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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 17, 1938, Image 12

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With tullT Morning Edition
THURSDAY..March 17, 193*
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' in- ' ' — '■ -.ii. ■ .hi
Is Spain the Goat?
Although Mussolini was silent as the
tomb on the subject of Spain, while
swallowing the bitter Austrian pill before
his cheering Chamber of puppet Deputies
at Rome, the possibly true inwardness
of his wry-faced welcome of the new
neighbor at the Brenner begins to loom
out of the dynamite-laden European
fog. Spain appears to explain 11 Duce s
acquiescence in accomplished facts at
The French government is so im
pressed by the probability that Hitler
and Mussolini have an underground
agreement to let Italy dominate Spain,
while Germany grabs Austria, that
Premier Blum has appealed to Prime
Minister Chamberlain for joint Anglo
French action to frustrate such a con
spiracy. In its consummation France
sees peril not only to her southern
Pyrenees border, but to the Mediter
ranean communications with her African
empire. Great Britain would be men
aced in hardly less degree by Fascist
control of the Eastern Mediterranean,
with its threat to Gibraltar and the “life
line'’ to India and the East.
Plausibility is lent to this disquieting
situation by the sudden reverse of
Loyalist military fortunes between
Valencia and Barcelona. Since their
recent recovery of Teruel, the Insurgents
have been pounding toward the sea with
irresistible fury. Within the past fort
night Franco has mopped up twenty-five
hundred miles of government territory
and is now less than forty miles from
the Mediterranean coast, thus steadily
accomplishing his objective of splitting
the remainder of Loyalist Spain squarely
in two and almost isolating Madrid.
There are late reports that with the aid
of strong French artillery and aircraft
reinforcements, the government may be
enabled to make a last grim stand, but
many indications suggest the approach
ing end of its gallant twenty months of
resistance as Loyalist troops fight with
their backs to the sea.
It is universally conceded that Franco’s
so-called end-the-war drive was made
possible only by the sudden accession of
overwhelming German and Italian man
power and equipment. If this turns out
to be true, it would sustain the theory of
an Italio-German deal comprehending1
Austria and Spain.
Italians, at first convinced that Hitler
had sold the Berlin-Rome axis down
the river, seem to be reassured by II
Duce's analysis on Wednesday of the
inevitability and innocence of the Aus
trian annexation. His blithe acceptance
of the coup is now interpreted as a con
clusion on his part that as between an
entente with the British and continuance
of the German axis, Fascist bread will
be best buttered by playing with Berlin.
After all, Italy’s ambitions lie chiefly in
the Mediterranean, where she craves
predominance over Britain and France.
No matter how favorable a bargain
Mussolini might drive with Chamber
lain, if that egregious statesman still
has stomach for dickering with dictators,
II Duce could never expect British aid
In the promotion of his Mediterranean
dreams. Germany has no conflicting
Interests there.
All of which adds up to the likelihood
that Spain is, in fact, cast for the role
of goat in the latest struggle between
Europe’s faltering democracies and de
termined dictatorships.
It is contended in some parts of Europe
that the only sure way for a man to
enjoy himself is to be a recognized mem
ber of a suicide club.
National Medicine.
Pneumonia kills approximately 100,
000 every year in the United States. At
least 50,000 of these deaths could be pre
vented by the prompt use of anti-pneu
monia serum. This would cost from $50
to $150 per cure—a maximum of about
$7,500,000 for 50,000 lives. In only two
or three States is there any way to get
this invaluable remedy except by paying
for it. Many persons suffer from pneu
monia who do not have $50 or $150.
Tuberculosis kills about 80,000 in the
United States every year. Its death rate
Is seven times as high among the un
skilled workers as among the professional
groups, and ten times as high among the
colored as among the white. At least
40.000 of these lives could be saved by
health supervision in occupations pre
disposing to the disease, by detection of
incipient cases and by adequate treat
ment in early stages of the disease.
Deaths from cancer could be reduced
20.000 annually if everybody could take
advantage of the methods of treatment
now known. They cannot. These treat
ments cost too much for most persons
not In comfortable circumstances.
Twelve thousand mothers died in
child birth in 1936. This is not at all
surprising when it is revealed that there
was no physician in attendance at
1,250,000 births.
These are Just a few of the statistics
presented yesterday by Surgeon Gen
eral Thomas Parran before the Senate
Committee to Investigate Unemploy
ment and Relief. Dr. Parran has a
strange job these days. While half the
world seems to be engaged in thinking
up better methods for wholesale slaughter
he is puzzling his brain for better meth
ods of wholesale life-saving.
Said Dr. Parran: ‘‘Our existing struc
ture of social security provides old-age
pensions to the needy, unemployment
insurance and old-age annuities to
soften the impact of Job loss and old
age destitution; aid to dependent chil
dren and the blind. To this basis we
need to add a real, Nation-wide, result
getting public health program. We need
a reorientation of our public health ma
But, Dr. Parran hastens to add, as
have even the most liberal spokesmen
of the medical profession: "This can be
done without any basic change in our
present system of medical practice. Much
of the public effort will be directed
toward making available better tools for
the use of the practicing physician.”
This is something quite different from
"socialized medicine.” But the Surgeon
Genera^ has pictured'a situation to which
neither physician nor legislator can
close his eyes. A few hundred thousand
lives a year are worth saving.
A Blow to Racketeers.
At long last the House District Com
mittee has reported out the so-called
numbers bill, designed to aid police and
the courts in eliminating from the local
crime scene a gambling racket that has
spawned violence and gangsterism in
Thus ends an amazing episode—a one
man blockade against a law enforcement
measure for which there was unanimous
demand by those charged with preserving
law and order in the Nation's Capital.
The bill had passed the Senate more
than a year ago, but, due to the de
termined opposition of Chairman Pal
misano of the House District Committee,
had seemed destined to die in committee,
deprived of even a numbers’ victim’s
999-to-l chance of a “hit.”
Public opinion as expressed by an out
raged citizenry finally had its effect,
however. Members of Mr. Palmisano's
own committee demanded that pro
ponents of the bill be given at least a
sporting chance to meet the chairman in
open hearing and to state their case.
The case which they stated at the
hearings, just ended, clearly exposed the
viciousness of the "harmless little game.”
The appraisal of the “game" was given
by persons well qualified to speak, police,
prosecutors and other representatives of
good government. They told of the
urgent need for legislation to cope suc
cessfully with this underworld form of
"big business.”
The case for the racketeers, if there
ever was one, quickly crumbled under
this onslaught of facts and straightfor
ward testimony. One or two members
of the committee who had been in
clined at first against a favorable report
soon changed their minds when the real
import of the illicit scheme became ap
Now that the bill has reached the
floor of the House, it should be able to
stand on Its own feet. Fair play is all
that advocates of the measure asked
from the committee and fair play is all
that the bill will need to convince any
Intelligent forum of its merit. There is
every reason to believe that the House
will join with the Senate in recognizing
this merit by passing the bill without
further delay and thus paving the way
for an intensified war on crime in Wash
There would be no further trouble If
all persons concerned in the present
events in the Eastern Hemisphere were
as well satisfied as Hitler.
Spain seems to point with pride to
the large war she can develop with the
comparatively limited space at her
disposal. • '
New Judges Needed.
The need for additional judges in the
District Court here has become In
creasingly apparent each year. At the
close of last year there were more than
6,000 cases pending on the dockets. That
means that a litigant filing a suit to
morrow cannot hope to secure a trial of
his complaint in less than sixteen
months—a situation which obviously is
not conducive to effective administra
tion of justice. During such a lapse of
time witnesses die or move away, and
the memories of those remaining be
come less clear concerning the facts on
which they are expected to testify.
It is hardly sufficient to say the Judges
could rectify the situation by working
harder or longer. The hours a judge
spends on the bench are by no means
indicative of the number of hours he
works, for many Judicial duties are at
tended to in chambers after court has
recessed and at home during the eve
nings. It also has been suggested that
the judges should shorten their summer
vacation, a proposal that has consider
able support. But, regardless of what,
merits the suggestion may have, the fact
j remains that the vacation periods of the
judges in the District are not out of line
with the practice throughout the coun
The real explanation of the existing
situation is that the District- courts are
not merely courts for the District of
Columbia but for the people as a whole.
It has been estimated that 8,000 suits
will be filed here this year. The majority
of these are District cases in the strict
sense, but many are not because of the
fact that a large number of non-resident
litigants must institute their proceedings
in the local courts because they involve
Federal officials or Federal records
located in Washington. It should be
noted that suits Involving Government
officials, particularly those attacking the
validity of administration laws, have In
creased sharply In number during recent
The proposal to Increase the District
Court bench by two or three judges and
that of the Court of Appeals by one has
the support of the Department of Jus
tice, the present judges and the mem
bers of the bar. It also has a number
of proponents at the Capitol. It Is
earnestly to be hoped that Congress will
not delay in enacting the legislation
necessary for the creation of' the new
judgeships, for, until that is done, there
can be no hope of relieving the appalling
congestion in the city’s courts.
Expert Opinion.
John L. Lewis of the C. I. O. certainly
is an authority on the New Qeal. The
country knows that he was one of its
architects. Also, it understands that
President Roosevelt has consistently
consulted him about policies during the
past five years and that those policies,
when framed in legislation and placed
in effect, have provided him with the
opportunities by the use of which he
has risen to power as a leader of radical
Mr. Lewis’ opinion of the administra
tion, for several reasons therefore, is
worthy of attention. The public should
be interested to hear what he thinks
about the “more abundant life" born of
the “brain trust” and nourished with
“alphabet soup” to the cost of at least
thirty-five billions of taxpayers’ dollars.
But when Mr. Lewis recently desired
to testify concerning the New Deal’s
“faUure" he did not address an American
audience. Instead, he preferred to
broadcast his judgment to the popula
tion of the British Isles. It was to Eng
land that he said: “Thirteen million
Americans are now unemployed. Their
numbers are steadily Increasing as the
Nation drifts with terrifying and deadly
sureness to the never-never realm of
•financial bankruptcy, economic collapse
and human tragedy * * * Our national
economy has attained the amazing con
dition where it appears that practically
all of our major enterprises are unable
to exist or function on their own
Such an Indictment, were it to be
put into language by "economic royal
ists” or “princes of privilege,” might
signify little. Coming from Mr. Lewis,
it represents an expert’s verdict. If it
is not given serious consideration by
the more thoughtful citizens of the
United States, the circumstance will be
almost as remarkable as that of the C.
I. O. commander’s change of mind. He
is getting back to “normalcy” and his
contemporaries might do worse than
attempt to follow his example.
On looking the situation over, Mr.
Maverick speaks with assurance of what
may happen next under certain con
tingencies. He presents a gloomy picture
but not as gloomy as the one presented
by intelligent gentlemen who contradict
his views.
Kentucky has become one of the most
famous of States, not only for words of
wisdom, but for a gold deposit that will
stand a considerable strain in case of
America can talk about the war she
had over twenty years ago and prepare to
avoid the repetition of a strange experi
The average American citizen con
tinues to read about trouble and make
close and intelligent inquiry as to a
way to avoid it.
Shooting Stars.
Indiscriminate Joy.
Some optimists not long ago
Said everybody ought to smile.
And each of us, with face aglow,
Made merry for a little while.
We smiled at every accident;
We smiled at every message sad.
We smiled, with excellent intent.
When any hope went to the bad.
I fear we overpressed the play,
With efforts at perpetual glee.
It’s getting so that out our way
You can’t believe a smile you see.
“Do you expect to leave footprints in
the sands of time?"
“My simple ambition at present,” re
plied Senator Sorghum, “is to secure
improvements in certain thoroughfares
that will enable my friends and self to
. avoid going into mud up to the ankles.”
Jud Tunkins says it alt depends on
who is using it whether the telephone is
a time-saver or a time-killer.
Art’s Terrific Pace.
I always pause and shed a tear
When motion picture stars I see.
They fiave to earn such sums each year!
How. cruelly hard their work must be.
Now Is the Time.
“Isn’t it rather early to be writing your
advertisements for summer boarders?”
“I’m a truthful man,” replied Farmer
Comtossel. "I won’t print ’em till later;
but I’m careful to write ’em while I can
talk about cool bracing breezes and no
mosquitoes.” -•
"Truth does not always command ap
plause,” said Hi Ho, the sage of China
town. “It is often only a trick of word
or voice that causes men to shout and
beat their hands together.”
Joyons Reminder.
The wintry skies their clouds will doff.
The storms will soon be gone.
And we can take our rubbers off
And put our golf shoes on.
“Go to church,” said Uncle Eben.
“Even if you sleeps through de sermon
dat's an hour or so when you ain’t
thinkin’ up no meanness.”
Solve Parking Problem,
Meters or No Meters
To the Editor of The Ster: '
I have read with interest your editorial
In The Evening Star of March 10, 1938
entitled: "Park and Pay," also numerous
articles on related subjects in The Star
and in the bulletins of the American
Automobile Association of which I have
been a member for a number of years.
I have been a resident of Washington
for about thirteen years and a driver
since 1912.
The parking situation In Washington
during the past ten years has been
growing steadily worse until it is be
coming intolerable. It Is not merely a
disfigurement of a beautiful city, but
also a traffic menace and without doubt
the indirect cause of many deaths. Even
the parkers, of whom I am one, are con
cerned with the situation. To the offi
cials dealing with traffic it may seem
as if progress was being made in solving
one of our most serious municipal prob
lems, but to mere residents and car
owners it seems as though efforts were
directed principally to “regulations” as
contrasted with constructive planning.
Whether Washington shall or shall not
have "parking meters” can affect the
solution of Washington's traffic problem
very slightly. Meters at best are merely
a temporary expedient. The talk about
the renting of street space, injustice to
merchants, etc., is a matter for the legal
department of the city to handle. The
installation of parking meters will not
perceptibly increase or decrease the
number of parked cars. Parking, whether
free or metered, can be permitted only
where the Traffic Bureau permits, but it
is better for merchants, movie theaters
and drivers if parking spaces are avail
able for limited use at small cost rather
than continue the present unsatisfactory
practice of free parking combined with
a maximum of bother, playing hide and
seek with the police and finally perhaps
walking a half mile back to the store or
movie. Such an argument does not nec
cessarily hold when the parking space
for perhaps only a few minutes means
a parking lot for which a 25-cent charge
is made.
The proposed meters should not divert
attention from the really big issue: "Can
Washington solve its parking problem?”
Personally I believe that it can. We
have here the Fine Arts Commission,
the National City Planning Commission,
eminent engineers, Senators. Representa
tives and technical experts of various
kinds. Washington is accustomed to
think in terms of big and complicated
problems and all that is necessary is to
apply the same technique to the traffic
problem. It must not be assumed, how
ever, that a major move of this kind is
to be accomplished .without some ex
pense, but the expense will probably be
less burdensome than the present chaos.
Enumerates ‘Mad Dogs’
That Should All Be Killed
To the Editor of The Star:
A correspondent whose letter you
printed lately, in approving the killing
of mad dogs, both actually and figura
tively, develops a heroic method of pro
tecting society against dangerous in
What right has the District Govern
ment to sell the privilege of dispensing
liquor, when some of those who buy it
will use it to excess and thereby harm
themselves and others?
Kill the mad dogs! But let’s kill all
of them.
What right has the District Govern
ment to tax and thereby privilege the
business of selling automobiles, when
some of those who buy them wijl use
them unwisely and recklessly, to the
injury and death of themselves and
others? These "mad dogs” are selling
things which are killing a greater num
ber of people in our city than all of the
Further, what right has the District
Government to tax and thereby permit
the business of selling bath tubs, when
some of those who use them are going to
be careless and fall to their injury and
even death in them, or to drown in
In fact, has the District Government
any right to tax and thereby privilege
the building of houses, when some of
those who live in them are going to slip
or fall to their deaths, be burned to death
by the fires those houses are equipped
for, or be electrocuted by the deadly
electric current which is led into those
houses? More people annually meet
death through accidents in homes than
are the victims of homicides, whether
or not the killer has been drinking.
When we begin cleaning out the “mad
dogs” let’s make a clean sweep of them.
But meanwhile, perhaps we might help
some by teaching people who use these
things the “mad dogs” sell to use them
with reason and care. C. L. CHAPIN.
Numbers Player Pleads
For ‘Live and Let Live’
To the Editor of The Star:
Just being one of the many who has
kept abreast with the so-called crime
wave or numbers racket, I wish to go on
record as saying that I play the numbers
and I am not ashamed to say so. After
all it is my money that goes into the
pocket of the runner or collector and who
has a better right than I to say how to
spend my money. After all I work for
It and can do as I darn please, right?
If these old reprobates would wake up
and stop crying wolf, they might wake
up to the fact that the numbers racket
could be put under Government control
and by legalizing the game could derive
a nice income for the District.
For all the good of all concerned it •
is my intention to continue to play the
numbers when I feel like it and let the
rest of the fine upstanding citizens do
what they please with their money. But
above all don’t try to tell the other
person how to live, this is not Soviet
Russia. It seems to me that the police
have enough on their hands to try to
keep narcotics and too numerous foot
pads out of the District, instead of try
ing to molest the number runner, who
at least is trying to lick depression and
keeping a family from starvation. Why
don't the sleepy Commissioners wake up
and live and let live?
Safe Country.
From the Nuhvllle Banner.
Mme. Ramola Nijinsky observes that
art has a chance to develop here because
it is the safest and most peaceful coun
try at present. And it’s safer to dodge
cabbages than bombs.
No Lack of Talent.
From the Kansu City Star.
Nine members of the House already
have announced themselves as candi
dates. for the Senate. There need be no
public alarm, however, about filling the
House vacancies thus created.
Pomological Value.
From tha Lowell Courier-Cl tlaen.
The only spies that are really worth
a price are, believe it or not, the well
known Northern spies.
Hopeless Task.
From the Toledo Blade.
Newspaper readers are getting tired
of trying to Identify the underdog in
"Eat it up; wear it out;
Make it do; do without."
That’s an old New England motto, said
to have been a particular favorite of
Calvin Coolidge.
"Eat it up-"
European investigators always have
insisted that an Old World family could
live on the food which daily finds itself
in the average American garbage.can.
We throw away, in other words, much
perfectly good food, partly because we
do not know how to handle left-overs.
The American spirit, of course, hu
something to do with it. There is no
desire to use left-overs, as such.
We are in a hurry and want some
thing new. Even with modem refrigera
tion, there is some danger in keeping
foods too long. Even cooked foods will
not stand the strain forever.
Finicky eating habits, too, play a part;
the person, young or old, who has hot
a good appetite is not going lo look with
favor upon foods which he knows were
on the table yesterday, or maybe the
day before.
* * * *
Eating habits are complex. Complex
ity is a feature of the age. Our streets
are crowded, not only with automobiles,
but with varying traffic lights and signs.
As if this were not enough, soon we may
have automobile “hitching posts’’ as well.
The new Fuehrer of Austria, according
to the Associated Press, “was in a con
versational mood after his simple dinner
of pea soup and rice.”
Imagine an American conqueror being
satisfied with such a dish!
"Not bad, for a start,” our typical
American would say, "but where is the
rest of It?”
Simple eating habits make for sim
plicity all along the line. If dishes are
simple, and there are not so many of
them, there is a great deal better chance
of their being eaten up.
No wonder America has the finest
bacon in the world—the hogs get so
much good food.
The idea is not so much stinginess, or
a refusal to buy, but a realistic utiliza
tion of that which is good.
Ballyhoo cannot divorce common sense
from this idea, which is as old as the
hills. Money or lack of money hasn’t
much to do with it. It is just the Idea
of honest utilization of good stuff.
America, at the bottom, has been built
on that idea.
* * * *
"Wear it out-’’
This idea has never been a popular
one, except with certain persons, who
somehow find it natural to them to love
old clothes and dislike new ones.
Let no person interested in any way
in the manufacture or sale of clothing
have the slightest fear about this
Most people like nothing quite so much
as new’ clothes, and will starve them
selves, if necessary, to get them.
To certain persons, however, there is
some triumph in making old clothes
"do,” as they say; every small town has
at least one old gentleman or lady who
proudly proclaims the ownership of a
suit or dress from 20 to 40 years old.
These seem to be the favorite ages;
Just why they are universally selected
we do not know, unless it is that they
are round numbers, whatever round
numbers ere.
* * * *
A churning lady called upon us the
other day. She brought a Swedish pound
cake, made with a bit of crushed lemon
In it. It was very nice.
She said she bad worn her coat for
30 years, or thereabouts, we forget the
exact number of years.
“See,” she said, holding up a fold for
close inspection.
It was of broadcloth, like new.
Among Europeans thrift is more fash
ionable than in this country. Maybe
what is fashionable, or the thing which
is done, has a great deal more to do
with it, wherever we live, than we at
times realize.
it A A A
“Make it do-”
Such a motto will never, never do,
according to the way some think.
Deliberate obsolescence has been
worked out to a fine point—perhaps too
fine a point. Who knows?
There is a certain pioneering pleasure
In making something or other "do.”
It becomes a sort of game with some
persons. They mostly play it against
themselves. It is the mind, correcting
the mind.
“I want that,” a part of the brain says.
“What’s the matter with what you
have?” another part asks.
So goes the mental game, played by
the mind against itself.
Perhaps it hasn’t been fashionable in
recent years to mention this game, but
that it has been played there can be no
doubt, human nature being what it is,
and taxes mounting all the time.
* * * *
Those taxes!
It is not only the money part of taxes
that irks an honest man, but the very
idea of them, which idea necessarily
includes their growth.
One must save in order to meet them.
One must make things do if there is
going to be no relief from taxes.
* * * *
“Do without-”
That is the sad corollary.
No American but finds it sad not to
be able to spend, and spend and spend
We Americans love to spend, all we
have, and more, too. We have proved it,
and would like nothing better than to
continue to prove it.
But if everybody’s hand is to be in
your pocket, maybe “Cal” Coolidge was
right, after all.
It’s eat it up, my friends; wear it out;
make it do; do without, if necessary.
There are cycles in ideas, as in all
things. We can remember when local
banks advertised that no account was too
small. Then they began slapping on a
“charge” if the total fell below one
hundred “iron men.”
Once upon a time it was the thing to
save. The banks’ bankers said so. Then
it became the thing to spend furiously.
A well-trained people, the Americans
tried to do as they were told, with what
results yet remains to be seen.
The world is in change, and we are
changing with it. No one is smart
enough to say what will happen next
year, or even next month. Herr Hitler is
eating pea soup in Linz. What shall we
have for dinner?
Notebook of Science Progress in Field,
Laboratory and Study.
It is now possible to pass on to a sadly
misinformed world what the “O” means
in “O Hara,” what the “Me” means in
“McCarthy,” and what the “Fitz” means
in “Fitzgerald.”
Dr. John P. Harrington, expert in
comparative linguistics of the Bureau
of American Ethnology, takes a holiday
from Kiowa and Siwash now and then
to delve into the roots of our own mother
tongues, and he favored us the other
day with a learned discourse on Irish
“O’ ” means “grandfather.”
In both old Irish and old Latin it
was “awus.” In classical Latin it was
the same, spelled “avus.” In English
is the word "atavism,” meaning “throw
back.” It is literally “at-avus-ism,” or
“grand! atherism.”
Later Irish dropped the terminal “os/’
leaving “aw.” Then it was an easily ac
quired habit of pronunciation that re
duced this to “O.” In the same way
the word for “water” in old French was
“ow,” and has now become “eau” or “O.”
So “O’Hara” means unquestionably
“Hara was his grandfather,” a reverse
way of saying “he is Hara’s grandson.”.
“Mac” and "Me” mean “boy” or “son.”
“McClusky” means "Clucky's boy,” pos
sibly more closely than “Clusky's son.” It
can be traced through the old Gothic
where “boy” was "maqus,” later “mawus.”
The term did not change in Irish. In
Welch the initial M was dropped, leaving
“aq” or “ap.” In derived words or Welstj
origin the “a” also is often dropped.
Thus come such names of “Perry” or
“Peary,” meaning "Erry’s” or "Harry’s”
or “Henry’s boy.”
The term apparently was dropped in
Italy and also by the Germans—although
the Latin word for “boy,” “puer,” may be
the same term which has gone through
something like the Welsh process.
The Irish name prefix “Fitz” has
an involved history. Its Latin form is
“fllius,” meaning “son,” but originally
meaning "suckling.” In Gothic it ap
pears as “thilious,” meaning "suckling.”
and the same word appears in English,
after a series of linguistic shifts, as
“dairy”—or “place of sucklings.” The
Irish and Latin “f” changes, to “th” and
“d” in the various dialects.
And here’s the derivation of another
good Irish word:
The old Irish for “water” was “eah.”
The Goths who followed the Irish
out of Scythia had already changed '
it to “ahwa,” meaning "river.”
The aboriginal barbarians of Italy
couldn’t pronounce “eah” and it became
The old Irish for “strong” was “huisk.”
By a series of linguistic shifts it became
“fortls” in Latin.
In the western islands the old Irish
survived and sometime about the end
of the 17th century a use was found for
a combination of the two words—“huisk
That’s the derivation of “whisky.”
There are few clues left, Mr. Harring
ton points out, as to the actual mean
lngs of Irish family and personal names.
A few can be traced with some cer
tainty, such as Riggs and, secondarily,
Briggs. They come from “rig,” the old
Irish for “king.” In Latin it became
rex.” In Gothic it was "riks.” All are
a long way from the Sanscrtpt “raja,”
although from a common root. It was
“rix” in Gallic. Caesar’s soldiers, by the
way, probably had little trouble under
standing the “savages,” whom they were
fighting, enough to carry on some sort
of a conversation with the captives.
Such names as Kelly and Murphy go
back beyond history and there is no clue
to their meanings.
1 “Moore” or “More” is very close to its
derived meaning in modem English—
that is “big.”
Another curious survival is in the
feminine name “Maurine”—or “big girl ”
It is the opposite of “Pauline,” or
“little girl.”
The proper translation of the name
Maurine O'Sullivan, for example, would
be "Sullivan s big granddaughter.”
Business Is Shanghaied
Like the Oyster Dredgers
To the Editor of The Star:
There were some black pages written
in the history of the oyster industry
some forty years ago down on the
Eastern Shore of Maryland.
Oystering is work that tries the bodies
and souls of men. Handling a pair of
long, heavy tongs with the temperature
away below freezing and with no pro
tection from the elements is no picnic.
Consequently it is not work that is par
ticularly sought after except by those
hardy souls who have been used to it
all their lives.
Frequently the captain of an oyster
boat found himself short-handed because
of illness among his crew, brought on by
hardships incident to the work. His
course of procedure then was to put in
at Baltimore and recruit. At nightfall
the captain and the mate would go
ashore and visit some of the low dives
on the waterfront. Selecting a husky
down-and-outer from among the habitues
of a saloon the captain would graciously
buy him a few drinks. About noon of
the next day this man would find him
self being kicked awake in the hold of
an oyster boat in the middle of the
Chesapeake Bay. A pair of tongs was
put in his hands and from that minute
until the oyster season was over his life
was a hell on earth. Unless he escaped
or died. This gantle business was called
From time to time the body of one of
these unfortunates washed up on the
shore showing unmistakable signs of
foul play. In one case the poor human
derelict’s skull- had been smashed and
the foreman of the coroner's jury, an
old salt, rendered the following verdict:
“Well sir, we find that this here man
was Shanghaied and worked to death.
He was hit over the haid.with a marlin
spike and killed. He was throwed over
board and drownded. He washed up and
American industry has been Shang
haied and worked to death because of
the silly regimentation of this silly ad
ministration. It has been hit over the
head and killed by the unfair decisions
of the N. h. R. B. It has been thrown
overboard and drowned by the admin
istration’s excessive and punitive tax
ation. It is about ready to wash up and
die from the hate inspired persecutions
of Mr. Roosevelt and his communistic
And now, dear children, in what re
spect was the oyster boat captain
smarter than Mr. Roosevelt? Why the
captain knew when he administered the
last lethal sock to his victim it was all
over so far as getting anythin? more out
of the victim was concerned. But Mr.
Roosevelt expects to do these things to
Industry and still collect huge revenue
from the corpse. Logical, eh what?
Matrimonial Margin.
From the Worcester Gasette.
* Mrs. Roosevelt says she thinks a wife
ought to receive a definite part of the
family income. It isn’t fair to keep the
little woman speculating whether she
should taka 06 or 08 per cent.
A reader can get the answer to any
question of fact by writing The Evening
Star Information Bureau, Frederic J.
Baskin, Director, Washington, D. C,
Please inclose stamp for reply.
Q. What Is the smallest kind of
monkey?—W. P. R.
A. The smallest monkey Is the pygmy
marmoset of Brazil. It weighs 4H
ounces, about twice as much as a mouse,
and has heavy hair and a long tail.
Q. What Is vegetable spaghetti?—
J. W.
A. Vegetable spaghetti is a type of
squash which glows about eight Inches
long and four inches in diameter. It Is
cooked whole In boiling water and when
cut open the interior resembles a mass
of spaghetti.
Q. Is is possible for a violin note to
break a glass?—J. M.
A. A thin glass may be broken by
resonance, that is, by sounding in close
proximity to it a note of the natural
pitch given by the glass when struck.
Creditable instances are on record where
this has been done by the sound of a
voice or of a musical instrument care
fully tuned to the pitch of the glass and
sounded strongly in its immediate neigh
Q. How many young people are un
employed?—H. K.
A. Dr. Homer P. Rainey, director of
the American Youth Commission, re
cently estimated that there are 4,000,000
young people from 16 to 24 out of school
and unemployed.
Q. Who are the national figure
skating champions?—K. L.
A. Robin Lee of Chicago won the men’s
title for the fourth consecutive year and
Miss Joan Tozzer of Boston took the
women’s title.
Q. Who owns the majority of stock in
the Radio Corp. of America?—J. H. G.
A. The stock of Radio Corp. of
America is held by nearly a quarter of
a million stockholders residing in every
State of the Union. More than half of
these stockholders own 10 shares or less.
No individual owns as much as one-half
of one per cent of the total amount of
stock outstanding.
Q. How old is Hitler?—E. J. 8.
A. Adolf Hitler was bom April 20,
Q. What is the population of Formosa,
and of what race are the natives?—H. W.
A. At the latest census, this Japanese
island had a population of 5,213,000, in
cluding 256,000 Japanese, 44.000 Chinese.
1,000 Koreans, and 200 foreigners. The
bulk of the natives are of Chinese de
scent, mostly from Fukien and Kwang
tung Provinces. The 147,000 aborigines
are fierce savages of Malay affinities.
Q. Who was the first president of the
American Federation of Labor?—E. O. K.
A. The American Federation of Labor
was organized on November 15, 1881.
Until 1886 it was known as the Federa
tion of Trades and Labor Unions of the
United States and Canada. At that time
there was no executive council and
president as there was after 1886. There
was a president and vice president of a
legislative committee. Samuel Gompers
served as president of this committee
from 1881 to 1886. He was then elected
president of the American Federation
of Labor and remained its president
until his death, with the exception of
1895, when McBride was president.
Q. How many sunny days does Los
Angeles have under ordinary circum
stances?—H. M.
A. There is an average of 355 sunny
days each year in the city.
Q. Has celibacy among Catholic priests
always been observed?—F. E. B.
A. Up to 385 A.D. celibacy of the
entire Roman Catholic clergy was not
obligatory. Efforts had been made
previous to this to enforce celibacy, but
in 385 the decretal published by Siricius
was pronounced which not only enjoined
celibacy of bishops, priests and deacons,
but ordered those having wives to
separate from them on penalty of ex
communication. This decretal was re
affirmed by Pope Leo the Great in 561,
and Pope Gregory the Great in 604.
Q. What is the duty, on raw silk?—
E. W.
A. There is no duty on raw silk.
Q. How long have Federal employes had
part of their salaries deducted for the
retirement pension?—M. L, K.
A. The Civil Service Retirement Act
went into effect August 21, 1920.
Q. Who are some of the famous people
buried in the Washington Cathedral?—
J. A. W.
A. Among those who are buried in the
Cathedral crypts are Bishop Thomas J.
Claggett and Mrs. Claggett, Bishop
Henry Yates Saterlee and Mrs. Saterlee,
Bishop Alfred Harding and Mrs. Hard
ing. President Woodrow Wilson, Admiral
George Dewey and Mrs. Dewey, Melville
E. Stone of the Associated Press, Mrs.
Anne Sullivan Macy, Dr. William Hol
land Wilmer, Henry Vaughan, one of
the original architects of the Cathedral,
and the Hon. Henry White and his wife,
Margaret Stuyvesant White.
Q. How many old, worn-out cars are
in use in the United States?—L. G. P.
A. Approximately 6,500,000 ears having
a value of $50 or less and mostly seven
years old, or older, are now in operation.
Q. Where was Representative Zion
check of Washington born?—H. S.
A. The late Marlon Zioncheck was
bom in Poland in 1900. He came to the
United States when 3 years old and
settled first in Chicago, later moving
to Seattle, Wash.
Q. How many miles of telegraph wire
are there in this country?—T. S.
A. There are 87,678,000 miles of tele
phone and telegraph wire in the United
Q. Who threw the first spltball?—
W. O. M.
A. The spltball was first thrown by
Elmer Strlcklett.
The “Pocket” Navy.
From the Lowell Leader.
The taxpayer who has to contribute
his share of the cost of naval construc
tion gets the notion that vessels of a
certain type are appropriately called
pocket battleships.
A Winning Hand.
From the Fort Wayne Newi-sentlnel.
It Is apparent that, in the present In
ternational poker game, three dictators
of a kind will beat any royal flush.
Hitler Qualified.
From the Battle Creek Baquiref-Mewa.
That paper-hanging experience should
help Hitler in fitting the pieces of his
contemplated map of Europe.

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