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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 30, 1938, Image 6

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0ealltH.
AITCHESON. SARAH ELIZABETH. On
Thursday. April 28. 11)38. at the home of
her daughter. Mrs. Willard Smallwood.
8302 Sligo drive. Silver Spring. Md..
SARAH ELIZABETH AETCHESON. beloved
wife of the late Robert Aitcheson. Remains
resting at the above residence until Sun
day morning. May 1.
Funeral services at the home Of her
son. Leiter. near Laurel. Md.. on Sunday.
May 1. at 2 P.m. Interment Ivy Hill
Cemetery. Laurel. Md.
ALLAN. LUTHER E. Suddenly, on Fri
day. April 20. 1038, at Winchester. Va..
LUTHER E. ALLAN, the beloved husband
of Katherine W. Allan and brother of
Josenh W. Allin. Mrs S. H. Edwards Mrs.
M. E Cook. Mrs. C. F Brown and Mrs.
Elmer Marlow.
Funeral from his late residence 634
South Carolina ave. s.e. Notice of time
later. Services by the W. W. Chambers
Co.. 1400 Chapin st. n.w.
AUSTIN. HENRY. On Friday. April 20.
1038. at Emergency Hospital. HENRY AUS
TIN. beloved husband of Lula Austin. He
also leaves to mourn their loss two devoted
sons. Rudolph and Nathaniel Austin; a
stepdaughter. Edna Bowles: ten grand
children and other relatives and friends.
Remain* resting at Frazier’s funeral
home. 380 Rhode Island ave. n.w.. where
funeral services will be held on Monday.
May 2. at 1 p.m. Interment Payne s Cem
etery 1
BELL. MOLLIE R. On Friday. April
20. 1038. at the residence of her daugh
ter. Mrs. Eloise B. McCombs. 218 7th st.
n.e.. MOLLIE R. BELL, beloved mother of
Leo Steele. lone Merriweather. Annie L.
Steele and Willie McBrayer. She also
leaves twelve grandchildren to survive her.
Remains may be viewed at the W. Ernest
Jarvis funeral church. 1432 U st. n.w .
from 5 p.m. Saturday. April 30, until 5
P.m. Sunday. May 1
Interment Milledgeville. Ga. 1
BOWSER, JOSEPH. On Thursday.
April 28. 1038. at Gallinaer Hospital.
JOSEPH BOWSER of 2447 25th st. s.e..
husband of the late Eliza Bowser and
father of Mrs. Lillie Addison and Joseph
E. and Francis A. Bowser. He is also sur
vived by two brothers. Wilson and Mack
Bowser: three grandchildren, four great
grandchildren and fourteen nieces and
nephews.
Funeral from his late residence on Mon
day. May 2. at 8:30 am.; thence to the
Church of our Lady of Perpetual Help.
wh*we mass will be said at 0 a.m. Inter
ment in Mount Olivet Cemetery. Arrange
ments by McGuire. 1
km** a , Et ntnc.. uepariea mis me
on Thursday. April 28. 1038. at his resi
dence. 510 Groffs Court n.e.. EUGENE
BROWN, devoted son of Agnes Brown
Stewart, beloved father of Elizabeth and
Margaret Brown He also leaves to
mourn their loss three grannrhiloren. son
in-law. a devoted friend and other rela
tives and frisrds Remains resting at
Barbour Bros.' funeral home. 48 K st n.e
until 4 pm. Saturday. April 30; there
after at his late residence
Funeral Monday. May 2 at 0 a.m.. from
Holy Redeemer Church. New York ave.
between 1st st. and N. J ave. Interment
Mount Olivet Cemetery. 30
BRUCE. GRANT B. On Saturday. April
30. 1038. at his residence. 77 V st. n.w..
GRANT B BRUCE, beloved husband of
Florence Gertrude Bruce
Notice of funeral later.
CANNON. TAYLOR. Departed this life on
Friday AptiI 29. 1038 after a brief illness.
TAYLOR CANNON, the beloved husband of
Mrs. Ida Cannon. He is also survived by
a devoted daughter. Mrs. Wilhemina Con
ley: one brother. Rev. C D. Cannon of
Clairton. Pa.: one sister. Mrs. Chicora Ford
of Charleston. S. C.: other relatives and
friends. Remains resting with L. E. Mur
ray Son. 12th and V sts. n.w.
Funeral notice later.
CONDON. EVAN A. On Saturday. April
30 1938. at Georgetown University Hos
pital EVAN A. CONDON, beloved husband
of Anna Singles Condon. Remains resting
at the funeral home of William Reuben
Pumphrey. 7005 Wisconsin ave.. Bethcsda.
Md
Notice of funeral later.
CONLEY. WINFREID. Passed away sud
denly. on Thursday. AptiI 28. 1938. at
Casualty Hospital. WINFREID CONLEY,
wife of William Conley. Remains resting
at Campbell’s funeral home. 423 4th
*t. s w
Notice of funeral later
COX. JOHN WARREN. On Thursday.
AptiI 28. 1938. at the residence of his
daughter Mrs John McConke.v. Oxon Hill.
Md.. JOHN WARREN COX. beloved hus
band of the late Jane Hatton Cox.
Funeral from his daughter’s residence.
Mrs. John McConkey. on Monday. May 2.
at 9:30 a.m : thence to St. Ignatius’
Church. Oxon Hill. Md where high re
ouiem mass will be offered at in a.m for
the repose of his soul. Relatives and
friends incited. Interment church cem
etery. 1
CRUIT. WALTER W. On Friday. April
29. 1938. at Washington Sanitarium.
WALTER W. CRUIT Takoma Park Md
beloved husband of Emma I Cruit. brother
of Mrs Marv Cruit Taff and father of
Mrs. Mary Kiefer. Mrs. Grarn Ellis. Rob
ert Cruit. Mrs. Dorothy Kvdd. Walter
Cruit. jr.: Mrs. Helen Larkin. Mrs. Mildred
Gothner of Wisconsin. John Cruit. Mrs
Elizabeth Barr. Mrs. Hilda Wolfe and
Norman Cruit.
Funeral from the Wm. H Sardo S- Co.
funeral chapel. 412 H st. nr. on Mon
day. May 2 at 2 pm. Relatives and
friends invited. Interment Oak Hill Cem
etery. 1
DICKERSON. WILLIAM HENRY. De
parted this life on Wednesday April 27.
1938. at the residence of Mrs. Bessie
Duteicvmon. 1541 9th st. n.w.. WILLIAM
HENRY DICKERSON. He leaves to mourn
their loss a devoted wife. Mrs. Georeia
Dickerson: one sister. Mrs. Mary Scon
dessy; one niece and nephew, and a
host of friends. Remains resting a' the
Gardiner & Poe funeral home. 312 4th
st. s.w.
Funeral Saturday. AptiI 30. rt 8 n m .
from the above funeral home. Rev. Mur
ray officiating Interment. Sunday May
1. at Caroline County. Va.. Mount Due
Church.
DIGGS. ELSIE. On Friday. April 29.
193S. at her residence, in H.ghland Park.
Md . ELSIE DIGGS, wife of Alexandria
Diggs. She leaves one sister, two brothers,
four stepsons, two steoda jghters and
other relatives and friends. Rempms rest
ing at Stewart’s funeral home. 30 H st. n.e
Notice of funeral later. 1
DYER. JOSEPH. Departed this life on
Friday. April 29. 1938 pr his residence.
2321-A N st. n.w.. JOSEPH DYER, be
loved husband of Henrietta Dyer. Re
mains resting at Boyds funeral home.
184o L st. n.w.
Funeral Sundav May 1. 1:30 pm.
from Union Wesley A. M. E Z. Church,
23rd st. between L and M n.w.
ELLIOTT. JOHN E.. JR Suddenly on
Friday. April 29. 1938. at Leesburg Va..
JOHN E. ELLIOTT Jr., beloved son of
John E.. sr.. and Florence C. Elliott <nee
SextonL
Funeral from his late residence. 1318
Mass. ave. s.e.. on Monday Mav 2. at
8:30 a.m. Reauiem mass at Holy Com
forter Church at 9 a m. Relatives and
friends invited. Interment Cedar Hill
Cemetery. 1
ENGLISH. LILLIE MAY. On Friday.
April 29. 1938 at Providence Hospital.
LILLIE MAY ENGLISH, beloved wife of
the late Herman English. She is survived
by her mother Mrs. Lottie E. Webster:
brothers. Walter. Clarence and Frank De
Vauehn: also a half-brother. -James Web
ster. and a sister. Mrs. L. M. Hvnson.
Funeral services at the W. V/. Chambers
Co. funeral home. 1400 Chapin st. n.w..
on Monday. May 2. at 2 p.m. Relatives :
and friends are invited. Interment Cedar
Hill Cemetery. 1
FELL. RANDOLPH. On Friday. April
29. 1938. at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Bal
timore. Md.. RANDOLPH FELL, beloved
husband of Virginia Fell. Remains rest
ing at the funeral home of William Reuben
Pumphrey, 7005 Wisconsin ave.. Bethesda.
Md.
Notice of funeral later.
FERGUSON. HARRY. On Friday. April j
29. 1938. at his residence. 406 H st. n.w..
HARRY FERGUSON. Remains resting at
Timothy Hanlon's funeral parlors. 641 H
at. n.e.
Notice of funeral later. 1
FOWLER. MAUDE R. On Saturday. |
April 30. 1938. at the residence of Miss
Adele Torrens. 818 C st. s.e.. MAUDE R.
FOWLER, beloved wife of the late William
H. Fowler and mother of Mrs. M. E. Mc
Donald. Mrs. R. J. Penn and William H.
Fowler. »
Funeral from the above residence on
Monday. May 2. at 8:30 a m.: thence to
St. Joseph's Church. 2nd and C sts. n.e..
where mass will be offered at 9 a.m. Rel
atives and friends invited. Interment
Mount Olivet Cemetery. 1
FUNERAL DIRECTORS.
V. L. SPEARE CO.
Neither the successor to nor connected with
the original W. R Speare establishment.
1009 H St. N W. Natlona*?**” 2882
J. William Lee’s Sons Co.
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
Crematorium
4th and Mass Ave, N.E. Lincoln 6200
ALMUS R. SPEARE
Succeeding the Original W. R. Speare
6212 Georgia Ave. N.W.
3200 Rhode Island Ave. N.E.
Formerly on Conn. Ave.
Decatur, Greenwood, Georgia 2740.
Chambers
One of the Largest
Undertakerg in the World
1400 Chapin St. N.W. Col. 0432
517 11th St. S.E. Atlantic 6700
*918 Cleveland Ave., Riverdale, Md.
Frank Geier’s Sons Co.
Modern* Ohapelj1, ^TeL National 2473
_FUNERAL DESIGNS.
GEOrC. SHAFFER
EXPRESSIVE FLORAL TRIBUTES AT
MODERATE PRICES PHONE NAT. 0106
Open Evenings ... _ c
and Sund-ys Cor. 14th & Eye
ORCHID FLOWER SHOPPE
Comer 16th and Eye N.W. Met. 0646.
EARLE FLORIST .'SVt
Distinctive and appropriate tuneral pieces
designed by experts—popular orleea—
prompt delivery RKpubllc 9816_
GUDEBR0S. CO. Floral Piece*
1212 W at. N.W. National 4276
A
Eratlja.
GRAY. DOLLY. Departed this life on
Saturday. April .30. 10.38. after a linger
ing illness. Mrs. DOLLY GRAY, the be
loved daughter of Mrs. Susie Jett. She also
is survived by one sister. Mrs. Lina Wood
en: one niece. Mrs. Helena Gordon: one
nephew. Marice Wooden: other relatives
and friends. Remains resting with L. E.
Murray & Son. 12th and V sts. n.w.
Funeral notice later. 1
HEDGMON. TENIA. On Thursday.
April 28 19.38. at her residence. 912 R
st. n.w. TENIA HEDGMON. beloved moth
er of Edward and Walter Johnson. She
also leaves other relatives and friends.
Remains resting at the W. Ernest Jarvis
funeral clurch. 14.32 You st. n.w
Funeral Saturday. April 30. at 8 p.m..
from the Salem Baptist Church. Rev. J.
D. Grymes officiating. Interment West
moreland County. Va. 30
HENSON. ROBERTA. Suddenly, on Fri
day. April 29. 19.38. ROBERTA HENSON,
beloved wife of Joseph Henson, mother of
Herbert Hunter, daughter of Dennis J.
Edwards and the late Rosetta Edwards,
sister of William and Dennis J. Edwards,
jr.: Etta Davis. Sadie Dean. Ethel Crop
per. Marguerite Edmunds and Ruth
Highly. She also leaves other relatives
and friends. Remains resting at the W.
Ernest Jarvis funeral church. 1433 Yqu
st. n.w.
Notice of funeral later.
HOFFMAN. BETTY LUCILE. On Fri
day. April 29. 19.38. BETTY LUCILE
HOFFMAN, wife of William Paul Hoffman.
Friends are invited to call at Gawler’s.
1750 Pa. ave. n.w.
Services will be held at Crawler's chapel.
1750 Pa. ave. n.w\. on Monday. May 2. at
10 a.m. Interment Hagerstown. Md. 1
ISELL. JENNIE E. On Friday. April 29.
1938. at her home. 1736 Columbia road
n.w.. JENNIE E. ISELL. (nee Yates', be
loved wife of the late G. Fred Isell and
mother of Doris W. Isell
Remains resting at Birch's funeral
home. .3934 M st. n.w.. where services will
be held Monday. May 2. at 2 p.m. Inter
ment Oak Hill Cemetery. 1
JOHNSON. CHARLOTTE S. On Friday.
April 29. 19.38. at 2929 N st. n.w.. CHAR
LOTTE S JOHNSON, wife of the late
Gerard Johnson.
Funeral services at the S. H. Hines Co.
funeral home. 2901 14th st. n.w on Mon
day. May 2. at 10 a.m. Interment Loudon
Park Cemetery. Baltimore. Md. (Balti
more. and Cambridge. Md.. and Brooklyn.
N. Y . papers please copy.' 1
JOHNSON. HENRY. On Friday. Anril
29. 19.38. at Mount Alto Hospital. HENRY
JOHNSON. Remains resting at Frazier s
funeral home. 389 Rhode Island ave. n.w.
Notice of funeral later. 1
KIDWELL. LAWRENCE W\ On Friday.
April 29. 1938. at Georgetown University
Hospital. LAWRENCE W. KIDWELL. the
beloved husband of Elizabeth F. Kidwell.
Funeral services will be held in the W.
W. Chambers Co. funeral home. 1400 Cha
pin st. n.w.. on Sunday. May 1. at 2:30
p.m. Relatives and friends invited. Inter
ment Merrvfleld. Va. 1
LA BAIE. MARGUERITE GERTRUDE.
On Fridav April *29. 1928. MARGUERITE
GERTRUDE La BAIE. widow of Oliver J.
and mother of Arthur J. La Baie of Ta
koma Park. Md .: Eugene O. and Norman
J. La Baie of Buffalo N Y
Funeral services and interment at Buf
falo. N Y ao
LOWERY. MARY EMMA (PAT). On
Thursday. April *28. 19.18. at her residence.
0*20 Randolph st n.w MARY EMMA
<PAT> LOWERY, the beloved daughter of
Robert L. and Rhea Gertrude Lowery and
sister of Charles Franklin Lowery.
Funeral from the above residence on
Sunday. May 1. at 1 :ao p.m ; thence to
Petworth Baptist Church. Tth and Ran
dolph sts. n.w.. where services will be
held at ‘2 p.m. Relatives and friends in
! vited. Interment Washington Memorial
P&rk. Services by the W. W. Chambers
Co funeral home 1
McLINDON. MARY VIRGINIA. On Sat
urday April ao. 1928. at her residence.
2o92 P st. n.w.. MARY VIRGINIA MCLIN
DON. beloved wife of the late John W.
McLindon and mother of Mrs Virginia M.
Clements. John R. and William F. Mc
Linrion
Funeral from the James T. Ryan fu
neral home. 21 7 Pa. ave, s.e on Monday.
Mav 2. at 9:15 a.m.. thence to St. Ste
phen's Church 25th st. and Pa ave. n.w .
where mass will be offered af 1(* a.m Rel
i Rtives and friends invited. Interment
Mount Olivet Cemetery 1
METCALF. MARTHA L. On Saturday
April 20 1928. MARTHA L METCALF,
beloved wife of Lyman R. Metcalf. Re
mains resting at the W. W. Deal funeral
home. 810 H st. ne. until 5 pm. Sunday.
Mav 1.
Interment, Franklinville. N. Y.
MONTAGUE. IIENRETTT V On Thurs
day April *28 1928. HENREITTA MON
TAGUE of 11 I'* Mount Oi’.vet rd. n.e.. wife
of the late William H. Montague She
is survived by many relatives and friends.
Remains resting at the Malvan A- Schey
funeral home. N J. ave. nrd R st. n.w..
until Saturday April 90. at 4 p.m.: thence
■ to 1914 Capitol ave n.e.
Funeral Sundav. Mav 1. at C p.m from
Mount Vernon M. E Church. Capitol ave.
and Providence st. n.e.. Rev V. Hughes
I officiating. Interment Woodlawn Cem
! eterv.
RANDOLPH. HOLLINS NICHOLAS. On
I Friday. April 29. l!'ds a* his residence.
>2220 California ft n.w.. HOLLINS NICH
OLAS RANDOLPH, husband of Caroline
: Walter Randolph.
Services at Gawler’s chapel. 1150 Pa.
ave. n.w. on Sunday. Mav 1. at 10 am.
Interment Monticello. Charlottesville. Va.
; Kindlv omit, flowers
RUSSELL. BEATRICE. On Fridav. April
! 29 1928. 'BEATRICE RUSSELL, beloved
: daughter of Sarah Russel!.
Funeral hom the chapel of Bernard
Danzansky. 2501 14th st. n.w. on Sun
day May 1. at 11:20 am. Interment
Adas Israel Cemetery. 1
SLAUGHTER .TAMES T. On Wednes
day. APTil 2T. 199s. at his residence. 1 197
; Sumner road s.e . JAMES T. SLAUGHTER
i beloved husband of Mabel L. Trent and
father cf Ruth H Silver Isabella Allen.
Herbert. Marguerite Rozende. Joseph N
Dorothy Jones Ther^ore S. and Louise
Cannon: five grandchildren, three sisters
and three brothers also survive.
Funeral Monday. Mav 2. at 1 o'clock
from Bethlehem Baptist Church. Nichols
ave and Howrard road s.e. 90
SNOWDEN. ODLAN. On Wednesday.
April ‘27. 10.°. 8. at Gallineer Hospital.
ODEAN SNOWDEN, beloved wife of Arthur
Snowden. She also leaves to mourn their
loss a loving mother and father. Annie
and James B Johnson one brother.
Thomas Johnson: a grandmother. Mrs.
Ethel Lee: five aunts. Mrs. Eva Thomas.
Mrs. Lucv McCoy. Grace. Margaret and
Bessie Johnson: one uncle. Henry John
son: four great-aunts. Mrs. Maria Diggs.
Mrs. Mageie Jackson. Mrs. Marie Hiedon
and Mrs. Emma Lemmons, and other rela
tives and friends. Family may be seen at
140 N st. s.e. Remains resting at the
Morris A Carter & Co. funeral home. 2nd
and F sts. s.w.
Funeral Monday. May 2 at 1 p.m.. from
John Stewart M. E. Church. G st. between
3rd and 4th sts. s.w.. Rev. C. H. Fowler
officiating. Interment Payne's Cemetery. 1*
SUTTON. RICHARD W. On Monday.
April 25. 11)38 Gallinaer Hospital.
RICHARD W. SUTTON, devoted son of Mrs.
Marion Shanklin. He also leaves a de
voted friend. Ella Thompson: three sis
ters. Mrs. Elizabeth Washineton. Mrs.
Loretta Jones and Mrs. Mvrtle Homes:
three brothers. William. John and Silas
Sutton, and other relatives and friends.
Funeral Sunday May 1. at 1:3o p.m..
from the Morris A. Carter & Co. funeral
home. 2nd and F sts. s.w. Interment in
Rosemont Cemetery. •
TAYLOR. PERCY II. Suddenly on
Thursday. April 28. 1038. PERCY H. TAY
LOR beloved husband of Maude E. Taylor
of 1330 Corcoran st. n.w.. father of John.
Winifred and Jarrms Tavlor.
Notice of funeral hereafter.
TAYLOR, RICHOLA. On Tuesday. April
20. 1038. at St. Elizabeth's Hospital.
RICHOLA TAYLOR beloved sister of Ger
trude A Randolph. Maggie Smothers and
Felicia Taylor.
Remains resting at the W. Ernest Jarvis
funeral church. 1432 You st. n.w.. where
funeral services will be held on Monday.
May 2. at 2 p.m. Interment Rosemont
Cemetery. Relatives and friends invited. 1
TERI. FERRUCCIO. On Friday. April
20. 1038. at Mount Alto Hospital. FER
RUCCIO TERI. beloved husband of Utilia
Teri of 1145 22nd st. n.w.. father of Ul
d&rigo. Gino and Leopoldo Teri. brother of
Linda Vettori.
Funeral services at the W. W. Cham
bers Co funeral home. 1400 Chapin st.
n.w.. on Monday. May 2. at 8:30 a.m.:
thence to St. Stephen's Church. 25th st.
and Pa. ave. n.w\. w'here mass will be of
fered at 0 a.m. for the repose of his soul.
Relatives and friends invited. Interment
Arlington National Cemetery. 1
TURNER, MISS GERTRUDE F. On
Thursday. April 28. 1038. at Garfield Hos
pital. GERTRUDE F TURNER of Clifton
Terrace Apts., beloved daughter of Mrs.
Ona M. Turner and sister of Mrs. Aenes
F. Crowell.
Services at the S. H. Hines Co. funeral
home. 2001 14th st. n.w.. on Monday. Mav
2- at 10:30 a.m. Interment Cedar Hill
CemetGSi*. 30
* WEIGHT. EDWARD G. On Friday
April 20. 1038. at his residence. 1324
S?^&,,£ar?lina avp- s.e.. EDWARD G.
WMOHT. beloved husband of Sidney G.
Wright and father of Teresa W. Sears.
Easing resting at his late residence
until 10 a.m. Monday May 2
Funeral services will be held at the
Lee funeral home. 4th st. and Mass, ave
n.e- at 2 p.m. Relatives and friends in
vited. Interment Cedar Hill Cemetery. 1
WRIGHT, EDWARD G. A special com
munication of King David Lodge. No. 28
f■ A- A. M.. is called for Monday. May 2.
I 1038. at 1 p.m.. for the purpose of giving
WARDCGbWmGHT°Ur ll,e br0ther
W. C. PAi^ &3SS?* Ma5teri
In HUmnrtam.
CARTER. BABY RAY. In sad but lov
ing memory of our baby. RAY CARTER.
4Va years old. who died two years ago to
day. April SO. 1936. beloved son of Mar
cella R. and the late J. Raymond Carter;
grandson of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph M. Wag
ner and nephew of Eleanor R.. Merle J.
Wagner and Franklin R. Weinsheimer.
As we loved him. so we miss him.
In our hearts he is always near.
Loved, remembered, longed for always.
Bringing many a silent tear.
THE FAMILY.
FUSE, JOHN R. A loving tribute to the
memory of my dear brother. JOHN R.
FUSE, who departed this life two vears
ago today. April 30. 1936. MARY. •
GANTT. JOSEPHINE S. In tender and
loving memory of our dear mother. JO
SEPHINE SCOTT GANTT, who entered
into eternal rest eleven years ago today
April 30. 1927,
Mother, thou wert mild and loving.
Gentle as the summer breeze.
Pleasant as the air of evening
When it floats among the trees.
HER CHILDREN. ANNA M. LEE. MARY
A. GREENE. BLANCHE L. AND ED
WARD A, GANTT •
CEMETERY LOTS.
CEMETERY LOT (FORT LINCOLN). 12
sites: One location near fountain: SI.200.
cash. Georgia 8114.
A
OR. WALSH FLAYS
LAW FOR PRESS
Defends Right to Criticize
Politicians in Attack on
Minton Bill.
Defending the right of citizens to
criticize the administration without
fear of reprisals, Dr. Edmund A.
Walsh, S. J., vice president of George
town University, declared last night he
would not grant to George Washington
himself "the tyrannous power over our
free press” which he said Senator Min
ton, Democrat, of Indiana proposes
putting “in the hands of a transient
Government.”
Legislation of the type of the Minton
bill, which makes it a felony for pub
lishers to print a fact known to be
false, he said, “is of a piece with the
attempt to ruin the Supreme Court
and reorganize the Government of the
United States.”
“It should meet the fate of both of
its unlamented predecessors,” Dr.
Walsh said.
"The courts of the land are still
available for suits of libel, slander and
other acts of illegality. To grant to
the legislative, or the executive, or
judicial branch of the Government
such new immunity from criticism as
is implied by the temper of the advo
cate and by the circumstances attend
ing the proposal would be a 7-league
advance toward the ideals of Mr.
Stalin, Mr. Hitler and Mr. Goebels.”
Dr. Walsh was speaking on “The
Future of Democracy” in the con
cluding lecture of a public series which
he gave in Memorial Continental Hall
under the auspices of the School of
Foreign Service, of which he is also
the regent. Approximately 1,300 per
sons have been attending the series
dealing with a review of the 20-year
record of the Soviet Russian govern
ment. In many of his lectures the
Georgetown educator sharply criticized
policies of the Roosevelt administra
tion.
500 RESERVE OFFICERS
TO SEE LATEST WEAPONS
--
Infantry Battalion in Attack to
Demonstrate Newest Tactics at
Fort George Meade.
The latest tactics and weapons of a
modern war-strength infantry bat
talion in the attack, supported by light I
tanks, will be demonstrated to approxi
mately 500 local officers of the Organ
ized Reserve at 2 o'clock this after
noon at Port George G. Meade, Md. j
The attacking troops, composed of j
the 34th Infantry and the 66th In- j
fantry (light tanks) will assemble just ;
north of Welch Bridge over the Little
Patuxent River in the southwest part 1
of the Fort Meade Post.
hTe reserve officers, as observers. 1
will assemble at the "enemy” position
on Napoleon Hill at 2:30 p.m., when
the infantry companies will begin
their offense. The attack, expected
j to cover a period of more than two
hours, will move toward the observers,
who will be kept informed of develop
ments beyond eye-range by a public
address system.
Following the demonstratoins sup
per will be served to visiting reserve
I officers at the summer training camp
area.
■-.-.
EXAMINER FINDS HOTEL
WORKERS ARE DUE JOBS
Labor Board Official Advises Two
Be Re-engaged and Lost
Income Paid.
Lawrence J. Kosters, trial examiner
for the Regional Labor Relations
Board, has recommended that the
Lafayette Hotel, Sixteenth and I
streets N.W., re-engage two employes
and reimburse them for income lost
as a result of their discharge last
October. Such discharge, the exam
iner found, was in the nature of
discrimination against the Hotel and
Restaurant Employes’ Alliance.
It was also recommended that the
hotel be required to post notices to
the effect that employes are free to
join any union.
The employes involved were Salome
Berkely Hannan and Dehlia Alexander.
EVAN A. CONDON DIES
Bethesda Justice of Peace Had
Been 111 for Weeks.
BETHESDA. Md., April 30 (Spe
cial).—Evan A. Condon, justice of
the peace in Bethesda for nearly four
years, died last night at his home,
4542 Montgomery avenue, after an ill
ness of several weeks.
Itt ilrmnriam.
GRAY. BERTIE. In memory of our
mother and grandmother. BERTIE GRAY,
who died five years ago today.
HER CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN.
HILLEARY. FRANK E. In loving mem
ory of my dear husband. FRANK E. HIL
LEARY. who passed away two years ago
today. April 30. 1930.
The one we loved has gone to rest.
His firm, true heart is still:
The hands that always gave us help
Now lie in death's cold chili.
Where earthly grief is forgotten.
Where pain shall be no more.
To peace past understanding
God has oppned wide the door.
HIS LOVING WIFE AND CHILDREN. •
JOHNSON. WILLIAM BARKER. JR. In
sad but ’oving memory of our dear
brother. WILLIAM BARKER JOHNSON.
Jr., who departed this life nine years ago
today. April 30. 1929.
The month of Api il is here.
The saddest of the year:
With treasured thoughts of one so dear.
Often bring a silent tear.
®me may think you are forgotten
And the wound has long been healed.
But little do they know the sorrow
That lies in our hearts concealed.
HIS DEVOTED BROTHERS AND SISTERS.
ANDREW. CLAUDE. CATHERINE AND
MATILDA.
Thy voice is mute and stilled the heart
_ That loved me well and true;
Oh. bitter was the trial to part
From one so good and kind as you.
YOUR FOSTER SISTER. CATHERINE
WILLIAMS.
MATTHEWS. CORA L. In sad but lov
ing remembrance of our beloved mother.
CORA L. MATTHEWS, who passed into
another life nine years ago today. April
30. 1929.
While she lies in peaceful sleep.
_Her memory w’e shall always keep.
HER DAUGHTERS. EDITH AND MARIAN.
SIMMS. ISABELLE FISHER. In loving
GjyS'Ui of our mother. ISABELLE
FISHER SIMMS, who passed away four
years ago today. April 30, 1934.
She is not dead, the mother of our af
fections. but will live forever In our mem
ories. and as years roll by we miss her
more and more.
HER DAUGHTERS. HELEN WASHINGTON
AND ESTELLE L. WILLIAMS. *
TUCKER, MARY LOUISE In loving re
membrance of MARY LOUISE TUCKER,
the beloved daughter of De Witt C. and
the late Elizabeth E. Tucker, who died
eighteen years ago today. April 30. 1920.
Another year has ended.
Another sun has set.
And still I think of you. Mary.
Oh. how could I ever forget?
The years of her life were numbered.
...When the messenger whispered low.
The Master has come and called for vou.”
She answered. "I am ready to go."
Loved In life.
In death mgaambered._
HER FATHER. •
Text of President Roosevelt's Message to Congress
By the ^rtc elated Press.
The text of President Roosevelt’s
monopoly message to Congress yester
day:
Unhappy events abroad have re
taught us two simple truths about the
liberty of a democratic people.
The first truth is that the liberty
of a democracy is not safe if the peo
ple tolerate the growth of private
power to a point where it becomes
stronger than their democratic state
itself. That, in its essence, is Fascism
—ownership of government by an in
dividual, by a group, or by any other
controlling private power.
The second truth is that the liberty
of a democracy is not safe if its busi
ness system does not provide employ
ment and produce and distribute goods
in such a way as to sustain an ac
ceptable standard of living.
Both lessons hit home.
Among us today a concentration of
private power without equal in history
is growing.
This concentration is seriously im
pairing the economic effectiveness of
private enterprise as a way of pro
viding employment for labor and cap
ital and as a way of assuring a more
equitable distribution of income and
earnings among the people of the Na
tion as a whole.
Concentration of Power.
I. The growing conceptration of
economic power.
Statistics of the Bureau of Internal
Revenue reveal the following amazing
figures for 1935:
Ownership of corporate assets:
Of all corporations reporting from
every part of the Nation, one-tenth
of 1 per cent of them owned 52 per
cent of the assets of all of them; and
to clinch the point :
ui an corporations reporting, less
than 5 per cent of them owned 87 per
cent of all the assets of all of them.
Income and profits of corporations:
Of all the corporations reporting
from every part of the country, one
tenth of 1 per cent of them earned 50
per cent of the net income of all of
them;
And to clinch the point:
Of all the manufacturing corpora
tions reporting, less than 4 per cent of
them earned 84 per cent of all the net
profits of all of them.
The statistical history of modern
times proves that in times of depres
sion concentration of business speeds
up. Bigger business then has larger
opportunity to grow still bigger at the
expense of smaller competitors who
arc weakened by financial adversity.
The danger of this centralization in
a handful of huge corporations is not
reduced or eliminated, as is cometimes
urged, by the wide public distribution
of their securiites. The mere number
of security holders gives little clue to
the size of their individual holdings
or to their actual ability to have a
voice in the management. In fact the
concentration of stock ownership of
corporations in the hands of a tiny
minority of the population matches
the concentration of corporate assets.
C'onrentrations Cited.
The year 1929 was a banner year for
distribution of stock ownership. But
in that year three-tenths of 1 per
cent of our population received 78
per cent of the dividends reported by
individuals. This has roughly the
same effect as if, out of every 300 per
sons in our population, one person
received 78 cents out of every dollar
of corporate dividends while the other
299 persons divided up the other 22
cents between them.
The effect of this concentration is
reflected in the distribution of na
tional income.
A recent study by the National Re
sources Ccmmittee shows that in 1935
36:
Forty-seven per cent of all American
families and single individuals living
alone had incomes of less than $1,000
for the year, and at the other end of
the ladder a little less than 1>2 per
cent of the Nation's families received
incomes which in dollars and cents
reached the same total as the incomes
of the 47 per cent at the bottom:
Furthermore, to drive the point
home, the Bureau of Internal Revenue
reports that estate tax returns in
1936, show that:
Thirty-three per cent of the prop
erty which was passed by inheritance
was found in only 4 per cent of all the
reporting estates. (And the figures of
concentration would be far more im
pressive if we included all the smaller
estates which, under the law, do not
have to report.)
Liberty Endangered.
We believe in a way of living in
which political democracy and free
private enterprise for profit should
serve and protect each other—to insure
a maximum of human liberty not for a
few but for all.
It has been well said that “the
freest government, if it could exist,
w'ould not be long acceptable, if the
tendency of the laws were to create a
rapid accumulation of property in few
hands, and to render the great mass of
the population dependent and penni
less.”
Today many Americans ask the un
easy question: Is the vociferation that
our liberties are in danger Justified by
the facts?
Today’s answer on the part of av
erage men and women in every part
of the country is far more accurate
than it would have been in 1929—for
the very simple reason that during the
past nine years we have been doing a
lot of common sense thinking. Their
answer is that if there is that danger
it comes from that concentrated pri
vate economic power which is strug
gling so hard to master our demo
cratic government. It will not come
as some (by no means all) of the
possessors of that private power would
make the people believe—from our
democratic government itself.
" Financial Control of Industry.
II. Financial control over industry:
Even these statistics I have cited
do not measure the actual degree of
concentration of control over Amer
ican industry.
Close financial control, through in
terlocking spheres of influence over
channels of investment, and through
the use of financial devices like holding
companies and strategic minority in
terests. creates close control of the
business policies of enterprises which
masquerade as independent units.
That heavy hand of integrated fi
nancial and management control lies
upon large and strategic areas of
American industry. The small busi
ness man is unfortunately being driven
into a less and less independent posi
tion in American life. You and I
must admit that.
Private enterprise is ceasing to be
free enterprise and is becoming a clus
ter of private collectivisms: masking
itself as a system of free enterprise
after the American model, it is in fact
becoming a concealed cartel system
after the European model.
We all want efficient industrial
growth and the advantages of mass
production. No one suggests that we
return to the hand loom or hand
forge. A series of processes involved
in turning out a given manufactured
product may well require one or more
huge mass production plants. Mod
ern efficiency may call for this. But
modern efficient mass production is
not furthered by a central control
which destroys competition between
industrial plants each capable of ef
ficient mass production while operat
ing as separate units. Industrial ef
ficiency does not have to mean indus
trial empire building.
Banker Control of Industry.
And Industrial empire building, un
fortunately, has evolved into banker
control of industry. We oppose that.
Such control does not offer safety
for the investing public. Investment
judgment requires the disinterested
appraisal of other people’s manage
ment. It becomes blurred and dis
torted if it is combined with the con
flicting duty of controlling the man
agement it is supposed to judge.
Interlocking financial controls have
taken from American business much
of its traditional virility, independence,
adaptability and daring—without com
pensating advantages. They have not
given the stability they promised.
Business enterprise needs new vital
ity and the flexibility that comes from
the diversified efforts, independent
judgments and vibrant energies of
thousands upon thousands of inde
pendent business men.
The individual must be encouraged
to exercise his own judgment and to
venture his own small savings, not in
stock gambling but in new enterprise
investment. Men will dare to com
pete against men but not against
giants.
Competition's Decline.
III. The decline of competition and
its effects on employment:
In output per man or machine, we
are the mast efficient industrial nation
on earth.
In the matter of complete mutual
employment of capital and labor we
are among the least efficient.
Our difficulties of employing labor
and capital are not new. We have had
them since good free land gave out in
the West at the turn of the century'.
They were old before we undertook
changes in our tax policy or in our
labor and social legislation. They were
caused not by this legislation, but by
the same forces which caused the
legislation. The problem of bringing
idle men and idle money together will
not be solved by abandoning the for
ward steps we have taken to adjust the
burdens of taxation more fairly and
to attain social Justice and security.
If you believe with me in private
initiative, you must acknowledge the
right of well-managed small business
to expect to make reasonable profits.
You must admit that the destruction
of this opportunity follows concen
tration of control of any given indus
try into a small number of domi
nating corporations.
One of the primary causes of our
present difficulties lies in the disap
pearance of price competition in many
industrial fields, particularly in basic
manufacture where concentrated eco
nomic power is most evident—and
where rigid prices and fluctuating pay
rolls are general.
Managed Prices—Fewer Jobs.
Managed industrial prices mean i
fewer jobs. It is no accident that, in !
industries like cement and steel, where
prices have remaind firm in the face
of falling demand, pay rolls have
shrunk as much as 40 and 50 per cent
in recent months. Nor is it mere
chance that in most competitive in
dustries where prices adjust them
selves quickly to falling demand, pay
rolls and employment have been far
better maintained. By prices we mean,
of course, the prices of the finished
articles and not the wages paid to
workers.
When prices are privately managed
at levels above those which would be
determined by free competition, every
body pays.
The contractor pays more for ma
terials; the home-buider pays more for
his house; the tenant pays more rent;
and the worker pays in lost work.
Even the Government itself is un
able. in a large range of materials, to
obtain competitive bids. It is repeat
edly confronted with bids identical to
the last cent.
Our housing shortage is .a perfect
example of how ability to control prices
interferes with the ability of private
enterprise to fill the needs of the com
munity and provide employment for
capital and labor.
Cannot Adjust Itself.
On the other hand we have some
lines of business, large and small,
which are genuinely competitive.
Often these competitive industries
must buy their basic products from
monopolistic industry, thus losing, and
causing the public to lose, a large part
of the benefit of their own competitive
policy. Furthermore, in times of re
cession, the practices of monopolistic
industries make it difficult for busi
ness or agriculture, which is competi
tive and which does not curtail pro
duction below normal needs, to find
a market for its goods even at reduced
prices. For at such times a large
number of customers of agriculture
and competitive industry are being
thrown out of work by those non-com
petitive industries which choose to
hold their prices rather than to move
their goods and to employ their
workers.
ii private enterprise leit to its own
devices becomes half-regimen ted and
half-competitive, half-slave and half
free, as it is today, it obviously cannot
adjust itself to meet the needs and
the demands of the country.
Most complaints for violations of the
anti-trust laws are made by business
men against other business men. Even
the most monopolistic business man
disapproves of all monopolies but his
owti. We may smile at this as being
just an example of human nature, but
we cannot laugh away the fact that
the combined effect of the monopolis
tic controls which each business group
imposes for its own benefit inevitably
destroys the buying power of the Na
tion as a whole.
Competition Not Exploitation.
IV. Competition does not mean ex
ploitation.
Competition, of course, like all other
good things, can be carried to excess.
Competition should not extend to
fields where it has demonstrably bad
social and economic consequences. The
exploitation of child labor, the chisel
ing of workers’ wages, the stretching
of workers’ hours, are not necessary,
fair or proper methods of competition.
I have consistently urged a Federal
wage and hours bill to take the mini
mum decencies of life for the working
man and woman out of the field of
competition.
It is, of course, necessary to operate
the competitive system of free enter
prise intelligently. In gauging the
market for their wares, business men,
like the ‘farmers, should be given all
possible information by Government
and by their own associations so that
they may act with knowledge and not
on impulse. Serious problems of tem
porary overproduction can and should
be avoided by disseminating informa
tion that will discourage the produc
tion of more goods than the current
markets can possibly absorb or th<
accumulation of dangerously large in
ventories for which there is no ob
vious need.
Special Treatment.
It Is, of course, necessary to en
courage rises in the level of those
competitive prices, such as agricultural
prices, which must rise to put our
price structure into more workable
balance and make the debt burden
more tolerable. Many such competi
tive prices are now too low.
It may at times be necessary to
give special treatment to chronically
sick industries which have deteriorated
too far for natural revival, especially
those which have a public or quasi
public character.
But generally over the field of in
dustry and finance we must revive
and strengthen competition if we
wish to preserve and make workable
our traditional system of free private
enterprise.
The Justification of private profit
is private risk. We cannot safely
make America safe for the business
man who does not want to take the
burdens and risks of being a busi
ness man.
The Course to eft Taken.
V. The choice before us.
Examination of methods of con
ducting and controlling private enter
prise which keep it from furnishing
jobs or income or opportunity for one
third of the population is long over
due on the part of those who sincerely
want to preserve the system of private
enterprise for profit.
No people, least of all a democratic
people, will be content to go without
work or to accept some standards of
living which obviously and woefully
falls short of their capacity to pro
duce. No people, least of all a people
with our traditions of personal liberty,
will endure the slow erosion of oppor
tunity for the common man, the op
pressive sense of helplessness under
the domination of a few, which are
overshadowing our whole economic
life.
A discerning magazine of business
has editorially pointed out that big
business collectivism in industry com
pels an ultimate collectivism in Gov
ernment.
The power of a few to manage the
economic life of the Nation must be
diffused among the many or be trans
ferred to the public and its demo
cratically responsible government. If
prices are to be managed and adminis
tered. if the Nation's business is to be
allotted by plan and not by competi
tion. that power should not be vested
in any private group or cartel, however
benevolent its professions profess to
be.
Those people, in and out of the halls
of Government, who encourage the
growing restriction of competition
either by active efforts or by passive
resistance to sincere attempts to
change the trend, are shouldering a
terrific responsibility. Consciously, or
unconciously, they are working for
centralized business and financial con
trol. Consciously or unconsciously,
they are therefore either working for
control of the Government itself by
business and finance or the other al
ternative—a growing concentration of
public power in the Government to
cope with such concentration of pri
vate power.
The enforcement of free competition
is the least regulation business can
expect.
Program Outlined.
VI, A program.
The traditional approach to the
problems I have discussed has been
through the anti-trust laws. That ap
proach we do not propose to abandon.
On the contrary, although we must
recognize the inadequacies of the ex
isting laws, we seek to enforce them
so that the public shall not be deprived
of such protection as they afford. To
enforce them properly requires thor
ough Investigation not only to discover
such violations as may exist but to
avoid hit-and-miss prosecutions harm
ful to business and Government alike.
To provide for the proper and fair
enforcement of the existing anti-trust
laws I shall submit, through the bud
get, recommendations for a deficiency
appropriation of $200,000 for the De
partment of Justice.
But the existing anti-trust laws are
inadequate—most importantly be
cause of new financial economic con
ditions with which they are powerless
to cope.
The Sherman Act was passed nearly
40 years ago. The Clayton and Fed
eral Trade Commission Acts were
passed over 20 years ago. We have had
considerable experience under those
acts. In the meantime we have had
a chance to observe the practical
operation of large-scale industry and
to learn many things about the com
petitive system which we did not know
in those days.
We have witnessed the merging out
of effective competition in many fields
of enterprise. We have learned that
the so-called competitive system
works differently in an industry where
there are many independent units
from the way it works in an industry
where a few large producers dominate
the market.
Protection to Community.
We have also learned that a realis
tic system of business regulation has
to reach more than consciously im
moral acts. The community is inter
ested in economic results. It must be
protected from economic as well as
moral wrongs. We must find practi
cal controls over blind economic forces
as well as over blindly selfish men.
Government can deal and should
deal with blindly selfish men. But
that is a comparatively small part—
the easier part—of our problem. The
larger, more important and more dif
ficult part of our problem is to deal
with men who are not selfish and who
are good citizens, but who cannot see
the social and economic consequences
of their actions in a modern economi
cally interdependent community. They
fail to grasp the significance of some
of our most vital social and economic
problems because they see them only
in the light of their own personal ex
perience and not in perspective with
the experience of other men and other
Industries. They, therefore, fail to see
these problems for the Nation as a
whole.
Study Recommended.
To meet the situation I have de
scribed, there should be a thorough
study of the concentration of economic
power in American industry and the
effect of that concentration upon the
decline of competition. There should
be an examination of the existing
price system and the price policies of
industry to determine their effect upon
the general level of trade, upon em
ployment, upon long-term profits and
upon consumption. The study should
not be confined to the traditional anti
trust field. The effects of tax, patent
and other Government policies cannot
be ignored.
The study should be comprehensive
and adequately financed. I recom
mended and appropriation of not less
la
than $500,000 for the conduct of such
comprehensive study by the Federal
Trade Commission, the Department of
Justice, the Securities and Exchange
Commission, and such other agencies
of government as have special experi
ence in various phases of the inquiry.
I enumerate some of the items that
should be embraced in the proposed
study. The items are not intended to
be all inclusive. One or two of the
items, such as bank holding companies
and investment trusts, have already
been the subject of special study and
legislation concerning these need not
be delayed.
Better Legal Procedure.
(1) Improvement of anti-trust pro
cedure. A revision of the existing
anti-trust laws should make them sus
ceptible of practical enforcement by
casting upon those charged with vio
lations the burden of proving facts
peculiarly within their knowledge.
Proof by the Government of Identical
bids, uniform price increases, price
leadership, higher domestic than ex
port prices, or other specified price
rigidities might be accepted as prima
facie evidence of unlawful actions.
The Department of Justice and the
Federal Trade Commission should be
given more adequate and effective
power to investigate whenever there1
is reason to believe that conditions
exist or practices prevail which violate
the provisions or defeat the objectives
of the anti-trust laws. If investigation
reveals border-line' cases where legiti
mate co-operative eflorts to eliminate
socially and economically harmful
methods of competition in particular
industries are thwarted by fear of
possible technical violations of the
anti-trust laws, remedial legislation
should be considered.
as a really enecuve deterrent to
personal wrong-doing, I would sug
gest that where a corporation is en- j
joined from violating the law, the
court might be empowered to enjoin
the corporation for a specified period
of time from giving any remunerative
employment or any official position to
any person who has been found to
bear a responsibility for the wrongful
corporate action.
As a further deterrent to corporate
wrong-doing the Government might
well be authorized to withhold Govern
ment purchases from companies guilty
of unfair or monopolistic practice.
Rigid Scrutiny of Mergers.
(2) Mergers and interlocking rela
tionship. More rigid scrutiny through
the Federal Trade Commission and
the Securities and Exchange Commis
sion of corporate mergers, consolida
tions and acquisitions than that now
provided by the Clayton Act to prevent
their consummation when not clearly
in the public interest; more effective
methods for breaking up interlocking
relationships and like devices for be
stowing business by favor.
(3) Financial controls. The opera
tion of financial institutions should be
directed to serve the interests of in
dependent business and restricted
against abuses which promote concen
trations of power over American in- I
dustry.
* A) investment trusts, investment
trusts should be brought under strict
control to insure their operations in
the interests of their investors rather
than their managers. The Securities
and Exchange Commission is to make ,
a report to Congress on the results of :
a comprehensive study of investment
trusts and their operations, which it
has carried on for nearly two years. 1
The investment trust, like the holding
company, puts huge aggregations of
the capital of the public at the di
| rection of a few managers. Unless
properly restricted, it has potentialities
of abuse second only to the holding
■ company as a device for the further
centralization of control over American
industry and American finance.
The tremendous investment funds
controlled by our great insurance com
panies have a certain kinship to in
vestment trusts, in that these com
panies invest as trustees the savings of
millions of our people. The Securities
and Exchange Commission should be
authorized to make an investigation
of the facts relating to these invest
ments with particular relation to theier
use as an instrument of economic
power.
Bank Holding Firms Hit.
(B> Bank holding companies.
It is hardly necessary to point out
the great economic power that might
be wielded by a group which may suc
ceed in acquiring domination over
banking resources in any considerable
area of the country. That power be
comes particularly dangerous when it
is exercised from a distance, and
notably so when effective control is
maintained without the responsibilities
of complete ownership.
We have seen the multiplied evils
which have arisen from the holding
company system in the case of public
utilities, where a small minority own
ership has been able to dominate a
far-flung system.
We do not want those evils re
peated in the banking field, and we.
should take steps now to see that
they are not.
It is not a sufficient assurance
against the future to say that no
great evil has yet resulted from hold
ing company operations in this field.
The possibilities of great harm are
inherent in the situation.
Legislation Now Asked.
I recommend that the Congress en
act at this session legislation that will
effectively control the operation of
bank holding companies; prevent hold
ing companies from acquiring control
of any more banks, directly or indi
rectly; prevent banks controlled by
holding companies from establishing
any more branches, and make it illegal
for a holding company or any corpo
ration or enterprise in which it is
financially interested, to borrow or sell
securities to a bank in which it holds
stock.
I recommend that this bank legis
lation make provision for the gradual
separation of banks from holding
company control or ownership, allow
ing a reasonable time for this ac
complishment—time enough for it to
be done in an orderly manner and
without causing inconvenience to com
munities served by holding company
banks.
(4) Trade associations. Supervision
and effebtive publicity of the activities
of trade associations and a clarification
and delineation of their legitimate
spheres of activity which will enable
them to combat unfair methods of
competition but which will guard
against their interference with legiti
mate competitive practices.
(5) Patent laws. Amendment of
the patent laws to prevent their use
to suppress inventions and to create
industrial monopolies. Of course such i
amendment should not deprive the in
ventor of his royalty rights, but gen
erally speaking, future patents might
be made available for use by any
one upon payment of appropriate roy
alties. Open patent pools have volun
tarily been put Into effect in a number
Of important industries with whole
some results.
Tax Corrections Asked.
‘6> Tax C0rrpctives- Tax policies
should be devised to give affirmative
encouragement to competitive enter
prise.
Attention might be directed to in
creasing the intercorporate dividend
tax to discourage holding companies
and to further graduating the cor
poration income tax according to size.
The graduated tax need not be so
high as to make bigness impracticable,
but might be high enough to make
bigness demonstrate its alleged su
perior efficiency.
We have heard much about the un
distributed profits tax. When it was
enacted two years ago, its objective
was known to be closely related to the
problem of concentrated economic
power and a free capital market
Its purpose was not only to prevent
individuals whose incomes were tax
able in the higher surtax brackets
from escaping personal income taxes
by letting their profits be accumulated
as corporate surplus. Its purpose was
also to encourage the distribution of
corporate profits so that the individual
recipients could freely determine
where they would reinvest in a free
capital market.
It is true that the form of the 1936
tax worked a hardship oh many of
the smaller corporations. Many months
ago i recommended that these in
equities be removed.
research Body Asked.
But in the process of the removal of
inequities, we must not lose sight of
original objectives. Obviously the Na
tion must have some deterrent against
special privileges enjoyed by an ex
ceedingly small group of individuals
under the form of the laws, prior to
1936, whether such deterrent take the
form of an undistributed profits tax or
some other equally or more efficient
method. And obviouslv an undistrib
uted profits tax has a reai value in
working against a further concentra
tion of economic power and in favor
of a freer capital market.
<7) Bureau of Industrial Economics
Creation of a bureau of industrial eco
nomics which should be endowed with
adequate powers to supplement and
supervise the collection of industrial
statistics by trade associations. Such
a bureau should perform for business
men functions similar to those per
formed for the farmers by the Bu
reau of Agricultural Economics.
It should disseminate current statis
tical and other information regarding
market conditions and be in a position
to warn against the dangers of tempo
rary overproduction and excessive in
ventories as well as against the dangers
of shortages and bottleneck conditions
orL? enco„urage the maintenance of
orderly markets. It should studv trade
?r;r°ns' ,Cn>dit facilltie' and other
conditions which affect the welfare of
the average business man. It should
be able to help small business men to
keep themselves as well informed a??
trade conditions as their big competi
To Make It Work Better.
0 f13" of eood faith will misin
terpret these proposals. Thev de
rive from the oldest American tra
ditions. Concentration of economic
power m the few and the resulting!
unemployment of labor and capital
are inescapable problems for a mod'
ern "private enterprise" democracy
I do not believe that we are so lack-e
ing m stability that we will lose iaith
in our own way of living just because
ye seek to find out how to make thgt
way of living work more effectively.
This program should appeal to th#
honest common sense of even,- in
dependent business man interested
primarily in running his own business
at a profit rather than in controlling
the business of other men.
It is not intended as the beginning
of any ill-considered "trust-busting"
activity which lacks proper consider
ation for economic results.
It is a program to preserve private
enterprise for profit by keeping it
free enough to be able to utilize all
our resources of capital and labor at
a profit.
It is a program whose basic pur
pose is to stop the progress of col
lectivism in business and turn busi
ness back to the democratic competi
tive order.
It is a program whose basic thesis is
not that the system of free private
enterprise for profit has failed in this
generation, but that it has not yet
been tried.
Once it is realized that business
monopoly in America paralyzes the
system of free enterprise on which it
is grafted, and is as fatal to those who
manipulate it as to the people who
suffer beneath its impositions, action
by the Government to eliminate these
artificial restraints will be welcomed
by industry throughout the Nation.
For idle factories and idle workers
profit no man.
FLOWERS
Spray., $3 up £?
CEDAR HILL
Washington's Most Beautiful
CEMETERY
LISTEN TO THE
SUNDAY PLAYERS
EVERY SUNDAY
AT 1 P.M.—WJSV
I
I_
In U.iE Ur THE
LARGEST UNDERTAKERS
IN THE WORLD

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