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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 13, 1938, Image 3

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AUSTRIA MENS
NEWS CENSORSHIP
Mail and Wire Messages
Put Under Scrutiny
by Nazis.
By the Associated Press.
VIENNA, March 12.—Foreign cor
respondents felt the pinch of tighten
ing censorship today in Nezified Aus
tria. t
S. A. (Black Shirts) men stood con
stantly at the side of the chief of Aus
tria’s oldest news agency, supervising
all his calls and information to for
eign journalists.
They also tapped all outgoing tele
phone calls. The mail was watched.
The private news agency head ad
vised his clients to ask no questions,
lest they be considered incriminating.
Code System Evolved.
He evolved an elaborate code sys
tem, in which, for example, talk of
a rase garden could mean the move
ment of German tanks.
The United States Legation made
representations in connection with the
detention of Alfred Tymauer, corre
spondent for the International News
Service, an American agency.
A photographer for an American
photo agency temporarily was refused
permission to make pictures of a pa
rade tonight. The refusal, by a
minor Nazi official, was withdrawn
after representations to a higher-up.
Local Calls in German.
The correspondents’ local telephone
conversations to the government tele
graph office had to be in German,
but those to points abroad could be
in any language.
Delays in completing telephone calls
abroad were noticeable, particularly
those to London.
The Nazis hinted an explanation of
the delay in the London calls lay in
Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler's hatred of
British newspapers.
——-•
ARMY ‘FORTRESSES’
IN FRIENDLY RAID
Land Troops at Tampa, Fla., Then
Hop Off for Langley Field
for Lunch.
Bj the Associated Press.
TAMPA, Fla., March 12.—Eight
of the Army’s giant "flying fortresses”
led a friendly air attack on Tampa
from Michigan today to demonstrate
how the Army can cover the Nation
in an emergency.
The big “fortresses” roared into
Drew Field at about 250 miles an hour
with squadrons of smaller bombers
and buzzing little pursuit ships in
their wake.
They came here from Selfridge
Field, Mich., in four hours and a half,
flying five minutes apart. After land
ing 109 troops they left for Langley
Field, Va., for lunch.
“Just a routine little errand,” an
officer said. “This is not a maneuver.
We're just ferrying men hpre for the
ground crews of other ships. The
practice flying will start Wednesday.”
There were no bombs aboard.
The big planes w ere in and gone in
half an hour.
More planes will be in and out to
morrow as the Army concentrates one
“wing” of its Air Corps in Florida to
rehearse its ability to perform away
from home.
WOODRING MAKES PLEA
FOR‘SERENITY’ AT HOME
Uncertain Situation Abroad Calls
for Support of Government,
Says Secretary.
By the Asscciated Press.
ORLANDO, Fla., March 12.—Secre
tary of War Harry H. Woodring to
night voiced a plea that “all be serene
on our domestic front" while the
International situation is “uncertain
end disturbing.”
The cabinet member spoke at a
meeting of the Young Democratic
Clubs of Florida.
Because of the crisis in world af
fairs, Mr. Woodring said, “ it is more
Important than ever that all be serene
on our domesic fron. Patriotism and
common sense alike counsel support of
the Government.
“We believe that our representative
democracy is ideally suited to the
needs of free Americans. We want no
dictatorships, no Communist state, no
corporate government, no totalitarian
nation, or any other alien political
institution. We are satsfied with our
Republic.”
Mr. Woodring devoted much of his
address to a review of the Roosevelt
administration and to criticism of the
Republican party.
Foxhunters to Fly.
ELKTON. Md., March 12 UP).—A
20 -acre aviation field will be provided
for the fifth annual Cecil County
Breeders’ Pair and Foxcatcher
Hounds race meet, September 9 and
10, at the estate of William du Pont,
Fair Hill, near Elkton. A national
cup race over a three-mile brush
course will feature the meet.
Rome
(Continued From First Page.)
open expression of the sentiments and
will of the Austrian people, confirmed
in an unequivocal manner by the
striking public manifestation with
which the events have been greeted.”
French Plan Objected To.
The Fascist body said of the French
proposal:
“The grand council takes note of
the rejection by the Fascist gov
ernment of the french suggestion for
concerted action, which being without
foundation and withoift possibility,
would have succeeded only in render
ing more difficult the international
situation.”
The letter from Hitler was read to
newspaper men as the Grand Council
and Premier Mussolini weighed the
international situation in another part
of the palace. The council had heard
the communication a half hour earlier.
Ciano indicated Italy had no re
sponsibility for recent Austrian events.
He told the Grand Council that Kurt
Schuschnigg, deposed Austrian chan
cellor, had not informed Italy/ on
his talks with Hitler at Berchtesgaden
February 12.
Since Austria, Hungary and Italy
were bound under the Rome protocols
to keep one another informed on mat
ters of vital, common importance,
Italian political circles said Schusch
nlgg’s omission was regarded as a
breach of faith.
Hitler’s letter contained the follow
As Hitler Left Fatherland to Take Over Austria
This picture, sent by radio from Berlin to New York, shows Chancellor
Adolf Hitler deft) as he left Munich by auto yesterday on his triumphant
entry into Austria, preceded by troops, planes and tanks. At right is Commander
in Chief Wilhelm Keitel, in the center the chauffeur, while in the background
the sivastika emblem adorns the plane in which Hitler flew from Berlin.
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Vienna
(Continued From First Page.)
of wildest enthusiasm greeted the
conqueror.
Peasants, workers, school children
and Austrian Nazis lined the streets
and highways. Children showered
flowers into his auto. Old women
wept as he passed, hailing him as “the
liberator of Austria.” Women knelt
in prayer after he passed.
Crowds waiting in Linz, the Upper
Austrian capital, were worked into a
frenzy as his 2-nule long caravan
neared the city. Six German tanks
and lines of German troops moved
into Linz as the citizenry roared its
approval.
New Outbursts on Appearance.
Hitler’s eventual appearance brought
new outbursts.
‘‘I do not know what day you will
be called.’’ he told them, referring to
Schuschnigg's postponed plebiscite on
support of the government.
"I hope it is not far off. Then you
will have to stand by your conviction.
I believe I can be proud of my father
land before the entire German people.
It must prove to the entire world any
other attempt to part this people
will be in vain.”
Hitier found Linz crowds hoarse
from hours of shouting in the flag
draped streets. The new Austrian
cabinet welcomed him as well as boy
hood friends, many of whom had not
seen Hitler for many years.
Yesterday saw Hitler’s first step on
Austrian soil for about 25 years, as
far as is known publicly. He left Aus
tria in 1912 to live in Munich, and
last his Austrian citizenshp when he
joined the Bavarian Army in 1914.
Vienna Prepares Big Greeting.
Vienna's greeting to her new chief
tain today was expected to be even
more dramatic, bolstered by even more
soldiers, tanks and planes.
Already the beautiful city hall plaza
in Vienna has been renamed Adolf
Hitler Square. After a turbulent day
of reorganization in government of
fices, Vienna Nazis turned out for a
gigantic torchlight parade last night.
His entry into Austria and plans
for his arrival in Vienna were all car
ried out with Hitler’s great sense of
showmanship. He delayed his entry
into Linz until the waiting populace
had been worked into emotional frenzy.
Nazis Take Over Government.
As the first German troops marched
unmolested into Austria, Nazis book
over all government posts, from provin
cial governorships down. In cities
they assumed control of telegraph,
telephone and radio communications.
Strict censorship wras imposed.
Newspapers immediately felt the
Nazi fist, which thrust into all phases
of Austrian life.
German warplanes swooped down on
Vienna, bringing more than a thou
sand infantrymen to take command
of the capital. Other squadrons scat
tered. Nazi pronouncements of union,
while army trucks spread more thou
sands of German troops to strategic
posts throughout Austria.
Church Bells Sealed.
When Hitler's car slowly crossed
the Inn River bridge yesterday, sep
arating Germany and Austria near
ing explanation of Germany’s actions:
"There is not involved in this act
(the German nltimatum to Austria)
anything but legitimate national de
fense, therefore action which any
man of character in my place would
discharge in the same way.
“Also, your excellency would not
have acted otherwise if Italian des
tiny were involved. I, as Fuehrer and
a National Socialist, can not do other
wise.
“In this critical hour for Italy I
have shown you the firmness of my
intentions. Do not doubt that also in
the future there will be no cause for
change in this respect.
Brenner Is Frontier.
“Whatever may be the consequences
in future events, I have traced clear
the German frontier with regard to
France. Now I draw it equally clear
with regard to Italy. It is Brenner.
This decision will never be Jeopardized
or attacked.”
Hitler’s letter said that “events have
burst upon us unexpectedly,” because
he had had no inkling that Schusch
nigg would order the plebiscite, can
celled yesterday.
Ciano reoeived a telegram from the
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Braunau, on Austria's northern fron
tier, not far from Czechoslovakia,
church bells pealed a greeting to the
returning native son.
With him were Gen. Wilhelm Keitel,
commander in chief of Germany's
armed forces, and other Nazi chief
tains.
For half an hour Hitler stopped in
Braunau for a sentimental visit to his
birthplace. At other villages along
his route scenes of wildest enthusiasm
greeted him.
1,100 Persons Arrested.
Vienna's police chief estimated 1,100
persons had been arrested Friday
night, most of them Fatherland Front
officials and others who asked mod
eration as Nazi-ism came to Austria.
TJie Fatherland Front, formerly
Austria's only legal political party and
the organ which attempted to dam
the Nazi stream, was dissolved as Nazi
organization spurted with emergence
of a National Socialist government.
In addition to German troops thou
sands of the “Austrian Legion,” Nazis
who fled to Germany after their un
successful putsch in July, 1934,
streamed back across the border to
take part in the victory.
Prominent Persons Seised.
Among Austrians arrested were nu
merous prominent citizens of Salzburg,
who were placed in "protective cus
tody” by the new regime. They in
cluded a Catholic newspaper editor,
twc Jewish merchants, the president
of the Salzburg Labor Bureau and
several police officials.
A several months’ old decree cut
ting Austrian exports to Germany by
40 per cent, to allow for ultimate
equalization of German debts of 60,
000.000 schillings «$11,340,000) to Aus
tria, was suspended immediately.
This was taken as an indication of
extremely close commercial arrange
ments—that Austria was being drawn
into Germany's four-year economic
self-sufficiency plan.
NEW SUSPECT REPORTED
ARRESTED IN SPY CASE
U. S. Officials Decline Comment
on Seizure of Second
Airplane Mechanic.
By the Associated Pres*.
NEW YORK. March 12.—A second
Seversky Aircraft Corp. employe to
night was reported seized in connec
tion with a probe of the sale of
American military secrets to foreign
agents, but Federal officials declined
comment.
Employes of the Farmingdale, Long
Island, plant in which some of the
Army’s fastest pursuit planes are
under construction, said two Federal
agents took into custody a mechanic
a few hours after Otto Herman Voss,
39, German-born aircraft worker, was
ordered held in default of $10,000 bond.
Voss was charged with delivering
and inducing others to deliver “to
agents of a foreign power certain
documents, writings, code books, sig
nal books, photographs, instruments,
and information relating to the de
fense of the United States.”
new Austrian government assuring a
determination to continue ‘‘the in
timate relations so happily existing.”
Many Italians Apprehensive.
When German troops arrived at
Brenner Pass, many Italians were ap
prehensive, even thought German and
Italian commanders exchanged ges
tures of friendship at the border.
The government, in acquiescing in
extension of German power to the
Tyrolese Alps, openly abandoned a
cardinal point in its foreign policy
for 20 years—an independent Austria.
This point previously had been held
to be Imperative to the security of
Italy.
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Text of Hitler’s Speech
By the Associated Pres*.
VIENNA, March 12—The com
plete text of Adolf Hitler's speech
today at Linz, Upper Austria, fol
lows :
"I thank all of you who are
(fathered here and who give by
your presence testimony it is not
the wish of only a few to found
this new Pan-Germany, but it is
the will of the German people It
self. <
"It would be fine also if some
of our well-known international
seekers after truth could not only
see the truth here, but also recog
nize it.
"When I once departed this
city I had the same feeling and
conviction that fills me today.
"Picture my feeling of emotion,
after such long years of faith, to
see it imy faith) brought to ful
fillment in rapid shouts of joy
when fate called me from this city
to be leader of the Reich.
“Then fate must have given me
a commission, and it can only
have been a single commission, to
return my beloved Fatherland to
the German Reich.
"I believed in this Divine com
mission. I lived and fought for it.
I believe I now have fulfilled it.
And you are witnesses to it.
"I do not know what day you
will be called < apparently referring
to a plebiscite such as Schuschnigg
had called and then canceled). I
hope it is not far off.
"Then you will have to stand by
your conviction. I believe I can
be proud of my Fatherland before
the entire German people. I must
prove to the entire world any other
attempt to part this people will
be in vain.
"Just as you then will be obliged
to perform your duty for this Ger
man future, so is all Germany pre
pared to fulfill the obligation to
you in seeing you liberated. And
she begins to fulfill those obliga
tions today.
•'You will see in the German sol
diers who are marching in from
all sections of the Reich, you will
see in them fighters who are ready
and willing to sacrifice everything
for the entire community of Ger
man people, for the power of our
Reich, for its glory.
“Now and forever Germany. Sieg
Heil. (Hail victory.)”
——. %-— —
Soda Fountain for Middies.
ANNAPOLIS, Md„ March 12 l/P).—
A soda fountain, with tobacco and
candy available, is being planned for
the use of the midshipmen at the
Naval Academy, it was learned today.
The fountain will be located under the
rotunda of Bancroft Hall, the mid
shipmen dormitory.
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ROY C. WALLACE ENTERS
RACE IN TENNESSEE
Former Controller Announces He
Is “Candidate of No Clique
or Faction."
Bj the Associated Press.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., March 12 —
Roy C. Wallace, former State con
troller, announced today for the Dem
ocratic nomination for Governor and
said, “I am the candidate of no clique,
faction or combination.’’
Previous to Wallace's announcement,
the contest was between Gov. Gordon
Browning and Prentice Cooper, Shel
byville lawyer who bears the indorse
ment of E. H. Crump. Memphis politi
cal leader and bitter foe of the present
State administration.
Mr. Wallace advocated co-operation
with the T. V. A. and with all of Pres
ident Roosevelt's policies. He also
said he favored local option control of
liquor rather than the State-wide pro
hibition in effect now.
The primary is in August.
DATA GIVEN LIBRARY
BY ‘FATHER OF N. R. A/
_ '
Vanderhoof Presents Documents
to Support Claim That He
Originated Idea.
B» the Associated Press.
GREENWICH, Conn., March 12.—
Prank E. Vanderhoof disclosed today !
that he had donated to the Library of
Congress original documents which he
said supported his contention that he
was the "father of the N. R. A.”
The Greenwich inventor reported
the Library requested the data several
weeks ago "for permanent historical
display.” He made public a letter
from Linn R. Blanchard, chief of the
Library's division o 1 accessions,
acknowledging receipt of the gift with
cordial appreciation.”
Mr. Vanderhoof contends that long
before the National Recovery Admin
istration, later scrapped by a Supreme
Court opinion, came into being, he
outlined a similar plan for unemploy,
ment relief to various officials. Among
those to whom he submitted the plan,
Mr. Vanderhoof said, were Herbert
Hoover, then President, and President
Roosevelt, who at the time was Gov
ernor of New York.
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