Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Moraine Cditlaa THEODORE IV. NOTES. Editor WASHINGTON. D. C. MOVDAT.April IB, 19S8 The Evening Star Newspaper Company Mala OSes: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ava. Naw York Office: 110 gait 4Snd St. Chtcaeo Office: 435 North Michigan Ava. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban ■tegular Editiaa Evening and Sunday 05c per mo. or lSc per week The Evening Star—.«Sc per mo. or 10c per wees The Sunday Star___6c per copy Night Final Edltisn Night Final and Sunday 8tar.-_.70c per month Night Final Star-..65c per month . Collection made at the end of each month or PhCohnc'^tionOari‘,V000“y by m*U 0r ttl" Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance Maryland and Virginia Daily and Sunday—l yr., $lo.U0; 1 mo., «3e Daily only-1 yr.. $n.00; l mo.. 600 Sunday only-X yr„ $4.00; 1 mo.. 40e All Other States and Canada Daily and Sunday.l yr., $12.00; 1 mo.. $1.00 Daily only-1 yr_ $8.00; 1 mo., ?6e Sunday only-X yr.. $5.00; X mo. 600. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press U excluaively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches Cleaned to it or not otherwise credited in this *',so’’J* locsl news published herein. Ail risnts of publication ol special dispatches herein also are reserved. Pax Mediterranean. As a disillusioned world recalls the Nine-Power Treaty, Locarno, Lausanne, Stress, the Kellogg Pact and other post war devices designed to nurture that fragile plant known as world peace, it will not incline to ascribe millennial Importance to the Anglo-Italian agree ment, the latest product of European statecraft in the precarious realm of International appeasement. Fashioned primarily to extract the gunpowder with which Italo-British relations have been charged, the accord signed at Rome Saturday night is heralded as the fore runner of a far wider European new settlement to embrace Great Britain, France, Italy. Germany and Poland. The new’ Daladier government will move this week to rebuild France's fences with Mussolini, on the broad lines of Britain's arrangement with him. There upon, as Poland's ally, the French would Beck to bring Warsaw within the orbit of a five-power compact looking to gen eral continental security. In the lan guage of a currently popular song, it's “Nice Work If You Can Get It.” The power-wielders on the Thames, the Seine and the Tiber evidently think the effort Is worth making. The Chamberlain Mussolini bargain is a constructive and commendable start along a path thickly 6trewn with difficulties and clashing ambitions. undisclosed in the document initialed by Ambassador Earl Perth and Foreign Minister Ciano, but clearly underlying its text, is the hope dormant in both British and Italian breasts that the treaty will sap the Berlin-Rome axis of much, if not all, of its potency. It aspires at least to minimize its nuisance value as a war-menacing contrivance. Hitler is to go to Rome in May. He will receive a spectacular welcome, if for no other reason than to give Fascist politi cal showmen a chance to prove they can put on as good a circus as the Nazi Barnums staged when Mussolini was in Berlin. But that it will be the sour wane of disenchantment and resentment In which II Duce will toast Der Fuehrer is not to be doubted. Anschluss has Intervened since Hitler's visitation was arranged. Tens of thousands of Ger man troops are now garrisoned at the Brenner, gazing gloweringly at their "national comrades” living a minority existence in the Tyrol under the fasces Instead of the swastika. Amid all the red fire which w'ill illuminate the Capitoline Hill while Hitler is in town, Italian indignation, hot, though un expressed, will flame over the German military occupation that ensued in Aus tria, instead of the simple “racial” union Which Hitler supposedly projected. Thus Britain, which is spending $7,500,000,000 on arming against the aggressor powers, has every reason to expect that Mussolini now welcomes an entente with once profldious Albion as a useful foil against an insatiable, East bound Germany. The British, on their part, acquire in Italy a potential friend in case of Nazi pretensions, colonial or otherwise, inimical to empire interests. Of immediate concern in their give-and take arrangement is British recognition of the Ethiopian conquest, Italian re nunciation of territorial, political or economic aims in Spain, and mutual acknowledgement of “vital'1 and “essen tial” interests in the Mediterranean and contiguous areas, including the Suez Canal. Mr. Chamberlain, whose policy of trafficking with the dictatorships was recently rebuked in a London parlia mentary by-election, doubtless hails the “realistic” Italian pact as a vindication Of his program. Should II Duce’s word turn out to be as good as his bond, such hopes may prove to have been well founded. There is one angle of non European significance. Some of the Prime Minister’s detractors contend that proud Britannia has been blackmailed into an agreement with the upstart of Rome. It can be counterclaimed with equal consistency that the Pax Mediter ranean liberates British policy and sea power for a firmer hand in the Par East. Thus events of the week end may eventually undermine not only the Rome-Berlin axis, but the Rome-Berlin Toklo axis as well. Unity of the Americas. Those leaders who are directing Europe along paths of aggression must be struck hy the regularity with which President Roosevelt utilizes each new occasion to emphasize that the United States, in common with its sister republics to the south, will not suffer the extension of their activities to this hemisphere. The President's latest warning, in a Pan-American Day address to the gov erning board of the Pan-American Union, that the American republics will not permit their peace "to be endangered from aggression coming from outside of our hemisphere” not only reaffirmed the Monroe Doctrine, but declared the joint responsibility of all the American nations in repelling attacks from outside this hemisphere. He also echoed the appeal broadcast to all Latin Americans the preceding evening by the American Ambassador to Peru, Laurence A. Stelnhardt, for a united front of the Americas against Old World "predatory forces” and for a marshaling of "public opinion in our hemisphere against those who still be lieve the law of the Jungle is man’s destiny.” Despite the decriers of inter-American unity and solidarity—whose arguments spring from diversities of race and social characteristics—there is undeniable unity of interest and of purpose between all the peoples of the 21 American republics. They have a common Interest in the maintenance of free government and democracy as well as economic prosperity and social order. “We have learned in this Western Hemisphere syhat com munity of interest really means,” Presi dent Roosevelt said. They all have a common purpose, albeit in greater or less degree, to bequeath to the next gen eration. as Ambassador Stelnhardt put it, "a civilization which will be fit for our children to live in.” That some of these peoples fall to recognize their true interest, that some of them may have been lured away from their purpose in life does not detract an iota from the need of each to depend upon the support of all in the face of common menaces. Welcome, D. A. R. The annual Congress of the Daughters of the American Revolution brings to Washington a representative cross section of the womanhood of the Nation. Patriotism prompts the gathering, and the whole population of the United States may be benefited by the program arranged for it. Especially in recent years there has been a growing need for a quickened and more active love of country. Too many citizens have fallen into the habit of thinking expediently, forgetting their traditions and the welfare of their neighbors in their anxiety for them selves. A new psychological pattern has been established. The essential phi losophy of the founding fathers, ex pressed in the Declaration of Inde pendence and in the Constitution, has been threatened by alien doctrines, plausible but dangerous. It follows that the D. A. R. may render a distinctive service to American civilization by a militant reaffirmation of an idealism which recognizes no parties, no political organizations, no group interests, no class or sectional causes. If It does nothing else, the 1938 Con gress will remind the Nation of its history. Much good should accrue from mere mention of the glorious past. The notion that democracy was a failure from 1778 to 1933 richly deserves correc tion, and the D. A. R. is possessed of the knowledge, the experience and the power required for the task. Public attention, perhaps as never be fore, will be centered on this week's assembly in Constitution Hall. There must be many who will hope that it will bring forth a renaissance of practical patriotic sentiment, a new and irresist ible dynamic for the institutions and the processes of freedom. Forced Laughter. There may be some merit In the Idea of the Pollyanna-Ilke “little business men” in Seattle who think that “what this country needs” is more laughs. But tired—and Government-harassed —business men will be inclined to smile, cynically, at the suggestion that we add a National Laugh Week to our calen der, already crowded with such things as Eat More Cheese Week and Buy More Prunes Week. The Seattle mer chants have, nevertheless, gone so far as to form a so-called National Laugh Club and mapped a pretentious program calling for the organization of Laugh Lodges throughout the country. The club's crest, it is announced, will be a Grade A grin, from ear to ear. Its mascot will be Little Audrey—the girl who laughed and laughed—remember? Its proposed Laugh Week slogan will be “Laugh it off.” "There's too much tension and moan ing,” organizers of the club said in ex plaining its existence. Then, coming to the crux of the group's aims, they added: "We’ll not only laugh at the things gen erally considered funny; we’ll laugh at the things at which we usually grumble.” Among the items listed to be laughed about, perhaps a little hysterically, are Inequities of law and justice, taxes, un ethical business and scarclty-makes plenty theories. Washington, being the source of such subjects, should be a fer tile field for a Laugh Lodge organizer. The tum-the-other-cheek philosophy behind the plan, however, may have a boomerang effect. Natural laughter, like many other human activities, may be a psychologically sound escape from unpleasant circumstances. But forced laughter not only probably has a bad effect on the laughee, but unquestion ably produces a jittery reaction in those who are forced to listen. The whole Laugh Week Idea seems destined to be dismissed with a horse laugh. Play Ball! It is reassuring in a world filled with weighty affairs such as deficits, unem ployment and warfare to have the opening day of the baseball season roll around. This old American custom does much more than provide entertainment, rec reation and curbstone arguments. It helps keep up morale. Bo long as the umpires yell “Play ball” every April as the big league season starts, there is a feeling that the stars are still In thsir course* and all is right with the world somehow. Surely the times cannot be so terribly out of Joint if “Bucky” Harris and his boys are out at Orifflth Stadium helping the President start the 1938 pennant race in traditional fashion. Judging by the team’s showing in the Southland, Washington will not figure in the World Series this year. But that has not prevented the opening game from being a "sell out.” And despite the dire predictions of the sports writers, ^ apparently well-founded, that the Na tionals will finish no higher than fourth, and perhaps lower, hope springs eternal in the baseball fan’s breast. Is not “Bucky” Harris, the one who piloted Washington to the peak in 1924, at the helm again? Of course he may be handicapped by a none-too-strong pitch-* ing staff and some veterans who surely Will not be able to play in the' big leagues much longer, but why let such things cloud April pennant dreams? Besides, who cares about pennants? The important thing is that the Ferrells and Weaver and Simmons and Goslin and Bonura and the rest are “doing their stuff’’ today. What a welcome change from the doings of a lot of stuffy old Congressmen! The word “goofy” is hilariously em ployed by a Senator, Rush Holt. Sena tor Guffey may note the application of letters with a grim realization that en forced idleness is dangerous to a man who ought to be legitimately employed in seeking jobs for an active constituency. When Mr. Holt says “goofy” he is sure to be suspected of drifting into the influence of the pun. Illustrations are generously employed to depict the beauties of race horses. A horse is a splendid creature and is some times more successful in engaging ad miring attention than some of the fash ion models so liberally displayed with him in print. » _ _ More blossoms will soon be in evidence around the waters of this city's cele brated and beautiful parkway. The scene continues to be attractive and in teresting despite the fact that it has nothing to do with elections or primarys. Other cities have their automobile problems, but none of them compare with those of Washington, p. C., where every citizen of the United States feels himself entitled to be treated as a guest worthy of the highest consideration. A girl eluded a bandit at Four Corners, Md. She is eighteen years old. She ran a mile through the woods and demon strated that the athletic training made available to her in school has asserted its usefulness. Mr. James Farley will compliment the great aviation iftventor Orville Wright on Saturday night. His subject will be one in which a favorably impressed au dience will leave him little chance for any but the happiest references. Numerous country theaters are already In contemplation with every assurance of hearty co-operation. What becomes of all the shows built up in imagination is another question for the mystical querist. Hollywood has had various shocks from high water, but the press agents are happy and Industrious while the public regards their efforts with confi dent pleasure. Shooting Stars. By PHILANDER JOHNSON. The Eternal “Why!” They tell us naught Is made in vain; And maybe this is so. The heat, the cold, the wind, the rain, Each has its use, we know. But why are whiskers waving light? And why are mice and rats? And why are monocles, so bright? And why are funny hats? And why are books nobody reads? And why are earthquake shocks? And why are flaunting noxious weeds? And why are fancy socks? They say that naught is made in vain. We wonder with a sigh Why man is moved thus to complain And make inquiry, “WHY?” Splendor Subordinated. “Some splendid minds are never heard from,” exclaimed the student. “This fact,” said Senator Sorghum, “is due to the habit some of us have of putting enough gray matter into a checker game to conduct a serious en terprise.” Handicap. “Beauty of sound is always desirable," remarked the idealist. "True,” said Miss Cayenne. “Yet a man always handicaps himself a little when he parts his name in such a way as to make It sound like a piece of poetry.” “He who worries about the weather cannot be called unfortunate,” said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, “unless it exerts a direct Influence on his prospect for food.” Ancient Rule. There must be some to disagree As forth we try to go; On earth or on the billowy sea We’re asking, "Friend or foe?* And how so e'er the battle swings With courage so sublime, You still will hear the man who sings, "Twill be my turn, next time.” Personal Motive. "Your town must be fond of art to have so much statuary.” “No,” replied the suspicious person. "One of the aldermen is interested in a marble quarry.” "We’kin silence Satan wif a hymn,” said Uncle Eben, “unless he brings along enough ragtime perfessors to drown out de mwta." President Is on Right Track In His Economic Planning To the Editor ol Thf Star: Intense as is the position of The Star as to the President’s message, I know you will permit an emphatically dis senting view: 1. The fact that a year ago, at the height of the recovery program, there were about the same number of un employed as there were in 1932 indicates that we are in a shrinking economy— that is, the machine is replacing man power and monopoly is keeping the floor of prices too high. The first named substitution of machine for man power at a rapidly accelerating rate—we are not now in a position to attack, or at least an effective method of attack has not been devised; the second, impairment of purchasing power by an increasingly higher floor of prices can, of course, be curbed by stricter regulation of monop olies. “yardsticks'’ like the T. V. A., etc. 2. If, under this shrinking economy, purchasing power is to be revived at all, it must be done by Government spend ing. The quickest and most effective way, of course, would be by some pro gram like the old C. W. A., but for any steady revival of the long pull, P. W. A. and W. P. A. otter the best possibilities. However, for every extra man the Gov ernment puts to work by "priming the pump,” business will take out of em ployment through the amazing advance of machine substitution for man power. Theiefore, the President's plan is sub stantially a very moderate one, and its chances for success are moderate and largely dependent <a> on the control of monopolistic prices, and (b) the degree to which the added purchasing power can be directed to the groups which most need it. But let us never forget one thing; it is possible to have recovery, and a far greater recovery than in 1936, and still have 12.000.000 men out of work. I don't know whether the President recognizes this. If he does, then he should be de voting his attention to a heavier pro gram of taxation. For if business, through accelerating technological ad vances and monopolistic prices, cannot increase employment—and obviously it cannot—then Government must do so. To do this, we must become reconciled to embarking on a permanent program of public works, financed by increased taxation. And in this program of in creased taxation two things are neces sary ; <a> The Government, must not pay interest on its own credit. For example, the interest on the $20,000,000,000 debt contracted since the New Deal is $600. 000.000 yearly. A central government bank, advocated by Andrew Jackson, John Tyler and Daniel Webster, the principles of which have been embodied in a monetary control bill Introduced by Representative Binderup of Nebraska, and which has the support of more than 130 Congressmen, should be carefully studied. <b> Higher taxes in all brackets, espe cially from $5,000 up. must be brought into closer parallel with those of Great Britain. A careful study of the whole British taxation system would disclose interesting lessons for us. Finally, let us not deal in such balder dash as that given out by Representative Taber of New York. Says Oracle Taber; "You can't prime the pump when the ^vell has gone dry." Here we are, the richest country in the world—richest in resources, and it is intimated the well is dry! The President is on the right track. He is entitled to the thanks of the American people. My only complaint is that he was a little slow about it.. But when he does move—bov, does he go! HUGH RUSSELL FRASER. 1 » » - — Misinformation in Jay Franklin’s Column To thf Editor of The Star: The amazing amount of misinforma tion in the column “We. the People.” which appeared in Tlje Star, April 14. 1938. prompts me to offer a few of the more obvious corrections. Contrary to the evidence. Mr. Jay Franklin claims that “the non-interven tion agreement is designed * * * to give to France and England a monopoly in supplying the Loyalist government with the means of defense.” In point of fact, as Capt. Anthony Eden stated in the House of Commons on October 31, 1937, the official figures supplied by the Soviet government show "Spain is now Soviet Russia's third best customer.” Mr. Eden, at that time for eign secretary, added that more war material was reaching Barcelona and Valencia than was arriving in insurgent or nationalist Spain. Furthermore, it is evident from news dispatches by George Axelsson and Hanson W. Baldwin, appearing in the New York Times, April 13, 1938, that the enormous quantity of bombing planes and tanks recently shipped across the Franco-Spanish frontier, although marked “agricultural machinery," is in reality war material “of Russian manu facture or design.” It is surprising that Mr. Jay Franklin should be unfamiliar with these facts which can easily be verified by a number of other reliable news sources. Finally, it may be helpful to point out that Mr. Jay Franklin does the cause of religious liberty in the United States no service by parroting the odious phrase of Hitler and Goebbels, “political Cathol icism." A cursory knowledge of the literature of this subject will indicate that a num ber of well-informed, patriotic Protestant editors, diplomats and educators have publicly expressed their preference for the nationalist regime of Gen. Franco. Among these true liberals I am able to mention the following: * The Hon. Ogden Hammond, former United States Ambassador to Spain; the Hon. Irwin Laughlin, former United States Ambassador to Spain; the Hon. W. Cameron Forbes, former Governor General of the Philippines; Mr. Ellery Sedgwick, editor of the Atlantic Monthly; Mr. Gault MacGowan of the New York Sun; Mr. H. L. Mencken, editor of the Baltimore Evening Sun; Prof. Robert Davis of the history department of Mid dlebury College, Vt.; Prof. James Lowe of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, and Dr. A. Hamilton Rice, director of the Archeological In stitute of Harvard University. This enumeration, which could be greatly expanded, sufficiently proves the faulty assumptions upon which Mr. Jay Franklin’s column rests. JOSEPH F. THORNING, Chairman, Department of Social Sciences, Mount St. Mary's Col lege, Emmitsburg, Md. Maryland Politics and The Reorganization Bill To the Editor ot The Star: I was surprised at the statements of Mr. Eugene Casey at the Young Men’s Democratic Club of Montgomery County as appeared in Washington newspapers on Wednesday, April 13, stating that all citizens who sent telegrams against the reorganization bill were backed by Wall Street or Liberty Leaguers. I wish to state that my friends and I sent telegrams to the Senators and Representatives of Maryland, against the bill, and we are not tied to any or ganization. The reason we opposed the bill Is haeauaa if the Mil was paaaad all parsons THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES B. TRACEWBLL. It will help the bird watcher In the amall garden if he has a list of the approximately forty songsters most likely to be heard and seen in it. What are the birds actually observed in a local yard, as distinct from the scores and scores of species pictured in the big bird books? Looking through those large volumes, while a delightful occupation, is some thing like hunting for that proverbial needle in the haystack. It is needless, too, in most cases, for only about forty species come to most gardens hereabouts, and you will have to look sharp to identify that many in a year's time. We are speaking, of course, of the average observer, and not of the pro fessional ornithologist. * * * * In the main, here are the birds you may look for from now on, with their lengths given in inches: Hummingbird, 34; Maryland yellow throat. 44; goldfinch, 5; house wren, 5; Carolina wren, 5; black and white warbler, 54; chickadee. 54; brown creeper, 5'!; English sparrow, 54 ; indigo bunting, 54; nuthatch, 6; tufted tit mouse, 6; junco. 6; purple finch, 64; oven bird, 6 4 ; pewee. 64 ; song sparrow, 64; downy woodpecker, 64; fox spar row, 64; bluebird, 7; scarlet tanager, 7; barn swallow, 7; white-throated sparrow, 74; yellow-breasted chat, 74; wood thrush. 74; Baltimore oriole, 8; towhee, 8; starling. 8; cowbird, 8; catbird, 84; cardinal, 84; hairy woodpecker, 94; red-bellied woodpecker, 94; robin, 10; mockingbird. 10; brown thrasher, 11; flicker, 11; bluejay, 114; pigeon hawk, 11 to 13; dove. 124; purple grackle, 124; pigeon, 16; crow, 194. * * * * If you see a bird and don’t know what it is, the chances are that it is one of the above. A word needs to be said about the so-called standard lengths. The orni thologist regards these as being taken from the tip of the bill to the end of the feet, stretched out behind. A bird ordinarily is not seen In such an attitude, but the measurements are helpful in a comparative way. The English sparrow and the robin are known to every one, and so may be taken as standards. Others birds are either smaller than an English spar row, or larger; and. if larger, then how much larger are they, and how do they compare in size with a robin? Once the would-be bird identifier has solved these small problems to his own satisfaction, all he has to do is decide as best he can how long the strange bird is, and then look over his list. This will be a big step toward Iden tification. * * * * It must be made clear that this list is by no means iron-clad, either as to Inclusion or exclusion. Some of the species given here may never come to your garden, wherever it is. Some that are not given may arrive, almost any morning. The list Is offered as a probability, to save time in looking up a strange bird. Used in this way, It will prove a real help. * * * * One has something else to do, of course, besides watch birds. It may be that many more species than enumerated came to one nearby Maryland garden in eight years, but if they did we did not see them. The oven bird, for instance, was never seen but once, in September two years ago. The cowbird, similarly, was a one time visitor. We were very fortunate to see the beautiful indigo bunting. What was that piece of blue paper doing on the driveway? It was no blue paper, however, but the bunting, whose color resembles that of the paper which commonly comes wrapped around ab sorbent cotton. * * * * Some of these birds live here the year ’round; others come from the South at times well knowif to bird lovers— the male wren April 15, and the female a few days later; the wood thrush usually on April 28; the bluebird on March 15. or thereabouts; the robin early in March, or even February. The scarlet tanager usually gives one only a glimpse, almost always in the trees, where its feathers strike one as much "redder" than those of the more friendly cardinal, which stays with us the twelve months through. The Baltimore oriole may select A bough hanging out over the garden, and if she does, you will see one of the most beautiful bird nests in the world. The little Maryland yellow-throat and the yellow-breasted chat will not be seen more than a few times during the sea son, and usually in shrubbery. Keep the English sparrow well in mind. No matter what any one thinks of him, he is the key-bird of the garden; all birds are to be measured against him. and, once the size is determined, the list to be searched is not even forty songsters. We hope no one will dispute the inclusion of the crow; scientifically, according to his syrinx muscles, he is a songbird; actually, his call from the sky is mellow. WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. BPhind the scenes of purely domestic strife over pump-priming and taxation, a diplomatic battle royal is raging at Washington over the question of lifting the embargo on arms for Spain. It's been in progress for several weeks. Unable, as it appears, to make any dent on the State Department and the White House through the regular channel of Ambassador de los Rios, the distracted Loyalist government seems to have de cided to employ highly placed American politico-legal talent to bring pressure on the administration. To that end, according to circumstantial reports just published for private circulation, Spain drafted the services of two prominent Washington lawyers. At first it engaged a formerly potent figure in the New Deal and later a retired Democratic Ambassador. So far. even the earnest efforts of.these influential advocates have not availed to budge President Roosevelt and Secretary’ Hull from the position consistently maintained throughout the Spanish conflict—a cast-iron embargo on war supplies to either belligerent. The Loyalists yearn to have the American prohibition lifted, not only because it would permit shipments from the United States, but because, it's believed. Great Britain and France might be induced by our example to remove their bans on munitions for Madrid and Barcelona. * * * * Eleven college professors, students, teachers and journalists have just joined in a public appeal to the Washington Government immediately to grant the Spanish request. ‘‘Such action," the petitioners assert, “is essential not only to save the democracies of Europe, but to protect our own democracy and to safeguard us from imminent Fascist assault on democracy in Mexico and South America." Commodore L. E. O. Charlton, formerly British Air Attache at Washington, an eye-witness observer of the Spanish war, has just sent this word to American Loyalist sympathizers: “Because of the overwhelming superiority of up-to-date war material placed at Franco's disposal by the totalitarian states, he has been able to break down Republican resistance on the Catalonian front in an endeavor to separate that province from the rest of Loyalist Spain. But the struggle is by no means over. The time is now ripe for a counter at tack by the people's army, since insur gent commounications are unduly ex tended and their forces disorganized after so much open fighting. There is still a possibility that the tide will turn again in favor of the republic if the leadership is wise. There is no im minent danger of a debacle, and during the ensuing months a great deal may happen to change the outside com plexion of affairs.” * * * * Mrs. Roosevelt, without wish or sanc tion on her part, finds her name occasionally announced in a manner indicating to the uninformed that the President's wife is a “Lucy Stoner.” Advance notices, and even programs of meetings at which the First Lady is to speak, frequently describe her as “Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt.” She prefers being called “Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt,” not having been emancipated into the habit of scorning to use the name of the man she married. The Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins, who is Mrs. Paul Caldwell Wilson, is a “Lucy Stoner.” * * * * Overseas Writers, Washington’s select bowing down on their knees to the New Dealers would receive jobs and those opposed would lose their jobs without regard to efficiency or saving to tax payers. We suggest a “New Deal” ticket in the fall elections in Montgomery County. We believe the ticket would get quite a socialistic and communistic vote.* If we have to vote for President Roose velt’s philosophy as Mr. Casey states, on the Democratic ticket in Montgomery County, and not for men to run the county in an efficient manner, then we shall have to vote the Republican ticket. It is our strong belief that Mayor Jackson will be our next Governor and Senator Tydings will be re-elected Sena tor, as he is one of the best on the Hill, and we shall use our best efforts to see that this ticket is elected. CLARENCE H. SMALL. club of newspaper men of international experience, is host at luncheon today to two of its own members, Franklyn Wait-man <35 > and Charles Michelson *69>. who will presently be hurling high explosive at each other as publicity direc tors. respectively, of the Republican and Democratic National Committees. Both men degenerated from reporters into po litical press agents. Waltman has Just left the Washington Post and Michelson. long-time Washington correspondent of the old New York World, resigned that post, a couple of years before its collapse, to collaborate with John J. Raskob and Jouett Shouse in "smearing'’ the Hoover administration and eventually bringing it down in ruins. Waltman's job. pre sumably. is to do likewise to the Roose velt. regime. In the G. O. P. service, he becomes a colleague of another well known Washington ex-newspaper man, William Hard. Until recently, executive assistant to Chairman John Hamilton, "Bill" is now attached to Dr. Glenn Frank, chairman of the Republican Policy Committee, at Chicago. * * * * Apropos the recent retirement of Ambassador Hoffman Philip from the foreign service, a grand story is told of some red-blooded action by him during the World War. while he was counselor of the American Embassy at Constan tinople. He was also in charge of allied interests at the Sublime Porte. About the time the British army and navy were making their ill-starred attack on the Dardanelles and facing stubborn Turkish reistance organized by the fa mous German general, Liman von San ders. Constantinople figured that the British operations at Gallipoli might be checked or even abandoned if several thousand Tommies in Turkish captivity were interned at the Straits, where they would come under fire of their own guns. When Hoffman Philip heard of this fiendish plot, he quietly informed the Turks that if any British prisoners were sent to the Dardanelles, he'd go with them. The plan was dropped. Mr. Philip, native Washingtonian, was Ambassador to Chile and previously Minister to Persia and Norway. * * * * From one of the leading matadors of the House of Representatives, who played a prominent role in smashing the re organization bill, comes this revealing observation: “All I did was to try to be useful, as Congress moves into normal constitutional responsibility in preserv ing proper co-operative relations with the President. That is some job." * * * * Next Wednesday afternoon, April 20, has been set aside for Senate memorial services for the late Joe T. Robinson of Arkansas, majority leader, who passed away last July. Speeches will be made by Senators Caraway and Miller of Arknasas, Barkley of Kentucky, McNary of Oregon. Borah of Idaho, Bailey of North Carolina, Byrd of Virginia, Byrnes of South Carolina, Connally of Texas, Guffey of Pennsylvania, Harrison of Mississippi, Hatch of New Mexico, La Follette of Wisconsin, McKellar of Ten nessee, Pittman of Nevada and Vanden berg of Michigan. Legislative business will be suspended while the memorials on the “life, character and public serv ice" of the much-beloved “Joe” are being delivered. * * * * Herbert Putnam, librarian of Congress, has informed Mrs. Virginia White Speel, veteran Republican national committee woman for the District of Columbia, that the Library will welcome for tempo rary exhibit the original of the letter, in her possession, addressed by President Ulysses S. Grant to Gen. White, Mrs. Speel’s father, with reference to a third term in the White House for the Union generalissimo. Extracts from the letter, never before made public, were repro duced in this column last winter. The Library of Congress, in malting an ex ception for the document, evidently feels it deals with a matter of widespread current public interest—the wisdom of a third presidential term. (Copyright, 19.38.) Congressional Pep. Prom the Indianapolis Newt. There is not a dull moment in Con gress nowadays, which must leave the dull members somewhat dated. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact fry writing The Evening Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Please enclose stamp for reply. Q. What is the most traveled highway in the United States?—E. G. A. The American Automobile Associa tion says that United States Highway No. 1 in the vicinity of New York City has the heaviest traffic. Q. Who said that the Government cannot be ruined by one administra tion?—T. R. A. Abraham Lincoln said: “While the people retain their virtue and vigilance, no administration, by any extreme of wickedness or folly, can very seriously injure the Government in the short space of four years.’’ Q. How long does It take the sun’i heat to reach the earth?—O. R. A. It is estimated that it requires only about 499 seconds for the light from the sun to reach the earth. Q. Who won the award in the Metro politan Opera auditions over N. B. C.?— L. M. A. John Carter and Leonard Warren, both of New York, were chosen in the final audition and rereived contracts with the Metropolitan Cpera Co., silver plaques, and checks for $1,000. Q. Is there a large amount of salt in the world or could the supply be ex hausted?—W. M. A. The quantity of available salt seems inexhaustible. It occurs in practically every country. About 20 million tons is produced and consumed annually in the world. Of this amount, about seven mil lion tons is produced in the United States. Q. How was P. T. Barnum's famous elephant, Jumbo, killed?—F, W C. A. Jumbo, the famous African ele* phant, was killed on September 15. 1885, on the Grand Trunk Airline track, half a mile east of St. Thomas. Ontario. His keeper was leading him along the track when a freight train came up behind unnoticed and ran him down. Jumbo was injured so badly that he died in 30 minutes. His value was estimated at $300,000. Q. For whom is the new United States destroyer Warrington named?—F. W. T. A. The vessel is the second destroyer to be named Warrineton in honor of Commodore Lewis Warrineton. U. S. N„ who received the thanks of Coneress and was awarded a special medal for his distinguished service in command of the U. s. Corvette Peacock during the War of 1812. Q Please give the names of soma class B medical schools.—W. J. A. According to the American Medical Association, there are no class B medical schools. Q. What is the name of the flyer who brought back the bodies of Will Rogers and Wiley Post?—L. E. K. A. Joe Crosson. ace pilot of the Far North, brought the bodies of Will Rogers and Wiley Past, back to the United States from Alaska. Q Who is coach of the Washington Redskins?—A. A. A. Ray Flahertv is the coach of this professional football team. Q. Are there any streets In Paris named for famous Americans?—L. M. A. Among those so named are the Rue Washington. Rue Franklin. Rue Lincoln. Avenue du President Wilson and Avenue Myron T. Herrick. Q. Why is De Witt Clinton's likeness on tobacco tax labels?—M. D. A. De Witt Clinton advocated the construction of the Erie Canal. The canal became a political issue and Clin ton was elected to the governorship of New York on the strength of it. In the first year of his third term. 1825-1828. he opened the canal for navigation. As a mark of honor his name was used on the revenue stamp on cigarette packages. The New York delegation in Congress requested that Mr. Clinton be honored in that manner. Q. What is the origin of the word rodeo?—E. J. R. A. It is derived from the Spanish word "rodear,” which means to encompass. Q. Did scalping originate with the American Indians?—R. S. L. A. The practice of scalping is not primarily an Indian one as it has been noted among the ancient Scythians as far back as the time of Herodotus, nor was it known to all the American tribes of Indians. The spread of the practice of scalping in the central and western parts of the United States was a result, of the encouragement in the shape of scalp bounties offered by Colonial gov ernments. Q. What has become of "Prince Mi chael Romanoff?"—C. J. A. Harry Gerguson is now in Holly wood. where he had a small part in a recent motion picture. He is also'writing a book of memoirs. Q. What State leads in the per capita consumption of wine?—E. W, G. A. In 1937, California led with a per capita consumption of 3'3 gallons. Louisiana was second with 1.5777 gallons per person. Q. How many vibrations a second are made by the wings of a fly and a bee?— J. C. K. A. The fly’s wing vibrates 330 times per second while the vibration of a bee's wing is 190 times per second. Q. In what State is there a large statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen?—E. J. A. An enormous steel and granite statue of the father of the Chinese Re public has been erected in Chinatown, San Francisco. Q. Is Albuquerque, N. Mex., a travel center?—R. B. L. A. There are twenty-seven transconti nental and State trains w-hich stop at Albuquerque daily. Eight airplanes a day come in at the Mesa Airport and trans continental motor traffic is routed through the city, which has always been a mecca for tourists. Q. Who founded the International Red Cross?—R. s. A. The idea which is associated with the Red Cross had its origin in a pub lication of Henri Dunant's at Geneva in 1862. He had witnessed the bloodshed in the Italian war and gave an account of the wounded left dying on the field for lack of medical care. An international convention was called In Geneva in 186i and there the fundamental principles of the Red Cross were laid down. After overcoming enormous difficulties the Swiss Federated Council was induced to call a diplomatic council. On August 8, 1864, the Geneva convention, so called, laid down certain principles ta which almost all countries now adhere.