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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 12, 1938, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(V. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fetr and continued cool tonight and to
morrow; lowest temperature tonight about
42; gentle winds, mostly northwest and
north. Temperatures today—Highest, 87,
at 2 p.m.; lowest, 44, at 5:45 a.m.
Full report on page A-2.
Closing N.Y. Markets—Sales—Page 22
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION Ky
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
<**) Means Associated Press.
86th YEAR. No. 3^4.
WASHINGTON, D. C,, THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1938—FIFTY PAGES.
Entered as second class matter rpTiDTr'i? AT?\^mrs
post office, Washington, D. c. 1 xLREE CE^TS.
TWO EX-SENATORS
ARE ACCUSED IN
RADIO MONOPOLY
Charged With Takjng Money
for Interference With
Justice Department.
PLANS TOLD BEFORE
HOUSE RULES GROUP
Representative McFarlane Fails
. to Make Public Names of
Former Congressmen.
By the Associated Press.
Representative McFarlane, Demo
crat, of Texas told the House Rules
Committee today two former Senators,
whom he did not name, had received
money for "interference with activi
ties'' of the Justice Department in a
radio monopoly case at Wilmington,
Del., six years ago.
"It has been my thought for some
time," Representative McParlane said,
“to present to the House certain in
formation, Including data in affidavit
form, which conclusively proves the
existence of a criminal conspiracy,
which not only debauched a financial
institution, persons holding high pub
lic office and also our court officials.
“I have been in doubt as to whether
to move impeachment proceedings or
await action on the part of this com
mittee.”
Radio Monopoly Charges Considered.
The statements were made as the
Rules Committee began consideration
of five resolutions for investigation of
charges of radio monopoly. A Sen
ate committee approved yesterday a
resolution for an Investigation of the
Federal Communications Commission.
"The information I refer to,” Mr.
McParlane said, "concerns the pay
, ment of money in cash to elected rep
resentatives of the people for interfer
ence with the activities of the Depart
ment of Justice and activities which
brought about that action on the part
of a District Court which benefited of
ficials of this corporation, dependent
for its existence on the gratuities
which it has received from the Gov
ernment of the United States."
Representative Mapes. Republican,
of Michigan asked what Mr. McFar
lene meant by "elected representatives
of the people.”
“They were United States Senators,”
Was the reply.
He said he was referring to a ease
In which the Radio Corp. of America
and a number of other large com
panies were involved.
Representative McFarlane has pro
posed, in one resolution before the
committee, that a seven-man House
committee be named to investigate
charges that "a monopoly or monop
olies exist in radio broadcasting alleged
to be held" by the Columbia, National
and Mutual broadcasting systems.
"Under a consent decree." the reso
lution said, "approved by the Hoover
administration and entered as an or
der of the Federal Court in Wilming
ton, Del.. November 21. 1932. a mo
nopoly in radio manufacturing, sale
and distribution of all radio equip
ment was illegally authorized and the
•aid consent decree also is credited
With defrauding the stockholders of
one corpartion of more than $200,000,
000."
—........
BARCELONA RAIDS
KILL 30, HURT 40
Streets Jammed With Crowds as
Insurgent Planes Bomb
Capital.
By the Associated Pres*.
BARCELONA, May 12 — At least 30
persons were killed and 40 injured to
day when insurgent warplanes made a
•wift raid on the center of this capi
tal of government Spain.
The raiders approached with such
•peed unheralded by the usual anti
aircraft fire that exploding bombs
were the first indication in many parts
of the city that a raid was in progress.
Streets were jammed with crowds
Which had no time to take shelter.
Authorities immediately began
searches through wrecked buildings
for victims.
The raid came at 4 p.m. (10 a.m. E.
8. T ). The city returned to normal
within a short while. Anti-aircraft
•quads had time to fire only a few
rounds before the raiders made off.
i Early story on Page A-4.)
WRONG SYPHILITIC
TEST WARNING'ISSUED
Parran Says Some Laboratories
Have Erroneously Labeled
Normal Blood Specimens.
Sy the Associated Press. ‘
PHILADELPHIA, May 12.—Physi
cians were warned today by United
States Surg. Gen. Thomas Parran
that some commercial laboratories
have erroneously labeled normal blood
specimens as syphilitic.
False diagnoses by certain "cut rate”
laboratories in the East have been
made in as high as 28 per cent of the
cases they handled, he said.
Dr. Parran, speaking at a Medical
Society symposium on disease, urged
that commercial medical laboratories
be regulated and licensed by a mu
nicipal or State agency.
"We have seen too many of these
firms being set up by nobody knows
whom, and competing for the doctors’
business with strenuous advertising
and cut rates,” the surgeon general
■aid.
He cautioned physicians not to be
misled by claims for equipment pur
porting to make testing easy for the
physician. The tests are reliable only
when made by a highly trained tech
nician, he said.
\
Franco Jails Rebel General
Who Called Germans ‘Beasts’
Fascists Insist Yague Be
Seised—Also Attacked
■ Italians.
By JOHN T. WHITAKER,
Chicago Daily New* Correspondent.
PARIS, May 12.—Reliable inform
ant* from Franco’s Spain report that
Gen. Juan YaguC, one of the ablest of
rebel field commander*, has been im
prisoned as a result of a speech he
made which offended the Italians and
Germans.
Pointing out that the rebels have
been unable as yet to win a decisive
victory, Gen. Yague said the Spaniards
ought not to discredit the bravery of
the Loyalists who are defending the
republic with incredible valor.
He said that there was too much
idle talk about International brigades
on the Loyalist side which were negli
gible by comparison with the Italians
and Germans who have taken charge
of the situation in the Franco region
of Spain and are acting like "beasts of
prey.”
This speech Infuriated the Germans
i especially, it is understood, and their
j secret service, who practically control
I the Franco area today, insisted upon
his arrest, despite the fact that Fer
nandez Cuesta, minister of agricul
ture. and Gonzalez Bueno, minister
of syndicates, tried to protect him.
This correspondent, during five
months with the Franco army, knew
Gen. Yague well and recalls twice be
fore when he clashed with Rebel Gen
eralissimo Francisco Franco, whom he
charged with selling Spain out to for
eigners.
No abler field commander has ap
peared yet in Spain than Gen. Yague,
who carried his Moors successfully
i through Talavera, de la Reina, and
I other battles which relieved Toledo
and almost captured Madrid.
i —-.
Refugees Pour Onto Island
Foreign Section After
Japanese Capture.
BACKGROUND—
Japan, checked in offensive
against Lunghai Railway in Central
China, turned to South China with
air and sea attack upon Amoy,
American warships were rushed to 1
assistance of United States nation
als, although none was reported
hurt as result of Japanese attack.
By the associated Free*.
SHANGHAI, May IS.—American
bluejackets today patrolled the small
International Settlement on Kulang
su Island, off the South China coast,
as thousands of refugees and soldiers
poured in after Japanese naval forces
captured nearby Amoy.
The Japanese reported complete oc
cupation of Amoy Island, including
the city of Amoy, important port 600
miles south of Shanghai. All for
eigners were said to be safe.
Report Shantung Gains.
At the same time the Japanese re
ported new gains on the Shantung
front, where fully a dozen columns
were moving steadily toward the Lung
hai Railway against ‘‘stubborn" re
sistance.
On the left wing ot this 65-mile
front, the Japanese asserted they had
occupied Langtzehu, south of Tan
cheng and only 3 miles from the Lung
hai, and said the Chinese were in
"full flight.” This is the nearest they
have approached the vital east-west
railroad in their five-month drive.
Two Chinese divisions fighting at
Matowchen, 5 miles northwest of
Tancheng, were said to have been "al
most annihilated.”
Destroyer Departs.
The United States destroyer Edsall
left Shanghai this afternoon en route
to the South China coast for patrol
duty. It was believed it might go
to Foochow, where Americans might
need assistance in the event of de
velopments such as those at Amoy.
The cruiser Marblehead, according
to United States authorities here, was
understood to be standing by at sea
between Manila and Hong Kong,
awaiting developments.
• A dispatch from Hong Kong
said the Marblehead had been
ordered to Amoy and that the land
ing party put ashore from the
gunboat Asheville had returned to
the ship from Kulangsu Island.)
Japanese said small bands of
Chinese still were resisting on a hill
near the city of Amoy and in isolated
spots in other parts of the island,
which is 10 miles long and 3 miles
wide. Their only means of escape
was by boat, which would make open
targets for Japanese planes.
Envoys Meet in Hong Kong.
HONO KONG, May 13 (A*).—Ger
many’s Ambassadors to Japan and
China met here today, and informed
persons believed they discussed the
future of the German military mission
which has trained a large part of the
Chinese Annies now fighting Japan.
MaJ. Gen. Eugen ott, recently named
to the ambassadorship in Toklo, where
he had been military attache for many
years, arrived here en route to Ger
many. Dr. Oskar Trautmann, Am
bassador to China, came by plane trim
Hankow.
Manila to Take Refugees.
MANILA, P. I., May 12 (A*).—C. H.
Forester, manager of the Philippine
Red Cron, said today the same com
mittee which aided refugees from
Shanghai last year is prepared to han
dle any number of refugees from war
devastated Amoy and adjacent South
China points.
Fisher Recuperate*.
NEW YORK, May 12 (/P).—H. C.
(Bud) Plsher, the cartoonist who cre
ated Mutt and Jeff, was recuperating
today after a serious stomach disor
der of 10 days’ duration. A series of
four blood transfusions was given him
following a hemorrhage.
4
GEN JUAN YAGUE.
He affiliated himself, however, with
the Falangist as, and Gen. Franco
after using the Falangistas to murder
the Requetes and other groups whose
social programs annoyed the military
Junta, Imprisoned or killed nearly all
Falangist* leaders.
Gen. Yague was then relieved of his
field command and given a minor post,
but when victory seemed more and
more remote Franco called Yague back
to the field.
Since then Gen. Yague has repre
sented that minority element in Spain
which feels that Gen. Franco has be
trayed his country into the hands of
Italians and Germans.
Gen. Yague’* arrest is significant be
cause it will lead to the arrest of
others or stir trouble within the badly
divided Franco ranks.
(Copyright. 1938. hy Chicago Daily News
_' Inc.)
LEAGUE REJECTS
SEEMS PLEA
Council Permits Members
to Recognize Italy’s
African Empire.
B» the associated Frees.
GENEVA, May 12.—The last hopes
of Haile Selassie of blocking an Anglo
French move to recognise Italy's con
quest of his Ethiopian empire vanished
today as a majority of the delegates
of the League of Nations Council de
clared in favor of recognition.
The Oouncil members’ judgment late
today came after a morning rrnninn
in which the fallen Ethiopian ruler
made a despairing appeal against
recognition and demanded that the
issue be taken to the whole Assembly.
The black-garbed Negds sat silent
at the Council table as the president.
Wilhelm Munters, Latvian foreign
minister, summed up:
"The great majority of members
feel that despite regrets it is for in
dividual members to decide as they
choose."
Consider Selves Free.
Proponents of recognition, chief
among them Great Britain and
France, considered this summation
and the preceding declarations left
League states free to recognise Italy’s
King as Emperor of Ethiopia.
Ten nations declared in favor of
recognition. New Zealand and China
were flatly opposed. Soviet Russia and
Bolivia took neutral positions, al
though opposed In principle.
"The Council has not been asked
to pronounce on principle nor to re
tract in any way the past judgments
of itself or the Assembly,” Munters
said.
"We have been asked whether we
agree to let each member decide for
himself."
Negus Hears Decision Calmly.
The Negus took Munters’ summary,
the legal death knell of Ethiopia as
far as the Council was concerned,
with the same dignity that marked
his bearing through morning and
afternoon sessions.
He sat motionless through the
French translation of the summary,
with head bowed and eyes closed,
and when the session adjourned he
rose and left the council chamber of
the delegates, speaking to no one
and apparently seeing no one. His
aides surrounded him.
The summary simply passed over
without comment Haile Selassie's
plea that the question be carried, to
the Assembly.
While the black-garbed Haile Selas
(See LEAGUE, Page A-3.)
RESHAPED LEGAL
PHILOSOPHY SEEN
BYTHEPRESDENI
Letter Read to Law Institute
Stresses Trend to Keep
Pace With New Needs.
HUGHES LAYS BLAME
FOR JUDICIAL DEFECTS
Puts Fault Partly ‘to Law and
in Part to Lawyers and
Judges’ in Address.
BACKGROUND—
The President's bill to change
the make-up of the Federal judici
ary was introduced into Congress
February S, 1937. It was beaten
August 10. after one of the most
colossalTegislatiye battles in Amer
ican history. Before the bill’s birth
the court had turned down the New
Deal on the N. R. A., the A. A. A.,
the Guffey coal law, the Municipal
Bankruptcy Act and the railroad
retirement law. Since February 5,
1937, the New Deal hasn't lost a
major decision in the court.
By BLAIR BOLLES.
President Roosevelt, in a letter read
to a group of the country's foremost
attorneys from a platform on which
Chief Justice Hughes but a few min
utes before had spoken, remarked to
day that "no one can read the legal
record of the last year without appre
ciating that we in our day are again
reshaping our legal philosophy to keep
pace with the needs of our people
and the spirit of our institutions.”
The Chief Justice, making his first
public address since the close of the
contest over the judiciary bill, told
the American Law Institute, in session
at the Mayflower Hotel, that he ques
tioned whether "there is any greater
need at this time than continued re
spect for the judicial tradition of in
dependence and impartiality.”
The President’s letter, which was
brief and dealt principally with Mr.
Roosevelt’s pleasure at the institute’s
efforts toward restating common law
and Improving criminal court pro
cedure. was read by William Draper
Lewis, director of the American Law
Institute, to whom it was addressed.
says Leadership Sought.
In stressing me need for better pro
cedure, Mr. Roosevelt wrote:
"The seriousness of our crime prob
lem la this eountry and the deficien
cies In our administration of the crinii
Inal law rightly cause laymen to look
to such an organization as yours to
.give direction and leadership.’’
Mr. Hughes did not comment an
the President’s veiled reference to the
Supreme Court’s apparent recognition,
in recent decisions favorable to the
New Deal, of the need for a changing
legal philosophy to meet “the needs of
our people.” but he did say that "the
defects in Judicial administration
which have made the public critical
and restive, and which sometimes have
been obscured in public estimation
and service of the courts, have been
due in part to the law and in part
to lawyers and judges.”
The Chief Justice defended the
judge and emphasized the importance
of the judge in our democratic so
ciety, although he granted all is not
perfect in American judicature.
"It is in the Judicial process,” he
said, "that we find the most developed
and systematic effort of a democratic
community to maintain the interests
of justice by opposing reason to pas
sion, accepted principles to unbridled
discretion and the requirements of fair
play to the favoritism or tyranny of
power.
"The law has lacked clarity, has
maintained an unnecessarily complex
procedure and has permitted obstacles
(See LAWYERS, PageA-4.~)
$90,000 FOR CARPET
Undisclosed Bidder Offers gum to
McCormick Estate.
CHICAGO. May 12 UP).—Some one
has offered $90,000 for a carpet that
once graced the floor of the late Edith
Rockefeller McCormick's mansion.
The offer—but not the identity of
the bidder—was disclosed by executors
of the McCormick estate in a report to
the Probate Court.
Dr. Arthur Upham Pope, agent in
the sale of Mrs. McCormick’s art treas
ures, said she paid $125,000 for the
carpet, that it was made in Persia 600
years ago and that it once was owned
by Peter the Great of Russia.
Summary of Today's Star
Page- Page.
Amusements A-18 Radio .c-19
Comics -C-S-9 Short Story. A-23
Editorials ...A-12 Society .B-3
Finance _A-21 Sports.C-l-4
Lost & Pound C-4 Woman's Pg. B-14
Obituary_A-14
FOREIGN.
Brasil jails hundreds in purge of
Fascist rebels. Page A-l
J7. 8. bluejackets patrolling Amoy for
eign aection. Page A-l
League decides for recognition of
.Italy’s empire. Page A-l
Two rebel columns trap thousands of
loyalists. Page A-4
NATIONAL.
Wallace charges against Chief Justice
made publjc. Page A-l
Two former Senators accused of taking
mosey iq radio case. Page A-l
Earle’s leaders get breathing spell as
probe Is:delayed. Page A-l
House rejects Q. o. P. move to give
States mlief powers. Page A-l
Law Institute hears views of Roosevelt
and Hughe*. Page A-l
WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.
Bolling Field restrictions curb uae as
emergency airport Page A-l
Prosecution rests in extortion trial of
detective. Page B-l
EDITORIAL AND COMMENT.
Bditoriak Page A-l*
a %
This and That. Page A-12
Stan. Men and Atoms. Page A-12
Answers to Questions. Page A-12
The Capital Parade. Page A-13
David Lawrence. PageA-13
Mary Sullivan. Page A-13
Jay Franklin. PageA-13
Della Pynchon. Page A-13
FINANCIAL.
Bonds improve (table). Page A-21
Two States curb oil output. Page A-21
April building gains. Page A-21
Stocks sell off (table). Page A-22
Curb drifts lower (table). PageA-23
Bank clearings decline. PageA-23
SPORTS.
Stone's hitting surge seen as boon to
Nats’ on road. Pmge.C-1
Hoyas, on trip, and Terps are. facing
tough diamond foes. Page C-2
Dauber is made favorite for classic
Pregkness Saturday. Page C-3
Record entry is seen for mixed doubles
pin tournament. Page C-4
MISCELLANY.
Shipping News. Page C-l#
City News in Brief. Page A-2t
Vital Statistics. Page B-2
Nature’s Children. PageB-15
Bedtime Story. Page B-15
Letter-Out. Page C-8
Crossword Puttie. Page C-8
Opntraet Bridge. Page.C-t
After Dark. PageR-lt
i
%
VVAKE S
LIVED Too*)
__SOON/ t'A
Wallace Charges Chief Justice
4Shifted’ in Stockyards Ruling
Secretary, Denying Rebuke, Claims It
Was Used to 6Warn’ 17. S. Agencies
to Detriment of Farmers.
Charges by Secretary Wallace that
Chief Justice Hughes ‘‘shifted his
ground” in the recent Kansas City
stockyards decision and used the opin
ion as a vehicle for “flashing a warn
ing” to quasi-judicial agencies of the
Government to the detriment of the
farmers, were made public today with
the release of letters written by the
cabinet officer to the Chief Justice and
the New York Times.
The action of Secretary Wallace In
writing and making public his letter
of protest to the Chief Justice is vir
tually without precedent in this coun
try.
J. D. Le Cron, assistant to the Sec
retary. sent copies of the communi
cations to The Star with a request that
they he published. He said that “some
who have attempted to interpret the
decision apparently have not been
familiar with the background in this
case, and as a result misapprehension
has been created in the public mind."
The decision, handed down April 25,
set aside rates fixed for Kansas City
stockyard men because they had not
VARGAS PURGING
BRAZIL FASCISTS
Nation-Wide Hunt Pressed
for Salgado as Chief
of Uprising.
BACKGROUND—
Getulio Vargas, coming to power
on wings of revolution in 1930, was
elected President in 1934, and made
himself dictator with coup last No
vember 10. Fascist Integralists
quickly outlawed and in March of
this year Rio de Janerio police report
Fascist plot to kill Senhor Vargas
and other high officials had been
thwarted.
By the As,sedated Press.
RIO DE JANEIRO. Brazil. May
12.—Brazil's strong man President,
Getulio Vargas, invoked full military
and police action today to wipe out
forever Fascist Greenshirts, whose
3>/a-hour rebellion failed because
they did not know the government
palace was without a garrison within
its walls.
Police, with 500 of the rebels al
ready in jail, spread through the
city, searched every suspected Fas
cist’s home, made more arrests and
found evidence the revolt was well
planned but without coo-rdinated exe
cution.
They pressed a nation-wide search
for the fugitive Plino Salgado, head
of the Greenshirts and allegedly the
“intellectual leader" of yesterday's
abortive uprising. Salgado has been
in hiding for several months.
The government launched an in
quiry and it was expected decrees
would be published authorizing sum
mary trial of the captured leaders.
Lacked Vital Information.
The rebels made their attack yes
terday morning against President Var
gas’ palace, the residence of the chief
of staff of the army and other strate
gic points, but they lacked the one
vital piece of information that could
have carried them to at least momen
tary success.
J. Alberto Lins de Barr os. former
Charge d’Affaires, who. helped defend
the President’s palace, told about It
today.
“I believe the attackers did not
know the palace was completely with
out an integral garrison, otherwise
they would have advanced into the
palace instead of lighting in the
(See BRAZIL, Page A-l.)
Clerk* Are Victim*.
PHILADELPHIA, May 12 OP).—
Clerks of two midcity department
stores who assumed a good Samaritan
role in a warehousemen’s strike found
themselves today in the position of
the victim.
The four - week warehousemen’s
strike at four stores ended yesterday,
and the clerks who walked out in
sympathy headed hack to their
eouaten.
been given opportunity to examine and
contest findings of fact by trial ex
aminers for the Department of Agri
culture prior to the promulgation of
the rates.
The opinion was written by the
Chief Justice with the concurrence of
Justices Brandeis, Stone. Roberts.
McReynolds and Butler. Justice Black
dissented and Justices Reed and Car
doso did not participate.
The principal point made by Sec
retary Wallace was that the mistake
in procedure which led the court to
i set aside the rates was made by the
previous administration and not by
his own.
He also contended the Chief Justice
had shifted his ground because, when
the case was before the court In 1939,
he had said In remanding It that the
submission to the stockyard men of
findings of fact was not essential to
the validity of the procedure Mr.
Wallace also said that despite this
declaration he had nevertheless
adopted the practice 30 months ago.
He denied specifically that the opinion
(See COURT. Page A-4.)
Serious Drought
Threat Is Faced
By Washington
Damage Slight So Far
but Situation Is
Growing Worse.
The advance of an almost rainless
spring finds Washington and most
of the East facing the possibility of
a serious drought during the growing
season.
Government experts said only scat
tered damage has been done thus far,
but that the situation is becoming
"progressively more serious” as the
dry spell exhausts reserves of sub
soil moisture left by last winter's
heavy rains.
The local forecast is for continued
fair and cool weather, with a min
imum tonight of about 42 degrees.
Rainfall here since January 1 is little
more than half of normal, as com
pared with a super-abundance of
moisture last spring.
The dry spell, coupled with com
paratively low temperatures, has re
tarded crop growth considerably in the
Washington area. Unfavorable weather
shortened the strawberry season in
Tidewater Virginia, and did serious
damage to truck crops in the South
eastern part of the State.
Maryland, however, reports conditions
generally favorable to plant growth,
although many pastures are badly in
need of rain and continued dry weath
er will soon cause damage to crops
throughout the State.
Only four light showers have fallen
here so far this month and April was
unusually dry. The last shower swept
the city last night, accompanied by
brisk winds and chilly temperatures.
Six Burned to Death.
HENDERSON, Ky„ May 12 (/P).—Six
members of the Elliott Gibson family
burned to death last night when fire
destroyed their tenant home near
JPoole, 20 miles south of here.
The victims were Mr. Gibson, 31; his
wife, Mabel, 28; three sons, ranging in
age from 17 months to 8 years, and
one daughter, 4. Their bodies were re
covered by neighbors during the night.
RESTRICTIONS CUT
USE OF BOLLING
Conditions at Army Field
Virtually Same as at
Airport.
Restrictions on the use of new Bolling
Field by Douglas airliners, which vir
tually destroy its usefulness as a “bad
weather" terminal for air transport op
erations, have been put into effect by
the Bureau of Air Commerce, it was
learned today.
At the same time, the National Air !
Line Pilots Association, author of the
campaign which last year resulted in
imposition of restrictions on Washing
ton Airport, precipitating the most se
rious crisis in local air transport his
tory. repeated ite demand for even
more stringent limitations on landings
and take-offs at the local air terminal.
These developments came only a
few hours after sponsors of local air
port legislation at the Capitol had con
ceded the impossibility of obtaining
airport legislation requested by Presi
dent Roosevelt during the present
session of Congress.
Vigorous opposition to the construc
tion by the Bureau of Public Roads of
its $1,000,000 highway research labora
tory overlooking the site of the pro
posed Gravelly Pant Airport also was
voiced by the pilots’ association, which
said that the buildings would consti
tute “a definite hazard to flying” if an
airport is eontsructed there.
Conditions at Fields Similar.
The new Bolling Field restrictions,
which apply to airliners of the Doug
las DC-2 and DC-3 types used by
both Eastern Air Lines and American
Airlines, affect operations on all but
the long runway, almost duplicating
the restrictions now in effect at Wash
ington Airport.
Since the long runways at both
airports extend in almost the same
compass directions, the restrictions
apply equally to the two fields in cross
wind conditions and are expected vir-,
tually to prohibit local airline opera
tions under certain cross-wind con
ditions.
Even the closing of Military road,
under terms of an act of Congress
signed by President Roosevelt a month
ago, will not relieve the cross-wind
situation at Washington Airport, since
it will not permit increase of the land
ing area to the east or west, the
short way of the field.
The inadequacy of the new Bolling
Field for modern air transport op
(See AIRPORT, Page A-3T)
AGENCIES TO MAKE
MONOPOLY PROBE
Senator Barkley Says Majority
of Work Will Be Carried
On in This Way.
By tfce Associated Press.
Senator Barkley of Kentucky, the
Democratic leader, said today most of
the work in the projected monopoly
investigation probably would be car
ried on by Government agencies and
departments.
Senator O’Mahoney. Democrat, of
Wyoming has proposed an inquiry by
a committee composed of two Repre
sentatives, two Senators, the heads of
the Federal Trade Commission and
the Securities Commission and the
Attorney General.
Senator Barkley said he would not
object to congressional participation
but would suggest changes in the
O’Mahoney resolution to permit exec
utive agencies to carry on independent
studies.
Two Convicted of Sounding
Alarm With Firemen on Scene
Two men were found guilty in Police
Court today of turning in the fourth
alarm after fire apparatus, summoned
by three previous alarms, had been
fighting the fire for some time.
The defendants, Russell Butler, 420
Seccmd street N.E., and Raymond E.
Seddon, 21 Sixth street N.E., were
charged with pulling the alarm during
a fire at a laundry at Bladensburg
road and Morse street N.E., on May 2.
Herman Eller, operator of a gas
station near where the alarm was
pulled, testified that the fire engines
had been fighting the blase for some
time when the two art alleged to have
turned in the call.
Sergt. R. C. Roberto of the fin mar*
A
shaft office said he considered the
case "moat serious," as 38 piece* of
apparatus had already been called
to the blaze and the additional alarm
required shifting of other pieces so
as to leave several sections unpro
tected in case of other fires.
Butler, who pleaded guilty, said he
thought a false alarm was one in which
the person who turned it in was clearly
aware of the wrong, whereas he be
lieved he was doing a duty in calling
for fire apparatus. Seddon pleaded
not guilty.
They were turned over to the pro
bation officer by Judge Walter J.
Oasey ter Investigation, sentence to
be passed later.
I
HOUSE REJECTS
MOVE FOR RELIEF
PIER TO STATES
Bi-Partisan Board Plan of
Republicans Is Beaten
Down.
TABER SUGGESTS CUT
IN N. Y. A. TO $20,000,000
Dirksen Says Constitutions of
Some States Would Be
Torpedoed by Bill.
BACKGROUND—
Prolongation of the baffling busi
ness depression, which set in last
fall, determined President to under
take another pump-priming adven
ture, which will cost in all tome
S4.500,000,000. Opponents of pro
gram charge it is economically un
sound and designed in part to pro
mote New Deal political fortunes in
November elections.
By th« Associated Press.
The White House beat down today
a Republican attempt to turn the ad
ministration of relief over to the
States. The standing vote was 106
to 39.
The first amendment to the *3,054,
000.000 lending-spending bill, offered
by Representative Bacon. Republican,
of New York, was the minority pro
posal for decentralization of relief. It
proposed to set up by-partisan boards
to handle relief funds and to require
States to put up 25 cents for every *1
contributed by the Federal Govern
ment.
Under that arrangement,” Mr.
Bacon said, “more and more relief
money would reach the people in ac
tual need.”
By this plan,” he said, “we believe
we will go a long way toward elimi
nating politics in relief and relief in
politics.”
While conceding that perhaps States
should have more control over relief.
Representative Woodrum, Democrat,
of Virginia said it would be inadvisable
“to change the machinery” in this
fashion during a time of “emergency.”
Republicans said they would make
another attempt, just before a vote on
passage of the bill, to put their pro
gram into the measure.
Would Cut N. Y. A. Funds.
Representative Taber, Republican, of
New York immediately offered an
amendment to cut the fund for the Na
tional Youth Administration from
$75,000,000 to $20,000,000.
Condemning “waste” by the N Y
A., the New Yorker said that organi
sation conducted an investigation to
determine at what age children cease
to enjoy riding on merry-go-rounds
Representative Murdock, Democrat
of Utah declared that Mr. Taber, in
selecting the "most extreme case had
ignored the help N. Y. A. had given
millions of high school and college
students.
Mr. Taber’s amendment was shouted
down.
In the pro and con debate on the
legislation, preceding consideration of
amendments, Representative Dirksen,
Republican, of Illinois said the bili
! contained a “device for torpedoing our
I State constitutions,”
The device, he said, is a provision
which would let the Public Works Ad
ministration advance funds for public
works projects in States or subdi
visions which have reached legal debt
limits.
The Government could construct
and lease the projects to the local
Public bodies or the latter agenciea
could pay back 55 per cent of tha
construction cost, with interest, in 25
years.
‘‘Why Have an Agreement?”
‘‘Wouldn’t an agreement for a
lease mean an incurment of debt?”
He said he was fearful enactment of
the provision might lead to other de
vices to circumvent State constitu
tions.
‘‘It would be better to grant the
money outright.” Mr. Dirksen con
tinued, ‘‘rather than to nullify and
dismember the organic acts of the
States.”
Defending the program. Represent
ative Greenwood. Democrat, of Indi
ana said the United States "cannot
afford" to do less for its needy citizens
than other nations have been doing
for years.
He declared the Federal debt at
present is about $30 less per capita
than it was at the end of the World
War. -
Administration leaders have mada
one concession to opponents of the
relief bill, announcing they will accept
an amendment to let the Reconstruc
tion Finance Corp. supply $60,000,000
additional for rural electrification pur
poses. Representative Rankin, Demo
crat, of Mississippi had urged that
$200,000,000 be provided for that
purpose.
MAN FOUND SLAIN,
WIFE BADLY HURT
Witness, Discovered Injured
Outside Baltimore House,
Tells of Fight.
By its Associated Press.
BALTIMORE, May 12.—Andrew
Eichinger, 48, a saloonkeeper, was
found dead today with his throat
slashed. Near him lay his wife, in
a serious condition from cuts. Out
side the house police found a man who
said he had been cut by Eichinger
when he tried to aid the wife. A
bloody razor lay near Eichinger’s body.
The other man, William Eller, said
he heard Mrs. Eichinger scream and
ran into their room to find Mrs.
Eichinger lying on the floor and her
husband bending over her, slashing
her body. Eiler said he tried to grap
ple with Eichinger, but the saloon
keeper slashed him on both wrists.
Police said Mis. Eichinger was in
jured too seriously to be questioned.
*

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