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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 23, 1938, Image 3

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Carroll Carter Makes Sweep
in Two-Day Meet at
Skyhaven Airport.
The orange and black plane owned
_ by Carroll Carter, 3839 Twenty-sixth
street N.E.. flew to victory in the two
major contests of the gasoline model
airplane meet at Skyhaven Airport,
near Sultland, Md., yesterday and
Carroll's craft soared into the blue
and stayed there for an average flight
time of 4!2 minutes to capture honors
In the open class contest.
In the contest closed to members
of the National Aeronautic Associ
*ation, the Carter plane. repeated the
victory with an average flying time
of 3 minutes 6 seconds. The averages
were based on the two longest flights
made by each plane in the two-day
Will Get Plane Trip.
The ace “pilot by proxy” will be
• rewarded by a trip to Philadelphia
with Col. Clarence Chamberlin, the
trans-Atlantic flyer, at the plane con
trols. Col. Chamberlin will escort
young Carter around the towm and
fly him back the next day.
Further recognition of the youth’s
proficiency as a plane builder will be
offered Thursday when the Aero Club
of Washington gives a noon banquet
at the Mayflower Hotel. Three cups
will go to Carroll, one cup for first
place in each class and a gold trophy
as grand prize.
Honor guest at the banquet will be
Col. Robert Olds, who flew the flag
ship of the six flying fortresses on
their good will trip to South America.
Col. Olds will present the awards to
• Although the Carter ship was in
the lead all the way. having held the
highest flight average at the end of
the first day, the competition for sec
ond-place honors was keen among
the 125 boys who participated in the
Second place in the N. A. A. con
test went to Jim Long, of Clarksburg,
W. Va„ whose plane made an average
flight of 2 minutes 30 seconds. Dale
Lively, also of Clarksburg, took third
place with an average of 2 minutes
1 second.
Ralph Campbell, 1239 Thirty-third
street N.W., won second place with
* an average flight time of 1 minute
45 seconds.
(■Continued Prom First Page t
parents or persons standing in the
place of parents. She said:
‘ The bill does not interfere with
any person receiving more than 40
cents an hour who works 40 hours a
* week or less. This should be clearly
understood. It in no way interferes
■with collective bargaining, but, rather,
in my judgment, gives added reason
for it in bargaining for wages over 40
cents an hour or hours less than 40 a
“The minimum wage and maximum
hours provisions and the child labor
provisions apply equally and similarly
all over the country to all industries
In interstate commerce, just as most
other Federal laws apply. There is
no complex machinery set up to ad
minister the act, no boards or agen
cies created.”
Cox Yields to Dies.
Mrs. Norton entered into an elabor
ate statement showing the need of
Federal law for minimum wages and
maximum hours for labor. In con
clusion she said: “I earnestly hope
that when the vote is taken on this
bill, you will prove to the people of
the United States that you have not
'forgotten them.”
Representative Cox of Georgia,
bitter opponent of the bill, had charge
of the time for the opponents. He
yielded his 10 minutes to Representa
tive Dies of Texas, a member of the
Committee on Rules. The Texan said
that the Black-Connery bill, which
had been recommitted by the House
last December, represented one ex
treme of wage-hour legislation and the
Norton bill represented the other.
The former, he said, set up a board
to fix hours and wages, with unlimited
discretion, practically, which he said
was extreme flexibility. The Norton
bill, he said, is rigid. He suggested j
that some medium ground might have j
been reached. He argued for a de
centralized machinery "before which
an employer can get his day in court.”
He insisted that the States should
have some say in the important matter
of fixing wages and hours of labor, and
that the Democratic platform had
said as much.
One criticism Mr. Dies made of the
Norton bill was that it gives the
^Secretary of labor the right to say
What constitutes interstate commerce.
“Why couldn’t this House decide
and write into the law what consti
tutes interstate commerce?” he asked.
He quoted from a letter written by
Miss Perkins, the Secretary of Labor,
saying she believed Congress should
define the law of interstate com
"I recognize the fact that Congress
Is going to pass this bill, even though
it be unworkable; that the supporters
of the measure, following the advice
.of Ben Cohen and Robert Jack'on.
have banded themselves together and
say that there shall be no amendment.
If this bill becomes a law, it will be
stricken down by the highest court.’’
O’Connor Supports Motion.
Mr. Dies added that in view of the
support of Wilkam Green and John
L. Lewis, with aU their political power,
the bill would surely go through.
* Representative John O’Connor of
New York, chairman of the Rules
Committee, supported the motion to
discharge the committee. “We have
a bill," he said, “the working people
He said that Congress must put “the
urge” behind some of the backward
States in order to see that labor re
ceived a living wage.
Representative Cox interrupted to
suggest that this legislation would put
8,000,000 workers out of employment.
“I don’t agree with you,” shouted
'Mr. O’Connor.
When the bill was finally before
the House, Mrs. Norton opened the
general debate with a plea to the
House to pass it without change. She
predicted that if a move to amend
it to provide for wage differentials
was successful, there was a strong
likelihood the measure would meet
the same fate as its predecessor, the
Black-Connery bill. She added:
“I don’t believe such a move will
be successful. Let's give this legisla
tion the consideration it deserves. It
is necessary if we are going to help
the underpaid workers of the country."
Pilotless Plane Crashes Into Auto
The plane of Capt. Ugo V. D’Annunzio, son of the famous Italian aviator-poet, Gabriel D An
nunzio, after it ran pilotless in widening circles at Seversky Field, Farmingdale, N.Y., and finally
crashed into a parked auto, injuring a woman. Capt* D* Annunzio was charged with thira-aegree
__ *>-—
Capt. D'Annunzio (in civilian clothes), as he was questioned
by police after the accident. A State trooper said Capt. D’An
nunzio failed to block the plane properly when he cranked it.
—Copyright, A. P. Wirephotos.
(Continued Prom First Page.)
the burden of tax laid upon respond
ents’ income as" may reach the State
is but a necessary incident to the co
existence within the same organized
government of the two taxing sov
ereigns. and hence is a burden the
existence of which the Constitution
presupposes. The immunity, if allowed,
would impose to an inadmissible extent
a restriction upon the taxing power
which the Constitution has granted to
the Federal Government.”
Profit-Seeking Concern.
The Port Authority is a bi-State
corporation created by compact be
tween New York and New Jersey to
survey transportation and terminal
facilities and port and harbor condi
tions in Newr York Harbor. It owns
and operates for profit bridges, tun
nels and interstate bus lines.
Justice Stone pointed out that the
implied restriction on the power of
the Federal Government to tax State
instrumentalities was first announced
in the case of “Collector vs. Day.”
That case, he said, sustained the im
munity from Federal taxation of the
salary of a State judge, because “the
immunity was deemed necessary to
protect the States from destruction by
the Federal taxation of those govern
mental functions which they were ex
ercising when the Constitution was
adopted and which were essential to
their continued existence.” ■ .
He agreed, however, that there are
cogent reasons why any constitutional
restriction upon the taxing power
granted to Congress so far as it can
be properly raised by implication,
should be narrowly limited.”
All Duties Not immune.
“In a period marked by a constant
expansion of Government activities and
the steady multiplication of the com
plexities of taxing systems,” Justice
Stone said, “it is perhaps too much to
expect that the judicial pronounce
ments marking ttye boundaries of
State immunities should present a
completely logical pattern. But they
disclose no purposeful departure from,
and indeed definitely establish, two
guiding principles of limitation for
holding the tax immunity of State in
strumentalities to its proper function.”
This, he said, means that activities
not essential to the preservation of
State governments are not immune
from taxation and that a tax can be
levied on individuals if the resulting
burden to the State is so speculative
and uncertain that if allowed it would
restrict the Federal taxing power with
out affording any corresponding tan
gible protection to the State govern
Former Representative Upshaw
Asserts It Should Be Chief
Concern of Man.
William D. Upshaw, former Repre
sentative from Georgia, told a large
congregation at the Fifth Baptist
Church. Seventh and E streets S.W.,
last night: “Religion is the biggest
business on earth and should be the
chief concern of mortal and immortal
Mr. Upshaw recalled that Dr. John
E. Briggs, who will celebrate his 29th
anniversary as pastor of the church
on Sunday, June 5, was known as “the
young preacher with the white life”
when Mr. Upshaw first knew him at
Mercer University in Georgia 40 years
ago. "That white life and conse
crated purpose have made his remark
able Washington ministry a notable
and beautiful success,” the speaker
The former Representative, widely
known as a temperance crusader, is
scheduled to address a Good Citizen
ship community rally at the Anacostia
Baptist* Church tonight on “Building
a New America.”
Wkite House Bid
Ruled au Honor,
Not a Pleasure
It’s an honor to accept a White
House invitation and not a pleasure.
That was the opinion of a White
House secretary today on a question
that has been troubling recipients of
such invitations. What is the correct
form for signifying acceptance?
When the matter was brought up
at Mrs. Roosevelt’s press conference
today, however, it was impossible to
get an official statement from social
secretaries on other fine points of the
acceptances, such as whether or not
the name of the guest should precede
that of the President.
How do you express the fact that
it is an honor to accept the invitation
if you place the name of the Presi
dent before that of the guest, several
newspaper women queried?
‘ And how do you spell honor?”
If it’s any comfort to guests who
have not definitely lined up with any
one school of thought, however, it
was revealed that no one form is used
enough to give it majority standing.
The important thing seems to be to
get the invitation answered.
— , -#
Gloves, each finger of which Is a
different color, are a new fad in Paris.
11 Maryland Counties Will
Be Visited This Year by
By the Associated Press.
Health on wheels in the form of a
State Health Department trailer
moved today on an itinerary of 11
Maryland counties to aid children in
the less populous districts.
Called the "health bus,” the trailer
is fitted with all the equipment usually
found in a children’s clinic. It is
divided into two compartments, one
used for physical examinations and
the other for dental examinations and
treatments. Health movies are shown
in the trailer or outside in the eve
nings to parents and children.
The trailer will be in charge of Dr.
Elizabeth Sherman, who has been
the examining physician for several
seasons. The staff includes Dr. Sher
man, a specialist in babies and young
children, and a dentist and public
health nurse.
Over 3,300 children were examined
at the health conferences conducted
in the trailer last summer. The trailer'
this summer will visit a larger area
than last year when it covered nine
counties, traveled 7 000 miles and
made stops at nearly 200 places.
Conferences will be held with
parents, who will be advised if their
children are in need of medical care.
Children are then referred to their
own physicians, since no medical
treatment is given by the State health
The tour began in Cecil County on
May 2 and is now in Charles County,
where it will remain until Wednesday.
The provisional schedule as announced
by Dr. J. H. M. Knox, Jr., chief of the
Bureau of Child Hjgiene, mc'udes:
St. Marys County. May 75 to June
3; Calvert, June 5 to 17; Prince
Georges, June 20 to 24, and Eastern
Shore counties, June 27 to August 26.
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