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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 11, 1938, Image 19

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Washington News
'_ — _I
Society and General
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 11, 1938.
PAGE B—1
KING WILL PRESS
FOR D.C. ARMORY
LAND PURCHASE
Planning Commission Cites
Need for Immediate
„ Acquisition.
ZONING ACT HEARINGS
TO BEGIN ON MONDAY
Interest Expressed in Measure
to Create Smithsonian
Art Board.
-s
Chairman King of the Senate Dis
trict Committee, who is an ex-officio
member of the National Capital Park
and Planning Commission, told his
colleagues on that body this morning
he would press in conference on the
District supply bill for adoption of
authorization to proceed with purchase
of a site for the proposed National
Guard Armory, adjacent to Anacostia
Park.
Trie commission, swinging into the
■ second of its two-day session, devoted
the morning to a consideration of
pending legislation and emphasized
the need for securing the required land
for the armory immediately.
Because the District supply bill in
the House provided for four squares,
t wo of which are now built upon, the
House struck out the entire item. In
the Senate, however, the figure was
reduced from $210,000 for the four
squares to $150,000 for the two squares
which are not encumbered by build
ings, and that was adopted. Chairman
King is one of the conferees on the
measure, which is now in conference.
Sultan Desires Speed.
Col. Dan I. Sultan. Engineer Com
missioner. who also is an ex-officio
"member of the planning body, like
wise Repressed his desire to see the land
for th# armory purchased immediately,
so that the long-delayed project may
proceed
Thomps S. Settle, the commission's
secretary, explained that by using part
of Anacostia Park, the armory devel
opment can be fitted on the two
squares, now designated by the Senate
for purchase.
Senator King announced that hear
ings on his measure to modernize the
District's 1920 zoning act will begin
at 10 a m. Monday in the committee
room of the Senate District Committee.
The planners arranged to have wit
nesses to support the measure.
Senator King has taken an active
part in bringing the zoning law up to
date—including the projected elimi
nation of slaughter houses and heavy
industry in future developments here—
“ and, as a member of the commission,
made the move that brought zoning
experts to Washington to aid in writing
the projected legislation.
The planners expressed keen inter
est in another measure, now pending in
Congress, that would authorize the
Smithsonian Institution to create a
board to accept the gifts for its art
gallery and also would empower the
President to designate a site for such
a building on the Mall, between Fourth
and Fourteenth streets. This would
house paintings of less antiquity and
standing than those proposed for the
Mellon Art Gallery, officials said.
t Considering the bill drawn to set up
by law a recreation board, representa
tive of the various agencies concerned
here, the commission approved this
program in principle. The planners
declared that legislation is necessary
before the areas set apart for recrea
tion, and now under the jurisdiction of
various agencies, can be properly
supervised and utilized.
$4,500,000 Spent for Land,
yin the last 10 years the planning:
Commission has spent $4,500,000 for j
the purchase of land here for parks, j
playgrounds and recreation centers
and $2,500,000 has been spent in recent
years through the Public Works Ad
miistration, Works Progress Adminis
tration, Civilian Conservation Corps
and other agencies to improve these
itreas. The planners pointed out that,
in the face of this, there is now no
legal machinery set up to handle and
supervise these areas as a unit for
ttae benefit of the public.
;, C. Marshall Finnan, superintendent
Of the National Capital Parks, ap
peared before the commission and re
ported progress on the development at
the end of East Capitol street, on the
banks of the Anacostia River, as a
^orts center, through the steady Co
Operation from the District govern
ment and other agencies. Mr. Finnan
said 500,000 cubic yards of fill have
been dumped into the area and he
|K>inted to the potential use of the sec
tion, which contains 40 acres near the
Ktinory gite, as a parade ground.
The planners approved the use of
W. P. A. labor for highway construc
tion in the Shepherd Parkway, near
Soiling Field, and in the Fort Drive,
between Military road and Georgia
Avenue.
Lewis R. Barrett, the District’s co
ordinator of recreation, presented
plans for the improvement of the Ray
mond playground and school and the
planners approved these in principle,
After they had been explained by T. C.
Jeffers, the commisison's landscape
Architect.
iij Today was “District and Virginia
Day’’ with the planning commission.
Which discussed the George Washing
ton Memorial parkway, across the
f*otomac River, and parking problems.
“Maryland Day” Marked.
Yesterday was “Maryland Day” and
A( an outgrowth of a joint afternoon
session with the Maryland National
Capital Park and Planning Commis
(ton, the planners here passed a reso
lution urging the Maryland State
planning Commission to appoint a
committee to aid in co-ordinating mu
tual District and Maryland problems.
f5*his action was taken after the local
.Manners’ director of planning, John
Nolen, jr., had advocated that a metro
politan co-ordinating body be brought
4nto being.
g Represented on this new agency will
Nkely be the Maryland State High
way Commission, the Maryland State
'banning Commission, the Maryland
National Capital Park and Planning
ipommission, the District Commission
Air*, the National Park Service of the
Ifhterior Department and the National
’Oapital Park and Planning Commis
sion, Mr. Settle suggested informally.
*
At T. Y. A. Conference
*►
(Story on Page A-l.)
The members of the T. V. A. Board are shown as they ar
rived at the White House today to confer with the President.
Above, left to right, are Dr. Harcourt A. Morgan and David
Lilienthal, while below is Dr. Arthur E. Morgan, chairman and
minority member of the board.—Underwood & Underwood Photo.
—.......... A
Welfare Agency’s Survey of
Forty Families Reveals
Near-Starvation.
The Board of Directors of the Fam
ily Service Association, oldest and
largest of the private family welfare
agencies of the city, were presented
with a special report yesterday in
dicating "an appalling lack of food,
overcrowding, evictions, illness and
moral and physical breakdown of pre
viously self-respecting and self-sup
porting families in Washington.”
The report was based on an ex
haustive study of 40 of the 399 needy
families which applied to the organiza
tion for relief during January. A
trained worker visited the home of
each family, interviewed either hus
band or wife or both, and made an
analysis and detailed report on condi
tions.
The findings disclosed that none of
the families hai enough food even to
approximate a minimum subsistence
diet. Four of the 40 families have
been split up by the financial crisis. A
family of six was living in one dark
room. For 30 of the 40 families there
were not enough beds to go around.
The children of more than one-third
of the families are kept out of school
by lack of clothing.
Total 233 Persons.
The families total 233 persons. They
range in size from three to 11 per
sons each, average six per family. In
the 40 families are 153 children, all
but five younger than 17, 65 of them
of pre-school age. All the families
have lived in the District five years or
longer; three of them are life-long
residents.
Only 16 of the 40 families have
previously received relief. Twenty-two
heads of families belong to the un
skilled labor group; six are semi*
skilled workers, 10 are skilled and two
are members of the white-collar work
ing class. Their previous earnings
averaged from $15 to $60 a week. In
more than half the 40 families the
wage-earner has been unemployed for
two months or less.
"These figures indicate,” said Wil
liam H. Savin, director of the Family
Service Association, "that at least 19
of the 20 families who have lived in
Washington less than five years have
been, until very recently, engaged in
useful private employment which not
only supported their families but con
tributed to the respective enterprises
of their employers.”
Best Meal Cost 10 Cents.
Money obtained through begging,
borrowing, or insignificant short-lived
jobs, is all that is used for buying
food. In the week before the investi
gation was made the best meal one
family ate was bought with 10 cents
worth of black-eyed peas. The head of
the family considered this a "good
meal.”
In 28 of the 40 families no milk has
been consumed since the beginning of
unemployment. The diet of 36 of the
families consisted almost entirely of
navy beaiis, black-eyed peas, potatoes,
rice and bread. Eighteen of the homes
lack bath tubs, and 18 have no run
ning water inside the house.
Paper, cardboard and occasional bits
of wood found ip the streets serve as
fuel.
■ 1 ■ — • ■
Four More Days to File.
Ej the Associated Press.
There are just four more days for
filing Federal income tax returns,
Treasury officials pointed out today.
Returns must be brought or mailed
to the nearest internal revenue col
lector’s office in order to reach him
before midnight of Tuesday, March 15.
Dissolution of Montgomery
Firm Nearer as Result
of Court Action.
The Montgomery Building and Loan
Association, whose directors told the
District Court February 2 that it had
insufficient capital to continue in busi
ness, was one step nearer formal
dissolution today following reference
of the case to the auditor late yes
terday by Justice Jennings Bailey.
Consideration of the case by the
auditor probably will take two weeks
to a month, and then a report will
be submitted to the court which will
provide a factual basis for a decision
whether dissolution is warranted.
Then the matter must go back to
the auditor—should the court order
the corporation dissolved—for de
termination of priority of claims,
sums to be paid creditors and similar
matters.
Fight in Prospect.
A determined fight is expected to
be waged by representatives of hold
ers of foundation surplus certificates,
of which some $320,500 are outstand
ing, against any plan which does not
call for their full reimbursement be
fore any of the stockholders are paid.
Representatives of 239 certificate
holders have claimed in an interven
ing petition that the certificates were
sold to them by means of false rep
resentations and demanded that
their contracts of purchase be re
scinded and their money returned.
They fear that the plan submitted
by the directors, which calls for sale
of the institution's assets to the Per
petual Building Association, does not
provide for them.
$563,063 Liabilities Listed.
In the dissolution petition the di
rectors listed the assets at $567,355
and liabilities at $563,063. The claims
of stockholders of classes A, B and
C total close to the first-named
amount.
Justice Bailey's action yesterday by
implication indicated his approval of
the legal procedure invoked in the
directors to obtain dissolution of the
corporation. Attorneys for a number
of certificate owners contended at a
hearing Monday that the procedure
was improper because a different
method was provided in a more re
cently enacted statute! The more
recent statute allows dissolution at
the request of the owners of two
thirds of the stock.
CONFEREES MEET
TODAY TO ADJUST
PROGRAM FORD.C.
Senate Amendments Which
Added $3,000,000 to
Face Scrutiny.
AGREEMENTS NECESSARY
ON HIGHWAYS AND AID
Parking Meter Plan, Challenged
by A. A. A., Also Must Be
Decided. *
House and Senate conferees are
slated to meet for the first time at
2 o’clock this afternoon to settle dif
ferences over detailed features of the
1939 District appropriation bill, with
Senate amendments amounting to
more than $3,000,000 awaiting adjust
ment.
The Senate's move for an immedi
ate survey of relief needs by an out
side expert, to determine whether the
$900,000 in the pending bill should be
raised later in h deficiency measure,
is one of the main questions to T>e
considered. The House proposed an
inquiry by the House District Com
mittee, but there was no provision
to have it start prior to July 1, when
the new appropriations become avail
able.
Highway Programs Vary.
The conferees also must decide as
between alternative highway and
bridge programs adopted by the two
houses under the highway fund. Also
of general interest is the Senate
amendment to authorize a trial of
parking meters in Washington.
There are a score of other amend
ments, increasing * House figures for
various municipal agencies and elimi
nating several House items. The con
ferees will pass on the Senate's action
in striking out a House provision des
ignating part of the municipal center
area as a site for a new Public Li
brary Building and allowing $60,000
to prepare the plans. The Senate also
struck out the House proposal to ac
quire Homeopathic Hospital as a
health center, instead of building a
new one in the same vicinity.
Collins Heads House Group.
The House conferees will be led by
Chairman Collins of the House Sub
committee on District Appropriations
and by Chairman Thomas of Okla
homa of the corresponding Senate
subcommittee.
The validity of the parking meter
rider in the District bill was ques
tioned by the American Automobile
Association yesterday in view of its
origin in the Senate. The A. A. A.
pointed out the constitutional pro
vision that all revenue bills must orig
inate in the House and said:
‘‘The sponsors of the legislation
themselves point out that the meters
will bring in an additional $700,000
of revenue. Our question is this: If
a bill which raises $700,000 of new
revenue is not a revenue measure,
then what is it?”
The A. A. A. a few days ago re
quested a congressional investigation
of the causes for the high price of
parking meters.
——
PALMISANO TO GIVE
RACE BILL A CHANCE
Pledges Not to Block Action
but Warns Against
‘Railroading.’
Assurance was given today by Chair
man Palmisano of the House District
Committee he would make no effort
to block consideration of the new bill
to legalize horse racing in Washing
ton.
The measure, he said, would be
referred Wednesday to the Judiciary
Subcommittee for hearings. It was
introduced about 10 days ago by Rep
resentative Sacks. Democrat, of Penn
sylvania, a member of the District
Committee.
Mr. Palmisano said he would not
oppose the bill if the people of the
District want legalized race track
gambling, but he did not propose to
see it “railroaded” out of his com
mittee, like the former racing bill,
which was killed.
A number of Washington sports
men and business men are said to
be interested in the new bill and have
promised to help finance a $1,500,000
racing plant on the site of the old
Benning race track if racing is legal
ized.
$100,000 to Fight Fires.
HARRISBURG, Pa., March 11 UP).
—Pennsylvania aimed a $100,000 blow
today at forest fires, springtime
scourge of the woodlands.
Fire Marshal George Wirt, aware
that April and May take a greater toll
in burned areas than any other two
months of the year, has turned that
sum of money into new picks, shovels
and axes, water and chemical sprayers
and improvements in telephone and
radio connections of the 145 observa
tion towers maintained by the State.
Plunge Is Fatal.
CUMBERLAND, Md., March 11 UP).
—John Henry Gerdeman, 27, died last
night of injuries he suffered yesterday
in a 40-foot fall from the top of a
building at the Potomac Edison Co.’s
new power plant project here.
President Launches Charity Campaign
_ (Story on Page A-l.f
In addressing a meeting of the Community Mobilization for Human Needs Conference at the
White House today President Roosevelt officially opened the Nation’s Community Chest cam
paign. Shoivn with the Chief Executive as the meeting got under way are (left to right): Allen
T. Burns (rear). Stillman F. Westbrook, Hartford, Conn., president of Community Chests and
Councils, Inc.; Thomas K. Smith (rear) and Charles P. Tajt. —A. P. Photo.
Charges of Obstructing
Sidewalk Bring Terms
or $10 Penalties.
After closely questioning one de
fendant and a witness as to their rea
sons for coming to Washington, their
means of livelihood and their his
tories, Judge Edward M. Curran in
Police Court late yesterday convicted
four of six persons arrested February
18 on charges of congregating and ob
structing the sidewalk in front of
1508 H street. Fines of $10 or jail
terms of 10 days were imposed in each
case.
Those fined were Alfred Tanz, for
mer New York attorney, former mem
ber of the International Battalion in
the Spanish civil war, and now Dis
trict organizer for the Workers Al
liance; Jack M. Sherby. 1219 Eye street
N.W.; Dora Shore, 3115 Georgia ave
nue N.W., and Laura White, colored,
764 Morton street N.W. Two others
arrested at the same time. Gertrude
Rinis, 609 Roxborough place N.W., and
Josephine Boyd. 906 Twenty-seventh
street N.W., forfeited $10 each.
Police testified that the defendants
were engaged in picketing the Wash
ington Taxpayers' Union in protest
i against testimony before a congres
sional committee urging that relief
funds be slashed here. The picketers
allegedly were walking in a circle but
claimed they left ample space for
pedestrian traffic.
Judge Curran heard only the testi
mony of John E.. Parker, manager of
a local brokerage firm, who testified
that one of his clients had been in
convenienced by the picketers and at
tendant crowd of curious; John J. j
Gorman, insurance man of 1508 H
street, who said the defendants were
blocking traffic, and Pvt. John Loh
man of the third precinct for the Gov
ernment, and Mr. Tanz and Miss
Esther Elizabeth Forbes Eldridge, a
visitor from Cape May. N. J.
Both Mr. Tanz and Miss Eldridge
were questioned closely by the court
not only as to their means of liveli
hood but as to their vocations and
social leanings. Miss Eldridge said
she had a private income from a trust,
while Mr. Tanz said he gave up his
practice to devote his talents to help
ing the needy.
The case was prosecuted by As
sistant Corporation Counsel Oliver
Gasch, who is a roommate of John H.
Pratt, one of the defense attorneys.
The other defense attorney was Sol
M. Alpher, counsel for the American
Civil Liberties Union.
BURIAL TODAY IN IOWA
FOR MRS. SPENCER, 25
Wife of Junior Executive of
Woodward & Lothrop 111 for
Several Months.
Mrs. Harriet McCune Spencer. 25, of
1854 Kalorama road N.W., who died
Wednesday in Garfield Hospital after
an illness of several months.will be
buried today in Ottumwa, Iowa, her
native city. Funeral services were
scheduled to be held there at 3:30 p.m.
Mrs. Spencer, an employe of the
Agriculture Department, was the wife
of Lynwood F. Spencer, a junior ex
ecutive at the Woodward & Lothrop
department store here. She was edu
cated at the University of Iowa and
at George Washington University. She
belonged to the Kappa Kappa Gamma
Sorority at the latter.
Besides her husband, Mrs. Spencer
leaves two brothers, Ralph and Robert
McCune, both of Ottumwa, and a
sister, Mrs. George Bangs of Chicago.
Banquet Is Tonight.
The forty-seventh annual banquet
of the Vaughn Bible Class will be
held this evening at 6:30 o’clock at
the Calvary Baptist Church. Dr.
Joseph M. M. Gray, chancellor of
American University, will address the
group. 1
Numbers Bill Almost Forgotten
As Hearing Stirs Other Issues
Police, Judges, Churches and Racing
News Appear to Be on Trial at
Times—Session Recesses.
I BACKGROUND—
For several years law-enforce
ment agencies have sought stringent
law to cope with numbers racket,
ichich is reputed to yield its backers
incomes running into the millions
and is blamed by officials for much
of District’s crime. Bill strength
ening lottery law was passed by
Senate more than a year ago and
slumbered in House District Com
mittee until recently, when it was
revived and made subject of pres
ent hearings.
By CARTER BROOKE JOMTES.
Some casual observer straying into
the hearings which the House District
Committee is conducting on legisla
tion aimed at the numbers game prob
ably would think the police, the judges,
the churches and the newspapers—not
the numbers racket—were on trial.
At least the hearings, in week-end
recess today, have wandered from the
numbers to disputes over whether the
police were doing their duty, thence
to whether the judges were imposing
severe enough sentences, and, inci
dentally, to whether the churches
should raise money by running such
games as bingo. Publication of racing
news also was dragged in.
Indeed, in the midst of several
rather heated exchanges around the
committee table at yesterday’s hear
ing, the numbers racket was pretty
well forgotten for the moment. Al
most every other topic was brought up.
The committee got into a contro
versy over law enforcement in gen
J eral, and the suggestion was made that
! it might be a good idea to call in the
I judges and question them.
May Go Back to Numbers.
With these sundry points still up
in the air, the hearings were recessed
until Tuesday. Several members, how
ever, were determined to steer the
probe back to the numbers racket at
the next session.
These members pointed out that the
legislation under consideration was an
amendment putting more teeth in the
District lottery law and this was the
only matter at issue.
The only witnesses thus far to testi
fy in support of the bill, United States
Attorney David A. Pine and Police
Supt. Ernest W. Brown, declared the
more stringent law was needed ur
gently to curb a racket which they
charged with encouraging crimes of
violence. With its enactment, they
indicated, smashing blows could be
struck at the racket.
After hearing from these two wit
nesses, the committee for some un
explained reason, turned from advo
cates of the legislation to hear op
ponents. One of the latter, Richard
R. Atkinson, a colored attorney, testi
fied yesterday, declaring the present
law was strong enough to reach num
bers writers and runners and the more
drastic law would not hit the “bank
ers.” The proposed law, he said, would
be used mostly to harass those who
are poor and without influence, espe
cially colored persons.
Following the committee session yes
terday afternoon, the Commissioners,
Corporation Counsel Elwood Seal,
Police Supt. Brown and Representa
tive Jack Nichols, Democrat, of Okla
homa, a member of the bistrict Com
mittee, and civic leaders conferred
over the situation.
Fight For Law to Continue.
Commissioner Melvin C. Hazen said
officials would wage a determined fight
to get the numbers legislation through
Congress at an early date.
Maj. Brown explained to the con
ferees that while the police had made
headway against bookmakers, they had
found great difficulty under existing
law in convicting numbers racketeers.
Commissioner Hazen said crime in
general and especially the numbers
racket would be the objective of law
enforcement agencies.
“If the numbers game has reached
the proportions that our city officials
say it has.” Mr. Nichols said, "it is
very definite that something must
be done to combat this racket.”
The Oklahoman has indicated at
the hearings that he feared the
penalties provided in the bill were not
drastic enough.
Those present at the conference in
cluded Robert V. Fleming, bank presi
dent and past president of the Board
of Trade; Francis G. Addison, banker
and vice president of the board, and
Frank R. JellefT, merchant and mem
ber of the Parole Board.
Wjiuld Not Quiz Judiciary.
Later Mr. Nichols said he did not
favor broadening the committee in
quiry to include investigation of the
District judiciary, as suggested at
the hearing yesterday. He pointed
out that if such an inquiry were
needed, which he did not affirm, it
would properly be referred to the
House Judiciary Committee, not the
District Committee.
It was Mr. Nichols' reference to
alleged inequalities and overleniency
in sentences which brought on the
discussion. The Oklahoma member
cited an instance where one court sent
a "drunk” with a family to jail for six
months and another court gave pro
bation to a man found guilty of armed
robbery for the third time. Such in
equalities, he said, did not increase his
respect for the judicial branch of the
Government.
Representative Bates, Republican, of
Massachusetts suggested that "per
haps the law enforcement agencies of
the District have broken down” and
“maybe we had better investigate the
judges.”
Representative Schulte, Democrat,
of Indiana said he was willing to call
in the judges.
Sees Hint of Criticism.
After the hearing Mr. Bates ex
plained that he felt Maj. Brown in his
testimony before the committee had
charged, at least by inference, that the
courts were not co-operating with the
police, which, if true, was “a most
serious situation.” He added:
“I'm going to insist on getting to
the bottom of this thing. We are told
we need more stringent law. But first
we should find out whether the police
are doing their duty and whether they
are getting the co-operation of the
courts.”
Chairman Palmisano, who opposes
the numbers bill, indicated he did not
favor broadening the inquiry and had
heard no testimony justifying any gen
eral investigation of law enforcement
in Washington.
"I still have respect for the judi
ciary,” he said.
Graft Testimony Stressed.
When the chairman, still harping
on an episode of four years ago when
a colored bellboy told a congressional
committee he was writing numbers
and his boss paid *20 a month police
protection, asked Maj. Brown about
it, the police chief said the charge had
been investigated, but lacked corro
boration and there was nothing to take
before the grand jury. Maj. Brown
added:
“I’m more anxious than anybody in
this room to investigate such a charge.
If anybody in my department is tak
ing graft, I want to know about it,
and I will be the first to take such
an informant to the grand Jury.”
Hie church bingo angle was injected
into the inquiry by Representative
Randolph, Democrat, of West Virginia,
but Maj. Brown said he understood
churches which conducted this oper
ated it as a game of skill, not one of
chance.
Flag Day Bill Introduced.
President Roosevelt would officially
designate June 14 each year as Flag
Day in the District of Columbia and
the territories if Congress approves
a concurrent resolution introduced
yesterday by Senator Sheppard, Dem
ocrat, of Texas.
Skipping Students at Maryland U. Find Ways of Whittling $3 Penalties
By a Staff Correspondent of The Star.
COLLEGE PARK, Md., March
11.—Students at the University of
Maryland who cut classes to hurry
home for turkey and cranberry
sauce and failed to get back on
the campus before their next
scheduled session with the pro
fessors must pay for their dalliance.
On most days of the year a class
cut might be very conveniently
overlooked, but on the day pre
ceding and the day following a
legal holiday each class missed
costs the student $3, with a maxi
mum of (9 per holiday.
But there comes a time when
students may profit by paying the
\
fines. Most of those who pay the
penalty, according to records in the
office of Cashier W. W. Cobey, live
at a distance from the university
and consequently require more
time to get home and return. If
they get a chance for a ride home
and back on a certain day, they
can pay the maximum fine with
the money they would have spent
for transportation and still have
some left over for ice cream sodas.
Records show that more men
than women studehts pay the fines
and that more freshmen than
upper classmen spend their money
on penalties.
Despite the rigid ruling that all
t
class cutting must be penalized,
however, there are known to exist
many instances where the sym
pathy of the instructors swing over
to the side of the student instead
of hewing strictly to the line.
Just how the students “work”
the profs to get off without being
reported absent, university officials
have made no effort to determine,
but the amount of fines paid tells
its own story. The cashier knows,
for instance, that when a student
returns from a holiday at home
from some distant city, he could
not have missed only the last class
on the eve of the holiday. Al
though a suspicion may lurk back
i.
in the mind of the cashier that $9
is due instead of the $3 laid down,
he would have to doubt both the
student and the professor to prove
it. And that, it is admitted, would
be bad for morale.
There is on* "out” for students
who leave early or report back late.
They can always get a doctor’s cer
tificate that they were unable to at
tend school that day. And, it is
claimed, these certificates are to be
had if the student knows his way
around. Even at that it costs $2
for the certificate.
In the absence of a doctor’s cer
tificate, the student may apply for a
leave of absence at least a week in

I advance. He usually can find some
good excuse for his absence.
Co-eds seem less willing to pay
for the privilege of cutting classes,
records reveal. But that is only
what the records say. How many
smiles go into $9 even the best
mathematical minds have not fig
ured out. But the fact remains
that women do not pay and pay.
Most fines are paid in following
the Christmas holidays. And at
this time more maximum fines also
I are paid in. All revenue from this
source must be put in the general
educational fund and the amount
is quite sizable during the year.
Students and faculty at the uni
versity admit • this is expensive
skipping, but they say, too, it is a
sure-fire way of preventing taking
that extra day or so at Christmas
time.
Fortunate are those students who
have friends on the athletic
squads, and who are in large
classes.
Athletes can’t go home for the
Christmas holidays and they make
as high as (10 a day for sitting in
class and answering to names.
Some of the students would rather
pay the fine to his favorite foot
ball hero or boxer to answer to his
name than to pay it to the general
fund.
A
54,000,000 WATER
PROGRAM FOR D. G.
AREAJUBMITTED
National Resources Body
Urges Conservation in
Potomac Basin.
CONTROL OF POLLUTION
AND FLOODS EMBRACED
Waterfront Improvements, Which
Have Already Been Planned,
to Be Started Soon.
An expenditure of $4,000,000 for the
conservation of water supply and the
abatement of stream pollution In the
District of Columbia and adjacent
areas was recommended to Congress
yesterday by the National Resources
Committee.
“The execution of a comprehensive
water conservation program in the Po
tomac Basin is of special Interest to
the National Capital,” the report of
the committee stated.
Without going into details, projects
such as improved water supplies,
sewers and sewage treatment works
were suggested.
“A conservancy district has been
proposed and the Congress has given
consent to a compact relative to
stream pollution between the States
involved.” the report explained. "The
basin Is large enough and its problems
are sufficiently varied to make such a
conservancy district practicable, but
not so large as to make the cost pro
hibitive.”
Adds Weight to Move.
Numerous projects of the character
outlined have been planned for the
Potomac Basin and the final recom
mendations of the National Resources
Committee, embodying them in a six
year non-Federal program to cost some
$667,000,000 for controlling pollution
on a national scale, gives these recom
mendations additional weight.
Some of the recommendations of the
national committee for flood control
of the Potomac waters at Washington
and deepening of the Washington
Channel are already being carried out
under existing appropriations. The
report submitted to Congresi was
months in compiling and covers gen
eral river and harbor improvements
which are authorized in annual supply
bills.
A recommendation for $285,000 was
made to start a $1,884,000 program
for commercial water-front improve
ments along the Washington Channel.
Officials at the United States en
gineers’ office said specifications have
been drawn up for this work and pro
vision made in the District appropria
tion bill to defray the cost to the
District government of these im
provements. With the passage of the
local supply bill it was expected plans
for the long desired water-front im
provement, can be initiated in a few
weeks.
Would Free Other Fund.
Likewise, it was pointed out, nearly
all of a recommended *133,000 for
dredging the Washington Channel to
a depth of 24 feet has been made
available and the channel dredging
practically completed. Included in
this sum. however, is a $40,000 item
for removing rock from the channel,
which has been held in abeyance.
TJhe Resources Committee recommends
that this sum be made available.
A specific expenditure of $15,000
was recommended to defray the first
year of an investigation for increas
ing the water supply in Washington,
Arlington County and the Washing
ton-Suburban Sanitary District in
Maryland. Another $10,000 would be
needed to follow up these studies.
Washington also would share in
the recommendations for flood con
trol if the report covering this phase
of the national program is approved.
The *100,000 proposed for building
levees and grade raising for flood pro
tection in and around Washington is
actually a program that has been un
derway for some time. The Bolling
Field levee is practically completed,
engineer officials said, and the Poto
mac Park dikes and levees are being
constructed. Some of the work on the
Virginia side of the river, however,
has not been started and would be
included in the general program for
this vicinity.
A new item, the engineers said, is
the proposed expenditure of *120.000
for flood control in Rock Creek Park
and reconstruction of the Pierce Mill
dam. This is a matter in which the
office of National Capital Parks, which
is under secretary of the Interior
Ickes, chairman of the National Re
sources Board, to particularly inter
ested. The work, if undertaken, would
be done under the direction of Supt.
C. Marshall Finnan of the parks office.
Other Funds Recommended.
Other recojnmendations are made
for flood control, including $300,000 at
Cumberland, Md., and $3,000 for Elk
ton, Va. Studies for these projects
have been completed, but Congress
has not yet allotted funds.
Included in the general rivers and
harbors program recommended is a
proposed expenditure of $764,000 for
miscellaneous Maryland dredging
projects hi the upper Chesapeake Bay.
In addition, $30,000 was proposed to
dredge the Severn River channel and
anchorage basin at Annapolis, Md.,
to 15 feet deep and 100 feet wide.
A proposed $25,000 study to control
water chestnut in the Potomac River,
an obstructive growth in the water,
which is proving a menace to recrea
tion, wildlife and navigation. Efforts
to clean the river of this growth in
the vicinity of Washington have been
made by C. C. C. crews.
Another item of $10,000 was in
cluded in the proposed program for
the conservation of recreational wa
ters to provide a supply for the Rocky
Bar Cabin development in the Shen
andoah National Park.
The controversial question of de
veloping hydroelectric power at Great
Palls was omitted from the report.
Suggestions for such developments had
been made by a subcommittee about
two years ago, with a view to fur
nishing electric power $o the Wash
ington area. No action has ever been
taken on the proposal.

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