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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 24, 1938, Image 4

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EST. 1898 NAT. 8680
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Airmen Claim Destruction
of Trains and Tracks
in Morning Raid.
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, May 24.—The Japa
nese offensive to choke all China’s
railways today rolled toward Kaifeng,
ancient capital of Honan Province
and 40 miles east of the Important
junction at Chengchow.
Japanese planes bombed Kaifeng
in a morning attack and claimed de
struction of 10 trains and consider
able trackage. The station at Cheng
chow also was bombed, Impeding com
munications east therefrom.
Japanese artillery, tanks and caval
ry were moving toward Kaifeng, fol
lowed by infantry, which captured the
old city's key defenses at Lanfeng.
The nearest Japanese column was
fighting its way along the Lunghai
about Chaotaoylng, 15 miles east of
(Hankow dispatches said several
were killed at Kaifeng by aerial
bombardment and that the fight
ing a few miles east could be
heard within the city.)
By their capture of Suchow last week
the Japanese broke the great East
West Lunghai Railway at is junc
tion with the North-South Tientsin
Pukow Railroad.
By taking Kaifeng and then Cheng
chow, 180 miles west of Suchow, the
Japanese could cut the Lunghai’s
junction with the Peiping-Hankow
line and facilitate an eventual drive
toward Hankow itself, where is main
tained the temporary headquarters of
China Generalissimo Chiang Kai
shek’s government.
The Japanese plan appeared to be
to straddle the Peiping-Hankow Rail
road and co-ordinate a southward
drive against Hankow with flanking
offensives through Anhwei and Honan
Kaifeng, which is a major defense
before Suchow, is situated strategically
on a sandy plain six miles south of
the Yellow River and is surrounded
by a series of dikes and embankments
against recurring floods.
The population of 250,000 mostly
has evacuated.
Wife of Former Minister From
Aus’tria to Manage Agency
Here for Clothing Firm.
Although the future is uncertain
for the family of the former Minister
from Austria, Mme. Edgar L. G.
Proehnik will spend her time in the
meanwhile as Washington repre
sentative for a New York trousseau
and lingerie company.
»"I hope we stay in the United
States.” Mme. Proehnik, who was
born in thus country, said, “but I have
no idea just what will happen in the
Mme. Proehnik studied dress de
signing as a girl and has always de
signed her children’s clothes and
made most of them.
"If we’re still here in the fall, I’d
like to design tea gowns and neg
ligees,” she said, “but for the pres
ent I plan to manage a Washington
agency for a New York ready-made
lingerie company.”
What the fall has in store for the
diplomatic family will be settled by the
1st of September, Mrs. Proehnik said.
I She explained that the lease of the
house the Prochniks have taken at
1813 Twenty-fourth street N.W. will
expire at that time.
The Prochniks moved from the Aus
trian Legation at 2343 Massachusetts
avenue N.W. a month after Austria
was annexed by Germany. The for
mer Minister is now an attache of the
German Embassy, with the title of
“Minister Plenipotentiary.”
The Prochniks are awaiting the ar
rival of one of their three daughters,
Mrs. Francis L. Spalding, wife of the
American Vice Consul in Stuttgart,
Germany, who is expected from abroad
on Friday. Mrs. Spalding’s arrival will
reunite the family after a separation
of two years. The other Proehnik
daughters, Mrs. Jean de Sibour and
Patricia, both live in Washington. Pa
tricia and Edgar, the only son, both go
to schools here.
(Continued From First Page.)
be to invite a resumption of disorders
such as almost led to war last week
end, before the first set of municipal
elections last Sunday.
Aside from the possible election dis
turbances there were other potential
sources of disorler, it was explained.
The funeral of the two Sudenten
German victims of last Friday’s fron
tier shooting is tomorrow, and the
government feels troops should be on
hand to prevent any possibility of un
toward incidents.
Official circles cautioned against re
garding the interruptions of conver
sations as a breakdown of negotiaions.
Premier Hodza, one informant said,
will ’’remain in contact” with Henlein
through the two Sudeten German
deputies, Karl Hermann Frank and
Ernst Kundt, who remained in
Morning newspapers prominently
published government appeals to the
citizenry to continue to observe ex
cellent discipline.
While particular emphasis was laid
on the necessity of avoiding political
demonstrations likely to lead to. new
clashes, citizens also were warned that
panicky withdrawal of bank deposits
in a time of crisis could frustrate all
patriotism shown in other directions.
To Britain and France were attrib
uted firm assurances of support
against aggression before Sunday’s
tense municipal elections, but it was
understood here that these assurances
were predicated on an agreement for
the negotiations begun last night.
Basis for discussions was a project
ed minorities statute covering govern
ment by the various nationalities re
siding in Czechoslovakia, although
Henlein has indicated repeatedly he
would not accept it as satisfactory for
the 3,500,000 German minority.
Henlein’s Sudeten party announced
that his meeting with the Czecho
slovak premier marked "the beginning
of informative talks with the premier
which are to serve as a clarification
of the political situation.” It added
the meeting was at the premier's invi
The government said the premier’s
talks with Henlein were of an "in
formative" character for “clarification
and pacification of the political alt*
A Little Rain Won’t Matter
Rolled up trousers and an oversize umbrella accompanied these golfers at the annual £ts
trict Bar Association outing at the Congressional Country Club today. First to finish in the
day’s tournament, they are, left to right, Briggs Simpich, Clarence M. Charest, one-armed former
tennis champion; Bolitha J. Laws, president of the association, and Arthur H. Deibert.
—Star Staff Photo.
Dinner, With Ban on Speeches,
to Follow Afternoon of
Sports Contests.
As pious Moslems to Mecca, so today
do Jurists and barristers trek to the
Congressional Country Club for the
annual spring outing of the District
of Columbia Bar Association.
On the day-long program are golf
tournaments, an exhibition of swim
ming, baseball, tennis and a round of
other outdoor activities. Robert Tyre
Jones, jr., the affectionate “Bobby”
of the golfing world, is paired in an
exhibition match with Attorney Gen
eral Homer S. Cummings versus Roger
J. Whiteford and John E. McClure,
two prominent members of the local
This is the annual social event of
the bar to the bench and, led by
Associate Justices of the Supreme
Court Harlan Fiske Stone, Owen J.
Roberts and Stanley Reed, the jurists
are the guests of the barristers. Sena
tors. Representatives, other high Gov
ernment officials and notables of vary
ing degree are on hand today to aid
in the celebration.
The annual dinner is set for 6:30
p.m., but speechmaking has been
barred. The spotlight then will cen
ter on Bobby Jones and Walter John
son, who wiil distribute the golf tour
nament prizes. The Police Boys' Club
will put on a boxing exhibition, after
the dinner, in the gymnasium of the
club. L. Edward Flaherty, patent at
torney, has arranged to give his
“Medicine Man Act.”
Detective, 46, Was Native of D. C.
and Attended High School
in Washington.
Relatives here were informed today
of the death of Detective Lt. George
C. Howard of Los Angeles, a native of
Washington, from a bullet wound re
ported to have been inflicted by a de
tective private there.
Lt. Howard, 46, the son of the late
Thomas N. Howard, attended high
school here and joined the Army from
Washington during the World War,
serving as a lieutenant.
He is survived by his widow and a
son. living in Los Angeles; a brother,
Capt. T. R. Howard, U. S. A., now
stationed here, and an uncle. Prank
M. Howard, attached to the harbor
precinct of the Metropolitan Police
Mrs. Ella Thornton Chewning, 75, of
3489 Holmead place N.W., mother of
E. Taylor Chewning, president of the
United Clay Products Co., here, died
last night in Sibley Hospital. She had
been £1 a week and death was due to a
cerebral hemorrhage.
A native of Bowlihg Green, Va„ Mrs.
Chewning had been a Washington resi
dent the last 45 years. Besides her son,
who resides at Bethesda, Md., she is
survived by a daughter, Mrs. Addie W.
Bobb, Brentwood, Md., and three
Funeral services will be held at 3
p.m. tomorrow at Bowling Green.
Burial will be there. The body will rest
at Lee’s funeral home, Fourth street
and Massachusetts avenue N.E., until
10:30 am. tomorrow.
Mrs. Mary West Bowie, 80, for the
last 23 years a resident of this city,
died, yesterday at her home, 3320 P
street N.W., after a long illness.
Mrs. Bowie was a native of Loudoun
County, Va„ and was a daughter of
th§ late Dr. Nelson Gray West, sur
geon in the Confederate Army. Her
husband was the late John Wilson
Bowie, member of an old Maryland
family. Mrs. Bowie is survived by a
daughter, Miss Virginia T. Bowie, and
a son, Robert G. Bowie, both of this
Funeral services will be held at 2:30
p.m. tomorrow in Christ Episcopal
Church, Georgetown. Burial will be
in Leesburg, Va.
Away Since ’63, Veteran Sees
Gettysburg This Time by Air
St. Marys County Man
Ran Off to Join
Lee's Army.
By a Staff Correspondent of The Star.
BERWYN. Md.. May 24.—Peter
Pierre Smith will take a short cut
when he makes his second visit to
Gettysburg next week.
When Mr. Smith first went to the
famous old Civil War battleground he
started out by rowing across the Po
tomac River from his home in St.
Marys County to the Virginia shore.
Before he arrived at Gettysburg he
had fought six battles and seen more
country than he "thought existed
That, however, was 75 years ago.
The 1938 visit will be made in a few
hours on a modem Pennsylvania
Central Airlines plane.
Not There Since *63.
Mr. Smith, who lives with his
daughter, Mrs. W. A. Fenton, here,
has not been back to the fateful bat
tleground since he marched there In
1863. He still makes his own way
around the house, upstairs and down,
in a sprightly manner belying his 94
It was on a dark night in early
June, 1862, that young Peter Smith
met six neighboring youths at his
father's home in St. Marys County,
Md. They plotted their adventures.
Far into the night they sat up and
talked. Then it was too late to go
to bed, anyway, so they walked down
by the river. There, tied to a con
venient tree, was a flat-bottomed river
boat. Now, they agreed, was as good
a time as any to start off to the war.
Through the friendliness of farmers
who either loaned them horses or
helped them along their way with
short rides, they arrived in Richmond
in two weeks. There they joined
Company B of the 2d Maryland.
Helped Capture Milroy.
From Richmond the 2d Maryland
went to Winchester, where it aided
materially in the capture of Milroy’s
army after numerous skirmishes with
other Federal forces.
From beginning to end the company
in which the seven adventurers found
themselves was commanded by Capt.
J. Farran Crane, who after the war
served for 45 years as judge of the
Prince Georges County Circuit Court.
A note of regret was detectable in
the voice of the veteran when he told
Peer Is Aghast
At $100,000,000
City Sale Story
Lord Crichton-Stuart
Visiting U. S. Denies
‘Mad* Figure.
I Bv the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. May 24.—With a
wary eye for stock and bond sales
men, Lord Robert Crichton-Stuart, 29,
son of the richest landowner in Wales,
ventured out for a look at America
Lord Robert, appalled at reports
he had come to invest $100,000,000 in
securities, emphatically denied on his
arrival yesterday that his father, the
Marquess of Bute, had sold half the
City of Cardiff, in South Wales, for
such a "mad” sum.
“In England," smiled the handsome
young Scotsman, “one does not hand
a check for millions of pounds across
a table and exclaim, ‘Take this check,
my dear fellow, and sign the contract
on the line below.”’
Lord Robert said negotiations were
underway for the sale of a major
portion of his father’s vast real estate
holdings, but that the amount in
volved “is nothing like the great sum
published in the press.”
“I have no money,” he added. “I
am here solely to give my wife, who
had her second baby two months ago,
a vacation in the United States.”
The length of his stay, he said, de
pended “upon whether I am pestered
by securities salesmen and others
while here.”
Promoters already have tried to
sell him everything from copper mines
to airplane factories, he said.
L_ :
—Star Staff Photo.
of Gettysburg, Like any other loyal
son of the South he would not say
that Gen. Lee might have been wrong.
He only said, "If we had been allowed
to go on with the charge after we
drove them to entrenchments on top
of a hill the whole tide of the war
might have been changed.”
Mr. Smith never quite realized his
youthful ambition to “wipe out the
Yankees.” He didn't even see the end
of the war on the battlefield.
Nearly Shot as Spy.
It was early in 1864 that Mr. Smith
learned, after a long delay, of the
death of his father. He applied for
and received a furlough to go home to
St. Mary's County. Even a death in
the family, however, didn’t keep the
Yankees from taking the young sol
dier prisoner. One day the prisoner
was told the Federal officers were de
bating whether to shoot him as a spy.
Only the furlough signed by Gen. Lee
save his life, he says. Instead of being,
shot, he was sent to Point Lookout
prison camp and held there until the
war ended.
Mr. Smith is well known in Wash
ington. He was night clerk of the old
Ebbitt House, Fourteenth and F
streets, from 1899 to 1908.
Mr. Smith will be joined on the
plane trip by William H. Jackson,
95-year-old Union veteran, who fought
with Gen. Meade's Army of the Po
The two veterans will meet at the
Washington Airport on Memorial Day
to board the plane. En route they
will scatter rose petals on the graves
of veterans in Arlington National
Cemetery. At Gettysburg they will
drop forget-me-nots.
Strawberry Festival Set.
WOODFIELD, Md„ May 24 (Spe
cial).—The Wesley Grove Ladies’ Aid
will hold a strawberry festival in the
Woodfleld Hall here from 5 to 9 p.m.
Mrs. Roosevelt Listens to
Talks on Handicapped
Children’s Needs.
A large part of the American public
is under the delusion that physically
handicapped children can’t even smile,
and that the Braille system Is used in
residential schools for the deaf, It was
revealed today at the opening session
of a two-day conference In the United
States Office of Education.
More than IS representatives of resi
dential Institutions for the physically
handicapped throughout the country
unanimously stressed the need for
public education In the capabilities
and needs of the handicapped children
before officials of the Office of Educa
tion and Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Mrs. Roosevelt, who arrived an hour
late, insisted she had nothing to say,
but merely wanted to listen. She ex
plained the weather man was the cause
of her tardiness, because “we Just
couldn’t decide whether we would be
able to hold the veterans’ garden
party." She immediately plunged Into
the discussion, however, with ques
tions as to whether the residential
institutions received any Federal as
sistance. She was told there was none.
Shortcomings Cited.
Visiting officials pointed out that, al
though the education of handicapped
children is from six to eight times
more expensive per pupil than the cost
of educating the average child, the
teachers’ salaries in the residential in
stitutions were much lower than the
salaries of teachers of handicapped
children in the city day schools. They
also asked that the institutions be con
sidered as schools with educational
programs and not merely as retention
Mrs. Roosevelt suggested some sort
of campaign to get the State legisla
tors responsible for appropriations to
these institutions to visit the institu
tions and observe the work of the
children. A poll of the conference
showed that in only a few cases did
State legislators visit the residential
Studebaker Talks.
Also attending the conference was
Dr. Carrie Weaver Smith, former su
perintendent of the National Training
School for Girls. Dr. Smith read an
excerpt from the Congressional Record
in which students of a training school
were declared "hopeless” and urged
that this should not be the general
Oscar L. Chapman. Assistant Secre
tary of the Interior, presided at the
opening session.
In a few opening remarks, Dr. John
W. Studebaker, United States commis
sioner of education, said the confer- j
ence had been called to consider the
problems confronting the education of
handicapped and delinquent children.
He said that figures for 1935-6 showed
55 residential schools for the blind,
with an enrollment of 5,800 ; 79 resi
dential schools for the deaf, taking
care of 15,000, and 154 residential
schools, educating 31,000 children con
sidered socially maladjusted.
Martinsburg Youth Is Shot in
Mistake for Groundhog.
(Special).—Claude Timberlake, 19,
high school student, was instantly
killed yesterday while groundhog
hunting with his brother, Sylvester.
17. State and city police who investi
gated, said Sylvester had mistaken his
brother for a groundhog and fired his
rifle. The bullet entered Claude's
The victim was to have graduated
from a high school here Thursday
Twins at Philadelphia Zoo.
PHILADELPHIA May 24 (fl*).—One
day-old twins Nilgais, members of the
biggest and fiercest antelope tribe
that hails from India, are the latest
additions to the Philadelphia Zoo.
They’re fawn-colored, with bright
brown eyes, spindly legs and big ears
that stand out at right angles.
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6Shocking9 Data
Seen in Inquiry
Of Propaganda
Resolution by Dies
Due to Go Before
House Thursday.
By th« Associated Press.
Representative Dies, Democrat, of
Texas today said a proposed House
investigation of un-American propa
ganda would "result in disclosures
that will shock the Nation.”
His resolution for an inquiry prob
ably will come before the House Thurs
day. Democratic Leader Rayburn of
Texas predicted lta adoption.
"We are going to have a thorough
inquiry not only in Washington, but
in New York and Philadelphia," Mr.
Dies said.
While the resolution mentions no
specific grounds, its proponents have
said it would center attention on any
Nazi, Fascist and Communist organi
zations which might be carrying on
un-American activities.
W. W. Campbell Must Pay $50
and Is Put Under $100 Bond
for Disorderly Conduct.
W. W. Campbell, 48, former captain
of police in Alexandria, Va.. was found
guilty of disorderly conduct, fined $50
and costs and put under a $100 peace
bond for two years by Judge James R
Duncan in Alexandria Police Court
Campbell, now a painter, who gave
his address as the Soldiers’ Home in
Washington, was arrested in the Alex
andria police station at 6:30 a m. on
May 17, when, officers said, he became
disorderly in demanding to see some of
the police records.
Officers Henry Grimm and J. W.
Baber testified that force was neces
sary to subdue Campbell wrtien he was
told the records were locked up and he
could not see them. He was locked in
a cell at that time and later released
on $100 bond.
Woman’s Scream Scares
Two Would-Be Bandits
Into Flight.
Fourth precinct police are holding
two youths who apparently figured
patrons at a downtown sea food res
taurant weren’t getting enough turtle
They are accused of stealing two
turtles, weighing from 75 to 100 pounds.
each, from the Municipal Fish Market
last night and selling them to the res
Harbor police said the youths turned
the turtles on their backs, grabbed
them by their tails and placed them in
their car for delivery. A police look
out was broadcast, and the pair was
picked up by No. 4 police after they
made the sale and returned to the
Southwest area.
The youths were not charged lmme- •
Lucille Hampson's scream was suf*
flcient to rout two would-be bandit*
one of them brandishing a revolver,
from the ice cream store she manages
at 1841 First street N.W. last night.
She told police the men asked for a
quart of cream and when she handed
the package over the counter, one of
them pulled the gun and demanded
the store’s money. Her scream sent
them scurrying from the store, empty
handed, to their car parked outside,
she reported.
Charles A. Hepburn, 33, of 760
Seventh street S.E., manager of a
filling station at Second street and >
Massachusetts avenue N.W., sur;
rendered $40 to a colored man when
the latter put his hand in his pocket
as if he had a revolver and demanded
the receipts. The thief fled through an
alley, Mr. Hepburn told police.
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