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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 13, 1938, Image 19

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Collins Brands Proposal for
Lump Sum ‘Silly’ and
Further Centralization in Hands
of Commissioners Favored by
Allen—Opposes Move.
Recommendations of broader powers
for the Board of Education, made by
the President’s Advisory Committee on
Education, evoked criticism yesterday
from Chairman Collins of the House
subcommittee in charge of District ap
propriations, as well as from Commis
sioner George E. Allen.
The committee report, suggesting a
basic legislative code for the schools
and a lump-sum appropriation to the
school board to be administered by
the board and its officials, was made
public yesterday. It also suggested the
District be considered as a State in
Federal aid to education and con
demned the practice of legislative
riders to appropriation bills.
Auditor Daniel J. Donovan said he
was withholding comment on the pro
posals until he completes a study of
the report.
Calls Proposals ‘'Silly.''
Chairman Collins described the com
mittee's proposals as they apply to
the District as "silly” and "idiotic.”
He said he had made a cursory ex
amination of the report and under
stood it contemplated a lump sum ap
propriation for the schools.
“The plan recommended in the re
port,” he said, “would double the cost
of government and, of course, the
first thing the school people would do
would be to double their own salaries.”
Congress, he continued, has the
duty of determining the need of ap
propriations before making them, add
ing that “Congress could not do that
If it appropriated lump sums."
Opposes Attempt to “Legislate.”
Mr. Collins declared educators could
get along better if they stuck to educa
tion instead of trying to legislate, and
added that he did not think Congress
would pay much attention to the re
port. He said his comment applied
to all recommendations in the report
affecting District schools, and particu
larly one criticizing legislation by sup
ply bill riders.
Commissioner Allen said he had
not yet had time to study the re
port carefully, but added that he
did not see any advantage in taking
from the Board of Commissioners the
''limited” budget control it now exer
cises over the school budget.
“In principle, at least, I am in
favor of further centralization of mu
nicipal powers in the hands of the
Commissioners, rather than to lessen
them.” he said.
Mr. Allen said he saw no advantage
In a separate school budget, since the
size of the budget would still be de
termined by the amount of revenue
selection Left to Schools.
“As a matter of fact,” he added,'
“the Commissioners now leave the se- ,
lection of school items almost en
tirely to the school officials and gen
erally restrict the exercise of power
over the school budget only to the
total to be allowed.”
Mrs. Henry Grattan Dovle, presi
dent of the Board of Education, said
ehe had not read the text. of the
report, but believed it followed the
usual American tradition of leaving i
public school control in boards of edu- '
"The report, I am particularly happy
to note, points out how objectionable
legislative riders to appropriation bills
can be,” she declared.
The School Board head said it has
long been apparent to her that the
citizens of the District want the
“model school system” which the re
port contemplates.
Dr. Prank W. Ballou, superintend
ent of schools, could not be reached
for comment.
The whole report has been referred i
to the House Committee on Educa
Zoning Law and Traffic Act
Inquiries to Be Held by
Senate Groups.
Senate hearings are scheduled this
Week on two local bills, with a possi
bility steps also may be taken to
resume conferences on the new Juve
nile Court code, which has pasred
both branches.
The first hearing is slated for 10:30
a.m. tomorrow before the Senate sub
committee handling levision of the
■oning law. This subcommittee is
composed of Chairman Overton, Dem
ocrat, of Iouisiana and Senators Bilbo,
Democrat, of Mississippi and Capper
Republican, of Kansas.
The second hearing will be st 10:30
a.m. Wednesday on an amendment to
the Traffic Act to provide for recording
automobile liens in the motor vehicle
department. Senator Overton also
la in charge of this measure, assisted
by Senators Hitchcock, Democrat, of
South Dakota and Capper.
A definite time had not been fixed
yesterday for a meeting of thejuvenile
Court bill conferees.
Mount Pleasant Citizens Vote
Donation of f 10.
The Mount Pleasant Citizens’ Asso
ciation last night voted $10 in support
of the Police Boys’ Club and an equal
amount to the Washington Criminal
Justice Association.
The group, meeting m Mount Pleas
ant Branch Library, was shown pic
tures of the activities of the Com
munity Center Department by W. P.
Kilgore, who suggested opposition to
the pending bill for unification of
Papa Penguin Flaps With Joy as One of Famous Eggs Hatches
i he penguin mother uses her beak in a n effort to liberate the chick, fighting its way
to freedom.
The fattier takes a peep at his offspring, few seconds after it was hatched.
'Hr". ililiMi.ifiMlililimilMMWWMirilMiMllil Willi.mm.nraniummiii.. ...■■■ ....
Mama Penguin gives a waiting world its first glimpse of her offspring (arrow)
and cuddles it with her beak.
--;---* -
Papa Penguin proudly flaps his wings as the mother continues on the job.
—Star Staff Photos, Gus Chinn.
-I - —. ■ 4 -I—' I- ■ ■ — ■ I I- ■! ■ ...I —I ■■ —--- , ■ -
400 Delegates From 150
Cities End Two-Day
Conference Here.
With a symposium on welfare and
Community Chest problems, the two
day conference of 400 delegates from
15C cities, under the auspices of the
Community Mobilization for Human
Needs, came to a close late yesterday
at the Mayflower Hotel.
Questions faced by the organized
charity and welfare agencies because
of the business slump, and a look
into the future occupied the con
ference at a luncheon and afternoon
Dr. George E. Vincent of Green
wich, Conn., former president of the
Rockefeller Foundation, was elected
"honorary and acting president" of
Community Chests and Councils, Inc.,
at the annual business meeting of
this organization. He succeeds Still
man F. Westbrook of Hartford, Conn.
Social work’s obligation to inform
the public about damages done to
human lives by the depression was
discussed by Dr. Elmer R. Am, presi
dent of the Dayton Bureau of Com
munity Service. “This is particularly
important,” he emphasized, “in these
days when people have become in
sensitized by overwhelming economic
and social problems.”
Ira V. Hiscock, president of the New
Haven Community Chest, declared:
"We must learn how to plan and in
vent for social issues in a manner
which will compare with our ability
to plan and invent in mechanical
fields.” He pointed out that the
average city spends annually for
health, hospital and other social work
about $30 per capita. In some New
England cities, the expenditure rises
as high as $42 per capita. “Yet few
communities,” he said, “have even as
sembled the facts to arrive at such a
figure, although such information is
basic to a portrayal of their total
At the luncheon session, leaders
of round-table conferences reported
Fred Hoke of Indiana declared “a
public welfare program cannot achieve
its purpose unless there is general sup
port of the program by the public.”
He urged trained workers in private
agencies to* contact public agencies
and give the benefit of their experience.
Fred K. Koehler, executive director
of the American Public Welfare Asso
ciation, urged co-operation among the
governmental agencies, but declared
he saw “not many hopeful signs'in
boards appointed politically.”
Miss Ruth Hill, assistant to the com
missioner of public welfare. New York
City, a sister of Miss Alice Hill, di
rector of the District Public Assistance
Division, declared that “our Amer
ican communities are Just beginning
to appreciate the extent of the priva
tion of their handicapped citizens."
Presiding officers at the sessiohs yes
terday included Mr. Westbrook,
Charles P. Taft, chairman of the
Community Mobilization for Human
Needs, and Geoffrey S. Smith, presi
dent of the Philadelphia Community
Benefit Dance.
The National Women’s Democratic
Council sponsored a dance kt 1500
Rhode Island avenue last night to
raise funds for the Democratic Absen
tee Voters Bureau of the District.
Heads Chests
$50,000,000 BUILDING
Three New Federal Projects
Would Be Included in Huge
U. S. Program.
Three new Federal buildings for
Washington, estimated to cost $50,
000,000, are included in a gigantic
Nation-wide public works program pro
posed in a bill introduced Friday by
Representative Baiter, Democrat, of
New York.
The largest of the three proposed
local projects would be a new building
for the Army and Navy Departments,
costing $26,000,000. The others would
be a Social Security Building, estimat
ed to cost $15,000,000, and an audit
and control headquarters building,
costing $9,000,000.
The bill stipulates that not more
than $10,000,000 be spent annually.
Representative Belter's program for
the country contemplates the expendi
ture of $750,000,000 in Social Security
funds “to provide for the reduction of
unemployment and the restoration of
purchasing power through the con
struction of useful public works and
the encouragement of long-range plan
ning in the field of public works.”
i * 1 11 11
Baby Penguin Gives Zoo Crowd
The Bird and Ducks to Cover
Malcolm, Named Before Birth for
Keeper, Breaks Shell, Gets Jitters and
Wobbles to Mother’s Wins.
Little Malcolm emerged from his
shell at the Zoo late yesterday and
took his first bow. whereupon he wob
bled hastily back to his mamma's
wings, camera-shy. ‘mike”-frightened
and spotlight-struck.
Malcolm had never seen so many
people before. You could have bowled
him over with a pin feather. Out
front were news photographers, as
sisted by amateurs, radio announcers
and technicians, Federal scientists.
Zoo fans, agile small boys and
The new-born penguin took one
look and tried to climb back into his
shell, which wras broken in two. This,
however, was his own doing, and his
parents indicated as much. They
pushed him behind them with their
beaks, as much as to say, •'Well, son.
you've had your fling, and I guess
we’ll have to shield you now.”
Gives Announcer m Break.
Outside the penguins’ air-condi
tioned cage, just prior to Malcolm’s
appearance, the radio announcer
sought with puns and things like
that to hold his audience until Mal
colm should see fit to forsake his egg.
The egg was tough, and Malcolm had
only his head through the shelf. The
radio announcer hoped Malcolm would
oblige before he had to speak more
than a couple of .hundred thousand
words of "crack by crack” description.
It was a big "break” that Malcolm
gave the announcer when he rent his
shell just before they cut him (the
announcer) off the air. The photogra
phers as well as the announcer had
waited long. The camera men's tri
pods slipped, their flash bulbs failed
or went off tbo soon, and while they
fiddled with gadgets little Malcolm
darted back, to maternal cover.
One photographer, who had, been
waiting slz hours, kept speaking in a
monotone, talking to himself, no doubt,
since heavy plate glass separated him
from the penguin colony:
"Come on, mama penguin, come
on . . . We’re not going to hurt the
little penguin; mama penguin, come
on . . . Raise up off him. mama pen
guin ... We'll send you a picture ..
Named for Keeper.
Malcolm, the 40-day wonder, was
named before he was born. Dr. Wil
liam M. Mann. Zoo director, said he
felt sure the penguins wouldn't mind
if their first-born were named after
Malcolm Davis, keeper of the Bird
House, in view of the fact that Mr.
Davis had spent almost as much time
worrying about the egg as the proud
Dr. Mann announced further that
Frederick Delano, uncle of President
Roosevelt, arrived at the bird house
while Malcolm was getting his first
glimpse of the .world and just in
time to be named Malcolm's god
Mr. Delano accepted this honor with
a gracious smile. He had never seen
Malcolm, due to the crowd of earlier
arrivals, but somebody described the
young bird as the image of a fuzzy,
gray, newly hatched chicken with a
long black bill.
This description, while it interested
Mr. Delano, was not quite convincing.
He thought he might drop by to con
firm it in person some time.
Meanwhile. Malcolm was in hiding.
He didn’t want to steal the show
from his kid brother, who is expected
to break out of the shell in about
four days.
Photographers lmgered at the bird
house until nightfall. They were in
clined to believe that Malcolm was
determined to leave most of the pub
licity to the younger generation.
United States Commissioner Need
ham C. Tumage ordered a colored man
and a colored woman held for the
grand Jury yesterday in $1,500 bond
each after they pleaded guilty to
charges of operating a lottery.
The two were arrested by Detective
Sergt. George Deoyoe and Detective
Sergt. William McEwen in the 2000
block of Tenth street N.W. They are
Ward Flowers, 28 and Minnie N. Car
ter, 21.
Chairman of House Group
Declares They Fail
to Co-Operate.
Complaint was made yesterday by
Chairman Palmisano of the House Dis
trict Committee that he is not receiv
ing proper co-operation from the
‘‘I want to give the people of Wash
ington what they want.” he declared,
‘‘but I have a difficult time finding out
when I can depend on the Com
As an illustration, Mr. Palmis&no
explained, he suggested to the Com
missioners several months ago that
they prepare a bill which would divorce
both the Budget Bureau and Congress
from control over District finances.
‘‘I have yet to receive the draft of
that bill, or to get any explanation
from the Commissioners why it has
not been prepared,” he said. “The
Commissioners, as well as many civic
organizations, have repeatedly com
plained about the way the Budget Bu
reau and Congress dictate to the Dis
trict as to how its tax revenues shall
be spent. And yet, when I suggest a
solution to the problem and offer to
sponsor legislation that will bring
about a change, I fail to get any
Mr. Palmisano said he wanted to
give the Commissioners exclusive con
trol over District fiscal and budget
matters, and let them be responsible
only to the President, who appoints
them, for any mistakes. Under his
plan, not only the Budget Bureau, but
Congress would lose control over mu
nicipal appropriations.
“Congress, however, would have to
determine the amount of the Federal
payment toward District expenses,” he
Mr. Palmisano also pointed out the
Commissioners never attend the weekly
meetings of his committee. Instead, he
said, they send a representative—Cor
poration Counsel Elwood H. Seal.
Representative Norton, Democrat,
of New Jersey, made a similar com
plaint when she was chairman of the
10,000,000 Accidents Cost 100,000,000 Days a Year
Ten million accidents cost tne
American people a hundred million
days a year.
There are 80,000 mishaps every
day serious enough to disable their
victims one day or longer. Every
day 500,000 persons are unable to
work, go to school, or pursue other
usual activities because of acci
dents. many of which are prevent
able. Sixteen out of every 1,000
persons are disabled for a week or
more by accidents each year.
Such are the statistics gathered
by the Public Health Service from
a house-to-house survey of 740,
000 American families in an effort
to get a valid picture of the actual
extent of sickness and disability
from all causes, in (he United
States. Accidents, the canvassers
found, were responsible for 7 per
cent of an the deaths. Only heart
disease, cancer and pneumonia took
a greater toU of life.
This represents the first extea
sive survey of non-fatal accidents.
The canvassers found that the
average period of disability ex
perienced by victims of serious ac
cidents is 46 days. The average
duration of disability from all
causes Is 57 days. Automobile acci
dents cause disabilities averaging
55 days, accidents at work keep the
victims at home an average of 50
days, and accidents In the home
result In an average of 46 days’
In the cities surveyed, 12 out of
every 1,000 persons were found to
be in some degree crippled as a re
sult of accidents at some time dur
ing their lives. Fifty per cent of
these conditions were found to be
due to occupational accidents, 25
per cent to home accidents, IS per
cent to Injuries other than by auto
mobiles, and 10 per cent to automo
. bile accidents. Maiming accidents,
the survey showed, occur most fre
quently at work. j
The risk of accidental injury is
present everywhere, the report of
the survey stresses. Home acci
dents account for 45 per cent of all
injuries from falls, 48 per cent of
those from cutting and piercing in
struments, and 72 per cent of se
rious bums. Thirty-five per cent
of all injuries attributed to attacks
by animals were in the home. One
fourth of all accidents attributed
to firearms were from the “unload
ed pistols” in the homes.
Families on relief, or with total
incoifies of less thati $1,000 a year,
had an accident rate 43 per cent
in excess of those with incomes of
$3,000 and over. This is because <
of inadequate housing conditions,
ill-designed stairways, inadequate
lighting and heating, and rickety
Risk of serious injury from acci
dents of all kinds increases with
age, the survey showed. This is
partly due to more eapoeure and
partly to the fact that a mishap
which may cause little inconven
ience to a young person will be
serious to an older person, whose
bones are more brittle and do not
set ao easily. The lowest acci
dent rate per 1,000 population is
in the age group under 15 and the
highest for persons over 65.
Boys and men are much more
likely to run into a serious acci
dent than girls and women under
the age of 65, the report shows.
Then the situation is reversed and
elderly women are much more
likely to suffer serious mishaps.
The greatest single source of ac
cidental injury, the report shows,
is the fall. It caused 39 per cent
of all the seriously disabling acci
dents. Automobiles caused only
20 per cent. Persons injured in
auto'accidents, however, are more
than twice as likely to die as those
injured by all other means.
Three*Day Session Closes
With Entertainment
and Parade.
A three-day pilgrimage of the Amer
ican Youth Congress, which brought
approximately 4.000 young people to
Washington from 46 States, ended
last night with an entertainment pro
gram in the Departmental Auditorium.
High lights in the program yesterday
were a parade up Constitution avenue
to the Capitol and presentation of
some of the organization's proposals
to President Roosevelt.
Although in sympathy with some of
their alms, the President declined to
indorse their opposition to compulsory
military training in schools and to
bills providing for wartime mobiliza
tion. said Abbot Simon, legislative di
rector of the congress.
Attended Hearings.
Throughout last week members of
the organization attended hearings as
"lobbyists” for the passage of the
American Youth Act, which was under
consideration by the Senate Labor and
Education Subcommittee. In general,
the bill would provide $500,000,000 for
the setting up of a permanent youth
administration which would give schol
arships to youth in time of depression
in order to keep them out of the busi
ness fields, and which also would pro
vide for public works projects for
The program last night consisted of
a musical comedy. "Academic Epi
demic,” a satire on college campus
life, and musical selections by a "cow
boy quartet” from Oklahoma.
Marching, in automobiles, on roller
skates and bicycles, the congress pa
raded in review yesterday before leg
islators supporting their fight for Fed
eral aid for work and education.
A horse-drawn rig driven by two
colored boys carried "Miss American
Youth” up the Avenue. Miss Mane
Apple, 22, of Trenton, N. J., was chosen
for the honor.
Fechner Addressed Group.
Robert Fechner, director of the
Civilian Conservation Corps, spoke to
the group at a meeting yesterday aft
ernoon at the departmental 'audi
torium. The League of Women Voters
presented a play, the theme of which
was the relief problem.
The Executive Council of the con
gress is to meet at 1 o’clock this after
noon at the Y. M. C. A. Building to
discuss plans for future action by the
The American Youth Congress is
composed of young people between the
ages of 16 and 25. It is comprised of
about 37 Individual organisations
which have combined their efforts to
obtain better opportunities for young
people. Each organization pays $10
annual dues.
Charged with four counts of vio
lating the alcoholic beverage control
regulations. Miss Beatrice Smith, col
ored, pleaded guilty when arraigned
in Police Court yesterday and was sen
tenced by Judge Edward M. Curran
to pay a fine of flOO or serve 30 days
in jail.
The defendant admitted selling and
keeping liquor for sale at 3021 Ninth
street N.W. an September IS, 1937,
and similar offenses on September II.
Subcommittee’s Members
Feel Brewers Should
State Their Views.
Bill May Not Be Beady for Full
Committee Action Before
End of Week.
The Fiscal Affairs Subcommittee
of the House District Committee made
plans yesterday to give beer and liquor
interests a limited hearing before
placing its final stamp of approval on
those features of the 1939 revenue
bill calling for a local levy of <1 a
barrel on beer and a 50-cent Increase
in the present tax on hard liquor.
The beer tax and the higher levy
on distilled spirits were not a part of
the subcommittee’s original three
point tax-raising program, but were
written into the bill unexpectedly last
weelc after the conclusion of public
hearings.. The subcommittee mem
bers now feel that representatives of
the brewers, as well as the distillers,
should be given an opportunity to ex
press their views on these proposed
new taxes before the measure is re
ported to the full District Committee.
Verbal protests against the taxes al
ready have been filed with several of
the subcommittee members by both
liquor and beer Interests. Both groups
argued the levies would increase the
cost to consumers.
Distilled Tax Levy Heaviest.
Distilled spirits face the heaviest
tax in view of the action of the House
last week in voting for an additional
25-cent Federal levy on these bever
ages. The 50-cent additional local tax
will raise the amount to 75 cents.
Hard liquor sold in the District is now
bearing a Federal tax of $2 a gallon
and a local tax of 50 cents a gallon.
The subcommittee will meet tomor
row in the office of Chairman Nichors
with a view to applying finishing
touches to the bill, but if liquor and
beer interests are given a hearing,
the measure may not be ready for
consideration of the full committee
before the end of the week.
Drafting of the bill already has
been virtually completed, but there
are two major questions the sub
committee must answer before It is
put in final form. One is whether the
proposed income tax shall be applied
to 1937 or 1938 Incomes. The other
is whether members of Congress
should be required to pay the tax.
1937 Basis Is Urged.
8everal subcommittee members said
they had accepted as a foregone con
clusion the tax would be applied to
1937 Incomes, otherwise there would
be no revenue from this source in
the coming fiscal year to aid in bal
ancing the budget.
The proposed fticome tax, affecting
both individuals and corporations, is
estimated to yield about *5,000,000 in
additional revenue. It is planned to
allow a credit on the income tax for
intangible tax payments, however,
which will reduce the net gain to *2,
000.000 a year.
There are rather strong indications
that the income tax plan, in its final
form, will exempt members of Con
gress. Subcommittee members, it is
said, feel that application of the tax
to the salaries of members of Congress
might jeopardize approval of the en
tire revenue bill, since the House re
jected a similar plan a year ago.
For the last several days Jo V. Mor
gan, assistant corporation counsel, and
C. F. Stam of the Joint Committee on
Internal Revenue Legislation have
been perfecting the bill at the direc
tion of the subcommittee.
Papers Shown to Mark Birthdays
of Pour Presidents.
Historical presidential documents
have been placed on public view ip
the exhibition hall of the National
Archives to commemorate the birth
days of President Andrew Jackson,
March 15; President James Madison,
March 16; President Grover Cleveland,
March 18, and President John Tyler,
March 29.
In announcing this last night,
R. D. w. Connor, archivist of the
United States, listed 27 documents
which have been placed on display.
The exhibition hall is reached by the
main entrance to the Archives Build
ing on Constitution avenue.
By the Navy Band, at 2 p.m. tomor
row at the Sail Loft, Navy Yard. Lt
Charles Benter, leader; Alexander
Morris, assistant leader.
March, "White House Correspond
ents” -Benter
Tone poem, "Irlandia”_.Drumm
Solo for comet, "Glenn Island,”
Musician Oscar Short.
Hymn, “When I Survey the Wonder
ous Cross.”
Ballad, romantic, “The Turnstile in
the Lane” ...Mrs. Oillett
"Funeral March,” from "Die Oot
terdammerung” ...Wagner
Solo for soprano, "Glannlna Mia,”
Mme. La Barre, from "Firefly,”
Spanish march, "Cadis”.Valverde
Intermeszo valse, "Chanson Bohe
mienne” . Bold!
"March of the Little Leaden Sol
diers” . ...Pierne
Highland patrol, "The We# Mac
Gregor” . Amers
Idyl, “Whispering Flowers,”
Von Blon
Solo for harp, with band accompani
ment, "Fleurette”..Rogers
Musician William Cameron.
Grand march, "Pomp and Circum
stance” .Elgar
Intermesso march, "Flibbertigib
berts” .Noack
"Toreador and Andalouse,” from
"Bal Costume” .Rubinstein
“Dance of the King and Princess, *
March, “Back to Camp”.Blankenburg
"The Star Spangled Banner.”

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