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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 25, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(U. 8 Weather Bureau Forecaet.)
Fair tonight, with minimum tempera
ture about 27; tomorrow fair and rising
temperature. Temperatures today—High
est, 34, at 2 p.m.; lowest, 29, at 6 a.m.;
33. at 3 p.m.
Full report on ’page A-2.
Closing New York Markets, Page T4
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
<*») Mean* Associated Press.
86th YEAR. No. 34,268.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1938—FORTY-TWO PAGES.
three cents. ~
HULL REFUSES TO ORDER
AMERICANS FROM CHINA
ON JAPANESE WARNINGS
(
Responsibility Put
on Tokio for
Damage.
DENIES PROTECTION
OBLIGATION ON U. S.
Secretary Continues Plea
Nationals Withdraw
Voluntarily.
BACKGROUND—
American Government has main
tained rights of its nationals to
remain in China in spite of Jap
anese campaign of conquest while
urging Americans to withdraw
from zones of danger. American
toarships have stood ready to evac
uate them from areas of peril. After
finking of U. S. gunboat Panay
Japan promised right of Americans
to live in China would be re
spected. Circular February 3 urged
that they be evacuated from Cen
tral China, however.
By the Associated Press.
The United States has asserted em
phatically to Japan the rights of
Americans and American property in
China.
Secretary Hull said today this Gov
ernment had presented a straight
forward note to Japan declaring that
Japan will be held responsible for any
damage to Americans and their prop
erty in China.
In the note the United States re
fused to accept Japan's warning to
Americans to leave Central China and
to mark their property specially.
Mr. Hull told the Japanese that
there rests upon American officials
and other American nationals in
China no obligation whatsoever to
take precautionary measures request
ed on behalf of the contending forces
toward safeguarding American lives
and interests.
Urged to Go Voluntarily.
Mr. Hull added that this Govern
ment had voluntarily advised its na
tionals to leave certain Chinese areas
and that these warnings had been
observed by Americans. He said that
would continue to be a voluntary prac
tice.
Nevertheless, he warned in his note,
the obligation remains on the military
authorities to exert the utmost pre
caution so that American nationals
and property shall not be injured by
their military operations.
If and where American nationals j
and property are injured in conse- j
quence of the operations of armed !
forces, he declared, this Government |
will be compelled to attribute to the
government controlling those armed
forces responsibility for the damages.
In brief, the United States’ policy
as laid down by Mr. Hull today was
that the United States urges its citi
rens to leave danger areas, but upholds
their right to remain if they desire
It denies the right of Japan to urge
them to leave or to injure them or
their properties if they refuse to fol
low such urging, either by America
or by Japan.
Cites August Note.
At his press conference Mr. Hull
referred to his note of last August
to both the Chinese and Japanese gov
ernments, in which he said this gov
ernment reserved all rights and claims
to damages for any injuries inflicted
on American nationals or their prop
erty by military operations of either
government.
The Secretary said that conditions
with regard to Americans in China
are improving.
Japanese military commanders, prin
cipally in the big cities, are improving
law and order in those localities, he
■aid.
The Secretary asserted that the rea
son for not giving out the note in
verbatim form was that he did not
have the text. The note was first
made public in Hankow and Tokio.
He said that on February 18 he had
■ent detailed instructions to Ambas
sador Grew in Tokio on the basis of
which Mr. Grew wrote the note and
presented it to the Japanese govern
ment.
Blunt Note Delivered.
HANKOW. China, Feb. 25 </P).—The
Government of the United States has
told Japan in a blunt note that H has
no Intention of ordering evaucatlon of
Americans in the Central China war
area, as the Japanese army formally
had requested.
The note was regarded as one of the
aharpest documents from the United
States Government to Japan since the
Chinese-Japanese war began.
Most of the Americans concerned
•re missionaries.
The Japanese request for Americans
and other foreigners to leave the vast
Central China war area was made
public February 3.
Then it was announced that the
Japanese Embassy at Peiping, capital
of the provisional government Japan
has installed in North China, deliv
ered to the American Embassy a note
which said that:
"In view of the spread of hostilities
Americans and other foreigners in the
area designated should evacuate and
mark their properties so Japanese air
men would not bomb them.”
The Japanese message also said
Japanese authorities should be given
maps showing the location of such
properties—must of which are mis
sions—and should be notified of the
nature of protective markings.
The designated area extended from
the Yangtze River on the south to a
line running from the coast of South
ern Shantung Province to Taiyuan,
Shansi Province capital, on the north.
It included at least 20 towns in
which American missions are located
and encompassed about 376,000 square
miles.
After the warning was issued. Jap
anese bombed the Chengchow area,
klling and wounding more than 1,000 j
non-combatant Chinese. I
!•
38 Planes Reported Shot Down
As 100 Clash Over Chinese Base
Japan Claims to Have Destroyed 30 of
Foe and Defenders Point to 8 Con
quered in“Formosa Revenge”
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, Feb. 25.—A great air
battle was (ought today over Nan*
chang, Chinese air base in Klangsi
Province, and tonight both Japanese
and Chinese reported victory (or their
respective air fleets.
The Japanese naval command here
declared "more than 30" Chinese war
planes “of Russian and American
manufacture" were shot down by a
Japanese armada of 50 planes, striking
at the “nerve center of the Chinese
air force.”
The Chinese, in reports from Han
kow, declared they shot down 0 of
59 Japanese planes making the raid.
They mentioned no losses of Chinese
aircraft.
The raid was considered Japan’s
revenge for Wednesday’s Chinese air
raid on Japanese Formosa, in ithich
the capital. Talhoku, and two other
cities were bombed. Nanchang, 450
miles from Taihoku, has been men
tioned as a possible base for that raid.
The Japanese communique said that
when the raiding force approached
Nanchang ‘‘approximately 40 Chinese
combat planes of Russian and Ameri
can manufacture arose and gave com
bat."
"While Japanese combat planes en
gaged the Chinese with devastating
effects, our bombers raided the air
drome,” said the communique.
It asserted that a direct hit “com
pletely destroyed” the headquarters
of the Chinese National Aviation Com
mission.
Numerous hangars, barracks and
repair shops also were reported de
molished. The attack was declared
“one of the most successful air raids
since the outbreak of hostilities.”
The Japanese declared they lost
only two planes.
They also announced that eight
Chinese planes were shot down In a
raid on an airdrome at Nanyung, In
Kwangtung Province.
(Chinese reports to Hong Kong,
however, asserted six Japanese
planes had been shot down in air
combats over Northern Kwangtung.
(Apparently seeking to strike at
probable sources of the Formosa
raid, the Japanese airfleets also
have raided Foochow, Amoy and
Canton, on China’s southeastern
coast, during the last two days.)
HOUSEGROUPOIS
WAR PROFITS BILL
PINE IS NOMINATED
AS U. S. ATTORNEY
Long Committee Deadlock
Over President’s Broad
Powers Broken.
BACKGROUND—
President Roosevelt in message
to Congress January 21 urging 2$
per cent increase in Navy also*
called (or legislation. to. prevent
war profiteering. Bills for this pur
pose had been pending in Con
gress for several years. Hearings
on fleet enlargement nearing com
pletion with speedy action on
House floor likely after approval by
House Naval Committee.
Br the Associated Press.
The House Military Affairs Com
mittee today approved a bill to give
the President broad authority to pre
vent profiteering in war time.
The committee's action broke a long
deadlock over the legislation, which
President Roosevelt recommended in
his national defense measure to Con
gress.
The measure contains a provision
for a universal draft of manpower
and industry in war time.
The Chief Executive would have
power to put a "ceiling” on prices.
In addition, the legislation provides
for a “system of taxation which shall
absorb all profits above a fair normal
return to be fixed by Congress.”
New Weapons Bring Antidote.
The committee approved the legis
lation shortly after President Roose
velt told his press conference in a dis
cussion of the relative merits of air
planes and battleships that always in
the past when any new weapon of
warfare was invented, an antidote had
been discovered for it.
The Treasury Secretary would be re
quired by the war profits bill to trans
mit to Congress on the opening day
of its next session a recommendation
for a tax plan provided by the meas
ure.
The bill provides that whenever
Congress declares war the President is
authorized to proclaim it to be “un
lawful to buy, sell, lease og otherwise
contract for any article, service or
right or interest in property,” which
he might enumerate, “at a higher rate,
rent, price, commission, compensation
or reward,” than was in effect on a
date he would name.
Draft Also Authorised.
When, in time of war, the President
considered ah Immediate increase of
the military establishment neflessary.
he would be authorised to draft men
between the ages of 21 and 31, subject
to any exemptions or other conditions
he might prescribe.
The legislation would empower the
President to provide Government con
trol over material resources, industrial
organisations, public services and se
curity or commodity exchanges.
He also could require the registra
tlon of any or all individuals engaged
(See DEFENSE, Page A-ST) :
MAN FATALLY STABBED
Belief Client Alleged to Here
Slain Administrator.
HOBOKEN. N. J., Feb. 35 OP).—
Harry L. Barck, in charge of relief
administration in Hoboken for 40
years, was fatally stabbed today la
his office, police said, by a relief client.
Police held a man they identified
as Joseph Scutellaro, 38, gn unem
ployed carpenter and mason, on a
charge of atrocious assault and bat
tery, pending further investigation.
Barck, 74 years old, was stabbed in
the right side of the chest- and died
shortly afterward.
Near Barck’* desk police said they
found a thin, sharply pointed spindle.
Police declared Scutellaro said he
Meed the spindle from the desk anA
Ringed it into Barck's cheat. ®
Acting Official Selected by
President to Succeed
Garnett.
David Andrew Pine, who hu been
acting United state* attorney for the
District of Columbia since December
>1, today was nominated by President
Roosevelt to be United States attorney,
The appointment was made upon
the recommendation of Attorney Gen
eral Cummings, who has been watch
ing Mr. Pine's work in the two months
since he took the poet vacated by
Leslie C. Garnett. Mr. Pine’s record
since 1934 as an assistant United States
attorney was an enviable one. Mr
Pine was backed for the promotion by
various members of the local bar as
well as prominent citizens.
The nominee, who is 46 years old
and a native of Washington, was ap
pointed acting United States attorney
by the justices of District Court when
Mr. Garnett resigned.
Mr. Pine was born September 22,
1891, and always has made his home
here. He attended Central High
School, business ' college and later
Georgetown University Law School,
from which he was graduated in 1913.
The same year he was admitted to the
bar.
His first legal post was confidential
clerk to Supreme Court Justice Mc
Reynolds, then Attorney General.
Later he became one of the secretaries
of Attorney General T. W. Gregory,
law clerk and then assistant attorney.
Then came the World War, and Mr.
Pine entered the Army as a first lieu
tenant and was promoted to captain.
At the end of the war the Justice
Department again claimed his services
(8ee PINE, Page A-57)
FIRE ABOARD SHIP
Grace Line's Santa Rita Sends
Word Ahead to Port.
_ I
CRISTOBAL, Canal Zone, Ffeb. 25
(£>).—The Cristobal Fire Department
prepared today to fight a fire in the
No. 3 hatch of the 2,622-ton Grace
Line motor ship Santa Rita, due here
in midafternoon.
The Santa Rita, en route from New
York with 12 passengers and a general
cargo, wirelessed the fire was dis
covered Wednesday night and that it
whs brought under control yesterday.
LEWIS IS IGNORED
AS PENNSYLVANIA
SLATE IS RETAINED
Democratic Chiefs, After
Long Parley, Stay Firm
on Jones and Earle.
ACCEPTANCE IS SEEN
BY STATE COMMITTEE
Slap at C. I. 0. Head and Stern,
Philadelphia Publisher, May
Bring Hot Primary Fight.
By G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Staff Correspondent of The 8lar.
HARRISBURG. Feb. 25.—Leaders
of the Democratic organization of
Pennsylvania, headed by Gov. George
Earle, Senator Joseph Guffey and
David Lawrence, State chairman, an
nounced early today at the close of
a conference in the Governor’s man
sion that they would stick by the
slate they selected last week, with
Charles Alvin Jones as candidate for
Qovernor and Gov. Earle for the
Senate.
'This slate. Chairman- Lawrence
said, would probably be accepted by
the State Committee when it meets 1
this afternoon.
"The indications are." said Mr.
Lawrence, "that the recommenda
tion of the committee for the Demo
cratic primary will be the slate headed
by Charles A. Jones for Governor.
The decision ot the party leaders
was a slap'at John L. Lewis, chair
man of the C. I. O., who has de
manded a place at the head of the
ticket for Lt. Gov. Thomas Kennedy,
secretary-treasurer of the United
Mine Workers of America.
Slap for David Stern.
It was no less a slap for J. David
Stern, Philadelphia publisher, ardent
New Dealer, who has strongly op
posed the nomination of Mr. Jones.
Mr. Stern was not present at the
conference last night, nor was any
representative of Messrs. Lewis and
Kennedy.
What will be the result of the ac
tion of the State Committee if it runs
according to the form indicated by
Chairman Lawrence remains to be
seen. It may bring a hot fight in the
primary if Messrs. Lewis and Stern
get behind other candidates. Already
Charles J. Marriott!, attorney general
of the State, has announced he will
be a candidate tor the gubernatorial
nomination no matter what.
Meanwhile in the O. O. P. camp
State Senator O. Mason Owlett, a
member of the Republican National
Committee, announced his candidacy
for the Republican senatorial nomi
nation to succeed James J. Davis.
Senator Davis has made no an
nouncement as to his future political
plans.
Every effort has been made to tear
down the ticket headed by Mr. Jones,
a Pittsburgh lawyer, with all the
brickbats aimed at him. There has
been little if any opposition to the
nomination of Mr. Earle for Senator
Davis’ seat.
But despite the threats of John
Lewis of a bolt by labor and of Pub
lisher Stern to fight it with his Phila
delphia Record the ticket stuck.
Labor Seen Standing By.
The contest was taken to Presi
dent Roosevelt yesterday, with Messrs.
Earle, Guffey, Lawrence and Stern
all attending the White House con
ference. As he left the White House
Gov. Earle announced that the Pres
ident had declined to mix in the
fight other than to say:
"I need Joe Guffey in the Senate,
and I hope you will leave him there.”
_The Senator had been suggested as
(See PENNSYLVANIA,PageA^3
MARINES QUIT MANILA
Sixth Regiment Sails to Begin
Hawaiian Tour of Duty.
MANILA, Feb. 35 UP).—The 6th
Regiment jf United States Marines,
under Brig. Oen. John C. Beaumont,
sailed today for Honolulu aboard the
Navy transport Chaumont.
The 1,500 marines recently were
ordered withdrawn from Shanghai to
an indefinite tour of duty in the
Hawaiian Islands.
Also aboard the Chaumont. was
Maj. Oen. L. R Holbrook former
Philippine Department commander,
en route to his new station at Balti
more. With Oen. Holbrook’s de
parture, Maj. Oen. John H. Hughes
became commander of the Philippine
Department.
Summary of Today's Star
Page.
Amusements, c-14 Radio ......’C-4
Comics ...c-S-4 Serial Story..B-S
Editorials ... A-S Society B-3
Finance .. A-IS Sports C-'l-A
Lost Ac Found C-4 Woman’s Pg:. C-S
Obituary _.... A-14 ■
FOREIGN.
Hull refuses to order Americans from
China. Page A-l
Halifax formally appointed Eden's
successor. Pag* A-l
Schuschnigg to go because of speech,
say Berlin Meals., Pag* A-4
French debate whether to follow Brit
ain’* “realism.” Page A-4
Chinese prepare new divisions tor
counteroffensive. Page A-4
NATIONAL.
How* group approves bill to prevent
•war profiteering. Page A-l
Oen. Pershing rallies, but end appears
near. • . . Page Ail
Lawrence may survive San Simeon
Plane' crash. Pam A-S
Reorganization fight postponed for
other bills. Page A-S
Townsend plans speaking tour of
eastern cities. Page A-g
Senate approves extra appropriation
for Labor Board. Page A-7
Mrs. Roosevelt urges day In relief offices
for Congressmen. PuaA-il
Rates tentatively decided on w crap
control payment, , PM* A-1S
WASHINGTON AND NEARBY.
Pine dedans new “discount” scheme
Illegal. Page A-1
<124,998,730 Interior appropriation
bai reported. Page A-l
Widow of Oen. Sheridan dies at home
here at 82. Page A-S
Police seise 15 in Southwest numbers
. »*<•■ * Page A-18
Segregation of all Criminal Courts’ ac
- tivities studied. Page B-l
Doom of privilege tax seen after busi
ness men's attack. Page B-l
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. Page A-S
This and Hist. Page A-g
Answers and Questions. Page A-S
Political Mill. Page A-S
Washington Observations. Page A-8
David Lawrence. Page A-S
The Capital Parade. Page A-S
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-S
Constantine Brown. Page A-S
Lemuel Parton. Page A-S
MISCELLANY.
Shipping News. Page A-S
Vital Statistics. Page C-4
Cress-word Pussle. Page C-8
Letter-Out Page C-l
Winning Contract. Page C-t
Service Orders. Page B-14
City News in Briel. PageB-lt
Bedtime Story. Sage B-14
Nature’s Children. ®yge B-14

f Just a RassiNff^
|5H0WERJH0re!
$124,998,730 Measure Pro
vides $10,574,630 Allo
cation for District.
The House Appropriations Commit
tee today recommended passage of an
Interior Department supply bill carry
ing total appropriations of $124,998,
730.84 for the fiscal year 1939. The
measure was taken up immediately
for general debate.
The total recommended is $7,947,
557.01 less than was appropriated for
the current fiscal year and $2,490.
535.82 below the estimate of the
Budget Bureau.
The committee proposed that
$53,088,320 be made available for con
tinuance of the public works program,
a slight increase over the budget
recommendation, but $5,864,455 below
the 1938 appropriation.
PrsvMea <19.574,636 in District.
Institutions and projects in the
District would receive $10,574,630 un
der the measure as reported, with the
largest allocation being $7,513,000 for
public buildings and grounds located
here St. Elisabeth's Hospital would
receive $1,762,600; Columbia Institu
tion for the Deaf, $150,950; Howard
University, $723,000; Freedmen's Hos
pital, $400,080, and a District voca
tional rehabilitation program, $25,000.
Chief departmental reductions be
low current year funds Include $4,
617.000 for the Reclamation Bureau,
$1,510,469 for the Indian Bureau, and
$2,716,708 for the National Park Serv
ice.
Many of the reductions for the
Reclamation Bureau were caused by
near completion of many of its proj
ects. Of the bill's total. $36,969,600
would be earmarked for the bureau
and its huge irrigation and power
projects, $585,000 less than the budget
estimate.
The bill carries an appropriation of
$90,000 for Arlington Memorial
Bridge improvements, $50,000 of
which is to be spent on permanent
control wiring for operation of the
draw span and the remainder on gen
eral repairs.
$68,908 for Shenandoah Park.
Shenandoah National Park in Vir
ginia would receive $68,900 while
$1,275 is recommended for mainten
ance of the Lee boulevard connection
and the George Washington Memorial
Parkway.
In recommending an increase of
$32,850 for St. Elizabeth's Hospital,
the committee presented an estimate
that there will be an increase of 50
in the number of Federal patients st
the Hospital during the coming fiscal
year and an increase of 260 District
patients. For this institution, the
committee approved a Budget Bureau
estimate of $580,000 for construction
of two additional continuous treat
ment buildings.
In recommending appropriation of
$150,950 for the Columbia Institution
for the Deaf, the committee ignored
the appeal of the institution for
construction of a new building.
Freedmen’s Appropriation.
That Freedmen’s Hospital produces
about 50 per cent of the colored phy
sicians in the United States was em
phasised by Dr. T. Edward Jones,
surgeon in chief, in explaining to the
committee the recommended budget
of $400,080, an increase of $81,720.
Of this increase, $70,000 is for equip
ment and repairs, $6,720 for five pro
posed new employes, Including an as
sistant X-ray technician and an as
sistant social service worker at $1,620
each.
Reclamation Projects.
For continuance of big reclamation
projects the committee recommended
appropriation of $9,000,000 for Cen
tral Valley In California, $13,000,000
for Grand Coulee in Washington, $3,
500.000 for Boulder Canyon on the
Colorado River, $500,000 for the all
American canal in California and $3,
865.000 for Bonneville in the North
west
The National Park Service was list
ed for $18,869,673, which is $75,843
more than the Budget Bureau re
quested.
The committee followed the budget
estlma# of $15,009,850 for vocational
education, and Included for the Bi
tuminous Coal Commission and its
consumers' counsel $3,970,000. This
is $930,000 less than the amount it
had for the present year and $330,000
less than the Budget Bureau approved.
The committee recommended the
commission restudy its organisation in
Washington and the field to improve
efficiency and eliminate u Economical
expenditures. ^ “
Nobel Prize
Is Embezzled;
Lawyer Held
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, Feb. 25.—Kurt Wannow,
a Berlin lawyer, was arraigned today j
on a charge of embezzling the greater
part of the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize ;
awarded to Carl von Ossietsky, Ger- j
man pacifist.
Von Ossietsky gave Wannow power
of attorney in January, 1937, to col- j
lect the prize of 100.000 marks ($40.- ■
000) at Oslo, Norway. After consid- |
1 erable technical difficulties the trans- i
I fer was made through the Reichsbank
! to Wannow.
It was alleged that the attorney
1 charged 20.000 marks ($8,000) eom
! mission for his services and spent
i much of the remainder for various
\ purposes, leaving only 16,500 marks
; ($6,600).
GENERAL MOTORS
SLASHESSALARES
Leading Executives Face
Much Sharper Cuts
Than Others.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Feb. 25.—Alfred P.
Sloan, jr., chairman of General Mo
tors Corp., today announced reductions
of 10 per cent in the pay of salaried
employes receiving up to *10,000 an
nually and larger reductions on sal
aries of executives receiving higher
pay.
Adjustment of compensation of sal
aried employes. Sloan said, was made
necessary by the present contraction
in sales and follows substantial re
ductions in earnings of the corpora
; tion’s hourly workers, due to the de
creased number of working hours.
Sloan's statement said:
“Recognizing the drastic reduction
in the volume of business now being
experienced, it becomes necessary to
give consideration to adjusting the
compensation of the salaried employe.
Our wage earners are receiving sub
stantially less than formerly as a re
sult of the decrease in the number of
working hours.
"In view of these circumstances It
appears fair and equitable at this
time to all concerned to make the
following adjustments, to become ef
fective as of March 1, 1938.
"Salaried employes will receive a
reduction of 10 per cent in salary up
to $10,000 annually.
"Executives receiving salaries of
over $10,000 annually will receive a
reduction of 20 per cent additional on
any excess over $10,000 and up to
$50,000.
"Executives receiving over $50,000
annually will receive an additional
reduction of 30 per cent on the excess
over $50,000 annually.”
BOMBERS NEAR PANAMA
Good Will Flyers Quit Peru on
"Nine Hour Hop.
LIMA, Peru, Peb. 25 (JP).—The six
United States Army bombers took off
today non-stem for Panama, en route
home from tneir good-will flight to
South America. The first ship was
away at 6:05, E. S. T„ and the last
at 6:17. They expected to reach Pan
ama in about nine hours.
Pine Rules New Scheme Is
Lottery—Some ‘Dues”
to Be Returned.
BULLETIN.
The doors of the District Dis
count Association were locked this
afternoon with more than 150
"customers” inside when the man
ager ordered suspension of pay
ments. on orders from Acting
United States Attorney Pine.
Washington's most recent substitute
for the old chain letter schemes,
which has swept over the city with
amazing rapidity since it began 11 days
ago. was banned today by Acting
United States Attorney David A. Pine,
who said he considered it a lottery.
By agreement operators of the plan,
who trade under the name of the
District Discount Association. 1020
Vermont avenue N.W., agreed to dis
continue it at once and return all
•'dues’’ paid by members which still
are in their hands.
Several Thousand in Game.
The plan, which combined a dis
count service the legality of which is
undoubted, and a chain subscription
arrangement by which a subscriber
stood to collect a maximum of $640 for
only $5.95 paid in. has attracted sev
eral thousand persons during its short
life, and one woman already has
profited by more than $75, it was said.
“After a thorough study of the law,"
said Mr. Pine, “we have decided that
it is a lottery, but because the question
is a very close one and because the
association has not acted furtively or
dishonestly, we invited the associa
tion’s attorney. Mr. Walter M. Shea,
to discuss the matter with us.
“Mr. Shea does not agree with our
legal conclusions, but when we in
formed him that we. nevertheless, were
prepared to proceed, he said his clients
would voluntarily abandon the plan.”
Under the discount arrangement, the
subscriber bought a coupon book for
95 cents which entitled him to make
60 purchases from nine local business
houses at a discount. At the same
time he subscribed, he affixed his name
at the bottom of a list of seven and
received two new applications con
taining his name and the names of
the five prior subscribers. He agreed
also to enlist the subscription of two
other persons whose names were to be
placed at the bottom of the applica
tions given him. Each in turn was
to get two new subscribers. When the
name of each subscriber went over the
top of the list, he was entitled to re
ceive $5 in “dues” from the new man
at the bottom.
Cornered “Dues” to Go Bark.
Some of these “dues” were sent into
the discount association for transmit
tal to the winners, and it is these
“dues” still in the possession of the
association which will be returned,
Mr. Pine said an anonymous com
plaint was received by his office late
Wednesday and he immediately com
municated with Capt. George M.
Little, commander of the vice squad,
who investigated and rendered a re
port.
The legality of the arrangement im
mediately was referred to Assistant
United States Attorneys John J. Wil
son and Howard Boyd, who reported to
Mr. Pine that they considered it a
lottery.
The literature of the association
specified that no subscriptions which
passed through the mails would be
honored.
Unable to Make Page 1, Ickes
Asks $50,000 for Publicity
By the Associated Press.
Secretary Ickes wants $50,000 for a
new publicity division for his depart
ment, which he says "cannot hope
to make the front page for a long
time to come.”
He made the request at hearings on
the Interior Department appropriation
bill, approved today by the House Ap
propriations Committee.
When Representative Rich, Repub
lican. of Pennsylvania asked him
whether "we are going to have the
same propaganda in your department
th«t. is now going on in the Depart
ment of Agriculture,” Secretary Ickes
retorted:
"No, I do not think we could ever
be so expert.”
Secretary Ickes explained that the
$50,000 would be for an information
division, in which some personnel of
the Public Works jpress section and
several existing a«pneies in the In
terior Department would be consoli
dated.
"The people are entitled to know
what we are doing," he explained, "and
a great many of our activities do not
make the newspapers. They put in
only one bathroom when they built
the building, and it will last for a long
time. We cannot hope to make the
front page for a long time to come.”
His reference was to news stories
about the private bathroom Installed
for his personal use in the new Interior
Building.
“But, notwithstanding that,” he told
the Appropriations Committee, “there
are so msny things that are of interest
to the people, and especially people in
the Western part of the country, that
we cannot hope to get it out unless we
have a staff that can go through the
various bureaus and get up this in
formation and give it to the news
papers in the locakfcies where it will be
of interest” ^
PERSHING RALLIES
AFTER STIMULANT.
BUI ENDJS NEAR
Better Than Since Yester
day, but Condition Critical,
Says Bulletin.
RELATIVES SUMMONED
TO SIDE DURING NIGHT
Sister Holds His Hand, While
Only Son Faces Corridor and
Orderly Sobs.
By the Associated Press.
TUCSON, Ariz., Peb. 25.—Gen. John
J. Pershing, whose condition became
so critical last night physicians pre
dicted the end was near, continued
to rally today and an official bulletin
said his heart and blood pressure were
improved.
“Gen. Pershing’s rally continues.”
said the 9:15 a m. 01:15 a.m. E. S. T.)
bulletin issued by Dr. Roland Davison.
“He is now better than he has been
since catty yesterday afternoon."
The bulletin, however, contained
the statement that “his condition
must still be regarded as critical.”
“No prediction can be made at this
time,” Dr. Davison stated.
The World War chief, who lapsed
into unconsciousness at 9 o’clock last
night, causing his physicians to sur
mise he could not last long, rallied
under the administration of heart
stimulants and “partly regained con
sciousness.”
His temperature was normal and
he rested well during the early morn
ing hours. He rallied enough at one
time to show signs of recognizing
those at his bedside.
Sergt. C. C. Shaeffer, the general’s
orderly, related that when one of the
nurses removed a hypodermic needle
from the patient’s arm he turned to
Sergt. Shaeffer and said:
“She is just as mean as ever, isn't
she?”
Roosevelt Sends Message.
President Roosevelt telegraphed en
couragement to Gen. Pershing yester
day. it was disclosed today.
The cheering message was read to
the World War chief last night before
he lapsed into unconsciousness. Cor.
| tents of the telegram were not made
i public.
The staff of physicians despaired of
his life early last evening. Dr. Verne
Mason, who was called from Los An
geles to consult with Dr. Davison and
Lt, Col. S. U. Marietta of San An
tonio, Tex., made plane reservations
to return home. He left at 7.30 am
tM. S. T.i.
Dr William Kerr, heart specialist
of the University of California Medical
School, San Francisco, who was
summoned to the bedside but missed a
plane -connection, was advised not to
come, that his arrival would be too
late.
Stimulants Administered.
Physicians administered heart stim
ulants early today and reported a
short time later Pershing’* blood
pressure was slightly better.
An unsuccessful attempt was made
to get him to drink water. Intraven
ous feeding had been abandoned.
The physicians announced at 9:15
p.m. (11:15 p.m., E. S. T.) last night
that Gen. Pershing had lapsed into
unconsciousness. Relatives were hast
ily summoned to the bedside.
Miss May Pershing, his only sister
and devoted companion of recent
i years, spent much of the night sitting
: by the bed holding the general’s han.I.
i One of her old friends, Mrs. W. E.
j Hardy, Lincoln, Nebr., and Mrs. Wil
! liam R. Mathews, wife of a Tucson
publisher, spent the night at the hos
pital to comfort Miss Pershing.
Warren Pershing, an only son,
paced the corridors and occasionally
stepped into the room for a glimpse
at his father.
Sergt. Shaeffer sobbed:
‘‘I am soon going to lose the best
friend in the world. I'll be saying
goodbye and going back to Washing
ton pretty quick now."
Suffered Relapse Monday.
Indisposed since February 5 and
confined to his bed for 10 days, the
commander of America's Expedition
ary Forces in the World War held his
own until Monday, when he suffered a
sudden relapse.
First reports were that he suffered
only from rheumatism, but physicians
admitted after his removal to a hos
pital that a heart complication was
the cause of alarm. Even then they
insisted he would recover.
Wednesday the doctors decided he
had suffered "acute damage’’ to heart
muscles but expressed belief a pro
longed rest in bed would bring re
covery.
From that time on, however, each
bulletin Indicated the general was
losing ground, slowly at first, then
more rapidly on Thursday.
Always a lover of the outdoors and
the West, Gen. Pershing turned in his
last years to the land where he began
his Army career. He had spent his
last six winters in Tucson and from
his hotel window could look over the
mountains where he chased warring
Apache Indians on his first assign
ment.
He made his last formal review of
troops in January, 1937, at Fort
Huachuca, Ariz., standing with Col.
W. F Robinson, commanding officer,
to take the salute of the 25th In
fantry.
On his arrival this winter he was
hoarse and suffering from a cold.
His usual morning horseback rides
were eliminated, and his automobile
trips were fewer and shorter, finally
discontinued.
He did not visit Fort Huachuca and
when time came for the annual win
ter rodeo, to which he had invited
two of his old cronies, Gen. Charles
G. Dawes and Gen. James G. Har
bord, he was confined to bed.
Gen. Dawes and Gen. Harbord de
parted last weelAend, confident Persh
i ing would be otic of bed in a few days.

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