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<U. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.* Cloudy tonight and tomorrow; rain or snow tomorrow; minimum tonight about 27; gentle north winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 38. at 3 p.m.; lowest, 26, at 7:10 a.m. Pull report on page A-2. Closing Net* York Markets, Page 16 The only evening paper in Washington with the Associated Press News and Wirephoto Services. (*>) Means Associated Press. 86th YEAR. No. 34,2^9. WASHINGTON, D. Q., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1938 -THIRTY-SIX PAGES. Inured ae second elau matter TtlDT’T’ nfVfTO pit ottce, Waahlnaton. D. C. -LJtlXlEE CE^NTS* 2,000 NAZIS FREED BY AUSTRIA UNDER REICU DOMINATION Reorganized Cabinet, With Three Hitlerites, Takes Charge in Vienna. FIVE YEARS OF TERROR BELIEVED NOW AT END Fatherland Front Membership Is Beopened to Let National Socialists Join. BACKGROUND— Surprise meeting of Reichs/uelirer Adolf Hitler and Austrian Chan cellor Kurt von Schuschnigg last Saturday at former's retreat at Berchtesgaden in Bavaria believed at that time due to efforts of Mus solini. Consultation on Austro German accord of 1936 resulted in agreement for Nazis to enter Vienna cabinet rrJiile Hitler undertook to respect the independence of Aus tria and refrain from supporting Nazis in Austria. By <he Associated Press. VIENNA. Peb. 16.—More than 2.000 amnestied Nazi convicts began leaving Austrian prisons and concentration ramps today as a reorganized cabinet with Nazi influence in a powerful role assumed control of the republic's destinies. Their release was one of the first results of the sweeping governmental changes wrought by Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg at the behest of the leaders of Austria's powerful northern and southern neighbors, Reichsfuehrcr Hitler and Premier Mussolini. Some circles spoke of Austria as the puppet of the two totalitarian leaders as the new cabinet, containing a close friend of Hitler, two men avowedly friendly to Nazi Germany and two nationalists came into power. Changes Follow Meeting. The changes resulted from Satur day's Berchtesgaden meeting of the German and Austrian chancellors and the advice of the Italian Premier. By these changes Austria was rep resented as having bought ‘'internal peace and amity abroad”—the ap proval and support of two powerful neighbors and promises of new guar antees of her independence. The five years of strife, terrorism, propaganda and sabotage for which the amnestied Nazis had been sen tenced were considered at an end, with these offenses excused overnight and new peace between Austrian fac tions in prospect. The change also was considered to have dashed hopes of the monarchists for a restoration of the House of Hapsburg to the Austrian throne. Some sources set as high at 3,000 the number affected by the amnesty, including those convicted or facing sentences for illegal activity as mem bers of the Nazi party. Some of those amnestied were in volved in the Socialist uprising of February, 1934. and the subsequent abortive Nazi putsch in which Chan cellor Engelbert Dollfuss was mur dered. Hitler Friend in Cabinet. Most striking development was the admission into the cabinet of Hitler's personal friend. Arthur Seysz-Inquart, pro-Nazi Nationalist, as minster of in terior with jurisdiction over police. This was the price for preservation of Austrian independence. In direct charge of the gendarmerie under Seysz-Inquart will be a non-Nazi, Dr. Michael Skubl. This is considered a drawback to Seysz-Inquart's full con trol of the police. One result was announcement that membership in the Fatherland Front— Austria's only legal political party— closed November 1, 1937, would tem porarily be reopened. This gesture W’as aimed at internal pacification, allowing Nazis to join. , Neutral observers, however, believed It might be a two-edged sword—it might satisfy the Nazis by giving them an outlet for political activity, but it might enable the new National ist ministers to say. some time when differences arise, "See how many Fatherland Front supporters I have.” Regulations for more complete con trol of the press were promised. In the cabinet reorganization Schusch nigg remained as chancellor, still fighting, as for four years past, for Austrian independence as opposed to union with Germany. The new cabinet was regarded as provisional, perhaps to last only until May, when Hitler, Mussolini and Echuschnlgg are expected to meet in (See VIENNA, Page A-4.) ‘GET GOV. MARTIN,’ UNION IS EXHORTED Oregon A. F. L. Official Urges Action—C. I. 0. Demands U. S. Probe in State. By the Associated Press. PORTLAND, Oreg.. Peb. 16.—An A. P. of L. official urged unions to “get Gov. Martin out of the way" and the C. I. O. demanded Federal investiga tion of alleged Oregon labor terrorism today after 12 men had been indicted as reputed “terrorists." C. A. Paddock, president of the Eu gene A. F. of L. Central Labor Coun cil, charged the present clean-up of strong-arm methods was undertaken by Gov. Martin at the behest of big business. He said “labor must get Gov. Martin out of the way.” Twelve men. including E. L. Garner, business agent of the A. F. of L. Masters, Mates and Pilots’ Union, were indicted yesterday on charges of at tempting to bomb a tug. Garner also was charged with five others with at tempted bombing of the freighter W. R. Chamberlin, Jr. -Clarence Adams, head of the A. F. of L. Teamsters’ Hiring Hall, was in dicted in connection with the burning ^ a fuel company truck. Bank Loans to “Little Men Partly Backed by U. S., Studied Justice, Commerce, Federal Reserve and R. F. C, Shaping Program-r-Need bf Capital Money Is Stressed. By G. GOULD LINCOLN. Through at least four major Gov ernment agencies a program to deal with business—both little and big— is being whipped into shape. These are the Departments of Justice and Commerce.'the Federal Reserve Board ■and Jhe Reconstruction Finance Corp. If President Roosevelt accepts the recommendations made to him by these agencies they will be submit ted to Congress in so far as legisla tion may be required. Such parts of the program as do not require leg islation will be handled directly by the executive branch. A proposal to create credit facili ties for the “little business man” has a prominent place in the suggested program. One method of attacking this problem which is being carefully considered calls for loans to the busi ness men, secured in part by the Gov ernment but made by the local banks. Such a plan, it is contended by those working on the proposal, would have the effect of stimulating loans to Industry and at the same time holding the banks responsible both for the worthiness of the loans and. for their repayment. The loans would be made by banks on the ground, with full knowledge of local conditions. They would be repaid to the banks. If the Government assumed full re sponsibility for the loans, the banks would escape entirely if any of the loans proved bad. Therefore, it is proposed to have the Government guarantee a percentage of the loans. Particularly it is said, business men are in need of capital loans, rather than the .short-term loan of 90 days (See LOANS,"Page A-5.) Suspect in Limerick Case Waives Extradition and Promises Sensation. Waiving extradition, former District Policeman Robert F. Langdon was turned over to Washington detectives this afternoon for his return from New Haven. Conn., to stand trial here for the murder of Beulah Limerick. 10 year-old secretary of the Sky High ! Whoopee Club. Lt. Floyd Truscott- and Detective Sergt. B. P. Hartman left New Haven this afternoon with the prisoner, and are due to arrive here at 6:35 p.m. Langdon was arraigned in Superior Court at New Haven before Judge j John Rufus Booth, charged with plac- j ing an obstruction on a New Haven j railroad track last spring. This case was nolle pressed at the ; ; request of State's Attorney Samuel Hoyt, who explained the Washington j ! detectives had a warrant for Langdon ■ on a more serious charge. Through j | Assistant State’s Attorney Abraham j | S. Ullman. Langdon told the court he I waived extradition. The burly former policeman prom- i ; ised to reveal sensational news in Washington, the Associated Press re i ported. Langdon was indicted yester | day by the District grand jury in the : seven-year-old murder. My conscience is cioor. I The charge nolle prossed In Con ; necticut today was placed against Langdon after he flagged a passenger train just before it ran over steel ; chains looped about a rail in front of ! it. The State contended Langdon | placed the chain there and averted j the derailment in an attempt to make ' a "hero" of himself. Before being taken to court, Lang don declared: | “My conscience is clear. The dirty i part of it is. it'll bring in an innocent kid." Langdon refused to Identify the "kid” or to amplify his remark. He added, however, that if he “could get somebody to do my defense" he would (See LANGDON* Page A^S ) TOURISTS SPEND LESS Miami Has More Visitors Than 1937. but Cash Is Tighter. MIAMI, Fla., Feb. 16 (4»).—Miami's current tourist crop is larger than last season's but is spending less money, a survey of usually accurate indica tors disclosed today. On the right side of the ledger were increases in utility connections and production, race track attendance and wagering, postal receipts and passen ger traffic. On the debit side were decreases in merchandise sales, building activity, postal and bank savings and real es tate transfers. Railroads reported better than aver age incoming passenger traffic, while Eastern Air Line officials said extra planes were necessary on the New York and Chicago runs. RELIEF BILL TODAY Senate Expected to Take Up $250,000,000 Meas ure Quickly. BACKGROUND— In making relief appropriation, for current fiscal year, Congress last spring specified that sum should be apportioned to last full 12 months. Sudden setback to business last fall brought increased unemployment and new demands for public relief. Last week. President Roosevelt rec ommended that Congress appropri ate $250.000.000 for extra needs during rest of present fiscal year. By the Associated Press. Passage of the emergency *250,000, 000 relief appropriation before night fall was predicted today by House lead ers. Taking up the relief measure for debate this afternoon, the House heard Representative Cannon, Democrat, of Missouri, a member of the Appropria tion Committee, say the money was needed immediately to provide employ ment for thousands who have been thrown out of work because of condi tions over which they have no control. The Senate probably will discuss the relief bill Friday, assuming the House passes it quickly. miuuusu nuiuc cuieuains expressed confidence the relief bill would be ap proved, some Republicans were oppos ing It and some members of the self styled liberal bloc wanted a larger fund. Representative Taber, Republican, of New York, ranking minority mem ber of the Appropriations Committee, said the appropriation was not neces sary. ‘There’s only one possible excuse for it,” he said, ‘ and that is that the administration must be planning to create conditions which will make more people lose their jobs between now and July 1.” On the other hand, the Appropria tions Committee reported that 1,000, 000 persons had lost their jobs in January. Although the situation is static, it said, no information was re ceived to indicate “that there was in prospect in the near future” a suf ficient upturn in business to warrant a smaller amount. 500,00* New Relief Jobs. Aubrey Williams, assistant W. P. A, administrator, told the committee that the fund, if approved, would permit W. P. A. to open about 500,000 new relief jobs between February 15 and i July 1, the start of a new fiscal year. Congress already has appropriated *1, 500,000,000 for the current fiscal year. Senator Bailey, Democrat, of North Carolina offered a resolution to estab lish a ‘‘nonpartisan administration” of relief funds by a# five-man Federal board. Senator Bailey, declaring there was “grave danger” relief funds may be used for political purposes, pro posed penalties for soliciting the votes of persons on relief. Summary of Today's Star Page. Page. Amusements A-I3 Obituary_A-lt Comics . B-14-15 Radio _B-9 Editorials A-8 Serial Story .B-l* Finance _ A-15 Society .. . B-3 Lost <k Found B-l* Sports .. A-18-19 Woman's Pg. B-8 FOREIGN. 2,000 Nazis freed by Austria under Reich domination. Page a-1 Chinese Lunghai defense crumbles. Japanese report. Page A-4 British navy race with Japan looms in 5-y^ar project. Page a-1 Diversity of following tests Franco’s political ability. Page A-4 NATIONAL. Representative Scott warns of fascism spread in U. 8. Page A-1 Kennedy takes sharp issue with mi« Perkins at hearing. Page A-1 Jackson nomination approved by Sen ate subcommittee. Page A-* Administration economists seek re visions in prices. Page A-* Milligan confirmation spurs coalition against Pendergast. Page A-3 WASHINGTON AND VICINITY. Nichols says sales tax advocates are “wasting their time.” Page A-1 Langdon waives extradition In Lim erick murder. Page A-1 Eight proposed airport sites tfewed from air. Page A-X Admiral Grayson to be buried in Ar lington tomorrow. Page A-S Mother of G. W. professor critically injured by auto. Page A-1 More traffic police urged at.D. C. bill hearing. Page B-l Courthouse kitchen used to test Nolan trial document. « Page B-t Two former bank employes indicted in .. alleged thefts. Page Police watch beer and soft drink trucks in strike. Page jj.i EDITORIAL AND COMMENT. Editorials. Page A-8 This and That. Page a-8 Answers to Questions. Page A-8 Washington Observations. Page A-8 David Lawrence. Page A-9 The Capital Parade. Page A-9 Dorothy Thompson. Page A-9 Constantine Brown. Page A-9 Lemuel Parton. Page A-9 FINANCIAL. Curb prices ease (table), PageA-17 Banquet planned by A. I. B. Chapter Saturday. Page A-18 Stocks drop (table). Page A-lS Most bonds lower (table). Page A-lS SPORTS. lx>uis, lazy training for Mann, looks bad in workouts. Page A-18 Pilot Frisch sees Cards factors in flag _ r*ce Page A-18 United States opposes move for biennial Davis Cup play. Page A-18 Vines, seeking rich Budge "gates,” swamping Perry. Page A-19 Sande’s horses give Santa Anita theatrical touch. Page A-19 Whizzer White, Oxford bound, spurns 915.000 pro offer. Page A-19 MISCELLANY. City News in Brief. Page B-7 Bedtime Story. Page B-14 Shipping News. Page A-8' Vital Statistics. Page B-8 Cross-word Piuglc. Page B-14 Letter-Out. Page B-14 Winning Contract. PageB-18 Nature’s Children. Page B-9 Bentoe Orders. Page B-18 SENATE REFUSES TO LIT DEBATE ON LYNCHING BILL Opponents of Measure Say Cloture Failure, 46 to 42, Means Shelving. SOUTHERNERS RAISE “INTIMIDATION” CRY Barkley Indicates Emergency Re lief Program Will Be Taken Up Friday. BACKGROUND— Enacted in House in last regular session, legislation making lynching a Federal offense encountered de termined opposition of senatorial bloc. Threat of filibuster caused administration to withhold measure from Senate during special session, but since being brought up in Jan uary opponents have successfully prevented vote on bill. B> ihe Associated Press. The Senate rejected today a motion 0>r limiting debate on the anti-lynch ing bill. The vote was 46 against to 42 for the debate limitation, which, i under Senate rules, required a two- j thirds favorable vote. Defeat of the motion left unchanged the status of the filibuster against the measure, now entering its twenty eighth day. Opponents of the bill, which would provide for Federal prosecution of State officials who wilfully fail to pre- I vent lynchings. predicted it would be shelved soon as a result of the vote. Proponents said they would continue : to seek a vote on the bill itself, but | Democratic Leader Barkley indicated it might be laid aside Friday to take! up the S250.000.000 emergency relief appropriation. illumination Charged. Filibustering Southern Senators! cried "intimidation" when supporters of the bill insisted that a vote against limiting debate would amount to a vote against the bill. Senator Wagner. Democrat, of New York, told the Senate that "a vote! against cloture Is bound to be regarded 1 as a vote against the bill." Supporters of the bill failed once before three weeks ago to invoke the rule in an effort to break the filibuster. Replying to Senator Wagner s plea ! for a favorable cloture vote. Senator Connally. Democrat, of Texas, leader of the Southern bloc, said the "Sena tor from New York seeks to intimidate the Senators by saying a rote against cloture Is a vote against the bill.” "If any Senator is frightened or in timidated.” he continued, "he hasn't the moral fortitude that the Senator from Texas thinks he has.” Connally Denies Charges. Senator Connally insisted that the charges of “filibuster” and "futile de bate" made against the Southerners’ attack on the measure were un justified. The discussion has served, he said, to bring out that neither the "en lightened people” of the country nor; the majority of the Senate actually want enactment of the bill. Senator Wagner declared supporters of the measure were "determined” to force a final vote on it. "It is a curious argument that a filibuster is justified on the grounds that unlimited debate on this bill is necessary for the preservation of Democracy, the New Yorker said. He asserted that, instead, the filibuster is "imperiling” democracy. "The high purpose of this bill is to make a reality of the fundamental guarantees of the Constitution where notoriously they have been but shame ful mockery,” said Senator Wagner. .. • MISSING RED ENVOY QUITS BOLSHEVIKS Jodor Butenko Arrives in Koine to Join Fascists—Disappeared in Bucharest. By the Associated Preu. ROME, Feb. 16.—The mystery of what happened to Jodor Butenko, Soviet charge d’affaires in Bucharest until he disappeared there February 6, was cleared up today when he walked dramatically into the Fascist camp and declared himself a'deserter from the Bolsheviks. Fascist officials, including Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano, gave him immediate audiences and the Girondale d’ltalia devoted its entire front page to his signed diatribes against Bolshevism. „ Butenko, last seen in Bucharest at the entrance to the Soviet legation, arrived in Rome last night without a passport. (The Soviet government had protested to Rumania concerning his disappearance and Pravda, Com munist organ in Moscow, had declared he was the victim of a "Fascist politi cal crime.”) But in his signed statement Bu tenko said: “Feeling myself an intellectual who could not tolerate treachery and who lived up to his ideals, I decided to break once and for all with Bol shevism, which weighed on and op pressed me as a terrible nightmare.” GEN. PERSHING BETTER World War Commander to Attend Rodeo Sunday. , TUCSON. Aria., Peb. 16 OP).—Oen. John J. Pershing, suffering from rheu matism, spent a very good night and was cheerful and lively today. He plans to attend a rodeo Sunday with his guests, Oen. and Mrs. Charles Dawes. Dr. Roland Davison, the 77-year-old < general’s physician, said he was not very 111, but was resting as a precau tion. Oen. Pershing suffered from rheu matism last year and spent several weeks in a Government hospital at Hot Springs, Ark. A Commissioners Put Silencer On Auto Horns After Midnight An absolute ban on blowing auto-, mobile horns from midnight to 7 am.' —except for emergency vehicles mak ing official runs—was ordered today by the Commissioners in a series of fur ther amendments to the traffic regula tions. The move is based on the theory drivers should use their brakes, in stead of horns, in avoiding accidents. The change was urged by Traffic Di rector William A. Van Duzcr and rec ommended by the Traffic Advisory Council. The rule will go into effect after the change has been advertised for 10 ] days, or February 27. if legal notice is published beginning tomorrow. In urging adoption of the rule, Mr. Van Duzer explained that previous regulations prohibited use of horns at any time "except as a reasonable warning of danger.” In spite of this rule, he said, there still was a great deal of horn-blowing late at night. "It is believed this is done chiefly to enable drivers to maintain unduly high rates of speed at intersections and be tween intersections after the traffic lights have been turned off. "Safe driving procedure calls for re < See HORNS.“Page" A-4) BULLETIN ] William Francis Scott. 44. na- j tionallv famous Navy parachute jumper and bridegroom of two weeks was found dead of poisoning this afternoon In the second-floor bedroom of his home, at S28 Ninth street S.E Mr. Scott, a machinist at the Washington Navy Yard, is said to have been despondent since the death of his mother, last year, and on his dresser was a note, which said: “I want to be with my mother." 44-HOUR WEEK ACT HELD UP BY HI * « Injunction^ Restrains State of Pennsylvania From Enforcing Law. By the Associated Press. HARRISBURG. Pa., Feb. 16—An Injunction restraining the State of Pennsylvania from enforcing its new 44-hour work week law was granted today by Dauphin County Court. The law, enacted by the 1937 Legis lature, was effective as of last Decem ber 1. Enforcement was delayed until January 1 to permit industries to ar range to conform. Then more than 600 Arms began legal fights against the law. They have been exempted from immediate compliance. The injunction today was granted in a taxpayer's suit brought by C W. Miller, a Central Pennsylvania grocer. Judge W. C. Sheely, who heard the case, said in his decision that the injunction would remain in effect "until further hearing or a further order” of this court. The court instructed the Pennsylva nia Industrial Board which adminis ters the act to refrain from "employ ing their time or the time of their em ployes or representatives and from spending or causing to be expended any of the funds of the Commonwealth for the enforcement of the act." X State appeal to the Supreme Court is expected as a matter of course. Pennsylvania has a 44-hour work week for women which went into ef fect last September, It has not been challenged. TRANSPLANTED CORNEA REVEALS COLOR TO MAN Strawberry Picker No* Recog nize* “Most Anything I See’' With Gift Eye. B» the Associated Press NEW ALBANY, La„ Feb. 16 — Frank Chabina, 19-year-old straw berry farmer, says he can distinguish colors through the transplanted cor nea of his left eye. The cornea was donated by aged John W. Amos of St. Joseph, La., and the operation was performed here last December 8. After the bandages were removed Mr. Chabina, could distinguish only the doctor’s lingers by count, but he said yesterday he now could recog nise colors and “most anything i see” with the restored eye. He lost sight in the eye about two yean ago while working with lime dust French Envoy Lenvei for U. 8: PARIS, Peb. 16 W).—Count Rene de Saint-Quentin, France’s new Am “““tor 10 Washington, left Paris today for his post, united States Ambassador William C. Bullitt was in the official party at the station to see him off. He was to sail from Le Smri,°SnplIt'lu*111 New MARITIME FEANS Takes Sharp Issue With Secretary Perkins on Me diation Proposals. BACKGROUND— After months of inquiry into American merchant marine. Mari time Commission issued vigorous report assailing both shipowners and labor for responsibility for dis turbed conditions. As one remedy, commission proposed labor media tion law similar to railroad law. National Labor Relations Board, National Mediation Board and Labor Department all have opposed suggestion. b\ the Associated Press Joseph P. Kennedy, chairman of the Maritime Commission, taking sharp issue with Secretary of Labor Per kins, urged a Senate committee today to approve his proposal for Govern ment mediation of maritime labor dis putes. . Chairman Kennedy appeared be fore the Senate Commerce Commit tee which has heard Miss Perkins op pose his proposal as "premature" be cause the industry was not “ripe." Stoutly defending his suggestion for settling maritime labor troubles along lines now operating for railroads, Mr. Kennedy said the Government should not subsidize merchants ships unless they are “manned by competent and contested seamen.” "Unless labor conditions in the mer chant marine can be stabilized by the substitution of consideration and co operation in the place of hostility and recrimination, labor, management and the general public alike will suffer," he told the committee. neierence n upposmon. Referring to the opposition of Miss Perkins and spokesmen for maritime unions, Mr. Kennedy said not one wit ness had voiced a single sound objec tion to his labor proposals for “adjust ment of disputes in the industry by arbitration and mediation." He quoted Secretary Perkins as say ing application of principles of the Railway Mediation Act would be "pre mature" for the reason that "the em ployes are not fully organised" and theh commented: “This is a strange argument. It is said to be 'premature' to put into op eration machinery designed to prevent strikes and lockouts in an industry which in 10 months of 1937 lost ap proximately one million man-hours of work by strikes and lockouts.” Comments on Statement Later Mr. Kennedy again referred to the statement Miss Perkins had made and commented: “I submit that if the maritime in dustry is not ‘ripe’ for conciliation and mediation of its labor disputes, then it is over-ripe for ruin." Mr. Kennedy appeared before an executive session of the committee to give his views on what Chairman Copeland called “controversial amend ments” proposed for the present Mari time Subsidy Act. Chairman Kennedy had proposed most of the changes in the Subsidy Act after a critical survey of the en tire merchant marine. Stormy protests by organized labor and Secretary Perkins had brought a substitute from Senator Guffey, Democrat, of Pennsylvla. which would outlaw sit-down strikes at sea. set up wage standards for aU shipping, and provide a system of self-arbitra tion of disputes by unions. Suggestion mi Building. Mr. Kennedy also suggested that subsidized American ships be con structed In foreign yards whenever (See MAIUTDA Page A-A) MILITARY BILLS Naval Group Warned of “Concerted Effort” to Spread Fascism. By (hr Associated Press. The House Military Affairs Commit tee approved today bills to re-estab lish an Army Reserve of enlisted men and to increase the authorized number of Regular Army commissioned offi cers to 14.659. Meanwhile, the House Naval Affairs Committee heard Representative Scott, Democrat, of California say this Government should recognize the pos sibility of a concerted effort by Ger many, Italy and Japan to "spread Fascism to the United States." Mr. Scott issued his warning during ques tioning of Representative Fish. Re publican, of New York concerning the iatter's opposition to the $800,000,000 naval expansion bill. The Military Committee, Chairman May reported, postponed* until next Wednesday action on a bill intended to prevent war-time profiteering. Mr. May declined to disclose the reason, but Representative Maverick. Democrat, of Texas, an opponent of tne measure, said smilingly that "some dirty so-and-so was filibustering." Reserve of 75,80$ Men. Representative May said the enlisted Reserve legislation recommended by President Roosevelt was intended to establish a Reserve of 75,000 men in four or five years. He said the cost would be approximately $3,000,000. The officer measure would permit an increase of about 2.000 commissioned officers in the Regular establishment, he said. Only men with military experience who are under 36 years of age would be enlisted in the Reserve. War De partment officials said they expected 70 per cent of the privates who leave the Army to go into the Reserve. In inactive status their pay would be $24 a month. The President could call them to active duty only in an emergency. In the Naval Committee, Representa tive Scott, referring to the anti-Com munistic pact signed by the three pow ers. said: "Japan's espionage is well known, and the propaganda being soread in South America by Germany and Italy is likewise well known. "I believe this Government should recognize the possibility of a con certed effort on the part of those three nations to spread Fascism to the United States by one means or an other." Sees Neutrality in Danger. In reference to Representative Fish's advocacy of invocation of the neutral ity act against Japan in the current Far Eastern crisis. Mr. Scott declared such action would “endanger” this country’s neutrality rather than pro tect it. Representative Scott asserted the United States “could not fear too much the possibility of an illogical action by Hitler. Mussolini and the Mikado.” Mr. Fish replied that might be true Ot each of those rulers at home, but he expressed belief they all had their hands too full of domestic troubles to give this country cause for worry. Mr. Fish later told the committee State Department officials had in formed hta Japan had agreed to stop all sklmon fishing off the Alaskan coast. Alaska "Bloodshed” Seen. The New Yorker made this state ment after Representative Magnuson, Democrat, of Washington, asserted there would be “bloodshed” in Alaska if current conditions are not changed. "If trouble comes with Japan,” Mr. (See NAVAL, Page A-5.) TRANSIT STRIKE ENDS Twin Citiea Completely Without Service for Night and Day. MINNEAPOLIS. Feb. 16 (^.—Resi dents in the Twin Cities rode to work today, as the rumble of street cars heralded the end of a walkout that paralysed transportation for a night and a day. The walkout started Monday morn ing when employes at one station re fused to operate cars in protest against the use of one-man cars. It ended shortly before midnight last night when workers voted to accept a settle ment offered by the company. The proposal provided that the com pany would continue to operate two man can and give SO days’ notice of any future chanc*. SALES TAX FRIENDS Statement of Chairman Fol lows Clash With Civic Leaders. DIRKSEN CHALLENGES CARRUTHERS’ARGUMENT Statement That Majority in D. C. Favor Levy Is "Bunk,” Rep resentative Says. BACKGROUND— Despite support for a sales tax from civic and trade organizations. Fiscal Affairs Subcommittee of the House District Committee in its 1939 revenue bill for the city has recommended adoption of income tax, retention of the business privi lege tax and continuation of the SI.75 real estate tar. By JAMES E. CHINN. Advocates of a sales tax lor the Di.' trict were told today by Chairman Nichols of the House District Subcom mittee on Fiscal Affairs that they were "wasting their time" in appearing be fore his group. This blunt statement came after District civic leaders, urging adoption of a sales tax in lieu of other proposed budget-balancing taxes, had clashed several times with members of the subcommittee which is holding hear ings on the 1939 revenue bill. The first outbreak came when Rep resentative Dirksen, Republican, of Il linois, who championed the income tax plan in the bill, challenged a state ment of L. A. Carruthers. president of the Federation of Citizens’ Associa tions and chairman of the Citizens’ Advisory Committee on Taxation, that a vast majority of the people of the District favored a sales tax Basis for Statement Given. “That’s the merest bunk to say a majority of the people of the District favor a sales tax,” declared Mr. Dirk sen. "I'd like to see the justification for your statement. It seems to me you just reached out into thin air and grabbed it.” Mr. Carruthers explained that the Federation, representing from 25.000 to 30.000 District residents, had ap proved a sales tax and that the Wash ington Board of Trade, with 4.000 members, indicated a preference for it over other proposed forms of tax ation. win you admit tor the record that [ a majority of the people favor the sales tax?” Inquired Mr. Dirksen. "I wouldn’t admit anything of the kind,” Mr. Carruthers responded. “Our belief is based on action of the Fed eration and member bodies. I do have a foundation for that statement.” Mr. Dirksen next inquired if a poll of civic organization representatives had been taken to learn their views. Mr. Carruthers said a poll was con ducted by only one neighborhood affili ate with the Federation—the Chevy Chase Citizens' Association. Ques tionnaires were sent to 1,600 members of this organization, he pointed out. and 75 per cent of those who replied voted in favor of a sales tax. “It is surprising to me you try to reach a conclusion from a few who replied.” declared Mr. Dirksen. “Did you talk with the housewife? Did you talk with those who carry lunch boxes? You didn't talk to the people who would be most affected by a sales tax.” Point of View Debated. Chairman Nichols then broke into the discussion and asked: “Don’t you think it strange tho la boring man. the Government employe and the secretaries would suddenly reach such a magnanimous viewpoint to take on a sales tax rather than see ing the business man pay the business privilege tax and take the trouble to keep the records for such tax pay ments?” “On the contrary." replied Mr. Car ruthers. “it is anything but a magnani mous attitude. It's a business propo sition.” Mr. Dirksen called attention to President Roosevelt's recent message to Congress in which he indicated opposition to a sales tax. and drew from Mr. Carruthers an admission that such a levy would add to the burden of the poor man, but would not relieve the wealthy. Mr. Carruthers, however, said he interpreted the President's pronounce ment on a sales tax to mean that imposition of such a levy should be left to the individual States rather than to Federal Government. "That was certainly not my in terpretation,” declared Mr. Dirksen. Wood Defends “Poor Folks.” Next, Representative Wood, Demo crat, of Missouri joined in the discus sion. ‘‘Would you put more taxes on the poor just to make them tax con scious?” he asked. "It seems to me a reflection on the poor folks when you propose to clamp a sales tax on them to make them tax conscious.” Another clash came when Joseph H. Batt of the Board of Trade ex plained that the 4,000 members of that organization had been circularized about their views on the tax program, and of the more than 500 replies re ceived 90 per cent selected a sales tax as first choice. “That's only 10 per cent of your membership.” remarked Mr. Dirksen. who then asked why board members had shown such a lack of Interest. Mr. Batt explained It was not be cause of a general indifference, but iSee"dTcCtAXES, Page A-7J Fireman to Become Honk. ELIZABETH, N. J., Feb. 16 UP).— Michael Anton, 31, has turned in his fireman's togs to don the robes of a monk. A fireman for eight years and a re cent widower, he has spent a s.x months’ probationary period in the Christian Brothers Monastery order an<l last night handed his resignation to the fire eomnissionere.