police station, formerly at
what is today 2042 Georgia
black as painted. Indeed, if we could
push aside the curtain and see this
neighborhood as it was 50 years ago,
and become acquainted with the peo
ple there, we might say that, after
all, they were a mighty fine class of
Just where the Swampoodle boys
and girls received their early educa
tion one might only assume by the
schools in that vicinity.
On H street between Third and
Fourth streets N.E. there was a
wooden one-story building only used
as a school during the years 1879
and 1880. At one time it had a mar
ket house which was owned by the
District, the ground belonging to
Bennet H. Hill. The writer could
not find out any of the names of the
children who went to this school, but
there Is no doubt they resided right
in the "Poodle.”
Perhaps some of them went tn the
school at the corner of New Jersey
avenue and E street, several blocks
to the south, where, in 1878, the fol
lowing were sufficiently proficient to
receive certificates: Emest Hill,
Richard Cromwell. Frank Ourand.
Clinton Deno. Albert White, William
Boyd, Edward Smith. William Do
nath. James Cromwell. William Smith.
Harry Spottswood. Robert Bain, John
Wheeler. William Burk. Franchot
Boyd. Charles Schnaider, Stephen
Walsh, Mitchell Roxbury, Frederic
Reeves, Otto Selhausen. William Miles,
Allie Grant, George Heinecke, T. Ed
munds Turpin. William Lauxman,
Jerome Kaufman, Elmer Donn, Max
Blatzheim. Harry May, John Fitz
gerald. Henry Homing, Martin Mc
Cormick. William Phipps James La
porte, Harry Hodges, Harry Straus,
Lewis Moser, William Lazenbv, Rob
ert Wheeler. Ignatius Oorridon, Wil
liam McNall, Edward Evans, Frank
—- * ___
Beauty Added to Antiquity in Its Outward
Show of Unique Development From
Succeeding Layers of Races.
EDITOR S NOTE—This is the
third of a series of four articles
on Mexico by Mr. Lyon appear
ing in The Sunday Star.
By Gideon A. Lyon.
IN AN earlier contribution, I stated
that large and increasing numbers
of North Americans are going to
Mexico. Why should they go
there, may be asked. The answer is
easily given. They are going because
Mexico is attractive and interesting,
indeed, it is one of the most interest
ing places on the earth, and, furthfe''
more, it is easily accessible from th:
Why, it may be asked, is Mexico
interesting? What are its attractions?
In the first place, it is a land of
mystery, as well as of pronounced
beauty. Nobody really knows its story,
though anthropologists and anti
quarians. scientists of almost every
branch of learning, have been study
ing it for a long time. Various hypo
theses are offered as to the source of
its early population and its civiliza
tion. These hypotheses include the
theory that the earliest culture came
from Asia, by way of a “land bridge"
that some believe was long ago formed
by the now partially sunken Aleutian
Islands. And another theory is that
the earliest inhabitants came from
the Far Eastern world across a now
submerged continent which has been
given the name of “Mu.” It is be
lieved, furthermore, that there are
today in Mexico descendants from
races much older than even the
Nahuas and the Mayas.
The origin of the Mexican people
has been traced by various investiga
tors to the Mongols, the Tartars, the
Japanese, the Hindus, the Malays, the
Hebrews, the Carthaginians, the Irish,
the Welsh, the Australians, the
Eskimos, the Assyrians, the Persians,
the Egyptians and the Africans. About
all that is now conclusively known is
that, whatever the origin of the races
on the American Continent, it is to be
sought so far back in the past as to
have given time for blending and
subsequent division into sub-tongues
and dialects. There are still spoken
in Mexico today a score of distinct
aboriginal tongues and more than a
hundred dialects.
A ND there are in evidence, easily
reached by the tourist to the
Capital, monuments that plainly tell
the story of a remarkable culture,
great pyramids dedicated to the gods
of the early times, other massive struc
tures revealing knowledge of archi
tectural principles from which some
of the most striking constructions of
modern erection have been derived.
The land is strewn with these giant
works of the early Mexican!. Some
of them have been recovered from the
soil that was piled around them in
very early times. Two of them may be
reached within half an hour's driving
from Mexico City, the pyramids of the
Sun and Moon, with others believed
to be near at hand, still under their
earthen casings.
These are but a very few of the
numerous evidences of the early cul
ture of the Mexicans—to give them
their collective name of today, without
attempt to differentiate between the
Nahuas, who it is thought came from
the north, and the Mayas, who are
believed to have come from the south.
Archeologists have made an important
start in their excavation and study,
both in the neighborhood of the capital
and in Yucatan, where the ruins of
Chichen Itza are now easily reached
by the tourist who goes by sea to
Progresso and thence to Merida. In
creasing numbers are stopping off
there for the interval of a week be
tween steamers.
Deeply as have the scientific in
vestigators delved into the story of
Mexico, they have not reached the
real foundations of the present race.
Thus it remains still in large measure
a land of mystery, and mystery is al
ways fascinating. For instance, why
were the giant pyramids covered with
earth? Why, as at Cholula, was one
of the greatest of them thus covered,
chosen as the site for a church, spiring
far into the air and requiring the most
painful climbing to reach its portals?
Were the mountain peaks, especially
those that are perpetually snow-cov
ered, the models for the early creators of
these huge forms? Orizaba, the second
highest elevation on the North
American Continent, might well have
been thus taken as a type. Popocate
petl might as w£ll have been such an
inspiration in its earlier form, which
was more symmetrical than now, its
present peak being somewhat broken
by eruptions. And, by the way, one of
the tourist puzzles is the learning of
the correct pronunciation of Popo's
name, which is "Po-po-ca-tep-et-al,
with the accent on the “tep,” but
harder yet is the name of Popo's neigh
bor, generally called the Sleeping Lady
because of its resemblance to a re
clining figure. It is spelled Ixtacci
huatl, and, as far as I was able to
transliterate it, the proper pronuncia
tion is "Eet-za-see-wat-tel,” with the
accent on the “wat.” It is safer in
Mexico to refer to these always snow
capped peaks, respectively, as "Popo”
and "the Lady.”
gUT however came the models,
whether from innate sense of
huge proportion, or from a concept of
divine perfection, or from a natural
form, the pyramids of Mexico remain
as well worth visiting and studying at
close range. But woe be unto the tour
ist with faint heart or soft muscles
who essays to climb the Pyramid of the
Business block, Puebla.
Sun, at Teotihuacan. near the Capital.
He will ru$ his venture in hours of
later weariness and pain. These and
other climbs to the heights of man
made structures must be taken slowly
and with due regard for the hereafter.
But the heights are not all occupied
by monuments of antiquity—that is,
the early antiquity of aboriginal days.
Some of them are sites of towns and
even cities. Taxco is an example.
Situated about a hundred miles south
of the Capital, it is one of the most
fascinating places on this continent.
It is a veritable “hill town,” a cluster
of houses and churches clinging to the
steep slopes of the mountainside, with
a sweeping view of a far-flung plain.
It has become a favorite resort of
artists intent upon painting the Mex
ican scene, and no wonder, for there is
a picture at every turn. By some
miracle of urban engineering there are
two flat spaces in the town, each about
two or three acres in area. One of
these is the plaza—there is a plaza in
every Mexican town, whatever its size
—and the other is the market.
Whoever laid out Taxco—It is pro
nounced “'Taz-ko''—may have made a
good job of getting the most building
space out of the chosen area, but he
did not have any consideration for the
stranger. I demonstrated his negli
gence in this regard by getting quite
definitely lost there on the evening of
arrival, when I undertook to return
alone from the market to the hotel
where the party of which I was a mem
ber was quartered. I became thor
oughly confounded by the utter lack
of geometry in the town planning,
and the coming of the night made my
case a rather sorry one. I twisted and
turned, I climbed steep, narrow streets
over the rough cobbles, X asked my way
of natives without result, because they
had no English and I no Spanish, and
to make matters worse, I could not re
member the name of the hostelry.
Suddenly, however, the name of the
manager came to me, and after a
futile essay with a pulque-sodden
lounger in front of one of the numer
ous grog shops, I found a boy who rec
ognized that name and took me Just
around the comer to the hotel, where
I found the members of my party in a
sad state of nerves over my disap
pearance and about to organize a
rescue squad for my salvation. I have
no alibi for my misadventure, save the
choice of the founders of Taxco in
the matter of a site and my own false
confidence in my sense of direction.
gUT Taxco is well worth while. It
is old and it is beautiful. It is
worth even a half hour of panic—a
state to which I did not actually at
tain—for the visiting. And no wonder
that the artists go there for inspira
tion and subjects! My own particular
grievance is that my visit there co
incided with the period of lamentable
photographic lapse, to which I have
heretofore made discreet reference.
Hence I have no pictures of Taxco to
present, though there is a picture there
at every turn of its maze of narrow
Then, to carry on with the recital
of reasons for going to Mexico, there
is the drive westward to Acapulco from
Taxco, a day's trip through mountains,
over plains and desert land, again over
mountains, and finally the long slide
down to the Pacific, through forests
where parrots may be seen in the trees,
a sharp declension from the temperate
to the subtropical zone. There is no
lovelier sight in all America than the
view of the sea from the last scarp of
the Sierra Madre. There lies one of
the finest harbors in the world, cele
brated in song and story, a deep nat
ural basin protected from the power
of the Pacific, big enough to float one
of the great navies, bordered by hills
covered with verdure, two beautiful
Majestic Mountain Slopes, With Spreading
Plains, Provide Home for People Who
Reach to Unknown Origins.
bathing beaches, and from the heights
to the west, where the shore breaks
down abruptly to the sea. one looks
straight across in the direction of
Manila, with the assurance that noth
ing lies between save a few atolls sev
eral thousand miles out in the mid
This reference to the drive to Aca
pulco brings up the matter of the roads
of that country. Like the curate's egg,
parts of them are excellent. The other
parts are pretty bad. but they are being
improved. The road from Taxco to
Acapulco, for instance, is now under
reconstruction for a distance of 25 to
30 miles in the desert region, and the
going there is not so very good, with
numerous and rather rough "divigac
ciones,” or detours. But the work
progresses steadily, if somewhat slowly,
in the Mexican manner, and by next
season, if there is no interruption due
to another change of government—
something that is always to be dis
counted in every calculation — tjie
whole route from Mexico City to the
Pacific coast will be in first-class order,
as good a road as any motorist can
reasonably ask. Just such a road, I
am assured, is that which runs from
Laredo on the Texas border down to
the capital, a three-day route with
every necessary accommodation for the
A NOTHER drive from Mexico City is
to be urged upon every tourist,
that over to Puebla by way of Chulola.
The round trip is about 170 miles, an
easy day's driving with time out for
sight-seeing. First we crossed the
plain of the east, that plain which
was once the bed of a great lake
and which is now marshy in places.
Round about in a great circle rise the
distant mountains, sentinels for the
capital, once the shore line of the lake.
Presently these are reached, and then
begins an hour’s climb, a tnrilling
series of sweeping curves, with vista
glimpses now of the capital gleaming
m the morning sun and again of the
snowy heights of "Popo” and "The
Lady.” On the city side spreads a
great fertile plain, cut into broad fields
under tillage. The mountains are thick,
ly wooded, the road is in first-class
order, and the car makes the curves
with the steadiness that comes from
well-banked pitches.
Closer and closer come “Popo” and
“The Lady.” The tokens of their vol
canic activities in the past become
evident. The higher mountain, Popo,
bears a huge scar on the southern
flank, a crater evidently due to a
titanic eruption. No aspiration to
climb that thickly snow-strewn height
is felt. Of course, it has been climbed
many times, but that is a fancy that
has never appealed to me. I do not
recommend a Popo climb as one of
the reasons for going to Mexico.
Presently we come to Cholula, prob
ably the most be-ehurched city for its
size in the world. In this town—for it ,
is little more than that—there are no
less than 365 churches, one for every
day in the year, the driver guide ac- ;
commodatmgly remarks. We visited
three or four of them, entering them j
after some hunting around to find the
custodians of the keys.
Inasmuch as practically all of these
churches are "out of commission.” ow- j
ing to certain restraints imposed by 1
the present government, one is likely
to wonder at the intricacy of the key
keeping system, until it becomes evi
dent. upon a quiet intimation from
the guide, that the custodian of the I
hour expects a small stipend. So it
appears that the keeping of the keys
is more than the avocation of a dev
otee. I do not know whether this sys
tem prevails in all of the 365 cases. It
does, for a certainty, at the church
which crowns the greatest height in
the town, an ancient pyramid, built by
one of the long-ago races and at some
Indeterminate time covered with earth
and then centuries later capped with
this jewel of architecture, which at a
little distance is reminiscent of one
of Maxfleld Parrish's delightful illus
I climbed this big hill, which is
nearly 200 feet in height, going up by
a broad stone-cobbled winding ramp.
From the top is afforded a glorious
view of the plain below, sweeping
across the many miles to the distant
line of mountains, and perhaps 50
miles to the east is Orizaba, its white
cone shining in the sun. That alone
was worth the whole day's effort.
gUT there was Puebla yet to be 6een,
and Puebla must be seen, however
hurried the tourist may be. It is the
second largest city in Mexico, and one
of the most attractive. I cannot enu
merate its particular features. It is in
some respects better ordered than
Mexico City. Its cathedral is far finer
and in better condition than that at
the capital, which in truth is in a very
sorry state of disrepair. Then there
Is a veritable puzzle building, an old
convent recently taken over by the
government, and its hidden chambers
and secret passageways brought to
view. A brilliant array of beautiful
old vestments assembled in some of
the rooms tells the pitiful story of a
disestablishment that marks a vital
change in the life of the people.
Popo and The Lady look down upon
these scenes of change, just as they
looked down centuries ago upon the
coming of the Spaniards, and many
more centuries before that as they
looked down upon the coming of the
Nahuas and the Mayas. Mexico has
changed in its human aspects many
times, but it remains in its physical
form as it was before the dawn of his
tory. And that is one of the charms!
of the land of Moctezuma that draw {
the visitor from afar, by road, by rail, j
by sea and by air.
Barr. George Sacks, Thomas Inright
and Edgar Flynn.
^"JTHERS, no doubt, went to St.
Aloysius’ Parochial School, on I
street between North Capitol and
First streets northeast, built in 1868,
and others went to similar private
schools, while some may have gone
to the Seaton Building, still stand
ing, while the school on H street
between Second and Third streets
would have proven equally convenient.
Some of the girls who attended
the school on H street between Sej*
ond and Third, taught by Mar; a
Garst, w’ere: Estelle Yost, Harriet
D. Tubman, Delia Heidenheimer,
Mercy S. Sinasbaugh, Anna L. Dor
sey, Annie C. Clary, Isabel G. Clarke.
Eva A. Scott, Annia A. Amrem,
Juanita Ross, Mary Marr, Marie Wag
ner, Fannie L Henkle. Emma B.
Greenland, Addle V. Benson. Eva M.
Knowles, A. Mary Jakob, Marion K.
Prince, Mary D. Stetson, Sarah C.
Rogers, Ada D Atkinson, Isabel John
son, Bertha Kaufman, Kate Walker,
Carrie E. Kaiser, Alesanna Lee Ev
erett, Eliza A Slaughter, Phoebe V.
Hebrew, Bertha Sickle, Hattie H.
Smith, Lilly M. Cohen. Louise H.
Lefevre and Georgia M. Harrison.
'Y'HE Nation's Government Printing
Office borders closely on Swam
poodle, and many of its early employes
were residents of that section. Just
who they were and where they lived
the writer cannot say. But of the
many employes who were working on
the Congressional Record in 1881
some might have resided in this neigh
borhood. The list includes E. W.
Oyster, assistant foreman m charge,
and E. W. Beach, assistant, and the
following office force: Sidney F. Bates,
S. N. Bennerman, James G. Boss, W.
S. Brooks. Stephen Caldwell, J. F
Campbell, W. R Chipley. J. Warren
Conrad, A1 Cottle. C M. Cyphers.
Charles F. Depue, W. H. Dexter, Wil
liam L. Dickinson, John B. Dick
man i now serving as president of
Columbia Union. No. 101). C. N. Dins
more, T. M. Donn, D R. Doyle, J. M.
Eggleston, H. G. Ellis. A. L. Etter.
Daniel V. Fenton. J. G. Forney. Jos
eph E. Frost, P. P. Glass. G. Wilmer
Graham, Charles B Hemingway, S.
M. Kearns, John Law, Charles H.
Lewis, F. M. Lewis. N. M. Light, B.
F. Mann, O. F. Mattingly. Thomas
J. Mattingly, J. A. McCarthy, H. A.
McDonald, Frank A. McGill, A. Mc
Nelly, E. Mendenhall, C. J. Miles, B.
Mills. J. B. Montgomery. Ed Morgan,
C. S. Myers, W H Myers. G, W. Neill,
Melvin Noyes, Heber Painter. W. R.
Ramsey, James B. Rogers. E J. Rus
sell, Charles M. Sanderson, M. J.
Sherk. A. A. Shissler. Thomas C.
Simpson, George Spencer. L. P. Strad
lev, John P Swigeard. W. C. Talley,
John W. Thomas, F. B Wallace.
Charles W. Walker, W. F Walsmith.
Charles N. Warren. H. L. Watson,
George A. Webster, W. J Weiss, F. A.
West. W. V. Winans. William E. Win
ston and H. L. Work.
The most outstanding religious land
mark in the vicinity of Swampoodle is
St. Aloysius Church, dedicated In
1859, at a time when there were few
houses nearby. Shortly after this the
Civil War came on, and in order to
provide hospitals for the sick and in
jured many of the churches of the city
were taken over for this purpose.
Naturally, the time soon came when
this church could not longer be made
an exception, and so. on September 9.
1862, when the maimed and Injured
began to arrive from the Bull Run
battlefield and the hospital situation
in Washington was actually critical,
the dreaded demand for the church
was made. Rev. Bernard F. Wiget.
S. J. was then in charge of St. Aloy
sius ' Church, as well as Gonsaga Col
lege. and he proved more than equal
to the occasion, for he offered to build
a hospital for the Government if the
beautiful church was spared, and this
was agreed to and the terms carried
out to the letter.
One of the mast important events to
take place in this noble edifice was the
marriage of Minnie Ewing Sherman,
daughter of Gen. William T. Sherman,
to Lieut. Thomas W. Fitch, U. S. N ,
at a time when Gen. Sherman was re
siding at 205-7 I street N.W.. the housa
having previously been occupied by’
Gen. U. S. Grant.
(Continued From Page C-4.)
cesses, and their contacts with us In
one way or another.
IN ADDITION to the serial programs,
the project has created a script
exchange, a file of more than 100
manuscripts of radio plays and
sketches of educational merit and
proved excellence. These are avail
able on request to schools and
churches and other groups.
Records, moreover, on short-lived
discs have been made of each per
formance of the "Brave New World"
series, so that they may be referred
to or reproduced for some educational
purpose in the future, so far as means
The "creative treatment of actuality*
Is the touchstone (and the motto,
which hangs behind the desk of the
assistant director) of this unique en
terprise in education by air. If it
is propaganda, it is very definitely
propaganda of the right sort in a
democracy which has any understand
ing of, or faith in its own foundations.
Prof. Doyle, one of the advisers of
ihe project, remarked recently to the
"In my judgment this is one of the
most encouraging undertakings of the
Qovemment and mo6t valuable enter
prises of the Office of Education that
[ know of. It is something new un
der the educational and political sun
for a great government to be spend
ing money for the Increase of political
md cultural sympathy with its
veighbors Most governments con
duct propaganda to the end of ln
sreasing international distrust, sus
picion or alarm."
It is Just possible, if the nation*
vad more of this kind of education
m the air and otherwise that they
would need fewer battleships. Is It not?

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