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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 01, 1938, Image 2

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'^'itain Insists on 42,000
Tons Limit—U. S. Asks
No Ship Limits.
Consultation between the United
States and Britain to decide on the
size of the new super-battleships each
will build has reached a deadlock, offi
cials said yesterday.
Britain continues to insist on a size
and limit of 42,000 tons.
The United States continues to in
sist that, in the present state of un
certainty as to the exact nature of
Japan's intentions, no limit at all
should be set,
The United States, as testified to be
fore the Senate Naval Affairs Com
mittee. wants battleships of 45.000 tons
each—but she has not formally in
formed Britain of this fact. She has
simply said no new limit should be
fixed.
The United States consultants. Her
Schel V. Johnson, counselor of the
London Embassy, and Capt. Russell
Willson, naval attache, met once with
the British following the formal an
nouncement by both countries, dated
March 31, of their intention to invoke
the "escalator'' clause in the London
naval treaty of 1936 and build battle
ships bigger than the 35.000 tons the
treaty allowed.
More Instructions Awaited.
That meeting disclosed a complete
disagreement between the two delega
tions. The British are now awaiting
the receipt of further instructions from
Washington to the American consult
ants before meeting with them again.
The question is under discussion
here, but there is no indication of any
change of attitude on the part of
American authorities.
Great Britain wants battleships lim
ited to 42.000 tons because that is the
size at which she believes she can
build them most effectively.
It 1s thought here she arrived at
this decision because of her satis
faction at the performance of her
largest battleship, the Hood, which is
Just over 42.000 tons.
Moreover. Britain prefers 14-inch
guns to 16-inch ones, but she has re
signed herself to using the larger type.
Naval engineers here say the 14
lnch British guns are superior to the
American 14-inch guns, while the
American 16-inch guns are superior
to the 16-inch guns of the British.
France Holding Aloof.
France apparently intends to hold
aloof from further consultations be
tween the United States and Britain.
She formally stated on March 31 that
she would not build battleships bigger
than 35.000 tons unless some other
Continental European power did so. :
She acknowledges the United States'
and Britain's right to build larger
ships, but hopes they will keep the new
limit, if any, as low as possible.
Meanwhile, administration leaders
on Capitol Hill indicated they would
not oppose the Vandenberg amend
ment to the naval expansion bill,
specifying the conditions under which
Congress might authorize battleships j
In excess of 35.000 tons.
Chairman Walsh of the Senate :
Naval Affairs Committee said he ac
cepted ‘'in principle'’ the amendment,
which would require the President to
determine In conferences with Great
Britain and France that other powers
were exceeding the 35.000-ton limit
before Congress could permit the Navy
to build larger ships.
Senator Walsh indicated he w-ould
propose a modification in the Vanden
berg amendment to give the President
discretion to determine whether the
35,000-ton limit was being exceeded.
He contended that conferences with
the other treaty signatories might fail
to produce the desired information.
Administration leaders believed the
Navy bill would go sailing through the
Senate if a satisfactory amendment
along the lines suggested by Senator
Vandenberg. Republican, of Michigan
can be worked out. Senator Nye. Re
publican, of North Dakota, leader of
the opposition, predicted, however, de- i
feat of the bill by a margin of one
vote. The vote probably will be taken
tomorrow or Tuesday.
Secretary Swanson announced yes
terday that bids for building eight
warships would be opened at the Navy
Department June 22
That program comprises four de
stroyers, three submarines and a fleet
tug. Funds are contained in the 1939
naval supply bill.
NINE ENGINEER CORPS
DRIVERS GET AWARDS’

Nine drivers employed by the !
Washington area office of the War ]
Department Engineer Corps have
been presented with awards by the
National Safety- Council for driving
without accident for two years, it
w-as announced yesterday.
The presentation was made Friday
night by Maj. W. D. Luplow, Army j
engineer in charge of this area, w-ho j
commented on the fact that the total |
number of miles driven around Wash
ington by the prize winners equaled
nearly eight times the distance around
the world.
Those who received awards were
Robert L. Harton, Yuell Redmiles,
Charles F. Taylor, Leonard S. Bus- i
tier, Martin J. Fahey. Dennis O’Con
nor, Okie James. Charles D. Hayden ■
and Thomas E. Shuff.
Readers' Guide
and
j News Summary
The Sunday Star, May 1, 1938.
PART ONE.
Main News Section.
FOREIGN.
Comintern rallies world labor with
May Day appeal. Page A-2
U. S. British battleship size parley
reaches deadlock. Page A-2
Chinese menace supply lines of Jap
anese forces. Page A-4
Czech government restricts May Day
demonstrations. Page A-4
Hitler, in Rome this week, holds fate
of Europe's peace. PageA-11
NATIONAL.
Labor Board considers reopening Ford
and Republic cases. Page' A-l
Urging by President held needed to
save wage-hour bill. Page A-l
President speeds to fishing grounds at
22 knots. Page A-3
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
Five reinstated policemen to get $10,000
in back pay. Page A-l
Senators study easier P. W. A. loan
conditions for D. C. Page A-l
Nice says his regime ended 16 years of
road neglect. Page A-3
Planning Com. projecting development
of eastern section D. C. Page B-l
Expert for D. C. reorganization study
to be selected. Page B-l
Fate of three important D. C. bills to be
decided Page B-l
Dr. Kindler urges U. S. music leaders
to aid Walter. Page B-l
SPORTS.
Di Mag.. Gordon hurt in collision as
Yanks trim Nats. Page B-6
Pitt leads in Penn relays as rain hits
record making. Page B-7
Post Office rollers hold drives in tour
ney today. Page B-8
Petroskey runs slab string to 18 as
G. U. beat* Lafayette. Page B-9
Fighting Fox shows Derby class by
win at Jamaica. Page B-10
D. C. Sea Scout* build sturdy boat of
salvaged craft. PageB-11
MISCELLANY.
City news in brief. Page A-9
Obituary. page a-14
Shipping news. PageA-16
Vital statistics. Page A-20
Travel. Page B-5
PART TWO.
Editorial Section.
Editorial articles. Pages C-l-3
Editorials and comment. Page C-2
Letters to The Star. Page C-3
John Clagett Proctor. Page C-4
News features. Pages C-4-5
Automobiles. Page C-6
Dick Mansfield. Page C-6
Stamps. Page C-6
In bridge circles. Page C-6
Fraternities. Page c-7
Cross-word puzzle. Page C-7
Military and veterans'
news. Pages C-7-8
: Civic news. Page C-3
Parent-teacher activities. Page C-9
PART THREE.
Society Section.
Society news Pages D-l-12
Well-known folk. Page D-6
Barbara Bell pattern. Page D-8
Educational. Page D-10
Women's clubs. Page D-ll
PART FOUR.
Financial. Classified.
Capital clearings gain In
month. Page E-l
Stocks are dull. Page E-l
Industry and trade recede. Page E-l
Dow-Jones stock averages. Page E-l
Lost and found. Page E-2
Classified advertising. Pages E-2-14
PART FIVE.
Feature Section.
Amusements. Pages F-1-2
Radio programs. Page F-3
Books. Page F-4
Art notes. Page F-5
Music. Page F-6
Children’s page. Page F-7
ROPER DESCRIBES ADS
AS BEST PUMP-PRIMER
Secretary in Radio Talk Says
Medium Could Be Important
Recovery Factor.
By the Afscdeted Pre»s.
Secretary of Commerce Roper said
last night that advertising could be
an important instrument "in the proc
ess of business recovery and stability." I
In a radio speech, the Commerce ■
Department head described advertising
as "an agency that creates forward
movements" and said "it is the best
of all 'pump priming' in the category
of business."
Secretary Roper made his comment
in a speech dedicating the new Holly
wood studios of the Columbia Broad
casting System.
-0
SHOT IN CHEST, LIVES
D. C. Man Wounded Self, Police
Are Informed.
Benjamin Franklin Pace. 29-year
old filling station attendant, escaped
with a minor flesh wound when he
shot himself in the chest with a .32
caliber pistol at his apartment, 4722
Third street N.W., last night.
Police of the sixth precinct said his
wife. Mrs. Virginia Pace, told them
he shot himself in the left side of the
chest while sitting on the davenport
in their living room. He was treated
at Casualty Hospital.
McKellar Forum Speaker
SENATOR TO BE HEARD ON RECOVERY PROGRAM.
President Roosevelt’s $4,512,000,000
program for relief and recovery will be
discussed by Senator Kenneth McKel
lar of Tennessee in the National Radio
Forum tomorrow at 9:30 p.m. (E. S. T.)
The National Radio Forum Is ar
range by The Washington Star and
broadcast over a Nation-wide network
of the National Broadcasting Co. It is
heard locally over Station WMAL.
Senator McKellar is the ranking
Democratic member of the Senate
Appropriations Committee after the
chairman. He is thoroughly in sym
pathy with the plans of the President
to relieve unemployment and to en
courage re-employment by private
business.
The President's program looks to
the expenditure of $1,250,000,000 for
w-ork-relief in the seven-month period
from July to February. It also pro
vides for nearly $1,500,000,000 in loans
for public works. The third item is a
large fund to be loaned by the Recon
struction Finance Corp. to private
business and to the States.
SENATOR KENNETH
I McKELLAR. I
Comintern Calls for Front
as Soviets Prepare
Show of Might.
Bv the Associated Press,
MOSCOW, April 30 —A May Day
manifesto Issued by the Communist
International today called upon So
cialist and trade union internationals
“to form a united workers’ front
against Japanese, German and Italian
aggression.”
The appeal was published as thou
sands of troops and hundreds of war
weapons were massed in Moscow for
Soviet Russia's military display in
Red Square tomorrow in celebration
of May Day.
“The May Day review of revolu
tionary forces of the international
proletariat has unusual and militant
significance this year,” the mani
festo said. “Never since the World
War has there been such a sharp
international situation as at present."
Review of Readiness.
That tomorrow's demonstration
would be a show of national might
rather than a display of proletarian
ism was emphasized in newspapers,
which referred to the parade as a
“review of our mobilized readiness."
Slogans officially announced for ban
ners also proclaimed pride in the
red army, navy and air force.
May Day preparations confirmed
rumors of a further purge in the Red
army, when the names of three high
officers were omitted from orders in
connection with the parade.
The officers were Marshal A. I.
Yegoroff, vice commissar of defense;
Comdr. I. p. BelofI, stationed at
Minsk in Soviet White Russia, and
Gen. P. E. Dybenko, commander of
the strategically important Leningrad
military district. Rumors of their re
moval had circulated since February
without confirmation.
All three of the officers were mem
bers of a court-martial which sen
tenced eight generals to death last
June.
Aim to Attack Russia Charged.
The May Day manifesto said "one
fourth of humanity" was at war and
that Germany was threatening
Czechoslovakia, France, Lithuania,
Belgium, Switzerland, the Netherlands,
the Balkans and the Scandinavian
countries in an effort to get raw
materials and man power "for a great
war" against Soviet Russia.
Great Britain also was denounced
and accused of waiting to share China
with Japan and "clandestinely direct
ing" German Fascism "eastward
against the country of the Soviet."
The manifesto said the responsibility
of the United States, Britain and
France in the various conflicts lay in
their tolerance of Fascist aggression.
"War is not to be avoided by per
mitting instigators to rob and kill
other people," it continued. "Wars
are averted by a firm policy of timely
curbing of the Fascist robbers. They
cynically lie to you who assert the
governments of England. France and
the United States are powerless to halt
international Fascist plundering.”
World Labor Front Spurred.
In recent years little attention has
been given in Soviet Russia to inter
national labor solidarity. Numerous
banners being prepared for tomorrow’s
parade, however, emphasized this idea.
"Let us strengthen the international
ties of the working class of the U. S.
S. R. with the working class in capi
talist countries." was one slogan.
"Up with the banner of international
proletarian solidarity.” was another.
Units which will take the oath of
allegiance to the Soviet in tomorrow's
ceremonies have been rehearsing for
the parade for the past several nights.
Moscow was ablaze with red bunt
ing and red flags. Gigantic pictures
and statues of Bolshevism's founding
fathers—Marx, Engels. Lenin and
Stalin—looked down from the fronts
of buildings in downtown squares.
I»ndon Takes Precautions.
LONDON, April 30 (A1).—Remem
bering past May Day clashes between
Leftist workers and Sir Oswald Mos
ley's Blackshirts, London authorities
today canceled Sunday leave for
hundreds of policemen.
Upwards of 50,000 paraders under
auspices of the Labor party and the
Trades Union Congress will converge
on Hyde Park in six columns for
the day's big rally under the slogan
"arms for the Spanish government.”
Sir Oswald's small Black Shirt band
will march through hostile districts
for its own meeting. Sir Oswald has
dropped the word "Fascists" as the
name of the organization which is
now "British Union.”
Marchers of both groups have been
banned from the big East End area
for months, but that has not stopped
head cracking.
Mexicans Parade Today.
MEXICO CITY, April 30 </P).—
Mexico labor will stage a mammoth
parade tomorrow In May Day celebra
tion of progress toward its goal of a
“democracy of workers.”
Union members who have drilled
in Mexico's side streets for the parade
counted two major steps toward their
goal in the last two months: Expro
priation of foreign oil companies
March 18, and completion of plans to
deliver the national railways to em
ployes.
The Railway Workers’ Union for
mally -will begin operation of the rail
ways at«midmght under an agreement
with the government, which took over
the system last June. The union is
to give the government 5.64 per cent
of the gross revenues starting next
year.
Labor leaders voiced a hope that
workers would show such strength in
tomorrow's demonstration as to over
awe “any rightist who is discontented
with the present trend and is thinking
of starting trouble.”
President Cardenas has said that
“the people’s army is eager to put
an end to any anti-patriotic upris
ing.” This statement has been taken
as a warning that any attempted
rightist coup would be crushed.
French Workers to Parade.
PARIS, April 30 (JP).—The French
Army, traditionally kept in its bar
racks over May Day to guard against
riots, received permission today for
its usual Sunday leave. This presaged
a quiet French May Day celebration.
Supporters of the Peoples’ Front will
parade from the Bastille to the Bols
de Vincennes outside the capital.
Other meetings of workers will be
held throughout the country.
TAX COLLECTIONS HEAVY.
American citieens last year paid
$12,500,000,000 In taxes, or about 9
per cent more than they spent for
food, 25 per /sent more than for rent,
and over twice a$ much as for cloth
ing.
L 5
Germans, Linked to Japanese? :
Co-operate With Russian Foes
To Save China From Nippon
The strange spectacle of Ger
man and Russian officers working
together tn China for the defeat
of Japan is discussed here in the
first of a series of five articles
by a noted foreign correspondent.
The writer, since 1924, has watched
history in the making in the capi
tals *>/ Europe and Asia and has
interviewed many of the world's
leading figures. He is the author
of “Inside Europe’’ and has con
tributed articles on various aspects
of world affairs to many magazines.
BY JOHN GUNTHER.
HANKOW, China, April 30 (N AN.
A ).—Not everything is totalitarian in
this totalitarian world after all. Here
in China, behind the lines in Hankow,
you have the perplexing and exhilarat
ing spectacle of Germans and Russians
fighting on the same side.
Ten thousand miles away, Hitler and
Spain, political and ideological ene
mies, are snapping at each other;
here in Hankow, the heart of Chinese
resistance against Japan, German ad
visers and Russian pilots—even though
they don't kiss in public—are co-oper
ating.
The German advisers are mostly re
tired officers of the Reichswehr who
have been in China for some years
as technical assistants to Generalis
simo Chiang Kai-shek. No one knows
exactly how many are serving China;
best estimates say between 40 and 60.
There are also some German non
military experts, for instance, engi
neers.
The military Germans, the most
skilled type of professional officer,
were originally Imported by the gen
eralissimo as Instructors, Their first
chief was Col. Max Bauer, who died
of smallpox, and was in time suc
ceeded by Gen. von Seeckt, a former
chief of staff of the Reichswar. At
present their leader is Gen. Baron
Alexander von Falkenhausen, a tall,
slim officer with thick-lensed pince
nez, who looks like a professor and who
is one of the most cool-headed strate
gists ever produced by the German
high command. Another prominent
German officer is Capt. Waither
Stinnes, who is head of Chiang Kai
shek's bodyguard. Mast of the Ger
mans are known as "Ludendorff men”;
that is, they were comrades in arms
or students of the late Gen. Luden
dorff, often called the greatest soldier
produced by the World War.
The German advisers have risen
steeply in importance in the last few
months. At first. Generalissimo Chiang
wanted to fight his war against Japan
in his own wav; he listened to the
Germans, but sometimes overruled
them. Every one in Hankow knows
that the Germans wanted Chiang to
handle the defense of Shanghai differ
ently, and that did not advise a back
to-the-wall stand in Nanking. Chiang
lost Nanking. The Germans were
proved right. Now Chiang listens to
ihem more carefully. Result: The
formidable success of "Chinese" strate
gy in the recent battles above Sucrow,
when crack Japanese troops were sur
rounded and almost annihilated—the
first field defeat of Japanese infantry
in history.
Gen. von. Falkenhausen and his
men are indispensable. A close-knit
elite corps of superbly trained officers
Is at Chiang's disposal.
Not only do they assist in matters
of strategy and tactics; they train Chi
nese troops. No fewer than 500.000
Chinese soldiers have been reorganized
into 31 new divisions since January 1.
German instructors did this Job, even
though there were not enough
German officers for one to be attached
to each individual division.
Naturally the Japanese have tried
to exert pressure on Berlin—since
Japan and Germany are allies in the
anti-Comintern pact—to have the
Germans recalled. The Japanese are
outraged at having to fight Chinese
divisions trained by Germans. But
members of the Chinese high com
mand knew that this would happen;
they confidentially polled the German
staff Just before the war. asking each
man what his attitude would be
in the event of hostilities against
Japan. Any who feared complica
tions with Berlin and who wanted i
to quit were told they might freely
do so. Ninety-eight pier cent said
that they wopld stay in China and
remain loyal to their Chinese obli
gations.
As a matter of fact, though the
Germans are stanchly patriotic Ger
mans, believing in a strong Germany,
some of them have reason not to be
too fond of Hitler personally. They
perform the complex straddle of be
ing pro-German, but somewhat anti
Nazi. The brother of one officer was
shot in the Hitler purge in June. 1934.
Another came to China straight from
a German concentration camp.
Germany Sends Munitions.
A curious point is that the German
government, despite its theoretical
friendship with Japan, is not nearly
so anti-Chinese as the Japanese would
like it to be. For instance, it is an
open secret that about 60 per cent of
China's munitions come from Ger
many.
Recently a German medical mis
sion arrived in Hankow, dispatched
all the way from Berlin by the Ger
man Red Cross. One member. Dr.
Oskar Trautmann, is the son of the
German Ambassador to China. Forty
carloads of German medical supplies,
valued at about $200,000, are said to
be enroute to China, donated by Ger
man factories and other organizations.
No wonder the Japanese are arrgry.
Again, direct contact between Han
kow and Hong Kong, which is vital
to Chinese administration, is possible
only by the airplanes of the Eurasia
service, which is a partly German
concern and which flies exclusively
German planes with German pilots.
The Eurasia planes make a Hankow
Hong Kong shuttle five times a week.
So far, the Japanese have not dared—
or cared—to shoot one down.
Reich Trade Hurt.
The reason for this is fairly obvious.
Germany doesn’t very passionately
want Japan to conquer all of China.
Berlin might not mind if the Japa
nese nipped off the five northern
provinces, but complete Japanese oc
cupation of China as a whole does not
fit German plans. First, it might im
pede German trade with China, which
was soaring until the war broke out.
Second, in the event of a general Eu
ropean war, or a world war, Ger
many would not like to see Japan
weakened by a long and indecisive
Chinese campaign.
The Germans In Hankow, self-suf
ficient and homogeneous, live by them
selves. They do not mix with for
eigners much, or even with Chinese
except on official business. Oddly
enough, the building'used by Gen.
von Kalkenhausen as headquarters is
in the old Japanese concession. May
be the Germane calculate that Japa
nese air raider* will sot be tempted
GEN. VON FALKENHAUSEN._
to destroy what Is technically their
own property.
The Russian contingent in Hankow,
a group that keeps to itself even more
aloofly than the Germans, also lives
in the Japanese concession. Mo«t of
the Russians are oilleted in the Japa
nese Club. Students of Irony — and
for that matter any one who remem
bers the antediluvian yesterday when
Chiang was fighting the Communists—
relish the big picture of the gener
alissimo in the main hall, flanked by
portraits of Stalin and Lenin.
No Fraternization.
The Russians and the Germans al
most never meet. They may be fight
ing on the same side, and ultimately
their orders come from the same
source, but there is no fraternization,
no social contact of any kind. Even
the anti-Nazis among the Germans
are wary of the "Reds.”
There are about 120 Russians in
Hankow, and 200 more are coming
soon. They are all pilots. They have
very fast pursuit ships, also powerful
bombers, but so far they have not
been as active as they presumably will
be later. The raid on Formosa in
February was. however, carried out by
Russian planes.
The Russians, like most Russians
everywhere, are attended by an at
mosphere of melodrama and mystery.
They stick to their ships, they obey
orders, they keep their mouths shut,
they avoid the Chinese and foreign
ers alike. One day, I met four of
them, all survivors of a recent dog
fight. One had a broken spine, one
terrible burns on the fare and hands.
The Russians Rive up their Soviet
nationality on taking service in China.
Of course, when they return to Mos
cow, one assumes that they will get
their passports back. They get good
pay in China. But they deserve it.
They are a vital factor. Some Chi
nese, however, think they are a lux
ury, because of the special privileges
they have demanded. One story is
that they lost a good many planes,
because their ships were too fast for
the primitive Chinese landing grounds;
they crashed on delivery. Of course.
Chinese landing grounds are a story in
themselves—the only air fields in the
world which are peripatetic. The
Chinese move them from open space
to open space overnight.
Protested to Litvinov.
Recently, the Japanese Ambassador
Is Moscow protested to Maxim Litvinov,
Soviet foreign minister, at the pres
ence of Russian pilots and planes in
China. Litvinov's reply was neat;
that the Japanese did not yet admit
that a war was taking place in China,
and that therefore the protest was
irrelevant.
The Rusisan government, however,
has done something to soft-pedal Rus
sian assistance to China. Its policy
had been similar to its policy In
Spain: To render some help, but not
too much. Stalin wants his strength
at home, Hankow gossip has it that
Soviet Ambassador Bogomolov and his
military attache were recalled to Mos
sow because Bogomolov gave the Chi
nese too much encouragement. When
the Chinese politician, Sun Fo, son of
Dr. Sun Yat Sen and head of the
legislative Yuan, went to Moscow on
his recent. European trip, he got a
rather cool reception.
The squadron of flyers known as
the ‘ international squadron," a group
mostly of French and American volun
teers, has been demobilized. It was
shot to pieces in recent fighting; only
seven pilots, I was told, survived. Gen
eralissimo Chiang's two personal pilots,
Roy Leonard and Julius Barr, are,
however. Americans; both are mar
velous flyers and indispensable.
France Friendly to Japan.
It is striking that Germans, whose
government lines up with Japan, are
fighting for China: it is even more
striking that France, which one might
assume to be sympathetic to China,
has been friendly to Japan. The best
Japanese fighting planes are modified
French Dewoitines. A report was
heard recently that the French intend
to halt shipment of munitions on their
railway from Haiphong to Yunnanfu,
an important channel for Chinese im
ports of war material.
Another totalitarian paradox is that
t\je Chinese, who dislike the Italians—
Italy and Japan have been playing
closely together, more closely than
Germany and Japan—nevertheless
hope keenly that the Anglo-Itallan
talks will be successful and will result
in a Mediterranean pact. Reason;
China calculates that, if the British
are freed from Italian worries in Eu
rope, they will be free to give China
more support in the Far East.
(Copyright, 1998. by the North Amertiin
Newspaper Alliancg, Inc.)
--•—
REICH DEMANDS LIST
OF FOREIGN CREDITS
All German Residents Outside of
Austria Must Report
by May 20.
By !h* Ash ciated Press.
BERLIN, April 30.—The finance
ministry issued an order tonight that
all foreign credits held by Germans
or persons domiciled in Germany, not
including Austria, must be reported to
the Reichsbank by May 20. The
credits must be reported as they stood
today.
They include bank accounts, securi
ties, loans, mortgages, insurances and
proceeds of inheritances.
It expressly was stated the details
were needed merely for statistical pur
poses and the order was not intended
to involve possible surrender of the
credits.
WASHINGTON EYES
FLORIDA PRIMARY
Contest May Give Glimpse
to Roosevelt Popularity
With Democrats.
By the Asscclated Prei*.
A flve-day contest in Florida Tues
day for the Democratic Senatorial
nomination holds Washington’s lnter
! est because of the * glimpse it may
give of President Roosevelt's present
popularity with Democratic voters.
Three other States—Indiana, Ala
bama and South Dakota—will have
primary elections the same day, but
only in Florida are there elements in
the Democratic primary contests to
test that all-important question of
this year’s political fighting.
The issue is not clear-cut, even In
Florida. It may require a run-oH
primary three weeks later to disclose
what a majority of Florida Democrats
think about party friction over New
Deal measures or presidential han
dling of the recession.
Pepper Seeks Re-election.
The Florida contestants are:
Senator Claude Pepper, staunch New
Dealer, who has won direct indica
tions of White House support.
Representative J. Mark Wilcox, fre
quent foe of Roosevelt measures since
the fight over the court bill last year,
but not campaigning directly as an
anti-Roosevelt candidate.
Former Gov.’Dave Sholtz, allied with
j the White House and the New Deal
in the past almost as closely as Sena
tor Pepper, but campaigning on local
Issues exclusively.
T. C. Merchant, publisher of a
weekly newspaper and. campaigning
on a stay-out-of-war platform, with
out special attention to other national
or party Issues.
anown ^residential Favor.
Findley Moore, head of a Florida
abstract company, also avoiding
Rooseveltlsm or the New Deal as an
i issue.
If Florida Democrats are to fur
nish evidence of any change in Roose
velt popularity due to his second
term setbacks, the vote cast for Sen
ator Pepper should disclose it. He
was shown presidential favor during
Mr. Roosevelt's appearances in Flor
ida last winter, and more recently
j through an indorsement by the Pres
ident's son and secretary, James
Roosevelt.
Yet the actual attitude of Florida
Democrats very possibly must be read
; into the votes cast for both Senator
Pepper and Ex-Gov. Sholtz. In effect
support of Roosevelt Democrats will
be divided between these two. as
Washington political observers under
stand the situation.
Candidacy Discouraged.
There were indications at the time
Mr. Sholtz entered the race that White
House influence was brought to bear to
induce him to stay out, leaving Sena
tor Pepper a clear road. The state
ment by James Roosevelt that "we”
hoped for Senator Pepper's return to
the Senate followed closely Mr.
Sholtzs announcement of his candi
dacy. which had been held up a day
or so while efforts from Washington
| to get him to reconsider were in
progress.
Pepper forces predict his outright
nomination Tuesday. Failing a clear
majority, a run-off primary between
the two high men three weeks later
will be necessary. Both Sholtz and
Wilcox forces predict there will be
such a run-ofT primary and that their
man will fight it out finally with Sena
tor Pepper. If Senator Pepper were
to run third Tuesday, and be out of
the run-off. it would be a distinct
blow to the White House.
FLORIDA G. O. P. PRIMARY.
First Such Balloting In History Is
.- Planned Tusoday.
JACKSONVILLE. Fla., April 30 OP).
—The Republican party for the first
time will hold a State-wide primary in
Florida along with Democrats to select
a candidate for the United States
Senate.
Allen E. Walker of Winter Haven
and Thomas E. Swanson of Fort Lau
derdale are the Republican senatorial
candidates.
For years Democratic nomination in
Florida has been tantamount to elec
tion.
Florida Democrats expect a record
vote in Tuesday's primary. Some vote
estimates as high as 450,000 have
been made. In the 1936 Democratic
primary 328.000 person? voted. Elimi
nation of poll tax payments as a voting
requisite and extension of time for
registration were factors helping swell
the electorate.
40 CHILDREN INSPECT
NEW ANIMAL SHELTER
Protective Association Closes
Kindness Week With
Junior Observance.
More than 40 children turned out
yesterday to Inspect the new animal
shelter of the Animal Protective Asso
ciation of Washington at 3900 Wheeler
road S.E., to conclude the associa
tion's observance of "Be Kind to Ani
mals Week.”
Miss Virginia W. Sargent, head of
the association, said that many of the
children, most of whom are members
of the Junior Animal Protective Asso
ciation. gathered at her home, 322 E
street N.E., and heard explanations of
the purpose of the week and the value
of kindness to animals.
Bobby Briggs, son of one of the
leaders in the association, celebrated
his 7th birthday anniversary at a
party held last night at the new
Wheeler road shelter, which will be
opened officially about the middle of
this month, Miss Sargent said.
SMALLPOX QUELLED
Outbreak at Muscle Shoals In
Hand After 6,000 Vaccinations.
FLORENCE, Ala., April 30 OP).—A
smallpox outbreak at Muscle Shoals
was described by health ’offlcials today
as "well in hand,” after vaccination of
6,000 children and adults.
"All cases have been isolated, the
people are co-operating by becoming
immunized, and there is little danger
of the outbreak spreading to other
sections,” Dr. J. E. Dunn, Louderdale
County officer, reported.
The State Health Department re
ported 22 cases of the disease had oc
curred in or near Florence. No deaths
have been reported.
-•
Moscow, Russia, reports that it
now has 1,100,000 savings bank de
positor*.
Engaged
DU PONT DAUGHTER TO WED
DU PONT EMPLOYE.
LUCILE EVELINA DU PONT,
whose parents, Mr, and Mrs.
Irenee Du Pont, announced
her engagement yesterday at
Wilmington, Del., to Robert
B. Flint of West Cornwall,
Conn., now employed in ex
periment station of Du Pont
company. No wedding date
was announced.—A. P. Photo
from Harris-Ewing.
STAR COMPLETES
WMAL PURCHASE
Station Under N.B.C. Lease
to Serve All Worthy
Local Causes.
Purchase by The Evening Star News
paper Co. of Radio Station WMAL was
completed yesterday under the terms
of a contract between The Star and
the heirs of the M. A. Leese estate,
under which all stock of the M. A
Leese Radio Corp. was transferred
and new directors and officers of the
corporation were elected.
New officers of the corporation who
were elected are: S. H. Kaufmann,
president; Newbold Noyes, vice presi
dent, and William R. Little, secretary
treasurer. These, with George E.
Hamilton, jr., and Fleming Newbold.
constitute the Board of Directors. The
sale was consummated in accordance
with the terms of a contract after the
announcement on Thursday, April 21,
by the Federal Communications Com
mission that it had no jurisdiction
over the purchase. The station is
now operated by the National Broad
casting Co. under an operating lease
from the M. A. Leese Radio Corp.,
this operating lease not being af
fected by the purchase contract.
In an editorial in today's Star it is
recalled that the purchase of Station
WMAL by The Evening Star News
paper Co. is in accordance with the
wishes of the founder of the station,
the late Martin A. Leese, and of the
members of the Leese famiiy. Mr.
Leese's father, the late Martin W.
Leese, was at one time connected with
The Star organization and this re
lationship had resulted in a close
friendship between The Star and the
members of the Leese family.
It was stated on behalf of The Star
and the National Broadcasting Co.,
which will continue the operation of
WMAL, that the policy in conduct of
the station will be to serve the public
! interest and to promote, a.s far as may
be possible, every worthy local cause,
i --• --
FARLEY OPTIMISTIC
Bays Business Spiral Down Has
Been Halted.
JACKSONVILLE, Fla,, April 30 (4».
—Postmaster General James A. Farley,
concluding a swing through the South
east said today "the business spiral
downward has been stopped,”
He said he based his statement on
the business of the Post Office Depart
ment which is regarded as a good
barometer, of the condition of business
as a whole.
April business of the department, he
declared, will show a decided increase
j over the same month of last year.
GOV. LA FOLLETTE
HITS OUTPUT DROP
Blames Decline Since 1918
for Dictatorships—Raps
Share-Wealth Idea.
By the Associated Press.
CEDAR RAPIDS. Iowa. April 30.—
Gov. Phil La Follette of Wisconsin,
prophet of America’s newest third
party movement, here tonight pounded
home his theory of opening the flood
gates of production as the Nation’s
best defense against dictatorship.
The Governor spoke here before an
interstate Progressive rally of 1.000
persons. He previously had received
assurance from the Iowa Farmer
Labor party leaders that they would
”go along” with his party.
Harold L. Peterson of Wilmar,
Minn., secretary of the Farmer-Labor
Association of Minnesota, said the
association’s Central Committee would
meet May 21 at St. Paul to decide
whether to Join the Progressive move
ment.
The Governor declared the graph
line of production of goods has been
failin’ all over the world since 1918.
"That is why democracy has been
falling and dictatorship rising,” he
commented.
Share Wealth Idea Hit.
The speaker offered the three-day
old National Progressive party as a
vehicle for the American people to
junk methods which he said seek to
cure the Nation's Ills by "producing
less.”
He rapped the share-the-.wealth
principle by saying "it clearly needs
no argument that the idea isn't an
answer to the problem of feeding the
Nation if there isn't enough to go
around.”
The Governor attacked the Hoover
administration for lending money to
’’some of us, not all.” through the
Reconstruction Finance Corp. ”so that
we could sit down and wait some
more.”
Government action is needed now,
the Governor declared, to combat de
pressions because "covered wagon re
lief” which gave unemployed men
free land no longer is possible.
Watching Movement.
Howard Y. Williams of St. Paul,
Minn., national organizer of the Farm
er-Labor party limited his statements
on the Progressive party to an expres
sion of confidence in Govs. Elmer Ben
son of Minnesota and La Follette as
the "mast progressive Governors in
the United States.”
Mr. Williams said, however, the Min
nesota organization is "watching the
La Follette movement. feel it
necessary to hold together at progres
sive forces in the country, including
dissatisfied new dealers. Anything we J
can do to bring Progressives together 1
is worthwhile.” '
-0 - ,
RESERVE OFFICERS
REFUSED C.C.C. POSTS j
Roosevelt's Letter to Bulkley 1
States Regular Army Can "
Furnish Commander*.
By the Associated Press.
Senator Bulkley, Democrat, of Ohio
received a letter from President Roose
velt yesterday denying the Senator's ,
request that officers of the Organiwyff
Reserve Corps be reinstated in ccrfi
mand of Civilian Conservative (Corps
districts. f
The President's letter said thaf War
Department had advised the ditrector
of the C. C. C. it could furnish atsuffl
cient number of Regular Army officers
of field grade rank to carry <pn the
necessary supervisory work. )
"This work is now performed by
Regular Army personnel Who. of
course, are permanently on the Fed
eral pay roll," Mr. Roosevelt contin
ued. "Reserve officers of field grade
rank are not called to active duty be
cause of the expense. The corps must
be operated as economically a; pos
sible. We try to utilize wherever pos
sible the personnel of the existing
regvflar governmental agencies."
-■ ■■ •-—
Virginians to Hear Burch.
Representative Burch of Virginia
will be the principal speaker at a
meeting of the Virginia Democratic
Club of Washington. Inc., at 8 p.m
tomorrow at the National Democratic
Club of America, 1500 Rhode Island
avenue N.W.
WEATHER REPORT
District of Columbia—Fair, somewhat warmer this afternoon; tomor- j
row partly cloudy and warmer; gentle northerly winds, becoming variable.
Maryland and Virginia—Generally fair, rising temperature in interior
this afternoon: tomorrow partly cloudy and somewhat warmer.
West Virginia—Fair with slowly rising temperature today; tomorrow In
creasing cloudiness, followed by showers at night.
Weather Condition* l ast 31 Hour*. 1
A disturbance of slight intensity is
moving northeastward over Nova Scotia.
Halifax 29.18 inches, while another,
which is centered on the Middle Atlantic
coast, is moving ranidly eastward. Dela
ware Breakwater 20.80 inches Pressure
is low over Southern Greenland. Juliane
haab 20.14 inches, while a disturbance
is moving eastward over Hudson Bay.
Port Harrison. Quebec, 20.48 inches. Pres
sure is low over the plateau and Rocky
Mountain region. Denver. Colo.. 20,58
inches. A high pressure area is moving
southeastward over the Grand Banks. U.
S C. G . General Greene 30.30 Inches,
while Pressure is relative.,' high from the
Gulf of Mexico east-northeastward over
and beyond Bermuda. St Georges. Ber
muda. 30.18 Inches. A high pressure area
is moving southeast wsrd over the Ohio
Valley and the southern portion of the
lake region. Chicago. 111.. 30.08 inches,
while pressure is rising over the Pacific
States. Eureka. Calif . 30.14 Inches. Dur
ing the last 24 hours there have been
scattered showers in the central valleys,
the Atlantic States, the middle and south
ern Rocky Mountain region, ‘he great
basin and California. Tempers ures have
fallen in the Middle Atlantic States, but
abnormally high temperatures prevail over
the plains States and the lower Missouri
and upper Missouri Valleys.
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah clear at Har
pers Ferry late yesterday.
Report Until 10 P.M. Saturday.
Midnight_62 12 noon_62
2 a.m_ 60 2 p.m_68
4 a.m_ 58 4 p.m._ "1
6 a.m_56 fi p.m_58
8 a m_ 50 8 p m_ 55
10 a.m. _62 10 p.m- 64
Record Until 10 P.M. Saturday.
Highest, 71. at 4 p.m. yesterday. Year
ago. 63.
Lowest. 64. at 10 p.m. yesterday. Year
ago. 48.
Record Temperatures This Year.
Highest. 87. on April 28.
Lowest. 18. on January 28.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High _8:39 am. 0:26 a m.
Low _2:53 a.m. 3:41 a.m.
High _9:08 p.m. 9:58 pm.
Low _ 3:41 p.m. 4:28 p.m.
Th* Sun and Moon.
Rises. Sets.
Sun. today _6:11 7:00
Sun. tomorrow _6:10 7:01
Moon, today _ 6:07 a.m. 8:60 p.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on one
half hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in Inches In the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1938. Avge. Record.
January _ 2.64 3.55 7.83 '37
February _ 2.37 3.27 6.84 ’84
March _ 1.78 3.75 8.84 ’91
April _ 1.88 3.27 9.13 '89
May _ 3.70 10.89 ’89
Juno __ 4.13 10.94 '00
July _ ___ 4.71 10.63 ’86
August ___ 4.01 14.41 '28
September _ __ 3 24 17.45 ’34
etober__ 2.84 a.&j ’37
November__ 2.37 8.99 '89
December__ 8.33 7.88 '01
)
Weather In Various Citlea.
_ Pr*e!p
.-Temperature-, 7:30
Max. Min. Sat Dm.to
Sat- Fr) 7;3(> 7 30
urday.night. Dm. Dm.
Asheville. N. C 64 46 60 0 17
Atlanta. Ga. 84 68 78
Atlantic City. N. J. 64 64 52 n in
Baltimore. Md. 70 50 55 017
Birmingham. Ala. 84 60 78
Bismarck. N. Dak 84 48 80
Boston. Mass. 48 40 p 03
Buffalo. N, V. 44 4'' 44 hot
Cheyenne. Wyo. 74 4" -o 001
Chicago. 111. 60 40 4s -
Cincinnati. Ohio 60 54 60 p 01
Cleveland. Ohio 50 44 44
Dallas. Tex St 66 80
Davenport. Iowa . 70 50 Ac -
Denver. Colo. . 74 5" ?n -
Des Moines. Iowa .76 48 74
Detroit. Mich. 54 40 s’ -
Duluth. Minn. 70 38 8C
E! Paso, Tex 86 60 SO —
Galveston. Tex. .80 7" *« -
Helena. Mont _ _ 74 48 70
Huron. S Dak. __ St 50 si
Indianapolis. Ind. _ Bt 5; bo p'nf
Jacksonville. Fla... p2 66 78 _
Kansas City. Mo. 86 62 82 0.01
Little Rock. Ark. 86 64 84
Los Angeles. Calif 66 48 66 0.24
Louisville. Ky. _ 70 64 68 013
Marquette. Mich... 54 32 54
Memphis. Tenn. ... 82 68 82 O'flt
Miami. Fla. . . §0 64 76 1
Mpls -St. P.. Minn. 72 40 7n
Mobile. Ala. .... 86 68 80 -
New Orleans. La. . 86 70 78 -
New York. N. Y. 64 62 54 0 04
North Platte. Nebr. 82 56 78 *
Omaha. Nebr. __ 86 62 8> -
Philadelphia. Pa... 60 64 52 Ofii
Phoenix. Aril._ 74 60 72 *
Pittsburgh. Pa._60 42 52
Portland, Me.- 50 38 42 ail
Portland. Oreg. . 66 50 64 *
Rapid City, S. Dak. 86 68 84 -
St Louis. Mo 76 58 72 (fii
Salt Lake City. Utah 66 64 44 0 08
San Antonio. Tex. . 84 68 82
San Diego. Calif... 62 48 60 0.20
San Francisco . 58 62 66 0 38
Santa Pe. N. Mex. 68 46 52 on®
Savannah. Gt_80 62 76 °
3eattle. Wash._ 68 40 66 “'.7
Springfield. 111. .. 72 54 70 0 l5
Tampa. Fla _ 84 70 76
Vicksburg. Miss. ... 86 68 80 -
Washington. D. C. 71 56 56 O'bi
896 CASES DOCKETED
N. L. R. B. Cases Increase 41
Rer Cent in H&rch.
The Labor Relations Board docketed
896 new cases in March, a 44 per cent
increase over February.
The board reported yesterday that it
had handled 13,381 cases since Its
Inception in the fall of 1936, Involving
3,398,727 workers. Almost 75 per cent
of these cases have been closed.

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