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Mission Is to Keep Alight the Lamp of Liberalism, He Declares. B» the Associated Press. NEW YORK, April 1.—The United States, says Herbert Hoover, should avoid alliance with other democratic nations against Fascist powers, and at the same time be wary lest Fascism take root in this country through "planned economy.” "I found most nations in Europe •onvinced that we would be inevitably drawn into the next great war as In the last." said the former President, just back from Europe, in an address last night before the Council on Foreign Relations. "Some people build confident hope upor. it. But every phase of this pic ture should harden our resolves that we keep out of other people's wars. Nations in Europe need to be con vinced that this is our policy.” Our national mission, he asserted. Is to "keep alight the lamp of true liberalism. “But,” he added, “it is in the United 6tates that we must keep it alight.” Rumbling War Machine. Speaking in a low voice, his face tired and grave, he recalled the long retreat of democracy across the face of Europe In the 19 years since Versailles. "Europe today is a rumbling war machine,” he said, "without the men yet in the trenches.” He devoted much of his speech to an outline of forces which he said had led to the rise of the Fascist form of government to a “raging power” which had leapt “its original . boundaries” until now it was accepted In major part by ”14 nations in Eu rope with 240.000.000 people." "It is worthy of emphasis,” he said, ‘‘that Fascism has always begun in the form of planned economy. And it, was ushered in by the same cries and slogans that they were for the liberation of the common man.” "With economic planning once started, each step has required an other until it arrives at government dictation to business, to labor and farmers of wages, hours, production, consumption, prices, profits, finance, currency, imports and exports.” Refers to Home Trends. • * * Let me again repeat," he said, his voice rising, ‘‘that democracies are first infected by the plausible no tions of ‘cure the business sltimp’ * through so-called economic planning. Every step in this direction requires another. Every step further de i moralizes free economy.” "And step by step more force and coercion must be applied until all liberty—economic and personal and political—is lost. Let no man mistake that we in America have until now avoided the infection of these Eu ropean systems. ‘ If our own so-called planned econ omy is not an infection from the origi nal stream of Fascism it is at least a remarkable coincidence.” On the subject of international re lationships, the former President said Ideas had arisen “In many quarters in Europe and some in America,” that because democracy was “endangered by the rise of dictatorships and au thoritarian governments, therefore democracies should join in some sort of mutual undertaking for protective action.” “These ideas were greatly stimu lated and encouraged by the word quarantine from these shores,” he con tinued. referring to president Roose velt's Chicago speech of last year. Involve More Than Words. “Such proposals, if sincere, iinvolve more than mere good words. Anything honest in that direction implies the pledge of some sort of joint military or economic action by the United States with other powers. We may as well be blunt about it. i “If we join with the two other pow erful democracies, Great Britain and Prance, we are engaging ourselves in an alliance directed against Germany and Italy and all the satellites they can collect. “Such a combination of democracies would at once result in combining the autocracies against the democracies. It could have all the hideous elements .of old religious wars. “We should have none of it. If the world is to keep the peace, then we must keep peace with dictatorships as well as with popular governments.” However, he said, the Nation could and should join “in the collective moral forces,” as distinguished from those of economic or military force, for peace. “In summary, in the larger issues of world relations, our watchwords should be absolute Independence of political action and adequate preparedness.” league Greets Proposal. GENEVA, April 1 <4>).—League of Nation* circles greeted with pleasure today former President Herbert Hoo ver's proposed solution of Europe’s post-war reconstruction debts to the United States. (Hoover’s proposal, in a New York speech last night, was that nations which borrowed from the United States after the war pay their debts into a fund to be used for higher education, research and exchange scholarships.) A source close to the League said the plan was an ‘‘interesting sugges tion which might have practical re sults” in promoting world understand V ing and peace. Berlin Not to Comment. BERLIN, April 1 (IP).—There will be no reaction to former President Herbert Hoover’s speech last night on international affairs as far as official Germany is concerned, a propaganda ministry spokesman declared today. "The speech, as far as we know, was absolutely neutral and there is no rea son to make any comment,” he said. U. S. LODGES PROTEST Bough Treatment of American by Japanese Cited. / SHANGHAI, April 1 <jP).—United States Consul General Clarence B. Gauss protested to Japanese authori ties today against rough treatment V. F. Meisling of Los Angeles received at the hands of Japanese police. Meisling, a reporter and photog rapher for the North China Daily News, was accosted when he. attempted to take photographs of the be flagged New Asia Hotel—Incubator of the Japanese-inspired central government at Nanking. NATIONS SUPPORT REFUGEE AID PLAN Hull Expected to Announce Time and Place of Meeting Soon. By the Associated Press, An overwhelming majority of fa vorable replies to Secretary Hull’s pro gram for international aid to political refugees is coming in to the State Department. Hull Is expected to announce in a few days the time and place of the first meeting of the international com mittee he has suggested. It will be in Switzerland, but not at Geneva, where it might appear to be linked to the League of Nations. Of 33 countries addressed, 19 have replied. All but one were favorable. Dispatches from United States diplo mats indicate that nine or ten addi tional favorable replies are en route. The nations that have accepted are Belgium, Brazil, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Prance, Haiti, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Colombia, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Sweden, Argentina, Guate mala, the Netherlands, Panama and Venezuela. The country refusing Is Italy. The United States has not yet heard whether Germany will permit the po litical refugees to leave Germany and Austria. Germany is reported to have been none too happy over the fact that Secretary HulKsent out his note with out informing Berlin at the same time. Speeches by Hitler and his right hand men—Goering and Goebbels— indicate, however, Germany would be glad to have Jews leave. Secretary Hull has received in the last few days a number of repre sentatives of Jewish organizations promising their assistance, financial or otherwise, to carry out his Irian. He has specified that, although the delegates to the International com mittee should be officially named by the governments addressed, private or ganizations should finance the project. Three Die in Crash. FAIR BLUFF, N. C., April I UP).— Three men were killed near here Just before midnight when two heavily laden fertilizer trucks collided. The victims were identified as Douglas Conner, 23; his 14-year-old brother, Leroy, and Dick Bullock, colored. All lived in this vicinity. PRESIDENT’S SON JOINS James Roosevelt Initiated by Tall Cedars of Lebanon. James Roosevelt, eldest son of the President, was Initiated last night as a member of Capitol Forest, No. 104, Tall Cedars of Lebanon, the Masonic order which his father joined when he was Governor of New York. The ceremony took place at the Willard Hotel before some 300 Tall Cedars. Sixty other men, about half of them metropolitan policemen, also were Initiated. Aid* Hefty Talk*. The Bureau of Standard* threw its official weight on the side of the hef tiest folks today. It recommended specification* for commercial scales place the capacity at not less than 250 pounds. If You Arm Troublmi With Rheumatism guslar .ar jest p°.in ,?« Mountain Valley Mineral Water, dlrert M?M1 ,vr°,u* Ho* Sprlnaa, Arkanaaa. Mildly alkaline. Deeply aatiafylnt. In doraed b, phy.lel.na for over 30 yeara. Phone for booklet. Mountain Valley Mineral Water MEt. 1IW? lint a ai ou Here's a double-barrel SPECIAL, starring all the season's best sellers. Every coat comet direct from our Rocheiter factory— which means Quality with a capital "Q". The prices speak for themselves. u fChargt P It" -»ht Band way. 1335 F St. N.W. to be "the well dressed man" if you know all the answers Single or double breosted? 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