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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 21, 1938, Image 2

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HIT AT HEADING
Jefferson Design Is Called
•More Suitable for
Wedding Cake.’
The proposed design for a domed
monument to Thomas Jefferson was
described as more suitable for a wed
ding cake than for a national memo
rial structure, at a House Library
Committee hearing today.
This criticism came from Earns C.
McVeagh. housing specialist and one
of several supporters of Chairman
Keller’s bill to require selection of the
Jefferson Memorial design through
architectural competition, to appear j
before the committee.
At the same time. Chairman Boylan
of the Thomas Jefferson Memorial
Commission issued a statement de
fending selection of the domed monu
ment design and declaring public
building activity always had been
subject to criticism.
’ There even was a stubborn contest
over the location of a Capital City and
Washington won only by a compromise
worked out by Mr. Jefferson and Alex
ander Hamilton,” Mr. Boylan said.
His Fault, Keller Says.
Mr. Keller said the present con
troversy over a site and design for
the Jefferson Memorial was largely his
fault for not studying closely enough
the original resolution, which gave
broad powers to the Memorial Com
mission.
His purpose in the pending bill, Mr. ;
Keller said, is to correct the previous
legislation so as to let Congress itself
decide bn the site and design after
a competition in which leading archi
tects would be invited to submit de
signs for approval.
Mr. McVeagh's reference to the
domed monument design approved by
Mr. Boylan's commission as ' a squatty
dome which would be a splendid de
sign for a wpdding cake, jewel box or
radio cabinet” highlighted criticism
commission's recommendations.
H. P. Caemmerer, secretary of the !
Commission of Fine Arts, told the
Library Committee neither his group
nor the National Capital Park and
Planning Commission had approved
the recommended design, but had ap
proved a site south of the Washington
Monument as fitting for another de
sign than the "pantheon scheme” se- j
lected by the Boylan commission.
Backs Caemmerer’s Idea.
Chairman Keller supported Mr.
Caernmerer's contention that the de
sign must be fitted to the lay of the
land Mr. Caemmerer said the com
petition proposed in the Keller bill
surely would make a suitable design
available by the time Congress con
venes for its next .session.
Julian E Berla. representing the
League for Progress in Architecture,
argued that the proposed competition
should not be restricted to a selected
group of architects. Mr Keller ex
plained his purpose was to allow
any one to submit designs, but to in
vite a limited number of leading archi
tects especially to enter the competi
tion.
Mr, Bovlan emphasized in his state
ment. issued in lieu of a speech he
had planned to make in the House,
that the selection of “a site and a de
sign for a memorial or any other sort
of public structure is difficult and
historically is subject to criticism.”
History Is Cited.
“History shows,” he said, “that we
have worked long and hard over the
proposed Jefferson Memorial. We de
cided on a location and a form: we
could erect a domed monument, a
form greatly admired by Mr. Jefferson
himself, father of public architecture
In the United States, on a site south
of the Washington Monument."
He added that he realized criticism
was to be expected, but said "we feel
that we will be supported as other
similar agents have been in the past."
"In looking back over the history
of this Nation," he continued, “I find
that many controversies over build
ings and memorials have been solved
satisfactorily.
There was the stubborn contest over
the location of the Capital City. Pres
ident Polk worried over the selection
of a site for the Smithsonian Insti
tution over 100 years ago. and the
Washington Monument, now so pop
ular. was considered a joke bv some
critics.
"The splendid Lincoln Memorial,
site and design, caused an acrimonious
debate and filibuster in Congress. Now,
nobody would remove it or undertake i
to improve it. The charge of graft was
made during the consideration of the j
report, of the commission for its es
tablishment."
---
CONGRESS IN BRIEF
TODAY.
Relief—House Appropriations Com
mittee hears Harry Hopkins and
Aubrey Williams outline \V. P. A.
needs.
Appropriations—House debates funds
for non-military activities of War De
partment.
Naval—Senate opponents continue
attack on expansion program.
Aviation—House committee con
siders bill for new agency to reguiate
air industry.
TOMORROW.
Senate:
Will not be in session.
House:
Not expected to be in session.
Appropriations Committee continues
hearing on relief program, 10 a.m.
Unknown Donor
Presents Lion
Cub to Fuehrer
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN. April 21.—Some one for
got to put a tag on the lion cub
Fuehrer Hitler got for his 49th birth
anniversary, so he doesn't know whom
to thank. The donor also forgot to
send a book on feeding and care.
The obvious deduction was that the
present came from Field Marshal
Goering, Nazi No. 2 man and a known
lion fancier. But his adjutants and
press attaches said no.
At the Reich chancellery there were
hurried conferences when the donor’s
name was requested, and much tele
phoning from department to depart
ment in Hitler's vast office building.
But nobody seemed to know who sent
the lion.
"They might at least have put ‘di
rections for use’ into the crate in
which the lion was shipped,” one
chancellery official muttered, resign
edly. "How are we to know whether
he is to have a frankfurter or a bot
tle of milk?”
Der Fuehrer also got enough hand
knitted socks to fit out an army divi
sion.
Three Children Rescued From Basement
Mother Sought After Trio, Hungry and Dirty, Is Taken Into
Public Care.
This 7-month-old baby girt, found hungry
in a basement room last night by police, who
could not locate its mother immediately, found
good treatment for malnutrition today in the
bottle of milk held for her by Nurse Dorothy
Ireland aUGallinger Hospital.
Her 6-year-old sister, Betty Jane Tinsman,
and 4-year-old brother Donald were being
cared for at the Receiving Home. They smiled
for the photographer this morning after being
given warm food and clean clothes.
—Stur Staff Photos.
THE Board of Public Welfare to
day sought official custody of
three children who were dis
covered, hungry and dirty, by
police last night in a basement hovel
where investigators said they had
been so neglected that the 7-month
old baby girl weighed only 9 pounds
and 13 ounces.
The baby was gurgling happily at a
well-filled bottle of milk in Gallinger
Hospital today, while her 6-vear-old
sister and 4-year-old brother were
given warm food and clean clothing at
the Receiving Home.
Officers sought the mother. Mrs.
Evelyn Tinsman. 25. for service of a
petition filed in Juvenile Court bv the
Board of Public Welfare Children’s
Division several weeks ago, seeking
commitment of the children to public
care because of alleged continued
neglect.
Hearing on the petition had been
^ postponed because Mrs. Tinsman had
1 moved with her children from the
1 place where they had lived and could
not be located.
Policemen Harold H Hodge and
Patrick O'Sullivan found the children
last night, under what Officer Hodge
described as "really pathetic" condi
tions. in a dark basement room at 1230
Ninth street N.W.
The officers acted on complaint of
the landlord. M. Sachs, 'and other
i tenants of the house, who said they
STRIKES CLOSE 8
DETROIT PUNTS
Bohn Aluminum Workers
Walk Out—Fisher Body
Employes Return.
By the Associated Press.
DETROIT, April 21.—Strikes closed
the Bohn Aluminum & Brass Corp’s
eight plants here today, bringing to 11
the number of industrial units in De
troit in which labor troubles have
stopped promotion.
In Flint, 3,700 employes of General
Motors’ Fisher Body Plant No. 1 re
turned to work without incident after
a three-day shutdown resulting from
a United Automobile Workers’ picket
ing campaign to collect union dues.
Fifteen hundred men employed on
the Buick Motor Co. final assembly line !
wege expected to resume work either11
today or tomorrow when bodies from
the Fisher plant become available.
The U. A. W. agreed Tuesday to
withdraw its dues-collecting picket
line at the Fisher plant when William
S. Knudsen, president of General
Motors, announced operations would
not be resumed until the practice was
discontinued. There were no pickets
and only a small detail of policemen
at the Fisher plant this morning.
Union officials at Flint announced
a demonstration would be held at
gates of the Fisher plant this after
noon, but did not indicate what form
it would take.
At the Plymouth plant of the Chrys
ler Corp. in Detroit U. A. W. leaders
announced end of a two-dav dispute
involving the protest of about 200
unionists against discharge of a union
steward. They said the men would
return to work late today. Two Ply
mouth departments were affected.
Idle Plants Listed.
The plants idle in Detroit, in addi
tion to the Bohn Aluminum units,
were those of the American Brass
Corp., closed since Tuesday because of
a U. A. W. demonstration against a
10 per cent wage cut; the Michigan
Steel Castings Co. and the Detroit
Moulding Co.
In the Michigan Steel Casting Co.
plant, where pickets clashed with po
lice yesterday, a skeleton crew re
mained overnight and no additional
employes attempted to enter this
morning. A 10 per cent wage cut
precipitated that dispute.
The American Brass Co. dispute,
which began Tuesday when employes
pulled the power switches to protest
a wage reduction, involves the C. I. O.
affiliated Mine, Mill and Smelter
Workers’ Union. Employes of the
same company at Waterbury, Conn.,
voted last night to support the 750
Detroit employes.
The other industrial strikes In De
troit involve the U. A. W.
The Waiters and Waitresses’ Union,
an American Federation of Labor
affiliate, threatened to call strikes in
20 independent hotels unless the
managements signed contracts similar
m
had heard the baby crying much of:
the time since Mrs. Tinsman moved
there nearly a month ago.
Officer Hodges said the baby was
alone in the room, lying in a dirty j
carriage with an empty milk bottle be- j
side her. A rag doll lay under a table 1
nearby. Dirty dishes were scattered
over the table. Soiled clothes were
packed into an ice box. There were j
half a dozen sacks of dried milk and 1
a few potatoes on the shelves of the '
pantry.
One Bed for Family.
In one corner was a bare mattress
on a low bed, the only bed in the room
for the family.
Betty Jane Tinsman. 6. and Donald.
4, were playing, barefoot, in the street
outside when the officers arrived. Their
mother was nowhere to be seen and
the officers waited there until early
today in an unsuccessful effort to
find her.
The policemen called an Emergency
Hospital ambulance for advice con
cerning the baby. Dr Faxon Hender
son recommended the infant be hos
pitalized for malnutrition.
Officer Hodges borrowed a blanket
from one of the neighbors with which
to wrap the baby, and took her in his
private automobile to Gallinger Hos
pital.
Children Ask for Food.
Then he took Betty Jane and Don
ald to the Receiving Home. They
to one negotiated last night between :
the union and the Detroit Hotel As
sociation.
Three Closed Since Tuesday.
Three of the Bohn Aluminum plants
in Hamtramck have been closed by
strikes since Tuesday. Members of U..
A. W. Local No. 208 voted last night to
extend the strike to the company's
other five plants here. Approximately
1.000 have been working in the eight
plants, which normally employ 3.200
The U. A. W. local issued this state
ment:
“This strike is being railed because
the company has been carrying on a
policy of petty sniping instead of us
ing the instrument of collective bar
gaining to settle grievances."
Simon Den Uyl, secretary of the
corporation, said the strikes “again
prove that the union either cannot
or will not live up to its agreements."
Mr. Den Uyl said the corporation's
agreement with the union provided
that no strike would be called until
negotiations were carried on for 10
days.
The union cited seniority grievances
and other matters in connection with
the Bohn situation, but Mr. Den Uyl
said he believed "the real reason for
the strike is the dues-collectlng cam
paign now being carried on by the
union."
— ... •-*
TREES GIVEN CHURCH
Flowers Also Presented to Be
Planted on Grounds.
SILVER SPRING, Md„ April 21
(Special).—Presentation of a number
of trees and flowers to be planted on
the church grounds marked the an
nual meeting of the congregation of
the Church of Ascension.
Mrs. S. M. Deffinbaugh gave the
church *5 Lombardy poplars and a
juniper tree, the Rev. James S. Cox,
rector of the church, and Mrs. Cox
presented 30 dogwood trees and sev
eral Judas trees, and a large bed of
iris was given by Miss Ethel Wil
kinson.
Lost: Cat Once
Owned by King
Of the Siamese
Lost: A royal sacred Siamese cat
which, according to his owner, the
Siamese people believe has a person’s
soul in it.
The beaver colored, black-faced cat
belongs to 14-year-old Elizabeth
Wright, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Clarence D. Wright, 4620 Thirtieth
street N.W., who has sent out an
earnest plea for its recovery.
The cat, named Praja, after ex
King Prajadhipok who once owned
him, doesn't understand English and
is called by clapping the hands.
Praja’s mate, Rhambi, mother of a
5-week-old youngster, likewise is ter
ribly upset over her husband's disap
pearance last April 8. Elizabeth says
Rhambi just sits by the window all
day and won’t eat.
Mrs. Wright said Praja came from
the king's palace in Bankok, where
the cats are held to be sacred. The
souls of the dead are believed to enter
them. Praja and his mate were
brought over here six years ago when
they were a year old.
A $10 reward is offered and no ques
tions asked, Mrs. Wright said. The
cat is large, weighing about 13 pounds,
and Is partly lame la the left hind lag.
begged him for something to eat on
the way, he said. They said their
mother had provided them with some
food from time to time.
There was no stove for cooking in
the room An old gas jet was sus
pended from the ceiling, and the chil
dren said their mother had hung
pans on a belt from the gas Jet to heat
what warm food they had had.
Mr Sachs had the room padlocked
today and was trying to arrange to
have it cleaned.
Hearing to He Pressed For.
Board of Public Welfare officials
said they would press for a hearing
on the commital petition pending in
Juvenile Court as soon as Mrs. Tins
man could be located. In the mean
time, Betty Jane and Donald will be
held at the Receiving Home and the
baby will be kept at Gallinger.
If the petition should be granted,
officials said, the children probably
will be placed in a boarding home tem
porarily. under supervision. Further
court procedure would be necessary
for any action toward having the chil
dren adopted.
Officials said Mrs. Tinsman's hus
band was Lawrence Tinsman, 26. De
partment of Justice records showed
that he was sentenced to the Virginia
State Penitentiary at Richmond in
1934 for 10 years on an assault charge.
TRUCE OFFERED
Plan Retaining Profit Levy
Seen Bill’s Hope—Is Held
Acceptable to Some.
By the Associated Press.
Legislators who are trying to end
Senate-House dissension over busi
ness taxes revived today a proposal
to trade approval of the House levy on
undistributed profits for acceptance
of the Senate's capital gains tax
system.
One influential member of the Tax
Bill Conference Committee said:
"That is the plan which appears
now to offer the greatest promise of
providing a basis for a compromise.
It may be possible for us to reach
some decision on the vital provisions
of the bill this week."
The arrangement, it was learned,
would be satisfactory to at least some
of the House conferees. Some Senate
members have been described as hav
ing favored that procedure from the
outset, but they balked at proposing
it after President Roosevelt indorsed
both the corporate profits and capital
gains tax features of the House bill.
One difficulty faced by the con
ferees was that neither Senators nor
House members appeared willing to
make the first overtures along lines
of the trade.
Agreement Seen.
As a result, some members of the
Senate Finance Committee renewed
their predictions that the House and
Senate would have to vote directly
on the controversial provisions.
Nevertheless. Chairman Doughton,
Democrat, of North Carolina, of the
House Ways and Means Committee
spoke more optimistically than he has
for days over prospects of obtaining
an agreement.
"I think we are going to get a bill,”
he said, "and I don't believe action on
it will delay adjournment of Con
gress.”
He would not disclose, however, in
what direction he thought the con
ferees might move toward breaking
their deadlock.
Senate committeemen, who would
not be quoted by name, contended
their position in the tax conference
had been strengthened materially by
a report of the Senate Unemployment
Committee. The report, made public
yesterday, said Senate-approved tax
provisions would be "exceedingly
helpful” in relieving unemployment.
HORN BLOWER FINED
BUFFALO, N. Y„ April 21 (fl5!.—The
toot of an automobile horn in Buffalo
was appraised at $5 by City Judge
Patrick J. Keeler.
Henry Pawlik, charged with blow
ing his auto horn in the small hours
of the morning, was asked by Judge
Keeler:
"How many times did you blow?"
“Oh, about three times,” Pawlik
replied.
“Well, that will cost you $5 a tootle.
And three toots makes it a total
of $15,” said the judge yesterday.
“The citizen! need a rest from horn
footers.”
WHITFIELD WIFE
REVEALS DISPUTE
Society Pilot Threatened
to Disappear, She Tells
Police Inspector.
Bv the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, April 21.—Inspector
Harold R. King of the Nassau County
police threw new light on the strange
disappearance of Andrew Carnegie
Whitfield last night with announce
ment the society aviator had quarreled
with hia wife shortly before he left
home.
Mr. King, after a conference with
the wife, said she told him Mr. Whit
field threatened to "disappear.” The
officer said this statement was at
tributed to Mr. Whitfield by the wife:
"I am going away and I won’t tell
you where or why. I can’t tell you
when I will be back. I am just going
to disappear.”
Earlier, members of the family had
said they knew of no reason why Mr.
Whitfield, nephew of Andrew Carnegie,
should leave home.
Mr. King said he learned the couple
had quarreled Thursday night. Mr.
Whitfield 'was last seen Friday when
he left Roosevelt Field in his light
sport monoplane.
A bellboy at Garden City (Long
Island) Hotel reported to police he had
listened to a call Mr. Whitfield made
to his wife at 12:30 a m. Friday, the
day the amateur aviator disapi>eared.
"He said hello four or five times and
then said ’I am going to go through
with my plans' and then he hung up,”
Inspector King quoted the bellboy.
J. H. Whitfield, brother of the miss
ing man, clung to the theory that Mr.
Whitfield's "flivver” plane had crashed
in an accident.
Connecticut State police and volun
teers searched v ooded areas near New
ton. Conn, last night upon reports
that a plane similar to Mr. Whitfield's
had been seen in the vicinity.
Racing Results
Jamaica—
B> the A.v;ociated Press,
FIRST RACE Purse $1 non; claiming.
3-ycar-olds d furlongs.
May R 'Howell- 6-1 2-1 1-1
Shadytown 'Wright) P-6 4-5
Cuckoo 'Walli 4-1
Time. 1 I32%.
Also ran —Sing Low. Sure Cloud. Span
ish Fly Papa Jack Sweet Adeline Bat Me
Call. Noble Scot Memoirs and Spice Box
Havre de Grace Entries
FOR TOMORROW.
By the Associated Press.
FIRST RACE—Purse $1 000; claiming
•’-year-olds. 41 a furlongs.
Walli * Plkor » ]0R
xZelirone 'McDermott* __ 103
Timetta -Wagner' _ _ . _ 1 os
Peg's Courage 'Seabo* 1 or
Haunted House -Workman) . _ 111
Cold Charity 'Morgan) 10s
Set Pat ' Le Blanc > lid
Polly Fair (Young) 115
SECOND RACE -Purse. * 1 ooo; claim
ing 1-year-oids and up d furlong*.
Sun Sweep -Shanks) 115
Nathan Hale * Pikor* 13»*
xVoldear 'Villalobo* 115
xldle Elf ' Howell t _ 11 d
Bi iff -Porte* . _ __ 113
Aftermath 'Waaner* _ _ ] 1K
xLadv Patrol -McDermott) 113
xGolden Key (Dupds- _ 115
Chicanna < Le Blanc* 113
xBailv Bay iDupps* . _ _ 1 lh
xWorklng Girl -Adieman) _ _ 10P
xJadaan 'Berger* _ IIP
Also eligible
\Irenes Bob -Driscoll) ... __ 121
xRunamuck (Huff' _110
Lady Dunlin -O Malley) 115
Icy Wind 'E. Smith* 115
THIRD RACE- Pune «inon; maidens
3-year-olds and up d furlongs.
Oalanterie 'O'Malley* _ 1 OP
1 Old Main Road -Workman* 113
American Sand 'Cubitt* _ IIP
I Dinner .Tarker -Workman) 113
James A -Dabson- 12d
Company Halt -Workman* 113
i Silo Corn 'McCombs' lop
Stout Rose -Paradne* _ inP
Poverty Bav -Young* __ loP
bJoilv Tar Richard*» 113
aC’arnaee 'Waener* 10P
Kvrie 'Booker' . 121
Also eligible
Si re Sw’ft -Turner' _ _ _ 113
Dark Pilo' »E Smith' 113
bSkagerrak -McDermott* 113
aMornmg Flight -Wagner) 113
| a — Brandywine Stable entry
b—Mrs W. M Jeffords entrv.
FOURTH RACE Purse $1 him* claim
ing 3-year-olds and ud 'Maryland bred
d furlongs.
xWmdsor s Hope -Scott* lid
j Snobbv Scamp «Le Blanc* l2d
i Accrue -E Smith- _ 113
i xRed Nose -Mills* _ _ _ 113
j Prowl (Workman* 1 13
j xFyan -Berger- ___ 1 14
! Corn wall is (Berg* . _ 1 1 p
Red Trap -Shanks* 113
Riding High 'Peters) _ _____ 115
xHard Chase -Duptjs* _ . 113.
xStory Time 'Driscoll* ___ _ 114
Mantados -Leyland* __ 12d
Also eligible
Mr Duncannon (Workman) _ IIP
Jungo «O Mallev» 113
xHappv Hostess (Cook* los
Sumac (Booker* IIP
FIFTH RACE -The Pauebook purse.
*l.ooo 3-year-olds. 1 mile and *0 yards
Hypocrite 'Peters* lid
Teddy Weed 'McCombs* 122
Bar FIv 'Waener* lid
Battle Jack - Workman* 122
Spring Meadow 'Peters* lid
, SIXTH RACE Purse $13)00; claiming.
. 4-year-olds and tip 1 ,V. miles.
x Acautaw 1 Berger 1 _ 113
; All Afire 'De Camillis* _ _ J 14
Shot and Shell <F. Smith* 115
Airiap «Le Blanc* 114
j x Popo 'Driscoll* _____ llo
Pencader 'Eccard* 115
i x Wittekind 'Cook* ___ llo
I x Saxopal (Villalobo) _ __ __ 115
I Justa Gal (Paradise* _ 117
j x Frying Feet 'Scott* 11"
t Sand Cloud (Vedder) __ _ 12'*
: Paplay 1 How ell* _ _ 1 15
I Also eligible:
x Itsie Bits.ie iHuff) _ _ 110
x Old Field iHowell) no
SEVENTH RACE—Purse. $1,000 claim
ing 4-year-olds and up; J miles,
x Grace Grier (Dupps* 1 oO
Infilee 'De Camillis* ns
Early Broom »E. Smith) _ 100
Distracting (Dabson* _ _ no
x Prettylass <Scott* _ 1_ I 105
x Mariato 'Berger* _H‘_ jis
Oddesa Bov 'Napier) _ _ no
Shebank 'Kilgore* _ I_ _ 1011
Dian 'Workman* _ _ _I _ 115
Last Scamp (Le Blanc) “ 12'’
x Secret Vote (Driscoll) _ __ 116
x Phantom Fox (McDermott) _ _ 115
Also eligible
Bounding Count (Schmidl)_ 115
x Hel|n Bab (Villalobo) __ 1 o5
x Tiempo 'Berger* . _ no
x Apprentice allowance claimed.
Cloudy and fast.
Violators of Franking Law
Have Never Paid Penalty
Post Office Official Remembers Few
Indictments in 31 Years’ Service,
Free Mail Dates to 1732, "
A few years ago Caspar Milquetoast,
the popular cartoon character, was
sent a package of seeds by his Con
gressman. The envelope bore the
printed warning, "penalty for private
use to avoid payment of postage,
*300.” So. with a regretful glance
at his own back-yard patch, the ‘timid
soul’ carefully planted the seeds in the
public park.
Had he been better informed about
governmental affairs, Mr. Milquetoast
i would have known that the admoni
tion referred not to the seeds, but
to an old American institution, the
free mail privilege. He might also
have been reassured by the knowledge
; that no one has ever paid the *300
penalty for misuse of this privilege.
1 The franking privilege is almost
. as old as the United States, having
been started by the Continental Con
gress In an ordinance passed October
18. 1782. This ordinance provided
that letters, packets and dispatches to
1 and from the members and secretary
• while actually attending the Congress,
to and from the Commander ii% Chief
> i of the armies or the commander of a
1: separate army, and to and from the
‘ iieads of the Departments of Finance,
‘ War aud Foreign Affairs, sent on pub
• lie service, should be carried free of
i postage. New laws extended this priv
1 liege to other Government officials
from time to time.
On July 1, 1873, as a result of nu
’ merous abuses, the franking privilege
• was abolished and all official corre
1 spondence was made subject to the
same rates of postage as applied to
‘ matter sent by the public.
Privilege Restored.
‘ When this system proved unsatis
’ factory, Congress began restoring the
free mail privilege. In 1877 it estab
lished what is now known as the
penalty privilege under which official
matter of the Government departments
is carried free of postage and discon
tinued the provision for paying the
Post Office Department for this serv
ice as had been done since 1847,
The terms "Hanked” and "penalty"
mall are very often confused. The
j title "franked” is specially applied to
, matter mailed by members of Congress
i and is so designated because of the re
: quirement that the member shall place
j his name or "frank” on the envelope
| while official penalty mail gains its
, name from the law which requires the
' penalty for its improper use to be
printed on the envelope or wrapper in
; closing the matter. Congressional
l ' franked mail embraces correspondence.
, the Congressional Record and extracts
, therefrom, public documents and other
'■ matter which may lawfully be mailed
’ free of postage by the Vice President
and members and delegates in Con
; gress. They may continue to frank
, public documents until the 30th of
[ Junp after their term expires. Penalty
. mail includes the official matter mailed
i frpp °f Postage by the officers of the
t executive, judicial and independent es
;! tabllshments of the Government.
• j Private persons need not pay post
1
I
i
!
1 !
Forcible Removal From
|i Home Charged by Harlem
.1 Entertainer.
By Cne /^Hciated Press.
j NEW YORK, April 21 —The Park
i avenue family of the former Sylvia
t Lazarus kept her secluded today as
[ ; her colored husband of less than two
i weeks, William Sam Hart Stewart, 32,
; sought to have her returned to him.
I The husband, a Harlem entertainer
1 and animal trainer, followed his wife
} here by private plane from Chicago
< after swearing out kidnjp warrants
' against three Chicago policemen and
five "John Does" from New York who,
> he charged, took her from his apart
j ment forcibly.
1 The young woman, apparently ill,
arrived here late yesterday by train
1 accompanied by her brother, Joseph
| A. Lazarus, who said she would be
i taken to a sanitarium She was lifted
■ into an ambulance after leaving the
i train.
■ Mr. Lazarus said his sister, a former
•' Smith College student, had been under
l the care of psychiatrists intermittently
) since a nervous breakdown in 1929.
i Detective Charles Meyers of the
■ | Missing Persons Bureau, who said he
i found the girl in Chicago, declared
i Mr. Stewart had consented to have
i his wife return here for treatment.
: In Chicago Police Capt. Boyle said
i three Chicago policemen went with
| Detective Meyers, Mr. Lazarus and
’ three unnamed men to the Stewart
| apartment Tuesday night.
"She was willing to go back to
; New York for treatment.” Capt. Boyle
1 added, "and her husband was willing,
too.”
Adelaide Brooks Flies to D. C.;
Oil on Plane Wing Soils Carte
Aaeiaiae Monett Brooks, socially
prominent night club singer, who will
reign as queen of the Shenandoah
Apple Blossom Festival in Winchester,
Va., next week, arrived here from New
York aboard an Eastern Airlines plane
today amid a fanfare of publicity,
after her plane had been forced to
turn back at Newark, where she wtis
transferred to another plane.
Mrs. Brooks, 21, attired" in a black
crepe dress, picture hat and a black
fox fur cape, was here for only a few
hours’ stay for a radio broadcast.
Mrs. Brooks' fur cape was badly
soiled with oil as she leaned on the
wing of the plane while news pho
tographers snapped her picture. Tak
ing it good naturedly, she laughingly
inquired if anybody around knew how
to remove it.
Questioned about a bankruptcy pe
tition filed by her attorneys in New
York yesterday, Mrs. Brooks said:
'T know nothing about it, not having
much of a legal mind.”
The voluntary petition listed her
liabilities at $9,691 and assets at
$1,800. Mrs. Brooks, who owns two
thoroughbred Sealyham dogs, was
asked whether they would take the
dogs from her.
‘‘I hope not,” she replied.
In regard to the new style of short
skirts, Mrs. Brooks, who estimated
hen at 14 inches from the floor, said
she had not given the matter much
consideration. One of the women in
the party to greet her, however, esti
mated Mrs. Brooks' skirts at 18
inches from the floor.
While here, Mrs. Brooks will be the
guest of Mr. and Mrs. Burr Powell
Harrison. She spoke this afternoon
over the National Farm and Home
Hour in regard to the festival to be
held April 28 and 29.
In the crowd which greeted her were
Harry F. Byrd, Jr., son of the Virginia
Senator. The younger Byrd is edi
tor of the Winchester Star.
Mrs. Brooks is currently singing
in the Trianon room of the Ambassa
dor Hotel in New York.
FILES IN BANKRUPTCY.
Mrs. Brooks Lists Assets of $1,800 and
$9,691 Liabilities.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, April 21.—Adelaide
Moffett Brooks, socially prominent
night club singer and daughter of
James Moffett, former Federal Hous
ing Administrator, filed a voluntary
bankruptcy petition yesterday, listing
liabilities at $9,691 and assets at $1,800.
Among the assets are two Sealy
ham dogs valued at $200 and cups
and other trophies worth $100.
Mrs. Brooks' husband, David Brooks,
died last year In a fall from a window.
age on matter relating to the census
when sending it to the Census Office
or on articles sent to the copyright
office in pursuance of the provisions
of the copyright law. Certain books
and periodicals in raised characters
for use by the blind may also be car
ried free.
With a few exceptions, all free mail
must relate exclusively to the business
of the Government, but there is legally
no way to enforce this provision
against members of Congress. Some
years ago it was found that the secre
tary of a Congressman was enjoying
fresh vegetables grown in the Con
gressman’s district by having them
mailed to him at the expense of the
Federal Government in packages
labeled "Public Documents."
Opinion Prevents Abuses.
The force of public opinion, how
ever, is usually enough to prevent such
flagrant abuses. When discovered,
they are called to the attention of
the member of Congress, with the
request that he pay full postage for
all the matter improperly franked.
He usually complies. There is no
penalty.
Although a penalty Is plainly pro
vided for the misuse of the free mail
privilege by the Government depart
ments. it has seldom ever been sought.
In order to collect the fine it would
be necessary to sue the offender and
obtain a judgment against him Nel
son B. Wentzel. superintendent of the
classification division of the Post
Office, Is able to remember only a few
indictments and no convictions on
this charge during his 31 years of
service with the department.'
The most celebrated case occurred
within the Post Office itself. Twelve
years ago Arch Coleman was First
Assistant Postmaster General. He
delivered a political speech in Detroit
and sent out several hundred copies
of it under the penalty mail privilege.
The postal official was called upon
to pay full postage on every copy.
Counts of franked and penalty mail
are made at regular intervals in Wash
ington and New- York post offices, as
the department has. since 1930, been
permitted to claim credit for lass of
revenue in this way in its annual finan
cial report. The amount of free mail
has more than doubled under the
New Deal. Most of this increase is in
the penalty mail and is due to the
creation of the many independent
agencies.
Last year the department carried
1,107,252,468 pieces of mail, which
would have brought in a revenue of
$33,713,305 if regular postage rates
had been charged. Of this, 669,352,068
pieces, worth $32,236,269, were charge
able to the Government departments
and establishments, while members of
Congress were responsible for $751,579
worth, of 29,747,411 pieces.
Precedent Continues.
Congress shares the franking privil
ege with widows of Presidents, who
alone have the right to mail personal
letters free of postage. This practice
dates back to Martha Washington.
Ai, the expiration of the first Presi
dent's second term, a special act was
passed providing that all mail sent to
or by him should be carried free for
| the rest of his life. Tins privilege
1 was extended to his widow upon his
death. Former Presidents were per
; mitted to frank their mail until 1873.
and the precedent thus set of giving
the privilege to their widows has con
, tinued until the present day. Begin
| ning with Mrs William McKinley
however, the privilege has been ap
| plicable only to matter mailed by
! these widows and not to them,
i
Widows of Presidents who now
j possess the franking privilege include
Mrs, Calvin Coolidge, Mrs. Woodrow
Wilson. Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt. Mrs
William Howard Taft, Mrs. Benjamir
Harrison and Mrs. Thomas Preston
jr. (widow of Grover Cleveland). Ir
the fiscal year 1936 they wrote 4.73f
letters on which they saved $246 lr
postage.
Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Hoover, how
ever. must purchase stamps for ai
their mail. But if the former Presi
dent should be the first to die. a spe
cial act of Congress will probably per
mit his wife to join that select grouf
of widows who can put their signa
ture on an envelope in lieu of a stamp
TRAFFIC DEATHS
Cases of William Thomas
and J. L. Stem to Go to
Coroner’s Jury.
Two traffic fatalities, the last of
which occurred yesterday afternoon,
will be investigated today by a cor
oner’s jury.
The last death wax that of William
Thomas, 75, a W. P. A employe, of
212 Eleventh street SE. who was
fatally Injured when hit by a sight
seeing bus while crossing Fourteenth
street near the north end of High
way Bridge.
Mr. Thomas died in Emergency
Hospital a few hours after the acci
dent. Meanwhile, police released the
bus driver, Joseph P. Murray, 26, of
i 320 Sixteenth street N.E. for appear
ance at the inquest.
Mr. Thomas had been employed in
the Sewage Department of the W. P.
A. since September, 1935.
Second Inquest.
The second inquest today was
scheduled in the death of J. Leroy
Stem, 36, a school teacher of Vigo
Park. Tex., who was crushed under
a huge, concrete-mixing truck near
j Third street and Pennsylvania avenue
N.W. Tuesday morning,
j The driver of the truck, police re
! ported, was George F. Wald. 22, of
I 1327 Emerson street N.W The truck
I ran over the sidewalk and hit Mr.
i Stem after the driver swerved it to
! avoid a school bus in front of him.
| Police said the brakes of the truck
failed.
Five-year-old Robert Gatte. 24 M
street N.E., suffered possible internal
injuries and brush burns yesterday
when hit by an automobile in the
| street near his home. He was treated
! at Sibley Hospital.
Boy Is Hit by Car.
Another 5-year-old boy. Jack Miller,
707 A street N.E.. was slightly cut and
bruised last night when hit by a car
; near his home. He was treated in
Casualty Hospital.
I Walter Crouch, 18. of 2917 Cathe
! dral avenue N.W. suffered a fractured
] toe when an automobile ran over his
( foot late yesterday as he was crossing
! an alley in the rear of the 4200 block
: of Connecticut avenue N.W. He was
treated at Emergency Hospital.
Jackson W. Barton, 38. 2032 Lee
highway, Arlington, Va , is under treat
ment in Georgetown Hospital for
burns about the hands and arms re
ceived when a carburetor on a truck
he was repairing exploded in his ga
rage at Rosslvn.
_
SULFANILAMIDE FOUND
TO CHECK INFLUENZA
Trial of New Medicine on Mice
Indicates Prevention of
Illness in Humans.
B* tire Associated Pres*.
DALLAS. Tex.. April 21—A new
medicine that prevents flu in mice
was reported to the American Chemi
! cal Society here yesterday.
It has not been tested on humans,
| but the prospect is favorable. Since
, it is made from sulfanilamide, the
| sensational new drug made from a
red dye which has cured blood poison
| ing and helped many different germ
I infections in man.
The flu medicine was reported by
M. L. Crossley. research director: E.
H. Northev and M. E. Hultquist of
the Cairo Chemical Co.. Bound Brook,
N. J. The new form of sulfanilamide.
1 they said, also prevented the mice
from catching any form of strepto
coccus infection.
"It is too early.” the report stated,
"to say that this result will be dupli
cated in human influenza.”
--•
CIGARETTE DIVORCE
ELIZABETH, N. J.. April 21 (JP\—
A lighted cigarette dropped down a
wife's back in the course of an alterca
tion over a pinochle game was held a
legitimate ground for divorce today.
Advisory Master in Chancery Dougal
Herr recommended a decree for Mrs.
Josephine Francis of Linden yesterday
when she cited this as an instance of
| "extreme cruelty” by her husband,
Theodore.
WEATHER REPORT
District, of Columbia—Occasional showers tonight and tomorrow; some
what cooler tonight: gentle winds mostly easterly.
Maryland—Showers beginning late tonight or tomorrow; somewhat cooler.
Virginia—Occasional showers tonight and tomorrow; slightly cooler.
West Virginia—Showers tonight and tomorrow; somewhat cooler to
morrow.
A trough of low pressure extends from*
Southern Greenland southwestward over
| the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and along
the Atlantic Coast. Godhavn. Greenland.
*-9 74 Inches, and Belle Isie. New Found
land. and Nantucket Mass . 29 99 inches.
Pressure is low over the Southern Plains.
Abilene. Tex. 29.70 inches, while a dis
turbance of slight intensity is moving east
northeastward over Western Ontario Sioux
Lookout. 20.78 inches Pressure continues
high east of Bermuda and south of the
Grand Banks, while a high-pressure area
is moving eastward over the Province of
Quebec. Port Harrison. 30 24 Inches. An
other high is moving southeastward over
the Middle and Northern Plains States.
Rapid City. S. Dak.. 30.24 inches. Pres
sure continues high over the Lower Mac
kenzie Valley. Norman. District of Mac
kenzie. .30.52 inches. During the last 24
hours ihere have been scattered showers
in the Atlantic States, the southern por
tion of the Ohio Valiev, the Middle and
East Gulf States and in portions of the
Middle Plains, the Red River of the North
and the extreme Upper Mississippi Valleys
Temperatures have fallen from the Sain*
Lawrence Valley southwestward over the
Lower Lake rerion and the Omo Valley.
Report for Last 21 Hours.
„ Temperature B'meter
Yesterdav—- Degrees. Inches.
4 p.m. _ 86 29.65
8 Dm. _ 78 20.74
Midnight _ 65 20.83
Today—
4 a.m_ 50 29.92
8 a.m._ 69 30.00
Noon _ 71 20.09
Record for Last 21 Hours.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 87. at 1:15 p.m. yesterday.
Year ago. 62.
Lowest, 58. at 6:30 a.m. today. Year
ago. 48.
Record Temperatures This Year.
Highest. 85. on April 14.
Lowest. 18. on January 28.
Humidity for Last 24 Hours.
(From noon yesterdav to noon .today.)
Highest. 04 per cent, at 1 a m. today.
Lowest 25 per cent, at 4:45 p.m yes
terday.
^ River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear
at Harpers Ferry: Potomac slightly muddy
at Great Falls today.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High __12:14 a.m. 1:10 a ip.
Low _ __ 6:54 a.m. 7:48a.m.
High_12.30 p.m. 1:24 p.m.
Low _ 7:30 p.m. 8:24 p.m.
The Sun and Moon.
Pises. Sets.
8un today 5:25 6:50
Sun. tomorrow_ 5:2.3 6:50
Moon, today . . _ 12.12 a.m. 10:23 a.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-half hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in inches In th§
Capital (current month to date*
Month. 1038. Av. Record
Januaiy _ _ 2 64 3 55 7 63 '37
February _ 2 37 3.27 6.84 '84
March _ 1.7 8 3.75 8*4 '01
April _ __ 1.32 3 27 0 13 «P
Mav ___ 3.7o 10 69 '8p
June ___ . 4.13 10 04 'On
July _ _ 4.7 1 10 63 '86
August _ __ 4.01 14 4 1 '28
September . _ _ 3.24 1 * 45 '34
October _ _ __ _ 2.84 8 81 ‘37
November _ _ 2 37 8.69 '89
December 3.32 7.56 *01
Weather in Various Cities.
Temp. Rain
Baro. High. Low. tail. Weather.
Abilene 20.7 6 7 8 62 Clear
Albany 30.04 82 52 o <»4 Cloudy
At'anta 29.92 76 58 1.02 Rain
AM City 20.94 66 54 Cloudy
Baltimore 29 06 86 oo Cloudy
Birm'cham 20.00 7 8 62 0 48 Rain
Bismarck 30.20 52 24 Clear
Boston 20 96 82 52 Ram
Buffalo 30.04 50 4" 0 01 Clear
Charleston 30.00 82 68 Cloudy
Chicago 30.02 52 40 Cloudy
Cincinnati 29.08 64 48 0.01 Cloudy
Cleveland 30 02 58 4 2 Clear
Columbia 20.96 8o 64 _ Cloudy
Denver _ 30.16 60 34 _ Cloudy
Detroit _ 30.06 62 32 _ Cloudy
El Paso 20.80 PO 62 ___ Clear
Galveston 20 86 74 70 Cloudy
Helena 30.16 42 26 0 02 Clear
Huron 30.24 66 32 0 nj Clear
Ind apolis 30.Oo 64 40 0.01 Cloudy
Jack'nville 30.02 82 68 Cloudy
Kans. City 20 96 72 48 _ Cloudy
L. Angeles 20 04 64 56 Cloudy
Louisville . 20 06 66 54 0.28 Cloudy
Miami 30.02 80 74 Clear
Min.-St P. 30.00 58 36 oio Cloudy
N Orleans 20.88 78 64 0.88 Cloudy
New York 29 06 82 54 Cloudy
Okia. City 20.86 68 56 0 08 Cloudy
Omaha 30.10 70 44 0 08 Ram
Phil'd'phia 20.08 84 58 Cloudy
Phoenix 29.78 92 64 Clear
Pittsburgh 3o.oo 72 4« 0.14 Cloudy
P land Me. 30.02 68 52 0 06 Clear
Port Ore. 30.oo 70 50 Cloudy
Raleigh 29 94 84 64 0.02 Cloudy
S. L. City 29 92 66 38 _ Clear
S Antonio 20.80 76 68 _ Cloudy
San Diego 29.02 62 58 _ Cloudy
S. Fr cisco 30.00 56 50 _ Cloudy
St. Louis 29.04 66 50 _ _ Clear
Seattle 20 96 64 48 Cloudy
Spokane 30.00 60 34 _ Clear
Tampa 30.00 80 66 Clear
Wash. D C. 29 OK 87 58 0.14 Cloudy
Foreign Stations.
(7 a m.. Greenwich time today.)
Temperature. Weather.
London. England _ 42 Cloudy
Paris. Franre _____ 30 Cloudy
Vienna. Austria _ 34 Cloudy
Berlin. Germany_ 37 Cloudy
Brest. France _ 45 Cloudy
Zurich. Switzerland __ 32 Cloudy
Stockholm. Sweden _ 30 Cloudy
Gibraltar, Spain 57 Cloudy
(Noon. Greenwich time, today *
Horta (Fayali. Azores 66 Cloudy
(Current observations.)
St. Georges. Bermuda 66 Cloudy
San Juan. Puerto Rico 74 Cloudy
Havana. Cuba _ Tz Clear
Colon. Canal Zona_ 78 Clear

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