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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 10, 1938, Image 3

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Approval of Individual Help
Against Japan Asked
by Wellington Koo.
Mr the A'socltted Press.
* GENEVA. May 10 — Dr. V. K. Wel
lington Koo. Chinese delegate to the
League of Nations, today asked the
League Council to apply provisions of
the Covenant in giving China aid
against Japan.
He cited two resolutions, one by the
league Assembly last October and
another by the Council in February,
Which recommended that League
members consider individual aid to
“With one exception,” he said, none
of the League members had come to
China's aid. He did not name the
country which had supplied the help,
but it was believed he referred to
Sonet Russia.
"China expects to receive from other
members of the League material aid
and effective co-operation in restrain
* ing the forces of aggression,” he de
"Such aid and co-operation is more
urgent because it will hasten the ter
mination of hostilities and insure the
defeat of the forces of disorder and
Asks Concrete Measures.
“In the name of my government I
ask the Council to apply provisions
of the Covenant and implement the
resolutions of the Assembly and Coun
cil with concrete measures.
' By such action. Japanese aggres
sion with all its horrors and cruelty
may effectively be brought to an early
end. and the principles of the League,
indispensable for the establishment
‘of durable peace in the world, may be
fully vindicated.”
Ethiopian delegates fighting against
recognition of the Italian conquest of
their land won a temporary success
by obtaining postponement until to
morrow at earliest of the council's
consideration of recognition.
Delegates of Britain and Prance,
having won general council approval
of Britain's new accord with Italy,
had tried to have recognition brought
before an afternoon session. They
favor ending the obligations of League j
members not to recognize Italy's
. seizure of Ethiopia.
The realistic” great powers were i
believed sure to win eventually, for
the morning session showed that Vis
count Halifax. Britain's foreign sec
retary. and French Foreign Minister !
Georges Bonnet had the meeting well I
in hand.
When recognition does come before |
ths council the Ethiopians are ex
pected to make objections to what j
would amount to expunging the fallen
t t^int of Haile Selassie from the list
of nations and from League member
After this members of the council
probably will make a series of decla
rations which will be considered to
have freed them from their non
recognition pledges. It was not ex
pected there would be a vote on the
matter or any similar formal League
After Dr. Koo's speech the chair
man, Wilhelm Munters, Latvian for
eign minister, asked whether any
member had observations to make on
^he Chinese plea. None replied. Mun
ters decided to defer discussion to a :
later session.
Observers held that Dr. Koo had
threatened Britain and France that j
unless they gave her individual aid '
China would appeal to the League |
under Article 17 of the Covenant.
I/>rd Halifax spoke in praise of the
Anglo-Italian accord signed at Rome
April 16, and spokesmen of France,
, Rumania, Poland and Belgium all ex
pressed approval. Foreign Commissar
Maxim Litvinnff, for Soviet Russia,
alone made reservations. He did not
mention Spain, but said Russia hoped
the Anglo-Italian agreement would
not injure the rights and privileges of
other nations.
Accord Called Peace Aid.
Lord Halifax told the Council the
Rome accord was a contribution to
world peace, promoting the ends for
^ which the League was built.
The tall Briton was followed by
Bonnet, who echoed his words in de
fending the French-Italian agreement,
which still is under negotiation.
Lord Halifax said the fact that Brit
ain and Italy were able to reach an
agreement entitled both to claim a
contribution "to the cause of inter
national peace, thereby strengthening
the cause which this great society ex
ists to serve.”
Among the facts Viscount Halifax
cited in defense of the agreement was
President Roosevelt's statement on the
subject, which the British foreign sec
retary said was "particularly gratifying
to his majesty's government.”
• President Roosevelt said April 19
that the United States Government
viewed conclusion of the agreement
"with sympathetic interest, because it!
Is proof of the value of peaceful nego
Spokesmen for China and govern
ment Spain used the Council as a
aounding board for their causes.
Dr. Koo charged that Japan was
using poison gas in the Far Eastern
Serin to Harmonize Accords in Talk
ROME, May 10 (A*).—High Fascists
said today that Premier Mussolini will
take a step toward bringing the Brit
ish-French entente into harmony with
the Rome-Berlin axis in a speech at
Genoa Saturday.
The primary object apparently will
be to dispel fears that grave things
are to come as a result of the German
1 Fuehrer's visit to Rome to emphasize
the solidarity of the Italian-German
Any new collaboration, as Fascists
see it, would not take the form of a
four-power pact, at least for the pres
ent. Both Nazis and Fascists, however,
assert that a formula can be found
for harmonization of the democratic
and the Nazi-Fascist fronts.
The Italo-German conditions ap
pear to be first, elimination of Russia
from Europe, which would mean
weakening of the Franco-Russian al
liance (not presently likely, in the
French view) and of the Czechoslo
vak-Russian treaties: second, dispo
sition of Czechoslovakia as Fuehrer
Hitler wishes (for the protection of
German minorities resident there);
third, colonies for Germany—or con
cessions by Paris and London.
With Fuehrer Hitler’s departure,
the Italian government was ready to
resume bargaining with France on an
accord for peace. A usually informed
source predicted also that conversa
tions would be begun with Yugoslavia
to settle questions of influence on the
As Franco’s Pounding Artillery Widened Wedge to Sea
The pounding guns of Generalissimo Francisco Franco’s Spanish Insurgent
Army roared and blasted a pathway for the Galician troops as they pushed for
ward to widen the wedge which separates government forces on the east coast of
Spain. The smoking, smouldering terrain (above) has been subdued by a rolling
barrage from 75-millimeter guns and 155-millimeter ‘‘long rifles" and howitzers.
—— —hB*
The subsequent advance of infantry teas accompanied by lighter field, pieces for
use at point-blank range in anti-tank action. The use of artillery has become
more spectacular and efficient as Generalissimo Franco’s technical aides have
developed a technique applicable to the terrain. Before Madrid, for example, in
creased use of insurgent artillery made it possible for foot soldiers to be withdrawn
for action on more active fronts. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Discovery of Tuberculosis
Among Children Early
Held Necessity.
The same Intensive case finding for
tubercular children as for adults was
urged last night by Mrs. Ernest R.
; Grant, managing director of the Tu
i berculosis Association of the District
■ of Columbia.
i “With intensive case finding we
■ could fill the children's tuberculosis
sanitarium at Glenn Dale to capacity
1 and have a waiting list,” she declared,
i speaking at a meeting arranged by
the May Day Child Health Committee
at 1718 M street N.W.
“According to Surg. Gen. Thomas
: Parran,” she said, “tuberculosis is the
! arch killer of youth. It takes its high
i est death toll in the age group from
I 15 to 25 ”
She also quoted a recent work of Dr.
J. A. Meyers, national president of the
| Tuberculosis Association, as saying:
"Studies have shown conclusively
that the period of infancy to early
| childhood is in reality the neglected
age period, and because of the neglect,
high mortality results in the teen age.
"The medical profession will accom
plish its greatest good by focusing its
attention upon children who have been
exposed to tuberculosis."
The shortage of relief funds, the
60.000 persons in the District registered
as unemployed, and poor dwelling con
ditions were listed by Mrs. Grant as
contributing factors to tuberculosis
among children here.
Despite Washington's high death rate
from tuberculosis and the recognized
need to treat tuberculosis in childhood,
she added, there are 100 empty beds
at the children's sanitarium and 57
vacancies in the health schools for
tubercular children.
<Continued From First Page.)
receive the largest share—$1,250,000,
000—to provide 2.800,000 Jobs from
July 1 to next February 1.
The Public Works Administration,
which would be extended to June 30,
1940. would be given $965,000,000 for
construction projects.
The 90 House Republicans called
their first party conference of the ses
sion late yesterday to discuss their
strategy against the spending-lending
Representative Taber, Republican, of
New York, senior minority member of
the Appropriations Committee, com
“It is not a relief bill at all, but one
for construction of enormous projects.”
W. P. A. projects are wasteful, Mr.
Taber said, and have a “demoralizing
effect’’ on people who are paid prevail
ing wages for “doing little or nothing.”
He described the P. W. A. program as
“merely a sop in the nature of a grant
to hundreds of communities.”
Mr. Taber called for a decentraliza
tion of relief administration, in the
hands of a bi-partisan board in Wash
ington and similar boards in each
State. The Republicans were expected
to affirm his demand.
Of the W. P. A. appropriation, a
maximum of $425,000,000 could be
used for highways and streets, $250,
000.000 for educational and “white
collar” projects and $575,000,000 for
miscellaneous developments, such as
conservation, power and water plants
and perks.
The National Youth Administration,
a branch of W. P. A., is listed for $75,
000,000, while the Farm Security Ad
ministration would receive $175,000,000
for rehabilitation of needy farmers.
The Puerto Rican Reconstruction Ad
ministration would be given $6,000,000,
and about $20,000,000 is included for
administrative expenses of various
agencies which co-operate with W.
P. A.
Restrictions on the P. W. A. fund
limit outright grants to $750,000,000,
construction of Federal projects to
$100,000,000, and administrative ex
penses to $11,000,000. Money could not
be allotted for any projects which
could not be commenced before Janu
ary 1, 1939, or substantially completed
before June 30, 1940.
The bill sets a deadline of August
31 for the filing of new applications
for projects.
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Fear, awe and skepticism etch the faces of the women and children who line the streets of
Catalan to watch the conquering Spanish insurgents march past on their way to the sea. Note
the open palms in the Fascist-type salute. A week before tchile government forces held the ter
ritory, the clenched fist was the sign of friendship. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
iContinued From First Page 1
. . ,
of the $10,000,000 fund mentioned by
Mr. Straus, although the local agency
had sought only $7,000,000 initially. :
As the deadlock appeared about to
break over whether the A. D A. was
to be able to accept U. S H. A. allot
ments without Interference with the
former's own powers and functions,
it was announced that the local agency
on Thursday will open bids for its
fifth project, a group of one-family
houses and an apartment building for
33 Negro families.
The new structures will replace slum
dwellings in the area between Fourth,
Fifth, V and W streets N.W.
Mr. Ihlder said the question of
whether there must be a matching ar
rangement in connection with U. S.
H. A. allotments to the District will
depend upon the treatment which
Congress accords to the amendments
now in preparation.
Agencies Approve Principles.
Approval of the principles involved
In the A. D. A.’s stand on the ques
tion of slum clearance and low-cost
housing was announced yesterday by
the Board of Directors of the Council
of Social Agencies. The board voted
Its approval at the council’s monthly
meeting after a small committee
which had been appointed to study
the situation made a report.
The committee expressed belief that
loans from the United States Housing
Authority should be made under con
ditions that would not Jeopardize the
District’s slum-clearance program for
restrict the benefits of low-cost hous
The action of the Council of Social
Agencies, while upholding the A. D.
A., at the same time favors loans
from the Federal agencies under terms
advocated by Administrator Straus.
In his letter to Mr. Ihlder last Sat
urday the Federal administrator went
on record as saying allotment of funds
would n#t destroy or limit existing
powers of the Alley Dwelling Au
thorlty but would simply make it
We Guarantee every inch of rug sur
face—back aa well aa front—cleaned
evenly and completely. Scientific
equipment remove* all dirt, germ*,
ground in grit—restore* natural lustre.
Clean ruga last much longer. Storage in
modern vault. Repairs by experts. Rea
sonable charges, including insurance.
possible for that agency to engage in
a supplemental program.
The action of the Council of Social
Agencies is somewhat similar to the
position taken yesterday by John
Locher, executive secretary of the
Washington Building Trades Coun
cil. Both are firm supporters of the
Alley Dwelling Authority, but each
favors Federal loans for rehousing
slum dwellers, provided the existing
powers of the A. D. A. are not en
dangered thereby.
Mr. Ihlder spoke at the meeting of
the council but made no mention
of the housing issue. He devoted his
talk entirely to the need for better
public understanding of welfare work.
- •
Hotel Cashier Faces Court in $300
Case Today.
Cling James Odom, 29, Wardman
Park Hotel cashier, faced arraignment
in Police Court today on a charge of
embezzling $300 of hotel funds.
He was arrested yesterday at his
home, 3000 Connecticut avenue N.W.,
and released on $1,000 bond.
Rogers Museum Contract Let.
CLAREMORE, Okla. (P).—Contract
for Oklahoma’s memorial museum to
Will Rogers has been let. Work Is
expected to be completed by November
4, birthday of the humorist.
The museum will be a rambling,
ranch-type building.

Nation Would Be Divided Into
Nine Regions, With Coach Fare
*1 in Each Sector.
Bt the Associated Ih-ess.
Railroad travelers would be able to
ride long distances for $1 under a bill
introduced yesterday by Representative
Lemke, Republican, of North Dakota
I as a means of improving economic
The country would be divided into
nine regions. Within each region the
fare would be as follows, irrespective
of mileage: Coach, $1; parlor car. $3;
sleeper, $5.
Representative Lemke said the in
■ creased travel would mean $700,000,
000 to $2,000,000,000 more revenue for
the railroads each year.
--•.... --
Delegates at the national biennial
convention of the Y. W. C. A. held
recently at Columbus. Ohio, made
their reports at a meeting last night
at the headquarters. Mrs. Albert W.
Atwood, leader of the delegation, was
introduced by Mrs. William Lee Cor
bin, who presided.
A program of music and dramatic
sketches was given by the Girl Re
serves Glee Club and Council mem
Champlain, Held in Port by
Strike, Scene of Two
By the Associated Presa.
LE HAVRE, France, May 10.—Po
lice arrested a sailor for questioning
today after two fires were discovered
early this morning aboard the French
Line vessel Champlain. The fires were !
extinguished quickly with little dam- !
The Champlain, held here by a
strike which began May 4 and ended I
only today, was berthed near the liner
Lafayette, destroyed by fire the night
of May 4.
The sailor, Joseph Salou, a watch
man on the Champlain, turned in the
alarm for the second fire, discovered
in a first class cabin, where bed cloth
ing and woodwork were afire.
At first he told police he had sur- i
prised a stranger lighting paper in the !
cabin, but later admitted that story
was false.
The first fire was found on B deck,
where a pile of papers and straw
wrappings from bottles were burning.
It was qjijckly put out.
The police announcement of dis
covery of the fires came a few hours
after strikers tying up the Champlain
and other French Line ships had re
turned to their posts after settlement
of their differences with the line's
Trouble began on the Champlain
May 4 when the stewards objected to
the cut and color of their uniforms.
When officers put a union agent off the
ship the workers walked out
Tired T Eat Fruit.
SPRINGFIELD, 111. UP). — Fruits,
vegetables, eggs and dairy products
sas Acting Health Officer Dr. A. C.
Baxter, will go a long way toward
warding off that tired feeling known
as spring fever.
Sake, the national beverage of Ja
pan. contains 12 to 15 per cent alcohol,
and has a flavor similar to that of
I Repairing—Storage 1
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Conferees Reach Agreement
on Compromise Draft
of Measure.
Br the AMccUtw*. Pmi.
Houe Naval Affairs Committee mem
bers were ready today to ask their
colleagues to approve the conference
report on the President’s $1,000,000,000
Navy building program.
The conferees reached an agree
ment late yesterday on a compromise
draft of the bill. Chairman Walsh
of the Senate Naval Affairs Commit
tee said that If the House acted to
day Senate passage this week was in
sured. Then the measure would go
to the White House.
The conference group, appointed to
adjust differences between separate
Senate and House bills, approved a
provision giving the President discre
tion over the size of three new bat
tleships authorized under the bill.
New Dirigible Possible.
Senator Walsh said the President
could authorize ships of 45,000 tons
each under the provision, which is
similar to one approved by the Sen
ate. The House had voted to limit the
vessels to 35.000 tons.
The Conference Committee ap
proved a $3,000,000 authorization for
a new dirigible on condition the Presi
dent deems such construction neces
sary. It eliminated a House-approved
authorization of $12,000,000 for pro
moting inventions.
As it passed the Senate, the bill
authorized a total of $1,156,000,000
for naval construction, or $35,000,000
more than the sum approved by the
House. Should the projected battle
ships be limited to 35,000 tons and
should the dirigible construction be au
thorized, Senator Walsh said the meas
ure would aggregate $1,099,000,000.
The committee compromise included
a provision authorizing two new
20,000-ton aircraft carriers voted by
the Senate. The House had voted
for 15,000-ton carriers.
Authorizes Nine Cruisers.
Besides the three battleships and
the two airplane carriers, the com- j
promise authorizes 9 cruisers, 23 de- ;
stroyers and 9 submarines, as well as
950 airplanes and 26 auxiliary vessels, j
The conference group voted to ap- 1
ply the Walsh-Healy Act to all con
struction under the program, except
when the President decides otherwise.
The act provides a 40-hour maximum
work week and minimum wages fixed
by the Labor Department.
The Senate debated briefly yester
day amendment* to the Merchant
Marine Act proposed by Chairman
Copeland of the Senate Commerce
Among other things, they would set
up machinery for handling maritime
labor disputes and would provide for
the training of seamen and officers in
the merchant marine.
Prince to Receive Rotary.
Crown Prince Gustav Adolf, hon
orary governor of the Rotary move
ment in Swedeij, is preparing to
receive 1.500 Rotarians from all parts
of the world in conference in Stock
holm on September 1.
Shipments in Five Months,
Mostly Planes, Motors,
Top 10 Miilion.
B, the Assoc 1»ted Press.
American shipment* of war mate
rials to China and Japan exceeded
$10,000,000 In the five months ended
April 30, State Department records
showed today. The rate was far in
excess of last year.
The new figures began with De
cember 1, the start of the fiscal year
adopted by the National Munitions
Control Board, which licenses muni
tions shipments.
During the five months shipments
to China totaled $5,296,442 and to
Japan $4,756,483. In the last fiscal
year shipments to China were $8,338,
210 and to Japan $1,773,942.
Airplanes and airplane motors were
in greatest demand. A large item
of Chinese purchases also embraced
grenades, bombs and ammunition.
Japan's purchases were almost en
tirely air equipment.
Most of the shipments destined for
China were made to the British settle
ment of Hong Kong, whence they
penetrated into China proper.
There is no prohibition on the ship
ment of arms and war equipment to
China and Japan provided the proper
licenses are obtained. They must not,
however, be carried in ships belonging
to the United States Government.
The largest total of exporters’ li
censes last year went to the Glenn L,
Martin Airplane Co., in the amount
of $7,082,249. Next were the Douglas
Aircraft Co., the United Aircraft Ex
ports Corp. and the Wah Chang Trad
ing Corp.
Two Are Charged With Terrorism
After Sea Collision.
MOSCOW, May 10 The cap- '
tains of two steamers which collided
and sank in the Caspian Sea have
been sentenced to death at Makhach
Kala. capital of Dagestan.
They were charged with terrorism.
The court found the collision in
volving the steamers, the Pushkin and
Killontai. was "deliberately prepared
terroristic action.”
More than a fourth of Scotland's
workers are in the ship-building,
machinery, textile, iron and steel
new for .. . ’38
Models are: New 1938 styles In Bel
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of 1325 F Street
Listen In, WRC—11 PM. Every Night—in

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