OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 15, 1938, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1938-05-15/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

<0. ■. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Generally fair and somewhat warmer
today and tomorrow; moderate northwest
or west winds. Temperatures yesterday—
Highest. 55 at 1 a.m ; lowest, 49 at 10 p.m.
Pull report on Page A-2.
Full Associated Press
News and Wirephotos
Sunday Morning and
Every Afternoon.'
X" 1 COn X^ *0 1 Q/47 Entered as second class matter
O* ljluV-l ISO* I • post office. Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON, D. C., MAY 15, 1938 -128 PAGES. *
Plans for Cedillo
Uprising Today

Military Commander of
Michoacan Has
Gen. Saturnino Cedillo hat been
reported at head of incipient Fas
cist revolutionary movement to
overthrow socialistic Cardenas gov
ernment. Landoirners and other
propertied classes discontented irith.
radical innovations. Large arms
caches reported created in various
parts of Mexico in preparation for
the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY. May 14—Federal
troops tonight guarded key govern-j
ment building* and patrolled streets j
in San Luis Potosi amid growing
rumors of an impending uprising.
Virtual martial law prevailed in that |
mid-Mexican city of 73.000 population
as reports persisted that forces of Gen.
Saturnino Cedillo. leader of the last j
private army in Mexico, were laying
plans for a revolt.
San Luts Potosi l* capital of the j
Mexican State of the same name.
Advices received here said the move
ment was scheduled to start tomorrow I
with the expiration of a sirk leave
granted Gen. Cedillo after his resig
nation as military commander of
Michoacan last April.
Telephone reports from San Luis
Potosi late tonight said such early
developments appeared unlikely.
Resigned 1 nursday.
Sources close to both Gen. Cedillo
and the government, disclosed that
Gen. Cedillo handed In his resigna
tion from the position Thursday and
that it had been accepted by President
Lazaro Cardenas.
Gen. Cedillo was said to have
Stressed his Illness in wanting to re
sign and £is disinclination to have
his leave extended. President Carde
nas. in accepting the resignation, was
reported to have told Gen. Cedillo in
effect he would "have to take the '
consequences." The defense ministry
declined to comment. 'j
The exchange between the general
and chief executive and the latter's
unexplained declaration gave rise to
additional rumors here.
Gen. Cedillo resigned as Cardenas'
secretary of agriculture in August, j
1937. in a dispute over the President's
agrarian poliry. and Gen. Cedillo's
future course then became the subject
Of speculation.
Government Move Predicted.
A usually reliable political source
predicted last October the federal gov
ernment would move to oust the gov
ernment of San Luis Potosi state,
considered loyal to Cedillo.
That prediction came after the as
sassination at San Luis Potosi of
Tomas Tapia, agrarian leader, state
legislator and newly named chairman
of the National Revolutionary (gov
ernment! party.
Tension developed from rumors that
Cedillo was ready to lead his own
army of 17,000 in revolt against the
central government if it challenged
hi* two-decade rule of San Luis Po
tosi, which covers an area of 24.415
square miles and has a population of
A reliable informant said three or
four hundred Cedillista agrarians
slipped into the state capital In small
groups in the last several days.
Army Garrison Doubled.
The army garrison there at the
same time was said to have been
quietly doubled to 500 soldiers.
The garrisons throughout the state
were Increased by 3.000 troops within
the last year, while those of neighbor
ing states were reinforced.
Reports from San Luis Potosi said
80 soldiers were stationed in buildings
of the national bank, the post office
and the Federal treasury office. Ad
ditional troops patrolled the streets
throughout last night.
The city was described as presenting
* "desolate" appearance. Residents
were said to be considerably alarmed
by the recurring rumors.
Cedillo's Condition Not Serious.
Gen. Cedillo was reported to still be
at Las Palomas, where he went in
April to recuperate from his illness.
His condition was not believed to be
Col. Josue Escobedo, former federal
deputy who was named acting head
of the Michoacan military sone after
Den. Cedillo reported himself ill,
passed through San Luis Potosi yes
terday en route to Las P&lomas. He
was accompanied by several poli
They said they would attempt to
persuade Gen. Cedillo to come to a
Mexico City aanatorium “in order to
put an end to all these rumors.”
group Accused of Mine Blast That
Killed Pour Workers.
MOSCOW. May 14 MP).—A Novosi
birsk newspsper today reported nine
men were sentenced to death in West
ern Siberia for a fatal mine explosion
said to have been set oft In revenge
fbr Moscow’s last big treason trial In
which 18 "Trotskyists” were sentenced
to death. Pour workmen were killed
in the blast. v
The condemned men were mining
executives who pleaded guilty to mem
bership in a Trotskyist-Bukharinite
band of wreckers. They confessed to
responsibility for other mine accidents
and to poisoning miners with gas
through faulty’ ventilation shafts.
* J
Flood of Money Reported
Loosed in Bitter Fight
for Nominations.
8 *ff Correspondent oi The Star.
"hatchet men” having about completed
their job in the Pennsylvania primary,
the ‘satchel men” are taking over.
The primary, on which the eyes of the
country are focused, takes place Tues
If reports be true a flood of money
Is being loosed in these closing days
of the greatest mud-slinging campaign
that Pennsylvania has seen in recent
j ears—if ever before.
‘ Maced," along with "hatchet men”
and "satchel men,” is a term that has i
sprung into popular use, if not popular ;
favor, in the campaign. Charges have I
been made that State employes are
being rompelled to contribute to a
huge slush fund by the Jones-Earle
Lawrence-McCloskey leaders, and also
to vote for the Democratic State ticket,
headed by Charles Alvin Jones for
Governor and Gov. George Barle for
Senator. That is. they are ‘'maced.’'
On the other side in this Democratic
row, GufTev-Lewis-Kennedy ticket is
charged with "macing” the Federal
employes in the State and the W. P. A.
A total ot 4.lfti.232 men and women
are registered and presumably quali- ,
tied to vote in the Republican and
Democratic primaries. 2.140.496 Re- ;
publicans and 2 016.736 Democrats.
This is the first time the Democratic !
registiation in Pennsylvania has
reached the two million mark.
Future of Lewis Involved.
Whether a substantial number of
this large electorate vote their own
views or are influenced by money and
by job', the election alone will tell.
Wrapped up in these primaries is the
political future of John L. Lewis and
his C. I. O. Wrapped up in the results
of the balloting may be the political
future not only of Pennsylvania, but
of the country. For the Keystone State
is a prize for which fcgith major parlies
are straining every r»erve this year—
as a forecast of what is to take place
in 1940. Wrapped up also in the out
come is prestige of the C. I. O. and
the American Federation of Labor,
which are bitterly opposed to one
The main entries in this Pennsyl
vania race are: In the Democratic
primary, Charles A. Jones of Pitts
burgh, Lt. Gov. Thomas Kennedy, and
Charles J. Margiotti, former attorney
general and recently outsted, for Gov
ernor; Gov. George Earle, Mayor S.
Davis Wilson of Philadelphia and
"Eddie" McCloskey, former mayor of
Johnstow'n, who is of the “also ran”
type, for United States Senator.
In the Republican primary, former
Gov. Gifford Pinchot and Judge
Arthur H. James of the Superior
Court, for Governor; Senator James
(See PENNSYLVANIA, Page~A-3.) "
Frenchwoman Makes Hop to
Persia in 20 Hours.
BASRA, Iraq, May 14 (fl*).—Elizabeth
Lion, French flyer, landed at Abadan,
Persia, today 20 hours after taking off
from Istres, France, to better the
women's long-distance flight record
established by Amelia Earhart.
London Replies to
Withdrawal of
Press Joins Workers to
Indorse Break With
Mexico Friday night recalled, its
Minister to Great Britain as result
oI abrupt British demand early last
week for payment of reparations
for damages to British citizens
between 1910 and 1920. Incident
was climax of bitter controversy
begun with Mexico's seizure of oil
properties March It.
Bt tl f Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY. May 14—Owen
8t. Clair O'Malley, Great Britain's
Minister to Mexico, announced to
night he had been recalled by his
government, completing the diplo
matic break between Britain and
Britain's action was in response to
that of Mexico last night in with
drawing Prlmo Villa Michel. Mexican
Minister to London, because of
Britain's "unfriendly attitude” to
ward Mexico.
Recall of O'Malley had been ex
pected in Mexican circles as a conse
quence of the Mexican step.
Consul General in Charge.
Mr. O'Malley explained that his
government had instructed him to
withdraw himself and the diplomatic
staff from Mexico and to leave the
Legation in charge of the British
acting consul general, J. Dalton
The Minister said he would leave
for London by way of New York
as soon as he finished packing.
Commenting on reports of anti
British feeling in Mexico. Mr. O'Mal
ley said he had been mated "with
absolute kindness and courtesy" and
that he had "no complaints from
British subjects" of rudeness on the
part of Mexicans.
Cardenas Gain* Support.
Mexico* diplomatic break with
Great Britain apparently strengthen
M popular support of President
Lazaro M. Cardenas in hi* program
of nationalization of foreign-owned
oil properties. Mexico's grave oil
problem, which led to recall of the
Mexican Minister to London, re
mained unchanged, however.
The press, workers' groups and
other* spoke in patriotic phrases in
dorsing the President's action, but
the country's most pressing problem—
one on which many observers be
lieved the fate of the Cardenas ad
ministration rests—remained unsolved.
This problem, briefly, was finding a
market for the country'* government
produced oil, output of which has
fallen sharply because of lack of
markets since March 18. when the
President expropriated British and
American oil properties valued at
Peso Slumps Lower.
Today the peso slumped from 5 to
10 points, although supporters of the
President believed the economic turn
to have been counter-balanced by a
revival of nationalistic favor in the
country after the expropriation.
Several times recently the govern
ment has been on the verge of an
nouncing contracts had been signed
for foreign sales. None appeared, how
ever, and reliable quarters said today
that nothing but small -deals were in
Until she disposes of her surplus
oil—Mexico has .exported roughly 60
per cent of the last three years'
production—Mexicans must restrict
their operations to domestic needs.
This means a loss of 17 per cent of
federal and state revenues which oil
used to pay, a lack of foreign credits
to bolster a failing currency, the end
of present moratorium payments
abroad and a general disruption of
Positions Different.
The breach with London accentuated
the different positions of London and
Washington in the oil controversy, in
which they at first appeared to have
been in the same boat.
Bach nation took a strong attitude
toward Mexico after seizure of the oil
properties, until March-30, when
United States Secretary of State Cor
dell Hull in Washington formally
acknowledged Mexico's right to take
the expropriation step.
Britain, meanwhile, on April 8, de
livered a firm note to Mexico terming
the expropriation a “denial of justice,”
(See EkvOY, Page A-4J
--7 I
Roosevelt-La Follette Cruise ' \
Stirs Political Speculation
Bs the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt and Senator La
Follette, Progressive, of Wisconsin,
cruised down the Potomac River yes
terday on a week-end trip that stirred
political speculation because of Sena
tor La Follette'* recent espousal of the
new national third party movement.
In addition to the Wisconsin Sena
tor, the President’s guests included
Mrs. La Follette, Senator Green, Dem
ocrat, of Rhode Island, an adminis
tration supporter, and Mrs. James
Roosevelt, the President’s daughter
It was the first cruise the black
haired young Progressive had made
with the President in recent months,
although they formerly were together
on such trips frequently.
Tjhe Senator took issue with Mr.
Roosevelt last year over curtailment
of public works expenditures, and since
has contended that the checking of
outlays in this field helped bring
about the business slump.
Though he has supported most ad
ministration measures in the past,
Senator La Follette has been wearing
the emblem of the new National Pro
gressive party since his brother, Gov.
Philip La Follette of Wisconsin, got
the national movement under way last
Senator La Follette has criticized
the administration’s new lending
spending program as "inadequate,”
although saying he would vote for it,
and opposed recently the Roosevelt
naval expansion bill.
The President’s party set out in the
rain shortly after noon on the Navy
yacht Potomac in the face of Weather
Bureau warnings that increasing
southeast and south winds might reach
the force of a gale at times before
night flong the Atlantic Coast be
tween Virginia and Block Island, R. I.
Though the cruise arrangements
were elastic, the Potomac in the past
has taken tha President usually only
to the mouth of tha Potomac River.
Changes in Alley Dwelling
Act O.K.’d by Bureau, to
Push Work Here. .
Loan of 10 to 15 Millions From
Housing; Unit and 5 Millions
From Treasury Provided.
Controversy over local housing
policy flared violently a week ago
only to be settled speedily by Presi
dent Roosevelt. With the Alley
Dwelling Authority finally agree
ing to participate in the program
of the U. S. H. A., provided its
own were adequately safeguarded,
the initial legislative steps have
been taken.
Amendments to the Alley Dwelling
Authority Act paving the way for the
largest expenditure* ever contemplated
for low-rent housing and slum clear- j
ance in the District were approved by
the Budget Bureau yesterday after
noon for introduction in Congress
early this week.
Drawn up at the direction of Presi
dent Roosevelt and assured, therefore,
of White House backing, the proposals
were at once submitted to Chairman
King of the Senate District Committee
by John Ihlder. executive officer of
the A. D. A. Senator King, a hearty
advocate of the program, said he would
introduce the amendments Tuesday
and call a meeting of the committee a
day or so later to consider them. He
seemed confident of speedy action.
Loan of 10 Million.
The bill has three main objectives:
1. To enable the A. D. A. to acrept
the offer of Administrator Nathan
Straus of the United States Housing
Authority to lend it $10,000,000 to
$15,000,000 for subsidized low-rent
housing, the terms to be on a parity
with those granted authorities in other
2. Authorize the Treasury to loan
the A. D. A. not to exceed $1,000,000
for five years to carry forward Inde
pendently its own balanced program of
slum reclamation and low-rent houses
for which economic, self-liquidating
rentals are to be fixed.
3. Empower the A. D. A. to acquire
vacant land for the purpose of erecting
low-rent dwellings for families sub
stantially equal in number to those
whose dwellings it demolishes in
squares not adapted to low'-rent
The amendment authorizing $5,000.
000 from the Treasury. Mr. Ihlder
said in an accompanying statement,
was suggested bv President Roosevelt.
It is considerably more than the
President ' indicated last week when
he saw Mr. Ihlder and settled a con
troversy which made the local housing
problem an acute issue.
Wording of Amendment.
Senator King said last night he had
some doubts about the wording of this
“I wish we could get that $5,000,000
out of the $500,000,000 fund of the
United States Housing Authority.” he
said. “It seems like robbing Peter to
pay Paul. I am somewhat afraid it
will lead to other cities making a like
demand on the Treasury.”
The amendments will be submitted
to Chairman Palmisano of the House
District Committee tomorrow. He was
out of the city yesterday. With ap
proval of all agencies involved, the
legislation should encounter little diffi
culty in passage.
The District is seeking no special
favors under the amendments.
Because of pending proposals to
change the United States Housing Act
so as to provide for loans up to 100
(See SLUMil, Page A-5J
More Than 1,000 Men and Women
Crowd Gaming: Rooms
of Vessel.
Br the Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES. May 14—Prank
Cornero and Ralph Owen were booked
at the Los Angeles County Jail late
today on suspicion of kidnaping, escape
and resisting an officer as an after
math of a raid by officers early today
on the palatial gambling boat Rex, off
the Santa Monica coast.
The charges were filed by the dis
trict attorney’s office on the grounds
one of Its detectives, Tom Cavett^who
participated in the raid that resulted
in the arrest of 64, had been held cap
tive for a time on a water taxi en
route from the ship.
After Cavett was released the United
States Coast Guard was called in to
search for the boat.
Besides the district attorney’s office,
sheriff's deputies and Santa Monica
police participated in the raid. More
than a thousand men and women
crowded the gaming rooms and cock
tail bars when the officers appeared.
Cavett charged that when he at
tempted to arrest Cbrnero, Owen and
five others on the water taxi, Cornero
ordered it to put out to sea. The de
tective later was dropped off at a fish
ing barge.
Storm in Richmond.
RICHMOND, Va„ May 14 OP).—
Wind of near-gale proportions, sweep
ing through Richmond tonight, inter
rupted telephone, telegraph and street
car service, plunged sections of the
city into darkness, uprooted more than
100 trees, blew out plate-glass window*
and caused fires In two residences.
^==~'7*'. t» /
- .
Comes From Behind, Scores
by 7 Lengths in Mud as
25,000 Fans Watch.
Associated Press Sports Writer.
BALTIMORE. May 14.—Dauber,
the horse that didn't start running in i
the Kentucky Derby until it was too j
late, found the shorter distance of the
48th Preakness at Pimlico's rain
soaked course made to his order to- j
day and romped to an impressive
Flying the sapphire blue and gold
silks of William Du Pont, jr.'s Fox
catcher Farm, the chestnut son of
Pennant-Ship OWar, second in the
Derby, lived up to his reputation as a
great, mudder. He went to the poet
the 3-to-2 choice of the rain-soaked
and chilled crowd of 25,000 and he
didn't disappoint.
Under the guidance of Maurice
(Moose) Peters, the Foxcateher ace
tossed slop and mud in the faces of
eight, worthy rivals, finishing the mile
and 3 16 of America's richest race for
3-year-olds with sever, lengths to spare
over Townsend B. Martin's Cravat, a
rank outsider. Hal Price Headley's
Menow, the early pace-setter as he
was in the Derby, was third, losing
runner-up honors by a nose as Jack
Westrope brought Cravat from far
back in the final drive.
Pays $3 in Mutuels. j
Backers of Dauber received $5 for i
each *2 invested in a win mutuel |
ticket and Du Pont, of the Wilming- j
ton, Del.. Du Fonts, pocketed $51,875 i
of the gross purse of $69,500. The j
victory. Dauber's second in six starts j
since being purchased out of the C. j
V. Whitney dispersal sale for $29,000
last fall, ran the colt's earnings for j
the year to $69,175. He finished in i
the money in each of his four other
races, losing the $50,000 Santa Anita i
Derby by a half-length to Stagehand j
and the Kentucky Derby by a length
to Lawrin.
The conditions were ideal for the j
mud-loving Dauber but not for the
crowd, which braved the worst weather !
since Nellie Morse won in 1924. A !
chilling rain started sweeping the
course early in the morning and never
let up all afternoon. The majority of
the spectat<jrs jammed the over-taxed
stands, but thousands stood out in
the rain and took it.
Despite the sloppy track. Dauber
stepped the distance in 1:59 4-5, only
(Continued on Page B-6,'Column 7.)
Cleveland Demonstration Called
Monday—Council Seeks Funds
to Feed 87,000.
By the Associated Press.
CLEVELAND, May 14.—A group of
Cleveland’s unemployed today threat
ened a sit-down at City Hall as Mayor
Harold H. Burton and his aides met
to hunt for relief funds for the latter
half of May.
“All down to City Hall for relief,”
said one notice posted at an East Side
relief station by sit-downers there.
"We will sit in until we get some
thing done instead of leaving (he peo
ple of Cleveland starve.”
The demonstration was called for
Monday night, when the City Council
will meet to act on a stop-gap appro
priation to provide food to 87,000 di
rect relief clients whose emergency
food orders run out Monday.
Sit-downers continued at two of the
city’s six relief stations where many
recipients complained grocers had ap
plied their relief orders on long-over
due accounts and had refused further
credit. .
The State Legislature goes into ses
sion Monday to act on Ohio’s relief
needs. Some quarters expressed belief
money would not be available for two
weeks or more from this source, how
British Ship Bombed.
MADRID, May 14 (/P).—The British
steamer Greatend, twice damaged in
air raids earlier this week, was direct
ly hit and set afire last night in an
insurgent bombing of Valencia in
which 20 persons were killed and
about 30 injured. The vessel was tied
up and no one was aboard when the
bomb struck amidships.
Submarines Carry
Catalonian Mails
To Rest of Spain
By the Associated Press.
BARCELONA, May 14—Prob
ably the first submarine mail i
service in history is operating
between Catalonia and govern
ment Spain proper.
The extraordinary transporta
tion means is necessary because
Catalonia has been severed from
the rest of government terri
tory by the insurgent push to
the Mediterranean.
The government finance minis
try has ordered a special issue
of submarine stamps in various
denominations for the new
sen ice.

American Say* They Destroyed
His Pictures of Grave of
Mayor's Mother.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
PARIS, May 14.—Maurice Gould,
an engineer of New York, reached
Paris today with a story of how Ger
man customs officials had tom up
pictures which he hfd taken in Buda
pest of the grave of the mother of
Mayor F. H. La Guardia of New York.
Mr. Gould, who was ending a two
month vacation in Europe, said that
while in Budapest he and several
friends and relatives visited the Jew
ish cemetery where the mayor's
mother is buried. They placed flowers
on her grave and Mr. Gould took two
pictures which he Intended to give
to the mayor.
Yesterday, he said, when his train
was stopped at the German-Swiss
frontier, two guards searched his lug
gage. They found four pictures, the ■
two Gould had taken and two en
largements. They recognized the
name ' La Guardia” on the grave, ac
cording to Gould, asked him if he
was a friend or relative of the New
York mayor, and took down the
names and descriptions of those per
sons who were standing by the grave.
When they left, Mr. Gould said, one
of them tore up the two small pic
tures and threw the enlargements on
the floor of the train.
tCopyrltht, JM.'Ot, by New York Trib
une. Inc.)
France Seeks $140,000,000 for
National Defense.
PARIS. May 14 <>PL — Premier
Edouard Daladier tonight launched a
campaign for a 5.000.000,000 franc
($140,000,000) defense loan with an
appeal to the nation fw funds “indis
pensable to the safety” of Fiance.
The premier's address, in grave, de
liberate tones, was broadcast on a
nation-wide hook-up while posters ap
peared In Pans urging Frenchmen to
subscribe to the loan "for your lib
erties and peace.” ,
Pension Bill Signed.
President Roosevelt signed a bill
yesterday to grant pensions to widows
and children of World War veterans
who had a 10 per cent service-connect
ed disability at the time of their
deaths. The law previously required a
20 per cent disability.
_ j
House Group Is Due to Hold!
Sessions Wednesday
and Thursday.
The stifled District's long battle
lor the right to rote was sent
hurtling toward a climax two weeks •
ago when in an unofficial poll
Washington residents voted *7,092 ■
to 6.74t for national representation \
and 82,971 to 10,757 for local stif- j
Organized voteless citizenry of
Washington is preparing in many
quarters to present to Congress next
Wednesday and Thursday its plea for
suffrage through constitutional amend- !
Hearings before the House Judiciary
Committee on two pending bills to i
provide suffrage by constitutional
amendment probably will extend
through both morning and afternoon j
sessions of the two days.
This was indicated as Chairman ;
Sumners of the committee last night:
expressed his willingness to ask the j
House for consent to hold the hear- !
ings during sessions of the House. It
was believed he would ask the House
tomorrow or Tuesday for such consent.
By courtesy to a committee chairman
the House is expected to grant the re
Marshaling their forces, the Citi- I
fens’ Joint Committee on National
Representation and the Citizens Con
ference on Suffrage for the District
of Columbia were making plans over
the week end for appearances before
the House committee.
To Present Results of Poll.
Results of the recent plebescite in
which Washingtonians marched to
the unofficial ballot boxes and re
corded themselves overwhelmingly in
favor of both national representation
and local suffrage will be presented
to the committee.
Preliminary to the hearings several
activities will pave the way for the
official appeal Wednesday and Thurs
Tomorrow afternoon the Executive !
Committee of the Citizens’ Joint Com
mittee on National Representation !
will hold a special meeting in the of- !
flees of the Board of Trade, beginning
at 3:30 o’clock. Plans will be discussed
for the hearings. Theodore W. Noyes,
chairman of the Citizens' Joint Com
mittee. plans to preside.
Mr. Noyes will present the problem
of voteless Washingtonians to the Na
tion tomorrow night, when he speaks
over the National Radio Forum, ar
ranged by The Washington Star, and
broadcast over a Nation-wide network
of the National Broadcasting Co. Mr.
Noyes will speak at 10:30 p.m. He will
be heard here over Station WMAL.
His subject is: "The forgotten man,
and not forgetting the forgotten wom
an—the political and fiscal relation
ship between the United Slates and its
National Capital community."
The Citizens’ Joint Committee on
National Representation is making ar
rangements for its presentation at the
hearings through its Subcommittee on
Congressional Hearings, headed by
George E. Allen, who has just re
signed as Commissioner of the Dis
trict of Columbia but whose resigna
tion does not go into effect until next
Arrangements have been made for
(See SUFFRAGE, Page A-6.)
Jig Up for Showgirl Elected
Town Boss on Dance Platform
By tt'e Am elated Press.
DISNEY, Okla., May 14—The Jig
is up, the “dance dictator” has lost
her crown, the law is in the saddle.
This was the latest development
growing out of the election four days
ago of Miss Billy Baker, former Wild
West'showgirl, who was elected tem
porary town boss for 30 days on a
song-and-dance platform.
Bespectacled Hale Dunn, who be
came Disney’s chief of police soon
after the Grand River Dam town be
gan to buzz, nailed a big sign on a
tree in front of the city jail. It read:
“I am the law in Disney. No woman
can run this town by a damsite while
I am in the saddle. I rule or I re
sign. Hale Dunn, chief of police.”
It was a victory for the police chief,
who had called the experiment in SO
day* of song and dance and as many
of peace and quiet the "nuttiest thing
I ever heard of."
Supporting Mr. Dunn was the Citi
zens' Protective League, business men
who yesterday demanded the chamber
void' the election of Miss Baker, whose
nickelodeon politics outbid the "sound
sleep" policy of Mrs. Vera Silar. The
conservative was to have her way, how
ever, the second 30 days.
The league appealed to Mayes Coun
ty Attorney H. A. Kehn, who said:
"In view of the fact that the city
is not Incorporated, Hale Dunn, who
holds both a State and a- county com
mission, is in authority and his orders
cannot be superseded."
■file dethroned queen, operator of a
cafe, expressed surprise. "I would
liked to have had a chance," she
said, "but the law is the law—and
you may hear from me later when it
eomes time to elect the Mayor after
Criminal Justice Report
Says Major Offenses Rose
11.6 Percent.
Criminal Justice Association
Believes “Willie Pye’’ Arrests
Will Be Eliminated.
The Washington Criminal Jus
tice Association was organized in
June, 1936, by a group of public
spirited citizens as a “fact-finding,
fact-analyzing and fact-dissimilat
ing body." Extensive records are.
kept on day-to-day crimes in
Washington and their disposition.
The march of crime continued at a
faster pace in the District of Co
lumbia last year, but forces of law
and order at the same time inten
sified their drive on the underworld
with telling effect, according to tha
Washington Criminal Justice Asso
In its second annual report, mad#
public last night, the association de
clared that although major crimes in
Washington increased 11.6 per cent in
1937 over 1936. law enforcement effi
ciency increased along several fronts—
especially in the police sector.
Among findings, based on compre
hensive studies made during the year,
That police solved a higher per
centage of crimes last year than in
That 6.1 per cent more arrests were
That so-called "Willie Pye,” or tech
nical arrests, severely criticized in the
association's first report, will soon be
Serious crimes chargeable to juve
niles increased 50 per cent last year,
indicating "a need for further inves
tigation of the juvenile problem."
Police Court convictions averaged
8.9 per cent of all arrests—about the
same level as 1936—but discharges
dropped 3.2 per cent.
40 Per Cent More Indictments.
The grand jury handed down 40
per cent more indictments, due par
tially to a new policy of indicting de
fendants on all charges brought by
police, instead of two selected felonies.
There was an increase in number
of cases in which persons were found
guilty of criminal charges in District
There was no appreciable reduction
in the length of time required for
trial of cases in District Court—the
average period from indictment to
close of trial being seven to eight
The multiple indictment policy. In
many instances, has resulted in heavier
sentences in flagrant felony cases.
Use of probation increased 8 per
cent, although the probation system
is handicapped by an inadequate
staff—a situation indicating "the need
for careful study of the entire proba
tion system.”
Extensive reforms in the bail-bond
system are being effected to remedy
abuses set forth by the association in
a special report to court officials.
Illustrated With Charts.
The association Is headed by Eugene
Meyer as president, with Dr. James
A. Nolan as managing director.
The report, illustrated with numer
ous charts, deals with 16 of the more
serious crimes—arson, aggravated as
sault, carnal knowledge, embezzle
ment. false pretense, forgery, grand
larceny, housebreaking, incest, may
hem, murder, perjury, rape, receiving
stolen goods and robbery.
Housebreaking and robbery ac
counted for most of the increase in
major crimes here last year, the study
showed. Washington was not alone
among cities with respect to crime
Increases, it was pointed out.
"Washington is a city not only
unique in government,” the report
said, "but unique in its population
as well. Its transient population is
very large, its temporary residual pop
ulation greater, perhaps, than any city
its size: its traffic problems, due to
its high rate of vehicle registrations,
unusual, and a great portion of Its
citizenry come from States and cities
where different customs and modes
are to be found. Thus, many of its
police problems arise from a conflict
of cultural values, which gives Wash
ington many social problems not en
countered by other large cmes.•,
Higher Percentage Solved.
There were 7.507 felonies last year
of the type Included In the associa
tion’s survey, as compared with 6,818
in 1936.
“Despite the fact that more major
crimes were committed than in the
previous year,” the report stated, “the
police solved by actual arrest a higher
percentage of crimes than in 1936.
Actual arrests were made in 2.801 of
the 7.507 offenses reported, or fn 87.3
per cent of all the crime reported. In
1936 actual arrests were made In 31.2
per cent of all crimes reported.
“This represents an increase in po
lice activity of 6.1 per cent. It is well
to note that no new police have been
added to the department, despite the
rising population of the District, and
that the increased activity was due to
greater efficiency within the depart
ment itself, as well as the willingness
of police to work extra time to cope
with the crime situation.”
A subreport by the association's
Police Committee, of which John A.
Remon is chairman, showed that the
criticized “Wiljie Pye" arrests, by
which some persons are charged with
crimes that are never reported to the
grand Jury—and the crimes thereby
are listed as solved—were reduced ma
terially by co-operation of Police Supt.
Ernest W. Brown. These "technical”
arrests dropped from 25 per cent of all
(See CRIME Page A-207)
Radio Programs, Page F-3.
Complete Index, Page A-2.

xml | txt