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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 06, 1938, Image 1

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(0, S. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Rain early this morning, followed by
clearing and oolder today; much colder
this afternoon and tonight; tomorrow,
fair and continued cold. Temperatures
yesterday—Highest, 67, at 3 p.m.; lowest,
33, at 1 a.m. Pull report on page A-2.
Full Associated Press
News and Wirephotos
Sunday Morning and
Every Afternoon.
X^ 1 700 V/, •) 1 077 Entered as second class matter
J>0. J.*4a-U- i>0. *• post office, Washington. D. C.
_ WASHINGTON, D. C., MARCH 6, 1938-118 PAGES.
* five cents ten cents
Head of House Committee
Defends Navy Bill for
Debate Is Expected to Start on
Thursday—Emphasis Placed on
Other Powers' Moves.
In 1921 the United States took
the lead in a world naval reduction
program, and through succeeding
pears has advocated the principle of
arms limitation. Unsuccessful in
this, and with the tension among
the great powers steadily increas
ing, this country has turned to
the building of her own sea force.
The Roosevelt SI.121,546.000 naval
authorization bill, designed to give the
Nation adequate defense, is defended
in a comprehensive report made public
last night by Chairman Vinson of the
House Naval Affairs Committee.
The need for proposed naval ex
pansion is woven into an historical
sketch of naval building, here and
abroad, since the days of the Wash
ington Naval Limitation Conference,
in 1921-2. Chairman Vinson showed
not only that the United States had
. been permitted to lag behind its
“treaty strength” while other naval
powers maintained theirs but that
other nat al powers, since the expira
tion of the naval limitation treaties,
both Washington and London, have
built and are building far in excess
of the former limits.
Speaking in the report for the ma
jority of the committee which has
approved the bill, 20 to 3, Chairman
Vinson insists that the naval program
is for defense only. There is not an
ounce of aggression in it, he says.
Most Powerful Weapons.
The chairman sets forth at con
siderable length the reasons for con
tinuing the construction of battle
ships on the ground that they are the
most powerful weapons of the Navy.
This argument is'designed to counter
act the expected onslaught of aircraft
proponents when debate gets under
The bill authorizes the construc
tion of 46 combatant ships, 3 battle
ships. 2 aircraft carriers, 9 cruisers.
23 destroyers and 9 submarines, at an
estimated cost of *731.095.000. It also
authorizes the construction of 22
auxiliary vessels, 5 destroyer tenders,
3 submarine tenders, 4 seaplane tend
ers (large), 7 seaplane tenders ismall)
and 3 repair ships, at an estimated
cost of *246,451,000.
It authorizes the purchase of 950
airplanes at a cost of *106,000.000.
There is authorization, too, for equip
ment and facilities at navy yards for
building ships at an estimated cost of
$8,000,000; for an expenditure of ;
*15,000,000 for experimental purposes,
including one lighter-than-air craft
and *15,000,000 for contract authori
Debate Begins Thursday.
The naval bill is to be taken up
In the House Thursday, when general
debate is expected to begin. On Tues
day Chairman Vinson will appear
before the House Rules Committee to
ask for a special rule for the bill's
consideration, and he expects to get it.
A minority report, attacking the bill i
and giving the views of Representa
tives Church of Illinois, Brewster of
Maine and Cole of New York, all Re
publicans, will be filed in the House
Notwithstanding the persistent at
tacks of various peace organizations
on the naval building program, indi
cations are that the bill will be ap
proved by the House by a large ma
jority. Its opponents are talking of
polling 100 to 150 votes. The debate
Is expected to bring an attack on' the
administration's foreign policy and a
charge that the bill is not for defense,
but a policy measure. The division
over the bill is not along party lines,
for many of the opponents are Pro
gressives and Democrats.
Expects Prompt Action.
After the bill is passed by the House,
It will go to the Senate, where Chair
man Walsh of the Senate Naval Affairs
Committee expects prompt and favor
able action. Because of lengthy hear
ings before the House committee, the
Senate committee's hearings will be
comparatively brief. Opponents are
_ basing what hopes they have on the
Senate. However, the prediction was
made last night that the Senate also
would vote the bill after a searching
In a special message on national
defense the President on January 28
recommended to Congress that “the
existing authorized building program
for increases and replacements ip the
Navy be increased by 20 per cent.”
He also recommended that Congress
authorize *15,000,000 for the fcon
ctruction of a number of new types of
small naval vessels, experimental in
nature. The bill is the answer to his
request. ,
“There is nothing in this program
that will permit of aggressive action,
or of projecting an attack against the
(See NAVY, Page A-3.)
Decree Forbids Brewing of Heavy
Beverages Except for Export.
BERLIN, March 5 (*>).—A Nazi de
cree today forbade brewing of bock
beer, porter and other very heavy
beers except for export.
The object of the order was to con
serve barley to feed live stock. Beer
sellers were permitted to serve pres
ent supplies until they are exhausted.
An exception was made for export
ed beers because they bring in needed
foreign exchange. The decree caused
dismay among Germany’s millions,
who were looking forward to early
spring—the bock beer season.
Action Is Started to Deport
Bridges on ‘Red’ Charges
C. 1. O. Marine Union
Head Arraigned in
For more than four years, Harry
Bridges, who came into this country
as a seaman, has been a potent
figure in Pacific Coast shipping
circles. Head of the West Coast
longshoremen’s organization, he
was a leader in the general strike
in San Francisco, ‘in 1934, and in
maritime strikes in 1934 and 1936.
In the A. F. of L.-C. I. O. split
he led his followers into the camp
of John L. Lewis.
Exportation proceedings against
Harry Bridges, West Coast official of
the Committee for Industrial Organi
zation and president of the Interna
tional Longshoremen’s and Ware
i housemen's Union, who has been ac
cused of Communistic connections in
Senate hearings on maritime labor
conditions, were started yesterday by
the Bureau of Immigration and Nat
uralization of the Labor Department.
The deportation warrant was served
on the Australian-born labor leader
in Baltimore. A preliminary hearing
followed, at-which Mr. Bridges waived
formal examination, and a formal
hearing was ordered for April 25 at
San Francisco. .
Back in Washington, Mr. Bridges
Issued a statement saying the hearing
had been called at his request and that
he welcomed it as an opportunity to
expose the “convicted felons, stool
pigeons and perjured witnesses” who
had made the charges against him
and the purpose of this "red-baiting"
campaign “to destroy labor organiza
tions by attacking their elected offi
Explains Proceedings.
James L. Houghteling, immigration
commissioner, said the proceedings,
which have been under consideration
:n the department for some time, would
be based on provisions of the Immi
Kration Act, which requires deporta
tion of aliens found to be members of
or affiliated with groups which advo
cate the overthrow of the Government
by force and violence, or which cir
culate literature advising or teaching
such doctrines.
Prior to the service of the warrant,
Mr. Bridges had issued a statement
renewing his attack on Chairman
Copeland and the Senate Commerce
Committee, which has been consider
ing proposals to amend the Maritime
Labor Act by setting up a mediation
system, comparable to that which has
maintained order in railroad labor re
lations. as advocated by Joseph P.
Kennedy while chairman of the Mari
time Commission, and opposed by Sec
retary of Labor Perkins.
It was during this committee's hear
ings on maritime labor conditions that
the charges of Communism against
Mr. Bridges and other C. I. O. mari
time labor leaders were made by Joseph
P. Ryan, head of the Interna
(See BRIDGES, Page A-7.) ~
Trotzkyists Confesses to All
Crimes, Even Those He
Didn’t Know About.
Twenty-one persons once high in
official Soviet circles went on trial
Wednesday in Russia's latest "sen
sational" treason and sabotage
case. They are charged with mur
der of at least five Soviet leaders,
including Maxim Gorky, the famous
writer. The Soviet purge has been
under way for years, thousands
having been exiled or executed by
the Stalin regime. In virtually all
cases the accused men confessed
abjectly, deploring their association
with "capitalism" and foes of
Soviet aims.
B» the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, March 5.—Nikolai Bu
charin, second only to Leon Trotzky
as the Soviet-designated archdevil of
the Bolshevik revolution, tonight made
a sweeping confession of all crimes
charged against him in Russia's great
est treason trial.
With outspread arms. Bucharin
pleaded guilty to all the charges, "even
those I did not know about bee: use I
was the leader and not the switch
The one-time chronicler of the red
revolution said he was guilty of "be
longing to a Rightist-Trotzkyist bloc,
having been leader of a Rightist or
ganization illegal since 1928, and all
crimes committed by that organiza
The purpose of all the confessed
conspiracy was the restoration of capi
talism to Russia, he declared.
Sought Foreign Help.
“Germany. Japan and partially
England’’ were the foreign powers he
said the plotters sought to enlist with
promises of Soviet territory in return
for aiding in the dismemberment of
Bucharin asked the court if he could
say “a few words about the restora
tion of capitalism,” a request which
brought an outburst of laughter from
the spectators. •
“It certainly is your main occupa
tion.” returned the chief prosecutor,
Andrei Y. Vishinsky.
"I did not want to speak about the
ideological part of it in order to
reckon my responsibility,” said Bu
charin, “I merely wanted to answer
the question that the prosecutor has
asked of Christian Rakovsky (another
defendant)—in what name did the
Rightist-Trotzky bloc perpetrate their
crimes against the party, government
and Soviet people?
“I thought.this trial had the public
interest and I wanted to present the
platform for the restoration of capital
ism as we visualized it.
“Watching this trial, the public
opinion of our country and the world
may ask—How have the people of my
type become criminals and counter
revolutionaries? They may ask—In
what name did they perpetrate all
those foul crimes?”
His request to go into ideology was
denied when the prosecutor said, "Ac
cording to the criminal code, if Buch
arin means I cannot ask him what
ever questions I see fit, he is wrong.”
Before the session was adjourned
until Monday, however, Bucharin won
a promise from Vasily V. Ulrich, the
presiding judge, he could say all he
Bucharin spoke for an hour and
outlined as the “Rightist-Trotzkyist”
bloc’s objective a program of capitalism
and a political coalition with "cae
sarian tendencies.”
“Or Fascism,” Bucharin replied.
Main points in the program, he salti,
were freedom for the Kulaks (peas
ants), freedom from individual trad
(See MOSCOW, Page” A^T)
. Radio Programs, Page F-3.
Complete Index, Page A-S.
England Also Prepares Her
Demands to Germany for
British-ltalian friendship talks
were scheduled at request of Pre
meir Mussolini. Then came resig
nation of Anthony Eden, British
foreign secretary, who refused to
yield, to request under what he
considered,.pressure. Cabinet crisis
resulted, but Premier Chamberlain
won vote of confidence in Parlia
ment and Eden vowed he would not
lead any opposition to government s
venture, though predicting failure.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, March 5.—Great Britain,
having proclaimed to the world the
vastness of her armed might, tonight
sent her terms for friendship to Italy
and prepared her demands to Ger
many as the price of a general Euro
pean appeasement.
The Earl of Perth, British Ambas
sador to Italy, left for Rome with full
instructions from Prime Minister
Neville ' Chamberlain and Viscount
Halifax, the foreign secretary who suc
ceeded Anthony Eden, who resigned
rather than deal with dictators im
mediately on a •'practical" basis.
The groundwork also Was laid for
parallel talks with Germany through
a conference yesterday of Sir Neville
Henderson, British Ambassador to
Germany, with Reichsfuehrer Adolf
Hitler and German Foreign Minister
Joachim von Ribbentrop in Berlin.
German Envoy Expected.
These were expected to get under
way actively when Von Ribbentrop,
former German Ambassador to Lon
don, comes here next Wednesday to
take leave of his post and also to see
Premier Chamberlain and Lord Hali
At the same time the prime minister
has set into motion his new ‘‘realistic’'
diplomacy, he has disclosed how far
Britain has pushed her mammoth re
armament program in a year and what
still is to> come.
In this, Premier Chamberlain has
shown the government may spend even
more than the originally planned
£1.500,000.000 ($7,500,000,000) for the
five-year defense plan instead of trim
ming rearmament sails in anticipation
of the success of his foreign policy.
The new defense estimates, however,
took into consideration the possibility
of slowing down rearmament if
(See BRITAIN, Page A-3J "
Mountain Is Moving Again.
Earth Sinks 2 Feet by
300-Foot Crack.
Citizens Bolster Police Force to
Patrol City After Looting
of Two Homes.
By the Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES, March 5.—Relief
and recovery moved forward tonight
in the storm-torn areas of Southern
California while a death toll of 159
was tabulated.
Unsettled weather was forecast for
tomorrow with a potential storm area
forming of! the roast, but a cheering
crowd of more than 50,000 saw the
running of the $100,000 Handicap at
nearby Santa Anita race track.
The flood death list stood at 159.
with 63 identified and 22 unidentified
dead and 74 reported missing. Charles
Porter of Maywood, carried as dead,
had fallen into the Los Angeles River
but was rescued. The body of Maria
Zuniga, 8. o{ Fullerton, was found
at Anaheim, however, leaving the
totals from morning unchanged.
Mountain Moving Again.
Elysian Park's freak moving moun
tain, apparently' given new impetus
by heavy rains, began moving in a
new' section, causing police to order
persons from seven homes and three
business places.
A crack opened for a distance of
300 feet and about 1'2 miles west of
the slide which recently wrecked Riv
ersid* drive. In one place the earth
had sunk nearly 2 feet.
Eleven astronomers were marooned
at the Mount Wilson Observatory by
highway washouts, but reported
plenty of food on hand. Mount Wil
son topped the rainfall column in this
area, with 26 inches for the storm.
Following the looting of two homes
In Anaheim last night, 100 men with j
police power patrolled the city to- !
night, 60 of them from the National j
Guard. The Mayor estimated damage :
to city-owned property and streets
there at $225,000, while Orange Coun
ty's loss was placed at $3,500,000.
rack Horses Take rood.
Transportation methods of the early
days wero resorted to at San Bernar
dino, when 600 pounds of food was
pecked on horses to be taken to the
isolated Lake Arrowhead and Crest
line mountain resorts. A biker said
he was flying bread to the Big Bear
Valley, Palm Springs and Victorville.
Train service between Los Angeles
and San Francisco, and thence east,
w as restored today, with the Southern
Pacific and Santa Fe using buses to
carry passengers to and from trains
at Indio and Barstow, respectively.
Nearly all highways had been reopened
for travel.
At Fresno flood waters receded to
day after inundating 14 square miles
of residential and. outlying area, but
the rising San Joaquin River menaced
Firebaugh, refuge of 500 migratory
workers who had been forced to flee
from a labor camp.
The river reached dangerously near
the overflow stage at Firebaugh during
the afternoon and city officials con
ferred on plans to prevent actual In
undation if possible.
Previously high water had inundated '
the Miller Hotchkiss ranch labor camp
on the Madera side of the river and
the migratory workers and their chil
dren fled.
Garden District Inundated.
Fresno's fig garden district and some
lowlands were inundated by a break
in the Herndon Canal and by run-off
water in Dry Creek.
With some streams still at the eriti
<See-FLOODS, Page~A757)
John J. Jewell, Jr., Is Candidate
From Tennessee Fourth.
MURFREESBORO, Tenn., March 5
(A>).—John J. Jewell, jr., former State
Senator, announced tonight he would
be a candidate for the Democratic
nomination for Congress from the
fourth Tennessee district.
His entrance brought to three the
number seeking the seat of Represent
ative J. Ridley Mitchell, who yesterday
announced he would be a candidate for
the United States Senate in the Au
gust 4 primary.
Others in the race for Representa
tive are Walker Faulkner, Lebanon at
torney, and Albert Gore, State com
missioner of labor.
Driver Hurt When Car Hits
Light Pole on Corner—3
Hurt in District.
An Alexandria carpenter was killed
and a companion suffered slight in
juries whpn their automobile crashed
into an electric light pole and was
demolished in the Virginia city last
The dead man was Hugh Costello.
41, of 427 Cameron street, and the
driver was Seldon A. Baggett, 33, of
214 North Royal street.
Mr. Baggett was driving into Alex
andria on the Richmond-Washington
highway, police said, and his car
struck the pole when he attempted to
negotiate a turn at the intersection
of Patrick and Franklin streets.
The entire right side of the ma
chine was caved in, a portion of it
pinning Mr. Costello to his seat. He
was dead when extricated from the
Taken to Hospital.
Mr. Baggett was taken to Alexan
dria Hospital by Melvin Ayres of
R. P. D. 1. Alexandria, and was ad
mitted for further attention after re
ceiving first aid for minor cuts.
Police Sergt. Fred Kaus said Mr.
Baggett would be held for an inquest,
which Dr. Llewellyn Powell, Alexan
dria coroner, has set for 4 p.m. Tues
day at Alexandria police headquarters.
Surviving Mr. Costello are his wife.
Mrs. Josie Costello; two children. Josie
May and Hugh Costello, jr.; his
motner, Mrs. R. C. Costello of War
renton; three sisters, Mrs. J. S. Lam
bert and Mrs. C. N. Embrey. both of
Warrenton. and Mrs. L. M. Fletcher
of Alexandria, and three brothers. Ar
thur C. Costello. Lloyd B. Costello and
J. Walter Costello, all of Warrenton.
Mr. Costello was a native of War
renton, but moved here shortly after
returning from World War service.
His body was removed to Wheatley's
funeral home, Alexandria.
Three Others Hurt.
Virgil C. Sandy, jr., 22. of 76 T street
N.W.. operator of a Potomac Electric
Power Co. repair truck, was 'treated
at Emergency Hospital for shock after
an automobile hit his truck at New
Hampshiie avenue and I street N.W.
and fled without stopping.
Third precinct police later arrested
Larry Watts, 27, colored, 2309 E street
N.W., and charged him with leaving
after colliding and driving without a
District permit.
Martin J. Keady, 59, of 1338 K street
S.E., received cuts and a sprained
left hand when he stepped from a
loading platform in the 1100 block
Pennsylvania avenue N.W. into the
path of a street car operated by George
Beall, 52, of 5734 Third street N.W.
He was treated at Casualty Hospital.
Henry Sims, 31, colored, 1108 How
ard road S.E., was treated at Provi
dence Hospital for brush bums of the
legs and hands after an automobile
driven by Hamil L. Nicholson, 21, a
private at Bolling Field, struck him as
he was walking in the 2100 block
Michigan avenue N.E.
Stagehand Defeats
Seabiscuit by Nose;
War Admiral Wins
Stagehand, owned by Maxwell
Howard, trained by Earle Sande,
and ridden by Nick Wall, raced to
a nose victory over Seabiscuit In
the classic Santa Anita Handicap
at the Santa Anita, Calif,, track
yesterday, the triumph netting
Howard more than 591,000. Pom
poon, co-favorite with Seabiscuit,
finished six lengths behind the
winner for third money.
Tlie S50.000 Widener Cup race
at Hialeah Park was a breeze for
War Admiral, which, eased up,
scored by a length and a half over
the second horse. Zevson, with
War Minstrel third. War Ad
miral's victory brought his owner,
Samuel D. Riddle, $49,550.
(Complete details on Sports
Citizens Call on the House to
Put Teeth in District’s
Gambling Laws.
Denouncing the numbers game as
“major racket of the underworld.”
the Federation of Citizens’ Associa
tion last night called for House ap
proval of the bill to put new teeth
into the District’s anti-gambling laws,
which was passed more than a year
ago by the Senate.
The action was approved by unani
mous vote, in adoption of a report by
Frank B. Hoffman, new chairman of
the federation's Law and Legislative
Committee, on the basis of a resolu
tion suggested by the Stanton Park
Citizens’ Association. It was a
reiteration of a former stand taken by
the federation.
The bill, which would make pos
session of numbers slips prima facie
evidence of engagaing in the game,
was passed by the Senate on Febru
ary 10, 1937. but since has been held
in the House District Committee,
blocking House action. Representa
tive Palmisano of Maryland, commit
tee chairman, recently promised action
on the bill.
A one-man protest against the
action was made by William McK.
Clayton, delegate from Brightwood,
on the ground the committee did not
recommend the same sort of attack
on horse-race betting, but he did not
vote against the resolution.
In reply, Harry N. Stull of Stan
ton Park, federation vice president,
characterized the numbers game as
one of thfi most pernicious rackets,
since it is based on bets of pennies,
nickels and dimes, and often leads
to murders during underworld gangs’
struggles for control. He explained
that police now are virtually power
less to get convictions, because the
required legal evidence is so difficult
to obtain and the law is “so full of
Penguins May Have to Set Till Book Comes Back
THE Zoo’s penguin mates may
have to keep right on brood
ing until the fellow who bor
rowed the book on how long it
takes to hatch a penguin egg thinks
to return it.
Authorities on the subject are rather
rare in view of the fact that penguins
breed in midwinter cm isolated coasts
raked by the same storms which
broke the heart of the Plying Dutch
Dr. William M. Mann, Zoo director,
is frankly at a loss to say how long
it takes a jackass penguin from the
Cape of Good Hope to bring forth
its downy young. He had a book
on the problem, written by an in
vestigator who spent months on ih»
“Isle of Penguins,” or “Penguin Isle”
—Dr. Mann is not quite certain which.
He is certain, however, that a friend
.borrowed the book, but he can’t re
member which one. Meanwhile, the
penguin pair brood on, undismayed
by the fact they have shared day
and night duty for 34 days now,
sitting on their two white, cone
ahaped eggs.
A penguin eyes his chick in London Zo6.
Penguins, -particularly jackass pen
guins, are enthusiastic sitters. In
the absence of eggs, they have been
known to sit on egg-shaped lumps of
ice, sticking to their domestic duty
while snow .drifted over them and
blizzards howled. Too, penguin eggs
are thick-shelled. The cliicks even
now may be trying to chip their way
out; nobody knows—not even the radio
announcer scheduled to broadcast the
hatching at exactly 7:30 o'clock to
morrow night.
The announcer is going to wear
soup and fish for the occasion for sev
eral reasons. In the first place, pen
guins like fish, and in the second, he
will be in the soup if the chicks don’t
emerge by Eastern standard time. Too,
most penguins, especially the jackass
variety, have a liking for that stifl
necked, pompous carriage which goes
with their formal black and white
If and when the eggs hatch, the
chicks will be cared for by the whole
penguin colony. At least, that's the
forecast of some authorities. Either
the young are thrown on charity by
their parents, or the whole community
volunteers to stuff them with fish—
the question is still open.
The Zoo's second penguin pair made
a nest, but produced no eggs. * Thfe
fifth member of the colony is just
hanging around in case something
turns Op.
The expectant parents are still op
timistic and unruffled. They are let
ting Dr. Mann do most of the worry
ing, which is considerable, what with
daily calls from reporters, photogra
phers, radio announcers. Zoo fans and
a surprising number of persons who
have nothing better to do than collect
statistics on things like that.
In addition. Dr. Mann has the ex
pectant pygmy hippo to worry about—
another unpredictable birth. In an
swer to another query last night, Dr.
Mann sighed and said:
“You may think I’m joking, but
somebody just called to ask if the
hippo is sitting on the penguin eggs.
My answer was, "Yes, of course!”
Forced to Return to Store
and Give Money to Pair.
Struck Above Eye.
Struck above the eye with a length
of pipe, Lloyd K. Leonard, 29, mana
ger of a Sanitary Grocery Store at
1201 First street N.W.. was forced to
open the store's safe last night and
hand over almost $600 to two colored
bandits, who waylaid him near the
store after the closing hour and es
corted him back under cover of a gun.
The robbers, described as young,
“cool and businesslike,” accosted Mr.
Leonard about 9 o'clock as he passed
a vacant lot on his way to catch a
street car at New Jersey avenue and
N street N.W. for his home at 2715
Fourteenth street N.W.
One of the men held a gun and
the other a section of pipe, Mr. Leon
ard said. They ordered him to return
to the nearby store. The manager
was forced to unlock the door and go
inside, followed by the robbers.
Struck in Temple.
The men took Mr. Leonard's pocket
book. which contained $65, part of
which was his weekly wages. They
then ordered him to open the safe.
Mr. Leonard demurred and was hit in
the temple with the pipe, he said.
Stunned for a moment, he told police,
he then complied with the robbers'
Accordingly, he opened the safe,
which contained more than $500, The
robbers then took Mr. Leonard's keys
and departed, threatening to shoot
him if he followed. They" locked the
door behind them. Mr. Leonard
sounded the store's burglar alarm.
Meanwhile, a passerby came to the
window and the manager called to
him for help.'
After police arrived and freed Mr.
Leonard they learned that a woman
on the sidewalk had seen two colored
men dash from the store and drive
away in a dark sedan. The woman
had jotted down the license number
of the car and turned it over to police.
Car Believed Stolen.
The District of Columbia tags were
listed to a man who was absent from
home last night. Police thought the
car might have been stolen. Mr.
Leonard was not seriously injured,
although the blow raised a lump over
his eye.
Detective Sergt. Earl Baker arrested
two pickpocket suspects in a downtown
theater last night after one of a gang
of four which he tried to take into
custody hit him in the face with his
fist. The man who struck Sergt. Baker
and a companion escaped. The other
two were held for investigation. They
were said to be professional pickpockets
from out of town.
Two guests of the theater, Francis
Drischler of Alexandria, and Living
ston Van, jr„ 5416 Thirteenth place
N.W., reported their pockets had been
picked. Mr. Drischler lost about $30
and Mr. Van $9.
Sergt. Baker reported he saw the
four pickpockets at work and tried
to arrest them all.
Two colored men who seized him
from behind last night took $30 from
Eugene Patterson, also colored, 1115
Sixth street S.E., while he was walk
ing in the 700 block of G street N.W.,
he reported.
Shortly after dark a young colored
man snatched a pocketbook contain
ing $49 from Mrs. Ellen C. Wood, 39,
of 610 H street S.W., while she was in
the 500 block of K street N.W.
Belief Spreads That . Luxurious
Skyliner Smashed Into Pieces
in Mountains.
By the Associated Press.
FRESNO. Calif., March 5.—Gath
ering clouds in the higher altitudes
and a forecast of more snow threat
ened today to restrict the farflung
search for the airliner which van
ished in the mountains near here Tues
day night with nine persons aboard.
Belief spread among the searching
parties that the luxurious skyliner
had been smashed to pieces so small
they would be difficult to find, par
ticularly if they lay in the deep snow
of the Sierra.
Transcontinental and Western Air
line, which operated the plane, an
nounced the search would continue
south and west of Fresno.
Willkie Accepts Proposal
Only as Basis for
Method of Mhking Peace Deal
Public Held Confirmation of
Roosevelt's Favor.
Tennessee Valley Authority loomed
as a serious threat to the interests
of the private power companies in
Southeastern United States some
five years ago.' but utilities for a
time were ableito curb its develop
ment through resort to legal pro
ceedings. The courts recently have
ruled in favor, of T. V. A., how
ever, facing private utilities with
necessity of selling their holdings
or succumbing to Government com
The long and bitter controversy be
tween the private power companies
and the Tennessee Valley Authority
moved a step nearer solution last night
as David E. Lilienthal. youthful T. V.
A. director, submitted for the first time
a definite proposal to buy up the prop
erties of the private concerns.
Facing a prospect of ruinous com
petition from the Government, Wen
dell L. Willkie, president of Common
wealth & Southern Corp., the prin
cipal private power company in the
Tennessee Valley region, promptly ac
cepted Mr. Lilienthal’s proposal as a
basis for negotiation. His acceptance
made it clear, however, that the two
are still far from agreement on the
procedure to be followed in valuing
the holdings of the private concerns.
Mr. Lilienthal announced his plan
yesterday at a press conference marked
by significant political implications.
Morgan Freeze-Out Hinted.
The fact that the peace proposal
was announced by Mr. Lilienthal. pre
sumably with the President's approval,
instead of being made public through
Arthur E. Morgan, chairman of the
T. V. A. board, was construed as con
firming earlier indications that the
administration has definitely cast its
lot with Mr. Lilienthal and is deter
mined to force Chairman Morgan out
of the T. V. A. picture if possible.
Severely criticizing Mr. Lilienthal
and Dr. Harcourt A. Morgan, the other
T. V. A. board member, Chairman
Morgan last week asked for a con
gressional investigation of the Gov
ernment power agency. Shortly
thereafter, the President made public
a letter from Mr. Lilienthal and Dr.
Morgan in which they suggested that
the chairman resign because he would
not co-operate with the majority
members and*sought to “rule or ruin''
the agency. «■
Morgan in Florida.
After stating he “had discussed his
proposal to the utilities with the
President. Mr. Lilienthal made it clear
that he was proceeding without the
support of Chairman Morgan, who is
now in Florida. In fact, he said,
Chairman Morgan didn’t even know
the plan was being submitted to the
power companies.
In the past. Chairman Morgan has
opposed construction of T. V. A. fa
cilities that would compete with pri
vate concerns, advocating a policy of
peaceful negotiation in an effort to
purchase the private property. Mr.
Lilienthal, on the other hand, has
been reported as favoring a “fight to
the finish” with the utilities after
they attempted to block the T. V. A.
power program. He has stated, how
ever, that he did not favor destruc
tive competition.
Declaring his proposal was not a
"take it or leave it” proposition. Mr.
Lilienthal described it as a "compre
hensive plan for a long-term adjust
ment of relations between the Ten
nessee Valley Authority and private
power companies in the Southeast.”
He said there were no serious price
obstacles in the way of negotiations
and that he was confident an agree
ment would be reached.
No Estimate on Value.
He said he had no estimate of the
value of the private property involved,
but the proposal to buy it contemplated
the payment of “the actual legitimate
cost of the properties, less depreciation
accrued since they were installed.”
This, in substance, is the “prudent
investment” theory of utility valuation
advocated by the President and here
tofore unacceptible to the power com
panies. This theory of valuation gives
no consideration to the cost of re
producing the properties and presum
ably makes no allowance for "going
concern” value.
That this pricing theory will be the
(See”POWER. Page A-lOj
Condition Is so Much Better His
Bed Is Wheeled Out Into
Sun on Porch.
B» the Associated Press.
TUCSON. Ariz.. March 5.—Gen.
John J. Pershing's badly damaged
heart is growing stronger, the action
"more satisfactory,” his physicians re
ported today.
The 77-year-old soldier was so much
improved his bed was wheeled out
into the sun on a private porch which
adjoins the bedroom of his lodge at
the desert sanatorium. He spent 40
minutes chatting with his son Warren
and his sister. Miss May Pershing.
Just a week ago tonight Gen. Per
shing was semi-consciou* and the doc
tors said his death was expected mo
Although the physicians have said
they considered his recovery almost
miraculous, they refused to discuss it
for publication.

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