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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 03, 1938, Image 4

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Guerrillas’ Attacks Cost
Japanese Many Miles
North of Nanking.
B? thi Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, March 3,—A belated
announcement by Japanese them
selves disclosed today that swift
stnking Chinese guerrilla armies have
scored heavily against Japanese forces
north of Nanking during the last seven
Slashing attacks by the guerrilla
units, it was disclosed, have cost Japa
nese many miles of territory they had
conquered in weeks of bloody fighting
along the Tientsin-Pukow (Tsinpu)
While Japanese invaders from the
north moved relentlessly toward the
vital Lunghai Railway, Japanese com
manders here announced that “bitter
hostilities1’ have been in progress for a
week at Chanpaling.
(Peiping advices were that even
in the north Chinese guerrillas
menaced communications between
Japanese advance columns and
supply bases.)
Wedge Driven by Chinese.
Chanpaling is behind the Japanese
lines, halfway between Nanking and
the Hwai River.
It was apparent from available in
formation that Chinese guerrillas had
driven a wedge between Japanese
forces at Nanking and three columns
to the north at Hwaiyuan, Linhwai
kwan and Pengpu.
These guerrilla operations, all with
in a radius of 20 miles of Nanking and
in territory conquered during the
Japanese victorious northward drive
after Nanking’s fall December 13, had
forced Japanese to withdraw from a
25-mlle advance north of the Hwai.
Once again Japanese forces were
fighting desperately to cross the
6tream, with Chinese armies resisting
them along the north bank.
In other Anhwei Province areas
guerrillas were harassing Japanese in
daily sallies.
Racing and Burning Houses.
Japanese were said to be razing and
burning houses and scattering in
habitants of villages to stamp out the
guerrilla warfare.
In Southern Shantung Province,
Chinese fsserted they were holding up
successfully the Japanese drive south
ward toward the Lunghai.
West of Peiping, Japanese troops
searched the hills for a Chinese guer
rilla band they said had kidnaped a
German student, Rolf Hildebrandt,
and six Chinese. By the time the
Japanese were well into the hills they
found the guerrillas had received
heavy reinforcements from a band of
several thousand only 20 miles west
of the city.
Foreign circles confirmed a previous
Chinese report that guerrillas had
wrecked a Japanese supply train Feb
ruary 28, killing a number of soldiers.
A recent Japanese campaign to drive
back guerrillas menacing their north
ern communication lines was said to
have been unsuccessful.
- . ■ . a — -
'Continued From First Page.)
Bucharin talked about “removing
'How?'’ asked Vishinsky.
’TTp to physical destruction,” Ivan
Off answered.
Plot Dates to 1928.
Bucharin confessed that he had
planned, with Alexis I. RykofT, former
premier and No. 2 on the list of
accused, an illegal counter-revolution
ary organization as far beck as 1928.
But he denied he knew anything
about, spying for foreign powers.
Seeking to confirm Ivanoff's testi
mony, Vishinsky asked him:
' Did you know anything about ne
gotiations with capitalist countries?”
"Yes, but I knew nothing about
connections with their secret services,”
Bucharin replied.
Ivanaff testified today he plotted to
turn Russia’s Northern forests over to
English magnates as compensation for
British aid in the overthrow of the
Soviet regime.
The lumber concessions were to be
granted to British firms. IvanofT said,
under plans drawn by his predecessor,
Another defendant, A. P. Rosen
goltz, as commissar for foreign trade,
“sold the lumber to England at a
tremendous loss to prove the center
had power,” the witness testified.
“It was a sort of deposit on ac
Active as Spy.
IvanofT, who was chief of the
Soviet's highly important timber in
dustry up to a few months ago, eagerly
told his judges he was a former
Czarist informer who joined the
bolshevists as provocateur.
Slight, sandy-haired and hawk
nosed, the ex-commissar became a
Czarist secret police informer, he said,
as a high school student at Tula at
the age of 17, and later as a medical
student In Moscow, spying in both
places on striking fellow students.
He joined the Bolshevist party in
1914 on orders of his czarist chief.
"Like a crow smelling carrion I
Joined the Left Communists," Ivanoff
testified. The Left Communists were
led by Bucharin.
As Bucharin organized opposition
within the Communist party, including
bands to murder Lenin, Ivanoff said
he went along with the Bucharin pro
“I was guilty of the worst crimes as
a member of the rightist bloc.” was
Ivanoff's opening remark when he be
gan his testimony, in which he said
he was “ready to reveal all my crimes
and those of others.”
Tells of Assassination Plot.
P. T. Zubaroff, former vice commis
•ar of agriculture, testified to his par
ticipation in a plot in 1936 to assas
sinate Premier Vyacheslaff Molotoff.
He confessed he had been a spy
alnce 1935, preparing information to
be sent to Germany. He said the
assassination of Joseph Stalin, War
Commissar Element! E. Voroshiloft
and Lazarus M. Kaganovich, com
missar for heavy industry, also had
• ben discussed, but only the killing of
Molotoff appeared “technically pos
A former provincial official of
Czarist police named Vasylieff took
the stand, the first witness in the
trial, to corroborate Zubaroffs story
that ne had been a Czarist police
agent in 1908, 1910 and 1916 under
assumed names.
“How do you remember so well?”
Vishinsky asked the elderly witness.
“I have to. It Is my Job,” Vasylieff
Trotsky Declared Involved.
Detail* of the conspiracy were traced
back to Leon Trotzky, former Bol
Direct Hunt for Lost Airliner
(Story on page A-l.)
Search for the T. W. A. airliner, with nine aboard, lost near Fresno, Calif., is being directed
today by these T. W. A. officials. Left to right: H. G. Andrews, San Francisco superintendent;
S. A. Welch, Kansas City superintendent, and Paul Richter, Kansas City vice president.
_ —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Announces 23 Pet. Boost
in Army Appropriation
for Coming Year.
Er the Associated Pres*.
LONDON, March 3.—Great Britain
today handed her potential enemies
abroad—and her taxpayers at home—
another jolt by announcing a 23 per
cent increase in army appropriations
for the coming year.
The army's share this year in Brit
ain’s colossal five-year rearmament
plan will be £106.500,000. or *532.500,
000, an increase of $121,630,000 over
the previous year.
Estimates for the air force announced
yesterday called for $557,510,000 to be
spent in the fiscal year beginning
April 1, the second of Britain's *7.500,
000.000 five-year rearmament program.
Original Sum Held Insufficient.
The government, in an official re
port yesterday, said this *7.500.0004)00
I would not be enough in view of the
epidemic of wars and higher costs re
sulting from "continous development
of modern armament.”
The admiralty will present its esti
mates for the navy tomorrow.
Because of the vast expenditures the
British people face the prospect of new
and increased taxes.
The difficulties Britain is having in
recruiting man power for the huge
war machine was reflected in today's
memorandum by War Minister Leslie
His report placed the strength of
the regular army at 170.000, compared
with 168,900 in 1937.
183,843 in Actual Service.
It showed a total of 483.843 men in
actual service or receiving some form
of training.
In addition to the regular army,
this total includes: An army re
serve—men who have spent five years
in actual service and are subject to
call if needed—of about 130.000:
supplementary reserve of 25.000; a
territorial army—corresponding to
America's National Guard—of 158,843
which showed an increase of 17,690
during the year.
Analysis of the defense figures, to
be debated in Parliament on Monday
with a government majority almost
certainly assuring their acceptance,
indicated that Chancellor of the Ex
chequer Sir John Simon may have to
provide for *275,000,000 new revenue
when he presents the 1938-39 budget
next month.
Last Year’s Defense Cost.
Defense costs last year were *1.390,
000.000. The estimate for this vear is
The government intends to borrow
about $450,000,000 this year, as
against *400.000,000 last year, but
there still remains about *275,000,000
to be raised.
Income tax collections currently
are 13 per cent ahead of a year ago
and the new' national defense tax on
business probably will yield about
*100.000,000 next year.
Both gains, however, are expected
to be absorbed by mounting armament
and civil government costs.
While some financial experts
thought the government might get
along in 1938-9 without new taxes,
they said higher assessments surely
would be needed in- 1939-40,. when
rearmament expenditures are to reach
their peak.
Roman Mosaic Unearthed.
Under the home ot Sir Edward El
gar in Hampstead. England, workmen
have discovered a Roman mosaic floor.
shevisf leader now living in exile In
Mexico, ana Gregory I. Piatikoff, exe
cuted after the January, 1937, trials.
On the records of the supreme mili
tary tribunal was the assertion of
Prisoner Gregory F. Grinko, former
commissar of finance, that the con
spirators had plotted to seize the
This would have been done with
the aid of Germany and other for
eign powers, whose forces in a war
against Russia would have found
frontiers open because sabotage had
undermined Soviet powers of resist
ance. t he prisoners declared.
Prom the testimony, it appeared for
eign intervention was sought because
Joseph Stalin's enemies considered
their movement too weak to win alone.
Secret meetings with German, Japa
nese and Polish officials were men
British Protectorate Planned.
The defendants testified that a Brit
ish protectorate over the Middle Asiatic
Soviet Republic had been contem
plated, but nothing was introduced
to indicate British aid had been ferom
ised. *•
The strange stories of the crimes,
though readily told by the defendants,
puzzled foreign observer* a* always In
Soviet trials.
Public Might “Misunderstand”
Semi-Nude Modeling.
BOSTON, Mas*., March 3 (A>).—A
“semi-nude life class” In which pro
fessionals and students were to model
in bathing suits for art students has
been canceled. Works Progress Admin
istration officials said today, “because
the project might be misunderstood by
the public.”
An instructor said the class was
to have been for advanced students
who could not s fiord art school fees.
Boulder, Loosened by Rains,
Derails Locomotive and
Six Freight Cars.
IAGER, W. Va., March 3 UP).—A
boulder, loosened by raips, derailed
the locomotive and six loaded coal cars
of a Norfolk * Western train near
here early today, killing the engineer
and injuring slightly two members of
the train crew.
Plowing through rains, the locomo
tive pulling the 138-car train crashed
into the rock and turned over about
3 a m.
Four hours ‘later trainmen extri
cated the body of Engineer ''Dirk"
Boyd, 44, of Roanoke. Va. His fire
man, Edward J. Moody, and brake
man, Earl Dillon, were treated for
minor injuries at Williamson Hos
Mr, Dillon was riding in the watch
man's tower of the caboose when the
locomotive struck. He was knocked
from his perch. The engineer was
trapped when the big locomotive
turned over.
Presents His Letters of Credence
as U. S. Ambassador to
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, March 3.—Introducing
himself to Fuehrer Hitler with the
phrase, “the President of the United
States accredits me near you.” Hugh
R. Wilson, former Undersecretary of
State, at noon today presented his
letters of credence as United States
Ambassador to Germany.
He presented also the letter of recall
for the former Ambassador William
E. Dodd, who has returned to the
United States.
Ambassador Wilson, wearing regula
tion full dress with white tie and
black vest, spoke in English. Hitler,
also In tails, replied in German.
Military honors were accorded Am
bassador Wilson as he arrived and
left the German White House.
"I am looking forward with pleasure
to my residence in this country for
the third time," he said. “It is my
earnest wish that the maintenance
and development of friendly relations
and bonds which prevail between our
tao countries may be deepened and
strengthened while I am here.
“May I express the hope your ex
cellency will accord me confidence In
my work in following out the instruc
tions of my government and seeking
to establish a sympathetic attitude of
the peoples of the two countries.”
Maritime Labor Leader Says It
Will Be Called Unless Pay
Cut Is Restored.
By the Associated Press.
Harry Bridges, maritime labor lead
er, said today a strike would be called
at Baltimore unless the Merchant &
Miners Steamship Line restored a 15
cents-an-hour pay cut given long
The Pacific Coast C. I. O. chieftain
discussed the Baltimore situation at
length at a press conference.
“If we have anything to do about
it, they (the Baltimore longshoremen)
won’t work,” he said after predicting
that other steamship lines would fol
low the Merchants & Miners T.tn»
in reducing hourly pay from 95 to 80
Mr. Bridges was in Baltimore last
week end and said he expected to
return there within a few days.
I’ve found just the thing for the
cough your cold started. Dandy
little medicated drops—made
from a specialist’sformula. They
loosen phlegm in a jiffy and con
tain ingredients that soothe
and coolyourthroat. They’re Lis
terine Cough Drops. Real relief—
not mere candy. BEATRICE
Nazi Foe in Custody as
Measure of Protection,
Officials Declare.
By th* Assocl»*»d Press.
BERLIN, March 3.—Authoritative
quarters today confirmed that the Rev.
Martin Niemoeller, vigorous opponent
of Nasi church policies, had been ar
rested last night immediately after his
release from jail.
The pastor was given technical
freedom after conviction of speaking
against government leaders and vio
lating pulpit regulations.
It was explained authoritatively,
however, that it was necessary to place
the Protestant pastor in "protective
arrest" because "there is considerable
public excitement over the lenient
sentence of the court with every likeli
hood that demonstrations against him
would occur.”
Foreign observers noticed no partic
ular excitement among the populace
yesterday—except among members of
Mr. Niemoeller's congregation—but it
was soon apparent that the verdict had
aroused irritation in Nazi circles.
There was some likelihood that Nazi
groups, With or without official en
couragement. might have reacted vio
lently against any congratulatory cele
brations at the pastor's church in sub
urban Dahlem if the former submarine
commander had been permitted to
greet his congregation.
It was expected the secret police
would keep Mr. Niemoeller in a con
centration camp at least a few months
in the expectation that Interest in his
fate gradually would cease to agitate
the foreign public.
Hinting at continued detention, some
Nazis observed that it "would be dan
gerous to allow a man so obviously
opposed to the Nazi regime complete
liberty to resume his activities.”
The court which sentenced the
clergyman yesterday held that a seven- i
month sentence was liquidated by the
more than seven months he spent in
jail awaiting trial. He must pay a
$600 fine, however.
Seysz-lnquart Advocates
Peaceful Spread of
Hitler Doctrine.
Br the Associated Press.
VIENNA. March 3.—Austria's Hit
ler-approved minister of the Interior,
Arthur Seysz-lnquart, urged Nazis to
day to work peacefully and legally for
Naziflcation of the country.
Violence must be avoided, he ad
Rather than insist now upon recog
nition as members of a legal political
party* Seysz-lnquart advised the Nazis
to work for their program within the
framework of the Fatherland Front—
the only political group acknowledged
by Chancellor Schuschnlgg.
Germany's Fuehrer Hitler, who ap
proved his entrance Into the Austrian
cabinet and received him In Berlin
immediately thereafter, counseled him
“to take the National Socialist*course
In easy stages,” Seysz-lnquart said
Hopes for Workable Compromise.
Returning from Gratz, Styria pro
vincial capital and hotbed of Aus
trian Nazidom, Seysz-lnquart ex
pressed hope there soon would be a
workable compromise between the
Nazis and the Fatherland Front.
He apparently satisfied demands of
the moderate Nationalists during a
round of conferences In Graz, after
Nazi demonstrations there and a jam
boree, for which the army was called
out to preserve order.
The more radical Nazis, who de
mand political union with Germany
right away, were not, however, so well
pleased with the counsel to modera
Takes Middle Road Course.
8eysz-Inquart, nevertheless, seemed
to think he had struck out on a mid
dle road, by which he was true to his
responsibility both to Germany and
Asked whether such diverse ele
ments as the extreme Nazis and rigid
clericals could co-operate inside the
Fatherland Front, Seysz-lnquart said:
“I hope so.
“We do not propose to start in a
fighting mood.
"At the beginning we will not touch
problems on which we differ from
other factions In tJhe Front.
"We will tackle problems in which
we have a common Interest, and Ger
man culture offers many such pos
Demands of Leader at Gras.
The Graz Nazi leader, Dadieu, ac
companied the interior minister to
Vienna to press for concessions to the
Styrian Nazis. Chief of his demands
are insistence that Nazis be given
public posts • in proportion to their
strength, that the police militia be
permitted to Join Nazi organizations
and that a youth movement be estab
Sevsz-Inquart, during his confer
ences in Graz, granted Nazis permis
sion to wear swastika emblems in
schools and public offices.
Issuing strict orders for discipline,
he said:
“I have found overwhelming en
thusiasm in Styria Province and I
also know by now that my orders will
be obeyed.”
Strike for Eight to Work Fast.
Asked to work more slowly because
hop-drying kilns were being overload
ed, 500 hop pickers employed by Lord
Wolmer, M. P„ on his estate at Sel
born, England, went on strike.
"When West hos a Sole ... it's o REAL Sole."
95 Fruhauf *55
3 250
56 Westyle *40
a <
A Clothing Value Too Good to Overlook
Sidney West, wc. 14**0
EUGENE C. GOTT, President | .
Fifteenth Infantry
Ends 25-Year Tour
At Post in China
Mr the Aaioetated Praia.
TIENTSIN, China, March 3.—The
16th United States Infantry left
Tientsin yesterday after a quarter cen
tury of service In North China, dur
ing which, Its officers boast, It has
not fired a shot In anger.
The regiment, stationed here under
the Boxer protocol. Is being with
drawn permanently, to be replaced by
a marine detachment. It entrained
for Chinwangtao to board the Army
transport Grant.
It was accorded unprecedented hon
ors as it marched from Its barracks
through the British and French con
cessions to the station. British,
French and Italian troops lined the
route and presented arms as the Amer
icans passed.
No Trace Pound of Soviet Airmen
in Arctio—More Trips
Are Planned.
AKLAVIK, Northwest Territory,
March 3 (NANA.).—A flight of
1.200 miles from Aklavik over the
Alaskan mountains in perfect sun
shine and visibility today failed to dis
close any trace of Siglsmund Levanev
sky and his five Soviet companions,
who were lost last August on a flight
from Moscow to Alaska.
For weeks we have been awaiting
fair weather. Today was as good as
we could ask for and permitted clear
vision into the myriad of crevasaes
and triangular depressions which
make up the maze of the Richardson,
Brooks and Endicott Ranges. Many
of the steep valleys between sharp
sided clefts in the rocky masses were
partly filled with snow and may hide
the remains of any airplane wreck
which may have happened there, but
most of the slopes are so abrupt that
little snow holds to them and the high
winds sweep them so clear that they
present an almost black appearance.
Any wreck on them would be well
The Brooks and Endicott Ranges are
indented with many blind sunken val
leys. It would be practically impos
sible to reach them except by airplane.
It will take two or more flights yet
of several hours before we can be
satisfied that our search has been
(Copyright. 19^8. by the North American
Newspaper Alliance, Inc.)
Made to Order
Corded, Pleated and Snap*
Made of new dug)proof primed crash
Ctll Randolph 44*?*? for ipnointmant.
Hundreds Pay Respects at
Poet-Warrior’s Bier.
Widow Arrives.
Br the Associated Frees.
3.—The body of Poet-Warrior Gabriele
D’Annunzio began lta journey to the
tomb today.
Throughout the night it had lain
in state in the courtyard outside Vlt
toriale, D’Annunzio’s villa.
In the flickering light of candles
and flares, hundreds of mourners,
many of them from abroad, filed past
the bier.
D’Annunzio's widow, the Princess
of Monte Nevoso, arrived from Parts
soton after nightfall last night and
knelt by the body for nearly three
Bonfires Light Hills.
Bonfires lighted the hills surround
ing Vittoriale, in accordance with the
rite the poet decreed in commemora
tion of his companions in arms who
died in the march on Fiume in
Fascism's early days.
Scores of priests, kneeling in the
court, recited prayers for the dead
throughout the night.
Soon after dawn, Premier Mussolini ■
returned from Brescia, where he spent
the night, and watched as the body
was placed in a simple oak coffin with
out decoration.
H Duce advanced and kissed the
dead man’s brow, and the coffin then ,
was sealed.
A cortege of several thousands, in
—" ' «——*—mrnm
eluding Fascist organizations and war
veterans bearing 100 banner*, followed
the body as It was borne on a gun
caisson to the Parish Church of San
Receive* Church’* Benediction.
There, In the presence of Mussolini,
his ministers and representative* of
the royal family, the Fascist body and
the royal academy, D’Annunzio re
ceived the benediction of the church,
which long had disapproved of him for
hi* writings.
The cortege re-formed and the body
was carried back to Vittoriale, where
it was placed upon the prow of the
destroyer Pugli Set on the crest of a
hill of the estate. There it was to re
main under guard until night.
Tomorrow the body will be removed
and placed temporarily near the tomb
of the poet’s mother among altars
erected in memory of the Flume
Later it will be given a permanent
resting place in a mausoleum yet to be
Glass Company Cuts Wages.
PITTSBURGH, March 3 UP).—The
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Oo. announced
here a 10 per cent salary reduction,
effective yesterday for 1,000 office
A spokesman said office personnel,
from President H. 6. Wherrett down
to office boys, was affected and that
the cut would remain in effect until
business conditions improve.
* <
Dress designs are being sent by
"picture telegrams" in England.
Ace ft to 60. Whit* Only
E. 0. WIELAND, Mgr., Room 209
1343 H St. N.W. Dl. 743*
Over tlt.900.onn rati m Clatmt itnet
organization 1901.
Plenty ef Patterns to match ODD COATS!
All sizes in DRAPE and SLACK MODELS
For Everyday and Sports Wear!
m m
FOGEL’S ★ 10— d
On Lifetime Furniture
Today, Friday and Saturday remain for you
to take advantage of the prevailing low sale
prices on Lifetime Furniture. Anticipate
your spring furniture needs and make your
selections now at the substantial money sav
ings. Hundreds of suites and'pieces—the
very "cream" of our carefully selected stocks
of Lifetime Furniture—are sharply reduced
in price this week. All the usual Mayer £r
Co. courtesies and services are available to
you, including our usual budget plan of ex
tended payments Surely you are going to
get in on the savings.
\ Bed Similar
to Picture
Twin or
Hundreds of Unusual Values Now
Seventh Street j, Between D and, E

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