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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 04, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(U 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Cloudy, with rising temperature: rain,
possibly sleet or snow tonight; lowest to
night about 26 degrees; tomorrow rain and
warmer. Temperatures today—Highest.
30. at 3 p.m.; lowest, 20, at 7 a.m.
Full report on page A-2.
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
Closing New York Markets, Page 18
(A5) Mean* Attociated Pr*»*.
86th YEAR. No. 34,275.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MARCH ^ 4, 1938—FIFTY-TWO PAGES.
Entered as second class matter rrTTTJTPTP /^TP-a^m<-s
post office Washington, D. C. IxiK.fcjJii C-L^sTS.
CALIFORNIA FLOOD
SILL GIVES UP ?4
BODIES OF VICTIMS
, 53 of Those Recovered Are
Identified—Toll May
Reach 200.
. AREA MOST SEVERELY ‘
STRICKEN IS ISOLATED
Estimate Places Damage at
$25,000,000. With S3.000.000
in Los Angeles.
Flood Pictures o?; Pages
A-3 and A-7.
Bs the Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES. March 4.—Sevtmtv
four bodies were recovered from
’ Southern California's flood disaster
up to 9:30 a.m. '12:30 p.m., E. S. T.)
today and 53 had been identified.
Some estimates indicated the death
toll might reach 200. The mast se
verely stricken areas still were iso
lated. There were definite reports of
31 missing in addition to the 74
bodies found. These figures did not
include estimates from Orange Coun
ty. where the mad Santa Ana River
caused the greatest floods in the area.
Metropolitan Los Angeles and all the
communities in Los Angeles County
were going about business as usual.
There is no food shortage and no
health problem, county officials said.
Some estimates of damage were as
high as $25,000,000, but engineers
agreed it would be weeks before a
figure could be determined In Las
Angeles City the damage was esti
mated at $3,000,000.
Panorama of Wrecked Homes.
^ Receding waters left a panorama of
mud-covered and wrecked houses,
debris-laden highways, washed out
( bridges, damaged orchards and farms
and torn railway tracks.
Red Cross and municipal officials
said it would be several days before an
accurate estimate was available of the
storm damage or the number killed
by the worst storm in years.
The rain, pouring relentlessly across
the beleaguered counties, which in
clude some of the State's richest agri
cultural land and its greatest metrop
olis. piled up a five-day total of 11.06
inches in Las Angeles, and exceeded
t even that figure in some foothill sub
urbs.
Pasadena reported total rainfall of
26 85 inches, but the city is on high
ground and deep canyons on each side
carried off much of the water.
Disrupted communications prevent
ed accurate checks of death and dam
age from great sections of the five
counties. Los Angeles. San Bernardino,
Riverside. Orange and Ventura.
Telephone and telegraph communi
cations with the flood-stricken areas,
partially restored after hours in which
they were isolated, was slow. Service
employes battled to keep abreast of the
mounting traffic, much of it resulting
from anxious relatives seeking to com
municate with these in the flood zone. ■
Authorities estimated 20.000 persons
*’cre temporarily homeless, although
i many were expected to return to their
^ dwellings early today.
The flood was made doubly furious ;
by its plunge from mountains more
( than 6.000 feet high down to sea level
In only 30 miles. It left the Los
Angeles metropolitan district of more
than 2,000.000 population virtually
isolated.
It caused havoc along a 170-mile
front—from the City of Ventura on
the north to San Juan Capistrano on
the south. Both cities are the sites of ,
historic Spanish missions still in use. ;
Eastern boundary of the flood was the
San Bernardino mountain range, be
yond which lies the great American
desert. i
Film Folks Marooned.
Flooded roads in the exclusive
( Malibu Beach district, where many
' motion picture stars reside, tem
porarily marooned some film folk,
including Director Prank Capra, Actor
Neil Hamilton and Madeline Carroll, '
actress.
At Las Flores Beach, east, of Malibu. !
fit least three houses were washed into
the ocean, large sections of the Roose
velt highway, following the shoreline, !
were washed away, and 20-foot land
slides tumbled onto the road at other
points.
Palm Springs, desert resort center |
120 miles east of here, was reported j
without light or heat last night and
facing a shortage of food and milk.
Palm Springs is a popular week end |
rendezvous of many film stars, butj
t (See FLOOD. Page A-3.)
t MARYLAND PRIMARY
DATE SET FOR SEPT. 12
t -
Party Chairmen Agree on Plans
for Balloting for State
Officials.
By the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE. March 4.—Mary
land's primary elections will be Mon
day. September 12.
The date, agreed upon by W. Da
vid Tilghman, jr„ Republican State
chairman, and Josephua N. Warfield,
Democratic State chairman, was an
‘ nounced today by J. George Eierman,
president of the Board of Supervisors
of Elections.
Under the law the party chairmen j
were empowered to select any date !
between September 8 and September
15.
■ -—•.
BONDS TO BE ISSUED
Treasury to Exchange Them for
Notes Maturing March 15.
^ By the Associated Press.
The Treasury announced last night
It would issue bonds in exchange for
•* $455,175,500 worth of 3 per cent Treas
ury notes maturing March 15.
The Interstate rate, maturity and
other details will be announced later.
President Suggests 15th Psalm
For Anniversary Story ‘Lead’
.a ...__
President and Mrs. Roosevelt as they arrived at St. Johii’s
Church today. —A. P. Photo.
President Roosevelt, returning
from the services at St. John's for
the fifth anniversary of his in
auguration as President, suggested
to newspaper men that they should
ure the 15ih Psalm as the “lead"
of any story they might write to
day. This was the text of the
service at St. John's.
The 15th Psalm as read at the
service follows:
"1. Lord, who shall dwell in Thv
Tabernacle? Or who shall rest
upon Thy holv hill?
"2. Even he that leadeth an un
corrupt life, and doeth the thing
which is right, and speaketh the
truth from his heart.
"3. He that hath used no deceit
in his tongue, nor done evil to his
CRIPPS DIES
ON YACHT AT t
Magnate Was Chief Owner
of Chain of 24 Papers.
Hemorrhage Victim.
(Picture on Page A-12.)
By the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO. March 4 —Rob
ert P. Scripps. 42. principal stock
holder in the Scripps-Howard national
nev.spapef chain, died aboard his
yacht off Lower California, it was
learned here early today.
The publishing executive, who began
his newspaper career at the age of
16. died while the yacht, the Novia Del
Mar. was anchored off Santa Mar
garita Island, Lower California.
Coast Guard headquarters here was
informed that Mr. Scripps' body was
transferred Wednesday evening to the
Panama Pacific liner Pennsylvania,
due in Los Angeles Saturday. The
time of his death was not contained
in a message from the liner.
Mr. Scripps was stricken seriously :
ill while on a trip to Hawaii last sum- :
mer. Death resulted from an internal ’
hemorrhage.
Confirmation of the death was given
in New York City by William W.
Hawkins, chairman of the board of
Seripps-Howard.
Father Founded Chain.
Mr. Scripps was (he son of the late
E. \V. Scripps. founder of the news
paper chain which Is represented by
dailies in many large cities of the
United States. The elder Scripps also
died aboard a yacht, but when the ■
vessel was off the coast of Africa.
Mr. Scripps was born in San Diego
and at 16 began his newspaper career
as a reporter and correspondent.
A graduate of Pomona College
tCalif.>, he became editorial director
of the Scripps-Howard and Scripps
McRae newspapers in 1917.
Also in 1917, Mr. Scripps married
Margaret Lou Culbertson, who sur
vives him together with their children,
Robert Paine, jr.: Charles Edward,
Margaret Ellen, Nackey Elizabeth,
Samuel Holtsingcr and Edward Wyl
lis. 3d.
He was president and treasurer of
the E. W. Scripps Co. and a director
of the Newspaper Enterprise Associa
tion Service, the Newspaper Informa
tion Service and of the United Press ;
Associations. He also wras a trustee
of Miami University.
Controlled Papers.
Control of the Scripps-Howard news
papers is vested in a trust founded by
Mr. Scripps’ father, it was explained
today at the general offices of the
chain in New York.
During his lifetime, Robert P.
Scripps was the sole trustee and as
such the controlling stockholder. The
trust provided that in the event of his
death, the control shall be vested in
three trustees.
They are: Roy W. Howard, chair
man of the Executive Committee of
all Scripps-Howard corporations; Wil
liam W. Hawkins, chairman of the
board, and George B. Parker, editor
in chief of the newspaper chain. Mr.
Howard is the senior trustee.
Mr. Scripps maintained homes in
West Chester, Ohio, and at Miramar,
San Diego County, Calif.
Twenty-four newspapers constitute
the Scripps-Howard chain. They are:
New York World-Telegram, Cleve
land Press, Pittsburgh Press, Cincin
nati Post, Columbus Citizen, Buffalo
Times. San Francisco News, Washing
ton News, Indianapolis Times, Okla
homa City News, Toledo News-Bee,
Knoxville News-Sentinel, Memphis
Press-Scimitar, Memphis Commercial
Appeal, Birmingham Post, Houston
Press, Fort Worth Press, El Paso
Herald-Post, Albuquerque State Trib
une. San Diego Sun. Akron Times
Press, Covington Kentucky Post,
Denver Rocky Mountain News and
Evansville, Ind., Press.
5 ■ i
I neighbor, and hath not slandered
hir neighbor.
'4. He that setteth not by hint
self. but is lowly in his own eyes,
and maketh much of them that
fear the Lord.
‘‘5. He that sweareth unto his
neighbor and disappointeth hint
not, though it were to his own
hindrance.
"6 Hp that hath not given his
money upon usury, nor taken re
ward against the innocent.
‘‘7. Who so doeth these things
shall never fall "
'This would be something new.''
said the President. He suggested
that "Steve” Early, one of his sec
retaries, might provide copies.
TODAY ON D. C. BILL
Increases, if They Stand,
May Require $5,000,000
More in Taxes.
By J. A. O’LEARY
The Senate may act today on the
1939 District supply bill, reported from
the Appropriations Committee late
yesterday by Senator Thomas, Demo
crat, of Oklahoma, with its total raised
to $48,156,328, an increase of $3,000,
000 above the House.
Although a substantial part of the
increase is for construction work out
of the separate highway and water
funds, where ample money is avail
able to pay for the added items, other
changes bring the city’s general fund
deficit, requiring new taxation, up to
at least $4,000,000. Some District offi
cials believe the deficit should bo
figured at between $4,700,000 ana
$5,000,000 on the theory that the busi
ness privilege tax will not produce the
expected yield for the current year.
When it passed the House a month
ago. the bill totaled $45,075,122. and
left the tax deficit at about $2,000,000.
After the Senate has passed the bill,
the Senate changes will be subject to
further revision in conference where
it is expected the total Senate in
crease in the bill will be trimmed down
by compromises.
An unexpected last-minute develop
ment in Senate committee was the
aproval of $106,400 for 50 additional
policemen to combat crime and aid
traffic enforcement.
Raises Highway Expenditures.
A major part of the revision was
in the highway fund, where the com
mittee substituted its own bridge pro
gram for that of the House and made
about $1,000,000 more available for
ordinary street paving, in order to
avoid leaving an idle surplus in this
fund, which could not be used for any
other purpose.
Likewise, in the separate water fund,
where the House measure left a sur
plus of $653,811, which could not be
(See”DISTRICT”BILlT Page~A^57)“
Summary of Today's Star
Fage. | Page.
Amusements, . Obituary... A-12
C-5-6 Radio_ B-16
Comics C-10-111 Short Story..A-20
Editorials A-10 Society_ B-3
Finance A-17 Sports.... C-l-2-3
Lost & Found C-5 Woman’s Pg._ C-4
FOREIGN.
Japanese Premier Hirota ’’sorry” if u.
S fortifies coast. Page A-l
Plot to kill Stalin described in Soviet
trial. Page A-l
Czechoslovakian Premier says nation
will stay free. Page A-4
Great Britain's naval budget is $600,
000,000 this year. Page A-4
NATIONAL.
Bodies of 95 flood victims hunted in
California silt. Page A-l
R. P. Scripps, 42, newspaper magnate,
dies. Page A-l
Fire at Fort Niagara destroys $150,000
barracks. Fage A-8
Navy bill foes against "Asiatic excur
sions” for fleet. PageB-19
WASHINGTON AND NEARBY.
Senate may act today on $48,156,328
District bill. Page A-l
Rush of tenant applications awaited
at Langston. Page B-l
Twenty hold-ups believed solved with
arrest of colored man. Page B-l
Columbia agrees to accept G. H. A.
maternity cases. Page B-l
Visiting Sultan holds press conference
amid receptions. Page B-l
D. C. health seen victim of lay minds
in Congress. Page B-5
Boy. 10, dies of trafllc hurts; several
‘OLD SHIP OF STATE
STILL ON COURSE.'
PRESIDENT SAYS
!
Roosevelt Reviews His Five
Years in White House
on Anniversary.
DISCUSSES OBJECTIVES
IN PRESS CONFERENCE
I Again Declares Self in Favor
of the Final Enactment of
Wage-Hour Law.
Bv G. GOULD LINCOLN.
President Roosevelt, commenting '
today on the fifth anniversary of his |
becpming Chief Executive, said:
"The significant thing after five 1
years is that the old ship of state is ‘
still on the same course.”
The President was speaking at his
regular press conference. He dis
cussed In some detail the objectives
of his administration and commented
that already much has been achieved.
He referred particularly to what is
being done for the farmers through
the crop control bill, which he said
also would be of great benefit to in
1 dustrial workers and manufacturers.
To Press Wage-Hour Bill.
The President again declared him
self in favor of the enactment ot the
j wages and hours law for labor,
j Maybe we won't get it at this session
I of Congress.” he said, "although I
I hope we will. It ties into the whole.
We have gone a long way.” ,
i The President said that one of the
i objectives oi his administration was
! to increase the purchasing power of
! the people. Another, he said, was
to end special privilege. With regard
to ending special privilege, he ad
mitted there was much to do.
"There is still a great deal of spe
cial privilege,” said the President.
"The tax bill of two years ago and
the tax Dill of last year were intended
to end certain special privileges like
tne incorporation of yachts to prevent
; the payment of just taxes. I am sure
the country sympathizes with this pur
pose to end special privilege.”
Criticizes Tax Move.
At the outset of his press confer
! once the President criticized em
! phatically the proposed repeal, in the
j new tax bill, of the law providing for
! the publication of salaries of corpora- '
tion officials of $15,000 or over.
“I am very, very sorry that this
provision has been left out,” said the
President.
He said that he considered private
office, just as public office, to be a
, public trust. Theoretically, the Pres- |
ident said, a stockholder has the right
to go to a meeting in a small town in
Kentucky or Delaware and ask what :
the president of the corporation got
' last year.
‘Tt doesn't work out that way," ;
said the President.
He added that he saw no reason why j
i the public should not have this in- '
formation as well as the stockholders.
He pointed out that until a congres- j
sional investigation brought it out. the
public did not know that President
Grace of Bethlehem Steel was getting
a million dollars a year. A wave of
indignation, he said, went over the
country when that was brought out.
Tlie President defended the so-called
| penalty provision of the new tax bill,
i imposing special taxes on closely held
and family-owned corporations.
Declared in “Black.”
Some of these closely held corpo
rations, he said, showed at the end
of the year no profit or were just in
I the black, according to their books,
j At the same time, he said, it was pos
I sible for the officials of these eom
; penies to pay themselves very large
salaries, which were not known to the
general public.
These closely held corporations, pay
~ (See ROOSEVELT, Page A-3.)
Six Off on Ocean Hop.
MIAMI, Fla.. March 4 CflPj.—Dr.
Richard Archbold and his crew of five
took off from Pan-American Airport
for a non-stop flight for Jamaica or
the Virgin Islands early today. He
said he would decide later where he
would land his $250,000 flying boat.
The flight was designed as an addi
| tional test for the plane preparatory
to an expedition to New Guinea.
: FINANCIAL.
Corporate bonds gain
(table). Page A-17
Retail trade improves. Page A-17
Freight loadings down. Page A-17
Stocks edge up (table). Page A-18
Curb shares uneven (table). Page A-19
General Electric cuts dividend.
Page A-19
SPORTS.
Eastern. Western play tonight in The
Star basket tourney. Page C-l
Cunningham runs mile in 4:04.4 for
new world record. Page C-l
Weaver alters slab style to avoid “tip
ping pitches. Page C-2
Fair track conditions seen for big
Santa Anita race. Page C-2
Barlund bout tonight “turning point”
for Buddy Baer. Page C-3
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. Page A-10
This and That. Page A-lo
Answers to Questions. Page A-10
Political Mill. Page A-10
Washington Observations. Page A-10
David Lawrence. Ps£ge A-ll
The Capital Parade. Page A-ll
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-ll
Constantine Brown. Page A-ll
Lemuel Parton. Page A-ll
MISCELLANY.
Bedtime Story. Page A-14
Service Orders. Page B-8
Shipping News. Page B-19
City News in Brief. Page C-5
Cross-word Puzzle. Page C-10
Letter-Out. Page C-10
Nature’s Children. Page C-12
Vital Statistics. C-12
f GLENN'WHIL^X
\ You're, in the mood
/TO TACKLE. GAKGAMTUAN
TASKS, MEBBEVOU CAN
MAKE our MY IUCOME
C TAX? )
1 FLEE BLAZE
AT A.F.L BUILDING
Green’s Parley Broken Up
and One Person Hurt
in Blaze.
Fire in the basement of the seven
story American Federation of Labor
Building shortly before noon to
day routed approximately 300 em
ployes and broke up a conference be
tween President William Green and
representatives of the Master Mates j
and Pilots and Longshoremen Unions.
One person was injured and damage,
according to estimates of employes, 1
amounted to about $3,000.
The blaze started when a kettle of
wax being heated by Leo De Thierry, ;
53. superintendent of the building, up
set and fire from the heater spread
over the storejoom. Mr. De Thierry's :
arm was burned by the hot wax from
the elbow down to his hand. He was
given first aid by the rescue squad.
Firemen Called.
He said he attempted to put out the
fire, but was unable to get it under
control. Firemen first were summoned
by telephone and later an alarm was
turned in from a box near Ninth
street and Massachusetts avenue NAV.
Smoke from the fire poured from
the basement through the stairway
and elevator shafts. Elevator service
was put out of order immediately and
many of the fleeing employes were
forced to use the outside fire escapes.
Two clerks. John Krouse and Mrs. 1
Fannie Carr, were partially overcome
by smoke, but were revived at the
scene.
Mr. Green did not leave the building
after his conference, which was tak
ing place on the top floor, had been
interrupted by the billowing smoke. i
He retired to his office to wait for the !
firemen to extinguish the blaze.
Others at Conference.
ALso sitting: in on the conference
were W. C. Roberts, chairman of the
federation's Legislative Committee,
and Frank Morrison, secretary of the
federation.
The blaze was brought under con- ■
trol in about 30 minutes, but not
before it had destroyed a large quan
tity of office supplies and flags and
other materials used by the federa
tion during conventions and special
sessions.
The building was ordered closed by
officials until 2 p.m. to allow time i
for the dense smoke to clear from
the corridors and offices. Elevator
service w»as resumed shortly after
firemen brought the blaze under con
trol to allow clerks and officials, who
had remained in the building, a
chance to leave without walking down
the steps.
Several hundred spectators watch
ed firemen, who responded with 15
pieces of apparatus, battle the flames j
which at one time were jutting i
through a basement window into the
street.
-— —
BERRY PROMISED FIGHT
IN SENATORIAL RACE
Representative Mitchell and Phil
Whitaker Enter Campaign
Against Incumbent.
By the Associated Press.
NASHVILLE. Tenn., March 4 —
Representative J. Ridley Mitchell of
Cookeville and Phil Whitaker, 46
year-old Chattanooga attorney and
World War major, will oppose Senator
George L. Berry for the Democratic
senatorial nomination in the August 4
primary.
Mr. Mitchell announced in Wash
ington today. Mr. Whitaker's inten
tions were announced at Chattanooga
late yesterday by his brother Ken.
Senator Berry remarked at Knox
ville yesterday that he felt "slighted”
because no one had announced. Sena
tor Berry is serving by appointment of
Gov. Gordon Browning.
Two Executed by Gas.
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo.. March 4
(/P).—Two Kansas City colored slayers
were put to death together today in
Missouri's first lethal gas execution.
John Brown, 35, and William
Wright, 32, had been .sentenced to
hang, but the Legislature revised the
capital punishment law last year,
substituting gas execution as adopted
in recent years by Nevada, Arizona.
Colorado, North Carolina and Wyo
ming.
U. S. to Ask 3 Million
From New York for
“Enticing” Officials
By the Associated Press.
Attorney General Cummings
said today after a conference
with Mayor Fiorella H. La
Guardia that the Department of
Justice would file suit against
New York City for $3,000,000
within a few days.
The controversy involves New
York's financial responsibility to
the Government for its "enticing '
Federal officials into vacating the
site of the old post office build
ing in favor of a new location.
Under terms of an old agree
ment the old site was to revert to
the city when no longer used by
the Government.
Mi. Cummings emphasized that
the suit was "entirely a friendly
proceeding ”
RICHBERG SEES WAY
TO BAR DICTATORSHIP
_ !
Industrial Planning Vital to
Preserve Present System, j
Ex-N. R. A. Head Says.
Ej the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. March 4 —Donald R
Richberg. former N. R. A. admin
istrator. said last night that only
democratic industrial planning could
save the country from dictatorship.
He urged. In a speech before the
New Yorlc Board of Trade, the crea
tion of a Federal bureau to encourage 1
and supervise self-governing industrial '
associations which would co-ordinate '
production and distribution. Such a
step, he predicted, would create busi
ness confidence and stimulate recovery
from the recession.
“Only by such means can we ex
pect to create and to sustain a respon
sible democracy." he asserted.
He added that “irresponsible" mon
archies and democracies failed the
Russian. Italian and German peoples
and in each case “a ruthless but re
sponsible dictatorship came into
power.”
Mr. Richberg reiterated that he
opposes re-establishment of the old
N R. A., but asserted that the com
plex economic mechanism can no
more run itself than can the ma
chinery in a factory.
WEDDING OF KING ZOG |
IS SET FOR APRIL 25
_ j
Civil Ceremony to Take Place
in Tirana Palace—Three-Day
Holiday Planned.
B» I he Associated Press.
TIRANA, Albania. March 4.—The
wedding of King Zog of Albania and
Countess Geraldine Apponyi, whose
mother was an American, was set to
day for April 25 in the Tirana Palace.
Only the civil ceremony will take
place then. Pandeli Evangbeli. Presi
dent of Parliament, will perform it.
Albania will have a three-day holi
day, beginning April 24, to celebrate
the event.
The 22-year-old countess is the
daughter of the former Gladys Vir
ginia Stewart of New York, who was
married July 29, 1914, to Count Julius
Nagy-Apponyi, member of the old
Hungarian families of Apponyi and
Karolyi.
COL E. M. HOUSE FAILING
Confidential Aide to Wilson
Declared ‘to Be Growing Worse.’
NEW YORK, March 4 OP).—Col.
Edward M. House. 79, confidential aide
and wartime adviser to President
Woodrow Wilson, was seriously ill at
his home today.
Dr. Paul B. Sheldon said Col. House
had been suffering from a complica
tion of ailments for several weeks and
was “failing steadily.”
"I don’t believe his condition is due
tr any particular disease,” Dr. Sheldon
said. “He is just old.” He added that
Col. House’s condition probably would
not reach a critical stage for at least
a month.
Czechs Cheer Hoover.
PRAHA, Czechoslovakia, March 4
OP).—A great crowd cheered Herbert
Hoover when he arrived here today.
President Benes planned a reception
for the former American President
later today.
PLOT TO MURDER
Defendant in Moscow Trial
Says Dead Officer Was
Author of Plan.
P> the Associated Press.
MOSCOW. March 4—A plot to
seize the Kremlin and kill Joseph
Stalin and other Soviet leaders in
May. 1937. with Marshal Mikhail N.
Tukhaehevsky as leader, was described
today by one of the 21 defendants in
Moscow's greatest blood purge trial.
Marshal Tukhaehevsky was one of
eight leaders of the Red Army court
martialed and executed as traitors on
June 13. shortly after the alleged plot
was to have been carried out.
Ao. P. Rosengoltz, former com
missar of foreign trade and 1 of 21
fallen Russians on trial accused of
treason and murder, told of the in
trigue during the trial's third day.
Rosengoltz declared that the exiled
Leon Trotzky. described in this and
other trials as arch-enemy of the
present Soviet regime, had sought the
assassination of Stalin and his col
leagues in revenge for the execution
of Gregory PiatakofT.
One of Original Followers.
Piatakoff. a former vice commissar
of heavy industry, was 1 of 13 alleged
followers of Trotzky executed after
the treason trial of January, 1937.
Rosengoltz said Trotzky. now in
Mexico, wrote a letter expressing in
dignation at Piatakoff's confession dur
ing the 1937 trial and ordered other
Trotzkyists to refrain from doing the
same if arrested.
' Was this the cause of your denial of
guilt,” Prosecutor Andrei J. Vishinskv
asked Nicholas M. Krestinsky. who
stood in the prisoners' box beside
Rosengoltz. Krestinsky Wednesday re
canted his pre-trial confession, de
clared his innocence, but yesterday
changed his plea to one of "completely
guilty of all crimes” charged against
him.
"No.” replied Krestinsky. Under
question he added that he was arrested
during May, 1937. and that he began
his confession after a week in prison.
Unsuccessful attempts to invoke
British aid to separate middle Asia
from the Soviet Union through armed
revolt were described earlier in the
confession of Faysulla KhodjaiefT.
KhodjaiefT. confessed leader of a
separatist movement, once was presi
dent of the Uzbek Soviet Republic, in
Central Asia, and Is a nephew of the
last Emir of Bokhara.
Polish Intrigue Claimed.
He testified that Uzbek Nationalists
trained leaders for insurrection by
sending young boys to Germany and
Turkey to be educated.
His testimony followed confessions
of intrigue with the Polish general
staff and a plot to assassinate the So
viet Union's war commissar, all broad
ening the pattern of the admitted con
spiracies of the 21 accused as traitors,
murderers and spies against the U. S.
S. R.
KhodjaiefT said the Middle Asian
Nationalists resented Stalin's stand
against self-sufficiency for Uzbekistan.
(See-PURGE, Page A-4.)
■ ■ ■ - .-.■ m ■' ■ 1
NAVAL OFFICER’S TRIAL
IN FATAL BLAST ENDS

Testimony at Court-Martial of
Lt. Marshall to Be Sent
to Department.
By the Associated Press. 4
PHILADELPHIA. March 4—The
court-martial of Lt. Henry Morris
Marshall. 34-year-old engineering
officer, on charges of neglect of duty
in the fatal explosion aboard the de
stroyer Cassin was concluded yester
day.
Comdr. Clarence Gulbranson, com
mandant of the Naval Ammunition
Depot at Fort Mifflin and president
of the court, said the testimony would
be sent to the Navy Department at
Washington for action.
Six civilian workers and - an en
listed man were killed last August
when a steamline blew out in a fire
room during a test. The court-mar
tial followed the report of a board of
inquiry.
While Lt. Marshall awaits the ver
dict of the Navy Department, Rear
Admiral Wat T. Cluverius, com
mandant of the navy yard, today will
present the Navy Cross to John Koif,
chief water tender on the Cassin, for
his heroism in the rescue of the civil
ian workers trapped in the steam
filled flreroom.
HIROTA DENIES U. S.
NEED OF DEFENSE
IN SPEECH 10 DIET
“Sorry for America” if
Hawaii and Alaska
Are Fortified.
MEANS EXPENSE FUTILE
IN FACE OF SECURITY
Premier Says Tokio Is Ready
to Talk Navy Reductions.
Mentions Hull Notes.
BACKGROUND—
Japan’s armed forces have taken
over a large section of Chinese ter
ritory in an effort to queU. alleged
anti-Japanese activities on the
continent. The Mikado's govern
ment has repeatedly taken stand
against encroachment of Com
munism in Asia, leading to charges
that Tokio is trying to dominate the
continent of Asia commercially and
islands of the Pacific politically.
B> the Associated Press
TOKIO. March 4—Japan's Foreign
Minister Hirota, urging world naval
reduction by abolishing all large war
ships, told a parliamentary budget
committee today he was "sorry for
America" if the United State* were
building Pacific Coast defenses in fear
of Japan.
Hirota told the committee relations
with the United States were friendly
when a committee member broke in
to ask:
"But it seems the United States is
fortifying Hawaii and Alaska. Does
the foreign minister believe the Amer
ican people fully understand Japan?"
“Japan's policy toward the United
States already was made clear in my
speech opening the Diet. We are
doing our best to promote friendship
through an exchange of messages with
Secretary Hull.
"This policy will be unchanged in
the’ future.
"However, if it is true the United
Stales is fortifying the Pacific Coast
to provide against Japan, I am sorry
for America."
Alludes to Kxpen.se.
A foreign office spokesman said later
that while "I am sorry for America
was a literal translation of Hirota.
words, the meaning to Americans and
i to Japanese was different.
1 Hirota's meaning might be expressed
; better, the foreign office spokesman
said, thus: "I am sorry America feels
j the necessity of taking such a step
which is an unnecessary expenditure
because Japan has no intention oi
attacking.”
Turning to naval building, Hirota
. told questioners:
"Japan would welcome the oppor
tunity to discuss the question of
naval reduction with the powers.
“If such opportunity appears, th"
Japanese government will propose the
total abolition of capital ships.”
(Capital ships, defined by the
1921-22 naval treaties, are those
■ not aircraft carriers, of more than
10.000 tons and with guns of
more than 8-inch caliber.
(The suggestion was the most
direct by Japanese since the Tokio
government refused to divulge her
naval building program at the re
quest of the United States, Britain
I and France after reports Japan
was building battleships of more
than 35.000 tons—the limit set in
the London naval treaty of which
the three Western powers are
signatories.)
War Minister Apologize*.
Parliament apparently gained a poim
■ in its bitter, protracted conflict with
| the government over the national mo
bilization bill when the powerful min
ister of war, Gen. Gen Sugiyama. apol
ogized to a House of Representative
| committee for the conduct of an arm.
j officer who told committee members to
"shut up.”
Lt. Col. Masaki Sato of the war
office's military affairs bureau, ap
i peared unannounced before the com
mittee and began a harangue on pa
triotism. supporting the biU. Members
quickly questioned his status and eli
gibility to speak.
On the Diet floor itself, lawmakers
heard a brief revival of discussion on
the sinking of the United States gun
boat Panay by Japanese Navy bombers
near Nanking December 12.
A representative, referring to the
incident, recommended that the navy
appoint officers "more familiar with
international questions" to posts where
such questions might arise.
He received a reply from Admiral
Mitsumasa Yonai. naval minister, that
the Panay bombing was the result of
inadequate communications and that
steps had been taken to remedy the
situation.
PERSHING’S HEART
CAUSE FOR CONCERN
Remains Only Grave Factor in
Illness, According to His
Physician.
Bj the Associated Press.
TUCSON, Ariz., March 4.—The con
dition of Gen. John J. Pershing's
heart remained the only grave factor
today in an illness from which he ap
parently was making steady recovery.
Dr. Roland Davison tempered his
report of “satisfactory progress” with
the statement, "The condition of his
heart still gives us some concern, but
at present it is apparently meeting the
demands made upon it.”
The 77-year-old World War com
mander, ill since February 5, felt so
sWong last night he wanted to don
clothing and read newspapers, but
physicians paid little heed.
The general told his orderly, Sergt.
C. C. ShaefTer:
“I am going to get up tomorrow.’*
ShaefTer agreed the general could
have his clothing—without sayin*
when.
*

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