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OPPOSES NAVY BILL
Asks Approval Be Withheld on Declared Policy of Defense Needs. B» the Associated Press. The first woman member of Con gress, opposing an $800,000,000 expan sion of the Navy, told Congress today that ‘wholly abnormal” warship build ing by the United States would “in tensify international tensions” and speed the world toward war. Former Representative Jeannette Rankin, legislative secretary of the National Council for Prevention of War, led o flthe opposition to President Roosevelt’s proposal to increase the fleet 20 per cent. She called on the committee to withhold approval "until the demands can be judged on the basis of a de clared policy of defense only and of a determination of our defense needs.” “It is the responsibility of this coun try’,” Miss Rankin said, “to set the precedent of a national military policy of defense only." She said the President's demand for “large armament increases" presents Congress with an opportunity to end “the present uncertainty as to what our foreign policy is." nas worm reave m mind. Charles A. Beard, historian and author, told the committee President Roosevelt had in mind maintenance of world peace "by the force of American arms and diplomacy” when he advocated the naval increase. Although he said he "accepted Sec retary Hull's statement that the United States has no alliances with foreign powers, Mr. Beard said the President's program has "no meaning save as one step in the direction of applying his quarantine doctrine to Europe and Asia.” "Next year Congress will be called upon to take the next step,” he said. To Mr. Beard's expressed fears that the President would use the increased Navy to "implement some changed foreign policy,” Representative Mass, Republican, of Minnesota, replied that no part of the program could be con structed during Mr. Roosevelt's term of office. Mr. Beard questioned what he called the President's demand for general mobilization legislation in connection with Navy expansion, asking whether this was necessary m a program de scribed as solely for defense. “The President wants an Army and a Navy to back up his plans for world peace,” Mr. Beard asserted. Stephen Raushenbush, author, re search man and former chief investi gator for the Senate Munitions Com mittee, advocated consideration of a specific defense policy before action Is taken on the pending bill. Path of Bill Seen Smoother. Senate chieftains, meanwhile, re garded Secretary Hull’s denial of a naval understanding with England as helping smooth the legislative path for the expansion program. Democratic Leader Barkley of Ken tucky predicted the Secretary of State's reply to questions of Senator Johnson, Republican, of California would "cut the ground out from un der” some of the Senate opposition. Hull said there was no agreement to operate the United States fleet in con junction with Great Britain or any other country, or to use the fleet in patrol duty. Barkley commented this should silence opponents, who had feared a large Navy was to be built to police the world. Hull added a denial that there was any understanding with England re lating to possible war developments. President Roosevelt had advocated, in his Chicago speech, a "quarantine”’ of eggresor nations, but Barkley said this was an expression of American policy only. STORM BREAKS LINK WITH ICE-CAMPERS Three Russian Ships Speeding to Location of Camp Off Green land Coast. By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Feb. 9.—A magnetic storm today interrupted contact be tween the outside world and the four Soviet "North Pole” campers whose perilous perch on a dwindling ice cake was in danger of being crushed by pack ice off the east coast of Green land. Three Russian ice-breakers, strug gling through heavy seas and the Arc tic darkness to reach the scientists, with the nearest still several days away, said the magnetic storm which began Tuesday had thwarted efforts to maintain radio communication with the camp They said it probably would continue several days. The fourth ice-breaker assigned to the far-flung rescue effort, the Yer mak, had steam up to start from Kronstadt, on the Gulf of Finland. Flyers aboard the ships were pre paring to put eight airplanes Into the air to speed the rescue. Wed 55 Years FORMER PENNSYLVANIA COUPLE TO CELEBRATE HERE. MR. AND MRS. JOHN D. PAUL Of 762 Rock Creek Church road, who celebrated their 55th wedding anniversary yesterday at the home of their daughter and son-in law, Dr. and Mrs. C. B. Allen, at 1618 Juniper street N.W. Mr. and Mrs. Paul were mar ried at Carlisle, Pa. _—Harris-Ewing Photo. Rogers Seeks to Keep $25,000 Gift _1_____ ___ l* ,, Huddleston Rogers, jr. (center), son of the late Standard Oil magnate, went to court yesterday at New York in an attempt to keep $25,000 he said he got from his father in return for a promise to quit drinking. His former wife, Mrs. Virginia Lincoln Rogers Waters (left) and his father s former wife, Mrs. Basil Miles (right), said they’d testify for young Rogers. Estate attorneys contend the $25,000 was a loan. The trio is shown as they waited for the case to be called.___—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. SOUGHTINFRANCE Strengthened African Navy Bases Provided For in New Budget. BACKGROUND— Race for rearmament begun after expiration of London and Wash ington naval treaties has led Brit ain, France, United States, Italy and Japan to accelerate building programs. France has announced two more battleships will be butlt to balance Italian plans for addi tion of two 35,000-ton ships to their fleet. United States now has two more battleships under construction and two more projected as part of a 20 per cent increase in the United States Navy. By the Associated Press. PARIS, Feb. 9.—France's already vast armaments budget has been re vised to provide for 1,000 new fighting planes this year, strengthened French African naval bases and the start of a military highway across Algeria to Italian Libya's frontier, sources close to the fighting services said today. Defense Minister Edouard Daladier will ask a 20 per cent increase in 1938 armaments spending, these 'sources said. Such an increase would be 4,000,000,000 francs (about $133,330, 000) above the 22.000,000,000 francs (about $733,333,333) already approved by Parliament. The additional expenditure would make possible the 1,000 planes, imme diate construction of two 35,000-ton battleships, naval base construction and increased mechanization of the army. Deputies Await Program. Chamber Deputies awaited Dala dier’s presentation of the program be fore today s Joint meeting of chamber Army. Navy and Air Committees with the prediction that enabling bills would be presented before the end of the week. Completion of a new naval base at Mers-el-Kebir, on the Bay of Oran, Algeria, would be hastened under Da ladier’s plan. Work was begun in 1935 at a cost of 275,000,000 francs (about $9,166,666;. The new base would complete a trianble of French bases, with Bizerta and Toulon in the Mediterranean. Bizerta, in Tunisia, is only 150 miles from Sicily and less than an hour by air from the Italian airplane bases and is considered vulnerable in the event of trouble with Italy. Construction of a naval base at Agadir on the Atlantic Coast of Morocco also would be started, it was said, for use in case French shipping was forced to take the cape route to the Orient if an enemy controlled the Mediterranean in war time. Strategic Highway Projected. A strategic military highway from the Atlantic Coast of Morocco across Algeria to the Tunisian frontier with Italian Libya also is expected to be constructed. Purchase of the 1,000 fighting planes would assure France 3.400 first line ships by the end of 1938 and 4,000 by the end of 1939 under present plans. French military experts declare Italy had 2,100 ships at the beginning of 1938 and that Germany had 2,600 first line craft. 58 U. S. PLANES ARRIVE Guatemala Accords Army Flyers 21-Gun Salute. GUATEMALA CITY, Guatemala, Feb. 9 (JP).—a fleet of 58 United States Army planes on a goodwill flight across Central America landed here yester day. They were from the Army’s Canal Zone base. A 21-gun salute was accorded the flyers as they arrived at the airport, where a tremendous crowd, including high government officials, welcomed them. W. P. A. Writers Widely Traveled Henry G. Alsberg, director of the W. P. A. writers’ project, estimated today that project writers have trav eled 1,000,000 miles gathering ma terial for a series of American guide books. I • ESTABLISHED 1865 • § I YOUR PROPERTY j | Is Like Your Auto | ^ To ovoid depreciation in value || f and to get maximum service, f 1 you must keep it in repair. I p Moke your replacements of § 0 quality materials at prevailing p | low prices. A stitch in time I P saves nine! Let Barker advise p p you what to do and haw to do p ^ it . . . economically. Igeo. m. barker] 1 • COMPANY • I LUMBER am/Ml LLWORK I 649-651 N. Y. Ave. N.W. 1 1523 7th St. N.W. 1 f Net. 1348, 'The Umber Number" | Big Wind IRISH PLAYWRIGHT WALKS FOR EXERCISE. GEORGE BERNARD SHAW. The author and playwright, finds it strenuous work as he walks against a strong wind in Whitehall Gardens, Lon don. —Wide World Photo. REBEL TROOPS REST IN OFFENSIVE TO SEA 230 Square Miles of Territory Claimed Captured Besides Thou sands of Prisoners. Bj the Associated Press. HENDAYE, France. Feb. 9.—Span ish insurgents completed the "first stage” of an attempted push to the sea through government-controlled Eastern Spain and halted today to bury their dead and take inventory of captured prisoners and supplies. The Franco forces counted 230 square miles qf territory gained in a four-day offensive north of Teruel, and an insurgent communique said thousands of prisoners, much muni tions and supplies were taken. The offensive was coupled with re sumption of insurgent aerial raids in the territory along the Mediterranean, which Is the stronghold of govern ment Bpain. Six Italian-type planes dropped 70 bombs on Sagunto yesterday. Casual ties were undetermined. ' Barcelona sirens sounded at dinner time and the city was darkened last night, but bombers attacked Castel de Fels, a few miles to the south. Beiter Advocates Coins as Warning On Auto Accidents By the Associated Press. Representative Beiter, Demo crat, New York, proposed yester day that the Government issue 3-oent coins warning the public against the danger of automobile accidents. Beside reducing the number of accidents, he said, the coins would be handy in buying news papers and paying State sales taxes. Result Foregone Conclusion. Employment Relief Is Real Test. By the Associated Press. BELFAST, Northern Ireland, Feb. 9.—The six Protestant-ruled counties of Ulster, North Ireland, voted today on the Issues of uniting with Ireland and what to be about unemployment. Fo'r Prime Minister Viscount Craiga von, the general election was the sev erest test of his 71-year political career and he asked a vote of confidence on his opposition to uniting the two Ire lands. Real Test on Relief. But, including Craigavon's Unionists, four of the live contesting parties op posed union, and it was on the issue of employment relief that the real test of strength seemed likely. Early balloting was orderly, although those trying to vote before going to work jammed the polling places. Polls were to close at 8 p.m. <3 p.m. E. S. T ), but even general results will not be known until tomorrow, probably about 7 p.m. (2 p.m. E. S. T.). Counting does not begin until 9 a.m. tomorrow for nine divisions and later for others. In the last Parliment, Lord Craig avon's government held 37 of 52 seats. There were 64 candidates for 31 contested seats in Parliament. Four teen of Lord Craigavon's party were unopposed, as were six Nationalists and one Labor Party member. The government opposition blamed Craigavon's administration for unem ployment, and hoped on that plank to reduce the government majority, perhaps to turn out the Unionists al together. Northern Ireland generally has op posed any union with Ireland, former ly the Irish Free State and governing as a republic, but the question was given new impetus by recent London talks between Ireland's Prime Minister Eamon de Valera and British govern ment offiicals. De Valera long has advocated Join ing Ireland, and had sought without apparent success to make the ques tion a point in the London talks, which dealt primarily with trade and defense questions. CURRENCY AND PRICES OUT IN PACT PARLEYS Stanley Tells House of Commons Matters Won’t Come Up In U. S. Trade Talks. Py t*ie Associated Press. LONDON. Feb. 9.—Oliver Stanley, president of the Board of Trade, said in the House of Commons yesterday that forthcoming Anglo-American trade negotiations would not consider the problems of international currency stabilization and of world price levels. When a member asked Stanley if he thought a •'mere agreement to reduce certain traifls is going to be of any value” without some understanding on those problems, Mr. Stanley replied: “I quite agree as to the Importance of these other matters, but they are not necessarily appropriate matters for a trade agreement.” limit I PAINT COMPANY I 609 C SNrtUW. l| MHrftblSO J| Have Your MATTRESSES —Sterilized —1Cleaned —Made Buoyant —Reticked —'Returned in eight hours —Cost only $5 up ZABAN’S National 9410 1215 22nd St. N.W. NAtlonol 9410 NANKING DISORDER MS REPORTED More Than 10 Japanese Have Been Court-Mar tialed, It Is Said. By thy Associated Press. SHANGHAI, Feb. 9.—Shinrokuro Hidaka, ranking Japanese diplomat in China, announced today that "more than 10 Japanese soldiers have been court-martialed and punished lor breaches of military discipline" at Nanking. Conditions at the conquered Chinese capital had brought protests from the United 8tates Government. The most recent protest came after John M. Allison, in charge of the United States Embassy at Nanking, was slapped by a Japanese soldier. (The Chicago Dally News re ported that the maximum penalty meted out on the charges of rape and the looting of Chinese and foreign property in Nanking was eight years in Jail. The Japanese sentry who slapped the face of Mr. Allison was not in this group, it was said, the investigation of the slapping remaining incomplete.) Hidaka, Charge d'Affaire.s at Shang hai who returned today from an in vestigation at Nanking, said he had conferred with Mr. Allison and found pleasant relations prevailing between Japanese army officials and the Amer ican diplomat. General conditions at Nanking, where foreigners had complained that unruly Japanese soldiers had seised foreign property and shown disrespect to foreign nationals, were described by Hidaka as improved. Japanese Poised at Six Points. Japanese armies were poised mean while at six points on the Far East war map for a giant campaign to crush Chiang Kai-shek's legions and swallow the fertile heart of Eastern China. The magnitude of the campaign which has been in the making since the first shot was fired seven months ago became apparent through new military movements. Japanese military headquarters dis closed the zero hour was approaching in a communique which said: "The troops, with rearranged posi tions and with morale growing stronger, are Impatient for further operations.” The Japanese grand objective was to bottle up 400.000 Chinese troops along the Lunghai Railway and con quer the corridor which has kept them from piecing together the Japanese occupied areas in North China and the Yangtze River Valley. For weeks the Japanese have edged into position for the offensive in a series of victories attributed by the | army to "the prestige and virtues of the Emperor and the loyalty and valor of Japanese forces.” Chinese Are Heartened. But Chinese, facing a six-way at tack on the corridor some 300 miles long and 180 to 200 miles wide, found cheer in these developments: Their troops at the south central fringe of the corridor have kept Japa nese south of the Hwai River; per sistant guerrilla attacks behind Japa nese lines have hampered Nippon's movement of reinforcements and sup plies; China's air force has grown; a steady stream of planes and war - materials has reached Central China from the south. Two Japanese columns were aimed at the southern border ^f the Lung hai corridor and four were in position ! on the north. Most of the Chinese 1 force of 400.000 was said to be in the eastern half of the corridor. j TRIO VANISH ON BORDER; i Two Estonian Guards and Sled Driver Disappear in Soviet. LONDON, Feb. 9 (£’).—A Reuter’s (British news agency) dispatch from Tallinfi. capital of Estonia, said the second Estorflan-Soveit border incident within three weeks came to light to day—the disappearance of two Es tonian frontier guards and their dog sled driver near frozen Lake Peipus, southwest of Leningrad. The three vanished yesterday, and today Soviet authorities informed the Estonian government they had been j killed “in an exchange of fire” in Soviet territory. Pride of London Zoo The London Zoo is quite proud of this baby giraffe, the first born in England in 23 years. Its parents are a Birange pair from Kenya Colony._—Wide World Photo. Thorough Co-ordination of Foreign Office by Rib bentrop Seen. By the Associated Press. BERLIN. Feb. 9.—A Nazi spokes man last night forecast a thorough going "co-ordination” of the foreign office under Joachim von Ribbentrop. He said it would be designed to insure its functioning as a real Nazi organi zation from the foreign minister down to the last clerk in the smallest far away legation. There was considerable speculation among diplomats over when Von Rib bentrop would assume his new duties as foreign minister. He replaced the conservative Baron Konstantin von Neurath, who became chairman of the secret cabinet council in last week's governmental and army shake-up. Date Not Yet Certain. It had been understood that Von Ribbentrop would begin functioning today, but later it was said that he would officially move into the foreign nffice Friday. Last night the foreign office spokesman said the date was not yet certain. Ordinarily the retiring foreign min ister would remain in office until his successor took charge. However, hundreds of members of the diplo matic corps who previously had re ceived invitations from Von Neurath to receptions February 10 and 12 were notified today that these recep tions had been called off. The original invitations came from Von Neurath as foreign minister, while the engraved cards announcing the cancellations omitted that title. Without Foreign Minister. With Von Neurath no longer sign ing himself as foreign minister and Von Ribbentrop not officially in charge, German technically seemed to be without a foreign minister for the moment. The Nazi spokesman said that while such a situation might be "interest ing.” there was no political significance to it. He explained that Von Ribben trop merely was going to London to say good-by there before officially taking charge here. Bognor Lodge, in Bognor Regis, England, where Queen Victoria spent her childhood holidays, may be razed. NAZI FOR DEFENSE Accused German Clergyman Discharges Three Former Attorneys. B» the Associated Press. BERLIN, Feb 9.—The Nazi state to day named an attorney of its own choice to defend the Rev, Martin Niemoeller. militant Protestant leader on trial charged with inciting to dis obedience and other offenses against the Nazi regime. The way was cleared for this turn of the trial of the arch-foe of the Nazi church program when it developed Rev. Mr. Niemoeller himself had dis missed the three attorneys hitherto conducting his defense and with drawn their mandates. Secrecy Cloaks Motives. Secrecy surrounding the trial also cloaked the pastor’s motives, but it was understood Rev. Mr. Niemoeller, who had hoped to defend himself in full publicity, was gravely disappointed b» failure to keep the courtroom open t“the public. He was reported to have told friends that if he was to be judged in secret he would act like Jesus before Pilate and make no reply to the accusa tions. The state declared the trial in suspension until the official defense attorney, whose name was not dis closed, could study the case. Two sessions already had been held, with Rev. Mr. Niemoeller bitterly protesting against secrecy, and the next had been scheduled for February 11. The special court trying Rev. Mr. Niemoeller. who was jailed last July 1, said “it is considered of prime importance that the trial be con ducted in accordance with the rules of legal procedure." The pastor's attitude was not an nounced, but his friends believed he would ignore the state-chosen attor ney. _I COHSW becornj waste soft *°d end Nujof* s-£?-r jgtHUK.U ^Always worth asking for.., this . J rich, mellow, balanced flavor!... So he sure to order it by name t _ _■ Distributed bjr REINER DISTRIBUTING COMPANY ! list St N.W. Telephone WEsi Visit to France Is Believed Aimed at Balancing Hitler Journey. Bt the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 9.—King George's state visit to France next June was considered here today to be a planned demonstration of the close political ties between Europe's leading democra cies. Political observers were quick to point out that the monarch’s first journey outside the realm since his coronation last May would serve to balance the German Fuehrer Hitler's springtime visit to Fascist Rome. Press Hails Trip Plans. The London Press generally hailed as politically significant the an nouncement that King George and Queen Elizabeth would spend four days in France, visiting President Al bert Lebrun In Paris from June 28 to July 1. Commentators held the visit a log ical step to symbolize the ties between Britain and France—Britain's bul wark against possible aggression from the Continent. King May Meet Duke. One newspaper, the Daily Express, gave consideration to the possibility of a meeting between the King and his brother, the Duke of Windsor. The two have not met since Edward abdicated and went into voluntary exile and George succeeded to the throne. The Duke and Duchess have moved recently into a villa just outside Paris. Well-Informed quarters thought It likely, however, that arrangements had been made for them to be absent from France during King George’s visit. Bovs Find Gold in Park. While playing in the Tiergarten, Berlin's popular park, two boys found a glass bottle half buried in the ground. They dug it up and learned that it was filled with gold pieces valued at about $320. They reported their find to the police, who are in vestigating. FAMOUS ATHLETE’S WAY TO BOOST VITALITY WbyRInyoneL Runninga%mile in record time takes plenty of vitality. But so do housework and office duties. So what crack runner Joe Man gan says about renewing vital ity comes right home to the rest of us too: “I restore and keep up vital ity by drinking Tea. Tea is refresh ing, invigorating.” Joe Mtngar Feel better—work better—play bet ter-just try delicious, vitalizing Tea today! For real flavor and vitaliz ing effect, remember that good Tea (Orange Pekoe and Pekoe) comes from India, Ceylon, and Java Sumatra. These good black Teas arc especially suited to the Americar taste. For economy and full enjoy ment, buy quality Tea. St. Valentina Day, Monday, February 14 Fresh, Homemade dlawrue/erfbttoi CANDIES' America’s Finest Homemade Candies 5Qclb—2 "’*• $1 FANNIE MAY HEART BOXES PAPER HEARTS 11 SATIN hearts (3 Voriatiaa) 2 lbs-$1.85 2 lbs.-$1.40 3 |bs-$3.00 2 lbs. gold-$1.50 ZA 3 lbs_$2.25 5 lbs-$4.50 We Mail Candy Anywhere—Insured Free 7. Fannie May Candy Shops 3305 14th St. N.W. MAIN STORE 1406 N.Y. Ava. N.W. 1704 Pa. Aye. N.W. and Factory 1354 F St. N.W. 621 F St. N.W. 1010 E St. N.W. 1317 E St. N.W.