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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 22, 1938, Image 1

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(IT 8. Weather Bureau Forecaet.)
Mostly cloudy and cooler today, prob
ably showers this morning; tomorrow fair;
gentle to moderate winds. Temperatures
yesterday—Highest, 85, at 4 p.m.; lowest,
63. at 5 a.m.
Full report on page A-2.
Full Associated Press
News and Wirephotos
Sunday Morning and
Every Afternoon.
V„ 1 TQ1 XT- O \ T1 Entered is second class matter
X>0. 1,101 —1>0. p0st once. Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON, D. €., MAY 22, 1938 -122 PAGES.
—i H i ■ - Jk... — ■ 1 1 ■—- ...I ■■ "
I France Reaffirms
Pledge of Aid
to Ally.
Polls Call on Praha to
Explain Shifts in.
Fy the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 22 (Sunday),—Nazi
Germany, aided by Poland and ap
parently heedless to British pleas,
whipped fearful Europe into a war
scare today with a warning to
harassed Czechoslovakia to grant
autonomy demands of her German
' minority.
In a tone as violent as the ulti
matum to Austria which preceded
German annexation of that country,
Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm
Goering’s newspaper thundered a
•‘last, urgent appeal” to Czecho
slovakia, where two Nazis were killed
The field marshal's newspaper, the
Essen National Zeitung. appeared to
have forgotten German assurances
that Czechoslovakia would not suffer
Austria's fate. •
Poland, in turn, demanded expiana
, tion of reports that Czechs were
massing troops near the Polish border.
I Hitherto on the fence, Poland took
action apparently paralleling Ger
many s' despite recent urgent French
and British efforts to rally Warsaw
bphind London and Paris.
The Soviet Union was ominously
France, committed to fighting for
Czechoslovakia in case of unprovoked
aggression against her, looked to Lon
don for suppe....
In Whitehall, wearied Viscount
' Halifax, British foreign secretary, t
kept in touch with Europe's capitals
into the early morning hours.
London and Paris still refused to
believe, however, that Germany would
provoke a war which was virtually
certain to range Britain, France and
Russia against her. They felt she
would take any chance of gaining her
ends in Czechoslovakia by peaceful
Nazi Press Thunder*.
by the Associated Press.
. BERLIN, May 22 (Sunday)—Field
Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering’s
newspaper today issued a "last and
urgent appeal” to the government of
Czechoslovakia to grant at once de
mands of that nation’s German mi
"At the same time Germany is fully
aware of the dangerous intentions and i
deliberate attempts prepared by Praha ;
against order in Europe and against a 1
continuation of common sense.
"Germany has the right during these |
critical hours to demand from the
world an objective valuation of the
facts and also a corresponding atti- ,
tude * * *.
Victims Only Germans.
"No Czechs were shot down early
Saturday but victims of this planned
man hunt were Sudeten Germans and ;
members of the greater German na
tion, which in full knowledge of its re- j
sponsible mission, before the whole |
1 world issues a last and urgent appeal
to those in responsible positions in
Praha to end immediately this bloody
and unlawful terror and not delay an
other hour the fulfillment of Sudeten
German demands * * *.
"It is the wish of Germany that the
Czechoslovak government may in a
last hour be able to rightly interpret
the signs of the times.”
Berlin newspapers, devoting their
entire front pages to developments in
Czechoslovakia, attracted large crowds
at news stands. There were many
street-corner debates on pros and cons
of the situation.
The German press fanned anti
Czech feeling to white heat with ac
counts of disorders in the neighboring
republic, where there is a minority of
3,500,000 Germans.
British anxiety over reports of Ger
man troop movements to Czecho
slovakia drew German reassurances
(See CZECHS, Page A-4.)
Goes on Cruise in Bay After
Watching Regatta With
His Family.
By the Associated Press.
ANNAPOLIS, Md., May 21.—Presi
dent Roosevelt, putting aside official
duties, motored here today to see the
Navy, Harvard and Pennsylvania
crews race In the Adams Cup Regatta.
After the regatta, the President
started a week-end trip aboard the
Navy yacht Potomac, to return to the
White House late Sunday afternoon.
A crimson necktie and a blue band
on his straw hat evidenced the divi
sion of the seagoing President's loy
alties between his alma mater, Har
vard, and Navy.
His two sons, James and John, made
no secret, however, that their hopes
were on Harvard, also James’ alma
mater. John graduates there next
month. Mrs. Roosevelt, the Presi
dent's wife, and Mrs. James Roose
velt, his daughter-in-law, also were in
the group which watched the race.
Mrs. Roosevelt and Mr. and Mrs.
James Roosevelt returned to the Cap
ital after the races, leaving the re
mainder of the party to accompany
the President on the cruise down
Chesapeake Bay and up the Poto
mac River.
Radio Programs, Page F-3.
Complete Index, Page A-C.
Plan Charged to Umeat Jenks
To Re-elect Senator Broun
Democrats Reported Set
to Give His Place in
House to Roy.
Representative Arthur B. Jenks. Re
publican. of New Hampshire is to be
cast to the lions by the Democratic
majority of the House this week in or
der to help re-elect Senator Fred H.
Brown and generally carry the State
for the Democratic party next Novem
ber. That, at least, is the version given
by the Republicans.
Mr. Jenks, if the plans of the Demo
cratic leaders work out, is to be un
seated. In his place the House ma
jority will place Alphonse Roy, Mr.
Jenks’ Democratic opponent in the
1936 election.
Mr. Roy is what they call in New
Hampshire a “Frenchman”—he is of
French blood. About 25 per cent of
the voters in the State are of similar
extraction. What the Democratic high
command fears is that if Mr. Roy is
not seated and Mr. Jenks is not turned
out, these voters will not support the
Democratic candidates in the election
this year. That, again, is the version
of the Republicans. The Democrats
reply that a majority of the House
Committee on Elections. No. 3. has
reported, after investigation, that Mr.
Roy is entitled to the seat which Mr.
Jenks has been occupying since Janu
ary. 1937.
The Roy-Jenks case is of consider
able interest—more so than the usual
contest for a seat in the House—be
cause the political fate of a United
States Senator, of a Governor and of
candidates for the House appear to be
The House itself, of course, will de
termine the fate of Mr. Jenks. If
th" arguments presented by the Re
publicans in support of Mr. Jrnks
are sufficiently convincing to enough
of the Democratic members—and they
i See JENKS. Page A-3.)
Hankow Goal of Nipponese.
Says Commander in
Central China.
Capture of Suchow completed one
phase of Japanese campaign to
conquer China and gave them base
from which to operate against
Chengchow, function of Peiping
Hankow and Lunghai Railways.
From there Japanese expect to
follow the rail line to Hankow,
temporary seat of fugitive Chinese
Nationalist government.
by the .issr dated Press.
SHANGHAI, May 21— Japanese,
plunging deeper through the heart of
China from conquered Suchow, re
ported tonight that Chinese resistance
along the vital Lunghai Railroad
rapidly was crumbling.
Maj. Gen. Shunroku Hata. com
mander of Japan's armies in Central
China, belittled China's defensive
strength and declared "we intend to 1
go to Hankow.”
The general's statement to an As- j
soria ted Press correspondent was the
first he has given a foreign newspaper
man since assuming his command.
Lunghai Railway Broken.
Capture of Suchow, which broke
the Lunghai at its junction with the
important north-south Tientsin-Pu
kow Railroad, apparently is to be only
a phase of a campaign aimed at ob
literating the forces of Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek.
Japanese declared they had cap
tured Gen. Tan Tao-yuan, commander
in chief of China’s 22nd Army, near
Suhsien, north of Suchow.
(Japanese at Peiping said all
survivors of Gen. Tan’s staff also
were captured when Japan’s forces
seized his headquarters 25 miles
east of Suhsien. Army com
muniques there said military rail
traffic from Tientsin to Suchow
would be established tomorrow or
Monday "and very soon beyond
Officers of Gen. Hata's staff, who
directed the assault on Suchow from
the south, declared the remnants of
China’s central front armies wer%
trapped and faced surrender or an
They estimated several hundred
thousand Chinese were encircled by
Japanese within an area 15 by 25
miles from which there w»as virtually
no escape:
Three More Towns Taken.
Japanese military dispatches late
tonight reported occupation of three
towns between Kweiteh and Lang
fang, west of Suchow along the
They said two Chinese divisions re
treated after losing the unidentified
towns, leaving 800 dead.
The fall of Lanfeng, Japanese said,
was imminent and the next step in
welding the Lunghai corridor to
Japan's conquests in North and Cen
tral China would be Kaifeng, about
180 miles inland from Suchow.
Beyond Kaifeng, the next objective
in Japan’s 500-mile drive westward
toward Hankow, China’s temporary
seat, would be Chengchow, where the
Lunghai crosses the Peiping-Hankow
Railroad, China’s second important
north-south line.
Missionaries Imperiled.
Spread of Japan’s main armies
westward imperiled thousands of Chi
nese civilians and almost 200 foreign
Twelve Americans were believed to
be at Kaifeng, where Japanese air
raids already had caused heavy dam
age. American Free Methodist mis
sionaries are stationed at Kaifeng.
Chcinliu and Kihsien, southwest of
Kaifeng, one of the towns bombed by
Japanese warplanes carrying out
sweeping raids in advance of the
ground forces. Five Americans were
believed to be at Pohsein, in Northwest
Anhwei Province, the farthest west
the Japanese have stuck.
House Members to Seek
Data on Valuations of
‘Free’ Property.
The Jacobs report on fiscal re
lations between the Federal and
District governments, made in
1936-37, estimated 36 per cent of
the total valuation of taxable and
exempt property in the District
represented exempt property. Of
this, 31 per cent is United States
owned and 7 per cent owned by
the District and other untaxed
owners. This was a higher tax
exempt percentage than 17 other
cities comparable to the District.
Aroused over continued removal of
privately owned property from the
District tax rolls, several members of
the House District Committee planned
last night to call on the Commissioners
and other municipal officials for a
comprehensive investigation to deter
mine whether such exemptions are
The committee members proposed
to ask the District officials to submit |
a report early In the next Congress
showing the amount of property owned
by various religious, patriotic and
charitable institutions which is ex
empt from taxation, the assessed value
of the property and the revenue it
would yield if taxed at the prevailing
$1.75 rate. The report. It was said,
also should show what effect the
restoration of the tax-exempt prop
erty to the tax rolls would have on
;he tax rate.
Representative Dirksen, Kepumican,
of Illinois, who has taken the initiative
in urging the survey, feels that Con
gress in recent years perhaps has been
too liberal in enacting legislation add
ing more and more privately owned
property to the tax-exempt list. In
the last several months, he pointed
out, the House District Civimittee, of
which he is the ranking minority
member, has favorably reported three
bills designed to save certain organi
zations in Washington the annual ex
pense of real property taxes.
Burden on Home Owners.
“I believe the tax-exempt problem
is becoming increasingly acute," he de
clared. “Every piece of property with
drawn from taxation means a greater
burden on the home owner.
“The whole question of tax-exempt
property here, in my opinion, should
be studied by the proper municipal
officials with a view to revising exist
ing laws which originally removed the
property from taxation.”
Mr. Dirksen proposed to recommend
the creation of a special commission
to make the tax-exemption investiga
tion. He believes the commission
should spend the summer and fall on
its work and be prepared to report to
the District Committee early in the
next session of Congress. The com
mission, he said, should be composed
of the tax assessor, the tax collector,
the auditor and budget officer and
the commissioner in charge of the tax
assessing and collecting agencies.
Representative Cole, Republican, of
New York is another member of the
(See TAX, Page A-8.)
Lon in Florida Citrus Belt Placed
at 910,000,000.
TAMPA, Fla.. May 21 (A>).—Lack
of rain in the Florida citrus belt in
the past 60 days already has cost
Florida citrus growers more than $10.
000,000 and the drougth rapidly Is
approaching serious proportions, E. S.
Ellison, head of the Federal-State
Frost Warning Service, said today.
Mr. Ellison estimated about $5,
oob.ooo of the loss was to new fruit
and the other $5,000,000 was damage
to young trees. He has just completed
a survey of the principal citrus sec

President Absent at Time.
Plane Similar to
22 Cedillistas Killed, 15 Injured
and 80 Captured—Ambush
Also Reported.
Mexico, beset by heightening ten
sion as result of oil expropriations
in March, failure to obtain markets
for surplus production and sever
ance of diplomatic relations with
Great Britain a week ago, Gen.
Saturnino Cedillo, agrarian leader,
warned President Cardenas he was
ready to repel aggression against
him by force of arms.
B> the Associated Press.
21—A high-flying white airplane
dropped lour bombs today less than
100 yards from the temporary resi
dence of President Lazaro Cardenas,
whose federal troops clashed with
rebels in an outbreak of warfare at
Rio Verde.
The white plane resembled the two
transport-bombing craft known to be
in the possession of Gen. Saturnino
Cedillo. leader of the uprising in this
state against Cardenas’ government.
Cardenas was not in the residence
when the bombs dropped.
Apparently 25-pounders, the pro
jectiles fell on the edges of the army
flying field just behind the house in
which Cardenas, here to direct opera
tions against Cedillo, is living.
Rebel Rand Smashed.
Federal government troops smashed
A rebel band at Rio Verde in the first
flash, with 22 rebels reported killed.
15 wounded and 80 captured. One
federal captain and two privates were
killed in the outbreak, which brought
to a hpad a rightist-leftist dispute
many have feared might spread
throughout the nation.
Gen. Manuel Avila Camacho, min
ister of national defense, announced
that before federal troops went into
Rio Verde, southeast of here, it was
ambushed by two rebel bands, one
commanded by Ramon Rivera and the
other by Pablo Martinez
Gen. Avila Camacho said the rebels
were beaten off Hi an engagement in
which they suffered 15 casualties and
lost 5 as prisoners.
No damage was done by the bombs,
which fell near the flying field, 3 miles
from San Luis City proper. Two army
pursuit planes took the air quickly to
attack the raiding plane, but were soon
The attacking plane dropped mani
festos signed by Gov. Hernandez Netro
of this state and four San Luis state
legislators. It declared they no longer
recognized the Cardenas government.
Hernandez Netro has been missing
from San Luis City since yesterday.
Cardenas Ansent.
When the bombing plane dropped its
cargo of projectiles President Cardenas
was away with Gen. Manuel Avila
Camacho, minister of antional defense,
visiting a new school for children of
Federal troops occupied Las Palomas.
Gen. Cedillo's richly appointed ranch
in San Luis Potosi state, late today.
They found it vacated.
Besides the Rio Verde battle, there
were reports of several other skir
mishes between the federal troops and
the rebels.
In one engagement Rodriguez Luna,
former private secretary to Gov. Her
nandez Netro, was reported killed.
Gen. Cedillo's hideout was reported
in the mountainous Huasteca region
of San Luis, near El Salto, on the
highway between San Luis City and
Morelos Viejos, some 200 miles east
of Mexico City.
In Mexico City a high government
official said the government had in its
possession documents indicating Gen.
Cedillo had sought the aid of the ex
propriated foreign oil industry in car
rying out his revolution against Presi
dent Cardenas.
This official said the documents
' (See MEXICO, Page A-4.)
Benjamin Franklin Might
‘Just Laugh,’ He Tel's
P» the Associat'd Prfss.
! the words and philosophy of Bpn.iamin
Franklin, former President Herbert
Hoover tonight took a dozen back
handed slaps at the New Deal.
Speakihg at a dinner rlimsxinz a
three-day program dedicating a new
Franklin memorial, the former Presi
| dent declared that "if we waked
Franklin up and walked him around
here for a few' days we might not quiet
him for the next 142 years.”
On the other hand, he added, "from
the stimulus to his magnificent sense
i of humor, he might just laugh.”
In a manner unlike that in his pre
| vious speeches Mr. Hoover struck out
■ at Government spending, relief, the
farm program, public works, devalu
ation and business regulation in good
humored fashion, using quotations
from Franklin on these subjects.
Admitting that he once delivered a
schoolboy oration on the life of the
famous Colonial statesman. Mr. Hoover
declared "I even substantiated Ben’s
view that we could all become healthy,
wealthy and wise if we got up early
in the morning. I haven't been so
| sure about it of late years—for I have
: not been able to find any one else
around then except the police.”
Backs Penny Savin*.
He a tied that "I also supported
Franklin in the theory that, you pot
! what we now rail social security bv
saving pennies and producing more.
That was before we discovered the
theory of restricted production and
spending ourselves into prosperity.
Franklin issued wise advice on the
i cure of economic depressions, the
former President said. “He asked
1 'what signify wishing and hoping for
better times?' He asserted that 'we
may make these times better if we
bestir ourselves’ and produce. He knew
none of the joys of planned economy.”
The Sage of Philadelphia also had
"defeatist ideas about extremes in
public works.” Mr. Hoover declared,
having once observed that “it is easier
to build two chimneys than to keep
one in fuel.” His opinion of borrowing
and debts, private and public, “taxed
his abundant command of expression”
because “to him they were the road
of sorrow, a vice more vicious than
lies, and in general the destroyers of
I liberty.”
Taking a more direct slap at Secre
tary of Agriculture Wallace, he quoted
Franklin’s statement that “he that
kills a breeding sow destroys all her
offspring to the thousandth genera
tion.” Mr. Hoover's reference was to
the pig-killing campaign of 1933 as
(See HOOVER. Page A-3.)
Boys in D. C. Area to Compete
In American Soap Box Derby
The Star and Legion Join Hands to Present Big
Racing Event for Lads 9 to 16 Years of Age.
Winner Goes to National Contest.
Attention—all boys between 9 and
16 years old!
The Star and the District Depart
ment of the American Legion are go
ing to join hands this summer and
have a Soap Box Derby for the boys
of Washington and the metropolitan
area of nearby Maryland and Virginia.
Read The Star carefully from now
on for derby information. You will get
the full details later, but the purpose
of this article today is just to give you
a general Web of the great all-Ameri
can Soap Box Derby, how it started
and what it is.
The first derby was held live years
ago in Dayton. Ohio. Its inspiration
came from a group of boys scooting
downhill in homemade, miniature
coaster automobiles, built from soap
boxes, stray wheels, scrap iron and a
little bit of everything. A Soap Box
Derby in Dayton attracted such wide
interest in other cities that in 1934
34 newspapers held derbies in their
home towns and each one sent its win
ner, crowned with local laurels and
prizes, to the national finals—* big
race held at Dayton. Forty-live thou
sand people were there to see it.
Since then the Soap Box Derby has
become an all-American event. In
19SB there were 02 city champions in
the national finals, which were moved
to Akron, Ohio. More than 50,000
youths took part in home-town races
all over the country. More than 90.000
witnessed the national meet. In 1936
the derby became a real international
affair with the boy champion from the
Union of South Africa racing against
the American titleholder.
Last year more than 100 city cham
pions raced at Akron before 120,000
people from 48 States. A new cham
pion was crowned, Bobby Ballard, 12,
of White Plains, N. Y. Each year
Bobby worked hard and long and ex
perimented in building better soap-box
racers. He was richly rewarded with
a shower of trophies and cups, as well
as a four-year college scholarship.
This year’s big wind-up in Akron
will be held August 14, with about 150
boys in the races.
Washington’s Soap-Box Derby will
be run on a moderately sloping hill
somewhere in the District, the tenta
tive date selected as July 23, and the
1 winner’s prize will be the trip to Akron
to race on the great Derby Downs
course. The winner and his father,
or other chaperone, will be guests of
The Star. There will be other prizes,
later to be announced, and every boy
(See DERBY, Page A-8.)
X?with the: I
Army Officer’s Ex-Wife Dies
In Plunge From Taft Bridge
Mrs. Hallip O. Kirksey,;
57, Had Been in Rest
Home in Arlington.
Mrs. Hallie O Kirksey. 57. divorced
wife of an Army Air Corps major,
plunged 110 feet to her death from
Taft Bridge into Hock Creek Parkway
yesterday after leaving a note directing ;
that her cousin, Arthur Clarendon
Smith, prominent business man and
civic leader, be notified.
Mrs. Kirksey. who was divorced
seven years ago from Maj. Guv Kirk
sey. now stationed on the West Coast,
had bpen living at a rest home in
Arlington. Va. Mrs. Eva G. Adams, in
charge of the home, said Mrs. Kirksey
left there about noon yesterday. She
had been in a depressed mood for some
time. Mrs. Adams said.
Several witnesses who saw the leap
said Mrs. Kirksey drove to about the
center of the bridge in a taxicab and.
after paying her fare and watching the
cab depart, climbed to the rail and
dropped over. Her body was badly
broken, although her fall was partially
checked by some low trees and bushes
into which she fell.
A witness summoned an ambulance,
which took her to Emergency Hospital.
She died there a few minutes after
admittance. Mr. Smith identified the
The note, found in her pocketbook
which she clutched in her hand in the
fall, was the only means of establish
Ing identity. It was unsigned and read,
"Pieaae notify Arthur C. Smith. Tele
phone North 3343.” This is Mr. Smith's
office number, but he could not be lo
cated for some time after she died.
Mrs. Smith went to the eighth pre
cinct when notified by police, but said
the writing on the note did not tally
with that of the person described toy
police as having died.
Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald
Issued a certificate of suicide.

Former Bank Official May
Go Free in Six Months.
Kurtz Plea Fails.
Conviction of Benedict M. McNeil
followed, collapse of Park Savings
Bank, which he served as assistant
cashier, with resulting loss to hun
dreds of depositors. Suit to re
cover from, directors has been pend
ing in courts for several years, with
Court of Appeals recently adjudg
ing them partially liable to de
Voicing new determination not to
show too much leniency to persons
convicted of violations of public trust,
the District Parole Board yesterday
tentatively approved the release—six
months hence—of Benedict M. Mc
Neil, former bank official, and denied
parole to Carl R. Kurtz, former In
vestment broker.
Subject to the development of a
satisfactory parole plan, McNeil would
be released next November 19. rough
ly six months before the termination
of his maximum term of four years,
making allowance for time credit for
good behavior.
In another decision, the board
denied parole to John Milton Crowder,
who is serving a straight sentence of
30 years, upon conviction of a charge
of second-degree murder, in connec
tion with the drowning of Mrs. Eliza
beth Traylor Wimbley and her 3-year
old daughter, in September, 1931.
McNeil was assistant cashier of the
now defunct Park Savings Bank. He
was sentenced to a term of from four
months to four years upon conviction
of conspiring with Robert S. Stunz,
cashier and vice president, to embezzle
$50,000 and to commit grand larceny
of $50,000. Stunz committed suicide
before he was indicted in the case.
Parole Refused Twice.
The board fcaid: "Parole twice has
been denied this applicant (McNeil)
because the board has felt and still
feels that officers and employes of
banks occupy positions of trust and
that it is not in the public interest
to grant early parole to those who
have betrayed that trust.
"However, the applicant now has
only one more year to serve of his
maximum four-year term (less good
time credit). "With allowance for
good behavior he will be released May
19, next, if denied parole. It is in the
public interest that applicant be grant
ed a brief period under parole super
vision, but it is clearly not in public
interest to expedite his release or to
show undue leniency. Parole is ac
cordingly denied for the present, but
granted effective November 19, next,
(See PAROLE, Pace A-4.)
Plans for Building Shell on
River Announced by
Plans for construction of a band
shell at the Water Gate of Arlington
Memorial Bridge for a concert series
by the National Symphony Orchestra
this summer were announced yes
terday by Dr. Hans Kindler. orchestra
director, and Harold A. Brooks, ap
pointed chairman of the Summer
Concert Committee by the Board of
Directors of the Orchestra Association.
Architects’ drawings of the shell
already have been inspected and work
on the project should get under way
within the next week or 10 days, Dr.
Kindler said. President Roosevelt last
week approved an allocation of $25,000
for the shell's construction by the
Works Progress Administration.
Twelve concerts will be given be
ginning July 10 and ending August
17. They will be presented on Wed
nesday and Sunday nights each week.
Dr. Kindler said yesterday it was
his hope that "summer symphonies"
can become permanent for Washing
Program to Be Varied.
He said he plans to present pro
grams as varied as possible, to sup
ply the "great demand for every kind
of music." He cited the strong pos
sibility of outdoor operas and ballets
in future to be presented along with
the orchestra.
Plans for the shell take in account
this possibility. It is to be con
structed on a barge provided by the
Navy Department and will be placed
approximately 30 feet off shore, a
greater distance than the one used
in the first series of this kind pre
sented here by the orchestra in 1935.
Dr. Kindler stated the architectural
design provides for an additional
barge, smaller in sire, to be placed in
front of the shell for use by the or
chestra should operas, ballets or sim
ilar presentations be offered from
the larger barge.
The shell is to be constructed along
Greek architectural lines. Dr. Kindler
stated, with provisions for a canvas
"roof” should one be needed at any
time. The designers are providing
for acoustics with the idea of having
no rpof.
Guest Conductors.
Guest conductors and soloists for
the series are being approached by
Dr. Kindler, he said, and the list
should be announced within 10 days
or two weeks.
He said there was a possibility of
having Perde Grofe or Paul White
man for one of the concerts this
Work-Relief Bill Reported
With Total Raised to
212 Million Added to Measure for
Parity Payments Under
Crop Law.
The relief-recovery bill, embody
ing spending for both work relief
and pump-priming activities, was
drafted to offset the sharp business
and industrial decline which set in
last fall. It is estimated the new
program will provide work for some
4.000.000 men. but it will throw the
original budget estimates for the
next fiscal year far out of balance.
Storm clouds of controversy were
gathering last night around the ad
ministration's work-relief bill, reported
from the Senate Appropriations Com
mittee yesterday with its total raised
to $3,247,000,000 and carrying several
major changes, including a ban on
P. W. A. competition with private
As Senate leaders prepared to begin
consideration of the widely revamped
measure at noon tomorrow. Senator
Norris, independent, of Nebraska an
nounced he wouid make a fight against
the restriction on P. W. A. allotment*
to local communities for utility proj
Other outstanding committee
amendments that may prolong dis
cussion. though less controversial than
the utility clause, include:
Addition of $212,000.00(1 for parity
payments to farmers under the new
crop control law.
Amendment by Senator Byrnes.
Democrat, of South Carolina bearing
somewhat on the wage-hour issue by
providing that if minimum pay rates
are established for private industry
they shall apply also to work relief
P. IV. A. Fund Curtailed.
The P. W. A. fund for non-Federal
loan and grant projects of cities was
sharply curtailed by there separata
committee moves.
First, the $965,000,000 direct appro
priation to P. W. A. was cut $100,000.
000 to offset, in part, the parity pay
ments to farmers.
Second—The P. W. A. was au
thorized to use $200,000,000 instead
of $100,000,000 of its funds for Fed
eral projects in the continental United
States, outside the District of Co
lumbia. The House originated the
ban against Federal projects in Wash
ington or the territories, and the Sen
ate Committee did not change it. The
question may still be raised on the
floor, however.
Third—The committee reduced from
$500,000,000 to $400,000,000 the au
thorization for loans by the P. W. A.
out of its revolving fund, derived from
sale of securities it receives on the
loan portion of non-Federal projects.
As the bill stands, therefore, the
public works section is left with a
direct appropriation of $665,000,000
for'non-Federal'projects and the re
duced revolving fund for non-Federal
loans, after allowing for the Federal
W. P. A. Sum Increased.
For the Works Progress Administra
tion. under Administrator Harry L.
Hopkins, the Senate Committee added
$175,000,000 to the House figure of
1 $1,250,000,000, not for the purpose of
| broadening the scope of the program,
but to make it cover eight instead of
seven months, to give Congress more
time in January to study what more
j should be done.
The total of direct appropriations
; from the Treasury was raised from
the House figure of $2,519,425,000 to
| $2,816,905,000, an increase of $297,
480.000. The House bill also contained
the $500,000,000 P. W. A. revolving
fund, a $100,000,000 R. P. C loan au
thorization for the Rural Electrifica
tion Administration, and a $35,000,000
authorization for public buildings to
be appropriated later. These items
made the entire House program $3,
154.000. 000.
What the Senate Committee did was
to boost the amount of direct appro
priations by including the farm pay
ments, adding an extra month to
the W. P. A. fund and several smaller
direct appropriations, and then cur
tailed the loan authorization features.
Besides shrinking the P. W. A. re
volving fund by $100,000,000, it
pruned the R. E. A. loan fund f-rom
$100,000,000 to $25,000,000 and the fu
ture public building authorization
from $35,000,000 to $5,000,000.
Even with these adjustments, how
ever, the Senate committee combined
program of appropriations and au
thorizations aggregates *3,247,000,000,
or about $93,000,000 more than the
combined House figure.
As the committee finished work and
ordered the bill reported, its chairman.
Senator Class of Virginia, announced
he is against the measure. He has
reserved the right to present a minor
ity report, he said, but indicated he
has not decided definitely on that
Debate on the measure will ba
opened by Senator Adams, Democrat
of Colorado, subcommittee chairman
in charge of the bill. In view of the
* (See RELIEF, Page A-4.)
Strike Fund Authorized.
NSW YORK, May 21 (/P).—John L.
Lewis today authorized a $50,000 grant
by the O. I. O. to aid the strike of
15.Q0O fur workers here, Irving Potash,
Strike Committee secretary, said.
Employers have termed the union
"Communist-led” by a "rule-or-ruin”

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