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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 12, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
<XJ. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair and warmer; temperature about 40
degrees tonight; increasing cloudiness to
morrow; light rain tomorrow night; colder
Monday. Temperatures today—Highest,
52, at 1 p.m.; lowest, 35, at 6:40 p.m.
Full report on page A-2.
Closing N.Y. Markets—Sales—Page 18
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
(^P) M Mm n m A n
86th YEAR, No. 34,283.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1938—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES.
Prolog* *. *W»«hlnrton.nlD!t*c. THREE CENTS.
HITLER RETURNS TRIUMPHANTLY
TO AUSTRIA, UNDER NAZI RULE;
BRITAIN MAY FIGHT FOR CZECHS
Reich Planes Land
1.000 Soldiers
at Vienna.
FUEHRER IS HAILED
ALL ALONG ROUTE
New Chancellor Goes to
Greet Nation's New
Chief.
BACKGROUND—
Austria bowed to German de
mands lor submission to Nazi re
gime after Reichsfuehrer Adolf
Hitler backed his ultimatum for
complete reorganization of the
Vienna government with invasion.
Chancellor Schuschnigg resigned
after more than four gears in office
as successor to Engelbert Dollfus,
who was assassinated by Nazis in
1934.
By the Associated Press,
VIENNA, March 12.—About 1.000
German infantrymen, landed from
planes, began marching into Vienna at
5:06 p.m. (11:06 a m., E. S. T.) today
as Adolf Hitler returned in triumph to
his native Austria,
The German soldiers landed at the
suburban Aspern Airport, the com
mander of which said they arrived in
huge bombers.
They planned to take part in a great
torchlight procession through Vienna
tonight. It was hoped Hitler would
review the demonstration, with the
new Nazi government of Austria.
Meanwhile the German Fuehrer
made his triumphal entry into Linz,
capital of Upper Austria, at 3:13 p.m.
(10:13 am.. E. S. T.).
Lon? Live Hitler.
Crowds waiting in the main square
shouted. “Long live the liberator of
Austria. Adolf Hitler.”
Edmund Glaise-Horstenau, vice
chancellor of the new Nazi govern
ment of Austria, addressed the fren
zied crowd:
“'Today after a long time Hitler
again is stepping on Austrian soil.”
So far as known it has been 25
years since Hitler visited the land of
his birth.
Arthur Seysz-Inquart, the chancel
lor. left Vienna by air for Linz to
greet Hitler, who made him Austria's
new chief.
All the villages of Upper Austria
through which Hitler passed turned out
to a man as the Austrian-born leader
of Nazidom rooted toward Vienna.
At Reid, near the frontier, thou
sands of peasants and townspeople
weeping for joy, gathered to salute
Der Reichsfuehrer, who has become
also Der Fuehrer for many Austrians.
With Hitler were Heinrich Himmler,
chief of all German police: Erhard
Milch. German undersecretary for air,
and other high German officials.
Columns of German soldiers were
swinging through Austria, as the Nazi
lsm of Hitler dominated the nation.
Soldiers Join Invaders.
At Salzburg, Innsbruck, Kufstein
and Linz, where German soldiers ar
rived early in the day, Austrian mili
tary joined the ranks of the invaders,
greeting them cordially.
At Lambach, shortly before Der
Fuehrer arrived, the janitor of a school !
wrhich Hitler had attended as a boy.1
fired a shot at an armed column of
brown-shirted S. A. troops.
No one was hurt, but the janitor
was arrested and flogged. Ten Ger
man tanks arrived at Lambach at 1:10
p.m.
Reorganization Spurred.
The German advance spurred Nazi
reorganization of Austria. Nazis took
over provincial and municipal govern
ments. The Fatherland Front, the
only legal political party under Chan
cellor Kurt Schuschnigg, was dis
banded.
Leaflets showered from German
bombing planes proclaimed Austro
German “anschluss.” Nazi troopers
whipped unenthusiastic Socialist work
ers. Frontiers were closed to halt
would-be fugitives.
Schuschnigg. the deposed chancel
lor, remained the prisoner of armed
S. A. and S. S. units (Nazi Guard
Corps) in Belvedere Castle in Vienna.
Two detachments of the S. A. and
S. S. surrounded the magnificent
building. Another S. A. unit patroled
the castle courtyard.
Automobiles of diplomats hurriedly
arrived and departed as friends at
tempted to arrange for Schuschnigg
to go abroad, perhaps to live in exile
in Hungary.
Dollfuss Slayer Honored.
The sudden turn of events made a
Nazi national hero out of Otto Pla
netta, ^ho was executed for killing
Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss July
25, 1934. Crowds brought candles and
flowers to his grave, some of the
wreaths bearing the inscription: “And
now you have finally won.”
High general of the Austrian labor
service, Austrian youths and house
wives stood shoulder to shoulder in
(See~VIENNA, Page~sf-4T)
FLAMES BLOCK RESCUE
Efforts to Reach Two Trapped in
Mine in Kentucky Held Up.
HARLAN, Ky., March 12 (£’).—
Roaring flames 2 miles from the
mountainside opening of the Black
Mountain coal mine at Kenvir, 12
miles east of here, early today hid
the fate of two miners trapped there
last night.
Rescue workers, pushing to within
a few feet of where the trapped men
had been working, were repelled by
the intense heat. Further attempts
to reach the men were suspended
pending arrival of fire-fighting ap
paratus from Harlan. The tw'o were
in the mine alone, cutting coal for
goading today. The mine had ,bee^
idle yesterday.
The swastika is hoisted over the Austrian Legation, on
i Massachusetts avenue, on instructions from the new Nazi gov
I ernment. It flies beneath the Austrian flag.—Star Staff Photo.
Troops Reach Brenner Pass
and Exchange Greeting
With Duce’s Force.
B* the Associated Press.
ROME, March 12—For the first
time since the World War German
troops today stood at Italy's frontier,
at the historic Brenner Pass, and made
friendly contact with Italian border
guards.
Five truckloads of German infantry
under a liuetenant colonel, part of the
legions marching into Austria to make
sure Reichsfuehrer Hitler's domina
tion. arrived at the strategic Alpine
portal.
In Rome it became apparent Hitler
had given Premier Mussolini advance
information that he was sending Ger
man troops into Austria.
The commander of the German de
tachment at Brenner Pass immedi
ately called on the Italian commander
of the frontier garfison.
Their meeting took place near the
barrier which beat's the Latin legend:
"Frontier stone between Italy and
Austria, consecrated by the Treaty of
St. Germain, September 10, 1919."
The German, speaking in Italian,
said:
"I offer the salute of the German
nation and express its admiration to
your chief.”
The Italian commander thanked him
and paid a tribute to Hitler.
The meeting showed how Europe
had moved since 1934, when Mussolini
rushed his divisions to the Brenner
Pass as a gesture to restrain Germany
at the time of the Nazi putsch of
July 25.
In ancient times the Brenner Pass
was the avenue for three Teuton inva
sions of the Italian peninsula.
Austrian Envoy Instructed
to Display Swastika With
Nationaf Flag.
Austrian Minister Edgar L. G.
Prochnik, after receiving instructions
bv cable from Vienna, today had the
Nazi swastika hoisted over the Aus
trian Legation at 2343 Massachusetts
avenue N.W., heralding German dom
ination of his homeland.
The swastika was flown under the
regular Austrian flag.
Meanwhile, the United States Gov
ernment played the role of an alert
spectator to the history-making events
in Austria, hopeful that nothing would
occur to involve this country directly
in the troubled Central European sit
uation.
American diplomatic representa
tives—the Government’s eyes and ears
in Europe—kept President Roosevelt
and Secretary of State Hull fully in
formed by cable of the rapid develop
ments
U. S. Awaits Developments.
Nothing has happened so far in
connection with the Naziflcation of
the Austrian government to give rea
son for protest by the United States
or otherwise involve this country, Sec
retary Hull said at a press confer
ence.
The Secretary emphasized the
watchful waiting attitude of this Gov
ernment, however, by remarking that,
while he had no comment on the
European crisis, he at least would be
thinking of something to say if any
thing had happened to involve the
United States.
Minister Prochnik said the cable
ordering him to hoist the Nazi em
blem over the legation was the first
communication he had received from
his foreign office in Vienna since Wed
<Se~e PROCHNIK,-Page" A-4.)
Summary of Today’s Star
Page. | Page.
Amusements B-14 Garden Page B-6
Church Lost & Found. B-7
News A-12-13-14 Obituary_A-8
Comics B-12-13 Radio A-ll
Editorials A-10 Real Estate B-l-5
Features for Short Story A-5
Women --.A-15 Society _. ..A-15
Finance -A-18 Sports .. A-16-17
FOREIGN.
German soldiers contact Italians at
Brenner Pass. Page A-l
Britain considers armed aid for
Czechoslovakia. Page A-l
Hitler returns triumphantly to Aus
tria. Page A-l
Brokers are ordered to keep ledgers m
“front window.” Page A-l
Blum calls on parties to form war
service cabinet. Page A-4
.Hitler informed II Duce of move in
advance. Page A-3
Hitler planning “real” plebiscite for
Austria. Page A-3
Territorial rights question again raised
by Japanese. Page A-4
NATIONAL.
Roosevelt gives T. V. A. directors ulti
matum at hearing. Page A-l
Widow, 28, sees W. P. A. head after
White House “sitdown.” Page A-2
Navy sends 105 warships on maneuvers
Monday. Page A-3
McNary backs Congress veto power on
reorganization.. Page A-3
‘Biggers believed slated for Commerce
post. Page A-3
Roosevelt scans developments in
Austria. Page A-4
Federal eviction commission urged at
aeronautic meeting. Page A-9
California Assembly votes pardon for
Mooney. Page A-9
Senators seek to trace steel firm's sthke
expenditure. Page £-9
WASHINGTON AND NEARBY,
Nazi swastika ordered flown above Aus
trian Legation here. Page A-l
D. C. school recommendations made by
President’s committee. Page A-l
First penguin chick shows its fuzzy
head. Page A-l
Welfare Conference takes up future
problems. Page A-2
Second inquest in Keys death con
tinues at Morgue. PageA-20
D. C. bill compromise may allow
Thomas underpass. PageA-20
Planners to study D. C. traffic condi
tions today. PageA-20
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. Page. A-10
This and That. Page A-10
Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-10
Answers to Questions. Page A-10
The Capital Parade. PageA-11
David Lawrence. PageA-11
Mark Sullivan. Page A-ll
Jay Franklin. PageA-11
Lemuel F. Parton. PageA-11
SPORTS.
Nats’ boxmen open fight for jobs as
regular starters. Page A-16
Indians now rated daffler than Brook
lyn Dodgers. Page A-16
Baer, victor over Farr, again in
heavyweight picture. Page A-17
MISCELLANY.
Vital Statistics. Page A-6
City News in Brief. Page A-6
Shipping News. Page A-6
Bedtime Story. Page A-7
Nature's Children. Page A-7
Service Orders. Page A-ll
Dorothy Dix. PageA-15
Cross-word Puzzle. Page B-12
Letter-Out. Cftge B-12
Contract Bridge. Page B-13
► -
Armed Assistance
Is Weighed by
Cabinet.
PLAN CONSIDERED
' INCLUDES FRANCE
_
Protests oil Berlin’s
Course Rejected
Scornfully.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, March 12.—The British
cabinet, today considered the possi
bility of armed British aid to France
in protection of Czechoslovakia from
the fate which has befallen Austria.
The cabinet’s views on this grave
issue were communicated at the close
of a tense session to Charles Corbin,
the French Ambassador, but no de
cision was announced.
Whether a decision was reached
was undisclosed, but Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain was known to
have been bitterly angered by the
latest display of Reichsfuehrer Hit
ler’s "naked fist"—the imposition of
a Nazi yoke on Austria.
Stiff-Tone Welcomed.
The stiff tone of his communique
at the close of the cabinet meeting
was warmly welcomed in Paris and
Praha.
But meanwhile Hitler was sweeping
toward Vienna in what was intended
to be his greatest triumph.
Mighty Nazi and Fascist armies
stretched in an unbroken line from
the Baltic to the Mediterranean to
confront Britain and France with de
cisions as grave as those of 1914.
Protests Too Late.
The vigorous protests Britain and
France made yesterday to Berlin, It
was evidenced, came too late to save
Austria.
In Berlin the Reich government re
jected the protests, asserting Britain
and France had acted “on false in
formation.”
Berlin s scornful attitude was cited
in Paris as evidence that mere pro
tests were valueless. French official
opinion was described as convinced
that only a strong open Anglo-French
stand could save Czechoslovakia,
Mr. Chamberlain, his new “realis
tic” policy of trying to appease the
dictators through friendly chats all
but destroyed, retired glumly to his
country house, Chequers, for the cus
tomary week end. But all cabinet
ministers remained close to London, to
meet again Monday, if not sooner.
Reich Pact Impossible.
The post-cabinet communique made
it clear any Anglo-German agreement
was out of the question. Rome's re
fusal to return to her old role of pro
tector of Austria's freedom vastly re
duced prospects of renewed Anglo
Italian friendship.
Mr. Chamberlain, however, was be
lieved to be still uncertain as to
whether the British public would stand
behind a clear-cut declaration that
Britain would go to war to keep
Czechoslovakia independent.
Clement R. Atlee, leader of the
Labor opposition, was called into con
sultation with Viscount Halifax, the
foreign secretary, to be told of the
government's intentions and be con
sulted concerning the opposition’s at
titude toward future policy.
Protests Too Late.
It was all too clear that Great Brit
ain's words of protest came far too late
to save Austria from Nazi domination
and that the ministers must make up
their minds now whether to force a
solid front with France and Czecho
slovakia to prevent the same kind of
a march to the East.
Furious government opposition de
manded that Mr. Chamberlain answer
the question of Czechoslovakia’s future
and answer it quickly.
Arthur Henderson, Laborite, served
notice he would ask the premier in
Commons Monday whether Great Brit
ain would pledge armed aid to France
in the event France is attacked while
trying to save Czechoslovakia from
German domination.
Von Ribbentrop Waits.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Joachim
von Ribbentrop, the German states
man who heard the useless British
protest against subjugation of Austria,
remained at the German Embassy
(See LONDON, Page A-4.)
i sw Good-byeN
with the wish
THAT GOD PROTECT)
V Austria:\x
Quit Disputes or Resign,
President Tells Three
at Hearing.
Bv JOHN H. CLINE.
The three directors of the Ten
nessee Valley Authority were faced
today with an ultimatum from Presi
dent Roosevelt to compose their dif
ferences or resign.
The President took this stand last
night after a day-long conference
with the trio had brought a blunt
statement of defiance from Chair
man Arthur E. Morgan and a vol
uminous mass of data in support of
their position from his hostile co
directors, Dr. Harcourt Morgan and
David E. Lilienthal.
When the conference broke up the
President told the directors:
"In my judgment, the public inter
est cannot further be jeopardized by
internal dissension, and I can only
reiterate it is the duty of every mem
ber of the board to consider at board
meetings, impersonally and objectively,
the important problems and policies
of the T. V. A. and not to obstruct the
carrying out of decisions reached by
a majority of the board. And I must
say quite frankly that any of you
who cannot do that owe it to the
public of the United States not to re
main on the board."
Although the statement on its face
appeared to be directed to Chairman
Morgan, Stephen Early, White House
secretary, emphasized that the Presi
dent had addressed his remark to all
three directors.
The President instructed the trio
to return in person next Friday or
submit in writing any further state
ments they have to make in connec
tion with the controversy. Mr. Roose
velt is expected to’withhold his own
observations with reference to the
controversy until after he has re
ceived these statements.
Senator Norris, Independent, of
Nebraska, father of the T. V. A., said
he thought Morgan's refusal to
answer Mr. Roosevelt’s questions
would justify a concurrent congres
sional resolution, requiring a majority
of both Houses of Congress, to oust
the chairman.
The Nebraskan added, however,
that there undoubtedly would be
strong opposition to any such reso
lution until after a thorough in
vestigation of the T. V. A. were
made.
The Nebraska Senator has proposed
(See T. V. A., Page A-9.)
Amnesia Victim Held.
WILMINGTON, Del., March 12 (JP).—
Police Chief Frank J. Mahoney said
today he had been requested to hold
an apparent amnesia victim identified
as Lewis Sams, jr., 36, of Denver, until
relatives arrive from Colorado.
Sams asked aid from a policeman
yesterday, explaining he did not know
where he was.
Lou Gehrig, Signed
By Yankees, to Get
$39,000 for 1938
By l he Associated Press.
ST. PETERSBURG, Fla.,
March 12.—Lou Gehrig, iron man
first baseman of the New York
Yankees, signed a $39,000 one
year contract today. Manager
Joe McCarthy revealed at the
Yankees’ spring training head
quarters.
It was an increase of $3,000 over
his 1937 salary.
BULLETIN
Testimony that shooting by police
might have caused the fire in the
home of Leroy Keys was offered
today as the second inquest into
the fatal shooting by officers of the
demented colored World War vet
eran advanced.
Mattie M. Woodford, who lives
next door to the Keys’ home, at
2470 Ontario road N.W. said she
had heard persons in a crowd out
side the house say the fire started
in this manner and not when Keys
set fire to a curtain, as reported by
police.
Police contend the starting of
the fire was one of the reasons
Keys was shot, since in doing so
he had endangered the lives of
others in the house.
(Earlier story on page A-20.J
AIRPLANE MECHANIC
HELD IN SPY CASE
German-Born Seversky Employe
Fourth Arrested in New York
Area in Month.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. March 12 —A Ger
man-bom airplane mechanic, the
fourth person to be arrested in the
metropolitan area within a month on
espionage charges, was held today in
default of $10,000 bail.
The mechanic, Otto Hermann Voss,
39, of Floral Park, was employed in
the Seversky Aircraft Corp.'s shops
at Farmingdale, Long Island. He was
charged with delivering and inducing
others to deliver “to agents of a for
eign power certain documents, writ
ings, code books, signal books, pho
tographs, instruments and informa
tion relating to the defense of the
United States.”
He was arrested under the World
War espionage statute which the
Government invoked when it held two
soldiers and a woman hairdresser here
February 26 on espionage charges.
Voss is a naturalized citizen and
is married.
Federal agents who made the arrest
and Assistant United States Attorney
Lester C. Dunlgan declined to give
details in the case ‘‘at this time.”
The Seversky Corp. is building new
1 type pursuit planes for the Army.
3,000 PILGRIMS
III YOUTH PARADE
‘We Want Jobs,’ They Chant
in March to Capitol
in Fight for Act.
Chanting ‘‘Pass the American Youth
Act—We want jobs.” 3.000 young men
and women marched, rode, roller
skated and bicycled up Constitution
avenue to the Capitol in a noon-hour
parade today to pass in review before
legislators supporting their fight for
Federal aid for work and education.
Led by their 27-year-old president,
William Hinckley, robust, bare-headed
native son of St. Joseph, Mo., the
youthful legions intermittently sang
and chanted as the line of march
proceeded for several blocks behind a
squad of motor cycle policemen.
A real relic of the "horse-and-buggy
days.” an old horse-drawn rig driven
by two colored boys, carried "Miss
American Youth" up the avenue. She
was blond Marie Apple. 22, of the
Trenton iN. J.) Y. W. C. A., one of
those aiding the American Youth Con
gress in its fight for *500,000,000 in
Federal appropriation.
‘ Snow White” in Line.
Near the head of the line of march
were “Snow White and the Seven
Dwarfs." Snow White was Miss Elea
nor Tobis. 20. of Hunter College,
New York, president of the American
Student Union. Wrapped in a sheet,
Miss Tobis. an attractive brunette,
led the “Seven Dwarfs,” represented
on placards borne by her companions.
“I want a job this summer.” Miss
Tabis proclaimed when asked what
help she expected from benefits of the
bill if it is enacted at this session of
Congress.
Virtually all the 48 States were rep
resented by college students, unem
ployed young men and women. The
unemployed youth were preceded by
a leading band of their employed
leaders, who work for various organ
izations advocating enactment of the
American Youth Act.
Leaders to Report.
Leaders of the Congress were to re
port this afternoon on events of the
past week in Washington, in a meeting
at the Departmental Auditorium. They
w'ere to recapitulate testimony intro
duced at public hearings before the
Senate Education and Labor subcom
mittee on the *500.000,000 bill for aid
to youth.
The last event scheduled is a meet
ing and entertainment at the audi
torium tonight.
Last night the delegates gathered
there to hear Senator La Follette of
Wisconsin, who proclaimed the neces
sity of Government aid to youth; Eli
Oliver, executive vice president of
labor’s Non-Partisan League, and sev
eral youth leaders.
Democrats Gaining;.
HYDE PARK, N. Y„ March 12 OP).—
The Democrats are gaining slightly in
President Roosevelt's traditionally Re
publican home town, official 1938 en
rollment figures show.
Penguin Chick Pecking Way Out of Shell at Zoo
After 40 days and nights of patient
brooding, the Zoo’s penguin pair have,
at long last, begun to hatch their
chicks.
The fuzzy head of one tiny chick
emerged this morning after a night of
pipping at the tough she'.l which ap
parently was designed by nature to
withstand the rigors of harsh winter
on the icy coasts of the Far South.
The mother penguin, or at least the
bird believed by Keeper Malcolm
Davis to be the female of the pair,
took over the br&oding duty this
morning at this critical period. Mr.
Davis is convinced the little chick will
emerge from the shell in the very near
luture.
The first egg appeared last Febru
ary 1, and the second came five days
later. Nobody seemed to know how
long it took a jackass penguin to
hatch out. Dr. William M. Mann, Zoo
director, loaned the only reference
book he had on the subject sometime
ago.
Not remembering who had the book.
Dr. Mann had to be content to wait
until it was returned or until the pen
guins settled the issue themselves.
Mr. Davis kept the birds under
scrutiny last night because he wished
to record for science the exact incu
bation period of the jackass penguin.
The male penguin stood guard duty
this morning with a proud gleam in
his eye. He seemed ready to repel any
Intruder, remote as the possibility was
that the felicitous keepers’would al
Cracks in the egg under the penguin at the left show the efforts of the chick within to
emerge from the egg. He has been pecking hard at the shell in the Zoo since last night.
—Star Staff Photo.
low anything to disturb the birds.
The mate and their hatching family
have been separated from the other
three penguins of the family by a
wooden partition across the center of
their air-conditioned cage.
Although not inclined to count his
penguins while they are iaif-hatched,
Mr. Davis was confident today that
the birdhouse would boast two healthy
chicks before a week is up.
While king penguins are bred in Euro
pean zoos, the hatching of jackass pen
guin chicks in captivity is quite rare.
Dr. Mann saw some of these latter
chicks in a Japanese zoo during his
recent round-the-e(wld voyage on a
collecting exhibition. Ha bad little
hope, however, that his own flock of
penguins would reproduce in view of
the fact that the penguins have been
here for three years without showing
any sign of productivity.
"It was a long wait," said the beam
ing Mr. Davis this morning, "but I
am sure everything is going to turn
out all right now.”
FOR SCHOOL BOARD
ORGEOINREPORT
President’s Advisory Group
Recommends Lump Sum
Appropriation.
RIDERS, DETERMINING
POLICY, ARE CRITICIZED
Comprehensive Code of General
Legislation Should Be Enacted,
Is Opinion.
BACKGROUND—
President appointed a committee
of 24 educators September 19, 1936.
to study Federal aid to vocational
education in connection with pre
vailing economic and social condi
tions. The following April he re
quested the committee to extend
the study to Federal-State rela
tionships in the entire field of edu
cation and to make a report.
Public school appropriations would
be made in a lump sum and detailed
administration left to the Board of
Education and school officials under
recommendations transmitted to Con
gress by the President's Advisory Com
mittee on Education.
In a report made public today the
committee sharply criticized the prac
tice of inserting legislative riders de
termining school policy in appropria
tion bills and pointed out the limited
power of the Board of Education in
appropriation matters caused by the
absence of complete control of its bud
get and the practice of appropriating
by items.
The committee also urges that a
comprehensive code of basic general
legislation should be enacted for the
District public school system.
The President's Advisory Committee
on Education was appointed in Sep
tember, 1936, to study the experience
under the existing program of Federal
aid for vocational education. The re
port was transmitted to Congress by
the President under date of Febru
ary 23.
More Power Urged.
Among the recommendations for the
District is one that the Board of Edu
cation should be vested by the pro
posed code with the corporate powers
commonly exercised by municipal
school boards in order that it may
have adequate authority to maintain
and operate a complete ar.d unified
public school system, including pur
chase, construction and repair of all
public school facilities. The board
should be required, as at present, to
exercise all administrative powers
through a single executive responsible
I to it.
It is recommended that the school
code should be kept current with
changing needs by appropriate amen
datory legislation, but detailed legis
lation encroaching upon administra
tion should be avoided.
Simpler System Urged.
The budgetary' procedure for the
District school system should be sim
plified, the report recommends. Re
gardless of possible changes in the
budgetary procedure, Congress should
reduce greatly the number of items
under which appropriations for the
schools are made by consolidating all
appropriations for schools into a small
! number of major funds.
Inclusion of the District of Colum
bia, as far as feasible, is advised by the
President's commission in all educa
tional grants on the same basis as a
State. The District should not be in
cluded, the report says, in the pro
posed grants for the extension of lib
rary service in rural areas, but should
be included in all the other new grants
proposed. •
The chairman of the President's
Advisory Committee on Education is
Floyd W. Reeves, who submitted the
report.
INSURGENT TROOPS
STRIKE AT HIJAR
Belchite Becomes Troop Base for
Force Advancing Rapidly to
Cut Foes’ Lines.
By tl/e Associated Press.
HENDAYE, France, at the Spanish
Frontier. March 12.—Insurgent shock
troops struck today at Hijar—scarcely
60 miles from the Mediterranean coast
—in their smashing offensive to dis
member government Spain.
The war-torn village of Belchite,
long the key point of the Aragon front,
was turned into a base for the fast
moving insurgent assault troops, who,
in four days of fighting, have captured
more than 30 villages and nearly 1,000
square miles of territory. Hijar is
about 25 miles southeast of Belchite.
Government reserves were rushed
desperately into breached lines along
the 70-mile front.
Communiques from Madrid admitted
the insurgents advanced more than
25 miles eastward toward coastal Va
lencia.
BELCHITE, Spain, March 12 (/$>).—
An American listed as Law Norman
of Indianapolis, Ind., a member of the
Lincoln Brigade fighting with the
Spanish government forces, was among
the dead reported found here yester
day.
A number of Americans were said to
have been captured in the Belchite sec
tor, which fell to the Insurgents.
DISTRICT DAY SET ASIDE
Action Taken to Consider Navy
Building Measure.
District day has been set aside in
the House on Monday so the Navy
building bill can be taken up. Chair
man Palmisano of the District Com
mittee waived rights to the day as
only two measures are awaiting action.
One of these was to retire police and
firemen and tMr other to reduce the
work week of firemen.

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