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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 15, 1938, Image 5

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CAPPER PRAISED
EOR AID TO D. C.
Kansas Senator Cautions
Citizens Not to Lag in
Representation Fight.
Senator Capper of Kansas last night
urged the citizens of Washington never
to cease in their fight for national rep
resentation for the District of Co
lumbia.
In an address before the Columbia
Historical Society at the Mayflower
Hotel, where he was praised by voice
and through letters by many promi
nent leaders for his work in behalf
of the District's welfare, Senator Cap
per declared:
"If anything ever was worth fight
ing for, it is national representation
for the District of Columbia. And I
am confident that finally your cam
paign will be victorious, as it well
deserves to be.”
Referring to the fight for the vote,
Senator Capper added:
"In waging this commendable war
against a form of autocracy peculiarly
repugnant to patriotic Americans, you
will find that our greatest enemy is
Indifference. Therefore, I charge you,
never cease to agitate your cause—
spread the fire of your zeal through
out the city and kindle dormant sen
timent of the Nation.”
Cites Tax Tyranny.
Earlier in his address the Kansas
Senator, who is sponsor of proposed
legislation for a constitutional amend
ment to give the District national
representation in the Senate and
House, asserted:
"You are taxed by and through
Congress without any voice in the
method of taxation. The same cry
that went up years ago by the great
American leaders. ‘Taxation without
representation is tyranny,’ is now be
ing repeated. The people of the Dis
trict of Columbia have no spokesmen
in the halls of Congress. If a spokes
man for the District would be heard,
perchance, a new system of govern
mental philosophy would be brought
into life and the sequence would be
a more satisfactory condition for the
people of the Nation's Capital.
“You are deprived of suffrage; de
nied the right to sue in the Federal
courts; you have no voice in the se
lection of high official positions in the
municipal government; deprived of a
voice in the method of taxation. You
pay the same taxes as are paid by the
citizens of States, and more than most
of the States; yov serve in emergency
in the same armed forces; you pay the
same income tax and you willingly pay
your own taxes after your taxes are
decided upon by Congress. You are
denied a vote or voice in the election
of a President or Vice President,” Sen
ator Capper continued in describing
the "humility” of the people of the
District.
•‘Antithesis or Seir-Ruie.”
Further deploring the lack of the
vote here, Senator Capper said: "The
political status of the District is
unique. It has no prototype either at
home or abroad. It is the perfect an
tithesis of self-government. Your peo
ple are of full political stature, but are
only citizens in embryo. They are
without the franchise. They can
neither sue nor be sued in the courts
of the United States outside of the
District and they are ineligible 4o any
elective position.”
Senator Capper described Congress
as the “ipso factor council” of the Dis
trict.
"Ninety per cent of this council,” he
said, "know little about and care less
for the needs, the requirements or the
inhabitants of the community they
dominate.
"Moreover, they are not immediately
concerned about the city's future, mor
ally, economically or otherwise. They
select District committees from their
own members to look after those mat
ters with due regard to their wider
national responsibilities and let it go
! at that,” he said.
"Indefensible” Form.
"This type of government,” contin
uedJBenator Capper, "may be better
than that enjoyed by other municipal
ities, but it is exceptional, un-Ameri
can, undemocratic and indefensible.
It is imposed upon the community
Before Historical Society
- ----————^
Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas, right, shown last night
at the Mayflower Hotel with Allen C. Clark, president of the
Columbia Historical Society, left, and Fred A. Emery, vice presi
dent of the society. —Star Staff Photo.
without their consent and by forces
wholly external. The people, chafing
under these conditions, naturally arid
justly protest against their continu
ance,” he said.
Senator Capper said "the last presi
dential election in which the residents
of the District, as such, voted was in
November, 1800,” when "the voters
cast their ballots as citizens of Mary
land and Virginia.
“Since that time the cry for na
tional representation has been raised
almost continually. There is no valid
argument against it,” he asserted.
Elsewhere in his address Senator
Capper said that on July 1, 1937,
Washington had a population of
627,000 persons. While the city is not
considered a manufacturing or busi
ness metropolis, Senator Capper said,
“it has more than 10,000 manufactur
ing, wholesale and retail and service
establishments, employing 63,849 wage
earners, earning a pay roll of $77,
707,772. The aggregate sales or value
of products in all these establish
ments in 1935 was $666,915,492," he
added.
Senator Capper recounted the early
history of Washington and events
which led to establishing the Dis
«
trlct as the Nation's Capital. He told
the society he concurred in the pro
posal of Representative Sol Bloom,
made at the February meeting of
the society, that the District on July
16, 1940, celebrate the 150th anniver
sary of the act of Congress which
caused Washington to become the
Nation’s Capital.
The society adopted a resolution,
introduced by Fred A. Emery, vice
president, praising Senator Capper
for his service to the District during
his many years in the Senate. The
resolution, referring to Senator Cap
per, declared "none has surpassed in
his keen interest in the welfare of
the City of Washington.’’ The reso
lution also asserted: “To him we as a
society as typical of the true feeling
of every responsible patriotic organiza
tion in the National Capital attest
our everlasting admiration, respect,
appreciation and gratitude.”
Edward F. Colladay, president of the
Washington Board of Trade, in an ad
dress, declared of Senator Capper:
“During 21 years he has been active
in District affairs as if the citizens
were his own constituents.”
Lauded by Commissioners.
The District Commissioners, in a
letter to Senator Capper, said in part:
“The Commissioners and the citizens
of this community are aware of your
untiring efforts for the welfare of the
District of Columbia during your en
tire service in the United States Sen
ate.
“It is not passible, within the limited
compass of this letter, to set forth your
many achievements for the develop
ment and beautification of the Na
tion’s Capital.
“Your hand has always been ex
tended in friendship and helpfulness
to the residents of the city of Wash
ington. Your time has always been at
their disposal.”
Commissioner Melvin C. Hazen also
sent a separate message, expressing re
gret at not being able to attend the
meeting, due to being out of town, and
praised Senator Capper as “a warm
l personal friend and great friend of the
District.”
Harry N. Stull, acting president of
the Federation‘of Citizens’ Associa
^ ....
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Jt
tions, In a letter, declared of Senator
Capper: “His untiring efforts to secure
for us some political rights, his sympa
thetic consideration of all public mat
ters which deeply concern uk and his
intimate knowledge of District affairs
generally have made him absolutely
indispensable to the people of the
District of Columbia." Mr. Stull ex
pressed appreciation, in behalf of the
federation, for Senator Capper's serv
ices to the District.
Senator Capper likewise was praised
in letters from Theodore W. Noyes,
editor of The Star, and Eugene Meyer,
publisher of the Washington Post.
Hailed as “Wise Champion."
In his letter, addressed to "ffllow
members” of the Columbia Historical
Society, Mr. Noyes said, in part:
“I regard Senator Capper as the
wise and vigorous champion of the
unrepresented and helpless people of
the District, a consistent advocate of
everything that is right and nothing
that is wrong for the protection of
the impotent people of the Capital
and for the wise and full development
of Washington, the city.”
Mr. Meyer, in his letter to Senator
Capper, declared, “I know no Senator
who has consistently made more
friend and who has more contin
uously endeared himself to the friends
he has made than you.”
Among others who joined in prais
ing Senator Capper for his long service
to the District were Allen C. Clark,
president of the Columbia Historical
Society; Louis L. Bowdler, past presi
dent of the Northeast Business Men's
Association; Edwin S. Hege, past pres
ident of the Chevy Chase Citizens'
Association; Wade H. Ellis, lawyer;
James P. Duhamel of the Columbia
Historical Society and Association of
Oldest Inhabitants of the District,
Dr. C. C. Clark, assistant chief of
the United States Weather Bureau,
and Mrs. Watson V. Shelton, vice
president of the Society of Natives
of the District, all of whom were at
the meeting.
Messages of praise also were sent
by Evan H. Tucker, president of the
Northeast Washington Citizens* Asso
ciation, and from A. J. Driscoll, presi
dent of the Mid-City Citizens’ Asso
ciation.
The following were made new mem
bers of the society:
K. H. Berkeley, Miss E. Bertha
Chinn, I. W. Ellenberger, William P.
Kelly, Henry King, Joseph Low, B.
Houston McCeney, the Most Rev.
Arthur A. O’Leary, S. J., and George
C. Shaffer.
Mr. Emery, the vice president, pre
sided at the meeting and introduced
the speakers.
SIGMUND FREUD ILL'
Scientist Ignorant of Conquest of
Hie Istnd by Germany.
VIENNA, March 15 I/P).—Sigmund
Preyd, the 82-year-old "father of
psychoanalysis.” does not know yet his
Austrian homeland ha* been absorbed
by Nazi Germany.
The illustrious Jewish scientist Is
suffering from a recurrence of a
chronic glandular trouble. In view of
his advanced age his family feared to
tell him the political news.
His physician said, however, his
condition was not critical and there
was no cause for alarm.
31 Men and 8 Women Seized
for Their Anti-Nazi
Demonstration.
Police Court hearings were scheduled
today for 31 men and 8 women ar
rested yesterday for picketing the Ger
man Embassy and Austrian Legation
In protest against the Naslflcation of
Austria.
They were to be arraigned on charges
of violating the law prohibiting pick
eting within 500 feet of an embassy or
legation. Collateral for each was set
at 850.
The picketers are members of the
American League of Democracy, the
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Twenty-five of them were rounded
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The other four were taken at the
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avenue N.W.
Prior to their arrest the German
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A crowd of several hundred spec
tators gathered to watch the demon
strators. while attaches of the Embassy
could be seen peering from windows.
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