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Chamber Meeting May 2-f
9 to Make Appraisal of Wagner Act. By the Associated Press. The United States Chamber ol Commerce suggested today that re vision of the Labor Relations Acl should be included in a legislative program to combat the receasion. The chamber announced that its meeting here May 2-5 would make a “searching appraisal" of the Wagner Act “and of the possibilities of changing that satute so as to prevent It from producing further obstacles to recovery.” Senator Burke, Democrat, of Ne braska, who has urged a congessional investigation of the Labor Relations Board, will address the chamber, the announcement said. The chamber made public a com mittee's analysis of the act which said that It had “created a direct in ducement for competing unions to seek to win away members from rival organizations through strikes, threats of strikes ar.d other coercive acts.” If the act is to “operate in the public interest,” the committee said, It should adhere to these principles: "To the extent that it is feasible for the Federal Government to pro tect employes against interference in the exercise of the right of self-organ ization, such protection should extend to practices engaged in not only by employers but by employes and others, “Legislative restrictions affecting employer-employe relations should tx 60 clearly and definitely set forth lr the statute as to enable all partiei concerned to understand their right! and obligations. “These restrictions should apply onlj to practices that are properly subject to Federal regulation. “All provisions of the act should tx so formulated as to assure Impartially of administration as between employer! and employes and as between partic ular kinds of labor organizations.” STEEL EMPLOYES VOTE ON WAGE CUT Unique Labor Election Held in Pittsburgh—Reduction Needed, Says Firm's Head. ST the Associated Press. PITTSBURGH, April 23.—The 700 employes of the Apollo Steel Co. en gage in an unique labor election today—to decide whether they will accept a wage cut as a means of re-employment. Voting by secret ballot begins at 2 p.m. The workers heard an equally unique debate last night in which their em ployer, A. M. Oppenheimer, company president, explained his side of the situation, and Harold J. Ruttenberg of the C. I. O. Steel Workers’ Organizing Committee talked against accepting a reduction. Mr. Oppenheimer said the Apollo plant, closed since April 1, could have operated at about 35 per cent ca pacity had wage cuts ranging from 5 cents an hour to a straight 5 per cent been accepted by the men. “We have been losing money under the existing scale of pay and it ap pears unlikely we will be able to reopen unless you men agree to take less pay,’’ Mr. Oppenheimer asserted. The union spokesman said the only way to halt the depression “within a period of months" was by maintaining wage scales. EUGENE LEGGETT’S WIFE SUES FOR RENO DIVORCE Cruelty Is Charged to Director of Emergency Council—Custody of Child Is Asked. Suit for divorce wm filed in Reno yesterday by Mrs. Dagmar Carlson Leggett, wife of Eugene S. Leggett, director of the National Emergency Council and former newspaper man. Mrs. Leggett charged cruelty and asked the custody of their one child. The Leggetts were married in Detroit February 23, 1924, and formerly lived at 3024 Macomb street N W. Before becoming affiliated with the council Mr. Leggett was head of the Washington Bureau of the Detroit Free Press and president of the Na tional Press Club. PANAMA CANAL SOCIETY Col. Thatcher and Dr. Clark to Be Among Guests. The third annual dinner of the Panama Canal Society of Washington will be held at 8 o’clock tonight at the Mayflower Hotel. Among the guests will be Col. L. M. Thatcher, only living member of the Panama Canal Com mission, and Dr. C. L. Clark of the Canal Zone, head of the Col. Gorgas Memorial Institute. One of the features of the enter tainment program will be a showing of a picture series of the,canal from Its construction to the present time. For ‘100 Per Cent D. C. Suffrage’ Ip.C.VOTE l llzc~cfl(urman of the Citizens’ Committee on District Suffrage and vice president of the District Suffrage Association, and Wilbur S. Finch, chairman of the Suffrage ,3r?'y£lttef'4Wl\° l?*sJ nifA* addressed a suffrage mass meeting at Central High School. “We will be content with, nothing short of 100 per cent District suffrage,’’ Mr. Stull declared. __—Star Staff Photos. Suffrage (Continued From First Page ) National Representation for the Dis trict of Columbia. "The conference hereby Indorses _the principle of a republican form of government for the District of Colum bia as proposed in Section 1 of the Lewis-Randolph Joint Resolution as the ultimate objective in local self government, and pledges its own efforts and bespeaks the assistance of all other citizens and organizations in the District towards securing the eventual ratification of an amend ment to the United States Constitu tion embodying such a provision. Reorganization Asked. “In orde>- to effect that well-knit or ganization of District citizens primar ily essential for the conduct of the necessary activities in the several States to secure their ratification of the amendments to the United States Constitution required to make effective the principles indorsed in the two pre ceding paragraphs, and in order that definite progress may in the meantime be made in the suffrage movement, the conference shall immediately take steps to secure through appropriate congressional action the reorganiza tion of the District of Columbia gov ernment into a modern, efficient and economical municipal government, with adequate provision for the effective I participation by District citizens in | the election and control of such gov j emment consistent with the present congressional power of exclusive legis lation over the seat of government." It was this third point to which ob jection was raised by Sylvester L. Mc Laurin. colored, of the Central North west Citizens’ Association. He com plained it was not comprehensive enough, and intimated that the Dis trict might be satisfied with munici pal suffrage if it failed to get na tional representation. Chairman Stull of the Resolutions Committee stirred applause when he declared flatly in reply: “We will not be content with anything short of 100 per cent suffrage. Our resolution means municipal suffrage pending adoption of a constitutional amend ment granting full suffrage." Further Study Rejected. Efforts of several delegates to refer the resolution to the constituent bodies of the conference for study and action at the next meeting were defeated. Strongest advocate of such delay was John Paul Jones, of the Federation of Business Men’s Associations, who said his delegates were ’’instructed,” and the resolution as it stood was "not in conformity * with our instructions.” Another delegate from this federation declared he could not vote at all on the resolution as a whole, because he was instructed in favor of part of It, but not for some of the rest of it. In its preamble, the resolution de clared that according to the "political philosophy of the Declaration of In dependence of the United States and the universal practice of all demo cratic nations, governments are re garded as created by the people, de riving their powers from the consent of the governed, and are instituted among men to promote their safety and happiness and to secure to the people the enjoyment of their funda mental rights. “One of the fundamental rights of American citizenship,” it was pointed out,” is a participation by the citizens in the malting of the laws to which they are subject ahd in the choice of1 the officers selected for the adminis tration of those laws. Sees Constitution Defeated. “By a technical interpretation of, the Constitution of the United 8tates,” I it continued, "an interpretation con trary In spirit at least to the real in tent of the framers of that instrument, the residents at the seat of Government of the United States, the heart of the world's democracy, are deprived of this fundamental right. "Notwithstanding the denial of this fundamental right to the citizens resi dent at the seat of government, they nevertheless must pay national and lo cal taxes, obey national and local laws, go to war in the Nation's defense, and in the Republic are equal in in telligence, in public spirit, in patrio tic devotion, and in every other dis tinctive American characteristic. "The denial to them of this funda mental right places them in the po litical status of the convict and tne lunatic. "It is becoming more and more evi dent." it was pointed out, "from ex pressions of opinion by members of our national legislature and by respon sible private citizens that congres sional consideration of the govern mental affairs of the seat of govern ment is too cumbersome and slow to be effective that they are an undue burden upon Congress, and that Con gress should be relieved of these rela tively minor, but nevertheless impor tant and numerous questions. Political Equality Goal. “Many citizens of th« District, both individually and collectively, have consistently sought to lift themselves from their present state of complete political helplessness to one of politi cal equality with their fellow citizens resident in the several States.” The Executive Committee of the Campaign Council and the Resolutions Committee of the conference were Jointly charged with the “responsibil ity of deciding upon and taking such steps as may be necessary to effect in the name of this conference the ob jects mentioned.” Representative Norton in her tele gram said: “As a former chairman of the Dis trict Committee, realizing the disad vantages to the District under present law, may I urge every resident to vote on April 30, so that Congress may know definitely whether or not you want representation in'Congress and a voice in your own Government. This should be very important to every citizen.” William H. Mondell, vice chairman of the Campaign Council and chair man of the Elections Committee, later called a meeting of precinct chairmen present to outline plans for the refer endum, April 30, Polls Open 1 to 9 P.M. The polls, in 63 schoolhouses, he an nounced, will be open from 1 p.m. to 9 p.m., except In those precincts where the local organisations may raise suf ficient funds to pay for keeping the buildings open longer hours. Mr. Mondell expressed the opinion, in answer to a question from the floor, that if Congress authorises a muni cipal vote, such for instance as is planned by the Celler bill, it would not interfere with the legal voting rights of people living here, but who maintain legal voting residences in the States. Arthur Clarendon Smith, a vice chairman of the Campaign Council, discussed financial plans of the organ isation, and urged purchase of the campaign buttons, at 10 cents each. A big vote is needed, he declared, to Impress Congress with the extent of the real demand for suffrage here. "We must have 100,000 votes," he said. Days of Revolution Recalled. Chairman Pinch harked back to the days of the American Revolution for inspiration to call his workers to the polls April 30. "Let us go back,” he said, "to the events of the latter part of the 18th century when our forebears, old and young, rich and poor, pledged, and sacrificed their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor to secure to themselves and their posterity that social, economic, religious and politi cal freedom, which today makes our beloved country a bea/con light to the distressed and afflicted in foreign lands. "Read the Declaration of Independ ence,” he admonished, "and as you read, note the similarity of present conditions in the District today with the fundamental causes set out in that instrument as a justification for the bloody struggle between our forebears and their cousins across the sea. Bee if you cannot perceive in our present movement a repetition, though upon a smaller scale of the American Revo lutionary War, but with ballots being used instead of bullets. And when you have convinced yourselves of this fact, I am sure the spirit of ’78 will be re born in your hearts." Seated on the platform with the speakers were other leaders on the conference, including Mrs. Marguerite L. Krenek, secretary; Harry s. Wen der, Mrs. Clara Wright Smith, Mrs. Ruth Lester Buchanan, Arthur Bern stein, Qeorge Warren, Kenneth P. Armstrong and Oeorge Rycraw. Ceiler Bill Explained. In hi* statement. Mr. Ceiler said: "In preparation for the referendum. I wish to make It perfectly clear that the bill which I have Introduced in the House to provide municipal self-gov ernment for the District of Columbia, in no way conflicts with the Joint resolution introduced by Mr. Ran dolph (Representative Randolph of West Virginia) proposing an amend ment to the Constitution of the United States to provide a republican form of government and representation in the Congress for the District of Colum bia.” Mr. Ceiler said that while a con stitutional amendment is necessary to provide full representation for the District in Congress, he added that "this would not be the first time that our great Constitution was amended to extend the democratic rights of the people.” As an example he cited the fact that members of the Senate are now elected by direct vote of the peo ple "instead of by the original less democratic method." Amplifying his views in the Con gressional Record, Mr Ceiler explained that the bill he has introduced would replace the District Commissioners with a mayor and city council elected by the people. He said this "is the minimum to which the people are al ready legally entitled and fulfills the minimum obligation of the Congress to the people of Washington." Game Waits 17 Years. Polish and Lithuanian teams have Just played a football game over 17 years behind schedule. The contest was arranged for October, 1920, but when on October 9 of that year Polish troops entered Vilna, then in Lith uanian territory, the match could not be played. Some members of the or iginal teams took part in the 1938 game and others were represented by their children. Coast Guard Goes to Aid of Grounded Animal Ship Loaded with a cargo of animals from India, the British freighter City of Salisbury is shown in this air view as she rested hard aground at the entrance to Boston Harbor. This en r-. photo was made as the Coast Guard cutter Chelan (upper left) arrived to give aid, —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. DIELS HNS • FOR OIL PARLEY Envoy to Mexico to Confer at State Department ~ Today on Seizure. Josephus Daniels, Ambassador to Mexico, who arrived here by plane last night, was scheduled to confer with State Department officials today concerning Mexico's seizure of Ameri can-owned oil properties. Arriving at the Washington Airport at 6 o'clock, Ambassador Daniels de clined to discuss the oil situation, say ing any comment along this line would have to come from the Secretary of State. All he would aay about Mexico was that the people of the country were for President Cardenas—and then he hastened to make it plain that this statement had no connec tion, ao far as he waa concerned, with the oil situation. The 75-year-old newspaper pub lisher and one time Secretary of the Navy, waa perfectly willing, however, to discuss his approaching golden wedding anniversary. He said he would join his wife in their Raleigh (N. C.) home next week for a suitable observance of the anniversary. Mr. Daniels said he was on his way to New York to attend the Associated Press anniversary dinner Monday. He is one of the founders of the news service. The Ambassador will return to Washington briefly en route to Raleigh. He expects to go back to Mexico, he said, in a few weeks. Washwoman Is Heroine. Stopping her washing, Mrs. P. Brown ran into the street in Tilbury, England, seised a runaway horse by the bridle and hung on until the frensied animal stopped just before dashing into a group of children, then returned to her washing. Daniels Here for Oil Parley * Josephus Daniels, American Ambassador to Mexico is shown as he arrived here yesterday via American Airlines to confer with State Department officials on recent oil develop ments in Mexico. —Underwood & Underwood Photo. HUMANE GROUP TO MEET Thomas W. Pond of Baltimore president of the International Con ference for the Investigation of Vivi section, will speak on "Kindness tc Animals" at a meeting of the Humane Education Society at 8 o'clock to night at 1414 Sixteenth street N.W. Plans will be discussed for joint activities with the Animal Protective League and other groups for observ ance of "Be Kind to Animals Week" which began today with "Humane Sunday.” CZECH ELECTIONS 10 TEST NATION ‘Easter Peace’ Nears End. Nazis Influential in Many Communes. By th. AasocLtcd Pres«. PRAHA, Czechoslovakia, April 33.—” The political "Easter peace" neared Its end today and Czechoslovakia entered a period of crucial testing. Responding to agitation among self conscious minority groups, especially by Konrad Henleln's Nazy party among 3.500.000 Sudeten Germans, the gov ernment yesterday announced long postponed communal elections would be held. Elections will begin May 23 in 11.000 out of 15,000 communes, in cluding many where the population is predominantly German. On June 12 similar elections will be held in Slovak and Carpathian district*. Elections in 4.000 precinct* with purely Czech populations do not fall due fot some time. Czech political circles viewed with some apprehension the meeting of Henlein’s party Sunday at Karlsbad. Henlein and his sub-leaders were expected to come out clearly with their program and demands upon the Czechoslovak government for a large degree of autonomy. It was thought probable that in or der to secure some seats in the com munal administration, deputies of the various Czech parties would run on a combined list. Practically all Ger mans are united under Henlein. Henlein's cause was assured more support yesterday when the Protestant churches in Czechoslovakia pledged him their unswerving loyalty. 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