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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 06, 1938, Image 9

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Writer Has
Dream, But
In Vain c*
No Reforms Follow His
'Vision’ of Way to
Help U. S.
i
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
NOT long ago President Roosevelt
revealed that he had had »
dream of an impending air
plane disaster and hence the
next day he ordered that a new airport
be built in Washington.
Dreaming of impending disasters of
Dtvld Liwrane*.
other kinds is
unhappily the
every-day expe
rience of many
people who view
%ith deep con
cern the economic
trend in America.
Perhaps, there
fore, the dream
of a Washing
ton correspondent
will not seem
Inappropriate, es
pecially since it
touches so closely
the events and
persons In the
national scene of today. Ana so me
dream:
Seated on a dais was a white-haired
father, the features of his benign face
almost dimmed at time* by the move
ment of the fleecy mist* that separated
him from the millions of human beings
who, ill-clad and ill-nourished, atood
silently as their spokesman, his clothes
tattered, his face unshaven, hia eye*
blinking before the strong light that
shone upon the scene, said:
"X have tried to help these people.
I have twice been elected President
of the United State* by them and by
their more fortunate brethren. I have
instituted reforms. I have condemned
greed and selfishness. I have ordered
legislatures and court* to do my bid
ding. My purpose has been benevo
lent. I have been criticized severely
and have in some quarters become
hated. It is true I have hated, too.
I have refused to listen to some who
have approached me because I thought
them selfish—I have distrusted them.
It. is true also I have spent billions
of dollars and I am about to spend
billions more. But somehow I do not
feel that we are finding our way out
of the wilderness. What can we, O
white-haired father do?"
Two More Speak.
There was a full minute of silence.
No answer came from the dais Sud
denly from the right side of the first
spokesman arose a tall man well
clothed, his face a tense study of
energy and eagerness. He said:
"We have found in America but
one real way to create job*—inventive
geniua, alert management and fair
wage* for the investment of dollars.
We want to make work for all these
people but the first spokesman will
not listen. Time l* being lost ss goods
are not being produced. We sre get
ting nowhere fast,"
Again a alienee and a third spokes
man arose from the left. He is
brawny, muACular, hia face is covered
with blood. He speaks haltingly a*
with difficulty he tries to suppress the
emotion of hia appeal:
"We, too, want to see. produc
tion uninterrupted. But our second
spokesman here forget* too often that
maasea of men cannot be treated like
ingou of steel—molded to suit hia
will. We are helpless as Individuals
so w# try to act together. When we
do ao our leader* are sometimes beaten
brutally. So we turn to brutality, too.
Yea, w* have made mistake*. We
have been selfish and short-sighted,
but file second spokesman and his
kind are largely to blam*-"
The Conversion.
Then came the great interruption.
The white-haired father began to
epeek
"I have heard enough. You merely
blame one another. In your selfish- j
naan, you pile up within you more and
mora resentment*. You hold your
selves blameless and put upon others
the burden of conforming to your
o*m views. You—all three spokesmen
—are Intolerant and selfish. You
think of your own political or eco
nomic selves. You talk and act as
If the people all around you were
slaves to toy with, to use for your
experiment*. Dq, you ever think of
acknowledging your wTongs. making
restitution to each other, trying really
to serve each other without thought I
of reward? Why not try that? Why :
not cast out the resentments within j
you which are mere sin, why not look j
upon your fellowman as equally en- I
titled with you to the pursuit* of life, I
liberty tnd happiness—— ?’’
Again a silence. A newspaper eorre- !
•pendent arose. He said:
“I wish to apologise. I have con
demned perhaps unjustly. I have
helped to fan the fires of hate. X
have sensationalised these quarrels.
1 have not helped to heal—to con
ciliate. As I have done wrong, O
white-haired father forgive me "
Than a strange thing happened.
The first apokeaman arose again and
as ha began to apeak there was un
furled in the breene the flag of the
President of the United States and
he said:
Repentance.
“I have made mistakes. I shall
pujllely acknowledge them. X shall
call on other* to acknowledge their
errontteo^feshaUbefjn^atjmeete
ADMIRAL BYRD
insisted -
•* langinai Vilihn and
timing apuipmant an bath Si*
SautS Pal* aapaditiant.
Wl» airplma that Paw aw tha
Sa«(tS P»|«, a«*n kit baat* and
dag ilad* war* tuppllad with
langlna* Wakchai ta taftgvi'd
kuman lifa. Tkl* world'* grpat*
ait avlatar»aiplaryr aayat “Far
m«ny ya,„ my Unglna* Wakh,
my faithful aampaniaa, ka« navar
Wt my aw...I alway* can taly
•» Uaginat a«uraty."
The Capital Parade
Wheeler, One-Time Liberal, Now Regarded as
Conservative Senate Opposition Spokesmen.
By JOSEPH ALSOP end BO MEET XINTNEB.
THERE WM a strange spectacle In the Senate last weak. A tell, gaunt,
untidy man, with a high, aquiline nose and sharp blue eyea, stood
waving his arms, alternately biasing and roaring threats st ebeent
enemies. And. clustered round him, like hens around a barnyard
cock when a hawk appear* in the aky, sat moat of the Democratic Senators
who have fought the New Deal.
The men was Burton Kendall Wheeler of Montana. The ebeent
enemies whom ha so loudly threatened were the members of the White
House general staff, the group of
left-wing advisers who are assist
ing the President in his purge of
the Democracy. And the anti
New Deal Democrats were gath
ered around Mr. Wheeler beoause
Harry L. Hopkins' indoraement of
Representative Wearin, in his Iowa
campaign against Senator Oillette,
had suddenly aroused them to their
peril.
If any proof were needed, the
f
scene proved that Burt Wheeler is the leader of the Senate opposition to
the White House. No better leader could be found.
* * • *
All the tricks of the legislative game, from the subtlest to the
most brutal, are known to Mr. Wheeler. His oratory la peculiar,
being compounded largely of repetitions and sibilant warnings, but
he has a way of shaking his bony finger that recalls the recording
angel in an irritable mood. He is effective on the floor. And, bast of
all, his liberal record In some sense clears his followers of the impu
tation of reaction. No wonder the Byrds and Baileys, the Orrys,
Burkes and Georges run to him in every emergency.
* * * *
The scene in the Senate represented such a surprising reversal of
roles. Oniy a year or so ago, the men who now follow him would have
named the Montana Senator as one of the most dangerous members of
their party, while Thomas O. Corcoran and Benjamin N. Cohen, the chief
targets of his attack, were his closest friends in the Government.
With Mr. Corcoran and Mr. Cohen, he put over the Utilities Holding
Company Act, when the President and his official leaders were weakening.
To him Mr. Corcoran and Mr. Cohen went when they were first disturbed
by the Supreme Court’s reaction. And, while he may denounce them now,
he still likes and admires both members of the oelebratad team. The point
of transition from the first attitude to the second la difficult to find
* * • *
Until the court fight, his friends were all of one sort. A Massa
chusetts boy, he moved West young, and made his name in Montana by
fighting the Anaconda Copper Co. The grateful farmers and miners sent
him to the Senate, where he made his name by advocating public owner
ship of power, by exposing the larger squalors of the Harding era. by fighting
relentlessly against the whole financial and industrial interest in the
country.
In 1924 he ran for the vice presidency on Old Bob la Pollette’s
Progressive ticket. And in 1932 he gave the Roosevelt candidacy its liberal
coloring, by rounding up the insurgent Northwest for the personable
Governor of New York.
Probably the bre^k came because the dominating character
istics of Mr. Wheeler’s nature are suspicion, pride end a passion for
honest government. Prom the very start, the President offended his
pride by failing to ask his advice. Worse still, the President per
mitted Attorney Oeneral Homer S. Cummings to lavish Justice
Department patronage on the Montana political machine of hla friend
and Mr. Wheeler’s mortal enemy, the lawyer-lobbyist, J. Bruce
Kremer.
* * * *
When the court bill was disclosed, Mr. Wheeler wee angry, and he
disliked the personal governmental methods of the President. The court
bill aroused a!! his suspicion. He charged to the attack . The members
of the court bill opposition promptly named him their official leader; the
naming was done with ceremony at a dinner at tha house of Senator
Tyding* of Maryland, attended by all the men who gathered round Mr.
Wheeler on the floor the other day.
At the Tydings dinner, Mr. Wheeler made a little speech which de
serves to be recalled again. He
looked around the well-appointed
table, into the faeee of the men
whom he had always fought be
fore. He said that he was glad to
lead them in the eourt fight, but
he warned them that, when the
fight was over, their ways would
part again. Thus far, Mr. Wheel
er’s warning has not come true,
and therein lias the enigma of his
future.
one cannot nalp-tatting, what next? in eonaiderlng Mr. Wheeler'* put
»nd present. Here Is a man of great abilities, a tough, practical politician,
an ambltloua man. He is hated by the chieftain of hi* party aa no other
man la. He hi* changed hla friend* yet, In fundamental opinion, he still
haa far more in common with hla old aaaoeiatea than with hla new. There
1* a trace of the rogue elephant in Mr. Wheeler. And there are eapeeitie*
to make him leader of the herd. If he ean choose which herd,
<Oepyr«ht. jpng, bj> th* North Amoriron Ntwtptpor Alltone*. Ine.)
rest out resentment from our souls.
We shell try tftin to live together and
work together for you.”
And then the second spokesman
said:
'We In business heve made mis
takes, We are ready to admit them.
We went only to,be met half way.
We want to be trustful. We shall
purge ourselves of distrust and dis
honesty. We shall do it uncondition
ally because, that, we understand, is
really your will."
And presently the third spokesman
arose:
'Not all the wrong has been with
our first and second spokesmen. We,
too. have sinned. We have quarreled
among ourselves. We have been in
tolerant. uncompromising, bitter and
resentful. We shall acknowledge our
errors. We shall approach our em
ployers with a aptrlt of truth. We
•hall meet honesty with honesty.”
The dream was proceeding splen
didly. The spirit of it caught the
enthusiasm of the millions who heard.
Their eyes shone brightly. They
moved away with firm and eager step.
Their ill-nourished bodies seemed to
have been suddenly filled with vigor
and energy. I seemed to bo witness
ing a mlrele—and then 1 woke up.
At my bedside was a copy of the
Congressional Record for June 3,1988.
and I saw therein that three times the
Senate of the United States, confront
ed with a moral issue—honesty in
elections and the eradication of
W, P. A. from politics—refused to pro
hibit Federal employes from engaging
in political activity. I was back in the
world of unmorality.
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Sinco 1S78
(THE opiniona of the writers on thta page are their own, not
* neceetartty The Star’s. Such opiniona are presented in
The Star s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its
readers, although such opiniona may be contradictory among
themselves and directly opposed to The Star’a.
Farley Foe of Reprisals
————— >'">■
He Is Represented as Regarding Such Tactics as Bad
Judgment and Foolish Politics.
Frederic William Wile.
By FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE.
BEFORE the *moke of Demo
cratic primary battle clear*
from the Iowa cornfield*, and
however the Olllette-Weartn
fisticuff* result, it’s noteworthy, for
the sake of the record, to emphasise
that Jim Farley is one New Dealer
who at no stage of the game has fa*
vored tne re
prisal policy. As
long ago as elec
tion night of No
vember 3. 1936,
immediately after
Mr. Roosevelt's
46-State sweep of
the electoral col
lege became a
certainty, the
architect in chief
of the President's
political p r o s
perity broadcast
to the Nation
from his laurel
crowned c a m
paign headquarter* in New York City
that there wee to be no program of
revenge against Mr. Roosevelt’s foes
or detractors. The national chairman
voiced the hope that "the scars of
this great battle will soon be healed"
and added that “nobody on our side
of the fence has any thought of re
prisal or oppression.”
* * * *
Sunny Jim’s magnanimity in those
spacious hours of overwhelming vic
tory agitated the wave lengths a full
three month* before Franklin Roose
velt's Supreme Court proposal stag
gered the Nation, But the forgive
and-forget philosophy enunciated by
the Postmaster Oeneral typifies hi*
whole conception of the way the game
of politics should be played. Mr.
Farley himself would probably ad
mit it’s simply a combination of com
mon faimesa and horse sense. Prac
tical idealism might be another name
for it.
At any rate, Jim Is too good a fel
low and too shrewd a politician to
think that the New Deal is either a
square deal or a wise deal when it
metes out punishment to regular
Democrats for the crime of temporary
disagreement with the President of
the United States on a matter of high
principle like the independence of the
judiciary.
Mr. Farley throughout the ad
ministration's conflict with party in
surgency has frowned upon the dog
house system, of which the 1938 pri
maries are a symbol. Some day, when
n\urder outs, the country may learn
that one of the main causes of current
Whit* House disregard of the counsel
on which Mr. Roosevelt hes so long
relied is that Big Jim seta his face like
flint against sentencing dissenters to
political electrocution. To him it
signifies bed judgment, poor sports
manship and rank ingratitude—in
other words, foolish politics, which is
on the Farley list of cardinal sins.
* * * *
Nor will the history of the Iowa
vendetta be complete without men
tion of the thoroughly authenticated
cabinet meeting explosion by Henry
Agard Wallace over the Hopkins
Wearin indorsement. The Secretary
of Agriculture, according to an eye
witness, did not mince word* in blurt
ing out his opinion of the superfluity
and bone-headedness of the W. P. A.
boss' intervention in the primary
fracas. Mr. Wallace's belief that Mr.
Hopkins should have kept hands of!
may not be wholly unconcerned with
the 1940 presidential ambitions at- i
tributed to him. It’s just possible that
the agronomist-philosopher goes along
with the no-reprisals thesis in the
hope that his home State fences will
be usefully strengthened by opposition
to the purge policy.
* * * *
President Roosevelt omits few op
portunities t« crack down on those
sections of the press which he con
siders anti-New Deal. Editorial
writers and columnists seem to be his
pet aversions. He singled them out
again for critical mention at his latest
press conference, when he explained
he's dispatching a mission to study
the British trade union act, particu
larly for the "education” of the scribes
in question. If the mission's re
searches are thorough, one of the
first facts it will discover is that no
Brltsh C. I. O. under the law can get
away with such a thing as a f 100,000
mortgage on one of the kingdom's
great political parties, or that con
ditions would ever be tolerated where
by a national labor organisation,
through its leader, could publicly de
mand that the head of the govern
ment, in the midst of an industrial
crisis, should come across and repay
the obligation Incurred when his party
accepted a huge cash contribution for
campaign purposes.
* * a a
Ambrose O’Connell, executive as
sistant to the Postmaster Oeneral,
has just been honored by his fellow
alumni of the University of Notre
Dame by election to the presidency of
their national association. He won
out during the current annual com
mencement festivities on the Irish
campus over a rival candidate who
had Just delivered the annual com
mencement oration—a Californian.
Mr. O’Connell, who took his Ph. B. at
Notre Dame in 1»07 and his law degree
at Columbia in 1910, hails from Iowa.
A member of the New York and Fed
eral bar, he entered Democratic na
tional politics as assistant and secre
tary to the late Senator Thomas J.
Walsh of Montana, chairman of the
1932 convention in Chicago. Banking
and newspaper experience, in addition
to legal and private secretarial serv
ice to New York State Supreme Court
justices, preceded Mr. O’Connell's con
nection with the Democratic National
Committee and his subsequent entry
into the Post Office Department as
Mr. Farley’s right-hand man.
* * * a
Although Mr. Roosevelt’s little
heart-to-heart talk to Annapolis
graduates last week was bulletined
in advance as unimportant either
nationally or internationally, the
President’s mere presence at the
Naval Academy at this time assumes
undeniable significance. The new
crop of ensigns and Marine officers
is the second largest in recent years
because of the rapidly expanding
needs of the United States Fleet. The
circumstance that the Navy's com
mander in chief graced the 1939
graduation ceremonies with his at
tendance is a fresh reminder to
trouble makers and trouble seekers
beyond our shores that Uncle Barn's
sailor-President lays paramount stress
on American seapower at this juncture
in world affairs.
* * * a
In becoming arbiter in the Beagle
Channel controversy between Argen
tina and Chile, Attorney Oeneral
Cummings enters a select company of
predecessors in the realm of Latin
American territorial adjudication. In
1876 President Hayes was named arbi
ter in a boundary controversy between
Argentina and Paraguay. In 1886
President Drover Cleveland was asked
to settle a frontier dispute between
Costa Rioa and Nicaragua, and in
1895 served in a similar capacity in
a Brasil-Argentine quarrel. President
Woodrow Wilson arbitrated a dispute
between Honduras and Dautemala in
This Changing World !
Henlein Retting on Oers Until Final Czech Elections
Next Sunday.
By CONSTANTINE BROWN.
HITLER'S Charlie McCarthy, Konrad Henlein, is retting until next
Sunday. Because yesterday was Whitsunday, no election* were
held la CaeehoelovaUa. The last and moat important will t ke
place next Sunday when them may be aome reel firework*.
* * * *
In the meantime, the Democratic government* are endeavoring to pour
cold wate* on Hitler’* enthusiasm for "settlement” of the problem of
Oerman* living in Cxaoboelovakla. Wane* is telling every on* it will
stand by the term* of It* alliance with CaschoalovaUa: Great Britain ia
rtaewing assurance* that she would follow a realistic policy—whatever that
may mean—and the "State Department” is bombarding Europe every week
end with some new statement, innocuous on the surface, but intended to
have an ominous meaning wheu it ia read by the Oerman foreign office.
e * • e
Whether these manifestation* to prevent hostilities by word* are
sufficient will be seen within a
week.
It la poHible Hitler may be
Influenced by tear of what the
United State* might do. The fact
that the Britiah and the French
have the American market* open
to purchase all the war material
they want—provided It ia paid tor
in e*ah—might worry Der Fuehrer.
On the other hand, it might pre
cipitate a orUia If the Oerman
general atan believes that by the time France and Great Britain are fully
supplied with American alrplanaa the Caeehoslovak ahow will be over.
* * * *
Secretary Hull appealed last Friday to the American people to stand
behind their Oovemment and back a program to restore throughout the
world the principle* of order and law.
Thla has been tried eyer since the end of the lest war and has
not been successful, even st the time when the aggressor nations
were not nearly as well armed and prepared for war as they are today.
All tbe disarmament and limitation of arm* conferences have been
dismal failure*. Even the “successful” naval conference of 19S0
resulted in an increase of naval armaments between the signatories
and an armament race between Italy and France.
Mr. Hull repeated the arguments set forth at the time Secretary
Kellogg wanted the nations of the world to join the Paris pact. He, too,
atated that war* would eventually become as absolete and abhorrent to
the people aa dueling. It is very likely that within the next few centuries
this thought expressed by the late Mr. Kellogg and the present Secretary of
State will come true. But for the time being we are as far from it as w#
are from the moon. Some day human geniu* may find mean* of flying
through the stratosphere to the moon.
* *
The Secretary of State assured the American people that we are pre
pared to Join with other nation* in moving '‘resolutely” toward a progressive
reduction of armament*. The problem is whether the German, the Italian
and the Japanese are prepared to
move "resolutely” toward the same
goal. It is doubtful, unless the
political, not ^he economic, prob
lems are settled to their fancy.
* * * *
The pacifist groups are still
very active in this country and to
a certain extent in Oreat Britain.
The weakness of -the pacifist
movement is that it preaches to
audiences which are convinced of
rigmeousness oi ineir cause. They should endeavor to convince the j
German, the Italian and the Japanese nations that peace and disarmament
must be the principal platform of their respective governments. It would
be interesting to see what would happen to a pacifist orator who would
venture to expose his views frankly in Berlin or in Tokio.
* * * *
But Mr. Hull's sermon did serve a good purpose. It warned the
American people that Isolation is not only a bitter illusion but also harmful
and dangerous to the Nation. This is expected to hit the bull’s-eye in
Berlin and In Home, It will necessarily be interpreted as a clever diplo
matic warning to Hitler not to use airplanes and tanks in the solution of
the Sudeten Oerman question in Oaechoslovakia.
1914. In 1929 President Calvin Cool
idge was assigned the task of settling
the ancient Taena-Ariea feud between
Peru and Chile.
(Coorrtsht, HSR.)
Bog Treki 800 Mile*.
HOU8TON, Tex.. June 9 (API_
Snowball. adpitx dog. found his master
here yesterday after a 600-mile trek
from Odessa, Tex.
The dog crawled into the yard of
News I. Q. Answers
1. A. B. Chandler.
2. H. A. Morgan.
1. The military faction got a
stronger hand in the government.
4. True.
5. Persons having a net Income
of $1,000 or more would have to
buy bonds, bearing 1 per cent
interest.
% _
Walter Clack, who said it strayed
away in Odessa March 13. The dog's
foot-pads were worn pink.
_ ■ m ~ ■r
„ ' . mmmmp"w———1mmm^
Headline Folk
and What
They Do
M. J. Kramer, Birth*
of Tenements, Rosi
- From $6 Joli. 4§f
By LEMUEL F, EASTON. "
Mrs. maria xsaiooi bnys
the S8-itory Hotel TAnncIn. to
New York, for a petes amid
to fee 17,000.900. Bile to the
wife of Max J. Kramer, probably New
York's busiest builder. The ftenily
saga la typical of pre-depression Mas.
but has carried right on through the
lean years.
The Polish carpenter's apprentice,
then 14, ran away to Havre, odd-job
bing on the water front and watching
for a chance to get to America. Ha
made a deal with a tramp eteamer
to make cherry boxes for his pas
sage. For this work, en route, he
got hi* passage and II a week.
The passage took 29 days and he
landed In New York with 13.50. He
slept on a park bench and a policeman
awakened him in the morning by
whacking his feet with a night stick.
The policeman spoke German, as did
young Kramer, and steered him Into
a 16-a-week carpentering job.
He saved and Invested his money
and built two tenements. Between
1879 and 1912 he built 500 tenements.
In 1925 he had 110,000.000 worth of
buildings under construction.
In France, in 1928, he married the
former wife of Reginald Ford, British
sportsman and motion-picture exec
utive. She had a flair for building
decoration, clothes and social and
commercial enterprise generally. It
was a winning partnership, as they
bought or built theaters, skyscrapers
and hotels right on through the de
pression.
(Copyright, 1938.)
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