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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 16, 1938, Image 2

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SCHOOL-P. 1*. k
SOLUTION SOUGHT
Prince Georges Officials
to Meet Tuesday on
Muddled Program.
Prince Georges County (Md.)
school officials are preparing to con
fer Tuesday to unscramble complica
tions over the joint county-Public
Works Administration school expan
sion project.
The difficulty arises from the fact
that contracts under which the proj
ect was commenced with county funds
were not submitted to P. W. A. for
approval. P. W. A. officials pointed
out that certain qualifications are de
manded for P. W. A. funds and unless
these standards had been met under
the preliminary obligations, the
county funds so spent could not be
counted against the 55 per cent of
the total bill which must be met by
the county.
Status in Doubt.
Supt. of Schools Nicholas Orem said
he doubted whether the expenditures
already made could be counted, which
means additional funds will have to
be raised.
"The matter of the wage require
ments may not have been met by
the private contractors, for example,"
the superintendent pointed out. "We
left that matter entirely up to the
contractors." He was referring to the
P W. A. requirement that prevailing
wage scales should be paid to workers
on a P. W. A. project.
$230,000 Obligated.
The county has raised and obligated
about $250,000 through bond issues
and planned to raise the rest of a
total of $442,000 by May 1.
Although the county only asked for
$292,000 in its original request in
October, 1936, P. W. A. officials said
their engineers had estimated the
project would require a Federal con
tribution of $319,455 and had con
firmed this with county engineers.
This sum would represent 45 per cent
cf the total project.
"However," Michael Strauss, P. W. A.
official, pointed out, "the county need
only use as much of this as they
can match at the 45-55 ratio. The
money is not given as a single sum
to be taken or left.”
The sum allotted, he said, represents
the top beyond which the P. W. A.
will not go.
RITES TO BE TODAY
FOR EDWARD LYLES
Service* for Southern Railway
Engineer Will Be Held From
Alexandria Home.
Funeral service* for Edward W.
Lyles, 56. Southern Railway engineer,
who died at Alexandria, Va., Gen
eral Hospital Wednesday afternoon,
will be held at 2:30 p.m. today from
his late residence, 112 South Alfred
street.
The Rev. Robert C. Mas ter ton, rec
tor of Grace Episcopal Church, will
conduct the services, and burial will
be In Ivy Hill Cemetery.
Mr. Lyle*’ death followed an lllnes*
of * lightly more than two weeks.
During that time he had been con
fined to the hospital.
He was employed by the Southern
Railway for the last 35 years and
wa* a locomotive engineer for the
last several years.
Surviving are his widow. Mrs. Anna
L. Lyles: a sister. Mrs. Clinton Bal
lenger of Alexandria, and two broth
ers, Thomas Lyles and John A. Lyles,
both of Fairfax County.
A member of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers, Mr. Lyles also
was a member of several fraternal
groups, including the local lodges
of the Elks. Masons, Knights Templar,
Royal Arch Masons and Shrine.
61 MORE ARE INDICTED
IN KANSAS CITY FRAUD
List Is Largest Returned by Any
One of Three Grand Juries
Probing Elections.
St the Afsocitted Pr*»».
KANSAS CITY, April 18.—A Federal
grand jury yesterday indicted 61 more
persons on vote fraud conspiracy
charges in the 1936 general election.
It waa the largest list returned by any
one of the three grand Juries and
brought to 257 the number of persons
Indicted.
All those named yesterday were
from the twelfth ward and included
two policemen, Gilbert Hunt and
James O. Gildea.
Maurice M. Milligan, United States
district attorney said a new Jury would
be called next month to continue the
investigation.
In the 14 vote-fraud cases which
have come to trial there have been
81 convictions without an acquittal,
4 pleas of guilty and 20 of no defense.
Two men are serving terms in prison
and 12 more face early committment,
the United States Supreme Court hav
ing refused their final plea.
D. C. STUDENT WINS
Awarded Oberlin University $80
Prize for Covenant.
Russell Fessenden, 2716 Wisconsin
avenue N.W., a senior at Oberlin Col
lege, was announced today as co
winner of a $50 prize for a covenant
for a “League of Democracies.” Er
nest Hatch Wilkins, university presi
dent, made the announcement.
Mr. Fessenden's prize was one of
six offered in as many fields for pro
po6als for International co-operation
in order to move the world away from
its “suicidal plurality toward some
kind of unity.”
CAN YOU SWIM?
No? Here's Your Chance to Leorn
April 18 to 23
UNDER AUSPICES OF
The Star and Y. M. C. A.
LIMITED TO BOYS 9 TO 18
Clip This Coupon and Present at Registration
Desk in the Boys* Y. M. C. A. Building
1732 G St. N.W.
Colored Boys Apply at 12th Street Branch,
1816 12th Street N.W.
2 M
Congressional Children Take to the Air
Robert Kniffen, son of Representative and Mrs. Frank C.
Kniffen of Ohio, and Ralph Church, jr., son of Representative
and Mrs. Church of California. The big party took place at the
Women’s Congressional Club. The program went on the air over
the red. network of the National Broadcasting Co., heard here
through Station WRC. —Harris & Ewing Photos.
Surgeon General Says Boys
Are Fortunate to Have
Opportunity.
The boys’ learn-to-swim campaign,
to be conducted by the Y. M. C. A.
boys’ department, in co-operation with
The Star, was described yesterday by
Dr. Thomas Parran. surgeon general
of the United States Public Health
Service, as “one of the noteworthy
annual events in Washington.”
Giving the campaign his hearty in
dorsement, Dr. Parran added:
“As in previous years, some 500
boys will be able to secure instruc
tion from experts, thereby adding to
their list of accomplishments one of
the finest exercises and health-pro
moting sports.
Many Benefits.
“I am glad to indorse this campaign
for several obvious reasons, not the
least important of which is the po
tential opportunity for rescue work in
the water. While I am pleased that
the boys of the community will have
these excellent facilities for learning
to swim I am also hopeful and strongly
recommend that all persons who do
not count this skill among their ac
complishments strive to master this
art both for the pleasure and satis
faction it gives.
“Ability to swim adds measurably
to the enjoyment of a vacation and
is a healthful year-round diversion
as well. It is an exercise which, when
practiced intelligently, promotes a
sense of confidence and well-being.
Washington boys are very fortunate
in having this opportunity so close
at hand.”
Coarse Begins Monday.
The free course in swimming in
struction will begin Monday and run
through April 23. Boys from 9 to 18
years of age are eligible. All candi
dates must be registered by 10 a.m.
Monday. William T. Pry. director of
the campaign at the Central “Y” boys’
department. 1732 G street N.W., urges
the boys who want to take the course
to register early to avoid a last
minute rush. The registration office
will be closed tomorrow, except for
registrations to be received in the
regular Sunday mail delivery at the
“Y.” More than 400 boys already
have registered.
Colored boys will be taught to swim
at the Twelfth Street Branch Y. M.
C. A., 1816 Twelfth street N.W., where
they are being registered.
HEALTH MEETING
Dr. Robert Detwiler will speak on
childhood tuberculosis at a meeting of
the Arlington County, Va.. Tubercu
losis Association to be held Tuesday
in the Clarendon Health Center, 1119
North Hudson street, it was announced
today.
The public is invited to attend the
meeting, which also will hear a re
port on the recent high school health
survey and a report on the annual
meeting of the State Tuberculosis
Association at Richmond.
SENATE REJECTS
BUTTER PROPOSAL
_
Plan for U. S. Purchase of
Substitutes Fails in
39-22 Vote.
By the Associated Press,
Senator Connelly, Democrat, of
Texas told the Senate yesterday the
Civil War has never ended.
He was complaining against a pro
vision prohibiting Government pur
chases of butter substitutes, some of
which have cotton seed oil as an In
gredient.
“The Union whipped us," the Texan
declared. “They made us stay in the
Union, and they've been giving us hell
ever since.”
On motion of Senator Ouffy, Demo
crat. of Wisconsin the Senate voted,
39 to 22, against a proposal by Sen
ator George, Democrat, of Georgia
that butter substitutes be used by the
Veterans' Administration.
The amendment was attached to
the Veterans' Administration section
of the 11.400.000 independent office ap
propriation bill. It was rejected by
the House conferees in the joint con
ference on the measure and Senator
Glass reported the disagreement to
the Senate.
Senator Duffy, Democrat, or Wis
consin moved that the Senate concur
in the House rejection, asserting the
amendment “would open the doors to
butter substitutes to be served vet
erans as food.”
The Southerners supported the
amendment as an aid to an American
industry and said efforts to eliminate
it were "a direct blow to products of
the South.” He charged a dairy lobby
had forced the first prohibition against
purchase of butter substitutes Into
the law about six years ago.
Senator Duffy retorted that the "lob
blyists” who had asked his aid in de
feating the amendment were Wisconsin
State officials and dairymen.
Senator Bankhead, Democrat, of
Alabama urged the Senate to stand
by the amendment, arguing he had
used oleomargarine and had found
it an acceptable substitute. He con
tended defeat of the amendment would
work a hardship on “the underpriv
ileged third of our population” who
because of low Income were forced to
use butter substitutes.
TOWNSEND HITS MOVE
TO GAIN HIM PARDON
Assails McAdoo and Bell for
‘Gestures’ He Sees as Bids
for Election Votes.
B* the /.s.eocisted Press.
ALBUQUERQUE, N. Mex., April 18.
—Dr. Francis E. Townsend, flying
Bast to serve a 30-day Jail tern for
contempt of a congressional commit
tee, yesterday criticized what he
termed "useless” efforts to gain him
a presidential pardon.
The originator of the TOwnsend
old age pension plan assailed the ef
forts as "gestures” by Senator William
McAdoo, Democrat, of California, and
Representative C. Jasper Bell, Demo
crat, of Missouri to win votes in the
approaching elections.
"Neither McAdoo nor Bell will re
turn to Congress If X live and can
help It,” he said.
Senator McAdoo said in Washington
yesterday President Roosevelt had
promised to consider his request for
a pardon for Dr. Townsend. Repre
sentative Bell said he had made a sim
ilar plea.
CONGRESS IN BRIEF
TODAY.
Maritime—Senate Inbor Commit
tee works on labor provisions for mari
time subsidy act. %.
Senate and HonC In recess.
Some of the children of
members of Congress who
took part in a broadcast party
today. Left, Joan Li^ndeen,
daughter of Senator and Mrs.
Ernest Lundeen of Minnesota;
Julia Ann Sparkman, daugh
ter of Representative and Mrs.
John Sparkman of Alabama,
and Virginia Garrett, daugh
ter of Representative and Mrs.
Clyde L. Garrett of Texas.
Right, little Jane Case,
daughter of Representative
and Mrs. Francis H. Case of
South Dakota, one of the
youngest of the children in
the party.
}-*...- ■
KIDNAP ‘FLOGGING’
PfiOBEJSASKED
Alleged Beating of Labor
Leader in Mississippi
Reported to F. B. I.
Bv (Y t Allocated BrtM.
TUPELO. Mis.«, April 16 —The Fed
eral Bureau of Investigation was asked
today to Investigate the abduction and
alleged beating of Charles P. (Jimmy)
Cox, 27-year-old labor leader, here
yesterday.
A. C. I. O. representative said Mr.
Cox was abducted by a doaen men,
driven 20 miles away and "given the
lash" while his nude body was
stretched over a log.
Mr. Cox was “in hiding” today, his '
whereabouts known only to a few who
declined to say where he was. asserting
“it might mean his life.” His condi
tion Is not serious, they said, although
there is a possibility he "may have
internal Injuries.”
Sarah Potter, Tupelo representative
of the C. L O.'s International Ladles'
Oarment Workers' Union, reported the
Department of Justice had been asked
to Inquire Into yesterday's event.
Mr. Cox led a sit-down strike at the
Tupelo Cotton Mills, which resulted
In permanent closing of the mill a
year ago.
ROOSEVELTS PLAN
EASTER PROGRAM
Quiet Day to Precede Egg
Rolling Expected to
Draw 50,000.
By the Associated Press.
President and Mrs. Roosevelt have
arranged a quiet Raster Sunday as a
prelude to the traditional egg rolling
expected to attract 50,000 children and
adults to the White House grounds on
Easter Monday.
The Chief Executive and First Lady
will attend, morning services at St.
Thomas Episcopal Church. Mrs.
Roosevelt also will attend sunrise
services in Arlington Cemetery and
place a lily cross on the Unknown
Soldier’s tomb.
Week end guests at the White House
are Mtj. Harry Hooker of New York
and 5-year-old William Donner Roose
velt, son of Elliott Roosevelt by his first
marriage. Billy will be joined to
morrow by his mother, Mrs. Curtin
Winsor of Rosemont, Pa., and Mr.
Wlnsor.
President to Appear.
Easter Monday—only day in the
year when the White House private
grounds are open to the public—will
find the President and Mrs. Roosevelt
hosts to a huge throng
The First Lady will make several
quick swings through the south
grounds, where thousands of children
will begin rolling, tossing and eating
bright-colored eggs to gay band music
at 9 a.m. Sometime during the day,
President Roosevelt is expected to ap
pear on the south portico to greet the
egg-smeared milling crowd.
Gates will be thrown open at 3 p.mt,
to adults and hundreds of tourists in
the Capital for the Easter week end
will get their first close view of White
House grounds, now gay with flowering
shrubs and trees.
Have Other Engagements.
Both the President and Mrs. Roose
velt have other engagements for the
day.
The President will toss the first
baseball, opening the American League
baseball season here at Griffith Sta
dium.
Mrs. Roosevelt will hold a press con
ference and entertain the Fortnightly
Club of New York at luncheon.
Sara Roosevelt, 8 years old, and her
2-year-old sister, Kate, daughters of
the President's eldest son. James, in
vited a group of small friends to the
White House for a children's party
Monday afternoon.
ARGO LODGE TO INITIATE
j BIGGEST CLASS APRIL 27
Some 500 Members to Be Taken
in following Campaign of
Several Weeks.
Rabbi Ephraim Fiachoff. director of
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation of
Cornell University, will be guest speak
i er April 27 at the largest initiation
services in the history of Argo Lodge.
Some 500 new members will be sworn
in.
The installation will mark the cul
mination of a membership drive of
several weeks.
The Supreme Lodge convention will
be held here May 7-11, it was an
nounced. A testimonial dinner to
Alfred M. Cohen of Cincinnati, the
retiring president, will feature the
convention.
Benjamin Ourlsman and Dr. Ivy
A. Pelentan are co-chairmen of the
local committee arranging for the
1 convention.
Unique F.S.A. Experiment Gives
’Croppers New Lease on Future
Each of Farms in Missouri Settlement to
Have Houses Costing $1,000 Apiece.
Idea Wins Praise of Farmers.
By the Associated Press.
NEW MADRID, Mo„ April 16 —One
hundred men, a few months removed
from their sharecropper status, urged
100 teams of newly acquired mules to
treater speed todsy ss they plowed
level acres of Laforge Farms, the
Perm Security Administration's latest
experiment in rural rehabilitation.
A year ago these same men plowed
these same acres In Southeastern
Missouri, not far from the Arkansas
line, made a crop of cotton and last
fall, when everything was figured up,
found they had broken even, had a
few dollars above the cost of their
‘‘fumiahings" or were in debt. It was
the same atory again.
But this spring conditions are dif
ferent. Social and economic reha
bilitation has been started. Each
man has been set up as a diversified
farmer, with a farm of from 65 to 70
acres, leased to him by F. S. A., a
team of. mules, new farming equip
ment, a milk cow, a hog and pigs, and
50 chickens, purchased with funds
loaned by F. 8. A. Each of the 60
white and 40 colored families, num
bering about 600 persons, has a large
garden plot, a source of food not al
ways available to sharecroppers
Constantly Changing Picture.
The community preeents a constant
ly changing picture, even though the
project was not conceived until last
December. A trim 5-room white
cottage with two porches, one screened,
stands today where a dilapidated two
or three room cabin stood yesterday.
Nearby a new barn takes shape.
Started this morning, it will be fin
ished before nightfall.
Each of the farms will have new
buildings, pre-fabrlcated at a material
yard on the project and hauled
knocked-down by truck to locations.
Cost of the houses is figured at
slightly under $1,000 and the bams
at approximately $900 each. The
houses have three bedrooms, com
bination living and dining room and
kitchen. The schedule calls for erec
tion of two units of buildings a day,
with all families in new homes by late
June.
F. B. A. officials term the project
unique. Han B. Baasch, the manager,
frankly called it an experiment, but
he asserted it is one that may show
the way and have an Important bear
ing on the problem of sharecroppers
And tenants in the South.
Were Net Hand-Picked.
Mr. Baasch explained that none of
the farmers was hand-picked. They
were the sharecroppers on the land
when it was purchased by the Gov
ernment and they consider themselves
fortunate now to have been there,
which reflets a change of attitude
bp most them. Bone said they
had lived on this land for 20 years.
■'Must have been Ood that kept me
here," said Bedford Robinson, for
many years a white sharecropper
who preaches in the Church of God
on Sundays.
‘‘Wanted to leave a lot of times,
but never could get enough ahead.
Always Just managed to keep enough
flour, salt pork, potatoes and beans
out of the ‘furnish* to keep my wife
and four children alive during the
winter. By the time March came
‘round food supplies were gone and,
having no money, I was glad to get
the chance to sh&recrop again so we
could get the ‘furnish’ again. I fig
ured up one time our food cost us 5
cents a day for each one in the family.
‘ Now this has comp and we are really
inspired by what has happened.”
Cost $40 an Acre.
In the middle of the 6,700-acre
tract, purchased at an average cost
of $41 an acre, was a cotton gin
valued at $25,000. The farmers or
ganised the La Forge Co-operative
Association to operate the gin. The
association also set up a co-operative
store and plans to buy practically
all its supplies through it. The cotton
crop is to be marketed co-operatively.
Carl Puckett, president of the
Co-operative Association, who Is farm
ing a 58-acre tract, said purchase
of implements through the store saved
the farmers $12,000.
Wives of the farmers left their
gardens long enough today to crowd
into the store to make selections from
samples of wood chairs, tables, beds,
mattresses, stoves and other simple
furnishings—furnishings that will go
into the new homes, replacing in many
boxes used as chairs and tables and
homemade bunks built In the corners
of cabin rooms.
May Become Landowners.
The farmers are committed to repay
their loans to F. 8. A. by turning
over one-fourth of the cash from
their cotton crops. In addition to $60
rental this year. After the farmers
have had opportunity to establish
themselves, It is probable a plan will
be worked out whereby they can be
come landowners.
The diversification program calls
for 15 to 20 acres of cotton on each
farm, with a like acreage seeded to
corn. Already oats and lespedesa
has been planted. Legumes are to
be planted to provide pasture, later
to be plowed under for soil-building
purposes.
The farmers have agreed to plant
only certified cotton seed from which
they expect to produce staple of
premium grade. Also they expect
to derive, extra profit from sale of
their cojfln seed due to-Its certified
origin, r*
It’s the Beerys
Wallace Beery, the movie star, and his daughter, Carol Ann,
were quite pleased about her Easter bunny as they and Mrs.
Beery arrived in New York from Europe aboard the lie de France.
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Was Wife of Former Chief of
Army Air Service—Rites
Listed Tomorrow.
Mr*. Grace W. Pitrick, wife of MaJ.
Gen. Mason M. Patrick, U. 8. A., re
tired, former chief of the Army Air
Service and chairman of the Public
Utilities Commission here from May,
1929, to September 30. 1930, died to
day in Walter Reed Hospital.
Mrs. Patrick had been suffering
from a heart ailment and had been
in the hospital since March 4 The
Patrick residence is at 1310 Albemarle
street N.W.
Well known in the city, Mrs Pat
rick before her marriage was Grace
W. Cooley of Plainfield, N. J. She
had been active in several organiza
tions here, including the Chevy Chase
Garden Club.
Besides her husband, she leave* a
son, Lt. Bream Cooley Patrick, sta
tioned at Port Mver. Va.
Funeral services will be held at 1
pm. tomorrow in the Walter Reed
Memorial Chapel. Lt. Col. Alfred C.
Oliver, Chaplains dorp*. U. 8 A., will
officiate. Burial will be private.
I
—... — ^- -
WOMAN’S CRIES BRING
CAPTURE OF ATTACKER
Three Men Give Chase, Capturing
Touth Block From Scene of
Bobbery Attempt.
A woman's screams saved her
pocketbook and brought capture of
her alleged attacker In an attempted
robbery at Sixteenth and R streets
N.W. last night.
The intended victim was Mrs. Anne
McGee, 48, of 2615 Thirteenth street
N.W. A youth grabbed her from be
hind, twisted her arm and wrist and
sought to take her purse.
Mrs. McGee screamed as she was
thrown to the ground. Her attacker
fled, but three men who rushed to
the scene gave chase and captured
him a block away at Sixteenth and
Riggs streets. The captors were a
taxicab driver, Ace W. Hamrick. 1801
Belmont road N.W.: William Dunne,
a scoutmaster, of the Chastleton Hotel,
and Arthur Stern, 1527 Rhode Island
avenue N.W,
The alleged attacker was held for
investigation at third precinct.
EVIDENCE GUILD HOLDS
ITS SIXTH ANNUAL RITES
Outdoor Observance Is Held In
Franklin Park—Musical
Program Is Given.
The Catholic Evidence Guild held
its sixth annual outdoor observance
of Good Friday yesterday in Franklin
Park. Those participating in the
service w'ere Father John Tracey Ellis,
Winona, Minn.; Father Joseph A.
Oook, London, Ontario, and Father
John Jordin of the Dominican House
of Studies.
Father Ellis preached the intro
ductory sermon and Father Jordan
the concluding sermon. "When Christ
gave up His life on the cross it was
not failure or defeat for Him,” Father
Jordan said, "for He achieved the
greatest victory in the annals of time.”
Clerical students from Catholic
University presented a program of
sacred music. Francis Thornton, guild
president, described its purposes,
speaking in the absence of Rev. Dr.
Charles Hart, founder and director of
the guild.
DR. WILKERSON TO SPEAK
BEFORE DENTAL SOCIETY
Dr, Vernon A. Wilkerson. head of
the department of bio-chemistry at
Howard University's School of Medi
cine, will be guest speaker at the regu
lar monthly meeting of the Robert T.
Freeman Dental Society at 9 o'clock
tonight at the Twelfth Street Branch
of the Y. M. C. A. HUs subject will be
"The Recent Advance In the Chem
istry of the Teeth.”
Plans for making awards to winners
of a dental poster contest conducted
by the society and art instructors in
public schools of divisions 10 to 13,
will be outlined by Dr. C. S. Godden,
chairman of the society’s Health Com
mittee.
225 NICKEL DESIGNS
________
Uj th« associated Press.
The lowly nickel Intruded last' night
upon the multi-billion-dollar thoughts
of Treasury officials.
Last night was the deadline for
artists to submit plaster designs for
the new Jefferson nickel, which will
begin displacing the old buffalo nickel
this fall. Artists submitted 335 de
signs, which will be Judged next Wed
nesday.
The winning design, which must
show a head of Thomas Jefferson on
one aide and his Montlcello home on
the atom, win be worth 91,000 to the
artist, p
NEW FACTORS JOIN
IN TAX BILE DELAY
Politics and Public Works
Strengthen Cause of
House Conferees.
Politics and public works appeared
as behind-the-scenes factors in the
tax bill Impasse today as deadlocked
conferees abandoned until Monday
their face-to-face efforts to reach
agreement.
Both factors, it appears, strengthen
the cause of the House conferees as
they stand on their Insistence that
present principles of the undistributed
corporate profits and capital gains
taxes remain in law, even though
modified.
Offering the Senate delegation a
choice between continuing the present
law, unsatisfactory to both groups, or
accepting their modifications, the
House conferees are understood to be
playing for time against the hoped-for
adjournment date of May 14. Even
more effective potentially is the de
velopment of plans for a new Federal
spending program with large allot
ments of relief and public works money
soon to be on hand.
With members of the House up for
re-election and desirous of getting back
to their home districts as soon as
possible, the factors of time and public
funds probably would be of material
effect in rallying a vote of confidence
for the administration-favored provi
sions of the House bill.
On the Senate aide, although a con
vincing vote of support for their ver
sion of the measure undoubtedly could
be obtained, the threat of having no
bill at all might increase their willing
ness to compromise.
Aside from the tax legislation, prin
cipal obstacles to adjournment are now
the recovery legislation proposed this
week by the President, the naval ex
pansion bill pending on the Senate
side and the Department of Agricul
ture appropriations bill pending in the
House.
Although wage and hour legislation
has been reported by the House Labor
Committee, disposal of the other
measures probably would be followed
by quick adjournment, with the wage
hour question going over to the next
Congress.
FARM WAGES RISE
Br the Associated Press.
The farm hand is faring well this
spring, considering recent declines in
agricultural prices and an increase in
the supply of labor, the Bureau of
Agricultural Economics reported yes
terday .
On April 1 farm wages averaged
123.86 a month, with board, an in
crease of 2.5 per cent over the aver
age a year ago.
FIGHTS TO BLOCK
Nye Group Seeks to Bar
Construction of Three
45,000-Ton Ships.
Bf the Anoctated Prett.
Opponents of the administration's
"big Navy” bill centered their efforts
today on an attempt to eliminate
authorisation for three 45,000-ton
super-dreadnaught*.
"If we can t defeat the bill we may
at least be able to stop the building
or more battleships,” said Senator
Nye, Republican, of North Dakota, a
leader of the bloc which contends
such vessels are unnecessary, except
for a campaign of aggression.
The Senate Naval Committee ap
proved the $1,156,000,000 expansion -
bill by a unanimous vote yesterday,
but three Democratic members who
did not vote—Bone of Washington,
Gillette of Iowa and Holt of West
Virginia—said they would oppose it
on the floor. The measure may come
up for debate Tuesday.
Both Senate and House were in
recess today and also will take a
holiday Monday.
Walsh Predicts Speed.
A prediction of early passage came
from Chairman Walsh, Democrat, of
Massachusetts. He sought to win
Senate approval before the end of
next week.
The purpose of the bill, Senator
Walsh declared, is to "notify the
world that we Intend to build the
Navy up to a 5-5-3 ratio.” This was
the old ratio sought for the relative
strength of American, British and
Japanese navies.
Some Senators said the committee s
addition of an amendment to the
House-approved bill, invoking the
Walsh-Healey Act in construction of
all new ships, might provoke a fight
on the floor.
Senator Walsh contended, however,
that the act's minimum wage require
i ments would have little effect, sin^e
wages paid in the ship building trades
did not come into the "sweat shop"
category.
In addition to Increasing the capi
tal ship tonnage from 105.000 as ap
; proved by the House, to 130.000. the
; Senate Committee boosted the total
tonnage for two proposed aircraft car
riers from 30.000 to 40.000. As a re
sult, the total authorized expenditure
was increased from the *1.121.000.000
j in the House bill to $1,156,000,000.
950 Airplanes Sought.
! The 46 warships, including the 3
| battleships. 3 airplane carriers. 9
i cruisers, 23 destroyers and 9 sub
marines to be authorized under the
bill, would cost an estimated $811,
095,000.
Nine hundred fifty airplanes would
be built at a cost of $106,000,000 to
bring the Navy's minimum plane
strength to 3.000.
The 26 auxiliary vessels contem
plated would include 3 destroyer
tenders. 2 submarine tenders, 3 large
seaplane tenders, 7 small seaplane
tenders, a repair ship, 4 oil tankers.
1 mine layer, 3 mine sweepers and 2
fleet tugs. They would cost a total of
$216,451,000.
Additional equipment at navy yards,
to be authorized under the bill, would
cost $8,000,000 and $18,000,000 would
be authorized for experiments with
small fast harbor patrol ships.
NIAGARA BRIDGE LIES
NEAR LIQUOR CACHE
Bt tie Associated Press.
NIAGARA FALLS. N. Y., April 16 —
A United States customs official re
vealed yesterday that wreckage of
the famed "Honeymoon Bridge" which
sank Tuesday lies in Niagara River's
"richest" area.
But T. Markham Hennessey, dep
uty customs collector, said the wealth,
like the bridge, is unrecoverable.
"The wealth near which the bridge
section sank after floating nearly a
mile downstream on a cake of ire
consists of a liquor cache worth *5.
300,000," he asserted. “The liquor
was seized from smugglers and dumped
into the river by customs men during
prohibition days.
"Salvage Is out of the question. It
lies in 200 feet of water. Besides,
we'd seize It again if it were brought
to the surface.”
THE WEATHER REPORT
District of Columbia—Mostly cloudy tonight and tomorrow: cooler tonight,
with lowest temperature about 48 degrees; moderate easterly winds.
Maryland—Partly cloudy and cooler tonight; tomorrow mostly cloudy,
followed by showers in extreme west portion.
Virginia—Mostly cloudy and cooler in east and central portions tonight;
tomorrow^ partly cloudy, followed by showers in extreme west portion.
West, Virginia—Mostly cloudy tonight, followed by scattered showers:
tomorrow not much change in temperature.
' -A__
Pressure continues low some distance
east ot Bermuda and pressure Is low from
southwestern Oreenland southward to
Cape Race. Newfoundland, and thence
southwestward to the Virginia Capes with
a disturbance centered about latitude 41'
N.. and longlltude 58" W.. with lowest
pressure about '.’H.80 Inches, moving east
ward. The western disturbance la moving
slowly northeastward over tne middle and
lower Missouri Valley. Omaha Nebr . 29 58
inches, while pressure continues low over
Alaska and western Canada. Simpson. Dis
trict of Mackenzie. 29.52 inches. Pressure
continues high over the South Atlantic
States, Wilmington. N C . 30.18 Inches,
while a high-pressure area Is moving
southeastward over the Province of Quebec
and New England. Quebec. Quebec 30 38
lnchea. Pressure continues relatively high
over California. San Francisco. 30 18
inches. During the last 24 hours there
have been showers in the North Atlantic
States. the middle and northern Plains,
the west Glut Stales, the middle and lower
Missouri and middle and upper Mississippi
Valleys. Showers occurred also in the
North Pacific States. Temperatures have
fallen In the lower Lake region and the
North Atlantic States.
Outlook foe Week.
North and Middle Atlantic States: Show
era at beginning of week and again after
middle of week. Rising temperature first
part of week, cooler toward end.
Ohio Valley and Tennessee' Showers
about middle of week and in the Upper
Ohio Valley at beginning. Temperature#
mostly near or above normal.
Report for Last 24 Hoars.
Yesterday—
Temperature. Barometer.
J Degrees. Inches.
P.m._ 84 29.95
p.m _ 78 29.98
Midnight _ 72 80.01
Today—
4 a m._ 88 30.05
8 a.m._ 80 30.22
Noon _ 68 30.47
Record foe Last 24 Hoars.
<From noon yesterday to noon today.)
^ Highest. 86. 3 p.m. yesterday. Year
Lowest. 66, noon today. Year aao. 43.
Record Toaiporataroo This Year.
Highest. 86. on Aorll 16.
Lowest. 18. on January 28.
Hoasidlty for Last 24 Hoars.
yesterday to noon today.)
per cant, at 9:30 a.m. today,
let cent, at 6 p.m. yesterday.
River Report.
Potomac and Shanandoah Rivera clear
Jt^Harpers Ferry; Fotomac clear at Orgat
Tide Table*.
(Furnished by United State* Coaet and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High _ 9:00 s.m. 9:42 a.m.
Low _- 3:26 a.m. 4:06 a.m.
High _-_ 9:28 p.m. 10:00 p.m.
Low _ 3:58 p.m. 4:39 p.m.
The ion and Mooa.
Rises. Sets
Sun. today - 5:31 2 55
Sn. tomorrow- 6:30 6:46
ion. today_ 8:6/p.m. 8:24 a.m.
(Automobile lights must be turned or
^half hour a nor fun set.)
y ■ --
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation In lnchei In the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 193R. Averaie. Record
January _2.64 3.55 7.83 '37
February _ 2.37 3.27 6 64 -s4
March _ 1.78 3.7ft 6.84 91
April _ 1.13 327 9.13 '69
May __ 3.70 10 69 '69
June __ 4.13 10.94 00
July __ 4.71 10.63 '86
August __ 4.01 14.41 '28
September __ 3.24 17.45 ’34
October __ 2.84 8.81 '37
November__ 2.37 8.60 ’>9
December __ 3.32 7.58 '01
Weather in Various Cities.
Temp. Raln
Baro. High. Low. fall. Weather.
Abilene_ 29 80 78 50 Clear
Albany . 80.28 8o 46 014 Clear
Atlanta 30.08 78 60 Clear
Atlantic .C 30.18 84 48 Cloudy
Baltimore 30.16 84 6i _ Cloudy
Birm gham 30.02 78 62 Cloudy
Bismarck. 29 76 08 50 0.10 Cloudy
Boston . . 30.24 76 44 0 44 Clear
Buffalo 30.22 54 42 Cloudy
Charleston 30.14 78 00 Clear
Chicago 29.94 64 44 0.01 Cloudy
Cincinnati 30.04 78 64 Cloudy
Cleveland. 30 14 70 44 .. . Cloudy
Columbia 30.14 70 58 Clear
Denver _ 20 88 60 40 0.28 Cloudy
Detroit __ 30.16 70 44 Cloudy
El Paso _ 29.84 70 60 Cleir
Galveston 20.*8 72 68 Rain
Helena 29.90 60 36 Clear
Huron - 29.72 52 48 1.4# Rain
Ind'apolis 20 98 80 06 Cloudy
Jacks'vitle 30.12 78 64 . . Clear
Kans. City 29.00 70 52 0.20 Rain
L .Angelei 30.02 64 50 Cloudy
Louisville- 30.02 80 60 ___ Cloudy
Miami - 30.00 7« 72 Clear
M'n-Bt. P. 29.70 54 60 0.50 Rain
N. Orleans 29.94 80 68 Clear
New York 30.20 80 64 0.01 Cloudy
Skla City 29.73 74 60 . . Clear
maha 29 68 72 64 0.70 Rain
Phlia.. Pa. 30.20 84 52 Cloudy
Phoenix 29.80 78 64 Cloudy
Pittsburgh 30.10 74 54 Clear
P’tl'd, Me. 30.28 54 42 0.52 Clear
P'tl'd. Ore. 29.82 58 62 0.30 Rain
Raleigh . _ 30.08 82 58 __ Clear
8. Lake C. 29.98 60 30 Cloudy
S. Antonio 29.80 80 08 0.12 Cloudv
San Diego 30.00 02 54 Cloudy
Sau Fran 30.10 60 52 Cloudy
St. Deuls- 29.78 76 60 0 38 Rain
Seattle 20.76 56 50 0.40 Rain
Spokane _ 29.84 6 8 4 6 0.04 Rain
Tampa 30.08 So 02 Clear
W'SH, D.C. 30.14 85 04 ... Cloudy
FOREIGN STATIONS.
(7 a m.. Greenwich time, today )
Stations. Temperature. Weather.
London. England_ 35 cloudy
Paris. Prance_ 40 Cloudy
Vienna. Austria_ 39 cloudy
Berlin. Oermany_ 46 Cloudy ,
Brest. Prance . _ 46 Cloudy
Zurich. Switzerland_ 41 • Clouay
Stockholm. Sweden _ 41 Rein
Gibraltar. Spain 55 Ram
(Noon. Greenwich time, today >
Horta (Payali. Azores 04 Cloudy
(Current observations.)
St. Georges. Bermuda 64 Clear
Jan Juan. Puerto Riew_ 7* Cloudy
Havana. Cuba _ 70 Cieudy
colon. Canal Zona___74 Clear

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