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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 29, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
<D. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair and cooler tonight; tomorrow fair,
with moderate temperatures; westerly
winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 75,
at 10:30 am.; lowest, 61, at 1 p.m.
Full report on page A-2.
Closing N. Y. Markets—Sales—Page Zl)
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
W) Means Associated Prese.
86th YEAR. Xo. 34,331.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 1938—FIFTY-FOUR PAGES. ***
Entered as second class matter rnxTTJTj'X*' rtX',X'TTCJ
' post office. Washington. D. C. iXllViliJj VjL A Ii5,
WRECK HITS
WAGE-HOUR RILL
AS IMPRACTICAL
Georgian Asks Rules Unit
to Consider Legislation
Unconstitutional.
REVISION BY LABOR
COMMITTEE SOUGHT
Objection Is Directed Principally
at Absence of Differentials.
Called Confiscatory.
BACKGROUND—
Administration efforts to get
mage-hour legislation started more
than year ago. Senate finally
passed bill, but House Rules Com
mittee blocked it. In special ses
sion in fall, measure was brought
to floor by petition, but then was
recommitted. Unless special ses
sion is called again next fall, cur
rent efforts represent last hopes of
getting bill through this Congress.
BULLETIN.
The House Rules Committee this
afternoon rejected a rule which
would have enabled proponents of
the ' administration-backed wage
and hour bill to call up the meas
ure for consideration on the floor
of the House. The vote was an
nounced as 8 to 6. The action came
shortly after Chairman Norton of
the Labor Committee had an
nounced that President Roosevelt
w'as satisfied with the draft of the
pending bill.
By JOHN C. HENRY.
Representative Ramspeck. Demo- :
erat, of Georgia asked the House j
Rules Committee today to refuse a rule j
to expedite House consideration of
the wage-hour bill on the ground the
legislation as now drawn is •'im
practical, arbitrary, capricious and vio
lating the due process clause of the
Constitution.”
The Georgian charged that the
present version of the bill does not
follow the recommendations of Pres
ident Roosevelt and asked the com- ;
mittee to request its revision by the 1
Labor Committee as a condition to
granting a rule.
Mr. Ramspeck directed his objec
tion principally at the absence of
geographic differentials in the pend
ing bill, claiming this omission makes j
the measure confiscatory in effect.
The Georgian was chairman of a
subcommittee which prepared a meas
ure containing such differentials, but
the full Labor Committee rejected this
version.
A. F. of L. Letter Read.
The Ramspeck bill was opposed by ,
the American Federation of Labor,
now backing the pending measure. In
his testimony, Mr. Ramspeck said he
understood the Federation planned to
encourage a floor fight to make the
present bill a straight 40-40 measure.
At that point, however. Chairman
O'Connor read a letter from the
A. F. of L. disclaiming any such in
tention and claiming it had been
misrepresented as planning such
strategy.
Further support for a rule was voiced
by Representatives Dunne of Penn
sylvania. Gildea of Pennsylvania. Fitz
gerald of Connecticut. McKeogh of
Illinois. Flaherty of Massachusetts and
Healey of Massachusetts, all Demo
crats.
Representative Connery, Democrat, I
of Massachusetts and brother of the !
late Representative who was original
sponsor in the House of the pending
legislation, also took the stand to ask
for a rule and eventual passage of the
bill.
Representative Pace, Democrat, of
Georgia appeared to oppose legislation ]
without wage differentials.
Early in today's hearing it was evi
dent that party lines would be cut
sharply and with bitterness.
Sharp exchanges occurred both
among members of the committee and
with witnesses as Representative
Welch. Republican, of California,
scolded all who are fighting the legis
lation, and Representative Cox, Demo
crat, of Georgia, attacked it both in
questioning and in a formal statement
in advance of the hearing.
Chairman O'Connor frequently had
trouble keeping order as Represent
ative Sabath, Democrat, of Illinois,
clashed with his Georgia colleague
over the latter’s examination of Rep
resenative Welch.
The Cox attack on the bill was
backed up by a Republican, Repre
sentative Lambertson of Kansas, who
described the measure as "half-baked”
and asked the committee to “hold fast”
against granting a rule.
Joins Fight for Bill.
Representative Smith of Maine i
Joined the Republican delegation
fighting for the measure in a brief
appearance, declaring his willingness
to stay all summer if Congress would
pass the bill.
Immediately afterward, another
Republican, Representative Barton of
New York, spoke briefly in support.
He said the present bill met his ob
jections to the previous measure by
vesting administration in the Labor
Department instead of in a new board.
While the hearing proceeded, John
L. Lewis. Committee for Industrial
Organization chairman, notified the
committee that failure to send the
bill to the floor would be regarded by
labor as “an outrageous and inde
fensible gagging of the people’s rep
resentatives and a travesty on the
principles of our form of govern
ment.”
In a telegram to all committee
members, Mr. Lewis said:
“The members of the House of Rep
resentatives are elected by the peo
ple and have an inherent right and
obligation publicly to express them
selves and to vote on legislation af
fecting the interests of the people.”
Representative Cox made his posi
tion clear before today’s session opened
in a statement in which he charged
that “this bill is an attempt to regu
late all industry and to destroy the
fSee WAGE-HOUR, PageA^3)k I
ft *
Botanic Garden Greenhouse
And Others Hard Hit by Hail
Temperature Falls 17 Degrees in 15
Minutes as Ice Pellets Bombard
D. C. and Nearby Areas.
Hailstones as big as marbles in
the downtown section and reported
the size of golf balls in outlying areas
pelted the Capital and its environs
this afternoon, causing extensive
damage at the Botanic Garden and
other greenhouses.
The noise of the hail pounding
down on the roof of the Capitol
Interrupted Senate debate on the
naval expansion bill for about 10
minutes. The Senate chamber has
a skylight ceiling, which made the
sound mort> intense.
Senator Nye, Republican, of North
Dakota, who was speaking against
the bill, had to discontinue tempo
rarily, and Senator Lundeen, Farm
Laborite. of Minnesota suggested the
absence of a quorum. The clerk began
calling the roll, but had difficulty
making himself heard. As soon as
the storm had subsided, debate was
resumed.
A great number of panes were
broken at the Botanic Garden green
house, on Maryland avenue between
First and Third streets S.W., and the
pansy and tulip beds were said to
have ben ruined.
At the Poplar Point Nursery in Ana
costia, which is connected with the
Botanic Garden, one-third of the
windows in eight large greenhouses
were broken.
L. L. Bowdler said his greenhouse
at Seventeenth street and Benning
road N.E. had 2,000 large panes
smashed, causing damage estimated
at $3,000.
L. N. Burch's greenhouse at 1520
(See HAIL. Page A-3.)
END IN ALLIANCE
France and Britain Form
Entente to Protect
Democracy.
BACKGROUND—
England and France have turned
toward negotiation with Europe's
dictators as a means of assuring
future peace, but at same time hate
strengthened their own arrange
ments for armed co-operation if
tear should break in Europe. Both
countries also arc seeking stronger
economic ties with the United
States. British air mission now
here to examine supply of military
aircraft.
Ey the Associated Press.
LONDON. April 29.—The premiers
of Britain and Prance today concluded
a vital two-dav conference in which
they forged a mighty entente designed
to keep the peace of Europe by virtue
of its own strength.
Having agreed on a pooling of their
vast armed strength in the world's
greatest defensive alliance, the con
ferees ended their conversations shortly
before 5 p.m. (11 a.m., E. S. T.i.
The two governments then an
nounced a general agreement to de
fend their common democracy and to
seek "a peaceful and just solution of
problems-’ in Central Europe.
To Co-ordinate Forres.
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
and Premier Eduoard Daladier, it was
officially declared, agreed on continued
discussions by their general staffs "as
far as may be necessary” to co-ordi
nate their armed forces.
The Fiench approved the Anglo
Italian accord signed gg Rome April
16 A communique said both coun
tries felt that "the Mediterranean ap
peasement” thus effected would fa
cilitate the withdrawal of foreign sol
diers and arms from the Spanish Civil
War.
The premiers announced they
agreed it was “of the highest impor
tance” in the present state of the
world that Britain and France com
monly pursue "the defense of not only
their common interests but also of
those ideals of national and interna
tional life which have united their
two countries."
Attention to Central Europe.
Concerning the threat of German
expansion to Czechoslovakia they an
nounced that they “gave all their at
tention to the situation in Central
Europe and found themselves in gen
eral agreement on action which could
most usefully be undertaken with a
view of assuring peaceful and just so
lution of problems presenting them
selves in this region.”
The action contemplated was not
specified, but informed persons be
lieved it to consist in economic aid to
prevent Germany from starving the
Czechs and other people 0f the
Danubian region into submission.
Previously they had drafted main
outlines of plans to link their army,
navy and airforce resources against
any threat of invasion to either.
Turn to War Dangers.
The moral force of this combination j
strengthened their hands as they
turned to the question of safeguards
against war dangers in Central Eu
rope, where Nazi expansion imperils
Czechoslovakia, France's ally.
Details of the military merger were
left to the general staffs of the two
powers, but the ministers were be
lieved to have drawn the broad lines
for French control of the allied armies
and British direction of the navies
and airforces.
Would Liberalize and Extend
Old-Age Benefits—Desires
Data for Next Session.
Bt the Aitcciatfd Press.
President Roosevelt asked the Social
Security Board today to study methods
of improvin'? the Social Security Act.
including liberalizing and extension of
the old-age benefit system.
The President told a press confer
ence he had written A. J. Altmeyer of
the board asking that the revised pro
gram be put in shape for action at
the next session of Congress.
Asked if any plan was being made
to reduce the social security payments
into the reserve fund, the President
said that was one of the things the
beard was studying.
Chairman Altmeyer said later the
board had been working on plans for
liberalizing the old-age insurance
system and would continue to work
on them. The board, he added, would
have ‘something to submit to the
President" before next January.
Mr. Roosevelt said he requested the
board to consider the question of
starting old-age benefit payments
earlier than January 1, 1942, as now
provided. The President also asked
a study of larger benefits for those re
tiring within the next few years under
the pension system and also of larger
benefits for widows and children.
Act "Soundly Conceived.”
The President said successful opera
tion of the act showed it was ' soundly
conceived."
He also told reporters what he had
said on previous occasions, namely,
that England for 25 years had been
regularly amending its social security
law without any fuss and was improv
ing it almost annually in the light
of experience.
The text of the letter to Chairman
Altmeyer follows:
"My Dear Mr. Chairman:
"I am very anxious that in the press
of administrative duties the Social
Security Board will not lose sight of
the necessity of studying ways and
means of improving and extending the
provisions of the Social Security Act.
"The enactment of the Social Se
curity Act marked a great advance
in affording more equitable and ef
fective protection to the people of
this country against widespread and
growing economic hazards. The suc
cessful operation of the act is the best
proof that it was soundly conceived.
Should Seek Perfection.
"However, it would be unfortunate
if we assumed that it was complete
and final. Rather, we should be
constantly seeking to perfect and
strengthen it in the light of our ac
cumulating experience and growing
appreciation of social needs.
"I am particularly anxious that the
board give attention to the develop
ment of a sound plan for liberalizing
the old-age insurance system. In the de
velopment of such a plan, I should like
to have the board give consideration
to the feasibility of extending its
coverage, commencing the payment
of old-age insurance annuities at an
earlier date than January 1, 1942;
paying larger benefits than now pro
vided in the act for those retiring
during the earlier years of the sys
tem, providing benefits for aged wives
and widows and providing benefits
for young children of insured persons
dying before reaching retirement age.
It is my hope that the board will be
prepared to submit its recommenda
tions before Congress reconvenes in
January.”
Mrs. Roosevelt Repeats View
On Necessity of Divorces
By the Associated Press.
BOSTON, April 29.—Emphatically
asserting she was not answering any
individual criticism, Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt said today “divorce is neces
sary under certain circumstances.”
Mrs. Charles Feehan, president of
the League of Catholic Women, on
Tuesday called attention to what she
said were recent pronouncements by
Mrs. Roosevelt on divorce and on a
motion picture on the birth of a baby
and declared: "We have a right to ex
pect a finer taste in the words of the
wife of the President.”
Here to give a lecture tonight for
the benefit of the Simmons College
Alumnae gift fund, Mrs. Roosevelt de
clared, in an interview, she thought
there was not a full understanding,
on the part of those who criticized
her of one of her recent magazine
articles.
Divorce was necessary under certain
circumstances, she asserted, “when
two persons found it impossible to live
happily and when their religious be
liefs did not prevent it.”
Referring to the birth of a baby
picture, she said it should be shown
for educational purposes. She ex
plained regulations prevented any one
under 16 viewing the film unless ac
companied by his or her parents.
One of the educational aspects, she
added, was that the film already had
reduced the number of deaths in child
birth.
“Movies and radio,” Mrs. Roosevelt
continued, “must, to a certain extent,
be used for educational purposes, al
though some people think such infor
mation should come through medical
journals.”
The birth picture, she smilingly ex
plained, was not shown at the White
House because, “you know the Presi
dent never sits through a two-hour
picture.”
Mrs. Roosevelt said her son John,
and his fiancee, Miss Anne Lindsay
Clark, would be her luncheon guests
and that later she would visit Anne’s
mother, Mrs. F. Haven Clark, at her
Boston residence.
Asked if she would discuss divorce
at her lecture tonight, the President’s
wife replied: “No,” adding that young
people were more interested In mar
riage. *
NOTICE OF 15 PCI
All Classes of Labor Would
Be Reduced, Effective
First of July.
$250,000,000 SAVING
EXPECTED ANNUALLY
Loss of Revenues and Increases
in Operating Costs Are
Cited as Reasons.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, April 29.—The Associa
tion of American Railroads adopted
today a resolution under the Railway
Labor Act to serve notice of a 15
per cent wage reduction effective July
1 for all classes of labor.
The cut would represent a saving
of $250,000,000 annually to member
roads, the association said.
In a memorandum, the association
stated the wage cut was necessary
because of loss of revenue and In- '
creases in operating costs.
Revenue Losses Blamed.
Revenue losses the association laid
to a decline in traffic, diversion of
traffic to competing forms of trans
portation and inadequacy of the re
cent freight rate raise allowed by the
Interstate Commerce Commission.
Operating costs were higher, the
memorandum said, because of ad
vanced pay rolls due to the 1937 wage
increases and adjustments, costly and
Restrictive interpretations placed on
working rules by a judgment board
particularly for employes in the trans
portation group, legislative expenses
accrued in opposing regulatory meas
ures. tax expenses and the increase in
materials and supplies costs.
The memorandum said that in de
termining the amount of the wage re
duction to be sought for approxi
mately 1,000.000 workers, serious con
sideration was given the present
financial condition of the carriers,
which it said was "even more des
perate than it was in January. 1932.
when a deduction of 10 per cent from
pay checks was accepted voluntarily
by the employes."
Net Income Off 10 Per Cent.
In the four months ended in Jan
uary, 1938. the net operating income
of class 1 railroads, the statement
said, was $13,710,622, or 10 per cent
below that earned in the four months
! ended in January, 1932.
"Even more significant,'’ the mem
orandum continued, “is the fact that
net railway operating income in Jan
j uary, 1938. fell 38 per cent below that
[ of January, 1932. In this connection
; it must be remembered that the car
riers’ 1931 request for wage reduction
was prompted by the inadequacy of
railway net earnings in the latter
part of that year.”
To Give Notice at Once.
The railroads announced they would
give formal notice of the reduction to
the 21 brotherhoods at once.
A spokesman explained that if the
employes refuse to accept the cut, con
ferences between representatives of the
unions and spokesmen for the manage
ments would be called to attempt to
negotiate a settlement.
If these negotiations fail, he added,
either side could move to submit the
! controversy to the Arbitration Board.
If the arbitrators fail to bring about a
solution. President Roosevelt would be
I asked to appoint a fact-finding com
i mission.
The spokesman estimated that if the
negotiations followed this complete
course three or four months would be
consumed.
The association represents 142 class
l railroads.
Brotherhood to Oppose Cuts.
CLEVELAND. April 29 —D. B.
Robertson, president of the Brother
hood of Locomotive Firemen and En
ginemen, declared today there will be
no wage reduction agreed to by rail
road employes.
Mr. Robertson said the wage re
duction resolution of the Association
of American Railroads was “an at
tempt to embarass the President it*
his efforts to bolster recovery." He
asserted the wage bill of the rail
roads has been reduced $40,000,000
a month since last October.
“We're paying our price right now,"
the brotherhood leader said, "and if
those bondholders who are controlling
the railroads will take their losses,
we’ll be in pretty good shape."
c LET3 MAKE TH)S\
/ The SMotthat will l
(,BE HEARD AROUMDTHEj
^^districtT^
1ST FIRST GOAL
FOR NEW PARTY
La Follette Aides Disclose
Plans for California and j
Iowa Drives.
By In* Asm c iated Press.
MADISON. Wis., April 29—Gov.
Philip F. La Follette's lieutenants dis
I closed today that Iowa and California
are his immediate objectives in the
organization of the new Progressive
party outside Wisconsin.
Next will follow intensive campaigns
in Illinois, the two Dakotas, Minnesota
and Nebraska. The Progressives also
have their eyes on several other Mid
dle Western States and New York, with
the idea of establishing a bloc sufficient
to wield powerful influence.
Gov. La Follette was in Des Moines
today for a national radio broadcast
He will be in Cedar Rapids tomorrow
with the apparent purpose of inducing
the Farmer-Labor party of Iowa to
change its name to the Progressive
party.
His associates said he would go to
California within the next six weeks
to support the campaign of Raymond
Haight for Governor sn the Progres
sive ticket.
Study of Election Laws.
i The first step in organization pro
cedure was a thorough study of the
election laws of all States to deter
j mine what legal obstacles must be
met in getting the Progressive parti
label on the ballot.
Mr. La Follette's legal aides said
they expected great handicaps in
some States, but in the Middle WesL
New York and California the proolem
already has been solved by third party
movements.
The Progressive party emblem ,ias
been trade-marked in every State of
I the Union. The emblem is a white
circle, bordered in red, with a cross
in the center representing a ballot!
mark and multiplication of wealln.
(See PARTY, Page A-8.)
—-— • —
ROOSEVELT DECLINES
NEW PARTY COMMENT
Says He Will Stand on Statement ,
More Liberal Forces Help
Better Country.
B> (he Associated Press.
President Roosevelt told reporters
, today he would stand on his comment
; of last Tuesday when asked his re
action to formation of a new Progres
j sive party by Gov. Philip F. La Follette
of Wisconsin.
At his Tuesday press conference the
President said the more liberal forces
organized to promote progressive pol
icies and action the better it would be
for the country.
He had been asked at that time,
aside from the La Follette conference,
whether he felt liberal groups should
organize for effective political action.
Summary of Today's Star
Page Page.,
Amusements D-2-3 Obituary_A-14 j
Comics -C-6-7 Radio_C-4 i
Editorials -__A-12 Society _B-3
Finance _A-19 Sports _C-l-3
Lost & Found D-3 Women’s Pg._ C-5
FOREIGN.
60 planes in spectacular battle above
Hankow. Page A-l
Czech economic help outlined in Lon
don parleys. Page A-l
Weather stalls rebels’ drive in North
east Spain. PMeA-17
Rebels can’t win before July, Franco
tells Britain. Page A-22
NATIONAL.
Roosevelt asks study to improve social
security law. Page A-I
House Rules Committee to vote today
on wage-hour resolution. Page A-l
Hanes urges "National balance sheet"
for Industry. Page a-2
Miners urged to desert John L.
Lewis. Page A-2
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
Rally tonight to climax preparation
for plebiscite. Page A-l
House group lays plans to kill D. C.
tax bill. Page A-l
Numbers backer testifies he killed in
self-defense. Page A-2
Castelberg's Jewelry store robbed sec
ond time in five days. Page A-2
Commissioners announce new restric
tions on parking. Page B-l
Court authorizes sale of Montgomery
mortgages to Perpetual. Page B-l
Girl found dead on floor of gas-filled
kitchen. . Pace B-5
i EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
! Editorials. Page A-12
This and That. Page A-12
Answers to Questions. Page A-12
Washington Observations. Page A-12
Political Mill. Page A-12
The Capital Parade. Page A-13
David Lawrence. Page A-13
Dorothy Thompson. Page A-13
Constantine Brown. Page A-13
Lemuel Parton. Page A-13
SPORTS.
Yanks skid to second division as
Giants take lead. Page C-l
Ferrell hurling at 20-game winning
pace for Nationals. Page C-l
Strong fields attack records in Penn,
Drake relays. Page C-2
Slim sports program for colleges here
this week end. Page C-2
Science, not weight, vital factor in
Ross-Armstrong fight. Page C-S
Capital’s invitation golf tourney sea
son opens Tuesday. Page C-4
FINANCIAL.
Bonds Irregular (table). PageA-19
Freight loadings down. Page A-20
Capital Transit profits gain. Page A-20
Stocks sell off (table). Page A-20
Curb shares lower (table). PageA-21
Retail trade improves. PageA-21
MISCELLANY.
Nature’s Children. Page B\12
Bedtime Story. Page C-S
Letter-Out. Page C-S
Crossword Puzzle. Page C-6
Contract Bridge. - Page C-7
City News in Brief. Page C-g
Vital Statistics. Page D-8
70-Year Building Program Here
Urged at Cost of $142,257,000
President's Special Committee Makes
Recommendation to Relieve
Space Congestion.
By J. RUSSELL YOUNG.
President Roosevelt today made
public a report recommending the
starting of a 10-vear Federal building
program in the District of Columbia
wnich will provide 5.208.000 square
feet of new spare to house Federal
governmental offices at an estimated
cost of $142,257,000.
The report, which was made by a
special committee named by the Presi
dent to survey the Federal housing
needs, calls for a 10-year program
divided into two 5-year programs.
The committee is composed of Sec
retary of Interior Ickes, Senator Elmer
Thomas. Oklahoma, chairman of the
Senate Subcommittee on District Ap
propriations; Representative Collins
of Mississippi, chairman of the Sub
committee of the House Appropria
tions Committee for the District;
Frederic A. Delano, chairman Na
tional Capital Parks and Planning
Commission, and Rear Admiral C. J.
Peoples, director of the Procurement
Division.
The first five-year program is esti
mated to cost $94,717,500 and the sec
ond five-year program is estimated to
cost $47,539,500. The program, how
ever. is merely advisory and makes no
provision for the raising of the money.
The report pointed out that to
house the various activities of the
Federal departments and individual,
agencies, the Government pays out
(See BUILDING, Page A-6.1
a PLANES FIGHT
Both Chinese and Japanese
Claim Victory—4-00
Civil Casualties.
By thf* Associated Press.
HANKOW. April 29.—Forty Jap
anese planes raided the Hankow area
today. Japanese Emperor Hirohito's
37th birthday, but more than a score
of Chinese planes counter-attacked
and tonight Chinese headquarters an
nounced its greatest aerial victory.
The headquarters said the defend
ing airmen brought down 20 Japanese
planes, including eight bombers, dur- I
ing the spectacular afternoon battle.
Air headquarters reported finding
the wreckage of 13 Japanese planes
and admitted loss of three of their
own craft, in addition to one which
made a forced landing and four miss
ing planes.
(The Japanese also claimed vie- j
tory. A navy communique, issued
at Shanghai, said there were 50
planes in the raiding fleet and that
these shot down 51 of 80 counter
attacking planes. The communique
added that only two of the Jap
anese craft failed to return to their ]
base.)
Unofficial Chinese sources reported
400 civilians were killed or wounded
when the attackers concentrated their
bombs on the crowded, industrial
Hanyang area, across the Han River
from this provisional Chinese capital.
Other investigators estimated the
Casualties at less than 100.
The battle kept most of the Hankow
area's million and a half population
cheering, gasping or scattering for
cover for a half hour.
SHANGHAI, April 29 (JP).—While
Japan celebrated Emperor Hirohito's
37th birthday anniversary his weary
soldiers in South Shantung province
continued an indecisive battle today
which was boosting Chinese hopes of
achieving a stalemate or repeating
the Taierhchwang victory.
Neutral observers said Japanese
were encountering stubborn resistance
near Pihsien, Taierhchwang and
Tancheng, • on a 30-mile front flung
across the Yi River.
$2 REALTY RATE
Palmisano Reveals Plan to
Kill D. C. Tax Bill and
Necessitate Boost.
By JAMES E. CHINN.
Pressure from Maryland interests
who are opposed to the business priv
j ilege and beer tax increases is re
sponsible for a move initiated in the
House to kill the 1939 revenue bill,
which action would force the Com
missioners to raise the real estate tax
to $1.90 or $2 to offset the anticipated
budget deficit in the coming fiscal
i year. The rate now is $1.75—25 cents
j above normal.
Chairman Palmisano of the District
Committee, a vigorous foe of the
business privilege tax, is expected to
'• take a lead in the movement. And
at present he is in a strategic posi
I tion to do so.
j As head of the Disrtict Committee
Representative Palmisano will be in
i charge of the House conferees when
the bill goes to conference. The
other House conferees will be Rep
resentatives Nichols. Democrat, of Ok
lahoma and Dirksen. Republican, of
Illinois.
Deadlock Might Kill Bill.
If either Mr. Nichols or Mr. Dirk
sen should support Chairman Palmi
sano in resisting the business privi
lege tax in conference a deadlock
probably would develop and the reve
nue bill would die with the adjourn
ment of Congress.
Without the $5,200,000 in additional
! revenue the bill is estimated to yield
1 the Commissioners would be com
pelled to increase the real estate tax
rate to keep the District out of the
red. There would be no alternative.
Mr. Nichols, it is known, would not
like to see the revenue bill die in con
ference, particularly since he fathered
it in his Subcommittee on Fiscal Af
fairs and aided in pushing it through
the House. Therefore he is not likely
to join Mr. Palmisano.
The position of Mr. Dirksen, how
ever, is unknown. He is in Illinois
on a political mission and is not
expected to return until Monday. But
it must be remembered Mr. Dirksen
(See~b7c. TAXES. Page A-17.) |
Sample Ballot
Citizen’s Conference on District Suffrage
April 30, 1938.
Give one answer to each question if you are
a genuine resident of Washington, 21 years of
age or older:
1. Do you want the right to vote for
officials of your own city govern- Yes. No.
ment in the District of Columbia? □ □
2. Do you want the right to vote for
President o£ the United States
and for members of Congress Yes. No.
from the District of Columbia?— □ □
The citizens of Washington will go to the polls tomorrow to de
cide on the two questions shown in the sample ballot above. A list
of the polling places is printed on Page A-4. You must vote in the
precinct whereAour residence is located,
■ *
Plans Rushed to Record
Suffrage Sentiment
Tomorrow.
CITIZENS’ COMMITTEE’S
PETITION IN CONGRESS
63 Polling Places to Be Open
in Precincts—Workers Get
Their Final Instructions.
Hearings by the House Judiciary
Committee on two pending Joint
resolutions to grant suffrage to
the District of Columbia by con
stitutional amendment have been
postponed from May 4 and 5 to
May 18 and 19. due to the un
avoidable absence from the city
of Chairman Sumners of the com
mittee.
With a big torchlight parade and
rally tonight, the revitali7ed campaign
for District suffrage points toward a
climax tomorrow in the city-wide ref
erendum. when voters go to 63 polling
places to cast their ballots.
The parade is scheduled for 8:15
tonight, to begin at John Marshall
place and C street, march' up Penn
sylvania avenue to Fourteenth street,
w here a big rally of music and speeches
will be staged by the Junior Board of
Commerce. The program will be
broadcast.
Plans for the suffrage referendum
tomorrow were rushed to completion
today. William H. Mondell, chairman
of the Elections Committee, planned
to Issue final Instructions to all work
ers throughout the 63 precincts. At
these polling places Washingtonians
may vote "yes" or "no" on two ques
tions — national representation and
local suffrage.
Fair weather for the referendum to
morrow was forecast early today by
the Weather Bureau. This was ex
pected to have a favorable effect on
the total vote. The official report
predicted "Saturday fair, with mod
erate temperature; moderate westerly
winds."
Petition Filed in Congress.
On Capitol Hill legislators in both
branches of Congress today had be
fore them the petition filed yesterday
by the Citizens' Joint Committee on
National Representation. The peti
tion approved both the pending Cap
per-Norton and the Lewis-Randolph
joint resolutions for amendments to
the Constitution providing suffrage for
the District of Columbia.
The petition was introduced simul
taneously by Senator Capper, Repub
lican, of Kansas and Representative
Mary T. Norton, Democrat, of New
Jersey, co-authors of one of the reso
lutions and former chairmen, respec
tively, of the Senate and House Dis
trict Committees.
Mrs. Norton in a radio address last
night over WOL pleaded "with every
person in the District to register your
vote on Saturday for or against
suffrage so that we in Congress may
know how to proceed in serving you.”
Assures Judicial Rights.
Referring to the Capper-Norton
joint resolution, Mrs. Norton pointed
out that their resolution in addition
to suffrage provided other things.
It planned "to amend the Constitution
to insure for you the juridicial rights
of your legal personality.”
"Perhaps many of you do not know
it,” she explained, "but in civil courts
outside of your own city, you have
a difficult time and an expensive ob
ligation to prove a legal residence.
It seems a silly state of affairs, but
regardless of how sure you are your
selves of the place you call home, it
will cost you money to prove that to
a civil court. Senator Capper and I
have opened the way to correct this
abuse of your unheeded constitutional
lights, as well as to provide you with
authority to run your own city.”
"Solution to that problem, however."
she said, "remains in the hands of
the House and Senate and the States,
and the decision will be guided in large
measure by the determination for self
rule you display next Saturday.”
In regard to the Lewis-Randolph
resolution she said she agreed with
Senator Capper, that she "would not
stand in the way • • • if you proved
by your ballots that you really want
suffrage.”
“Qualifying my stand on the Lewis
Randolph plan,” she said, "I would
support It or any similar legislation
for District suffrage only when as
sured that local self-government is
guaranteed.”
Advantages Are Stressed.
Sne pointed to the advantages both
of loci 1 self-government and of rep
resentation in Congress.
If national representation becomes
a fact. Mrs. Norton predicted she
would use her influence to see that
"permanent provisions be made to
place members from the District at
the head of House and Senate com
mittees on District affairs.”
"This extra precaution,” she said,
“will combine in reality to insure com
plete and practical self-representation
in all phases of District administra
tion. If I know my colleagues, and I
think I do, they will welcome this
change. The election of your own
(See SUFFRAGE, Page A-3J
--m - —.
LOYALISTS PROTEST
Say Britain 0. JC.’d Intervention
With Italian Accord.
LONDON, April 29 <*>).—'The Span
ish government today dispatched an
“energetic” protest to the British gov
ernment over the exchange of letters
accompanying the Anglo-Italian ac
cord, charging that Britain thereby
“legitimized Italian intervention in
Spain.”
The document asserted the British
"policy was directly inspired in ths
intention of favoring the rebellion
against the legitimate government of
Spain.”

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