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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 30, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(U. B. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Shower* this afternoon and probably
early tonight; slightly cooler tonight; to
morrow generally fair with rising tem
perature. Temperatures today—Highest,
63, at 10:30 a.m.; lowest, 56, at 6 a.m.; 62
at 1 p.m. Pull report on page A-2.
Closing N.Y. Markets—Sales—Page 18
The only evening paper
in Washington with thd
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
Mean* Associated Press.
86th YEAR. No. 34,332.
•WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1938—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES.
Entered as second class matter rp tt t> TP TP rcrvmci
_post office, Washington. D. C. .1
TNOUSANDSCAST
SUFFRAGE VOTES:
POLLS CLOSE AT 9
Turnout Is So Heavy Order
for Additional Ballots
Is Sent to Printer.
RESULTS TO BE KNOWN
AT MIDNIGHT OR LATER
First Election Day Since 1!?74
Lures Young and Old—Extra
Officials Required.
Early reports from most of the 63
precincts throughout the voteless
District of Columbia pointed to the
rolling up by nightfall of a heavy
vote in today’s unofficial referendum
on the question of suffrage for Wash
ington.
As thousands of men and women
from all walks of life marched to the
polls beneath favorable skies, urgent
appeals went out to plebiscite head
quarters, in the Denrike Building, for
more ballots to meet unexepected
demands.
The supply of ballots was exhausted
quickly, for example, at the Grant
School. Twenty-first and G streets
N.W.. headquarters of the twenty
fourth precinct, and shortly after the
polls opened at 9 a.m. precinct offi
cials sent a hurry call to headquarters
for an extra allotment.
More Ballots Printed.
So far beyond expectations was
the turn-out of vote-hungry citizens
in all parts of the city that election
authorities before noon dispatched
orders to a printer for more ballots—
and presses began humming to take
care of the emergency.
A particularly heavy vote was being
polled in the Northeast section of
Washington, according to reports
reaching headquarters early this after
noon.
Fleets of automobiles and troops of
Boy Scouts aided in marshaling the
Voters in the various precincts.
William H. Mondell, chairman of
the Election Committee, after a per
eonal survey of many precincts and
after receiving reports from others
throughout the city, announced just
before noon that the size of the vote
necessitated a reinforcement of the
election machinery.
More Election Officials.
Not only has the printer been or
dered to run off a large supply of ad
ditional ballots, but plans were being
made to place more election officials
at the polls, he said.
Reports from the various precincts
ahow, Mr. Mondell said, that they
were averaging around 200 votes each
during the first hour or hour and a
half. In most elections throughout
the country the early hours turn in
a light vote, he said.
“We are more than gratified,” de
clared Mr. Mondell. “We are over
whelmed with the early trend. When
the Government offices close at 1 p.m..
It looks like the election machinery
may be swamped. I am now on a
hunt for volunteer workers to rein
force the polling personnel during the
afternoon and evening.
“The polls will remain open for 12
hours. For the benefit of those who
must work all day we are keeping
them open until 9 o'clock tonight.
After dinner we are looking for a tre
mendous vote.”
Policemen Ordered to Aid.
Inspector Edwards of the Police De
partment shortly before noon reported
to Chairman Mondell he had notified
all precinct policemen to give particu
lar attention to school houses where
the voting is taking place. They have
been ordered to watch the situation
and look out for and help control all
crowds which may gather.
Three organizations were assisting
voters at the Shepherd School. Four
teenth and Kalmia streets N.W., cen
ter of the fifty-third precinct. They
were the Boy Scouts, the Parent
Teacher Association and the Citizens'
Association. Mrs. R. D. Rands, chair
man of the precinct, said 150 votes
had been cast in the first several
hours, but that a much heavier turn
out of voters was expected this after
noon.
At the Bunker Hill School, Varnum
street and South Dakota avenue N.E.
—the thirty-third precinct—Boy Scout
Preston Smith stood in the middle of
South Dakota avenue ringing a school
bell and shouting "Vote here.” On
each side of the corners of the inter
aection outside the school boys carried
signs bearing the advice, "Vote Just
Ahead.”
Recalls 1874 Bonfire.
Charles H. Keller. 75, of 4313 Thir
teenth street N.E., said as he cast his
vote, that he remembered the big bon
fires of 1874, when the city turned out
to elect Alexander Shepherd as Gov
(See SUFFRAGETPage A-3.)
1111
D. C. Resident, 95,
Walks to Polls to
Ask Representation
A 95-year old resident walked a
quarter of a mile to cast his vote
for suffrage at the Oyster School.
Twenty-ninth and Calvert streets
N.W., and commented that he was
for national representation "just
as I am sure my forefathers
were.”
He was Elisha E. Berry of 2832
Twenty-eighth street N.W. Mr.
Berry said even if it ooet the Dis
trict more money to govern itself,
he, for one, was "willing to take a
chance.” He said he cast his first
vote in Maryland in 1865 for Gen.
Grant, after fighting under his
command during the Civil War.
Mr. Berry told reporters he had
lived in the District for the last
10 years and before that was a
resident of Prince Georges Coun
ty. Md. He said his forefathers
came to that county in 1693 to
accept a grant from the King of
England.
Resident, Aged 91, Casts Ballot
Second Time in Seventy Years
mil
m
9
Scene at Hine Junior High School today as John R. Mahoney,
either 91 or 92 years of age, voted this morning. Left to right:
Mrs. Etta West, deputy rider. Eagle Tent Rechabites, of which
Mr. Mahoney is a member; Robert E. Mahoney, grandson, and
Mr. Mahoney, casting his ballot.
John R. Mahoney—who is either
91 or 92 years of age, he is not sure
which—voted today for the second
time in 70 years.
At Hine Junior High School,
Seventh and C streets S.E.. the fi
nancial secretary of the Association
of Oldest Inhabitants voted “yes” on
both questions in the District of
Columbia suffrage referendum. He
favored both national representation
and local suffrage.
TAYLOR IS NAMED
TO AID REFUGEES
Will Serve on International
Committee—U. S. Group
Also Is Selected.
By the Associated Press. ,
President Roosevelt has named
Myron C. Taylor to serve as American
representative on the International
Committee for Refugees.
In announcing Mr. Taylor’s appoint
ment today, the White House said the
President also had selected a num
ber of other "representative American
men" to form part of the American
Committee on Refugees, which will
seek to aid Austrians and Germans
exiled from their countries.
Mr. Taylor sailed from New York
this morning. He will visit his home,
in Florence, Italy, and other Euro
pean cities while preparing to co-oper
ate with European members of the
international committee in the refu
gee work.
May Meet in June.
State Department officials said the
first meeting of the international com
mittee might be held in June.
Twenty-nine nations and four Brit
ish dominions have said they would
accept Secretary Hull’s invitation to
take part in the international commi
tee's work of aiding refugees primarily
through private funds.
Members of the American commit
tee were announced as follows:
James G. McDonald, acting chair
man, editorial writer of the New
York Times and former high com
missioner for refugees from Germany;
Rev. Samuel Cavert, New York, mem
ber of the Federal Council of
Churches of Christ of America;
Joseph P. Chamberlin, New York;
Archbishop Joseph F. Rummel of the
Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans;
Louis Kenedy, president of the Na
tional Council of Catholic Men; Rabbi
Stephen Wise of New York, Bernard
Baruch, New York financier; Paul
Baerwald, New York banker; James
M. Speers, vice president of the Pres
byterian Board of Foreign Missions;
Hamilton Fish Armstrong, essayist
and writer, of New York, and Basil
Harris.
Welles Makes Comment.
Queried concerning statements by
New York imigration officials that
Austrian and German refugees bear
ing “one-way passports” would be
denied entry. Acting Secretary of
State Sumner Welles said this would
be one of the points to be settled
by the International and National
Refugee Committees.
Mr. Welles said it would be incon
ceivable that political refugees under
the stress and misery of having lost
their homes through no criminal
fault of their own, should be denied
entry into the United States because
of such a passport technicality.
TRIAL OF VON CRAMM
NEXT WEEK IS SECRET
Charges of Moral Delinquency
Are Unaffected by Nazi
Party Amnesty.
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, April 30.—Unconfirmed
reports today stated Baron Gottfried
von Cramm, international tennis star,
would face a secret trial next week on
charges of moral delinquency.
The status of Von Cramm, who has
been in custody since March 7, was
not affected by the Nazi party am
nesty decreed today by Adolf Hitler
for those convicted of breaking party
rules.
Neither the time nor place of trials
such as Von Cramm was said to face
is ever made public in advance.
The world’s No. 2 tennis amateur,
Van Cramm was arrested shortly after
returning from an Australian tennis
tour.
t A
Up bright and early at his home,
333 C street S.E., Mr. Mahoney went
to the polls as soon as they opened.
He had voted June 1, 1868, for mayor
of Washington and had never voted
since. He was the first voter at
No. 9 precinct at the high school.
Recalling his first and only previous
vote in the District Mr. Mahoney said,
that although he was a Republican,
he voted for John T. Given, Demo
(See MAHONEY, Page A-3.)
POWERS PRESSING
FOR CZECH PEACE
Britain and France Plan
to Urge Nazis to Cut
Demands.
By the Aisociated Press.
LONDON, April 30.—The London
Paris axis, strengthened by a newly
co-ordinated land, air and tea force,
prepared today to exert Its powerful
leverage to bring about a peaceful
solution of the Sudeten German
problem In Czechoslovakia.
At conclusion of the two-day con
ference at which British and French
ministers discussed world problems,
from China to Spain and Central
Europe, it was said the two powers
planned these immediate steps:
1. A British approach to Berlin to
I seek a modification of the program
of Germans subscribing to Nazi prin
ciples who are making autonomy and
other demands of the Czechoslovak
government.
2. A conference by Britain and
Prance with the Czechoslovak govern
ment at Praha, also for the purpose
of bringing about a compromise with
the Sudeten Germans led by Konrad
Henlein.
3. If the dangerous Czechoslovak
situation was settled, it was said
British Foreign Minister Viscount
Halifax would seek the co-operation
of German Foreign Minister Joachim
von Ribbentrop in opening long
deferred discussions toward a general
Anglo-German settlement.
It was learned, however, that the
French had flatly rejected a British
proposal that conversations with
Chancellor Adolf Hitler be started
immediately.
After these stepping stones, the
British envisaged an all-European
parley on Central European quarrels.
In the background was the agree
ment of the two powerful democratic
nations to defend their common
“ideals of national and international
life’’ with their combined army, navy
and air forces.
The British ministers placed their
reliance upon diplomatic rather than
military or economic power to per
suade President Edouard Benes of
Czechoslovakia and Herr Henlein and
his Berlin backers to come to terms.
Vice Admiral Is Appointed
Yokosuka Naval Yard
Commandant.
_
KOSHIRO OIKAWA TAKES
THIRD FLEET COMMAND
Major Changes Also Impending in
Army as Result of Tour
by Sugiyama.
By the Associated Press.
TOKIO, April 30.—The admiralty
today announced several important
changes in the naval high command,
including the*recall of Vice Admiral
Kiyoshi Hasegawa, commander of Ja
pan's third fleet in Chinese water
throughout the Shanghai operations.
It was Hasegawa who called on
Rear Admiral Harry E. Yarnell, com
mander of the United States Asiatic
Fleet, to express official regrets after
the United States gunboat Panay
was sunk on the Yangtze last Decem
ber by aerial bombardment.
Heads Navy Yard.
Admiral Hasegawa was assigned as
commandant of the Yokosuka Navy
Yard. Hls successor. Vice Admiral
Koshiro Oikawa, already has arrived
in Shanghai to take over the naval
command.
Vice Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto re
placed Oikawa as chief of the general
staff of the naval air force. Yama
moto will continue as vice minister of
the admiralty.
Rear Admiral Yoshinobu Shishido
succeeded Rear Admiral Denshichi
Okochi as commander of the naval
landing force at Shanghai. Okochi
became director of the Naval Artillery
School.
Changes Due in Army.
Unconfirmed reports said major
changes were impending in the army
command as a result of a Chinese in
spection tour by Gen. Gen Sugiyama,
Japanese war minister.
It was considered possible that the
changes may presage a combined drive
by the army and navy to break the
Chinese deadlock.
Announcement by Vice Admiral
Oikawa that Japan's naval blockade
of Chinese territorial waters will
continue, was reported by the Chicago
Daily News from Shanghai.
In a communication to Rear Ad
miral Harry E. Yarnell, chief of the
American Asiatic fleet, and command
ers of other foreign fleets in Chinese
waters Oikawa declared:
“I hereby announce that the pro
hibition of navigation by Chinese
shipping — both govemment?owned
and private—in Chinese territorial
waters, hitherto enforced by Vice
Admiral Kiyoshi Hasegawa (former
commander-in-chief of the Japanese
China sea fleet) will be enforced by
the naval forces under my command
as from the morning of April 30.”
ANTHEMS RESTRICTED
ON ARGENTINE RADIO
Broadcasting Is Forbidden Except
in Special Cases—Propaganda
Effect Is Feared.
B» the Associated Press.
BUENOS AIRES, April 30.—Radio
broadcasting of Argentine and foreign
national anthems, except in special
cases, was forbidden in Argentina
today.
The ban prohibited broadcasting of
foreign hymns, marches and songs re
garded as contrary to Argentine polit
ical ideals at any time except on occa
sions recognized for patriotic festivities
of the respective countries.
Dr. Adrian Escobar, director general
of posts and telegraphs, issued the
order because the Argentine govern
ment regards mucl\ broadcasting of
foreign anthems and music as having
propaganda purposes.
36 of 37 Pupils Have Measles.
HAZLETON, Pa., April 30 UP).—A
measles epidemic closed the West
Packer Township Public School—but
only one the 37 pupils got a vaca
tion. The other 36 were ill. *
Summary of Today's Star
Page. Page.
Amusements B-18 Obituary _A-6
Church News, Radio .A-8
A-12-13-14 Real Estate,
Comics -B-16-17 B-lto9
Editorials ..A-10 Society _A-9
Finance _A-15 Sports -..A-16-17
Garden Page A-15 Women's Fea
Lost& Found B-9 tures_A-9
FOREIGN.
Britain and France pressing for Czech
peace. Page A-l
Tokio juggles navy command, calling
Hasegawa from China. Page A-l
Chinese attacks stall Japanese Shan
tung offensive. Page A-2
Lunghai railway seizure near for
Japan. Page A-2
Insurgent planes make two raids on
Barcelona. Page A-4
Comintern rallies world labor to light
aggression. Page A-8
NATIONAL.
President sails aboard cruiser on fish
ing trip. Page A-l
$124,000,000 asked for construction of
five Army air bases. Page A-l
Roosevelt asks er.d of private power
in business. Page A-l
President reaches Charleston, ready
for fishing trip. Page A-l
J. P. Morgan summoned by 8. E. C.
in Whitney inquiry. Page A-8
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
Thousands at polls as suffrage plebis
cite begins. Page A-l
Hailstorm damage in this area likely
to exceed $100,080. Page A-88
A
Metropolitan area road program sought
by group. Page A-20
Three D. C. men acquitted in Prince
Georges murder trial. Page A-20
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Editorials. Page A-10
This and That. Page A-10
Stars, Men and Atoms. Page A-10
Answers to Questions. Page A-10
The Capital Parade. PageA-11
David Lawrence. . PageA-11
Mark Sullivan. PageA-11
Jay Franklin. PageA-11
Lemuel F. Parton. PageA-11
SPORTS.
Goslin succeeds injured Simmons.
Kohlman shows class. Page A-16
Hurdler Wolcott steals spotlight in
Drake games. Page A-17
Texans threaten Indiana’s rule in
Penn relays. Page A-17
Trosky, Owen setting pace for big
league hitters. Page A-16
Louis-Schmeling promise hottest bout
since Dempsey-Flrpo. Page A-17
MISCELLANT.
Nature’s Children. Page B-4
Vital Statistics. Page B-6
City News in Brief. Page B-6
Shipping News. Page B-9
Bedtime Story. Page B-16
Letter-Out. Page B-16
Oross-Word Pmnle. Page B-16
Contract Bridge. PageB-17
M
Csenator'
YOU'VE GOT
(SOMETHING.
VTHERE'/
PRESIDENT SAILS
ON FISHING INI
Roar and Smoke of Salutes
Launches Week’s Cruise
for Roosevelt.
By the Associated Press.
CHARLESTON, S. C„ April 30.—
Amid the roar and smoke of saluting
i 3-pounders, the new cruiser Philadel
phia, carrying President Roosevelt on
a week's fishing cruise, left Charleston
Navy Yard at 9:45 a m. today.
Headed for "somewhere” in the
South Atlantic, the sleek 10,000-ton
vessel, latest addition to the Navy's
rapidly increasing fleet, pulled away
from the dock with American and i
presidential flags fluttering in the ;
bright morning sun and the Chief j
Executive sitting at the starboard rail
on the main deck.
The escort destroyer Fanning fol
lowed the Philadelphia away from the
dock and trailed her down the Cooper
River channel 6 miles to the sea as
the cruiser and a Navy Yard battery
fired simultaneous 21-gun salutes.
Although no destination was an
nounced, it was believed.the President
would go as far as the Virgin Islands
to do some trolling for game fish that
abound in the South Atlantic and
Caribbean. He probably will disem
j bark at Charleston a week from today.
Piped Aboard Ship.
The President, accompanied by a
small party of White House aides, ar
rived at the North Charleston Depot
by special train from Washington at
8 a.m., at 8:45 he went aboard the
Philadelphia amid the screeching of
the boatswain's pipe and "The Star
Spangled Banner” played by a band
aboard ship led by Lt. Comdr. Charles
Benter of Washington.
Officers and men in service "whites
manned the rails of the Philadelphia
and Panning as the President stood
waving to those ashore.
While standing at the rail, the
President, noting the decaying black
hull of Adnflral Farragut's flagship
Hartford anchored a hundred feet
away, called to Rear Admiral William
H. Allen, commandant of the Navy
Yard, and shouted down to him on
the dock:
"Can’t you get a W. P. A. project
for the Hartford; it looks awful.”
President Promises Project.
"We haven’t got any money to carry
it out,” Admiral Allen replied, looking
over his shoulder to the old frigate
that figured prominently in the battles
of New Orleans and Mobile Bay in
the war between the States.
“You send up the request and I’ll
put it through,” the President re
joined, smiling.
The Hartford has been lying at
anchor here since the1 tum of the
century, once being used as a training
ship.
Several miles down the river a bat
tery at Port Moultrie fired another
21-gun salute as the Philadelphia
cruised by.
Governor Meets President.
The President was met at the train
by Gov. Olin D. Johnston of South
Carolina, Mayor Burnet R. Maybank
of Charleston, Admiral Allen, Gen.
Charles P. Summerall, former chief
of staff and now head of the Citadel,
local military college; Col. John J.
Fulmer, commanding the 8th In
fantry at Port Moultie, and Maj. R. T.
Edwards, acting adjutant of the fort.
He detrained at 8:30 o’clock, getting
into a new secret service car with the
Governor and Mayor.
Taking in the great length of the
car, the President turned to his greet
ers and remarked;
“We call it the battleship because it
is 5 feet longer than any other car.”
--- /
AMNESTY FOR NAZIS
PROCLAIMED BY HITLER
Beichsfuehrer Issues Order to
Commemorate “Anschluss”
With Austria.
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, April 30—Reichsfuehrer
Adolf Hitler today proclaimed am
nesty for Nazi party members charged
with offenses committed prior to April
10, 1938.
The amnesty proclamation was is
sued to commemorate the "anschluss”
of Germany and Austria.
Neither the number of Nazis af
fected nor the nature of their offenses
was diclosed. All party court pro
ceedings are conducted secretly.
Hitler also ordered discrimination
stopped against party members who
formerly were Freemasons, unless
they held the highest Maaonie degrees.
Lack of Flags
At Polls Irks
Elderly Voter
What—no flags over the polling
places on election day?
Lack of the national colors waving
from the flagstaffs of schools used as
voting headquarters in today’s suffrage
plebiscite caused one elderly voter to
become quite Indignant.
This man, whose name was not
ascertained, protested this "neglect"
to Harold Kraft, chairman of the
fifty-fourth precinct, presiding at the
Lafayette School, Broad Branch road
and Northampton street, Chevy Chase.
Mr. Kraft explained that election offi
cials had nothing to do with the flags
on public schools.
Dr. Frank W. Ballou, superintend
ent of schools, when questioned on this
subject, said he would have been
glad to order flags flown from the
schools today if there had been any
request to do so. Ordinarily, he said,
flags are raised over the schools only
on regular school days.
SUCCEEDS IN OBSERVING J
ACTIVITIES OF VIRUSES
California Scientist Is Working
With Harmless Varieties.
Notes Transformations.
By the Assocltted Press.
PASADENA, Calif., April 30.—Dr
Emory L. Ellis of California Institute
of Techology said today he had suc
ceeded in observing the activities of
viruses.
Certain varieties of viruses, minute
bodies invisible even under the mi
croscope. cause infantile paralysis,
rabies, influenza and possibly cancer.
Dr. Ellis is working with harmless
varieties, but doctors suspect sudden
tiansformations sometimes change
harmless viruses into more deadly
form.
Viruses are now believed to con
sist of a portein molecule. Dr. Ellis'
experiments consisted of watching
their effect on a bacterium.
“In about 15 minutes this bacterium
suddently vanishes before my eyes,"
he said.
SON OF LEE SHIPPEY,
NOVELIST, IS MISSING
‘Hank Seymour’ in One of Father’s
Novels Was Last Heard From
Three Weeks Ago.
Bt tbf Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES. April 30—Henry
Shippey, 17-year-old son of Lee Ship
pey, novelist and newspaper columnist,
is missing and his parents fear he has
encountered some misfortune.
The youth, who is the “Hank Sey
mour" in "The Great American Fam
ily,” one of Shippey's novels, left
home some weeks ago to seek an Ari
zona ranch job but wrote his parents
he was hitch-hiking to New York in
stead. From Indianapolis, he sent
back his suit case three weeks ago
and wrote that he was coming home.
That is the last his parents have
heard.
Assails Industrial Empire
Building in Message
on Monopoly.
(Text of the President’s
message, page A-6.)
BACKGROUND—
Nation's anti-trust laws have
been unchanged for many years, al
though there have been recurring
demands for more stringent regula
tion of industrial cobinations. Last
fall cue to administration in
tentions was given in speeches
by Solicitor General Jackson
and Secretary of Interior Ickes
bitterly denouncing monopolistic
practices of industry and finance.
By the Associated Press.
Decentralization of the business
structure became a broad new ad
ministration objective today.
This goal was set by President
Roosevelt In a militant anti-monopoly
message to Congress asking a *500,000
appropriation for studies of virtually
all fundamental aspects of the Nation's
business life preliminary to congres
sional action to break up “a con
centration of private power without
equal in history.”
The Chief Executive sent the mes
sage to Congress late yesterday. Some
administration supporters said that
because of its possible effect on busi
ness. the extensiveness of the program
of study and legislation outlined and
the political potentialities it was the
most Important document that had
gone from the White House to the
Capitol in many months.
The President assailed “industrial
empire building” and “banker control
of industry." He called for an end
to “interlocking spheres of influence”
over industry and business.
Monopolist ic throttling of pnce com
petition, he said, was "one of the
primary causes" of present economic
difficulties, and he declared that "the
small business man is unfortunately
being driven into a less and less inde
pendent position in American life.”
He stressed his belief that democracy
depends on economic decentralization.
"Unhappy events abroad.” he said,
“have taught us two simple truths
about the liberty of a democratic peo
ple.
"The first truth is that the liberty
of a democracy is not safe if the people
tolerate the growth of private power
to a point where it becomes stronger
than their democratic state itself.
That, in essence, is fascism—owner
ship of government by an individual,
by a group or by any other controlling
private power.
“The Second truth is that the lib
erty of a democracy is not safe if its
business system does not provide em
ployment and produce and distribute
goods in such a way as to sustain an
acceptable standard of living.”
The President urged Congress to act
on three things at this session:
1. A bill to prevent any further
("See MONOPOLY, Page A-4. )
Vaughn, on 2d Trip to Chair,
Puffs Cigar, Dies Denying Guilt
JOHN W. VAUGHN.
Texan Recites Lord’s
Prayer, Then Makes
**Real Speech.”
By *he Associated Press.
HUNTSVILLE, Tex., April 30.—
Calmly smoking a cigar, John W.
Vaughn stood in State Prison death
house for the second time early today,
recited the Lord’s prayer, bitterly in
dicted society tor condemning him,
then went to the electric chair pro
claiming his innocence.
He died at 12:33 a.m. for the slay
ing of a San Antonio policeman.
The execution climaxed a spec
tacular series of delays that began
eight days ago when the electric chair
generator broke down.
Vaughn called that an "act of God."
The execution was reset for Friday
morning, but Vaughn’s attorney ob
tained a last-minute injunction on a
plea for a sanity hearing.
The attorney said Vaughn had been
driven insane by three hours of listen
ing to workmen attempting to repair
the generator.
The injunction was dissolved yes
terday.
Vaughn entered the death dumber
smoking his cigar and clasping a
Bible and three roses—"my funeral
bouquet.”
"Gentlemen,” he said, "I’d like to
say the Lord’s prayer.”
Warden W. W. Waid nodded as
(See VAUGHAN, Page A-4.)
PM) FUND
FOR 5 AIR BASES
IS ASKED BY MAY
House Military Committee
Head Requests Sum
From Relief Total.
PART OF MONEY URGED
FOR IMPROVING POSTS
Move Growing to End Practice
of Issuing ‘Blank Checks’
to President.
By the Astc dated Press.
Chairman May of the House Mili
tary Committee said today he had
asked a House Appropriation Sub
committee to set aside $124,000,000
of President Roosevelt's proposed new
public works fund for construction
of five major Army air bases and im
provement of existing Army posts.
One of the new air bases would
be located in Alaska, Representative
May said, and the others would be
established-at strategic points in the
United States proper.
Mr. May made his request while
a movement developed within the
subcommittee to appropriate funds
directly to agencies rather than to the
President. That would end a system
under which relief money has been
handed over to Mr. Roosevelt, who in
turn has reallocated it to the Works
Progress Administration and other
Government bodies.
The air bases which Mr May wishes
financed with works money were
authorized in 1935 in the Wilcox Act,
which stipulated one should be estab
lished in the Atlantic Northeast, one
in the Atlantic Southeast and Carib
bean area for defense of the Panama
Canal, one in the Southeastern States
proper and another in the Rocky
Mountain area. A sixth base for the
Pacific Northwest already has been
started near Tacoma, Wash.
51,000,000 for Alaska.
Mr. May said he hoped to get the
committee to earmark $1,000,000 for
the Alaska base and in addition
authorize the Army to incur indebted
ness on that project up to $450,000.
The bulk of the $124.000 000. Mr.
May said, would be devoted to about
180 housing projects at Army posts
scattered all over the country.
“I asked the committee to clean
up the slums in the War Department
before starting on the rest of the
i country,” he said.
Some critics of the method of giving
; the President a lump sum for re
allocation have contended that Con
[ Kress thereby abrogated its control
over spending and gave the Chief
Executive “'blank checks.”
One influential subcommittee mem
ber said it was almost certain the om
j nibus spending-lending bill now under
I consideration would include a re
! striction under which funds for
W. P. A. would go straight to W. P. A.,
| money for farm rehabilitation direct
ly to the Farm Security Administra
tion and ‘‘on down the line.”
Checking on Boards.
Questioned about that possibility,
! Representative Woodrum. Democrat,
I of Virginia, who is in charge of tha
j legislation, asserted:
‘ We are putting just as much re
j striction on administrative authority
as possible in a program where we
have to delegate a certain amount.”
The subcommittee has been check
in on Federal committees and boards
which have been obtaining some or
all of their money from relief appro
priations. More restrictions are being
considered for them, Mr. Woodrum
said.
“We are going to prevent their ex
panding beyond what we think they
ought to,” he said. “We are going to
keep as much detailed control in Con
gress as possible.”
He added it would be “humanly
impossible” for Congress to approve
each public works project, and even
if it could the result would be "pork
barrel and log-rolling” operations
which would let the most influential
members obtain the most projects.
-•
C.&O. CONFERENCE
IS ENDED ABRUPTLY

Guaranty Letter Tells Alleghany
Stockholders Young Should Be
Relieved of Control.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, April 30.—The "armi
stice conference” between Robert R.
Young and powerful Wall Street bank
ing interests in the battle for control
of profitable Chesapeake & Ohio Rail
way Co., came to an abrupt end today
when Guaranty Trust Co., third larg
est bank in the United States, made
public a new attack on Young.
In a letter addressed to bondholders
of Alleghany Corp., top holding com
pany of the former Van Sweringen
rail empire, of which Mr. Young is
now in nominal control, explaining
the bank's position in the fight, Guar
anty said:
‘‘We also have full confidence in
the present operating management of
the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Co.
but we believe the company should
not continue to be subject to the
control of Mr. Young.”
The letter, signed by William C.
Potter, chairman of Guaranty, ac
cused Young and his supporters of
“continued misrepresentations to se
curity holders and others,”
Mr. Young, surprised at the move,
said Jie would not comment on the
letter until he had discussed the
matter with his attorneys.
The Potter letter indicated that a
public statement along similar lines,
but directed to stockholders of Chesa
peake & Ohio Railway and Chesa
peake Corp., middle Van Sweringen
holding company, was expected from
Earle C. Bailie, partner of the Wall
Street banking firm of J. & W. Selig
man & Co., John L. Dickinson and
John B. Hollister.
M

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