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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 24, 1938, Image 1

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<tJ. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair and slightly wanner today; tomor
row mostly cloudy, possibly showers by
night; gentle winds, mostly easterly today.
Temperatures yesterday—Highest, 59, at
3 p.m.; lowest, 39, at 6 a.m.
Full report on page A-2.
Full Associated Press
News and Wirephotos
Sunday Morning and
Every Afternoon.
1 707 'W'r> Entered «s second class matter
x'u* —1 ItO. 0-±,0—U. post 0flice w»»hin*ton. D. C.
_WASHINGTON, I). C., APRIL 24, 1938-118 PAGES. *
Two Are Overcome by Foul
Air Before Last Group of
Victims Is Found.
Two Funeral Homes in Nearby
Richlands Forced to Call
for Assistance.
(Picture On Page A-5.)
By Ibe Assccioted Press.
GRUNDY, Va„ April 23.—Forty-five
charred and broken bodies of miners
were taken from the seared depths of
the Keen Mountain Mine of the Red
Jacket Coal Co. today, victims of the j
volcanolike explosions which greeted j
the night shift as it entered the mine '
The United States Bureau of Mines
officials said no further bodies were
in the ■•drifts” which extend far under
the mountain.
Sweating, sootv-faced members of
mine rescue squads worked in 30
minute relays in the furnacelike at
mosphere until they had explored
every avenue of the big mine. Two
members were overcome by bad air
which had to bo blown out before the
final group of bodies could be removed.
For many hours the crews worked
grimly, wuthout hope of finding life
among the vietims trapped by the
blast, but unwilling to cease their ef
forts until every miner had been ac- !
counted for.
Witness Tells Story.
No word of cheer came for sorrow
ing wives, children, sweethearts. Only i
bodies came up from the mine. Four j
hundred men were working to bring i
them out.
A miner. Bill Smith, vho had been
riding with bodies down the 4-mile
narrow-gauge railroad for many hours, 1
paused long enough to tell his eye
witness account of the disaster. He
was standing 50 feet from the mouth
of the mine when he heard the roar
and saw flame belched from the moun
“The blast was away from me, and
that's why I didn't get hurt," he said, i
“I saw coal-carrying cars, motors, 1
slate and timber spouted as if from a ;
Bill didn't, finish his story. An- !
other load of bodies was ready to go 1
down the incline to await identiflca- !
tion by persons with tear-dimmed eyes, j
Relatives Stay Away.
Automobiles filled with people
Jammed the highways as the rescue
work went on and State police erected
ropes in front of the tipple so that i
those carrying food to the tired workers
could go ana come to the cable car
that carried them under the moun- j
tain. Automobiles lined for miles on
both sides of the highway. !
Most of the relatives of the victims ,
remained away, but some weeping
widows, fathers and mothers refused j
to be comforted and stayed close in
search of a ray of hope.
The pay roll office was beseiged for
names of the dead and the missing. '
Townspeople at Grundy, 12 miles from
the scene, gathered with grim faces
and bowed heads as the Salvation
Army held a prayer service for the
Crew Died Instantly.
It was a steep ascent to the mine
entrance, but many persons went up
to offer their services and to encour
age workers.
“All the evidence indicates the un
derground crew died instantly,” said
C. P. Kelly, chief mine inspector of
the State Department of Labor.
Mingo Keadle, vice president of the
Red Jacket Co., announced early in
the day that air had been circulated
through all passages, but workers
found progress slower in the main
shaft than in the “B" shaft, where 17 j
bodies were found before it was fully
explored. Three of the first 22 bodies
came from the mine entrance and two
were found badly burned in the “A ”
or main shaft.
Inspector Kelly expressed convic
tion the explosion was caused by dust.
It happened only a few minutes after
mine cars carrying the night shift
had gone into the mine—not deep
but extending well back under the
Mike Lilly was one of the few men
In the area who could claim cause
for happiness. His miner’s lamp re
fused to burn and he missed death
by two minutes when he went back
for another. He said he saw two men
hurled 60 feet.
“I turned and ran like hell,” he
Motor Decapitated Man.
Relatives were kept away from the
mine entrance during the night by
State police. Only Mrs. J. L. Blevins
definitely knew the fate of her hus
band until after daylight, and there
was some difficulty in identifying his
body, decapitated by a heavy mine
motor hurled down the mountain
The two funeral homes in the little
town of Richlands had to call for as
sistance from neighboring towns.
State Police Sergt. P. P. Sprenger,
an eye-witness, who said the whole
top of the mountain looked as if it
was coming off, told of seeing an
automobile containing three boys
almost blown off the highway. The
youths followed him up the moun
Seven Die in Clashes in Syria.
BEIRUT, Syria, April 23 UP).—Seven
persons today were reported killed and
many injured in clashes between
Christians and Moslems in the Djezi
reh region of Eastern Syria.
Periodic clashes have resulted from
demands by Christians that Moslem
authorities appointed by Syrian Pre
mier Djemil Mardam be replaced by
French officials. Syria is under French
i h
Ex-Secretary Admits $16,000
Theft F rom Simone Simonl
Drew Cash From Bank
to Buy Clothes and
Jewels, Police Say.
Hj the Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES. April 23.—Sandra
Martin, pretty brunette, former sec
retary of Simone Slmpn. French film
actress, was arrested today by Dis
trict attorney's investigators who an
nounced she confessed spending thou
sands of dollars withdrawn from the
actress' bank account to buy herself
expensive jewelry and clothing.
District Attorney Buron Fitts said
the woman, arrested at the home of
friends where she had spent the night,
admitted taking at least $16,000. Chief
Investigator John Klein expressed the
opinion, however, that the amount
may be as much as $25,000.
Expensively dressed in a rich grey
fur coat over a smart frock. Miss
Martin was taken to her apartment
when, investigators said, the confes
sion was made. They said she ex
pressed regret and an anxiety to make
Informed at her home of the arrest,
Miss Simon said:
"I feel just sick about the whole
thing. I'm terribly sorry. It is such
a disappointment and it is also so
confusing I don’t know what to say.”
Among the purchases made with
the money, investigators said she told
them, were an $859 diamond ring, a
set of silver fox furs, other jewelry
costing hundreds of dollars and $3,000
worth of furniture for her apartment.
Officers said she made deposits of
| j—Copyright. A. P. Wirephoto.
the money in several banks, but that
; she could not estimate the amounts
Miss Martin was the star's secre- |
tary from April 1937 until ten davs
But He Warns That Industry
Risks Good Will of Nation
by Sulking.
Ey the Associated ~ -<=*.
NEW YORK. April 2.? — In n Na
tion-widc appeal for to'erance. Post
master General James A. Farlry said
tonight private business would have
to admit that "except for some of the (
reforms adopted by this administra
tion. we would be faced with a condi- j
tion that would make the present re
cession in business look like a pink
tea party.”
“This country was in for a house- 1
cleaning one way or another,” he said i
in an address prepared for delivery
at a banquet celebrating the 195th
birthday anniversary of Thomas Jef
“It was coming from government
or it was coming without government.
No matter what the enemies of this
administration may say, the troubles
that afflict us now are far less ugly
than those which menaced the United
States in 1933."
Declares Roosevelt Conciliatory.
Mr. Farley said President Roosevelt
had issued at least 20 specific friendly
invitations to private business to join
forces with the New Deal program (
to revive business and stimulate em
ployment. and he added:
"If business pouts and sulks and
holds back, it may well know that
it will not retain the good will and
majority opinion of the American j
people. We are more than blind if we
do not realize that the mind of the
American people is made up. It is
going places * * * and it will not
allow any group of people to lead it '
back into those primitive days that
are done and gone forever.”
Commenting on President Roose
velt's latest "fireside” chat, Mr. Far
ley declared:
"The President made it plain that
the biggest problem in all government
is the human problem—and that more 1
important at the moment than a bal- ;
anced budget is a balanced stomach." ;
‘‘Must Not Be Political.”
Mr. Farley predicted business would
“become a real partner in the deter
mination to overcome the forces of
deflation, and not wait, but become
a partner without delay.”
Continuing, he said: “As we go
forward, we must not be sectional, we
must not be class, we must not be
political, we must not let ourselves
believe that our Government is our
enemy, and W’e must convince our
Government that we are not its
enemy. Our Government must be
our friend. Our Government must do
its part. It should take the lead.
It has taken the lead. It should have
a program. It has a program, but
we must remember that our Govern
ment cannot do everything.
“You and I have got to do our
part, but the one thing to remember
is that nothing is going to be left
to chance as long as our President is
Franklin D. Roosevelt."
Mr. Farley said the finest thing in
the President’s recent message was
his spirit of tolerance.
“I say to you that what we need
in this country today is a broader
and more genuine application of
tolerance to the political, economic
and social life of this country," he
concluded, “ and we must remember
also that hate is the acid that cor
rodes the human heart.’’
Wagner Defends New Deal.
United States Senator Robert F.
Wagner, Democrat, of New York, de
fending the New Deal regime, de
clared that “The critic who merits a
hearing must do better than call
"The frontiers of socjal responsi
bility have been enlarged'in a manner
which will endure,” he said.
“A great nation will not return
to the day when the solution for
unemployment was the bread line,
when the answer to the distressed
home owner was foreclosure, when
finance was the product of the blue
sky, when the wonders of electricity
were denied to the bulk of our agri
cultural population, when the slums
were no one's responsibility, when
old age was not a blessing but a
Radio Programs, Page F-3.
Complete lades, Page A-I.
~ I
Second Machine Hits Police
Car and Shears Off
Gasoline Pumps.
Struck as hp attempted to cross
the Baltimore boulevard near Berwyn,
a man identified as Wylie Earl Miller,
33. was killed last night by an auto
mobile police said was operated by
S.dney Levi, 24, of 2012 Third street
A few minutes following the acci
dent, after a crowd of persons had
collected, another machine crashed
into a police car at the scene, swerved
and knocked over two gasoline pumps
and then hit a second car.
Mr. Levi was ordered to appear at
an inquest to be held Thursday before
Justice of the Peace George S. Phil
Police said they understood Mr. i
Miller came from Florida a few' days ;
ago and had been stopping at a tour
ist camp near Berwyn. They also had
a New York City address where he
is supposed to hare lived.
The second mishap, police said, in- i
voiced an automobile driven by Emer
son E. Ford Berwyn Heights. He
struck the machine of P. iner- Georges
County Policeman Edwin Thompson,
who had Mr. Levi with him and was
about to leave for the police station.
Seven Others Hurt.
After shearing off the gasoline
pumps, Mr. Ford's ear hit the auto
mobile of John R. McDermott. 2907
Seventh street S.E., who had stopped
to see the reason for the crowd. Po
lice said Mr. Ford's brother, Joseph
<See TRAFTIC, Page A-14.) i
Congress to Get Message
on Legislative Plan to
End Exemptions.
Conferees Hope to Finish Work
on Bill Tomorrow—Passage
by Friday Is Possible.
Principal purpose of Revenue Act
of 1938 is to modify much-criticised
tares on capital gains and undis
tributed corporate profits. As bill
neared passage in Senate, amend
ment was voted by 34-33 count to
permit taxation of income from
future Federal securities. Few days
later President announced plan to
submit message to Congress on
ending all tar exemptions on public
securities and salaries.
Recommendations vital to the Na
tion's tax structure will be presented
to Congress during the coming week.
Tomorrow President Roosevelt is
expected to submit his suggestions for
congressional action calculated to end
eventually the tax exemptions granted
income from Federal. State and local
securities and to salary income of pub
lic employes. On Tuesday or Wednes
day, House and Senate conferees are
expected to report their compromises
on the Revenue Act of 1938.
Although President Roosevelt defi
nitely is on record in favor of ending
exemptions which are casting the
various levels of government millions
of dollars in revenue yearly, his pro
pasals as to how and when the cur
tailment of this condition is to be
undertaken have not yet been dis
Since the Senate version of the
revenue bill now in conference al
ready contains an amendment author
izing taxation of income from future
issues of Federal securities, the rec
ommendations from the White House
tomorrow will have a direct bearing
on conference treatment of the pend
ing legislation.
Harrison Sees President.
Planning to complete preparation
of his message over the week end,
Mr. Roosevelt conferred yesterday
morning with Chairman Harrison of
the Senate Finance Committee, pre
sumably over the recommendations
to be made and the treatment to be
accorded the amendment now in the
Senate bill.
Earlier in the week the President
had a luncheon conference with Sen
ator Borah. Republican, of Idaho,
sponsor of the amendment.
With agreement reached on the
highly controversial capital gains and
undistributed corporate profits taxes,
the conferees are hoping to complete
their consideration of the Revenue Act
by tomorrow night and return it to
their respective chambers for antici
pated approval. It is barely passible
the legislation may reach the White
House for the President's signature
before his departure next Friday on
iSee U. S. TAXES, Page A-14.)
$500,000 Old Masters Stolen
From Guest-Crowded Castle
Rembrandt and Two Gainsboroughs in Loot, but
Thieves Pass Up Valuable Velasquez and
Idol of Pure Gold.
Ey the Associated Press.
LONDON, April 23 —A bend of
thieves who left no fingerprints en
tered a Kentish castle filled with
sleeping week-end guests early today
and carried away half a million dol
lars worth of paintings.
Five old masters—most precious of
which was Rembrandt's portraist of his
first wife, “Saskia at Her Toilet' —
were taken In the biggest British art
haul of this century.
They belonged to Sir Edmund Davis,
art collector and mining company di
rector, who kept them in a ground
floor gallery in his 17th century Chil
ham castle near Canterbury.
The burglary was perhaps the most
skillful in this country since Thomas
Gainsborough's "Duchess of Devon
shire” was slashed from its frame in
a Bond street gallery in 1876.
Cut Pane From Window.
The robbers entered the ground
floor of the castle by cutting a pane
from a mullioned window.
The robbery remained undiscovered
until Sir Edmund entered the gallery
in the front of the castle this morning
and found the empty frames.
The Rembrandt was valued at about
$250,000. Sir Edmund bought this 3
by-3-foot masterpiece from The Hague
Museum in 1900 and today he was
chagrined particularly because he had
declined to lend it to the current
Amsterdam exhibition commemorat
ing the birth of Crown Princess
Juliana's daughter.
Two Gainsboroughs in Loot.
Besides the old master, the thieves
carried away two paintings by Gains
borough, 18th century English portrait
and landscape painter; one by Sir
Joshua Reynolds, 18th century Eng
lish portrait painter, and one by Van
Dyck, Flemish painter of the 17th
The Gainsboroughs stolen were
“Lady Clarges” and “Pitt," the
Reynolds was “Earl of Suffolk," and
the Van Dyck was "Man with Dog.”
A valuable Velasquez was left on
the wall and the robbers alsc passed
up an Idol of pure gold whose value
Sir Edmund refueed to eetimate.
Scotland Yard mounted a close
watch on all ships and airports in a
hunt for the paintings and special
officers were ordered to inquire into
package shipments.
Thieves Evidently Experienced.
Sir Edmund declared:
“The men obviously were members
of an experienced gang of art thieves
but they ransacked a number of rooms
and took away other things of com
paratively little value.
“All the paintings were cut clean
from their frames and the greatest
care was taken.
“Marks of gloved hands have been
found all over the place. The thieves
put cushions on the floor so the frames
—some of which are very heavy—
would not make any noise when taken
“The Gainsboroughs, Van Dyck and
Reynolds are worth many, many thou
sands of pounds. The thieves passed
other treasures. They examined an
idol found in a railway cutting in
Colombia but discarded it, thinking
it probably brass. It is pure gold."
Police recalled inquiries they made
a year ago after a man was noticed
taking unusual interest in the pictures
during a charity exhibition. Investi
gation at the time led nowhere.
In previous great art robberies, pic
tures sometimes were returned after
a period of time in which the thieves
sold many copies, representing them
as the genuine stolen articles.
Mona Lisa Theft Recalled.
Most famous theft of the century
was the removal of Leonardo da
Vinci s 1 Mona Lisa" from the Louvre
in Paris on August 22 or 23, 1911.
It was recovered December 12, 1913
in Florence, Italy, by an art dealer
named Geri, to whom it was being
sold, and returned to the Louvre
January 1, 1914.
The man arrested for the theft was
Vincenzio Perugia. He said he had
watched the crowds pass in admira
tion before the painting and, overcome
by patriotism, decided to steal it and
return it to Italy, whence he said it
had been “stolen."
He was sentenced to life imprison
ment and Geri received the (9,000
reward offered by the Louvre.
f l think 1Ve \
(Got Somethikiq \
_ I
* j
Martin Pledges Strike Will
Come Only if Procedure
Is Failure.
E* the Associated "
FLINT. Mich., April 23.—Homer
! Martin, president of the United Auto- ;
mobile Workers of America, said to
night that allhough C. I. O. unionists
of the Buick and Chevrolet plants of
! General Motors Corp. had voted to
strike, there would be no strikes or
stoppages of work until grievance pro- ;
cedure has been exhausted.
Close upon this statement, William
E. Dowell, director of G. M. locals of
the U. A. W., said corporation con- ;
cessions relating to "preferred lists" j
of employes to be retained or called
back to work after lay-offs might j
. make a strike unnecessary.
A General Motors spokesman con
firmed Mr. Dowell's announcement
that the corporation had given as
surance that no abuses of such lists
would be tolerated.
"We have a contract with General
Motors and we will live up to it," said
Mr. Martin. "The U. A. W. also has
a constitution and we will live up to
it. That constitution provides there
shall be no strikes or stoppages of
work until grievance procedure has
been exhausted and there will be no
strikes until that has been done." |
20,000 Vote on Strike.
1 Twenty thousand union members
participated in the strike referendum
which started Wednesday. Jack Lit- j
, tie, U. A. W. local president, an
nounced the strike was approved by
these votes:
Buick Motor Co. employes, 9,500
to 2.080.
Chevrolet Motor Co. employes, 6,500
to 2,015.
A strike would paralyze industrial
operations of this city, for the second
time in little more than a year. More
than 50.060 General Motors workers
were idle here during the 1937 strikes.
Shutdown of Chevrolet plants would
cut the supply of parts to all of that
division's assembly lines. Buick and
Chevrolet are General Motors' largest
producing units this year.
U. A. W. employes in a Chevrolet
plant at Bay City, Mich., charging
discrimination and wage cutting, also
have voted to seek authority for a
i strike.
65 Per Cent Laid Off.
William Taylor. U. A. W. interna
tional representative here, said the \
Buick and Chevrolet strike authori
zation would be sought “if we don’t
get the desired results" in grievance
negotiations. He said 65 per cent
of union members in the twff divisions
have been laid off.
In addition to the “preferred lists,”
grievances leading to the strike vote
were: Charges of intimidation of
workers through lay-offs, violation of
seniority provisions, and “misinter
pretation” of recent supplemental sec
tions of the working agreement with
General Motors.
Other points of contention have
included assignment of foremen, not
eligible for U. A. W. membership, to
production line jobs, and union charges
that the corporation has offered to
return laid-off employes to work at
lower wage levels. >
Negotiations to settle four strikes
involving C. I. O. unions at Detroit
were at a standstill, but there were
plans for resumption of conferences
in some of the disputes next week.
Plants affected are the Bohn Alumi
num & Brass Co., the Michigan Steel
Casting Co., the Detroit Moulding
Corp. and the American Brass Co.
100 Chinese Perish
As Japanese Planes
Sink 2 Steamboats
Bj the Associated Press.
HONG KONG, April 24 (Sun
day).—More than 100 Chinese
were reported today to have per
ished when Japanese bombing
planes sank two passenger boats
en route to Macao from Kow
Forty-five survivors reached
Macao to tell of the disaster yes
terday. Eleven of them were
A,F.L. Pickets
Disrupt Own
Stale Session
By ttic Associated Press.
PROVIDENCE. R. I., April 23 —
More Ilian 100 delegates to the annual
convention of the Rhode Island State
branch of the A. F. of L. refused to
go through a picket line this after
noon to attend the meeting—and all
because of a desk.
Some days ago the State headquar
ter' of William Green's union was
moved to the Strand Building. A non
union truck driver for a furniture con- !
cern delivered a new desk to replace
an old one.
Today the Teamsters, Chauffeurs,
Stablemen's and Helpers' Union. Lo
cal 210. picketed their own State
union's headquarters, the sandwich
board saying, of all things: "R. I.
Slate branch of A. F. of L. unfair to
Local 251."
Later two pickets appeared at the
State convention at Eagles' Hall. More j
than 100 delegates refused t^ break !
the traditional labor rule—nfever go
through a picket line. They stayed
on the sidewalk.
-.- j
Ickes, Bullitt and McDonald
Accompany Him on Trip
Over Week End.
B> the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt, attracted by
bright, cool spring weather, headed
down the Potomac River yesterday
on a week-end cruise. He intended
to work aboard the yacht Potomac
on two special messages to be de
livered to Congress this Veek on
monopoly and ta xation of public al
aries and income from public securities.
Accompanying him on the cruise
were Secretary Ickes. Ambassador Wil
liam C. Bullitt, envoy to France: Fed
eral Housing Administrator Steward
McDonald, the President's daughter
in-law, Mrs. James Roosevelt, and a
secretary. Miss Marguerite Le Hand.
Deplores Misery Over World, but
Has' Faith in Future.
VATICAN CITY, April 23 <7P).—Pope
Pius today expressed ‘'immense faith
in the future" and deplored "the i
misery that covers the world” when
he spoke to 3.000 pilgrims, 2.000 of
whom were newlyweds.
"I deplore as every one does the
misery that covers the world.” a
Vatican news service quoted the holy
father as saying, “especially all this
sorrow, misery and misfortune that
war brings.
‘‘I deplore it but I have an immense
faith in the future because the future
is not in the hands of man but in the
hands of God and it will be as God
-« . . .
Five Bought fcy Czechoslovakia
Land in Rumania.
PRAHA, Czechoslovakia, April 23
(A3).—Authoritative sources said five
bombers bought by the Czechoslo
vak Army from Soviet Russia were
forced down today at Jassy, Rumania,
by bad weather. The planes, flown
by Czech pilots, were en route here. _,
This was disclosed in explanation
of reports abroad that 300 Soviet
bombers had flown over Rumania.
These reports were described as "com
pletely invented.”
Ballot Boxes to Be Open at
63 Schoolhouses From
9 A.M. to 9 P.M.
Pour extra hours have been added
to the balloting time in the District
of Columbia suffrage referendum next
Saturday, it was announced last
night, due to the great demand from
persons who want to vote in the
The original hours for the polls
were from 1 pm. to 9 pm. at 63
schoolhouses throughout the city.
When this schedule became generally
known, a flood of requests came to
the Citizens' Conference on District
of Columbia Suffrage, asking that the
polls be open also In the morning
Although the extra time will add
substantially to the cost of keeping
the schoolhouses open, the referen
dum management acceded to the re
quests. and extended the hours by
four, so that the ballot boxes now
will be open from 9 a m. to 9 pm.—
12 hours.
This increased interest was inter
preted last night by citizen leaders
in charge as an indication that many
more votes now will be cast than
could have been polled under the
original plans.
Election Officials Busy.
Election officials were busy today,
completing details for the referen
dum, and its supervision. William H.
Mondell, chairman of the Committee
on Elections, was whipping into shape
the long list of citizens who will su
pervise the 63 polling places. He
planned to announce their names to
The campaign for rousing interest in
the forthcoming plebiscite next Sat
urday, and in the hearings before the
House Judiciary Committee May 4 and
5 on pending joint resolutions to grant
suffrage by constitutional amendment,
moved forward yesterday on several
Wilbur S. Pinch, president of the
District Suffrage Association and
chairman of the Citizens' Conference
on District Suffrage, delivered a radio,
appeal over Station WOL, attacking
critics of suffrage and declaring that
the founding fathers of this country
never intended to deprive residents of
Washington of the vote.
"The Man in the Street,” including
some women, became the subject of
curbstone radio interview yesterday at
Thirteenth and F streets over Station
WJSV. with the result that a great
majority favored suffrage in a 15
minufe broadcast. The program was
recorded by electrical transcription
and "played back” shortly thereafter
ifor a check.
V Fight Goes to St. Louis.
The fight for District suffrage was
taken to St. Louis. Mo., by a delega
tion to the National League of Women
Voters' convention. Six women left
by train last night to join a seventh
aiready in St. Louis, to bring to the
attention of the national league the
plight of its local unit, which aptly
is called the Voteless D. C. League of
Women Voters.
Mrs. Louis Ottenberg. president of
the local league, declared the new fight
now on here will be pressed for atten
tion of the delegates gathered in St.
Louis from virtually every State in the
The specific aim of the local dele
gation, Mrs. Ottenberg explained, will
be an attempt to strengthen the
(See SUFFRAGE, Page A-3.)
Jewish Merchants in Vienna
Forced to Picket Own Stores
Bj '.he Associated Presi.
VIENNA. April 23.—Jews in Vienna
were forced today to picket their own
Jewish shopkeepers were made to
hold upward at arm's length signs
reading “Don’t buy from Jews."
In some instances they remained
in this position 40 minutes or longer.
Draped about the necks of persons
found in Jewish establishments were
placards proclaiming:
“This stupid, common person still
purchases at Jewish stores.”
Hundreds of Sa (Brown Shirt) Hitler
youths directed the mass anti-Jewish
boycott while German officials began
a purge of the famed Austrian Na
tional Library.
The chief librarian was supplied
with a lilt of proscribed "non-aryan”
works to be removed and burned from
the 1,200,000 volumes in the mag
nificent collection.
Officials seeking books outlawed by
the Nazis visited a private Vienese
Public bookshops already have con
ducted their own purge.
Destroyed or relegated to cellars
were the works of Thomas Mann,
Stefan Zweig, Jacob Wassermann,
Vicki Baum and others.
In the picketing of Jewish stores,
Nazis put up signs, warning, "Aryans,
do not buy from Jews.” Windows of
a leading coffee shop was smeared
with 3-foot red letters "Jew.”
One aged man. forced to hold aloft
an anti-Jewish placard, fainted twice.
He was revived by cold water thrown
(Set VIENNA, Page A-14.)
Enactment Is Predicted if
Special Order Can Be
Obtained by House.
Hearings End Tomorrow on More
Farm Aid—P. W. A. Funds
Come Up Tuesday.
The position of the President as
leader of his party, shaken hy
defeats on bills to enlarge Supreme
Court and reorganize executive
branch of Government, uas
strengthened to some extent by
decision of House and Senate tax
conferees to retain principle of un
distributed profits tax in pending
revenue bill.
President Roosevelt's new program
for the remainder of the present ses
sion of Congress—an also his leader
ship—faces its second big test this
The House Rules Committee, com
posed of 10 Democrats and 4 Repub
licans. will deride whether the wage
hour bill*is to be given its day In the
House. Predictions were made freely
yesterday that if a special rule can
be obtained from the committee for
the consideration of this measure
there will be a wage-hour law enacted.
The President scored at least a face
saving victory in his contest last week
with the Senate group, led by Senator
Harrison, Democrat, of Mississippi to
have the principle of the undistributed
profits tax retained in the law.
That the Chief Executive obtained
a real victory in this contest with a
Senate bent on rewriting the tax laws
to restore business confidence, was
denied by several of the Senators
participating in the conference on the
new revenue bill. They pointed out,
in support of their assertion, that the
undisinbuted profits tax. which is re
tained in only skeleton form, goes out
entirely at the end of two years, unless
Congress should re-enact it. And the
Senate had its way with the capital
gains tax.
Interpreted As Victory.
Nevert heless, the compromise reached
in the conference committee on the
revenue bill stands forth as a presi
dential victor}', and will be ao inter
The big hurdle for the President in
connection with the wage-hour bill
is the Rules Committee. The fate of
the bill rests with two groups in the
committee—the group of Southern
Democrats, five in number, and the
four Republicans. Together these
groups can dominate the committee
action. They can lost two Demo
crats and still refuse a special rule,
or they can lose two Republicans, or
one Democrat and one Republican
with the same effect—because a tie
vote would defeat a motion for a rule.
The group of Southern Democrats
in the committee is standing firm, ae
cording to Representative Cox of
Georgia, against the bill.
Of the four Republicans, one. Rep
resentative Martin of Massachusetts,
will support a rule for consideration
of the measure and one. Representa
tive Taylor of Tennessee, will oppose
such a rule. Representative Mapes of
Michigan and Representative McLean
of New Jersey are the uncertain quan
tities to date.
It is clear, however, that there will
be a division among the Republicans
over the measure, both in committee
and in the House itself if the bill is
brought up there for action. It is not
expected an effort will be made to
make a party issue over the bill.
Must Change Views. .
Speaker Bankhead last mghF an
nounced no wage-hour bill would be
enacted unless some of the four Re
publican members of the Rules Com
mittee change their views to relent in
their opposition te the proposed legis
New England manufacturers as well
as New England labor organizations
are strongly favoring the new wage
hour bill, which makes no provision
for differentials in favor of Southern
industrialists. Generally speaking,
the Republican members of the House
from the New England States will sup
port the bill, and of course, so will the
Even Republicans from New Eng
land. however, are skeptical about the
(See CONGRESS, Page~A-5j
The Family Budget
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problem of the family as well
as of the Government. To live
comfortably within one’s income
requires practical economy. The
Star is consulted in thousands
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to shopping.
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(Local Display)
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